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1.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 31-37, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443856

ABSTRACT

A ressecção é o tratamento de escolha para tratamento do ameloblastoma, este que é o tumor odontogênico mais comuns, excluindo os odontomas. A desregulação de diversos genes no desenvolvimento de dentes pode desempenhar papel em sua histogênese. Alguns eventos adversos podem ocorrer durante seu tratamento pós-operatório. Recidivas ocorrem porque o ameloblastoma tende a se infiltrar entre o trabeculado ósseo esponjoso intacto na periferia do tumor antes que a reabsorção óssea se torne radiograficamente evidente. Consequentemente, a margem real do tumor sempre se estende além da sua imagem radiográfica ou da margem clínica. Deiscência de sutura é uma complicação que pode ocorrer no pós-operatório imediato na qual as bordas da ferida, que estão unidas por uma sutura, acabam se abrindo, aumentando o risco de infecção e dificultando assim a cicatrização. Fratura de placa de reconstrução é um evento possível de ocorrer em tratamentos de grandes defeitos. O estresse causado pela modelagem da placa durante a conformação da placa, além da ação muscular são uns dos fatores que pode fragilizar o metal da placa. Outras complicações podem ocorrer como: assimetrias, parestesia temporária e permanente do nervo alveolar inferior e deficiência estética e funcional. As descrições destes eventos na literatura ajudam aos clínicos conhecer e tentá-lo preveni-lo e com saber tratar... (AU)


Resection is the treatment of choice for treating ameloblastoma, which is the most common odontogenic tumor, excluding odontomas. The dysregulation of several genes in the development of teeth may play a role in their histogenesis. Some adverse events may occur during your postoperative treatment. Relapses occur because ameloblastoma tends to infiltrate between intact cancellous bone trabeculae at the pe riphery of the tumor before bone resorption becomes radiographi cally evident. Consequently, the actual tumor margin always extends beyond its radiographic image or clinical margin. Suture dehiscence is a complication that can occur in the immediate postoperative period in which the edges of the wound, which are joined by a suture, end up opening, increasing the risk of infection and thus hindering healing. Reconstruction plate fracture is a possible event to occur in large de fect treatments. The stress caused by the modeling of the plate during the formation of the plate, in addition to muscle action, are one of the factors that can weaken the plate metal. Other complications may occur, such as: asymmetries, temporary and permanent paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and aesthetic and functional deficiency. The descriptions of these events in the literature help clinicians to Resection is the treatment of choice for treating ameloblastoma, which is the most common odontogenic tumor, excluding odontomas. The dysregulation of several genes in the development of teeth may play a role in their histogenesis. Some adverse events may occur during your postoperative treatment. Relapses occur because ameloblastoma tends to infiltrate between intact cancellous bone trabeculae at the pe riphery of the tumor before bone resorption becomes radiographi cally evident. Consequently, the actual tumor margin always extends beyond its radiographic image or clinical margin. Suture dehiscence is a complication that can occur in the immediate postoperative period in which the edges of the wound, which are joined by a suture, end up opening, increasing the risk of infection and thus hindering healing. Reconstruction plate fracture is a possible event to occur in large de fect treatments. The stress caused by the modeling of the plate during the formation of the plate, in addition to muscle action, are one of the factors that can weaken the plate metal. Other complications may occur, such as: asymmetries, temporary and permanent paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and aesthetic and functional deficiency. The descriptions of these events in the literature help clinicians to know and try to prevent them and to know how to treat them... (AU)


La resección es el tratamiento de elección para tratar el ameloblastoma, que es el tumor odontogénico más común, excluyendo los odontomas. La desregulación de varios genes en el desarrollo de los dientes puede desempeñar un papel en su histogénesis. Algunos eventos adversos pueden ocurrir durante su tratamiento postoperatorio. Las recaídas ocurren porque el ameloblastoma tiende a infiltrarse entre las trabéculas del hueso esponjoso intacto en la periferia del tumor antes de que la reabsorción ósea sea evidente en las radiografías. En consecuencia, el margen tumoral real siempre se extiende más allá de su imagen radiográfica o margen clínico. La dehiscencia de sutura es una complicación que puede ocurrir en el postoperatorio inmediato en el que los bordes de la herida, que están unidos por una sutura, acaban abriéndose, aumentando el riesgo de infección y dificultando así la cicatrización. La fractura de la placa de reconstrucción es un evento posible que ocurre en los tratamientos de defectos grandes. Los esfuerzos que provoca el modelado de la placa durante la conformación de la placa, además de la acción muscular, son uno de los factores que pueden debilitar la placa metálica. Pueden presentarse otras complicaciones como: asimetrías, parestesias temporales y permanentes del nervio alveolar inferior y deficiencia estética y funcional. Las descripciones de estos eventos en la literatura ayudan a los clínicos a conocerlo y tratar de prevenirlo y saber cómo tratarlo... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Odontogenic Tumors
2.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 43-47, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443991

