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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 147-153, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528828

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The handgrip strength is used as a means of individual's health prediction during life. It is used as an indicator of the nutrition status, bone fragility, presence of sarcopenia and it correlates with certain diseases and clinical complications. The research goal was to analyze the results of the hand dynamometry test, based on the chronological and biological age, and to offer normative and referent standards about children and adolescents from the Republic of North Macedonia. The study was conducted on a sample of 4031 respondents of both sexes at the age 6-14 years. In order to achieve the research goals, the measured characteristics were of the weight, height, sitting height and handgrip strength. The body mass index and biological maturity values (APHV) were obtained by using formulas. On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that statistically significant differences in handgrip strength are established between the boys and girls of all age categories. Also, statistically significant differences between boys and girls are established in the hand dynamometry test of all APHV levels. In general, the use of the APHV allows a better categorization of the performance of the studied children and adolescents. With boys, the correlation between the chronological age and test was 68 %, and with girls - 77 %. The normative referent standards of the hand dynamometry test are presented in percentiles for both sexes. Thye hand dynamometry test's results during childhood and adolescence should be analyzed and interpret on the basis of biological age, and not on the chronological age. These tools can help specialists who work with children and adolescents in ethnic and epidemiological context.


La fuerza de prensión se utiliza como medio para predecir la salud del individuo durante la vida. Se utiliza como indicador del estado nutricional, fragilidad ósea, presencia de sarcopenia y se correlaciona con determinadas enfermedades y complicaciones clínicas. El objetivo de la investigación fue analizar los resultados de la prueba de dinamometría manual, con base en la edad cronológica y biológica, y ofrecer estándares normativos y referentes sobre niños y adolescentes de la República de Macedonia del Norte. El estudio se realizó en una muestra de 4031 encuestados de ambos sexos con edades comprendidas entre 6 y 14 años. Para lograr los objetivos de la investigación, las características medidas fueron el peso, la altura, la altura al sentarse y la fuerza de prensión. El índice de masa corporal y los valores de madurez biológica (APHV) se obtuvieron mediante fórmulas. Sobre la base de los resultados obtenidos, se puede concluir que se establecen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la fuerza de prensión manual entre niños y niñas de todas las categorías de edad. Asimismo, se establecen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre niños y niñas en la prueba de dinamometría manual de todos los niveles APHV. En general, el uso del APHV permite una mejor categorización del desempeño de los niños y adolescentes estudiados. En los niños, la correlación entre la edad cronológica y la prueba fue del 68 %, y en las niñas, del 77 %. Los estándares normativos referentes de la prueba de dinamometría manual se presentan en percentiles para ambos sexos. Los resultados de la prueba de dinamometría manual durante la infancia y la adolescencia deben analizarse e interpretarse en función de la edad biológica y no de la edad cronológica. Estas herramientas pueden ayudar a los especialistas que trabajan con niños y adolescentes en un contexto étnico y epidemiológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Hand Strength , Pressure , Reference Standards , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Regression Analysis , Age Factors , Republic of North Macedonia , Manual Dynamometry
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240401, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537139

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the millimeter distances and active tip diameters of different periodontal probes. Methods: Two types of periodontal probes were analyzed (North Carolina (15-UNC) and PCP-12). Two manufacturers were selected for each probe type. Digital images of the probes were obtained and the distances were measured using a software program. The diameter of the active tip was measured using a digital caliper. Both variables were measured by two trained and calibrated examiners. The data were analyzed using the Bland-Altman method and two-way ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc test. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: A comparison of measurements between the 15UNC and PCP-12 probes showed a significant difference in all millimeter markings. The 15-UNC probe showed differences between the 3 and 12 mm markings. The PCP-12 probe only showed differences between the marks at the 12 mm mark. The 15-UNC probe had a similar active tip diameter between the two manufacturers. The PCP-12 probe showed a significant difference between the two manufacturers. Both types of probes had similar active tip diameters when compared by the two manufacturers. Conclusion: There was no standardization in relation to millimeter marks and tip diameters of the two types of periodontal probes produced by the two different manufacturers. The probe types exhibited little variability


Subject(s)
Periodontics , Reference Standards , Software , Periodontal Index
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(3): 457-463, jul.-set. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1515906

ABSTRACT

Esta nota de conjuntura tem o objetivo de evidenciar algumas questões importantes sobre como se configura o Sistema CEP/Conep e as implicações dessa regulação no campo das ciências humanas e sociais. Primeiro, explicito o que consiste esse sistema para, em seguida, esboçar as controvérsias provenientes desse controle, que tem como aspecto central, ser regido pelo que a análise do Estado e sua organização burocrática chamam de lógica cartorial


