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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 225-231, Agosto 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371502

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se ha postulado que el aislamiento social debido a la pandemia de la enfermedad por el coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19, por su sigla en inglés) aumentaría la incidencia de abuso sexual infantojuvenil (ASIJ). Objetivo. Comparar la incidencia y las características de las consultas realizadas en Ginecología en relación con ASIJ antes y durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y comparativo entre las situaciones de sospecha de ASIJ ocurridas durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en relación con las del mismo período del año previo en un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad. Resultados. Se consignaron 122 consultas por sospecha de ASIJ, 78 en el período previo a la pandemia y 44 en la pandemia. El motivo de consulta al hospital más frecuente, en ambos grupos, fue el relato de ASIJ y, al Servicio de Ginecología en particular, la evaluación de genitales externos. La mayor parte presentó un examen físico normal. Se observó una mayor prevalencia de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en el grupo de pandemia. Se realizaron más internaciones y denuncias para protección de víctimas en dicho grupo. Se registró que el agresor era conocido de la víctima en casi el 90 % de las víctimas de ambos grupos. Conclusiones. Durante la pandemia se evidenció una disminución en el número total de consultas a Ginecología, de modo que aquellas por sospecha de ASIJ representaron un mayor porcentaje. Sin embargo, las características en relación con la presencia de lesiones graves, infecciones de transmisión sexual o embarazo no se vieron modificadas


Introduction. It has been suggested that the social isolation due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may increase the incidence of child and adolescent sexual abuse (CASA). Objective. To compare the incidence and characteristics of medical consultations made to the Department of Gynecology due to CASA before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods. Descriptive, observational, and comparative study about suspected CASA events occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to those occurred in the previous year at a tertiary care children's hospital. Results. One hundred and twenty-two medical consultations due to suspected CASA were recorded; 78 before and 44 during the pandemic. In both groups, the most common reason for consultation at the hospital was an account of CASA and, at the Department of Gynecology in particular, the external genitalia examination. Most subjects had a normal physical examination. There was a higher prevalence of STI in the pandemic group. In addition, there were also more hospitalizations and police reports for victims protection in this group. The abuser was known to the victim in almost 90% of cases in both groups. Conclusions. During the pandemic, the total number of medical consultations to the Department of Gynecology decreased so the percentage of those due to suspected CASA was higher. However, the presence of severe lesions, STIs or pregnancy did not change


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Child Abuse, Sexual/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , COVID-19/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Pandemics , Gynecology , Hospitals, Pediatric
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 366-371, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377381

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The number of nephrologists has risen slowly, compared with the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Brazil. Data on patients referred to nephrology outpatient clinics remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic and kidney function characteristics of patients at their first appointment with a nephrologist. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study conducted at three nephrology outpatient clinics (public and private services), in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: From December 2019 to February 2020, we collected patient data regarding demographics, kidney function parameters and comorbidities. We then analyzed data on 394 patients who met a nephrologist for their first appointment. RESULTS: The main comorbidities were hypertension (63.7%), diabetes (33.5%) and nephrolithiasis (22.3%). Regarding CKD stages, 24.1%, 9.1%, 13.7%, 15.2%, 15.2% and 2.3% of the patients were in stages 1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4 and 5, respectively. Proteinuria was absent or mild, moderate and high in 17.3%, 15.2% and 11.7%, respectively; and 16.2% had not undergone previous investigation of serum creatinine or proteinuria (55.8%). For 17.5%, referral to a nephrologist occurred late. Patients in public services were older than those in private services (59 years versus 51 years, respectively; P = 0.001), more frequently hypertensive (69.7% versus 57.5%; P = 0.01) and reached a nephrologist later (22.4% versus 12.4%; P = 0.009). CONCLUSION: Referrals to a nephrologist were not being made using any guidelines for CKD risk and many cases could have been managed within primary care. Late referral to a nephrologist happened in one-fifth of the cases and more frequently in the public service.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Nephrology , Proteinuria/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Retrospective Studies , Nephrologists , Kidney
3.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(1): 14-25, ene. - mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392898

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el lupus es una enfermedad compleja y varias veces de difícil abordaje. Alcanzar la remisión es uno de los objetivos, incorporando opciones terapéuticas. Objetivos: describir las características generales de los pacientes según el estado de la enfermedad y el uso de belimumab. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal, registro RELESSAR. Se definió el estado de la enfermedad como: remisión: SLEDAI=0 y sin corticoides; baja actividad de la enfermedad: SLEDAI >0 y ≤4 y sin corticoides; control no óptimo: SLEDAI >4 y cualquier dosis de corticoides. Resultados: se incluyeron 1.277 pacientes, 23,4% en remisión, 12,6% en baja actividad y 63,8% con control no óptimo. En este último grupo eran más jóvenes y con menor duración de la enfermedad; presentaban mayores índices de actividad y cronicidad, y mayor empleo de inmunosupresores. Solo el 22,3% de los pacientes con criterio potencial de uso de belimumab (lupus eritematoso sistémico activo a pesar del tratamiento estándar) lo recibía en ese momento. Las variables asociadas a hospitalizaciones fueron: terapia con corticoides, ciclofosfamida y mayor SLICC. Conclusiones: se refleja la complejidad del manejo de estos pacientes y se visualizan aspectos estructurales como la desigualdad. El uso del belimumab resultaría beneficioso en los pacientes seleccionados.