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de COG em sínfise mandibular, tratado com enucleação e osteotomia periférica. Relato de Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 58 anos de idade, foi encaminhada para avaliação de uma lesão mandibular, apresentando-se assintomática no momento da consulta. Foi observado um leve aumento de volume vestibular na região da sínfise mandibular, sem sensibilidade ao toque. Na tomografia foi observada imagem hipodensa, multiloculada, bem delimitada, na região de sínfise, próxima as raízes dentárias e a basilar mandibular, além de um dente incluso intralesional. Foi realizada biópsia incisional e exame histopatológico, através do qual foi estabelecido o diagnóstico de COG. Como forma de tratamento, o paciente foi submetido a enucleação com curetagem de toda lesão e a osteotomia periférica, além da remoção do dente incluso. Após um ano de acompanhamento, a paciente encontra-se livre de recorrências. Conclusão: Por fim, este caso destaca a importância de um tratamento eficaz de COG com a osteotomia periférica, considerando o tamanho da lesão, suas características e sua localização, a fim de reduzir suas chances de recidiva... (AU)


The aim of this article is to report a case of COG in mandibular symphysis, treated with enucleation and peripheral osteotomy. Case Report: A 58-yearold female patient was referred for evaluation of a mandibular lesion, instrument was asymptomatic at the time of consultation. An increase in vestibular volume was observed in the region of the mandibular symphysis, without sensitivity to touch. The tomography showed a hypodense, multiloculated, well-delimited image in the symphysis region, close to tooth roots and a mandibular basilar, in addition to an intralesional impacted tooth. An incisional biopsy and histopathological examination were performed, through which the diagnosis of COG was established. As a form of treatment, the patient underwent enucleation with curettage of the entire lesion and peripheral osteotomy, in addition to removal of the impacted tooth. After a year of follow-up, the patient is free from recurrences. Conclusion: Finally, this case highlights the importance of an effective treatment of COG with peripheral osteotomy, considering the size of the lesion, its characteristics and its location, in order to reduce its chances of recurrence... (AU)


El objetivo de este artículo es reportar un caso de COG en la sínfisis mandibular, tratado con enucleación y osteotomía periférica. Caso Clínico: Paciente femenino, de 58 años de edad, fue remitida para valoración de lesión mandibular, presentándose asintomática al momento de la consulta. Se observa ligero aumento de volumen vestibular en la región de la sínfisis mandibular, sin sensibilidad al tacto. En la tomografía se observó una imagen hipodensa, multiloculada, bien delimitada en la región de la sínfisis, próxima a las raíces dentarias y la base de la mandíbula, además de un diente intralesional. Se realizó biopsia incisional y examen histopatológico, a través del cual se estableció el diagnóstico de GOC. Como forma de tratamiento, el paciente fue sometido a enucleación con curetaje de toda la lesión y osteotomía periférica, además de extracción del diente impactado. Después de un año de seguimiento, un paciente está libre de recurrencias. Conclusión: Finalmente, este caso destaca la importancia de un tratamiento efectivo de la GOC con osteotomía periférica, considerando el tamaño de la lesión, sus características y su ubicación, para reducir sus posibilidades de recurrencia... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Jaw Cysts , Maxillary Osteotomy , Odontogenic Cysts
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 185-190, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521138

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anorectal fistulas are some of the commonest surgical proctologic disorders treated by surgeons. Despite the recent introduction of various sphincter preserving techniques, the search for the optimal operation continues. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of long-term healing for the endorectal advancement flap. Methods: A retrospective review of a single surgeon experience with the endorectal advancement flap for anorectal fistulas over an 18-year period. The impact of various patient and fistula related factors were analyzed for their impact on the primary endpoint of long-term fistula healing. Results: 87 patients underwent endorectal advancement flap (Male/Female 42.5/57.5%). Median age was 41 years. Sixty-nine patients (79.3%) had anal fistula while 18 patients had rectal fistula (20.7%). An anterior based fistula was noted in 45 patients (51.7%). The most common etiology was cryptoglandular disease (87.4%). The median operative time was 75minutes (range 36-250). Postoperative septic complications were noted in 4 patients (4.6%). Fistula healing was documented in 80 patients (93%). During a median follow-up of 4 months (range 1-38, 1 patient lost to follow-up), recurrence was noted in 8 patients (9.3%), yielding an overall long-term success rate of 83.7%. The long-term healing rate was higher in patients with fistulas from cryptoglandular etiology (86.6%) compared to fistulas from other etiologies (63.6%) [p = 0.027]. Conclusions: The endorectal advancement is associated with a high healing rate, a low postoperative septic complication rate, and infrequent risk for recurrence. Long-term healing without recurrence is achieved more frequently in patients with cryptoglandular etiology of the fistula compared to patients with non-cryptoglandular etiology. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 204-207, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521139

