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1.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 54-59, 18-jul-2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379493

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la satisfacción con la calidad en la atención de enfermería por parte del paciente es el resultado de la relación profesional entre la enfermera y el paciente. Objetivo: evaluar la satisfacción con la calidad en la atención de enfermería de los pacientes de hemodiálisis de un hospital de especialidades en Sonora. Metodología: estudio cuantitativo, observacional, descriptivo, transversal y prospectivo, realizado mediante la aplicación del cuestionario SERVQHOS-E, que consta de 16 ítems y una encuesta de opinión y sirve para medir la satisfacción del paciente y la calidad percibida de la atención de enfermería. El análisis de datos se hizo con estadística descriptiva, frecuencias relativas y absolutas. Resultados: se estudiaron 146 pacientes. En cuanto a percepción de la calidad de la atención de enfermería, 99.3% estuvieron satisfechos y solo 0.7% estuvieron insatisfechos. En relación con la satisfacción global, el 100% se manifestaron satisfechos y 99.3% de los pacientes recomendaría el servicio. Conclusión: los pacientes con hemodiálisis de un hospital de especialidades en Sonora se encuentran satisfechos.


Introduction: Patient satisfaction with the quality of nursing care is the result of the professional relationship between nurse and patient. Objective: To assess patient satisfaction with hemodialysis as relates to the quality of nursing care in a specialty hospital in Sonora. Methodology: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study, which was carried out using the SERVQHOS-E questionnaire, which consists of 16 items and one survey and measures the patient satisfaction and the perceived quality about nursing care. Data analysis was completed through descriptive statistics, relative and absolute frequencies. Results: 146 patients were studied. Concerning the perceived quality of nursing care, 99.3% were satisfied and only 0.7% reported dissatisfaction. Regarding global satisfaction, 100% of patients expressed satisfaction with their stay and 99.3% would recommend the services received to others. Conclusion: Hemodialysis patients at a specialty hospital in Sonora are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Quality of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Care/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 49-53, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380366

ABSTRACT

La Insuficiencia Renal Aguda (IRA), es sin dudas una de las complicaciones más frecuentes que puede presentar el paciente crítico; la cual se define como la disminución en la capacidad que tienen los riñones para eliminar productos nitrogenados de desechos. En las unidades de cuidados críticos la causa de las mismas puede ser multifactorial y se relaciona con el fallo multiorgánico. El presente trabajo es un relato de experiencia, un trabajo descriptivo de experiencias de la terapia en reemplazo renal continuo, acompañado además de recolección bibliográfica, cuyo objetivo principal es la capacitación en el tratamiento de las insuficiencias renales en los pacientes críticos con la terapia de reemplazo renal continuo. Para abordar esta temática, se conformó un equipo multidisciplinario en el mes de Abril del año 2021, entre los servicios de Unidad de Cuidados Crítico y el Servicio de Nefrología, en donde se desarrolló un plan de capacitación de manera virtual para abordar el tratamiento a los pacientes con fallo renal, el cual contó además con la disertación y capacitación de personal altamente calificados en el tema, para posteriormente realizar un entrenamiento teórico-práctico en el servicio de Hemodiálisis del Sanatorio Allende de Nueva Córdoba, en la técnica de conexión y desconexión de catéteres de hemodiálisis, en el cual asistieron un total de 26 enfermeros del área de Terapia Intensiva de ambas sedes con el fin de aprender la técnica específica que se aplicará en los pacientes que serán sometidos a hemofiltración venovenosa continua[AU]


Acute Renal Insufficiency (AKI) is undoubtedly one of the most frequent complications that critical patients may present; which is defined as the decrease in the ability of the kidneys to eliminate nitrogenous waste products. In critical care units, their cause can be multifactorial and is related to multiorgan failure.The present work is a report of experiences, a descriptive work of experiences of continuous renal replacement therapy, accompanied by a bibliographic collection, whose main objective is training in the treatment of renal insufficiency in critical patients with replacement therapy. continuous kidney. To address this issue, a multidisciplinary team was formed in April 2021, between the services of the Critical Care Unit and the Nephrology Service, where a training plan was developed virtually to address the treatment of patients. patients with kidney failure, which also included the dissertation and training of highly qualified personnel on the subject, to subsequently carry out theoretical-practical training in the Hemodialysis service of the Allende Sanatorium in Nueva Córdoba, in the connection and disconnection technique of hemodialysis catheters, which was attended by a total of 26 nurses from the Intensive Care area of both sites in order to learn the specific technique that will be applied to patients who will undergo continuous venovenous hemofiltration[AU]


A Insuficiência Renal Aguda (LRA) é, semdúvida, uma das complicaçõesmaisfrequentes que os pacientes críticos podemapresentar; que é definida como a diminuição da capacidade dos rins de eliminar produtosresiduais nitrogenados. Em unidades de terapia intensiva, sua causa pode ser multifatorial e está relacionada à falência de múltiplos órgãos. O presente trabalho é um relato de experiências, umtrabalhodescritivo de experiências de terapia renal substitutiva contínua, acompanhado de umlevantamento bibliográfico, cujo objetivo principal é a capacitação no tratamento da insuficiência renal em pacientes críticos com terapia substitutiva renal. Para abordar essaquestão, uma equipe multidisciplinar foi formada em abril de 2021, entre os serviços da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e o Serviço de Nefrologia, onde foi desenvolvido um plano de treinamento virtualmente para abordar o tratamento de pacientes com insuficiência renal, que incluiutambém o dissertação e treinamento de pessoal altamente qualificado no assunto, para posteriormente realizar treinamento teórico-prático no serviço de Hemodiálise do Sanatório Allende em Nueva Córdoba, na técnica de conexão e desconexão de cateteres de hemodiálise, que contoucom a participação de um total de 26 enfermeiros da área de Terapia Intensiva de ambos os locais para conhecer a técnica específica que será aplicada aos pacientes que ser ãosubmetidos à hemofiltração venovenosa contínua[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis , Education, Distance , Critical Care , Renal Insufficiency , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Inservice Training , Multiple Organ Failure
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 406-411, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377398