Introduction: lupus is a complex disease and often difficult to approach. Achieving remission is one of the objectives, incorporating therapeutic options. Objectives: to describe the characteristics of the patients and the use of belimumab, according to the status of the disease. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study. Patients of the RELESSAR registry. Stratification: Remission: SLEDAI=0 and without corticosteroids. Low disease activity SLEDAI> 0 and ≤4 and without corticosteroids and non-optimal control: SLEDAI> 4 and any dose of corticosteroids. Results: a total of 1,277 patients were included, 23.4% in remission, 12.6% in low disease activity and 63.8% in non-optimal control. The last group was younger and had a shorter duration of the disease. They had higher activity and chronicity indices and greater use of immunosuppressants. Only 22.3% of the patients with potential criteria for the use of belimumab (activity disease despite standard treatment) were receiving it. The variables associated with hospitalizations were: corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide and higher SLICC. Those associated with severe infection: mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, corticosteroids, and higher SLICC. Conclusions: the complexity of the management of these patients is reflected, visualizing structural aspects such as inequality. The use of belimumab could be beneficial in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Referral and Consultation , Therapeutics
4.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220221. 248 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366772

ABSTRACT

O livro que estamos apresentando à leitura de amplo acesso tem origem num esforço rizomático que envolve muitas pessoas e instituições, não apenas na escrita, mas na viabilização do contexto em que emergiu o conteúdo dos capítulos. Nossa imensa gratidão às comunidades indígenas e ribeirinhas, às organizações da saúde e às equipes que nos receberam, compartilharam sua casa e seu alimento e nos apoiaram nas pesquisas. A proposta do livro sobre os efeitos do Programa Mais Médicos na Amazônia tem como referência principal dois estudos empíricos inéditos realizados na região do Alto Rio Solimões, estado do Amazonas, acrescidos de outros, que analisaram também os efeitos da pandemia. A publicação é voltada para pesquisadores, especialistas, estudantes, trabalhadores e gestores do setor saúde, assim como entidades e movimentos sociais envolvidos com essas temáticas no território amazônico. Por certo, uma interligação de conceitos e abordagens dessa natureza possibilita a composição de um futuro referencial muito apropriado aos profissionais, aos trabalhadores e instituições sejam governamentais e não-governamentais na ampliação do cuidado em saúde em contextos específicos. Findo o trabalho da pesquisa e da organização do livro, desejamos a todas as pessoas que o acessarem que tenham uma leitura mobilizadora de pensamentos e ações em relação à saúde, ao direito à saúde, à responsabilidade ética e política do cuidado e da produção de conhecimentos, à capacidade inclusiva das políticas públicas e à relevância de um sistema de saúde universal. Também à condição de relevância pública do trabalho e do ensino na saúde. Oxalá produza novos imaginários sobre o encontro da saúde com os povos amazônicos, onde a adversidade das doenças seja intolerável, mas a diversidade dos modos de andar da vida seja reconhecida e, quiçá, desejada. Afinal, o bem viver nos coloca possíveis no sentido freireano, mesmo em tempos tão difíceis como esse que produzirmos para sobreviver.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Health Systems , Health Consortia , Public Policy , Referral and Consultation , Amazonian Ecosystem , State , Indigenous Peoples , Right to Health , Occupational Groups
5.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220119. 230 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366771

ABSTRACT

A pesquisa faz banzeiro, produz movimentos no território, nos trabalhadores e usuários, nos pesquisadores, nas alunas, no orientador…. O movimento do conhecimento precisa embalar os nossos sonhos, mas precisa animar as questões do lugar, das necessidades, das demandas. Desse modo, o trabalho da Josiane, ou simplesmente Josi, foi esse banzeiro que mexeu com a vida das pessoas, entrou nas redes vivas do usuário-pescador, que atravessou as discussões do trabalho, que fez mudança na gestão do cuidado. O livro é a 17ª produção do Laboratório de História, Políticas Públicas e Saúde na Amazônia -LAHPSA/Fiocruz Amazônia. Nesse livro, abordamos a saúde ribeirinha que certamente será uma referência para as alunos, gestores, trabalhadores e usuários da saúde na Amazônia e fora dela. A categoria "território líquido " ganha mais contorno e densidade a cada uma das produções do grupo de pesquisa da FIOCRUZ Amazônia. Desejamos uma ótima leitura para todos e todas que se aventuram na pesquisa da Amazônia profunda, naquela que apresenta a vida dos povos da floresta e das águas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Organization and Administration , Social Networking , Ambulatory Care , Referral and Consultation , Unified Health System , Amazonian Ecosystem , Knowledge , State , Health Facility Moving , Health Services Needs and Demand , Occupational Groups
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927269

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Linkage to care among individuals with substance misuse remains a barrier to the elimination of the hepatitis C virus (HCV). We aimed to determine whether point-of-care (PoC) education, screening and staging for liver disease with direct access to hospitals would improve linkage to care among this group. @*METHODS@#All participants were offered PoC education and HCV screening. HCV-positive participants were randomised to standard care (controls) or direct access, which provided a direct pathway to hospitals. Linkage to care was determined by reviewing electronic medical records. Linkage of care cascade was defined as attendance at the specialist clinic, confirmation of viraemia by HCV RNA testing, discussion about HCV treatment and initiation of treatment. @*RESULTS@#351 halfway house residents were screened. The overall HCV prevalence was 30.5% (n = 107), with 69 residents in the control group and 38 in the direct access group. The direct access group had a significantly higher percentage of cases linked to specialist review for confirmatory RNA testing (63.2% vs. 40.6%, p = 0.025), HCV treatment discussion (p = 0.009) and treatment initiation (p = 0.01) compared to the controls. Overall, only 12.6% (n = 13) had treatment initiation during follow-up. PoC HCV screening with direct access referral had significantly higher linkage to HCV treatment initiation (adjusted odds ratio 9.13, p = 0.005) in multivariate analysis. @*CONCLUSION@#PoC HCV screening with direct access improves linkage to care and simplifies the HCV care cascade, leading to improved treatment uptake. PoC education, screening, diagnosis and treatment may be an effective strategy to achieving HCV micro-elimination in this population.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Halfway Houses , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Humans , Pilot Projects , Point-of-Care Systems , RNA , Referral and Consultation , Substance Abuse, Intravenous/epidemiology
8.
Repert. med. cir ; 31(2)2022. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1382185