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Treatment of complex fistulas such as inter- or transsphincteric, recurrent, and high fistulae have high rate of recurrence or incontinence. Fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction might represent an effective and safe alternative to reduce rate of recurrence and incontinence. The aim of this study is to assess incontinence and recurrence after fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction for management of complex fistulas. Material and Methods: There were 60 patients with complex fistulae involving the sphincter, with 56 male and 4 female, mean age 40.6 years, operated by fistulectomy and primary sphincter repair over a period of 7 years. Patients were followed up for 6months for any complications, recurrence, and incontinence. Results: The majority of patients (50, 83.3%) had complete wound healing in 2 weeks, while 4 (6.6%) patients had hematoma and superficial wound dehiscence, which were managed conservatively and healed in 4 weeks. There was one recurrence. All patients had good continence postoperatively, except for mild fecal incontinence (FI, score 3), seen in 6 (10%) patients. However, all these patients regained continence within 6 weeks. Conclusions: Primary reconstruction of anal sphincter with fistulectomy is a safe option for complex fistula-in-ano. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence
5.
Rev. ADM ; 80(3): 151-159, mayo-jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518188

ABSTRACT

En 1827 el médico James William Cusack describió una lesión tumoral expansiva con características clínicas similares al ameloblastoma. Para el 2017 la Organización Mundial de la Salud lo clasificó como un tumor odontogénico benigno de origen epitelial. En la actualidad hemos aceptado la teoría de su etiología asociada con una mutación en el biomarcador BRAF-V600E, donde se presentan claras heterogeneidades extra/intratumorales en el metabolismo de la tumorogénesis; la mutación en BRAF genera cambios en la regulación de la odontogénesis, en conjunto con el gen CDC73 presente en el cromosoma 1 q25-q32, lo que produce un cambio en la proteína parafibromina que inhibe la proliferación celular durante el crecimiento y la división celular, esto afecta en conjunto al gen p53 y su homólogo p63 presentes en el cromosoma 17, por lo que se tiene como resultado la expresión de quistes y tumores dentales como el ameloblastoma. La presente obra muestra el caso clínico de un paciente femenino de 11 años de edad con aumento de volumen en la región submandibular izquierda de 7 × 4 cm, con seis años de evolución; de tal manera que fue diagnosticado con ameloblastoma uniquístico y tratado de forma conservadora mediante enucleación, posteriormente fue valorada anualmente hasta que la paciente cumplió los 18 años de edad (AU)


In 1827, physician James William Cusack described an expansive tumor lesion with clinical characteristics similar to ameloblastoma. For 2017, the World Health Organization classified it as a benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. Currently, we have accepted the theory of its etiology associated with a mutation in the BRAF-V600E biomarker, where there are clear extra/intratumoral heterogeneities in the metabolism of tumorigenesis; the BRAF mutation generates changes in the regulation of odontogenesis, together with the CDC73 gene present on chromosome 1 q25-q32, producing a change in the parafibromin protein that inhibits cell proliferation during cell growth and division, which together it affects the p53 gene and its p63 homolog is present on chromosome 17, resulting in the expression of dental cysts and tumors such as ameloblastoma. This work provides the clinical case of an 11-year-old patient with an increase in volume in the left submandibular region of 7 × 4 cm of 6 years of evolution. Being diagnosed as a unicistic ameloblastoma and treated conservatively by enucleation, it is subsequently evaluated annually until the patient reaches 18 years of age (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Ameloblastoma/surgery , Odontogenic Tumors/classification , Recurrence , Immunohistochemistry , Ameloblastoma/diagnosis , Ameloblastoma/genetics , Conservative Treatment/methods
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 68-74, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514425

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The management of complex anal fistulae remains a topical surgical problem. The choice and success of surgical management are based on the balance between healing and continence. Although porcine dermal collagen (Permacol Collagen Paste [PCP]- Covidien plc, Gosport, Hampshire, UK) represents a new generation of non-solid biomaterials, its results in anal fistulae are mixed. Methods: A multicenter observational retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with cryptoglandular anal fistula treated in four colorectal surgery units was performed between 2015 and 2020. Clinical cure of the fistula was the main outcome measure. Adverse events and alterations in anal continence were secondary outcomes. Results: The study included 119 patients (87 males, 71.1%), with a mean age of 53 years (IR 44-65). Most patients had complex (80.6%) and recurrent (91.6%) fistulae. With the first PCP treatment, the overall cure rate was 41.2% (49 patients) and 45.4% with the second treatment (5 out of 17 patients). The mean follow-up period was 17 months (IR 5-25). Healing was not affected by the location and type of fistula, the existence or not of a cavity, the number of tracts, or the administration of prophylactic antibiotics. After the PCP treatment, no patient in the series had worsening of continence. Morbidity affected 22.7% of the patients (27), with postoperative abscesses being the most frequent adverse event. There were no statistical differences between the four hospitals studied. Conclusions: Permacol collagen paste is a safe and easily reproducible therapy for complicated anal fistulae that has moderate efficacy. The overall success rate is slightly over 40%, with no detriment to fecal continence. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Collagen/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Recurrence , Swine , Health Profile , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(6): 319-324, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Reporting our experience of the management and treatment of Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) in a low-income country by describing patients characteristics and therapy with emphasis on conservative surgical excision and postoperative care as the cornerstone of treatment. Methods A retrospective cohort of women with histopathological diagnosis of IGM from 2014 to 2018 at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Lima, Peru. Patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment, management, postoperative care, and follow-up were analyzed. Results Thirty-eight patients with histopathological diagnosis of IGM were identified. Their average age was 35.9 years and 23 (60.5%) reported previous use of hormonal contraceptives. Nine (23.7%) patients had chronic mastitis with previous treatment. The time from the onset of symptoms to the first clinic consult was 5.1 months on average. Twenty-one (55.3%) patients had the lesion in the right breast, with a mean size of 6.9 cm. Conservative surgical excision was performed in all patients. Additionally, 86.8% required corticosteroids and 78.9% were treated with antibiotics. Complete remission was obtained at 141 days on average (range 44 to 292 days). Six (15.8%) women reported ipsilateral recurrence and 5 (13.2%), contralateral. The latency time was 25.5 months on average. Conclusion The conservative surgical treatment demonstrated and close follow-up made for a high cure rate, but with recurrence similar to that reported in the literature. Use of gloves is an alternative to manage post operative wounds in a low-income country. The most frequent adverse effect was breast surgical scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Recurrence , Breast Diseases , Breast Diseases/surgery , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis/therapy
8.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 59-63, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428914