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Frailty is consensually understood to be a clinical syndrome in which minimal stressors can lead to negative outcomes such as hospitalization, early institutionalization, falls, functional loss and death. Frailty is more prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those on dialysis are the frailest. Depression contributes towards putting patients with CKD into the frailty cycle. OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty and its relationship with depression among patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted in a renal therapy unit, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This investigation took place in 2019, among 80 patients. The following instruments were applied: a sociodemographic, economic and health condition characterization and the Subjective Frailty Assessment (SFA) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: Among the patients, there was higher prevalence of females, individuals with a steady partner and retirees, and their mean age was 59.63 (± 15.14) years. There was high prevalence of physical frailty (73.8%) and depression (93.7%). Depression was associated with frailty, such that patients with depression were 9.8 times more likely to be frail than were patients without depression (odds ratio, OR = 9.80; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.93-49.79). CONCLUSION: Based on the proposed objective and the results achieved, it can be concluded that depression was associated with the presence of frailty among patients with CKD on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Frailty/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Renal Dialysis , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Middle Aged
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 398-405, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The high number of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis makes it necessary to conduct studies aimed at improving their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate brain compliance, using the Brain4care method for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, among patients with ESRD before and at the end of the hemodialysis session, and to correlate ICP with the dialysis quality index (Kt/V). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at a renal replacement therapy center in Brazil. METHODS: Sixty volunteers who were undergoing hemodialysis three times a week were included in this study. Brain compliance was assessed before and after hemodialysis using the noninvasive Brain4care method and intracranial pressure wave morphology was analyzed. RESULTS: Among these 60 ESRD volunteers, 17 (28%) presented altered brain compliance before hemodialysis. After hemodialysis, 12 (20%) exhibited normalization of brain compliance. Moreover, 10 (83%) of the 12 patients whose post-dialysis brain compliance became normalized were seen to present good-quality dialysis, as confirmed by Kt/V > 1.2. CONCLUSIONS: It can be suggested that changes to cerebral compliance in individuals with ESRD occur frequently and that a good-quality hemodialysis session (Kt/V > 1.2) may be effective for normalizing the patient's cerebral compliance.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Brain , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022204, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363533

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the renal replacement therapy (RRT) of choice for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, not every KT is successful and some patients persist on RRT. OBJECTIVE: To model a logistic regression with pre- and post-KT risk covariates capable of predicting secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching stage V of CKD until the first six months post-KT. METHODS: Cohort with KT recipients from Northeastern Brazil. Medical records of KT performed between 2011-2018 were analyzed. KT-recipients with insufficient data or who abandoned follow-up were excluded. The covariables analyzed were: demographic; infectious; pre- and post-KT comorbidities; panel reactive-antibodies; number of HLA mismatches; acute rejection episodes mediated by T-cell (ACR) or antibodies (AAR) six months after KT; and laboratory tests six months after KT. RESULTS: Covariates with higher risk for the analyzed outcomes six months after KT were: elderly KT recipients (OR:1.41; CI95%:1.01-1.99), time between onset of RRT and KT (ΔT-RRT&KT)>10years (OR:3.54; CI95%:1.27-9.87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pre-KT (OR:3.35; CI95%:1.51-7.46), pyelonephritis (OR:2.45; CI95%:1.24-4.84), polyomavirus nephropathy (OR:4.99; CI95%:1.87-13.3), AAS (OR:4.82; CI95%:1.35-17.2), 24h-proteinuria ≥300mg/24h (OR:5.05; CI95%:2.00-12.7) and serum calcium (Ca) <8.5mg/dL (OR:4.72; CI95%:2.00-11.1). The multivariate model presented an accuracy of 88.1% and the mean variance inflation factor is 1.81. CONCLUSION: Elderly-recipients, ΔT-RRT&KT>10 years, pre-KT DM, and post-KT aggressions until six months (pyelonephritis, polyomavirus nephropathy, ABMR, 24h-proteinuria≥300mg/24h, and Ca<8.5mg/dL) are associated with high predictive power for secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching CKD stage V until the first six months post-KT.


INTRODUÇÃO: Transplante renal (TR) é a terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) de escolha para pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Entretanto, nem todo TR é bem-sucedido e alguns pacientes persistem em TRS. OBJETIVO: Modelar uma regressão logística com covariáveis de risco pré e pós-TR preditora da disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR. MÉTODOS: Coorte com receptores transplantados realizado em hospital no Nordeste brasileiro. Analisou-se registros médicos dos TR realizados entre 2011-2018. Receptores com dados insuficientes ou que abandonaram seguimento foram excluídos. Foram analisadas covariáveis: demográficas; infecciosas; comorbidades pré e pós-TR; painel de reatividade; incompatibilidades de HLA; episódios de rejeições agudas mediadas por células-T ou por anticorpos; exames laboratoriais seis meses pós-TR. RESULTADOS: Receptores idosos (OR:1,41; IC95%:1,01-1,99), tempo entre início da TRS e TR (∆T-TRS&TR)>10 anos (OR:3,54; IC95%:1,27-9,87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pré-TR (OR:3,35; IC95%:1,51-7,46), pielonefrite (OR:2,45; IC95%:1,24-4,84), nefropatia por poliomavírus (OR:4,99; IC95%:1,87-13,3), RAMA (OR:4,82; IC95%:1,35-17,2), proteinúria de 24h (Pt24h) ≥300mg/24h (OR:5,05; IC95%:2,00-12,7) e cálcio sérico (Ca)<8,5mg/dL (OR:4,72; IC95%:2,00-11,1) foram identificadas como covariáveis de maior risco para os desfechos analisados até seis meses pós-TR. O modelo multivariado apresentou acurácia de 88,1% e fator de inflação da variância médio de 1,81. CONCLUSÃO: Receptores idosos, ∆T-TRS&TR>10anos, DM pré-TR e agressões até seis meses pós-TR (pielonefrite, nefropatia por poliomavírus, RAMA, Pt24h≥300mg/24h e Ca<8,5mg/dL), apresentam alto poder preditivo para disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Allografts , Proteinuria , Pyelonephritis , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Immunosuppression Therapy , BK Virus , Disease Progression , Hypocalcemia
6.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(1): 27-38, 20220401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1366663