This note aims to highlight some important questions about the configuration of the CEP/CONEP System and the implications of this regulation in the field of human and social sciences. First, I will explain what is this system, and then I will outline the controversies resulting from this control, which has as central aspect, to be governed by the so-called notarial logic, according to the analysis of the State and its bureaucratic organization


Esta nota de coyuntura tiene como objetivo poner en evidencia algunas cuestiones importantes sobre como es configurado el Sistema CEP/CONEP y las implicaciones de esta normativa para el campo de las ciencias humanas y sociales. Primero explicaré en que consiste ese sistema y, en seguida, esbozaré las controversias que surgen de ese control, que tiene como aspecto central ser regido por lo que el análisis del Estado y su organización burocrática denominan lógica notarial


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethics Committees , Ethics , Reference Standards , Research , Brazil , Ethics, Research
4.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 172-180, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443724

ABSTRACT

Los intervalos de referencia (IR) dependen de la población y de las características metrológicas del procedimiento de medida utilizado. A pesar de las recomendaciones internacionales, son pocos los laboratorios que establecen sus propios IR para cada magnitud por la dificultad para conseguir voluntarios de referencia y el elevado costo económico asociado. La International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) acepta la adopción de IR bibliográficos o su cálculo por métodos indirectos dado su bajo costo y fácil obtención. Existen varias fuentes confiables de IR bibliográficos para el hemograma. No obstante, para el recuento plaquetario, es una práctica común de los laboratorios emplear el rango de valores de 150-450.109 /L independiente de la metodología utilizada y grupo etario. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar los IR bibliográficos disponibles para el recuento plaquetario y estimarlo empleando el método indirecto de Hoffmann a partir de nuestra población. Los métodos indirectos se basan en aplicar criterios de exclusión y cálculos matemáticos sobre los resultados de una base de datos de laboratorio. Nuestros IR para el recuento plaquetario se comparan con los bibliográficos, que han sido establecidos por técnicas de muestreo directo. Por este motivo y dado que no existen estudios poblacionales que lo avalen, sería apropiado reemplazar el rango de 150-450.109 / L. Estos límites podrían seguir empleándose como puntos de corte o niveles de decisión médica para definir, según la clínica y otros resultados de laboratorio, los pacientes que ameritan un seguimiento posterior (AU)


Reference ranges (RR) depend on the population and the metrological characteristics of the measurement procedure used. Despite international recommendations, few laboratories establish their own RRs for each magnitude because of the difficulty in obtaining reference volunteers and the associated high economic cost. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) accepts the use of literaturebased RRs or RRs calculated by indirect methods because of their low cost and easy collection. There are several reliable sources of literature-based RRs for the Cell Blood Count. However, for platelet count, it is common laboratory practice to use the range of 150-450,109 /L regardless of the methodology used and age group. The aim of this study was to review the available literature regarding RRs for platelet count and to establish it using the indirect Hoffmann method in our population. Indirect methods are based on applying exclusion criteria and mathematical calculations on the results of a laboratory database. Our RRs for platelet counts are compared with those in the literature, which have been established by direct sampling techniques. Therefore, and given that there are no population studies to support these findings, it would be appropriate to replace the 150-450,109 /L range. These limits may continue to be used as cut-off points or medical decision levels to define, according to clinical manifestations and other laboratory results, patients who warrant further follow-up (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Platelet Count/methods , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Laboratories, Hospital
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 183-190, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515208

ABSTRACT

La Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología (SOCHOG) y la Sociedad Chilena de Ultrasonido en Medicina y Biología (SOCHUMB) convocaron a un comité de expertos en el tema de ultrasonido y crecimiento fetal con el fin de proponer utilizar la curva fetal que mejor se adapte a la población chilena. Luego de la discusión, al no contar con curvas chilenas de crecimiento fetal, se concluye proponer que la curva estándar de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) sería la indicada dada la calidad de su metodología y por ser multicéntrica.


The Chilean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (SOCHOG) and the Chilean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (SOCHUMB) have convened a committee of experts on the subject of ultrasound and fetal growth in order to propose using the fetal curve that best adapts to the Chilean population. After the discussion, since there are no Chilean fetal growth curves, it is concluded that the World Health Organization (WHO) standard curve would be the one to use given the quality of its methodology and the fact that it is multicentric.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , World Health Organization , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/standards , Reference Standards , Chile , Fetal Weight , Consensus
8.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(1): 32-41, mar. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1427725