ABSTRACT

La ptosis palpebral es una de las patologías más frecuentes en la consulta de oftalmología, tanto en urgencias como en el ámbito ambulatorio. El trauma del párpado superior puede provocar ptosis o retracción o una combinación de ambos. En este tipo de ptosis palpebral, su resolución mediante tratamiento quirúrgico, existiendo múltiples alternativas de procedimientos que se decidirá de acuerdo con la causas que las originan, así como la severidad de la ptosis. En este trabajo es a propósito de un caso clínico en el cual nos encontramos una paciente con ptosis palpebral traumática recidivante, utilizándose suspensión frontal con aponeurosis de músculo temporal, realizándose una variación de la técnica de Crawford disminuyendo la probabilidad de nueva recidiva


Palpebral ptosis is one of the most frequent pathologies in the ophthalmology consultation, both in the emergency room and in the outpatient setting Trauma to the upper eyelid can cause ptosis or retraction or a combination of both. In this type of eyelid ptosis its resolution by surgical treatment, there are multiple alternatives of procedures that will be decided according to the causes that originate them, as well as the severity of the ptosis, in this work is about a clinical case in which we find a patient with Recurrent Traumatic Palpebral Ptosis, using frontal suspension with aponeurosis of temporal muscle, performing a variation of the Crawford Technique decreasing the probability of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/pathology , Recurrence
9.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(1): 6-13, ene.-mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429568

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El espectro de trastornos de neuromielitis óptica (NMOSD) es un grupo de enfermedades desmielinizantes, inflamatorias y autoinmunes, caracterizadas por episodios recurrentes de neuritis óptica y mielitis transversa longitudinal extensa, entre otras manifestaciones clínicas. Su tratamiento crónico se basa en el uso de terapias inmunosupresoras como azatioprina (AZA), micofenolato mofetilo (MFM) o rituximab (RTX). El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar un análisis comparativo de la respuesta al tratamiento con AZA o RTX. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, en el cual se incluyeron inicialmente 69 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de NMOSD. Tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión 59 pacientes fueron incluidos en el análisis final. RESULTADOS: En el grupo de RTX se evidenció una mejoría importante en el estado funcional en comparación con el grupo de AZA, en el que se vio un empeoramiento de este al año de seguimiento. El perfil de seguridad fue similar entre ambos grupos, con una adherencia significativamente superior en el grupo de RTX. DISCUSIÓN: Los hallazgos del presente estudio respecto a las ventajas del uso de RTX sobre AZA se encuentran en concordancia con resultados de estudios previos reportados en la literatura. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados respaldan el uso de RTX sobre AZA como terapia de mantenimiento para pacientes con NMOSD, al estar asociado principalmente con una mejoría notable en la funcionalidad de los pacientes, al igual que una mayor adherencia al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) is a group of inflammatory, autoimmune, and demyelinating disorders. Its hallmark behavior is characterized by recurrent episodes of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, among other clinical manifestations. Chronic therapy is based primarily in immunosuppressive therapies such as azathioprine (AZA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or rituximab (RTX). The goal of this study is to perform a comparative analysis of response rates to chronic treatment with either AZA or RTX. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational analytic study was designed with an initial cohort of 69 patients with a diagnosis of NMOSD. After application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria a total of 59 patients were finally included in the analysis. RESULTS: The RTX group had an improved functional status when compared to the AZA group; in the latter this feature worsened after a one-year follow-up. There was also a comparable safety profile between the two groups with a significantly greater adherence to RTX regimes. DISCUSSION: The findings of the current study as to the benefits of RTX in comparison to AZA are similar to the results of previous studies. CONCLUSION: These results favor the use of RTX as maintenance treatment of NMOSD, because of its greater benefit mainly in the improvement in functional status of patients, as well as a greater adherence to treatment.