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las enfermedades glomerulares primarias ocupan la tercera causa de enfermedad renal crónica, siendo el origen más común de síndrome nefrótico en Colombia la nefropatía membranosa (NM). El tratamiento de la NM con ciclofosfamida endovenosa es una opción terapéutica, que no ha sido descrita en nuestra población. Objetivo: determinar la respuesta al tratamiento con ciclofosfamida endovenosa en la NM idiopática en el Hospital de San José de Bogotá en el periodo enero 2000 a enero 2019. Metodología: estudio tipo serie de casos donde se incluyeron todos los pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de NM idiopática por biopsia renal tratados con ciclofosfamida endovenosa en el periodo descrito Resultados: ocho pacientes se incluyeron en el estudio de los cuales 50% eran mujeres, la mediana de edad de presentación fue 32,5 (RIQ:26-45) años. El 100% de los pacientes presentaron remisión parcial o completa, distribuidos así: 62,5% completa y 37,5% parcial. La mediana en el aumento de la tasa de filtración glomerular posterior al uso de ciclofosfamida endovenosa fue 9 (RIQ: 1-20,2) mL/min/1.73 m2. La sobrevida renal fue 100% y el porcentaje de recaída 12,5%. Conclusiones: el uso mensual de ciclofosfamida endovenosa es una opción en el manejo de la NM idiopática con un porcentaje de remisión parcial o completa de 100%, utilizando una dosis mediana acumulada de 93 (RIQ: 65,6-125) mg/k.


Introduction: primary glomerular diseases represent the third cause of chronic kidney disease, being membranous nephropathy (MN) the most frequent cause of nephrotic syndrome in Colombia. Intravenous cyclophosphamide is a treatment option for MN, which has not been described in our population. Objective: to determine the response of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) to IV cyclophosphamide at Hospital de San José de Bogotá from January 2000 to January 2019. Methodology: case series study which included all adult patients with IMN diagnosed by renal biopsy treated with IV cyclophosphamide in the described period. Results: eight patients were included in the study of which 50% were women, median age at presentation was 32.5 (IQR: 26-45) years. 100% of patients experienced partial or complete remission, as follows: 62.5% complete remission and 37.5% partial remission. Increase in the median glomerular filtration rate after the use of IV cyclophosphamide was 9 (IQR: 1-20.2) mL/min/1.73 m2. Renal survival rate was 100% and the relapse rate was 12.5%. Conclusions: monthly IV cyclophosphamide is a treatment option for IMN, attaining 100% partial or complete remission, using a median cumulative dose of 93 (IQR: 65.6-125) mg/k.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous , Cyclophosphamide , Referral and Consultation
9.
Bull. W.H.O. (Online) ; 105(5): 302-314, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1373036

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate survival in children referred from primary care in Malawi, with a focus on hypoglycaemia and hypoxaemia progression. Methods The study involved a prospective cohort of children aged 12 years or under referred from primary health-care facilities in Mchinji district, Malawi in 2019 and 2020. Peripheral blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) and blood glucose were measured at recruitment and on arrival at a subsequent health-care facility (i.e. four hospitals and 14 primary health-care facilities). Children were followed up 2 weeks after discharge or their last clinical visit. The primary study outcome was the case fatality ratio at 2 weeks. Associations between SpO2 and blood glucose levels and death were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models and the treatment effect of hospitalization was assessed using propensity score matching. Findings Of 826 children recruited, 784 (94.9%) completed follow-up. At presentation, hypoxaemia was moderate (SpO2: 90­93%) in 13.1% (108/826) and severe (SpO2: < 90%) in 8.6% (71/826) and hypoglycaemia was moderate (blood glucose: 2.5­4.0 mmol/L) in 9.0% (74/826) and severe (blood glucose: < 2.5 mmol/L) in 2.3% (19/826). The case fatality ratio was 3.7% (29/784) overall but 26.3% (5/19) in severely hypoglycaemic children and 12.7% (9/71) in severely hypoxaemic children. Neither moderate hypoglycaemia nor moderate hypoxaemia was associated with mortality. Conclusion Presumptive pre-referral glucose treatment and better management of hypoglycaemia could reduce the high case fatality ratio observed in children with severe hypoglycaemia. The morbidity and mortality burden of severe hypoxaemia was high; ways of improving hypoxaemia identification and management are needed.


Subject(s)
Referral and Consultation , Blood Glucose , Hypoglycemia , Hypoxia
10.
Afr. j. health sci ; 35(3): 252-262, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380294

ABSTRACT

Background: A substantive number of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) develop Opportunistic Infections (OIs). The introduction of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) in Tanzania led to a significant decline in opportunistic infections and a slower progression to AIDS, but OIs are still prevalent. This study was set to determine the magnitude of OIs and associated factors among HIV/AIDS patients on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) attending care and treatment clinic at Bombo Regional Referral hospital, Tanga region. Materials And Methods: A cross­sectional descriptive study was conducted on HIV/AIDS patients on ART attending Bombo Hospital in Tanga from July to October 2019. A non-probability, consecutive sampling technique was employed to obtain study participants. Data were collected using available data obtained from the patients' files, hospital record books and interviews of study participants by using semi-structured questionnaires. Data were entered into the computer using Excel 2013, cleaned and analysed using Epi Info version 7.2.2.6. Any p-value of < 0.05, at a 95% confidence interval was regarded as statistically significant. Results : The study showed that out of the 360 participants, 126 cases (35.0%) of OIs were reported. Pulmonary Tuberculosis had the highest prevalence of 18.0% among PLHIV while other opportunistic Infections altogether contributed 17.0%. Late ART initiation (OR=10.9, 95% CI: 6.5 ­ 18.3, p-value <0.001), Poor drug adherence (OR=19, 95% CI: 9.0 ­ 39.7, p-value <0.001), female gender (69% vs. 31%), which was however, not statistically significant (p-value ­ 0.904), Informal and Primary School education (OR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.1 ­ 1.6, p-value 0.04) being married (OR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.3 ­ 3.4, p ­ value 0.004) and widowed/widower (OR=7.7, 95% CI: 1.7 ­ 33.7, p ­ value 0.007) respectively were found to be associated with OIs to PLHIV.CONCLUSION : The rate of OIs still high among PLHIV, Pulmonary Tuberculosis is the leading disease with 18.0% of all OIs symptomatic patients. Delay in ART initiation after positive test results, poor drug adherence and moderate malnutrition have been identified as major risk factors affecting 66.0%, 70.0%, 71%of PLWHA with OIs. We recommend early initiation of ART, Education on ART adherence and refilling of large quantities of ARV drugs to individuals working far from their homes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Opportunistic Infections , HIV Infections , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Anti-Retroviral Agents , Medication Adherence , Referral and Consultation
11.
Niger. Postgrad. Med. J. ; 29(3): 198-205, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380942