ABSTRACT

El suero lácteo y la moringa poseen alto valor nutricional; sin embargo, su uso en la elaboración de productos alimenticios es una alternativa viable pero poco utilizada. Objetivo. Elaborar una galleta fortificada por sustitución parcial de harina de moringa (HM) y polvo de suero lácteo (PSL). Materiales y métodos. Durante septiembre-diciembre 2021, se desarrollaron cuatro formulaciones con sustitución parcial de harina de trigo por HM y PSL (F0=100:0:0; F1=90:5:5; F2=80:10:10; F3=70:15:15). La aceptación del producto se determinó mediante una evaluación sensorial considerando los atributos sabor, olor, color, textura y aceptación general. Se realizó el análisis químico proximal a la HM, al PSL, a la formulación de mayor aceptación y a F0. Se compararon los distintos parámetros químico proximales y de aceptación mediante una anova de una vía, seguido de una prueba de comparación de medias de Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados. Conforme se incrementa el porcentaje de sustitución de harina de trigo por HM y PSL se obtiene menor aceptación de las galletas, siendo F1 la más aceptada. F1 registró un contenido proteico de 6,90±0,04%, significativamente mayor al observado en F0. Conclusiones. La buena aceptabilidad de F1 indica que la sustitución parcial por HM y PSL no influyen en su aceptación; además, F1 mostró un enriquecimiento de proteinas, lípidos y cenizas, así como contenido adecuado de humedad y carbohidratos(AU)


Introduction. Whey and moringa have high nutritional value; however, their use in the production of food products is a viable but rarely used alternative. Objective. To make a biscuit fortified by partial substitution of moringa flour (MF) and whey powder (WP). Materials and methods. During September-December 2021, four formulations were developed with different degrees of partial substitution of wheat flour for MF and WP (F0=100:0:0; F1=90:5:5; F2=80:10:10; F3=70:15:15). The acceptance of the product was determined through a sensory evaluation considering the attributes taste, odor, color, texture and general acceptance. A proximal chemical analysis was performed on the MF, WP, the most widely accepted formulation and F0. Proximal chemical parameters and acceptance attributes were compared using a one-way anova, followed by a Tukey mean comparison test (p<0.05). Results. As the percentage of substitution of wheat flour by MF and WP increases less acceptance of the biscuits is obtained, with F1 as the most accepted formulation. F1 registered a protein content of 6.90±0.04%, significantly higher than that observed in F0. Conclusions: The good acceptability of F1 indicates that the partial substitution of wheat flour for MF and WP do not influence its acceptance; in addition, F1, showed an enrichment of protein, lipid and ash, as well as adequate moisture and carbohydrate content(AU)


Subject(s)
Food, Fortified , Moringa oleifera , Cookies , Flour , Nutritive Value , Reference Standards , Carbohydrates , Ash , Malnutrition , Whey , Lipids
9.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 27: 1501, jan.-2023. Fig., Tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523812

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar tradução, adaptação cultural e validação do Instrumento de Autoavaliação em Diabetes para aplicação no contexto brasileiro. Métodos: estudo metodológico realizado com 132 profissionais, entre os anos de 2016 e 2018, em seis etapas: 1 - Tradução inicial; 2 - Síntese da tradução; 3 - Retrotradução (back translation); 4 - Avaliação pelo comitê de juízes; 5 - Adequação cultural (pré teste); e 6 - Reprodutibilidade. Houve participação de profissionais de equipes multiprofissionais envolvidas no tratamento do diabetes por meio da plataforma e-surv. Resultados: entre os participantes, predominaram o sexo feminino (73,5%), profissionais com especialização (pós-graduação Lato Sensu) (51,5%) e com experiência na assistência a pessoas com diabetes (84,4%). O Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC) foi satisfatório (0,850). O instrumento apresentou boa consistência interna (Alfa de Cronbach = 0,878). A análise de confiabilidade do instrumento, realizada pelo cálculo do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI), indicou concordância adequada em todas as medidas, 0,878 (IC 95%: 0,864 - 0,891), com Kappa Ponderado médio de 0,714 e índices acima de 0,60 em 85% os itens, mostrando boa concordância teste e reteste. Conclusão: a versão traduzida e culturalmente adaptada do Instrumento d e Autoavaliação em Diabetes apresentou boa confiabilidade, aceitabilidade e estabilidade temporal satisfatórias conforme os parâmetros internacionais, podendo ser utilizada, pelos profissionais da saúde, para autoavaliação em diabetes.(AU)


Objective: to carry out translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of the Diabetes Self-Report Instrument for application in the Brazilian context. Methods: methodological study carried out with 132 professionals, between 2016 and 2018, in six steps: 1 - Initial translation; 2 - Synthesis of the translation; 3 - Back translation; 4 - Evaluation by the judging committee; 5 - Cultural adequacy (pre-test); and 6 - Reability. There was participation of professionals from multidisciplinary teams involved in the treatment of diabetes through the e-surv platform. Results: among the participants, there was a predominance of females (73.5%), professionals with specialization (Lato sensu postgraduate degree) (51.5%) and with experience in caring for people with diabetes (84.4%). The Content Validity Index (CVI) was satisfactory (0.850). The instrument showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.878). The instrument's reliability analysis, carried out by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), indicated adequate agreement in all measurements, 0.878 (95% CI: 0.864 - 0.891), with mean weighted Kappa of 0.714 and indices above 0. 60 out of 85% of the items, showing good test-retest agreement. Conclusion: the translated and culturally adapted version of the Diabetes Self-report Instrument showed good reliability, acceptability, and satisfactory temporal stability according to international parameters, and can be used by healthcare professionals for self-report of diabetes.(AU)