Subject(s)
Azathioprine , Rituximab , Recurrence , Neuromyelitis Optica
10.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236613, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1416683

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as medidas de autocuidado para prevenção de recidiva de úlceras venosas nos diversos cenários de atenção à saúde. MÉTODO: Protocolo de revisão de escopo, tendo como pergunta de pesquisa: quais as medidas de autocuidado para prevenção de recidiva de úlceras venosas nos diversos cenários de atenção à saúde? Serão utilizados como bases de dados: Banco de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE (via PUBMED), SCIELO, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, EMBASE e Web of Science, além da literatura cinzenta. O processo de busca, a avaliação, seleção e extração de dados serão realizados por pares cegados e, em caso de divergência, um terceiro revisor será consultado. Os resultados serão apresentados na íntegra, em formato de narrativa e diagramas de fluxo, de forma a se alinhar à questão de pesquisa proposta. Protocolo registrado na Open Science Framework (OSF): osf.io/y7ckp.


OBJECTIVE: To map self-care measures to prevent venous ulcer recurrence in different healthcare settings. METHOD: Scoping review protocol, with the following research question: What are the self-care measures to prevent the recurrence of venous ulcers in different healthcare settings? The following databases will be used: Nursing Database (BDENF), CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE (via PUBMED), SCIELO, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science, in addition to the grey literature. Blinded peers will carry out the search process, evaluation, selection, and data extraction, and in case of disagreement, a third reviewer will be consulted. The results will be presented in narrative format and using flow diagrams aligned with the proposed research question. The protocol was registered in the Open Science Framework (OSF): osf.io/y7ckp.


Subject(s)
Recurrence , Self Care , Varicose Ulcer/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care
11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 511-530, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417859

ABSTRACT

No fim de 2019 iniciou-se uma das maiores crises da saúde pública global em Wuhan, China. Essa emergência foi o aparecimento do SARS-CoV-2 e da doença COVID-19, uma síndrome respiratória aguda de alta transmissibilidade. A declaração da pandemia pela OMS em março de 2020 fez com que o mundo tomasse diversas medidas para o combate e contenção da doença. Inicialmente o isolamento social e lockdown foram as principais iniciativas, já que não havia formas de tratamento ou prevenção da doença. Essas medidas restritivas geraram uma mudança de hábito da população que deflagrou sérios comprometimentos físicos e psicológicos. Uma das consequências foi o aumento do uso de substâncias de abuso e, consequentemente, do transtornos por uso de substâncias, dentre elas o tabaco. Durante a pandemia o consumo de cigarro aumentou de 10 a 30% no mundo, o tabagismo é a principal causa de morte evitável e fator de risco para diversas doenças. Conjuntamente ao álcool, a nicotina têm um poder aditivo superior a muitas drogas ilícitas. A combinação dos transtornos por uso de substâncias e a COVID-19 acabam por ter um efeito sinérgico, dessa forma, buscamos integrar aspectos neuroquímicos, cognitivos e comportamentais que levaram ao aumento do consumo e/ou recaída nicotina e a terapêutica utilizada.


One of the biggest global public health crisis began in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. That emergency was the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19, a highly transmissible acute respiratory syndrome. The pandemic declaration by the WHO in March 2020 caused the world to take on several measures to combat and contain the virus. Initially, social isolation and lockdown were the main initiatives, as there were no forms of treatment or prevention of the disease. These restrictive measures generate a change in the habit of the population that triggered serious physical and psychological impairments. One of the consequences was the increase in the use of substances of abuse and, consequently, substance use disorder, including tobacco. During the pandemic, cigarette consumption increased from 10 to 30% worldwide, whereas smoking is the main cause of preventable death and a risk factor for several diseases. Along with alcohol, nicotine has a greater addictive power than illicit drugs. Substance use disorders and COVID-19 have a synergistic effect, in this way, we seek to integrate neurochemical, cognitive and behavioral aspects that led to increased consumption and/or relapse in nicotine consumption and the used therapy.


Una de las mayores crisis mundiales de salud pública comenzó en Wuhan (China) a finales de 2019. Esa emergencia fue la aparición del SARS-CoV-2 y la enfermedad COVID-19, un síndrome respiratorio agudo altamente transmisible. La declaración de pandemia por parte de la OMS en marzo de 2020 hizo que el mundo adoptara varias medidas para combatir y contener el virus. Inicialmente, el aislamiento social y el encierro fueron las principales iniciativas, ya que no existían formas de tratamiento o prevención de la enfermedad. Estas medidas restrictivas generaron un cambio en los hábitos de la población que desencadenó graves alteraciones físicas y psicológicas. Una de las consecuencias fue el aumento del consumo de sustancias de abuso y, en consecuencia, el trastorno por consumo de sustancias, incluido el tabaco. Durante la pandemia, el consumo de cigarrillos aumentó del 10 al 30% en todo el mundo, mientras que el tabaquismo es la principal causa de muerte evitable y un factor de riesgo de varias enfermedades. Junto con el alcohol, la nicotina tiene un mayor poder adictivo que las drogas ilícitas. Los trastornos por uso de sustancias y la COVID-19 tienen un efecto sinérgico, de esta manera, buscamos integrar los aspectos neuroquímicos, cognitivos y conductuales que llevaron al aumento del consumo y/o recaída en el consumo de nicotina y la terapia utilizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Pandemics/history , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anxiety , Recurrence , Epidemiology , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Varenicline/therapeutic use , Psychological Distress
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1427226