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Procesos como la mutagénesis, la carcinogénesis y la teratogénesis son producto de la interacción de agentes de origen endógeno como exógeno que interactúan con la molécula de ADN en forma crónica produciendo rupturas en la doble hélice, y en cromosomas completos resultando en la inestabilidad genómica. El estrés oxidativo al que se encuentran sometidas las células al formarse las especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS) y también las especies reactivas de nitrógeno (RNS), que pueden provenir de radicales producidos a consecuencia de la diabetes o en estados iniciales de la enfermedad renal crónica o como respuesta a procesos inflamatorios en estados avanzados de estas patologías, actúan como agentes genotóxicos endógenos.Objetivos: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar el daño basal en la molécula de ADN de pacientes diabéticos hemodializados, a través del ensayo del Cometa, como un bioindicador de inestabilidad genómica., durante seis meses de tratamiento. Materiales y métodos: Se planteó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo de cohorte para comparar los diferentes niveles de daño antes y durante los primeros seis del tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Se evaluó con el test del cometa o electroforesis de células individuales, el daño basal en muestras de sangre venosa de pacientes diagnosticados con Diabetes de tipo II como control negativo y en pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica antes de iniciar el tratamiento de diálisis y luego durante el tratamiento. Se utilizó el test de t- Student para muestras independientes y emparejadas. Resultados: Se observó un aumento significativo de daño basal y oxidativo en el material genético de pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica, comparados con los controles negativos (p< 0.005) y se observó, además, que el daño celular aumenta con el tratamiento de hemodiálisis (p<0.005). Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación permiten concluir que el estrés oxidativo tiene un efecto genotóxico y que el nivel de daño genético es un buen bioindicador del avance de la enfermedad renal crónica y que la hemodiálisis induce a un aumento de daño a nivel del material genético, aumentando el riesgo de carcinogénesis.


Introduction: Processes such as mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and teratogenesis are the product of the interaction of agents of endogenous and exogenous origin that interact with the DNA molecule in a chronic way producing ruptures in the double helix, and in complete chromosomes resulting in genomic instability. The oxidative stress to which the cells are subjected when reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are formed, which may come from radicals produced as a result of diabetes or in initial stages of chronic kidney disease or in response to inflammatory processes in advanced stages of these pathologies, act as endogenous genotoxic agents. Objectives: This research aimed to determine the basal damage in the DNA molecule of hemodialyzed diabetic patients, through the Comet assay, as a bioindicator of genomic instability, during six months of treatment. Materials and methods: For this research, a prospective longitudinal cohort study was proposed to compare the different levels of genetic damage before and during the first six of hemodialysis treatment. Baseline damage was evaluated with the comet test or single cell electrophoresis, in venous blood samples from patients diagnosed with Type II Diabetes as a negative control and in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease before starting dialysis treatment and then during treatment. Results: A significant increase in basal and oxidative damage was observed in the genetic material of diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, compared to negative controls (p< 0.005) and it was also observed that cell damage increases with hemodialysis treatment (p<0.005). The t-Student test was used for independent and paired samples. Conclusion: The results obtained in this research allow us to conclude that oxidative stress has a genotoxic effect and that the level of genetic damage is a good bioindicator of the progression of chronic kidney disease and that hemodialysis induces an increase in damage at the level of the genetic material, increasing the risk of carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Comet Assay , Dialysis , Research , DNA , Oxidative Stress
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 129-136, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364370

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms that occur during hemodialysis sessions. Despite the high prevalence of dialysis headache, it has been little studied. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics, impact and factors associated with dialysis headache. The behavior of the cerebral vasculature was also compared between patients with and without dialysis headache. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients who underwent hemodialysis were assessed through a semi-structured questionnaire, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed in the first and fourth hours of hemodialysis. Results: A total of 100 patients were included; 49 of them had dialysis headache. Women (OR=5.04; 95%CI 1.95-13.04), younger individuals (OR=1.05; 95%CI 1.01-1.08), individuals with higher schooling levels (OR=3.86; 95%CI 1.4-10.7) and individuals who had spent longer times on dialysis programs (OR=0.99; 95%CI 0.98-1) had more dialysis headache (logistic regression). Individuals with dialysis headache had worse quality of life in the domains of pain and general state of health (56.9 versus 76.4, p=0.01; 49.7 versus 60.2, p=0.03, respectively). Dialysis headache was associated with significantly greater impact on life (OR=24.4; 95%CI 2.6-226.6; logistic regression). The pulsatility index (transcranial Doppler ultrasonography) was lower among patients with dialysis headache than among those without them. Conclusions: Dialysis headaches occur frequently and are associated with worse quality of life and patterns of cerebral vasodilatation.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A cefaleia é um dos sintomas mais frequentes que ocorrem durante as sessões de hemodiálise. Apesar da alta prevalência, essa cefaleia é pouco estudada. Objetivo: Avaliar as características, impacto e fatores associados à cefaleia da diálise. O comportamento da vasculatura cerebral também foi comparado entre pacientes com e sem cefaleia da diálise. Métodos: Este foi um estudo transversal. Pacientes consecutivos submetidos à hemodiálise foram avaliados por meio de questionário semiestruturado, do Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale e Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Foi realizada ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana na primeira e na quarta horas de hemodiálise. Resultados: Foram incluídos 100 pacientes, 49 deles tinham cefaleia da diálise. Mulheres (OR=5,04; IC95% 1,95-13,04), indivíduos mais jovens (OR=1,05; IC95% 1,01-1,08), com maior escolaridade (OR=3,86; IC95% 1,4-10,7) e que passaram mais tempo em programas de diálise (OR=0,99, IC95% 0,98-1) tiveram mais cefaleia da diálise (regressão logística). Indivíduos com cefaleia dialítica tiveram pior qualidade de vida nos domínios dor e estado geral de saúde (56,9 versus 76,4, p=0,01; 49,7 versus 60,2, p=0,03, respectivamente). A cefaleia da diálise foi associada a um impacto significativamente maior na vida (OR=24,4; IC95% 2,6-226,6; regressão logística). O índice de pulsatilidade (ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana) foi menor entre os pacientes com cefaleia da diálise do que entre aqueles sem. Conclusões: A cefaleia da diálise ocorre com frequência e está associada a pior qualidade de vida e a padrões de vasodilatação cerebral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Headache/etiology , Headache/diagnostic imaging
8.
9.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 297-304, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366052