Objetivo: realizar la traducción, adaptación cultural y validación de la Herramienta de Autoevaluación de Diabetes para aplicación en el contexto brasileño. Métodos: estudio metodológico realizado con 132 profesionales, entre 2016 y 2018, en seis etapas: 1 ­ Traducción inicial; 2 ­ Síntesis de la traducción; 3 ­ Traducción inversa; 4 ­ Evaluación por el comité de jueces; 5 ­ Adecuación cultural (pre-test); y 6 ­ Reproducibilidad. Se contó con la participación de profesionales de equipos multidisciplinarios...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Self-Testing , Reference Standards , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Health Personnel , Delivery of Health Care
10.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 105-120, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414928

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis configuram um problema de saúde pública grave, tendo a consulta de enfermagem baseada na abordagem sindrômica como mecanismo de mitigação. Objetivos: analisar o manejo das enfermeiras sobre abordagem sindrômica na atenção primária à saúde, apreender os conhecimentos das enfermeiras sobre abordagem sindrômica na atenção primária à saúde, caracterizar as estratégias de manejo das enfermeiras sobre abordagem sindrômica na atenção primária à saúde e conhecer os fluxos de atendimento da rede assistencial em saúde na abordagem sindrômica. Metodologia: Estudo qualitativo, exploratório e descritivo, realizado com oito enfermeiras das Unidades de Saúde da Família de um município no interior da Bahia- Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada através da entrevista semiestruturada, presencial ou remota via Google Meet e a análise utilizada foi a técnica de conteúdo temática proposta por Bardin. Principais Resultados: O conhecimento das enfermeiras mostrou-se incipiente sobre o tema, porém, as profissionais que tiveram curso sobre o tema demonstraram construção teórica na abordagem sindrômica. Identificou-se que as estratégias de manejo estão baseadas em práticas assistenciais e educacionais da enfermagem e encaminhamento médico. Por fim, notou-se a utilização da referência para serviços especializados em algumas patologias específica, contudo, há falha na contrarreferência. Conclusão: Diante disso, aponta-se a necessidade de educação permanente, bem como é essencial a padronização dos fluxos e melhoria do sistema de contrarreferência dos serviços da abordagem sindrômica na Atenção Primária à Saúde.


Introduction: Sexually Transmitted Infections constitute a serious public health problem, with the nursing consultation based on the syndromic approach as a mitigation mechanism. Objectives: to analyze nurses management of the syndromic approach in primary health care, learn nurses knowledge of the syndromic approach in primary health care, characterize nurses management strategies regarding the syndromic approach in primary health care, and learn about the service flows of the health care network in the syndromic approach. Methodology: Qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study, carried out with eight nurses from the Family Health Units of a municipality in the interior of Bahia-Brazil. Data collection was carried out through semi- structured, face-to-face or remote interviews via Google Meet and the analysis used was the thematic content technique proposed by Bardin. Main Results: The nurses' knowledge was incipient on the subject, however, the professionals who had taken a course on the subject demonstrated theoretical construction in the syndromic approach. It was identified that the management strategies are based on care and educational nursing practices and medical referral. Finally, the use of referrals to services specialized in some specific pathologies was noted, however, there is a failure in the counter-referral. Conclusion: In view of this, the need for permanent education is pointed out, as well as the standardization of flows and improvement of the counter-referral system of services of the syndromic approach in Primary Health Care.


