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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 152-161, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007681

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Highly expressed in various human cancers, circular RNA Protein Kinase C Iota (circPRKCI) has been reported to play an important role in cancer development and progression. Herein, we sought to reveal the prognostic and clinical value of circPRKCI expression in diverse human cancers.@*METHODS@#We searched the Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases from inception until May 16, 2021. The relationship between circPRKCI expression and cancer patients' survival, including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), was assessed by pooled hazard ratios (HR) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). The correlation between circPRKCI expression and clinical outcomes was evaluated using odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% CI. The data were analyzed by STATA software (version 12.0) or Review Manager (RevMan 5.3).@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 studies with 1109 patients were incorporated into our meta-analysis. The results demonstrated that high circPRKCI expression was significantly related to poor OS (HR = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.61, 2.39, P <0.001) when compared with low circPRKCI expression in diverse human cancers. However, elevated circPRKCI expression was not associated with DFS (HR = 1.34, 95% CI: 0.93, 1.95, P = 0.121). Furthermore, the patient with a higher circPRKCI expression was prone to have a larger tumor size, advanced clinical stage, and lymph node metastasis, but it was not significantly correlated with age, gender, and distant metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#Elevated circPRKCI expression was correlated with worse OS and unfavorable clinical features, suggesting a novel prognostic and predictive role of circPRKCI in diverse human cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Neoplasms/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Progression-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 31-46, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011009

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a dynamic wound-healing response characterized by the agglutination of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, is known for treating gynecological diseases and liver fibrosis. Our previous studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNA H19 (H19) was markedly upregulated in fibrotic livers while its deficiency markedly reversed fibrogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which SWT influences H19 remain unclear. Thus, we established a bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis model to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of SWT on various cells in the liver. Our results showed that SWT markedly improved ECM deposition and bile duct reactions in the liver. Notably, SWT relieved liver fibrosis by regulating the transcription of genes involved in the cytoskeleton remodeling, primarily in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and influencing cytoskeleton-related angiogenesis and hepatocellular injury. This modulation collectively led to reduced ECM deposition. Through extensive bioinformatics analyses, we determined that H19 acted as a miRNA sponge and mainly inhibited miR-200, miR-211, and let7b, thereby regulating the above cellular regulatory pathways. Meanwhile, SWT reversed H19-related miRNAs and signaling pathways, diminishing ECM deposition and liver fibrosis. However, these protective effects of SWT were diminished with the overexpression of H19 in vivo. In conclusion, our study elucidates the underlying mechanisms of SWT from the perspective of H19-related signal networks and proposes a potential SWT-based therapeutic strategy for the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
3.
Biol. Res ; 56: 1-1, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420299

ABSTRACT

Cell cycle is one of the main cellular mechanisms involved in tumor progression. Almost all of the active molecular pathways in tumor cells directly or indirectly target the cell cycle progression. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the molecular mechanisms involved in cell cycle regulation in tumor cells. Since, early diagnosis has pivotal role in better cancer management and treatment, it is required to introduce the non-invasive diagnostic markers. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have higher stability in body fluids in comparison with mRNAs. Therefore, they can be used as efficient non-invasive markers for the early detection of breast cancer (BCa). In the present review we have summarized all of the reported lncRNAs involved in cell cycle regulation in BCa. It has been reported that lncRNAs mainly affect the cell cycle in G1/S transition through the CCND1/CDK4-6 complex. Present review paves the way of introducing the cell cycle related lncRNAs as efficient markers for the early detection of BCa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Cell Cycle/genetics , Cell Division , Cell Cycle Checkpoints
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 471-481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984746