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Severe malaria is a leading cause of mortality due to late presentation to health facilities. Hence, there is a need to identify and mitigate factors promoting delayed presentation with severe malaria. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate determinants of delayed presentation of children with severe malaria in a tertiary referral hospital. Methods: This study adopted a descriptive, cross-sectional design. The participants were children with a diagnosis of severe malaria, based on WHO diagnostic criteria. Delayed presentation was defined as presentation at the referral centre at >3 days of illness. Inferential analyses were done to identify factors associated with delayed presentation. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 126 children with severe malaria participated in the study; their mean (standard deviation) age was 4.2 (5.3) years. The prevalence of delayed presentation in this study is 37.3%. Socio-economic class (P = 0.003); marital status (P = 0.015) and the number of health facilities visited before admission in the referral centre (P = 0.008) were significantly associated with delayed presentation. Children from upper socio-economic class were thrice more likely to present late, compared to those from lower social class (odds ratio [OR] = 3.728, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.694­8.208; P = 0.001). Likewise, the Yorubas were more delayed than the Binis (OR = 0.408, 95% CI: 0.180­0.928; P = 0.033). There was a negative correlation between caregivers' perception of treatment (r = −0.113, P = 0.21) of convulsion in severe malaria and timing of presentation. Conclusions: Delayed presentation is common with multifactorial determinants in the setting. Health education of caregivers on the consequences of delayed presentation in severe malaria is desirable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Referral and Consultation , Severity of Illness Index , Malaria, Falciparum , Caregivers , Health Facilities , Perception
12.
Niger. Postgrad. Med. J. ; 29(3): 236-243, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381438

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental caries remains a public health threat of concern among children. About 2.3 billion people are affected by dental caries, of which 530 million are children globally. Objective: This study was carried out to identify sugar fermenting bacteria in the oral cavity and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern, assess the association with sugar fermenter bacteria and dental caries and evaluate dental caries outcomes among children. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between October 2021 and February 2022 at Ruhengeri Referral Hospital. About 136 oral swab samples were collected from children with and without dental caries at 1:1 ratio. The samples were put in Stuart sterile container and transported to INES-clinical microbiology laboratory for microbial identification. Logistic regression analysis of demographic characteristics was performed to study the relationship between demographic variables and dental caries. Chi-square test was performed for the association between variables. Results: About 67.6% were male, while children of age 7­9 years (64.7%) dominated the age groups. Lactobacilli spp (15.29%) and Streptococcus mutans (12.94%) were the most predominant microorganisms observed in the oral cavity among children with dental caries. The S. mutans (x2 = 27.03, P < 0.00001, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.2901­0.5785), S. aureus (x2 = 34.59, P < 0.00001, 95% CI = 0.3541­0.6292), Enterobacter aerogenes (x2 = 13.5, P = 0.000239, 95% CI = 0.151­0.4622), Serratia marcescens (x2 = 11.64, P = 0.00645, 95% CI = 0.1275­0.4418) and Klebsiella pneumonia (x2 = 13.51, P = 0.000237, 95% CI = 0.1511­0.4623) were significantly associated with dental caries. Teeth loss (x2 = 51.04, P < 0.00001, 95% CI = 0.4757­0.7205), teeth pain (x2 = 5.05, P = 0.0246, 95% CI = 0.0249­0.33499), and infection (x2 = 4.73, P = 0.02964, 95% CI = 0.0186­0.3441) were dental outcomes associated with tooth decay. Ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, and amoxicillin were the most sensitive antibiotics, while vancomycin and chloramphenicol were the most resistant. Conclusion: Sugar consumption favours the growth of sugar fermenter bacteria that cause dental caries among children. Dental caries is associated with adverse oral health outcomes among children. Oral health education is recommended for children. Parents are advised to reduce the consumption of sugary food for their children for oral health safety.


Subject(s)
Referral and Consultation , Staphylococcus aureus , Bacteria , Oral Medicine , Dental Caries , Sugars , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Mouth , Fermentation , Anti-Infective Agents
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 422-432, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364337

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Amiloidose sistêmica é uma doença com manifestações clínicas diversas. O diagnóstico envolve suspeita clínica, aliada a métodos complementares. Objetivo Descrever o perfil clínico, laboratorial, eletrocardiográfico e de imagem no acometimento cardíaco da amiloidose sistêmica. Métodos Estudo de uma amostra de conveniência, analisando dados clínicos, laboratoriais, eletrocardiográficos, ecocardiográficos, medicina nuclear e ressonância magnética. Considerou-se significância estatística quando p < 0,05. Resultados Avaliaram-se 105 pacientes (com mediana de idade de 66 anos), sendo 62 homens, dos quais 83 indivíduos apresentavam amiloidose por transtirretina (ATTR) e 22 amiloidose por cadeia leve (AL). Na ATTR, 68,7% eram de caráter hereditário (ATTRh) e 31,3% do tipo selvagem (ATTRw). As mutações mais prevalentes foram Val142Ile (45,6%) e Val50Met (40,3%). O tempo de início dos sintomas ao diagnóstico foi 0,54 e 2,15 anos nas formas AL e ATTR (p < 0,001), respectivamente. O acometimento cardíaco foi observado em 77,9% dos ATTR e 90,9% dos AL. Observaram-se alterações de condução atrioventricular em 20% e intraventricular em 27,6% dos pacientes, sendo 33,7 % na ATTR e 4,5% das AL (p = 0,006). A forma ATTRw apresentou mais arritmias atriais que os ATTRh (61,5% x 22,8%; p = 0,001). Ao ecocardiograma a mediana da espessura do septo na ATTRw x ATTRh x AL foi de 15 mm x 12 mm x 11 mm (p = 0,193). Observou-se BNP elevado em 89,5% dos indivíduos (mediana 249 ng/mL, IQR 597,7) e elevação da troponina em 43,2%. Conclusão Foi possível caracterizar, em nosso meio, o acometimento cardíaco na amiloidose sistêmica, em seus diferentes subtipos, através da história clínica e dos métodos diagnósticos descritos.