Introducción: Las Infecciones Sexualmente Transmisibles constituyen un grave problema de salud pública, teniendo la consulta de enfermería basada en el abordaje sindrómico como mecanismo de mitigación. Objetivos: analizar el manejo de las enfermeras sobre el abordaje sindrómico en la atención primaria en salud, aprehender los conocimientos de las enfermeras sobre el abordaje sindrómico en la atención primaria en salud, caracterizar las estrategias de manejo de las enfermeras sobre el abordaje sindrómico en la atención primaria en salud y conocer los flujos de atención de la red asistencial en salud sobre el abordaje sindrómico. Metodologia: Estudo qualitativo, exploratório e descritivo, realizado com oito enfermeiras das Unidades de Saúde da Família de um município no interior da Bahia-Brasil. La recogida de datos se realizó mediante entrevista semiestructurada, presencial o a distancia a través de Google Meet y el análisis utilizado fue la técnica de contenido temático propuesta por Bardin. Resultados principales: El conocimiento de las enfermeras sobre el tema parece incipiente, aunque los profesionales que han recibido formación sobre el tema han demostrado una construcción teórica en el abordaje sindrómico. Se identificó que las estrategias de manejo se basan en prácticas asistenciales y educativas de enfermería y encaminamiento médico. Por último, se observó que el uso de la referencia para servicios especializados en algunas patologías específicas, sin embargo, ha fallado en la contrarreferencia. Conclusão: Diante isso, aponta-se a necessidade de educação permanente, bem como é essencial a padronização dos fluxos e melhoria do sistema de contrarreferência dos serviços da abordagem sindrômica na Atenção Primária à Saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care , Nurses , Reference Standards , Health Strategies , Education, Nursing
11.
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 41(1): 1-20, ene.-abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428064

ABSTRACT

The first aim of this study was to adapt the mdmq to Argentinian Spanish and to collect evidence of its va-lidity and reliability; the second was to determine if time perspectives were adequate predictors of decision-making styles. A first sample of 536 participants served in the validation process; a second sample of 209 individuals who completed the mdmq and the Brief Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ztpi) was used to conduct descriptive-correlational and regression analyses. Confirmatory factor analysis corroborated a fourfactor model with adequate internal consistency for each subscale. Regression analyses showed that future time perspective positively predicted the display of higher vigilant coping patterns ­adaptive and ratio-nal decision-making style­. Meanwhile, less future- time-oriented people were more likely to engage in defensive avoidance mechanisms to reach a decision. Past-negative and present-fatalistic time perspectives were positive predictors of non-vigilant decision-making style. It indicates that individuals with an aversive vision over their past experiences and present situation are more likely to engage in emotionally based and avoidant decision-making patterns. These findings support the reliability and construct-related validity of the mdmq for assessing decision-making styles among Argentinian individuals and set a step for con-ducting more in-depth research in the field of decision-making and time perspective.


El primer objetivo de este estudio fue adaptar el mdmq al español argentino y recolectar evidencia de su validez y confiabilidad; el segundo fue determinar si las perspectivas temporales eran predictores adecuados de los estilos de toma de decisiones. Una primera muestra de 536 participantes sirvió para el proceso de validación y una segunda muestra de 209 individuos completó el mdmq y el Brief Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ztpi), para un análisis descriptivo-correlacional y de regresión. El análisis factorial confirmatorio corroboró un modelo de cuatro factores con adecuada consistencia interna para cada subescala. Los análisis de regresión mostraron que la perspectiva del tiempo futuro predijo positivamente la aparición de patrones de afrontamiento más vigilantes ­estilo de toma de decisiones adaptativo y racional­, mientras que las personas que estaban menos orientadas al tiempo futuro tenían más probabilidades de involucrarse en mecanismos de evitación defensiva para tomar una decisión. Las perspectivas temporales negativas del pasado y fatalistas del presente fueron predictores positivos del estilo de toma de decisiones no vigilante, lo que indicaría que las personas con una visión aversiva sobre sus experiencias pasadas y la situación presente, son más propensas a involucrarse en tipos de toma de decisiones basadas en emociones y evasivas. Estos hallazgos respaldan la confiabilidad y la validez relacionada con el constructo del mdmq para evaluar los estilos de toma de decisiones entre los argentinos y marcan un paso para realizar investigaciones más profundas en el campo de la toma de decisiones y la perspectiva temporal.


O primeiro objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar o mdmqpara o espanhol argentino e coletar evidências de sua validade e confiabilidade; a segunda foi determinar se as perspectivas de tempo eram preditores adequados dos estilos de tomada de decisão. Uma primeira amostra de 536 participantes foi usada para o processo de va-lidação e uma segunda amostra de 209 indivíduos completarou o mdmq e o Brief Zimbardo Time Perspec-tive Inventory (ztpi) e foi usada para realizar análises descritivas-correlacionais e de regressão. A análise fatorial confirmatória corroborou um modelo de quatro fatores com consistência interna adequada para cada subescala. As análises de regressão mostraram que a perspectiva do tempo futuro previu positivamente o surgimento de padrões de enfrentamento mais vigilantes ­estilos de tomada de decisão racionais e adaptativos­ enquanto as pessoas menos orientadas para o futuro eram mais propensas a se envolver em mecanismos de enfrentamento de evasão defensiva para tomar uma decisão. Perspectivas temporais negativas do passado e fatalistas do presente foram preditores positivos do estilo de tomada de decisão não vigilante, indicando que pessoas com uma visão aversiva de suas experiências passadas e da situação presente são mais propensas a se envolver em tipos de tomada de decisão baseadas em emoções e padrões evasivos. Essas descobertas apoiam a confiabilidade e a validade relacionada ao construto do mdmq para avaliar os estilos de tomada de decisão entre os argentinos e marcam um importante passo para realizar pesquisas mais profundas no campo da tomada de decisão e perspectiva de tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reference Standards , Research , Unified Health System , Adaptation, Psychological , Persons
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 702-705, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the medical equipment operation data of 44 clinical departments in the hospital from three aspects: materials and consumables, operation and maintenance depreciation, and operation management.@*METHODS@#To formulate the evaluation standards and scoring criteria for the operation indicators, the lowest score is 0 points, and the highest score is 5 points. Based on the operation indicators of medical equipment, establish a hierarchical structure model, determine the criterion layer and sub-criteria layer, construct a judgment matrix, normalize it, and calculate the weight coefficient.@*RESULTS@#Count equipment operation data in 2021 and 2022. Score according to the assessment standards, assign weights through the analytic hierarchy process, calculate the total score and sort, and making a special analysis on the top 10 departments and departments with a score below 4 points, and formulate a rectification plan.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The establishment of index assessment standards and the weight distribution of AHP can effectively enhance the control of equipment operating costs.