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of lncRNA DRAIC on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells and its mechanism. Methods: Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of DRAIC in lung cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues of 40 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Tangshan People's Hospital from 2019 to 2020. Lung adenocarcinoma cells A549 and H1299 were cultured in vitro and divided into si-NC group, si-DRAIC group, miR-NC group, let-7i-5p mimics group, si-DRAIC+ inhibitor-NC group, and si-DRAIC+ let-7i-5p inhibitor group. CCK-8 method and clone formation experiment were used to detect cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Transwell array was used to detect the cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Bcl-2 and Bax. The double luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to verify the regulatory relationship between DRAIC and let-7i-5p. Independent sample t test was used for comparison between two groups, one-way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups, and Pearson correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results: Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression level of DRAIC in lung adenocarcinoma tissues increased (P<0.05), but the expression level of let-7i-5p decreased (P<0.05). The expression levels of DRAIC and let-7i-5p in lung adenocarcinoma tissues were negatively correlated (r=-0.737, P<0.05). The absorbance value of A549 and H1299 cells in the si-DRAIC group at 48, 72 and 96 hours were lower than those in the si-NC group (P<0.05), the number of clones formed [(91.00±6.08 vs. 136.67±6.51); (50.67±1.53 vs. 76.67±4.51)], the number of migration [(606.67±31.34 vs. 960.00±33.06); (483.33±45.96 vs. 741.67±29.67)], the number of invasion [(185.00±8.19 vs. 447.33±22.05); (365.00±33.87 vs. 688.00±32.97)] were lower than those in the si-NC group (P<0.05). However, the apoptosis rates of cells [(13.43±2.79)% vs. (4.53±0.42)%; (23.77±1.04)% vs. (6.60±1.42)%] were higher than those in the si-NC group (P<0.05). The protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax in si-DRAIC group were higher than those in si-NC group, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lower than that in si-NC group (P<0.05). DRAIC is located in the cytoplasm. DRAIC targeted and negatively regulated the expression of let-7i-5p. The absorbance values of A549 and H1299 cells in the let-7i-5p mimics group at 48, 72 and 96 hours were lower than those in the miR-NC group (P<0.05), the number of clones formed [(131.33±14.47 vs. 171.33±6.11); (59.33±4.93 vs. 80.33±7.09)], the number of migration [(137.67±3.06 vs. 579.33±82.03); (425.00±11.14 vs. 669.33±21.13)], the number of invasion [(54.00±4.36 vs. 112.67±11.59); (80.00±4.58 vs. 333.33±16.80)] were lower than those in the miR-NC group (P<0.05). However, the apoptosis rates of cells [(14.57±1.10)% vs. (6.97±1.11)%; (23.97±0.42)% vs. (7.07±1.21)%] were higher than those in the miR-NC group (P<0.05). The protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax in let-7i-5p mimics group were higher than those in miR-NC group, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lower than that in miR-NC group (P<0.05). The absorbance values of A549 and H1299 cells in the si-DRAIC+ let-7i-5p inhibitor group at 48, 72 and 96 hours were higher than those in the si-DRAIC+ inhibitor-NC group (P<0.05), the number of clones formed [(82.00±5.29 vs. 59.00±5.57); (77.67±4.93 vs. 41.33±7.57)], the number of migration [(774.33±35.81 vs. 455.67±19.04); (569.67±18.72 vs. 433.67±16.77)], the number of invasion [(670.33±17.21 vs. 451.00±17.52); (263.67±3.06 vs. 182.33±11.93)] were higher than those in the si-DRAIC+ inhibitor-NC group (P<0.05). However, the apoptosis rates of cells [(7.73±0.45)% vs. (19.13±1.50)%; (8.00±0.53)% vs. (28.40±0.53)%] were lower than those in the si-NC group (P<0.05). The protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax in si-DRAIC+ let-7i-5p inhibitor group were higher than those in si-DRAIC+ inhibitor-NC group, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lower than that in si-DRAIC+ inhibitor-NC group (P<0.05). Conclusion: DRAIC is highly expressed in lung adenocarcinoma, and DRAIC promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells and inhibits apoptosis by targeting let-7i-5p.