Abstract Background Systemic amyloidosis is a disease with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Diagnosis depends on clinical suspicion combined with specific complementary methods. Objective To describe the clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, and imaging profile in patients with systemic amyloidosis with cardiac involvement. Methods This study was conducted with a convenience sample, analyzing clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance data. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results A total of 105 patients were evaluated (median age of 66 years), 62 of whom were male. Of all patients, 83 had transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, and 22 had light chain (AL) amyloidosis. With respect to ATTR cases, 68.7% were the hereditary form (ATTRh), and 31.3% were wild type (ATTRw). The most prevalent mutations were Val142Ile (45.6%) and Val50Met (40.3%). Time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 0.54 and 2.15 years, in the AL and ATTR forms, respectively (p < 0.001). Cardiac involvement was observed in 77.9% of patients with ATTR and in 90.9% of those with AL. Alterations were observed in atrioventricular and intraventricular conduction in 20% and 27.6% of patients, respectively, with 33.7% in ATTR and 4.5% in AL (p = 0.006). In the ATTRw form, there were more atrial arrhythmias than in ATTRh (61.5% versus 22.8%; p = 0.001). On echocardiogram, median septum thickness in ATTRw, ATTRh, and AL was 15 mm, 12 mm, and 11 mm, respectively (p = 0.193). Elevated BNP was observed in 89.5% of patients (median 249, ICR 597.7), and elevated troponin was observed in 43.2%. Conclusion In this setting, it was possible to characterize cardiac involvement in systemic amyloidosis in its different subtypes by means of clinical history and the diagnostic methods described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cardiology , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnostic imaging , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies/diagnostic imaging , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Prealbumin/genetics , Echocardiography
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223120, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365399

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe, analyze, and trace the epidemiological profile for cardiac trauma victims on a referral trauma hospital of a major urban center. Methods: a case series study to review, describe, compile and analyze medical records of all patients sustaining traumatic cardiac injuries, from January 2015 to January 2020 admitted to the referral trauma hospital of Curitiba, Brazil. Patients sustaining traumatic heart injuries were identified using the hospitals database. Patients who died prior to reaching hospital care were excluded. Results: all 22 cases were urban victims, mostly penetrating injuries (12 stab wounds, 9 gunshot wounds); 82% were male; mean age, 37.1 years. 17 cases (77%) occurred during night hours, 15 between Friday and Sunday, and 15 were admitted hemodynamically stable. Only 27% were diagnosed with FAST, the remainder requiring other imaging exams. About incisions, 14 had thoracotomies, 6 median sternotomies and in 2 cases both. Of injuries, 8 affected the right ventricle, 3 right atrium, 9 left ventricle, 1 right coronary sulcus and 1 anterior wall. All had cardiorrhaphy repair. 3 patients died, 17 were discharged and 2 were transferred. 17 received postoperative echocardiograms, revealing ejection fractions ranging 55.1% to 75%. Patients spent a mean of 9.6 days on ICU and a mean of 15.2 days of total hospital stay. The mortality rate was 14%. Conclusions: cardiac traumas predominantly occurred in adult males, due to violent causes, during night hours on weekends. The overall mortality rate found (14%), as well as total hospital stay, accords with the literature.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever, analisar e traçar o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma cardíaco em hospital de referência em trauma de grande centro urbano. Métodos: uma série de casos para descrever e analisar prontuários de todos os pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas, entre janeiro, 2015, a janeiro, 2020, admitidos no hospital referência em trauma de Curitiba, Brasil. Pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas foram identificados no banco de dados do hospital. Pacientes em óbito antes da chegada aos cuidados hospitalares foram excluídos. Resultados: todos os 22 casos foram vítimas urbanas, maioria ferimentos penetrantes (12 por arma branca, 9 por arma de fogo); 82% homens; idade média 37.1 anos. 17 casos (77%) ocorreram no período noturno, 15 entre sexta-feira e domingo. 15 foram admitidos hemodinamicamente estáveis. 27% diagnosticados com FAST; demais demandaram outros exames. Das incisões, 14 receberam toracotomias, 6 esternotomias medianas, 2 casos ambas. Das lesões, 8 afetaram ventrículo direito, 3 átrio direito, 9 ventrículo esquerdo, 1 sulco coronário direito, 1 parede anterior. Todos receberam cardiorrafias. 3 pacientes morreram, 17 tiveram alta e 2 foram transferidos. 17 receberam ecocardiograma pós-operatório, revelando frações de ejeção de 55.1% a 75%. Os pacientes passaram em média 9.6 dias em UTI e 15.2 dias de internamento hospitalar total. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 14%. Conclusões: traumas cardíacos ocorreram predominantemente em homens adultos, devido a causas violentas, durante o período noturno nos finais de semana. A taxa de mortalidade encontrada, assim como o tempo total de internamento hospitalar, esteve em acordo com a literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab , Referral and Consultation , Trauma Centers , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(3): e00115021, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364628

ABSTRACT

A estratégia de Planificação da Atenção à Saúde configura-se como um potente dispositivo de reorganização dos processos de trabalho nas redes de atenção à saúde e vem sendo implementada pelo conselho nacional de secretários de saúde desde 2013, em 25 regiões de saúde de 11 estados brasileiros, ofertando um conjunto de ações educacionais aos profissionais do sistema único de saúde. Este estudo objetiva descrever o processo de construção participativa e consenso da modelização das ações educacionais, para subsidiar a avaliação da efetividade da estratégia. A construção da modelização foi realizada por meio da consulta a 18 informantes-chave, selecionados intencionalmente pela sua proximidade com o planejamento e a execução das ações educacionais. Os informantes analisaram individualmente a modelização inicialmente proposta, declarando seu grau de concordância acerca do conteúdo e fornecendo sugestões e comentários, os quais foram analisados pelos pesquisadores. O percentual mínimo de concordância total previamente estabelecido de 75% foi obtido ao final de três rodadas de consulta. Importantes sugestões foram realizadas ao longo das rodadas, evidenciando os elementos prioritários para subsidiar a avaliação da efetividade da estratégia. Os percentuais finais de concordância total da modelização variaram entre 76,5% e 100%, de acordo com o componente, demonstrando que a modelização construída participativamente pode ser considerada satisfatória. Essa construção pode estimular pesquisas a respeito de estratégias que busquem qualificar a resposta do sistema de saúde, por meio do desenvolvimento de competências, habilidades e atitudes de seus profissionais.