Subject(s)
Analytic Hierarchy Process , Rationalization , Surgical Equipment , Reference Standards , Cost Control
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 690-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010263

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of technical evaluation, this study reviewed the current situation of application and clinical application of medical device products were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in the market in recent years. The regulatory requirements of these products in China, USA, EU and Japan were compared and analyzed, and the monitoring situation of adverse events after listing, the standards for reference and the domestic and foreign regulatory documents were combined, the clinical application and regulatory risks of the product were analyzed. The problems such as pre-treatment, system matching, adequacy of performance index requirements, inter-room consistency, reference interval and registration unit were discussed and suggestions for supervision were given, with a view to the field of product R&D and production, review and approval of supervision to provide technical reference.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Reference Standards , Japan
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 286-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970375

ABSTRACT

Gelsemium elegans is a traditional Chinese herb of medicinal importance, with indole terpene alkaloids as its main active components. To study the expression of the most suitable housekeeping reference genes in G. elegans, the root bark, stem segments, leaves and inflorescences of four different parts of G. elegans were used as materials in this study. The expression stability of 10 candidate housekeeping reference genes (18S, GAPDH, Actin, TUA, TUB, SAND, EF-1α, UBC, UBQ, and cdc25) was assessed through real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, GeNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder. The results showed that EF-1α was stably expressed in all four parts of G. elegans and was the most suitable housekeeping gene. Based on the coexpression pattern of genome, full-length transcriptome and metabolome, the key candidate targets of 18 related genes (AS, AnPRT, PRAI, IGPS, TSA, TSB, TDC, GES, G8H, 8-HGO, IS, 7-DLS, 7-DLGT, 7-DLH, LAMT, SLS, STR, and SGD) involved in the Gelsemium alkaloid biosynthesis were obtained. The expression of 18 related enzyme genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR using the housekeeping gene EF-1α as a reference. The results showed that these genes' expression and gelsenicine content trends were correlated and were likely to be involved in the biosynthesis of the Gelsemium alkaloid, gelsenicine.


Subject(s)
Genes, Essential , Gelsemium/genetics , Peptide Elongation Factor 1/genetics , Transcriptome , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Alkaloids , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reference Standards
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e278525, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529222

ABSTRACT

O Sistema de Avaliação de Testes Psicológicos (SATEPSI) recebeu notoriedade entre brasileiros e estrangeiros por oferecer um complexo sistema de qualificação dos testes psicológicos, pouco visto em âmbito mundial. Sua elaboração dependeu de uma autarquia, que o financiou, normatizou e o mantém, mas também de pesquisadores docentes de avaliação psicológica, que trouxeram a expertise da área para que houvesse o pleno estabelecimento de seus parâmetros. Passadas duas décadas de seu lançamento, o SATEPSI foi tema de artigos, capítulos, lives e diálogos digitais, nos quais foram destaque, de modo geral, as Resoluções do Conselho Federal de Psicologia, que o normatiza, e seus impactos para a área de avaliação psicológica - como, por exemplo, o aumento do número de pesquisas e de testes brasileiros qualificados. O que se pretende neste artigo é mencionar sua construção, à luz dos autores que vivenciaram o SATEPSI em funções e tempos distintos. Atenção especial será dada aos Métodos Projetivos, cuja história ainda é pouco revelada.(AU)