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Lung/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1608-1616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA LINC01268 on apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of LINC01268 and miR-217 in peripheral blood samples from AML patients and AML cell lines HL-60 and KG-1 were detected by qRT-PCR. HL-60 cells were divided into pcDNA3.1-NC, pcDNA3.1-LINC01268, si-NC, si-LINC01268, miR-NC, miR-217 mimics, si-LINC01268 + inhibitor-NC and si-LINC01268+ miR-217 inhibitor groups. The mRNA expressions of LINC01268 and miR-217 were detected by qRT-PCR. The targeting relationship between LINC01268 and miR-217 was detected by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of cell cycle and apoptosis-related proteins p21, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression of LINC01268 in peripheral blood samples of AML patients and AML cell lines HL-60 and KG-1 was increased (P < 0.05), and the expression of miR-217 was decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with si-NC group and miR-NC group, the viability of HL-60 cells was decreased in si-LINC01268 group and miR-217 mimics group (P < 0.05), the proportion of cells in G1 phase and apoptosis rate were increased (P < 0.05), the protein expression levels of p21, Bax and caspase-3 were increased (P < 0.05), while the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was decreased (P < 0.05). LINC01268 targeted and negatively regulated the expression of miR-217, and inhibiting the expression of miR-217 partially reversed the effects of LINC01268 interference on the viability, cell cycle and apoptosis of HL-60 cells. Interference with LINC01268 could inhibit the activity of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Inhibiting the expression of miR-217 could partially reverse the inhibition of LINC01268 interference on PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#LINC01268 is highly expressed and miR-217 is lowly expressed in AML cells. LINC01268 can promote the activity of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, increase the survival rate and inhibit the apoptosis of AML cells by targeting miR-217 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1085-1092, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the biological function of LINC00174 in multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of LINC00174 and miR-150 in peripheral blood of MM patients and MM cell lines. EdU staining and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of LINC00174 and miR-150 on the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of proliferation marker nuclear-related antigen Ki67, apoptosis-related protein cleaved caspase-3 and transcription factor forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1). Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the targeting relationship between LINC00174 and miR-150 and the targeting relationship between miR-150 and FOXP1.@*RESULTS@#The level of LINC00174 was significantly increased in peripheral blood of MM patients and MM cell lines (P <0.05). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the expression of LINC00174 was significantly reduced in LINC00174-siRNA group, the proliferation of U266 cells was reduced, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, the level of Ki67 protein was reduced, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 protein was increased (all P <0.05). LINC00174 targeted regulation of the expression of miR-150. Compared with LINC00174-siRNA+NC inhibitor group, the expression of miR-150 in U266 cells in LINC00174-siRNA+miR-150 inhibitor group was significantly reduced, the cell proliferation was enhanced, the apoptosis rate was reduced, the level of Ki67 protein was increased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was decreased (all P <0.05). FOXP1 is the target gene of miR-150. Compared with NC mimic group, the expression of FOXP1 protein in miR-150 mimic group was significantly reduced, the cell proliferation was reduced, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, Ki67 protein level was decreased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was increased. Compared with miR-150 mimic + vector group, the expression of FOXP1 protein in miR-150 mimic + pcDNA-FOXP1 group was significantly increased, the cell proliferation was enhanced, the apoptosis rate was reduced, the level of Ki67 protein was increased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was decreased (all P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LINC00174 promotes the proliferation of MM cells and inhibits cell apoptosis by regulating the miR-150/ FOXP1 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Ki-67 Antigen , MicroRNAs/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Repressor Proteins , RNA, Small Interfering , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 451-459, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009907