The Healthcare Planning strategy is a powerful device for reorganization of work processes in healthcare networks and has been implemented by the Brazilian National Council of State Health Secretaries since 2013 in 25 health regions in 11 states, offering a set of educational activities for healthcare workers in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. This study aims to describe the process of participatory and consensual modeling of educational activities to back the assessment of the strategy's effectiveness. Development of the modeling used consultation with 18 key informants, selected intentionally according to their proximity to the educational activities' planning and execution. The key informants analyzed the initially proposed modeling, stating their degree of agreement with the content and providing suggestions and commentary, analyzed by the researchers. Minimum total agreement, predetermined at 75%, was obtained after three rounds of consultation. Important suggestions were provided throughout the rounds, evidencing priority elements for backing assessment of the strategy's effectiveness. Final total agreement in the modeling varied from 76.5% to 100%, according to the component, demonstrating that participatorily modeling can be considered satisfactory. This construction can encourage studies on strategies that seek to improve the health system's effectiveness through development of health workers' competencies, skills, and attitudes.


La estrategia de Planificación de la Atención en Salud constituye un potente dispositivo de reorganización de los procesos de trabajo en las redes de atención en salud y viene siendo implementada por el Consejo Nacional de Secretarías de Salud desde 2013, en 25 regiones de salud, de 11 estados brasileños, ofertando un conjunto de acciones educacionales a los profesionales del Sistema Único de Salud. Este estudio tiene como objetivo describir el proceso de construcción participativa y consenso en la modelización de las acciones educacionales, para apoyar la evaluación de la efectividad de la estrategia. La construcción de la modelización se realizó mediante la consulta a 18 informantes-claves, seleccionados intencionalmente por su proximidad con la planificación y ejecución de las acciones educacionales. Los informantes analizaron individualmente la modelización inicialmente propuesta, declarando su grado de concordancia acerca del contenido, proporcionando sugerencias y comentarios, que fueron analizados por los investigadores. El porcentaje mínimo de concordancia total previamente establecido de 75% se obtuvo tras el final de tres ruedas de consulta. Se realizaron importantes sugerencias a lo largo de las ruedas, evidenciando los elementos prioritarios para apoyar la evaluación de la efectividad de la estrategia. Los porcentajes finales de concordancia total de la modelización variaron entre 76,5% y 100%, de acuerdo con el componente, demostrando que la modelización construida participativamente puede ser considerada satisfactoria. Esa construcción puede estimular investigaciones, respecto a las estrategias que busquen cualificar la respuesta del sistema de salud, mediante el desarrollo de competencias, habilidades y actitudes de sus profesionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Health Personnel
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO5791, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze pain, functional capacity, quality of life, anxiety and depression outcomes in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery following use of the Second Opinion Program, and to present disagreements regarding diagnoses and therapeutic indications between the first and second opinions. Methods A prospective, observational cohort study with 100 patients enrolled in the Second Opinion Program who underwent lumbar spine surgery. Questionnaires addressing pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety and depression were applied prior to and within 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of surgery. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were performed. The following clinical outcomes were analyzed: pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Results In this sample, 88% and 12% out of 100 patients were submitted to lumbar decompression and arthrodesis, respectively. Patients reported improvements in function, pain intensity, and quality of life factors following surgery and were able to attain the minimal clinically important difference relative to the preoperative period. Agreement between the first and second opinions was observed in 44% of diagnoses, and in 27% of therapeutic indications. Conclusion Patients had favorable postoperative outcomes regarding pain, disability, and quality of life. These findings and the high rates of diagnostic and therapeutic indication disagreements corroborate the need of a second opinion in cases of spine disease with surgical indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pain , Referral and Consultation , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disability Evaluation
17.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210354, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356212

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Relatar a experiência da equipe de saúde da atenção especializada na reorganização do processo de trabalho para a continuidade do cuidado às pessoas com condições crônicas complexas durante a pandemia da covid-19. Métodos Relato de experiência vivenciada em ambulatório do Estado do Paraná entre março e julho de 2020. O serviço ambulatorial em questão adota o Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas para o atendimento de gestantes, crianças, idosos, pessoas com hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus e transtornos mentais, estratificadas como condições complexas. Resultados O avanço da pandemia no Brasil implicou a necessidade de planejar a reorganização da atenção ambulatorial especializada, definindo atividades assistenciais presenciais no serviço, atividades itinerantes nos municípios e uso de tecnologias remotas para assistência e matriciamento. Conclusão e Implicações para a prática O rigor no cumprimento das recomendações sanitárias possibilitou a reorganização dos processos de trabalho no serviço, com modificações que permitiram a continuidade do cuidado de pessoas com condições crônicas complexas. O planejamento e o desenvolvimento das modificações no serviço foram fundamentais para manter o acompanhamento e o monitoramento da saúde das pessoas com condições crônicas complexas em meio a pandemia, minimizando as descompensações e, consequentemente, diminuindo a necessidade de essas pessoas utilizarem os serviços de saúde.