The system to evaluate psychological tests (Satepsi) received notoriety among Brazilians and foreigners for offering a complex system of qualification of psychological tests, which is rarely seen worldwide. Its development depended on an autarchy (which financed, standardized, and maintains it) and on researchers teaching psychological assessment, who brought their expertise to the area so its parameters could be fully established. After two decades of its launch, Satepsi was the subject of articles, chapters, lives, and digital dialogues, which usually highlighted the Resolutions of the Federal Council of Psychology that normatize psychological evaluation and their impacts, such as the increase in the number of qualified Brazilian tests. This study aims to mention its construction in the light of the authors who experienced Satepsi in different functions and times, giving special attention to Projective Methods, whose history remains to be shown.(AU)


El Sistema de Evaluación de Tests Psicológicos (SATEPSI) ganó notoriedad entre los brasileños y los extranjeros por ofrecer un complejo sistema de calificación de los tests psicológicos, poco frecuente a nivel mundial. Su elaboración dependió de una autarquía, que lo financió, lo estandarizó y lo mantiene, pero también de investigadores docentes de evaluación psicológica, que trajeron la experiencia del área para que hubiera el pleno establecimiento de sus parámetros. Tras dos décadas de su lanzamiento, SATEPSI fue tema de artículos, capítulos, en directo y diálogos digitales, en los cuales destacaron, de modo general, las Resoluciones del Consejo Federal de Psicología que lo normatiza y sus impactos para el área de evaluación psicológica, como el aumento del número de investigaciones y de pruebas brasileñas calificadas. Lo que se pretende en este artículo es mencionar su construcción, a la luz de los autores que vivieron el SATEPSI en funciones y tiempos distintos. Se prestará especial atención a los métodos proyectivos cuya historia aún no se ha revelado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Psychological Tests , Psychometrics , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Personality Assessment , Personality Tests , Aptitude Tests , Professional Competence , Professional Practice , Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Psychology , Safety , Audiovisual Aids , Self-Evaluation Programs , Social Control, Formal , Societies , Students , Vocational Guidance , Behavior , Professional Review Organizations , Body Image , Computer Systems , Mental Health , Efficacy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Liability, Legal , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Total Quality Management , Commerce , Lecture , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Internet , Credentialing , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Diagnosis , Employee Performance Appraisal , Science, Technology and Society , Ethics , Professional Training , Courses , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Expert Testimony , Self Report , Test Taking Skills , Quality Improvement , Pandemics , Social Skills , Data Accuracy , Behavior Rating Scale , Work Engagement , Internet Access , Web Archives as Topic , Internet-Based Intervention , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Psychological Well-Being , Human Rights , Intelligence , Intelligence Tests , Manuals as Topic , Neuropsychological Tests
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 125-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969854

ABSTRACT

It has attracted much attention worldwide that the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in primary screening and clinical diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. In recent years, this technology has also been widely used in various grass-roots eye disease management, effectively improving the current situation of weak eye disease diagnosis ability and shortage of human resources in primary medical institutions. At present, there is no reference standard or guideline for the management mode, implementation content and management method of vision health management based on this technology, which are in urgent need of standardization. The article described the work mode exploration of AI-assisted grass-roots visual health management in Shanghai and shared practical experience. The aim is to provide reference for other provinces in China to carry out relevant work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , China , Reference Standards , Workforce
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2699-2712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981373

ABSTRACT

Fermented Chinese medicine has long been used. Amid the advance for preservation of experience, the connotation of fermented Chinese medicine has been enriched and improved. However, fermented Chinese medicine prescriptions generally contain a lot of medicinals. The fermentation process is complicated and the conventional fermentation conditions fail to be strictly controlled. In addition, the judgment of the fermentation end point is highly subjective. As a result, quality of fermented Chinese medicine is of great difference among regions and unstable. At the moment, the quality standards of fermented Chinese medicine are generally outdated and different among regions, with simple quality control methods and lacking objective safe fermentation-specific evaluation indictors. It is difficult to comprehensively evaluate and control the quality of fermented medicine. These problems have aroused concern in the industry and also affected the clinical application of fermented Chinese medicine. This article summarized and analyzed the application, quality standards, and the modernization of fermentation technology and quality control methods of fermented Chinese medicine and proposed suggestions for improving the quality standards of the medicine, with a view to improving the overall quality of it.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Fermentation
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 940-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008150