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are strongly related to the occurrence and development of digestive tract cancer in human. Firstly, lncRNAs target and regulate the expression of downstream cancer genes to affect the growth, metastasis, apoptosis, metabolism and immune escape of cancer cells. Secondly, lncRNAs are considered to be important regulating factors for lipid metabolism in cancer, which is related to signaling pathways of adipogenesis and involved in the occurrence and development of digestive tract cancer. Finally, lncRNAs have application value in the diagnosis and treatment of digestive tract cancer. For example, lncRNAMALAT1 has been reported as a target for diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. This article reviews current progress on the regulatory role of lncRNAs in digestive tract cancer, to provide references for the research and clinical application in the prevention and treatment of digestive tract cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/genetics , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 397-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009902

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) which are usually thought to have no protein coding ability, are widely involved in cell proliferation, signal transduction and other biological activities. However, recent studies have suggested that short open reading frames (sORFs) of some lncRNAs can encode small functional peptides (micropeptides). These micropeptides appear to play important roles in calcium homeostasis, embryonic development and tumorigenesis, suggesting their potential as therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers. Currently, bioinformatic tools as well as experimental methods such as ribosome mapping and in vitro translation are applied to predict the coding potential of lncRNAs. Furthermore, mass spectrometry, specific antibodies and epitope tags are used for validating the expression of micropeptides. Here, we review the physiological and pathological functions of recently identified micropeptides as well as research strategies for predicting the coding potential of lncRNAs to facilitate the further research of lncRNA encoded micropeptides.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Research Design , Antibodies , Carcinogenesis , Micropeptides
9.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 884-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009444

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of long noncoding RNA H19 on lipid accumulation of macrophages under high fat stress and its mechanism. Methods Human THP-1 cells-derived macrophages were incubated with ox-LDL, and the effects of H19 siRNA intervention on lipid accumulation was observed. The THP-1 cells were divided into control group (conventional culture), ox-LDL group, siRNA negative control (NC siRNA) combined with ox-LDL treatment group, and H19 siRNA combined with ox-LDL treatment group. Oil red O staining was used to determine the lipid accumulation in cells, and cholesterol concentration was analyzed by enzymatic method; ATP assay kit for detecting celluar ATP content; colorimetry was used to detect the levels of oxidative stress indicators and ELISA was used to detect the levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the cell supernatant. Western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression of ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and nuclear factor κB p-p65 (NF-κB p-p65). Results Knockdown H19 significantly inhibited intracellular lipid accumulation, decreased total cholesterol (TC) and cholesterol ester (CE) content, and decreased CE/TC ratio. Knockdown H19 significantly alleviated cell damage including an increase in ATP content, a decrease in oxidative stress levels and a decrease in MCP-1 levels, which caused by high-fat stress. H19 siRNA upregulated expression of ABCA1, PPARα and PGC-1α in THP-1 derived macrophages, downregulated NF-κB signal pathway. Conclusion Knockdown H19 upregulates PGC-1α expression in THP-1 cells and downregulates NF-κB pathway, which promotes cholesterol reverse transport, reduces inflammatory reaction and inhibits lipid accumulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Triphosphate , Cholesterol , NF-kappa B , PPAR alpha , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , THP-1 Cells , Macrophages/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 834-840, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009438

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA ubiquitin-specific peptidase 30 antisense RNA 1 (lncRNA USP30-AS1) and its relationship with immune infiltration in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OSC), and to determine its prognostic role in OSC. Methods The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was utilized to retrieve the expression of USP30-AS1 and clinical information of 384 OSC patients. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was employed to compare the expression of USP30-AS1 between OSC and normal ovarian tissues. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between clinical pathological features and USP30-AS1. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) were performed to investigate enrichment pathways and functions and quantify the degree of immune cell infiltration in USP30-AS1. Based on the expression level of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) USP30-AS1, the samples were divided into high and low expression groups according to the expression mean. Log-rank tests, univariate and multivariate proportional hazards model (Cox) were used to compare prognostic differences between different USP30-AS1 expression groups. The impact of lncRNA USP30-AS1 expression on other genomic analyses was also analyzed. Results High expression of USP30-AS1 was significantly associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage of the tumor. Multivariate survival analysis indicated that USP30-AS1 expression level served as an independent prognostic marker for OSC. GSEA data showed that high expression of USP30-AS1 might activate programmed death 1 (PD-1) signaling pathway, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) pathway, B-cell receptor signaling pathway, cell apoptosis, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling pathway, and Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway. The expression of USP30-AS1 was negatively correlated with immune cell infiltration, including B cells, CD4+ T cells, dendritic cells, CD8+ T cells, and neutrophils. Conclusion USP30-AS1 may be used as a prognostic molecular marker for OSC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Computational Biology , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/genetics , RNA, Antisense , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 777-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009430