Resumen Objetivo Exponer la experiencia del equipo de atención a la salud especializada, en la reorganización del proceso de trabajo para la continuidad de la atención a personas con enfermedades crónicas complejas durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos Informe de experiencia en un centro ambulatorio del estado brasileño de Paraná entre marzo y julio de 2020. El servicio adopta el Modelo de Atención a Condiciones Crónicas para el atendimiento de: gestantes, niños, ancianos, personas con hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus y trastornos mentales, estratificado como condiciones complejas. Resultados El avance de la pandemia en Brasil implicó en la necesidad de planificar la reorganización de la atención ambulatoria especializada, al definir acciones de actividades asistenciales presenciales en el servicio, actividades itinerantes en los municipios y el uso de tecnologías remotas para la asistencia y apoyo matricial. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica El rigor en el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones sanitarias permitió la reorganización de los procesos de trabajo en el servicio, con cambios que permitieron la continuidad del cuidado de las personas con condiciones crónicas complejas. La planificación y el desarrollo de los cambios en el servicio fueron fundamentales para mantener el acompañamiento y la vigilancia de la salud de personas con condiciones crónicas complejas en medio a la pandemia, minimizando las descompensaciones y, consecuentemente, disminuyendo la necesidad de que estas personas utilicen los servicios de salud.


Abstract Objective To report the experience of the specialized care health team in reorganizing the work process for the continuity of care for people with complex chronic conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods Experience report lived in an outpatient clinic in Paraná State between March and July 2020. The outpatient service in question adopts the Chronic Conditions Care Model for pregnant women, children, elderly people, people with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and mental disorders, stratified as complex conditions. Results The advance of the pandemic in Brazil implied the need to plan the reorganization of specialized ambulatory care, defining face-to-face care activities in the service, itinerant activities in municipalities, and the use of remote care technologies and matrix support. Conclusion and Implications for practice Rigorous compliance with health recommendations allowed the reorganization of work processes in the service with modifications that allowed continuity of care for people with complex chronic conditions. The planning and development of the modifications in the service were fundamental to maintain the follow-up and monitoring of the health of people with complex chronic conditions amid the pandemic, minimizing decompensations and, consequently, reducing the need for these people to use health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Chronic Disease , Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , COVID-19/prevention & control , Referral and Consultation/organization & administration , Risk Groups , Remote Consultation , Research Report , Healthcare Models/organization & administration , Health Services/supply & distribution
18.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210114, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1350749

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo avaliar a descentralização do Programa de Controle da Hanseníase (PCH) em Governador Valadares. Método o referencial teórico-metodológico foi a Avaliação de Quarta Geração, de abordagem qualitativo-participativa. O estudo envolveu 30 sujeitos divididos em quatro grupos: gestores do PCH; profissionais do Centro de Referência (CR); profissionais da atenção básica e usuários. Os dados foram coletados por entrevistas, utilizando-se a técnica do Círculo Hermenêutico-Dialético. Posteriormente, realizaram-se três oficinas de validação e negociação dos dados. Utilizou-se o Método Comparativo Constante para a análise. Resultados evidenciou-se a manutenção do modelo vertical de atenção à hanseníase, sustentado por determinantes sócio-histórico-culturais que se expressam: na permanência da porta de entrada à demanda espontânea no CR; no encaminhamento rotineiro do usuário para a atenção secundária; na ineficiência da contrarreferência; na centralização da poliquimioterapia; na crença na necessidade do atendimento especializado e no estigma. Evidenciaram-se fragilidades no vínculo com a atenção primária. Conclusão a descentralização do PCH envolve a tensão entre os atores de cada ponto de atenção à saúde, gerando disputas de saberes e práticas de saúde. Implicações para a prática a sustentabilidade da descentralização requer envolvimento político e institucional focado no fortalecimento da atenção primária, na reorientação do papel dos serviços na rede de atenção à hanseníase e na educação em saúde.


Resumen Objetivo evaluar la descentralización del Programa de Control de la Lepra (PCL) en Governador Valadares. Método el marco teórico-metodológico fue la Evaluación de Cuarta Generación, con un enfoque cualitativo-participativo. El estudio involucró a 30 sujetos, divididos en cuatro grupos: gerentes del PCL; profesionales del Centro de Referencia (CR); profesionales de atención primaria y usuarios. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas, utilizando la técnica del Círculo Hermenéutico-Dialéctico. Posteriormente se realizaron tres talleres de validación y negociación de los datos. Para el análisis se utilizó el Método Comparativo Constante. Resultados se evidenció el mantenimiento del modelo vertical de atención a la lepra, sustentado en determinantes socio-histórico-culturales que se expresan en la permanencia del ingreso a la demanda espontánea en el CR; en la derivación rutinaria del usuario a atención secundaria; en la ineficiencia de la contrarreferencia; en la centralización de la poliquimioterapia; en la creencia en la necesidad de atención especializada y en el estigma. Se evidenciaron debilidades en el vínculo con la atención primaria. Conclusión la descentralización del PCH involucra la tensión entre los actores en cada punto de la atención en salud, generando disputas sobre conocimientos y prácticas de salud. Implicaciones para la práctica la sostenibilidad de la descentralización requiere de una participación política e institucional, enfocada en el fortalecimiento de la atención primaria, reorientando el rol de los servicios en la red de atención a la lepra y en la educación para la salud.


Abstract Objective to evaluate the decentralization of the Leprosy Control Program (LCP) in Governador Valadares. Method the theoretical and methodological framework was the Fourth Generation Evaluation, with a qualitative-participatory approach. The study involved 30 subjects divided into four groups: managers of the LCP; professionals of the Reference Center (RC); primary care professionals and users. Data were collected through interviews, using the Hermeneutic-Dialectic Circle technique. Subsequently, three workshops were held for data validation and negotiation. The Constant Comparative Method was used for the analysis. Results the maintenance of the vertical model of leprosy care was evidenced, sustained by social-historical-cultural determinants that are expressed in: the permanence of the gateway to spontaneous demand in the RC; the routine referral of the user to secondary care; the inefficiency of counter-reference; the centralization of multidrug therapy; the belief in the need for specialized care, and stigma. Weaknesses in the link with primary care were evidenced. Conclusion and implications for practice The sustainability of decentralization requires political and institutional involvement focused on strengthening primary care, reorienting the role of the services in the leprosy care network, and health education. The decentralization of the LCP involves tension between the actors of each health care point, generating disputes of knowledge and health practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Health Evaluation , Leprosy/prevention & control , National Health Programs , Referral and Consultation , Secondary Care , Brazil , Health Personnel , Qualitative Research , Social Stigma
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210159, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375799