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are recommended safety measures for healthcare professionals to follow, with a view to preventing healthcare-related infections (HCRIs) and for their own protection. Inadequate adherence to these measures can lead to occurrences of occupational accidents and HCRIs. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the knowledge of and adherence to SP measures among the nursing staff of a hemodialysis service and the relationship of these variables to occurrences of work accidents with biological material. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive cross-sectional and correlational study with a quantitative approach developed in a hemodialysis clinic in Minas Gerais. METHODS: Data were collected through sociodemographic questionnaires and questionnaires on knowledge of and adherence to SPs. RESULTS: 29 professionals participated in the study. It is noteworthy that all of them had already participated in training related to SPs. However, no relationship was identified between knowledge of (15.17 points) and adherence to (71.86 points) SPs. In addition, inferential analysis showed that there was a relationship between suffering a work accident with biological material and the sociodemographic data and knowledge of and adherence to standard precautions. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the SPs that had been established did not mean mastery of the subject. Despite positive results regarding adherence, factors requiring improvement were observed. It was possible to infer the characteristics that gave rise to greater risk of occurrences of accidents at work. Thus, this study showed the importance of assessing knowledge of and adherence to SP, in order to optimize and direct continuing education towards resolving occupational exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Renal Dialysis , Infection Control/methods
10.
Av Enferm ; 40(1): 50-62, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1349176

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mensurar a ativação de pacientes em hemodiálise e determinar os fatores associados à ativação dessa população. Materiais e método: estudo exploratório, de caráter descritivo e corte transversal com 162 pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico no interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados de janeiro a abril de 2019, com instrumentos para avaliação sociodemográfica, socioeconômica e clínica e da escala Patient Activation Measure de 13 itens. A análise de dados foi realizada por estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: a medida de ativação dos pacientes em hemodiálise variou de 39,4 a 90,7 pontos, em que a média é 60,85 + 15,57 pontos e a mediana 53,2 (IC: 58,4- 63,3) pontos. Dos participantes, 52,5 % (n = 85) apresentavam baixa ativação, sendo que o menor quantitativo de pessoas (18,5 %, n = 30) se encontrava no nível 3. Foi associado à maior prevalência de alta ativação o fato de apresentar o nível superior de ensino e não necessitar de cuidador. Conclusões: embora as variáveis associadas à alta ativação não sejam modificadas pelos profissionais de saúde, conhecê-las permite inferir qual o perfil de pacientes em hemodiálise que necessitam de intervenções direcionadas ao aumento dos níveis de ativação


Objetivo: medir la activación de pacientes en hemodiálisis y determinar los factores asociados con la activación de esta población. Materiales y método: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo y transversal con 162 pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis en el interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Los datos fueron recopilados entre enero y abril de 2019 mediante instrumentos para evaluación sociodemográfica, socioeconómica y ecológica y el uso de la escala de Medición de Activación del Paciente de 13 ítems. El análisis de los datos se llevó a cabo por medio de estadística descriptiva y regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta. Resultados: la medida de activación de los pacientes en hemodiálisis osciló entre 39,4 y 90,7 puntos, siendo la media de 60,85 ± 15,57 puntos y la mediana de 53,2 (IC: 58,4-63,3) puntos. El 52,5 % (n = 85) de los participantes presentaba baja activación y el 18,5 % (n = 30) de la muestra fue clasificado en el nivel 3. Tener un nivel de educación superior y no requerir de un cuidador fueron variables asociadas a una mayor prevalencia de alta activación en este tipo de pacientes. Conclusiones: aunque las variables asociadas con una alta activación no pueden ser modificadas por los profesionales de la salud, conocerlas permite inferir el perfil de pacientes en hemodiálisis que requiere intervenciones dirigidas a incrementar sus niveles de activación.