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the long non-coding RNA(lncRNA) MRAK08838 regulates macrophage function to influence the development of asthmatic airway inflammation. Methods MRAK088388 gene knockout (MRAK088388-/-) mouse model was prepared and allergic asthma was induced by dust mite protein Dermatophagoides farinae 1 (Der f1). The mice were sacrificed after 28 days of modeling, and serum was collected to measure IgE and IgG. The FinePointe RC system was used to measure airway hyperresponsiveness and evaluate lung function in mice. Lung tissue was taken for HE staining, and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining was used to evaluate inflammatory infiltration and mucus secretion in mouse lungs. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression level of lncRNA MRAK08838 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells and lung tissue of asthmatic mice. ELISA was used to detect the levels of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-10 and IL-17A. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the phenotype of macrophages in BALF and lung tissue, as well as the proportion of neutrophils, eosinophils, and alveolar macrophages. The changes of the above indicators were detected in mice by adoptive transfer of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM). Results Under the challengle of Der f1, MRAK088388-/- mice showed reduced allergic airway inflammation, including reduced eosinophils in BALF and reduced production of IgE and IgG1. In addition, Der f1-treated MRAK088388-/- mice had fewer M2 macrophages than wild-type asthmatic mice. Wild-type mouse BMDM (M0) and Der f1-treated MRAK088388-/- mice also showed mild inflammatory response. Conclusion Knockout of MRAK088388 alleviates airway inflammation in asthmatic mice by inhibiting M2 polarization of airway macrophages.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Knockout , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Asthma/genetics , Macrophages , Immunoglobulin E
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 807-814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of the long non-coding RNA LINC00926 in pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) and explore the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were transfected with a LINC00926-overexpressing plasmid (OE-LINC00926), a siRNA targeting ELAVL1, or both, followed by exposure to hypoxia (5% O2) or normoxia. The expression of LINC00926 and ELAVL1 in hypoxia-treated HUVECs was detected using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. Cell proliferation was detected using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), and the levels of IL-1β in the cell cultures was determined with ELISA. The protein expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins (caspase-1, cleaved caspase-1 and NLRP3) in the treated cells were analyzed using Western blotting, and the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1 was verified with RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to hypoxia obviously up-regulated the mRNA expression of LINC00926 and the protein expression of ELAVL1 in HUVECs, but did not affect the mRNA expression of ELAVL1. LINC00926 overexpression in the cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increased IL-1β level and enhanced the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins (all P < 0.05). LINC00926 overexpression further up-regulated the protein expression of ELAVL1 in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs. The results of RIP assay confirmed the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1. ELAVL1 knockdown significantly decreased IL-1β level and the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs (P < 0.05), while LINC00926 overexpression partially reversed the effects of ELAVL1 knockdown.@*CONCLUSION@#LINC00926 promotes pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced HUVECs by recruiting ELAVL1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caspase 1 , ELAV-Like Protein 1 , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Pyroptosis , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Cell Hypoxia
13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1185-1196, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a multifactorial disease, and the mechanism of non coding RNA interactions and inflammatory cell infiltration patterns are not fully understood. This study aims to construct a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network for this disease and clarify the infiltration patterns of inflammatory cells in orbital tissue to further explore the pathogenesis of GO.@*METHODS@#The differentially expressed genes were identified using the GEO2R analysis tool. The Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) and gene ontology analysis were used to analyze differential genes. RNA interaction relationships were extracted from the RNA interactome database. Protein-protein interactions were identified using the STRING database and were visualized using Cytoscape. StarBase, miRcode, and DIANA-LncBase Experimental v.2 were used to construct ceRNA networks together with their interacted non-coding RNA. The CIBERSORT algorithm was used to detect the patterns of infiltrating immune cells in GO using R software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 114 differentially expressed genes for GO and 121 pathways were detected using both the KEGG and gene ontology enrichment analysis. Four hub genes (SRSF6, DDX5, HNRNPC,and HNRNPM) were extracted from protein-protein interaction using cytoHubba in Cytoscape, 104 nodes and 142 edges were extracted, and a ceRNA network was identified (MALAT1-MIR21-DDX5). The results of immune cell analysis showed that in GO, the proportions of CD8+ T cells and CD4+ memory resting T cells were upregulated and downregulated, respectively. The proportion of CD4 memory resting T cells was positively correlated with the expression of MALAT1, MIR21, and DDX5.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study has constructed a ceRNA regulatory network (MALAT1-MIR21-DDX5) in GO orbital tissue, clarifying the downregulation of the proportion of CD4+ stationary memory T cells and their positive regulatory relationship with ceRNA components, further revealing the pathogenesis of GO.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Algorithms , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Down-Regulation , Graves Ophthalmopathy/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , MicroRNAs/genetics , Serine-Arginine Splicing Factors , Phosphoproteins
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 851-862, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010093