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the prevalence and disease burden of thyroid cancer and their trends between China and the globe from 1990 to 2019.Methods With the global disease burden data in 2019,Joinpoint was used to predict the trends of the disease burden of thyroid cancer in China and the globe from 1990 to 2019,and logarithmic linear model was used to test the predicted trends.The R language was used for predictive analysis and graphic plotting of the disease burden from 2020 to 2035.Results From 1990 to 2019,the standardized incidence rate and the standardized mortality rate of thyroid cancer in China were lower than those in the globe.The standardized incidence rate in China and the globe showed an increasing trend(with the increases of 102.65% and 40.65%,respectively),while the standardized mortality rate showed a decreasing trend(with the decreases of 7.63% and 4.91%,respectively).Compared with those of the female population,the standardized incidence and mortality rates of the Chinese male population increased significantly from 1990 to 2019(the rates of change in the male population were 48.65% and 214.60%,respectively;and the rates of change in the female population were -39.01% and 60.44%,respectively).China's overall standardized years of life lost(YLL),years lived with disability(YLD),and disability-adjusted life years(DALY)rates during the 30-year period were lower than the global average.The Chinese and global populations showed the standardized YLL rate decreasing by 16.61% and 6.88% and the standardized DALY rate decreasing by 10.77% and 3.65%,respectively,while the rates of standardized YLD increased by 128.91% and 46.89%,respectively.The magnitude of DALY in China and the world was mainly influenced by YLL.The standardized incidence,mortality,and DALY rates of the Chinese male population were gradually approaching the global levels.From 1990 and 2019,thyroid cancer showed a higher mortality rate in the population with the age ≥ 75 years and a higher incidence rate in the population with the age <75 years.It is projected that from 2020 to 2035,the standardized incidence rates in China and the world will increase by 36.66% and 21.15%,respectively;the standardized mortality rates will decrease by 20.19% and 3.46%,respectively;and the standardized DALY rate is expected to decrease by 7.08% in China and increase by 4.35% in the world.Conclusions From 1990 to 2019,China's standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer increased and had a higher increase than the global level,and the standardized mortality rate decreased,with a slightly higher decrease than the global level.However,the increases in the standardized incidence rate and mortality rate of this disease in China's ≥75 years male population were severe.Although China's disease burden of thyroid cancer showed a decreasing trend in line with the global trend as a whole,the disease burden in the Chinese males was higher than that in the females.Specifically,the disease burden due to premature death was predominant,and the burden in specific populations requires policy attention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Aged , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Reference Standards , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Incidence
19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1418-1422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007840

ABSTRACT

Autoantibodies are important biomarkers of autoimmune diseases and crucial for disease diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and the evaluation of disease activity and prognosis. Specifying the requirement of quality control for detecting autoantibodies is essential for accurately reporting relevant results. In 2023, National Clinical Research Center for Dermatologic and Immunologic Diseases (Peking Union Medical College Hospital), Experimental Diagnosis Research Committee, Rheumatology and Immunology Physicians Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, Autoantibodies Detection Committee, Chinese Rheumatism Data Center invited relevant clinical and laboratory experts to develop the current consensus based on the national standards, the industry guidelines, the national situation, and the experience of quality control regarding autoantibody detection. This consensus aims to standardize the quality control of autoantibody detection in relevant laboratories in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Consensus , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Quality Control , Reference Standards
20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1103-1108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct growth standards for Chinese children under 7 years of age. Methods: Cross-sectional study design based on national representative data on children's growth and development in 2015 was used. Stratified cluster sampling method was used. A total of 83 628 healthy children aged 0-<7 years from 9 cities, including Beijing, Harbin, Xi'an, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, and Kunming, were investigated from June to November 2015, excluding those with adverse conditions that may impact the establishment of the growth standards. Weight, length (height) and head circumference were measured using unified measurement tools and measurement methods. The Lambda-Mu-Sigma method was employed to establish percentile and standard deviation score reference values of weight-for-age, length (height)-for-age, head circumference-for-age, weight-for-length (height) and body mass index (BMI)-for-age of the study population. The standard deviation score curves of the new-established growth standards were compared with the 2009 reference standards. Results: Reference values of percentile (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P97) and standard deviation score (-3, -2, -1, 0,+1,+2,+3) of weight-for-age, length (height)-for-age, head circumference-for-age, weight-for-length (height) and BMI-for-age were obtained. Compared with the 2009 growth standards, the difference of weight at P50 was -0.1-0.4 kg, the difference of length (height) at P50 was 0.1-1.3 cm, the difference of head circumference at P50 was -0.2-0.2 cm, the difference of weight for length (height) at P50 was -0.2-0.5 kg, and the difference of BMI at P50 was -0.2-0.2 kg/m2. The main differences were as follows: weight for girls aged 5.0-<7.0 years was 0.4-0.6 kg higher at +2 s, height for boys and girls aged 2.0-<7.0 years was 0.4-1.4 cm higher at -2 s, and BMI for boys and girls aged 5.0-<7.0 years was 0.1-0.3 kg/m2 higher at +2 s than the 2009 reference standards. Conclusion: The newly established growth standards for Chinese children under 7 years of age that have achieved a minor revision to the 2009 reference standards, are recommended for nationwide use in growth monitoring and nutritional assessment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Child Development , Body Weight , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Body Height , China/epidemiology , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Body Mass Index
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