Objective: To measure the activation of hemodialysis patients and determine the factors associated with the activation of this population. Materials and method: Exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional study with 162 hemodialysis patients residing in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data was collected from January to April 2019, using instruments for sociodemographic, socioeconomic and clinical evaluation and the 13-item Patient Activation Measure scale. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The activation measure of the studied patients ranged from 39.4 to 90.7 points, with a mean of 60.85 ± 15.57 points and a median of 53.2 (CI: 58.4-63.3). Among participants, 52.5 % (n = 85) reported low activation, while the smallest share of patients (18.5 %, n = 30) was classified within level 3. A higher level of educational attainment and not requiring a caregiver were the variables associated with a higher prevalence of high activation among these patients. Conclusions: Although the variables associated with high activation cannot be modified by health professionals, recognizing them allows us to infer the profile of hemodialysis patients in need for interventions aimed at increasing their activation levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Participation , Self Care , Renal Dialysis , Self-Management
11.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4543-e4549, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1366652

ABSTRACT

Context and objective. The steady increase in the number of chronic hemodialysis patients in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) calls for improved management of those patients. The present study aimed to determine the frequency of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, the prevalent genotypes, and the risk factors associated with HCV in hemodialysis patients in Kinshasa (DR Congo). Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to June 2018 in all hemodialysis centers in Kinshasa. Blood samples were collected from 127 chronic hemodialysis patients and tested for the presence of antibodies against HCV. The HCV genotype was identified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR). Results. Twenty-two (17.3 %) patients were positive for anti-HCV antibodies, ranging from 0 % to 52.9 % in different centers. Genotype 4 was detected in 18/22 (81.8 %), followed by genotype 2 in 2/22 (9.1%), and both genotypes 2 and 4 in one patient (4.5%). One patient had an undetermined genotype (4.5 %). Having received at least 4 transfusions [7,21 (1,09- 10,61); p=0.040)], not being under EPO treatment [5,81(1,47-12,96); p=0.012)], being on hemodialysis for at least 14 months [3,63(1,60-5,05); p=0.035)]and being dialyzed in an overloaded center [2,06(0,83-5,86); p=0.073)] were associated with a greater risk of HCV infection. Conclusion. This high HCV prevalence (17.3 %) represents a substantial health burden in HD patients from Kinshasa, DR Congo. It is largely driven by the number of blood transfusions, the duration time in hemodialysis. Observations from the present study underscore the need of reducing the number of blood transfusions in people on dialysis through the administration of erythropoietin, given the unaffordable cost of HCV therapy for most individuals in DR Congo.


Contexte et Objectifs. Le nombre des patients hémodialisés en Afrique subsaharienne en constante augmentation ; justifiant de ce fait une meilleure prise en charge de ces patients. La présente étude détermine la prévalence de l'infection par le virus de l'hépatite C en en determinant les génotypes ainsi que les facteurs y associés dans ce groupe de patients. Méthodes. 127 patients hémodialisés chroniques ont subis des tests sérologiques à la recherche des anticorps anti-VHC dans plusieurs centres de Kinshasa de février à juin 2018. Le génotype viral a été déterminé par la RT-PCR. Résultats. La fréquence des anticorps anti-VHC a varié de 0 à 52,9 % dans ce groupe. Les génotypes le plus fréquents ont été le 4 (18/22) et le 2 (2/22) ; étant sumultanément rétrouvé chez un patient, et indéterminé chez un autre sujet. Avoir reçu au moins 4 transfusions [7,21 (1,09-10,61; p=0.040)], ne pas être sous EPO [5,81(1,47-12,96); p=0.012)], être en hémodialyse depuis au moins 14 mois [3,63(1,60- 5,05); p=0.035)] et être dialysé dans un centre surchargé [2,06 (0,83-5,86); p=0.073)] étaient associés à un risque plus élevé d'infection par le VHC. Conclusion. Ses principaux déterminants sont : le nombre des transfusions sanguines et la durée d'HD ; d'où la nécessité de réduire les transfusions sanguines chez les sujets dialysés par l'administration d'EPO, étant donné le coût prohibitif du traitement contre le VHC dans notre contexte


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Epidemiologic Factors , Hepacivirus , Genotype , Prevalence , Renal Dialysis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928880

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the current situation of performance testing of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing, which has slow efficiency, inaccurate measurement, and inconvenient testing, a portable detection system for testing the performance of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing is designed. The system mainly includes a hardware system and a software system. The hardware system uses STM32F407 single-chip microcomputer as the core to design the driving control of the roller pump; the software system uses the C++ real-time operating system, and the flow detection data is transmitted to the upper computer through RS485 communication and displayed. Experimental showed that the system detects the accuracy and the stability of the flow rate. It has the characteristics of stability and high precision. The relative error of the experimental measurement is within the range of ±10%. The weight of the whole machine is 2 kg, which improves the efficiency by 50% compared with the traditional detection method.


Subject(s)
Computers , Equipment Design , Extracorporeal Circulation , Microcomputers , Renal Dialysis , Software
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928135

ABSTRACT

This Meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the effects of Bailing Capsules on microinflammation and nutritional status of maintenance hemodialysis patients, and to determine its efficacy and safety. The randomized controlled trials concerning the intervention of microinflammation and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients with Bailing Capsules were searched from Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library. A total of 16 articles were obtained, involving 1 095 cases. As revealed by Meta-analysis,(1)Bailing Capsules lowered the levels of serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein(SMD=-0.92, 95%CI[-1.05,-0.80], P<0.000 01), interleukin-6(SMD=-1.49, 95%CI[-1.96,-1.02], P<0.000 01), and tumor necrosis factor-α(SMD=-1.48, 95%CI[-1.68,-1.28], P<0.000 01) in patients with maintenance hemodialysis, thus alleviating microinflammation.(2)Bailing Capsules elevated the levels of serum hemoglobin(SMD=1.37, 95%CI[1.21, 1.54], P<0.000 01), albumin(SMD=0.78, 95%CI[0.57, 0.98], P<0.000 01), and triglyceride(SMD=0.29, 95%CI[0.07, 0.50], P=0.01) in patients with hemodialysis to improve their nutritional status.(3)Bailing Capsules reduced the incidence of cardiovascular events(RR=0.45, 95%CI[0.34, 0.59], P<0.000 01).(4)A total of six patients presented with mild gastrointestinal discomfort after receiving Bailing Capsules, and no serious adverse reactions were observed. The sequential analysis showed that the sample size of this Meta-analysis had reached the expected value. Meanwhile, the grade of evidence quality suggested that the outcome indicators were mainly low or extremely low in quality. In conclusion, Bailing Capsules might have potential advantages in alleviating microinflammation, improving nutritional status, and reducing the incidence of cardiovascular events. However, in view of the low quality and evidence of the included literature, high-quality clinical trials are needed to further confirm the efficacy and safety of Bailing Capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927474