ABSTRACT

El método Ponseti se ha convertido en el patrón de referencia para el tratamiento del pie bot, con excelentes resultados funcionales en el seguimiento a largo plazo. El cumplimiento del protocolo de férula es fundamental para mantener la corrección obtenida y el éxito terapéutico a largo plazo. Existen múltiples férulas para mantener la corrección y prevenir la recurrencia. En este artículo, proporcionamos una revisión de las férulas utilizadas para el pie bot, y analizamos sus ventajas y desventajas, así como la evi-dencia sobre cada una. Nivel de evidencia: V


The Ponseti method has become the gold standard for the treatment of clubfoot, with excellent long-term functional outcomes. Adherence to the bracing protocol is essential for the long-term success of the treatment. Currently, there are multiple braces that can be used to prevent relapse. In this article, we provide a review of clubfoot braces, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the current evidence on each of them. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Recurrence , Clubfoot , Foot Orthoses
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 24-29, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430694

ABSTRACT

Background: The ligation of intersphincteric fistula fract (LIFT) technique avoids postoperative anal continence disturbances and preserves quality of life. Methods: A total of 70 patients with anal fistula (AF) were treated in the Day Surgery Unit. The LIFT technique was the primary treatment in 63 patients. The other had previously undergone placement of a loose seton (two-step approach). The mean follow-up was 66.8 months. Statistical analysis was performed using contingency tables, the chi-square test, and the Student T-test. Results: The use of LIFT was successful in 40 patients (57.1%). However, 6 patients (8.6%) presented persistence of postoperative intersphincteric fistula, being successfully treated by fistulotomy. There were no differences in this technique's success rate between high and low AF (p = 0.45). The success rate of one-step LIFT, however, was significantly higher (p = 0.03). No disturbances of continence were observed. Conclusions: The LIFT technique has a role in the treatment of AF, is suitable for ambulatory surgery, and has a low complications rate. A two-step approach is not always needed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Follow-Up Studies , Fecal Incontinence/prevention & control
15.
San Salvador; s.n; 2023. 46 p.
Thesis in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1425838

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar cuáles son los factores de riesgo mayormente relacionados a cirugia de emergencia por hernia inguinal en pacientes que acuden al Hospital Militar Central de enero 2020 a julio 2022. Métodos: Estudio analítico, observacional retrospectivo, transversal y cuantitativo. En cuanto a los datos del manejo quirurgico de hernia inguinal, fueron obtenidos de las historias clínicas y recopiladas en una base de datos del sistema interno de gestion Hospitalaria del Hospital Militar central. Se relacionaron estadisticas descriptivas como porcentajes, promedios y tablas de frecuencias. Resultados: En el Hospital Militar Central se establece una edad de frecuencia de hernia inguinal de 60 - 79 años se presentan en 34% se establece que existe cirugia de emergencia por hernia inguinal, de los 50 - 79 años en principalmente.Con respecto a la variable sexo se observo que el femenino representan el 10% y los masculinos se establecen en 90% de ellos que presentan el diagnostico de hernia inguinal.Los pacientes que presentan antecedentes de enfermedad pulmonar crónica está presente en el 9% , como factor de riesgo de tabaqiuismo se establecio que se encuentra presente en el 67% de los pacientes que se incluyeron en este estudio, dentro de los cuales 80% fueron intervenidos de emergencia para hernioplastia y un 20% fueron intervenidos quirurgicamente de manera electiva.


Objective: To determine which are the risk factors mostly related to emergency surgery for inguinal hernia in patients who attend the central military hospital from January 2020 to July 2022. Methods: Analytical, observational, retrospective, cross-sectional and quantitative study. Regarding the data on the surgical management of inguinal hernia, they were obtained from the medical records and compiled in a database of the internal hospital management system of the central military hospital. For the descriptive analyzes we worked with percentages, means and frequency tables, the associations with Pearson's chi square. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated as a scale of strength of association. Results. In the central military hospital, an age frequency of inguinal hernia of x0 - x0 years is established, they are presented in % and patients with 61 - 70 years are present in 54.5% of them, it is established that there is emergency surgery for inguinal hernia, of the 50 - 60 years in mainly With respect to the sex variable, it was observed that the female represent the % and the male are established in % of them that present the diagnosis of inguinal hernia Patients with a history of chronic lung disease is present in the %, as a risk factor for smoking it was established that it is present in the % of the patients included in this study, in addition to the occupational situation of mainly high-ranking personnel. of %, within which % underwent emergency surgery for hernioplasty and % underwent elective surgery.