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Inpatient consultations are a fundamental component of practice in tertiary care centers. However, such consultations demand resources, generating a significant workload. Objectives To investigate the profile of inpatient consultations requested by other specialties and provided by the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team at an academic tertiary hospital. Methods Prospective observational study. Results From May 2017 to May 2018, 223 consultations were provided, representing 2.2% of the workload. Most consultations were requested by Oncology (16.6%), Hematology (9.9%), Nephrology (9.0%), and Cardiology (6.3%). The leading reasons for inpatient consultation were: need for vascular access (51.1%) and requests to evaluate a vascular disease (48.9%). Acute venous diseases accounted for 19.3% of consultations, chronic arterial diseases for 14.8%, acute arterial diseases for 7.2%, diabetic feet for 5.4%, and chronic venous diseases accounted for 2.2%. Surgical treatment was performed in 57.0%, either conventional (43.9%) or endovascular (13.0%). Almost all (98.2%) patients' issues were resolved. Conclusions Inpatient consultations with the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team in a tertiary academic hospital accounted for 2.2% of the team's entire workload. Most patients were elective and underwent low-complexity elective surgical procedures. There may be an opportunity to improve healthcare, redirecting these patients to the outpatient flow.


RESUMO Introdução Interconsultas são um componente fundamental da prática clínica em centros de atendimento terciários. No entanto, esse tipo de consulta requer recursos, resultando em uma alta carga de trabalho. Objetivo Investigar o perfil das interconsultas solicitadas por outros departamentos e realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário. Métodos Estudo observacional prospectivo. Resultados De maio de 2017 a maio de 2018, foram realizadas 223 consultas, correspondendo a 2,2% da carga de trabalho. A maioria das consultas foram solicitadas pelos departamentos de Oncologia (16,6%), Hematologia (9,9%), Nefrologia (9,0%) e Cardiologia (6,3%). As principais razões das interconsultas foram a necessidade de acesso vascular (51,1%) e de avaliação de doenças vasculares (48,9%). As doenças venosas agudas corresponderam a 19,3% das avaliações; as doenças arteriais crônicas, a 14,8%; as doenças arteriais agudas, a 7,2%; o pé diabético, a 5,4%; e as doenças venosas crônicas corresponderam a 2,2%. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico em 57,0% dos casos, tanto convencional (43,9%) quanto endovascular (13,0%). Foram resolvidos os problemas de quase todos os pacientes (98,2%). Conclusão As interconsultas realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário corresponderam a 2,2% da carga de trabalho total. A maioria dos pacientes eram eletivos e foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos eletivos de baixa complexidade. O redirecionamento desses pacientes para o atendimento ambulatorial poderia auxiliar na melhoria dos serviços de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Admission , Referral and Consultation , Tertiary Healthcare/methods , Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration , Vascular Surgical Procedures/organization & administration , Prospective Studies , Workload , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Health Resources , Hospitals, University
20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210104, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356224

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo identificar o cuidado em saúde à criança de zero a 24 meses na atenção primária em uma região de fronteira. Método estudo qualitativo realizado na Atenção Primária à Saúde, com 14 mães e cinco enfermeiras, com o uso de entrevistas semiestruturadas, de março de 2018 a junho de 2019. A análise temática de conteúdo orientou a análise dos dados. Resultados identificaram-se visitas domiciliares escassas no seguimento da criança cujos problemas comuns da infância condicionam o acesso aos serviços de saúde para a consulta médica, o uso de práticas populares ou a indicação de medicações por farmacêuticos/atendentes de farmácia; o acesso às Unidades de Pronto Atendimento em detrimento das unidades de Atenção Primária por carência de pediatras neste nível de atenção, além de carência de especialistas e morosidade para a realização de exames na rede de saúde. Conclusão a carência de profissionais de saúde, de especialistas na rede e de recursos materiais são obstáculos a serem superados para o cuidado da criança em região de fronteira. O seguimento da criança brasileira residente no Paraguai requer planejamento.


Resumen Objetivo identificar la atención de salud para niños de cero a 24 meses en atención primaria en una región fronteriza. Método estudio cualitativo realizado en Atención Primaria de Salud, con 14 madres y cinco enfermeras, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas, de marzo de 2018 a junio de 2019. El análisis de contenido temático guió el análisis de datos. Resultados se identificaron escasas visitas domiciliarias en el seguimiento de los niños cuyos problemas comunes de la infancia afectan el acceso a los servicios de salud para la consulta médica, el uso de prácticas populares o la indicación de medicamentos por parte de los farmacéuticos / asistentes de farmacia; el acceso a las Unidades de Urgencias en detrimento de las Unidades de Atención Primaria por la falta de pediatras en este nivel de atención, además de la falta de especialistas y retrasos en la realización de pruebas en la red sanitaria. Conclusión la falta de profesionales de la salud, especialistas en la red y de recursos materiales son obstáculos a superar para el cuidado del niño en la región fronteriza. El seguimiento de los niños brasileños que residen en Paraguay requiere planificación.


Abstract Objective to identify the health care provided to children from zero to 24 months of age in primary care in a border region. Method a qualitative study conducted in Primary Health Care, with 14 mothers and five nurses, with the use of semi-structured interviews, from March 2018 to June 2019. Thematic content analysis guided the data analysis. Results scarce home visits were identified in the follow-up of children whose common childhood problems condition access to health services for medical consultation, the use of popular practices or the indication of medications by pharmacists/pharmacy assistants; access to Emergency Care Units instead of Primary Care units due to the lack of pediatricians in this level of care, in addition to the lack of specialists and slowness to perform exams in the health network. Conclusion the lack of health professionals, of specialists in the network, and of material resources are obstacles to be overcome for the care of children in the border region. The follow-up of Brazilian children living in Paraguay requires planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Child Care , Child Health , Border Health , Paraguay , Referral and Consultation , Health Centers , Child Health Services/supply & distribution , Infant Mortality , Continuity of Patient Care , Qualitative Research , Health Services Accessibility , House Calls , Medically Underserved Area , Nursing Care
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