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#In patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) suitable for peritoneal dialysis (PD), PD should ideally be planned and initiated electively (planned-start PD). If patients present late, some centres initiate PD immediately with an urgent-start PD strategy. However, as urgent-start PD is resource intensive, we evaluated another strategy where patients first undergo emergent haemodialysis (HD), followed by early PD catheter insertion, and switch to PD 48-72 hours after PD catheter insertion (early-start PD). Conventionally, late-presenting patients are often started on HD, followed by deferred PD catheter insertion before switching to PD≥14 days after catheter insertion (deferred start PD).@*METHODS@#This is a retrospective study of new ESKD patients, comparing the planned-start, early-start and deferred-start PD strategies. Outcomes within 1 year of dialysis initiation were studied.@*RESULTS@#Of 148 patients, 57 (38.5%) patients had planned-start, 23 (15.5%) early-start and 68 (45.9%) deferred-start PD. Baseline biochemical parameters were similar except for a lower serum urea with planned-start PD. No significant differences were seen in the primary outcomes of technique and patient survival across all 3 subgroups. Compared to planned-start PD, early-start PD had a shorter time to catheter migration (hazard ratio [HR] 14.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.65-121.04, P=0.016) while deferred-start PD has a shorter time to first peritonitis (HR 2.49, 95% CI 1.03-6.01, P=0.043) and first hospital admission (HR 2.03, 95% CI 1.35-3.07, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Planned-start PD is the best PD initiation strategy. However, if this is not possible, early-start PD is a viable alternative. Catheter migration may be more frequent with early-start PD but does not appear to impact technique survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927460

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients are high. We examined the incidence and predictors of death and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in ESRF patients on different modalities of dialysis.@*METHOD@#Data were obtained from a population-based database (National Registry Disease Offices) in Singapore. The study cohort comprised all adult patients initiated on dialysis between 2007 and 2012 who were closely followed for the development of death and AMI until September 2014. Cox regression methods were used to identify predictors of death and AMI.@*RESULTS@#Of 5,309 patients, 4,449 were on haemodialysis and 860 on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Mean age of the cohort was 61 (±13) years (44% women), of Chinese (67%), Malay (25%) and Indian (7%) ethnicities. By September 2014, the incidence of all-cause death was 34%; close to a third of the patients died from a cardiovascular cause. Age >60 years and the presence of ischaemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and PD were identified as independent predictors of all-cause death. PD patients had lower odds of survival compared to patients on haemodialysis (hazard ratio 1.51, 95% confidence interval 1.35-1.70, P<0.0001). Predictors of AMI in this cohort were older age (>60 years) and the presence of ischaemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and current/ex-smokers. There were no significant differences in the incidence of AMI between patients on PD and haemodialysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term incidence of death and AMI remains high in Singapore. Future studies should investigate the benefits of a tighter control of cardiovascular risk factors among ESRF patients on dialysis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Dialysis
16.
HU rev ; 48: 1-8, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377791

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A análise da ingestão alimentar de pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) em tratamento dialítico é eficaz para fornecer informações a fim de auxiliar no diagnóstico nutricional e nortear as condutas dietéticas necessárias. Objetivo: Analisar a adequação do consumo alimentar de acordo com as recomendações publicadas pelo Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) para macro e micronutrientes, além de avaliar a capacidade antioxidante total da dieta (CATd), de portadores de DRC. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal, com 60 voluntários portadores de DRC em tratamento hemodialítico de um Hospital Universitário de Juiz de Fora ­ MG. A caracterização da amostra foi feita no período de junho de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020, através da aplicação de um Questionário Quantitativo de Frequência Alimentar (QQFA) e de coleta de dados pessoais, clínicos e comorbidades. As análises estatísticas foram conduzidas utilizando-se o software SPSS, versão 20.0. As variáveis numéricas foram apresentadas na forma de média (± desvio-padrão), mediana, mínimo e máximo, enquanto as categóricas em frequência absoluta e relativa. Resultados: Observou-se que 43% e 55% dos pacientes apresentaram um consumo calórico e proteico acima do preconizado pela KDOQI, respectivamente. Para os micronutrientes, foi observado que 77% dos pacientes apresentaram consumo de cálcio abaixo do recomendado e de fósforo 65% maior do que a recomendação atual. Percebeu-se que 67% e 40% dos pacientes apresentaram adequado consumo de sódio e potássio. O perfil lipídico da dieta dos pacientes, demonstrou uma desproporção da razão ômega 6/ômega 3, além de um CATd de 4,05 mmol/dia. Conclusão: Através do presente estudo podemos concluir que o consumo alimentar dos pacientes em hemodiálise avaliados apresenta algumas inadequações em relação às recomendações propostas pela literatura.