Subject(s)
Hernia, Inguinal , Recurrence , Risk Factors
16.
Hepatología ; 4(1): 37-57, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1415974

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La enfermedad hepática inducida por uso de alcohol se ha considerado una enferme-dad autoinfligida que limitaba el acceso al trasplante. Actualmente es una de las principales indicacio-nes de trasplante hepático en Colombia y el mundo, con excelente sobrevida. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo observacional donde se realizó una caracterización de los pacientes con trasplante hepá-tico por hepatopatía alcohólica en una institución de cuarto nivel, que incluyó un estudio cualitativo de la recaída en el consumo de alcohol postrasplante. Resultados. De 87 pacientes de una cohorte inicial de 96 pacientes trasplantados entre 2003 y 2021, se describieron características sociodemo-gráficas, comorbilidades previas y adquiridas posterior al trasplante, supervivencia del paciente y del injerto, y factores de riesgo asociados al consumo de alcohol. Adicionalmente, a 65 pacientes se les pudo realizar una entrevista estructurada para evaluar la recaída en el consumo de alcohol, 41,53 % volvieron a consumir alcohol; 23,07 % en patrón de riesgo de recaída y 18,46 % en patrón de slip (desliz). El antecedente de hepatitis alcohólica tuvo un RR de 3,273 (1,464­7,314) y p=0,007 para recaída en el consumo de alcohol, y la comorbilidad psiquiátrica un RR de 2,395 (1,002­5,722) y p=0,047. Finalmente, haber presentado al menos una recaída postrasplante tuvo un RR de 5,556 (1,499­20,588) con p=0,005 para rechazo del injerto. Conclusiones. La recaída en el consumo de alcohol fue frecuente, la hepatitis alcohólica previa y la comorbilidad psiquiátrica son factores de riesgo asociados. La recaída se asoció a rechazo del injerto sin afectar la sobrevida del paciente.


Introduction. Alcohol-induced liver disease has been considered a self-inflicted disease that limited access to transplantation. It is currently one of the main indications for liver transplantation in Colom-bia and the world, with excellent survival. Methodology. Observational descriptive study where a characterization of liver transplant patients due to alcoholic liver disease was carried out in a fourth level institution, which included a qualitative study of relapse in post-transplant alcohol consumption. Results. Of 87 patients from an initial cohort of 96 transplant patients between 2003 and 2021, sociodemographic characteristics, previous and acquired post-transplant comorbidities, patient and graft survival, and risk factors associated with alcohol consumption were described. Additionally, 65 patients were able to undergo a structured interview to assess relapse in alcohol consumption, 41.53% returned to alcohol consumption; 23.07% in risk relapse pattern, and 18.46% in slip pattern. The history of alcoholic hepatitis had a RR of 3.273 (1.464-7.314) and a p=0.007 for relapse in alcohol consumption, and psychiatric comorbidity a RR of 2.395 (1.002-5.722) and a p=0.047. Finally, having presented at least one post-transplant relapse had a RR of 5.556 (1.499-20.588) with ap=0.005 for graft rejection. Conclusions. Relapse in alcohol consumption was fre-quent, previous alcoholic hepatitis and psychiatric comorbidity were associated risk factors. Relapse was associated with graft rejection without affecting patient survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrence , Alcohol Drinking , Liver Transplantation , Liver Cirrhosis
17.
In. Serra Sansone, María del Pilar; Vitureira Liard, Gerardo José; Pereda Domínguez, Jimena; Medina Romero, Gonzalo Alexander; Rodríguez Rey, Marianela Ivonne; Blanc Reynoso, Agustina; Santos, Karina de los; Morán, Rosario; Sotelo, Débora; Barreiro, Carolina. Diabetes y embarazo. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.249-255, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1419163
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(4): 201-206, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449723