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the malignant tumors with the highest incidence and mortality rate in China, and its occurrence and development mechanism and treatment methods are the current research focuses. In recent years, the emergence of drugs targeting various tumor driver genes has significantly improved patients' survival and quality of life, setting off a wave of research on new therapeutic targets. Among them, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays a crucial role in the malignant behavior of tumors, which has attracted widespread attention. Shown by a large number of studies, partial members of lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene (SNHG) family are aberrantly expressed in many maliglant tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and participate in cell proliferation, invasion and migration, which may act as a new diagnostic and prognostic biomarker and can be a therapeutic target of NSCLC. In this review, we comprehensively summarize and explore the recent investigation of SNHGs in NSCLC in order to provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Quality of Life , China , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 741-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010082

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is a high morbidity, mortality, and poor clinical prognosis of lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). However, there is currently no effective targeted treatment plan for LUSC. As a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), lncRNA miR143HG has been proven to play an important role in the occurrence and development of various tumors. However, the biological role played by lncRNA miR143HG in LUSC cells is still unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the mechanism of lncRNA miR143HG on regulating the biological behavior of LUSC H520 cells.@*METHODS@#Pan-cancer analysis and differential expression analysis of lncRNA miR143HG were performed based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The predictive effect of lncRNA miR143HG on the diagnosis and prognosis of LUSC was evaluated by adopting the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and timeROC curve. The enrichment degree of each pathway to lncRNA miR143HG was determined. The expression of lncRNA miR143HG and miR-155 in BEAS-2B cells and H520 cells was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). H520 cells were randomly divided into blank control group (without any treatment), negative control group (transfected with lncRNA-NC), lncRNA miR143HG group (transfected with lncRNA miR143HG), and lncRNA miR143HG+miR-155 group (co-transfected with lncRNA miR143HG and miR-155). The approaches of CCK-8, wound healing test, Transwell assay, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and Western blot were respectively employed to detect the cell proliferation ability, cell migration ability, cell invasion ability, cell apoptosis rate, and expression level of related genes and proteins of the Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.@*RESULTS@#The results of pan-cancer analysis and differential analysis collectively showed that except for renal clear cell carcinoma, the expression of lncRNA miR143HG in other cancer tissues was higher than that in healthy tissues, and the differences were significant in LUSC. The evaluation results of the ROC curve and timeROC curve suggested that lncRNA miR143HG was of great significance in the prediction of diagnosis and prognosis of LUSC. The pathways enriched in high expression of lncRNA miR143HG mainly included focal adhesion, vascular smooth muscle contraction, calcium signaling pathways, and so on; the pathways enriched in the low expression of lncRNA miR143HG embraced oxidative phosphorylation, cell cycle, basic transcription factors, etc. The qRT-PCR results showed that lncRNA miR143HG was low expressed but miR-155 was highly expressed in H520 cells when compared to BEAS-2B cells (P<0.05). Compared with the negative control group, the expression levels of the gene of lncRNA miR143HG, the gene and protein of Wnt, as well as the gene and protein of β-Catenin were significantly increased, while the gene expression of miR-155, the ability of cell proliferation, cell migration, and cell invasion were significantly reduced, but the cell apoptosis rate was dominantly elevated in cells of lncRNA miR143HG group (P<0.05). In addition, compared with the lncRNA miR143HG group, overexpression of miR-155 could reverse the biological behavior mediated by lncRNA miR143HG, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LncRNA miR143HG was of great significance for the biological behavior of H520 cells. LncRNA miR143HG inhibited the ability of proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as enhanced the apoptosis of H520 cells by downregulating miR-155 expression, which may be related to the Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.
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Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Lung/pathology , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 56-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969806