Introduction: The analysis of food intake in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing dialysis is effective to provide information to assist in nutritional diagnosis and guide the necessary dietary behaviors. Objective: To analyze the adequacy of food consumption according to the recommendations published by the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) for macro and micronutrients, in addition to evaluating the total antioxidant capacity of the diet (CATd) of patients with CKD. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 60 volunteers with CKD undergoing hemodialysis treatment at a University Hospital in Juiz de Fora ­ MG. The characterization of the sample was carried out from June 2019 to February 2020, through the application of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QQFA) and the collection of personal, clinical and comorbid data. Statistical analyzes were conducted using SPSS software, version 20.0. Numerical variables were presented as mean (± standard deviation), median, minimum and maximum, while categorical variables in absolute and relative frequency. Results: It was observed that 43% and 55% of the patients had a caloric and protein consumption above that recommended by the KDOQI, respectively. For micronutrients, it was observed that 77% of the patients had calcium intake below the recommended level and phosphorus consumption 65% higher than the current recommendation. It was noticed that 67% and 40% of the patients had adequate consumption of sodium and potassium. The lipid profile of the patients' diet showed a disproportion of the omega 6/omega 3 ratio, in addition to a CATd of 4.05 mmol/day. Conclusion: Through the present study we can conclude that the food consumption of the evaluated hemodialysis patients presents some inadequacies in relation to the recommendations proposed by the literature


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Dialysis , Diet , Eating , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Food , Kidney Diseases
17.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 36: e38203, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376471

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender o conhecimento dos profissionais de enfermagem acerca das medidas de biossegurança na prevenção de agravos à saúde durante a assistência em hemodiálise. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados da LILACS e BDENF e no diretório de revistas da SciELO. Foram identificadas 691 obras. Após aplicados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, a amostra final foi composta por 12 artigos. Resultados: os profissionais de enfermagem aderem parcialmente às medidas de biossegurança e compreendem sua necessidade, assim como detêm conhecimento sobre a temática, muito embora esse mesmo conhecimento não tenha sido aplicado em sua totalidade na assistência. Conclusão: os profissionais detêm conhecimento acerca das medidas de biossegurança e reconhecem a necessidade da sua aplicação como instrumento efetivo no desempenho das suas atividades laborais, adotando e recomendando a sua utilização. No entanto, existem lacunas do conhecimento entre o discurso e a prática assistencial. Considerações finais: condições precárias da Atenção Primária à Saúde implicam em desestruturação de resposta adequada em momentos de emergências sanitárias.


Objective: to understand the knowledge of nursing professionals about biosafety measures in the prevention of health problems during hemodialysis care. Method: integrative review of the literature performed in LILACS and BDENF databases and in the directory of SciELO journals. 691 works were identified. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, the final sample consisted of 12 articles. Results: nursing professionals partially adhere to biosafety measures and understand their need, as well as have knowledge about the theme, even though this same knowledge has not been applied in its entirety in care. Conclusion: professionals have knowledge about biosafety measures and recognize the need for their application as an effective instrument in the performance of their work activities, adopting and recommending their use. However, there are gaps in knowledge between discourse and care practice.


Objetivo: comprender el conocimiento de los profesionales de enfermería sobre las medidas de bioseguridad en la prevención de problemas de salud durante el cuidado de la hemodiálisis. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en bases de datos LILACS y BDENF y en el directorio de revistas SciELO. Se identificaron 691 obras. Después de aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, la muestra final consistió en 12 artículos. Resultados: los profesionales de enfermería se adhieren parcialmente a las medidas de bioseguridad y comprenden su necesidad, así como tienen conocimiento sobre el tema, a pesar de que este mismo conocimiento no se ha aplicado en su totalidad en el cuidado. Conclusión: los profesionales tienen conocimientos sobre las medidas de bioseguridad y reconocen la necesidad de su aplicación como un instrumento eficaz en el desempeño de sus actividades laborales, adoptando y recomendando su uso. Sin embargo, existen brechas en el conocimiento entre el discurso y la práctica del cuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Containment of Biohazards/nursing , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital/organization & administration , Nursing Care/methods
18.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039008234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374046

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a experiência do estigma em narrativas sobre o adoecimento crônico de homens em tratamento hemodialítico. Métodos Estudo qualitativo desenvolvido com 24 homens em Unidade de Hemodiálise em cidade localizada na região nordeste do Brasil. Os dados foram extraídos de entrevistas individuais em profundidade, submetidas à análise metodológica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo e interpretados à luz da teoria do estigma. Resultados As narrativas indicam as marcas da doença, quando estranham o próprio corpo e se percebem diferentes. Evidencia componentes do estigma a exemplo do descrédito, perda do status, afastamento e aplicação de rótulos. Também percebem as consequências da estigmatização, adotam medidas de autopreservação e ressaltam a importância do cuidado recebido de enfermeiras para seu enfrentamento. Conclusão A estigmatização cria barreiras para a sociabilidade, acesso a bens e serviços de saúde e seguridade social, e repercute sobre a imagem corporal, adaptação e enfrentamento do adoecimento crônico.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la experiencia del estigma en narrativas sobre la dolencia crónica de hombres en tratamiento hemodialítico. Métodos Estudio cualitativo desarrollado con 24 hombres en Unidad de Hemodiálisis en una ciudad ubicada en la región nordeste de Brasil. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante entrevistas individuales en profundidad, sometidas al análisis metodológico del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo e interpretados a la luz de la teoría del estigma. Resultados Las narrativas indican las marcas de la enfermedad, al extrañar el propio cuerpo y se perciben distintos. Evidencia componentes del estigma como ejemplo del descrédito, pérdida del estatus, alejamiento y atribución de clasificaciones. De la misma forma perciben las consecuencias de la estigmatización, adoptan medidas de autopreservación y destacan la importancia del cuidado recibido de las enfermeras para el enfrentamiento. Conclusión La estigmatización crea barreras para la sociabilidad, acceso a bienes y servicios de salud y seguridad social y tiene y repercute sobre la imagen corporal, adaptación y enfrentamiento de la enfermedad crónica.