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate recurrence rates and risk factors among women with stage IA1 cervical cancer without lymph vascular space invasion managed conservatively. Methods: retrospective review of women with stage IA1 squamous cervical cancer who underwent cold knife cone or loop electrosurgical excision procedure, between 1994 and 2015, at a gynecologic oncology center in Southern Brazil. Age at diagnosis, pre-conization findings, conization method, margin status, residual disease, recurrence and survival rates were collected and analyzed. Results: 26 women diagnosed with stage IA1 squamous cervical cancer without lymphovascular space invasion underwent conservative management and had at least 12 months follow-up. The mean follow-up was 44.6 months. The mean age at diagnosis was 40.9 years. Median first intercourse occurred at age 16 years, 11.5% were nulliparous and 30.8% were current or past tobacco smokers. There was one Human immunodeficiency virus positive patient diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 at 30 months after surgery. However, there were no patients diagnosed with recurrent invasive cervical cancer and there were no deaths due to cervical cancer or other causes in the cohort. Conclusion: Excellent outcomes were noted in women with stage IA1 cervical cancer without lymphovascular space invasion and with negative margins who were managed conservatively, even in a developing country.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar recidiva e seus fatores de risco em mulheres com câncer do colo do útero estádio IA1 sem invasão do espaço linfovascular tratadas conservadoramente. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes com câncer do colo do útero IA1 escamoso submetidas a cone do colo do útero, entre 1994 e 2015, em um centro de ginecologia oncológica do sul do Brasil. Foram revisados e analisados idade no diagnóstico, achados pré-conização, método de conização, margens, doença residual, recorrência e sobrevida. Resultados: 26 mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer do colo do útero estádio escamoso sem invasão do espaço linfovascular foram submetidas a tratamento conservador, com seguimento mínimo de 12 meses. O tempo médio de seguimento foi 44,6 meses. A média de idade no diagnóstico foi 40,9 anos. A primeira relação sexual ocorreu aos 16 anos (mediana), 11,5% eram nulíparas e 30,8% eram tabagistas atuais ou passadas. Houve um caso de recidiva de neoplasia intraepitelial cervical grau 2 aos 30 meses em uma paciente com vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Não houve pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de colo do útero invasor recorrente, e não houve mortes por câncer do colo do útero ou outras causas. Conclusão: Os resultados observados após tratamento conservador em mulheres com câncer cervical escamoso IA1 sem invasão do espaço linfovascular com margens negativas foram excelentes, mesmo em um país em desenvolvimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Recurrence , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Conization , Conservative Treatment
19.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(3): 73-82, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517019

ABSTRACT

Las sibilancias recurrentes del preescolar son un problema prevalente. 50% de todos los niños tiene al menos un episodio de sibilancias en los primeros 6 años. Sin embargo, solo 4 % de los menores de 4 años tiene diagnóstico de asma. Por este motivo es fundamental realizar una adecuada anamnesis y examen físico tendientes a descartar causas secundarias, lo que debe ser complementado con exámenes de laboratorio de acuerdo con la orientación clínica. En la actualidad se recomienda indicar tratamiento de mantención con corticoides inhalados en aquellos niños que tengan episodios repetidos de obstrucción bronquial y que tengan una alta probabilidad de respuesta favorable a esta terapia. Se ha demostrado que aquellos pacientes que tienen un recuento de eosinófilos en sangre > 300 células por mm3 o aquellos que presentan una prueba cutánea positiva o IgE específicas positivas para alérgenos inhalados, responderán adecuadamente al tratamiento con esteroides inhalados.


Recurrent wheezing in preschoolers has a high prevalence. 50% of all children have at least one wheezing episode in the first six years of life. However, only 4% of children under four years of age are diagnosed with asthma. Therefore, it is essential to carry out an adequate medical history and physical examination to rule out secondary causes, which must be complemented with laboratory tests in accordance with clinical guidance. It is recommended to indicate maintenance treatment with inhaled corticosteroids to those children who have repeated episodes of wheezing and who have a high probability of a good response to this therapy. It has been demonstrated that those patients who have blood eosinophil count > 300 cells per mm3 or those who have a positive skin test or positive specific IgE for inhaled allergens will have a good response to inhaled corticosteroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/therapy , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Phenotype , Recurrence , Administration, Inhalation , Immunoglobulin E , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Eosinophils
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 472-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984646

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the early effect and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) . Methods: From April 2021 to May 2022, 31 AML/MDS patients who received allo-HSCT with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen were analyzed. Results: AML (n=10), MDS-AML (n=6), CMML-AML (n=1), and MDS (n=14) were identified in 31 patients, 16 males, and 15 females, with a median age of 41 (20-55) yr. Neutrophils and platelets were successfully implanted in 31 patients (100%), with a median implantation duration of 12 (9-30) and 14 (9-42) days, respectively. During the preconditioning period, 16 patients (51.6%) developed oral mucositis, with 15 cases of Ⅰ/Ⅱ grade (48.4%) and one case of Ⅲ grade (3.2%). After transplantation, 13 patients (41.9%) developed CMV viremia, six patients (19.4%) developed hemorrhagic cystitis, and four patients (12.9%) developed a local infection. The median time of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) following transplantation was 33 (12-111) days. The cumulative incidence of aGVHD and Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade aGVHD was 41.9% (95% CI 26.9%-61.0%) and 22.9% (95% CI 13.5%-47.5%), respectively. There was no severe cGVHD, and mild and moderate chronic GVHD (cGVHD) incidence was 23.5% (95% CI 12.1%-43.6%). As of November 30, 2022, only one of the 31 patients had relapsed, with a 1-yr cumulative relapse rate (CIR) of 3.2% (95% CI 0.5%-20.7%). There was only one relapse patient death and no non-relapse deaths. The 1-yr overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 92.9% (95% CI 80.3%-100%) and 96.8% (95% CI 90.8%-100%), respectively. Conclusions: A 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen for allo-HSCT reduced relapse and was safe and feasible in treating AML/MDS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Decitabine , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
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