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) gene on the proliferation, migration, apoptosis and immune escape of endometrial cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Endometrial cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma who underwent total or partial hysterectomy in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were collected. The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method, Transwell method, flow cytometry, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to explore the target relationship between UCA1 and miR-204-5p. HEC-1A-sh-NC or HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells were co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or cytokine-induced killer cells in vitro to explore the role of UCA1 in immune escape. Results: The expression level of UCA1 in endometrial cancer tissue (17.08±0.84) was higher than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (3.00±0.37), and the expression level of miR-204-5p (0.98±0.16) was lower than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (2.00±0.20, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression of miR-204-5p was negatively correlated with the expression of UCA1 (r=-0.330, P=0.030). The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage of endometrial cancer, lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (P<0.05). The relative ratio of absorbance (0.58±0.11) and the number of cell migration [(199.68±18.44)] in the sh-UCA1 group were lower than those in the sh-NC group (1.24±0.17 and 374.76±24.83), respectively. The apoptosis rate of sh-UCA1 group [(28.64±7.80)%] was higher than that of sh-NC group [(14.27±4.38)%, P<0.05]. After different ratios of effector cells and target cells were cultured, the cell survival rate of HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group was lower than that of HEC-1A-sh-NC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). UCA1 had a binding site for miR-204-5p. The relative ratio of absorbance (1.74±0.08) and the number of cell migration (426.00±18.00) cells in the UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group were higher than those in the control group [1.00±0.03 and (284.00±8.00) cells, respectively]. The apoptosis rate of UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group [(5.42±0.93)%] was lower than that of control group [(14.82±1.48)%, P<0.05]. HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells could induce higher interferon gamma (IFN-γ) expression when co-cultured with PBMC, and the levels of IFN-γ expression in PHA group and PHA+ pre-miR-204-5p group cells were 2.42±0.49 and 1.88±0.26, which were higher than that in the PHA+ pre-NC group (0.85±0.10, P<0.05). When co-cultured with cytokine-induced killer cells (different ratios) in vitro, the HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group and the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group had lower survival rates than that in the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group. In the HEC-1A-pre-NC group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: UCA1/miR-204-5p may play an important role in human endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Antagomirs , Cell Line, Tumor , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Cell Proliferation , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
17.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 139-147, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct a prognosis risk model based on long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) related to cuproptosis and to evaluate its application in assessing prognosis risk of bladder cancer patients.@*METHODS@#RNA sequence data and clinical data of bladder cancer patients were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. The correlation between lncRNAs related to cuproptosis and bladder cancer prognosis was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis, univariate Cox regression, Lasso regression, and multivariate Cox regression. Then a cuproptosis-related lncRNA prognostic risk scoring equation was constructed. Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median risk score, and the immune cell abundance between the two groups were compared. The accuracy of the risk scoring equation was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and the application of the risk scoring equation in predicting 1, 3 and 5-year survival rates was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to screen for prognostic factors related to bladder cancer patients, and a prognostic risk assessment nomogram was constructed, the accuracy of which was evaluated with calibration curves.@*RESULTS@#A prognostic risk scoring equation for bladder cancer patients was constructed based on nine cuproptosis-related lncRNAs. Immune infiltration analysis showed that the abundances of M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, M2 macrophages, resting mast cells and neutrophils in the high-risk group were significantly higher than those in the low-risk group, while the abundances of CD8+ T cells, helper T cells, regulatory T cells and plasma cells in the low-risk group were significantly higher than those in the high-risk group (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the total survival and progression-free survival of the low-risk group were longer than those of the high-risk group (both P<0.01). Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis showed that the risk score, age and tumor stage were independent factors for patient prognosis. The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the risk score in predicting 1, 3 and 5-year survival was 0.716, 0.697 and 0.717, respectively. When combined with age and tumor stage, the AUC for predicting 1-year prognosis increased to 0.725. The prognostic risk assessment nomogram for bladder cancer patients constructed based on patient age, tumor stage, and risk score had a prediction value that was consistent with the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A bladder cancer patient prognosis risk assessment model based on cuproptosis-related lncRNA has been successfully constructed in this study. The model can predict the prognosis of bladder cancer patients and their immune infiltration status, which may also provide a reference for tumor immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Copper , Apoptosis
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 1136-1151, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Exosomal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are the key to diagnosing and treating various diseases. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of plasma exosomal lncRNAs in white matter hyperintensities (WMH).@*METHODS@#We used high-throughput sequencing to determine the differential expression (DE) profiles of lncRNAs in plasma exosomes from WMH patients and controls. The sequencing results were verified in a validation cohort using qRT-PCR. The diagnostic potential of candidate exosomal lncRNAs was proven by binary logistic analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The diagnostic value of DE exo-lncRNAs was determined by the area under the curve (AUC). The WMH group was then divided into subgroups according to the Fazekas scale and white matter lesion site, and the correlation of DE exo-lncRNAs in the subgroup was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In our results, four DE exo-lncRNAs were identified, and ROC curve analysis revealed that exo-lnc_011797 and exo-lnc_004326 exhibited diagnostic efficacy for WMH. Furthermore, WMH subgroup analysis showed exo-lnc_011797 expression was significantly increased in Fazekas 3 patients and was significantly elevated in patients with paraventricular matter hyperintensities.@*CONCLUSION@#Plasma exosomal lncRNAs have potential diagnostic value in WMH. Moreover, exo-lnc_011797 is considered to be a predictor of the severity and location of WMH.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , White Matter , Area Under Curve , Exosomes/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 743-755, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007847