Abstract Objective To analyze the experience of stigma in narratives about the chronic illness of men on hemodialysis. Method Qualitative study conducted with 24 men in a Hemodialysis Unit in a city located in the Northeast region of Brazil. Data were extracted with in-depth individual interviews, which were analyzed according to the Discourse of the Collective Subject and interpreted under the light of stigma theory. Results The narratives indicate the marks of the disease, when men are placed at odds with their own bodies and perceive themselves as different. The results show components of stigma such as discredit, loss of status, estrangement and labeling. The men also perceive the consequences of stigmatization, adopt self-preservation measures and emphasize the importance of the care received from nurses to face this reality. Conclusion Stigma creates barriers to socialization, access to health and social security and affects body image, adaptation and coping with chronic illness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Renal Dialysis/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Social Stigma , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research , Men's Health , Frustration , Social Factors
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210199, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375804

ABSTRACT

Abstract Co-occurrence of acute limb ischemia (ALI) and arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as a manifestation of inadvertent arterial injury during percutaneous femoral vein dialysis catheter insertion is a rare and dangerous, but preventable complication. Iatrogenic femoral AVF commonly presents late, with leg swelling or high output cardiac failure. However, the co-occurrence of a femoral AVF with both progressive leg swelling, and acute thromboembolism has not been previously reported. We report the case of an iatrogenic femoral AVF with superficial femoral artery (SFA) thrombosis and distal embolism in a 53-year-old female who underwent percutaneous femoral access for temporary hemodialysis. Both the SFA and AVF were managed with open surgical repair.


Resumo A coocorrência de isquemia aguda de membro (IAM) e fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) como uma manifestação de lesão arterial inadvertida durante a inserção de cateter para hemodiálise por via femoral percutânea é uma complicação rara e perigosa, porém evitável. A FAV femoral iatrogênica geralmente tem apresentação tardia, com edema dos membros inferiores ou insuficiência cardíaca de alto débito. No entanto, a coocorrência de FAV femoral com edema progressivo dos membros inferiores e tromboembolismo agudo não foi previamente relatada. Relatamos o caso de uma FAV femoral iatrogênica com trombose da artéria femoral superficial (AFS) e embolia distal em uma paciente do sexo feminino, 53 anos, submetida à acesso femoral percutâneo para hemodiálise temporária. Tanto a AFS quanto a FAV foram manejadas com reparo cirúrgico aberto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Femoral Artery , Vascular Access Devices/adverse effects , Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia/complications , Thrombosis/surgery , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Renal Dialysis , Femoral Vein
20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20220006, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384922

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a correlação entre função sexual, sintomatologia depressiva e qualidade de vida de pessoas em tratamento hemodialítico. Método estudo transversal desenvolvido com 54 participantes. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre os meses de março a maio de 2020. Os dados foram analisados com os testes de Mann-Whitney e Correlação de Spearman, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados a correlação entre a função sexual e a sintomatologia depressiva somente foi clinicamente relevante para as mulheres (ρ= -0,724). Já em relação à qualidade de vida, observou-se que a função sexual geral dos homens está negativamente correlacionada com a dimensão dor (ρ= -0,349) e com a função social (ρ= -0,347). Já para as mulheres, a função sexual geral está positivamente correlacionada com a função física (ρ= 0,501), saúde geral (ρ= 0,737), componente mental (ρ= 0,497), sono (ρ= 0,753), qualidade da interação social (ρ= 0,621) e com a satisfação do paciente (ρ= 0,457). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o aumento da função sexual esteve fortemente correlacionado com a redução de sintomatologia depressiva e com o aumento da qualidade de vida, implicando a necessidade de fortalecer as abordagens sexuais por meio de protocolos que ofereçam fluxos de encaminhamento às equipes transdisciplinares especializadas.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar la correlación entre función sexual, síntomas depresivos y calidad de vida de personas en hemodiálisis. Método estudio transversal desarrollado con 54 participantes. La recolección de datos ocurrió entre marzo y mayo de 2020. Los datos fueron analizados mediante las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y Correlación de Spearman, con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados la correlación entre la función sexual y los síntomas depresivos solo fue clínicamente relevante para las mujeres (ρ= -0,724). En cuanto a la calidad de vida, se observó que la función sexual general de los hombres se correlaciona negativamente con la dimensión dolor (ρ= -0,349) y con la función social (ρ= -0,347). Para las mujeres, la función sexual general se correlaciona positivamente con la función física (ρ= 0,501), salud general (ρ= 0,737), componente mental (ρ= 0,497), sueño (ρ= 0,753), calidad de la interacción social (ρ= 0,621) y con la satisfacción del paciente (ρ= 0,457). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el aumento de la función sexual se correlacionó fuertemente con la reducción de los síntomas depresivos y con el aumento de la calidad de vida, lo que implica la necesidad de fortalecer los abordajes sexuales a través de protocolos que ofrezcan flujos de derivación para equipos transdisciplinarios especializados.


Objective to analyze the correlation between sexual function, depressive symptomatology and quality of life of people on hemodialysis treatment. Method a cross-sectional study developed with 54 participants. Data collection occurred between the months of March and May 2020. The data were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney and Spearman Correlation tests, with a 95% confidence interval. Results the correlation between sexual function and depressive symptomatology was only clinically relevant for women (ρ= -0.724). Regarding quality of life, it was observed that the overall sexual function of men is negatively correlated with the pain dimension (ρ= -0.349) and with the social function (ρ= -0.347). For women, overall sexual function is positively correlated with physical function (ρ= 0.501), general health (ρ= 0.737), mental component (ρ= 0.497), sleep (ρ= 0.753), quality of social interaction (ρ= 0.621), and patient satisfaction (ρ= 0.457). Conclusion and implications for the practice increased sexual function was strongly correlated with reduced depressive symptoms and increased quality of life, implying the need to strengthen sexual approaches through protocols that provide referral flows to specialized trans-disciplinary teams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Mental Health , Renal Dialysis , Sexuality/statistics & numerical data , Depression , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
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