ABSTRACT

This review aims to sum up how Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) regulate the development of periodontitis and provides a new perspective for understanding the pathogenesis of periodontitis. We explored the ncRNA's dual role in the development of periodontitis by summarizing evidence from previous in vivo and in vitro studies as well as clinical samples. In our review, the downregulation of 18 miRNAs, 22 lncRNAs and 10 circRNAs demonstrates protective roles in periodontitis. In contrast, the expression of other 11 miRNAs, 7 lncRNAs and 6 circRNAs are upregulated in periodontitis, which promote the progression of periodontitis. These dysregulated ncRNAs exert their protective or destructive roles by mainly influencing cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis via cross-talking with various molecules or signaling pathways. Our findings suggested which and how ncRNAs promote or delay the progression of periodontitis, which may greatly contribute to diagnose and therapy development of periodontitis based on ncRNAs in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Circular , MicroRNAs , Periodontitis/genetics , Apoptosis
20.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 33-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010688

ABSTRACT

Orthodontically induced tooth root resorption (OIRR) is a serious complication during orthodontic treatment. Stimulating cementum repair is the fundamental approach for the treatment of OIRR. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) might be a potential therapeutic agent for OIRR, but its effects still lack direct evidence, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to explore the potential involvement of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in mediating the anabolic effects of intermittent PTH and contributing to cementum repair, as identifying lncRNA-disease associations can provide valuable insights for disease diagnosis and treatment. Here, we showed that intermittent PTH regulates cell proliferation and mineralization in immortalized murine cementoblast OCCM-30 via the regulation of the Wnt pathway. In vivo, daily administration of PTH is sufficient to accelerate root regeneration by locally inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Through RNA microarray analysis, lncRNA LITTIP (LGR6 intergenic transcript under intermittent PTH) is identified as a key regulator of cementogenesis under intermittent PTH. Chromatin isolation by RNA purification (ChIRP) and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays revealed that LITTIP binds to mRNA of leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 6 (LGR6) and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (HnRNPK) protein. Further co-transfection experiments confirmed that LITTIP plays a structural role in the formation of the LITTIP/Lgr6/HnRNPK complex. Moreover, LITTIP is able to promote the expression of LGR6 via the RNA-binding protein HnRNPK. Collectively, our results indicate that the intermittent PTH administration accelerates root regeneration via inhibiting Wnt pathway. The lncRNA LITTIP is identified to negatively regulate cementogenesis, which activates Wnt/β-catenin signaling via high expression of LGR6 promoted by HnRNPK.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Cementogenesis , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein K/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Parathyroid Hormone , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism
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