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1.
Medwave ; 22(6): e002555, jul.-2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381419

ABSTRACT

Introducción La pandemia de COVID- 19 ha implicado la discontinuidad de atención en salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile y el mundo. El foco en la contención hospitalaria de la pandemia llevó a los equipos de atención primaria a responder de manera innata y diversa. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue identificar y sistematizar iniciativas de salud sexual y reproductiva planteadas por equipos de atención primaria en respuesta a la pandemia COVID- 19 en Chile, con el fin de comprender y aprender de los factores involucrados en esta, para mejorar futuras respuestas desde la lógica de buenas prácticas. Metodología Estudio de sistematización de iniciativas y prácticas en salud sexual y reproductiva en atención primaria, entre junio de 2020 y noviembre de 2021. Fue desarrollado en tres fases metodológicas: revisión de documentos, recolección de experiencias a través de instrumento electrónico enviado a los 29 servicios de salud de Chile y entrevistas de profundización. Se realizó un mapeo y caracterización de las iniciativas y análisis crítico de discurso de narrativas y entrevistas, según criterios de buenas prácticas. Resultados Se identificaron 41 iniciativas de 19 servicios de salud, principalmente de la Macro Zona Centro- sur, urbanas y de reorganización de atención. Fueron prácticas pertinentes, alineadas a sus objetivos, con procesos rápidos de implementación, estrategias innovadoras, alto uso de tecnologías con escasa pertinencia intercultural ni evaluación. El éxito percibido se relacionó con motivación, liderazgo, y resiliencia institucional y comunitaria. La adaptabilidad de las iniciativas emergió como una nueva necesidad y criterio. Conclusión Son importantes los aprendizajes emanados de las iniciativas que invitan a considerar la salud mental de los equipos, su relación con la comunidad, el uso de tecnologías, la evaluación de las prácticas considerando satisfacción, enfoques transversales y la adaptabilidad de estas, para mejorar la respuesta de atención primaria en salud sexual y reproductiva ante nuevas crisis.


Introducción La pandemia de COVID- 19 ha implicado la discontinuidad de atención en salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile y el mundo. El foco en la contención hospitalaria de la pandemia llevó a los equipos de atención primaria a responder de manera innata y diversa. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue identificar y sistematizar iniciativas de salud sexual y reproductiva planteadas por equipos de atención primaria en respuesta a la pandemia COVID- 19 en Chile, con el fin de comprender y aprender de los factores involucrados en esta, para mejorar futuras respuestas desde la lógica de buenas prácticas. Metodología Estudio de sistematización de iniciativas y prácticas en salud sexual y reproductiva en atención primaria, entre junio de 2020 y noviembre de 2021. Fue desarrollado en tres fases metodológicas: revisión de documentos, recolección de experiencias a través de instrumento electrónico enviado a los 29 servicios de salud de Chile y entrevistas de profundización. Se realizó un mapeo y caracterización de las iniciativas y análisis crítico de discurso de narrativas y entrevistas, según criterios de buenas prácticas. Resultados Se identificaron 41 iniciativas de 19 servicios de salud, principalmente de la Macro Zona Centro- sur, urbanas y de reorganización de atención. Fueron prácticas pertinentes, alineadas a sus objetivos, con procesos rápidos de implementación, estrategias innovadoras, alto uso de tecnologías con escasa pertinencia intercultural ni evaluación. El éxito percibido se relacionó con motivación, liderazgo, y resiliencia institucional y comunitaria. La adaptabilidad de las iniciativas emergió como una nueva necesidad y criterio. Conclusión Son importantes los aprendizajes emanados de las iniciativas que invitan a considerar la salud mental de los equipos, su relación con la comunidad, el uso de tecnologías, la evaluación de las prácticas considerando satisfacción, enfoques transversales y la adaptabilidad de estas, para mejorar la respuesta de atención primaria en salud sexual y reproductiva ante nuevas crisis.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Primary Health Care , Chile , Pandemics , Reproductive Health
2.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(2): 233-235, jul./dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1391855

ABSTRACT

O trabalho apresenta a resenha do livro Corpo da coleção Parentalidade & Psicanálise. Dividido em três seções, o livro articula temas como gênero, saúde reprodutiva, classe social e questões étnico-raciais tomando o corpo e a parentalidade como eixos principais. A partir da perspectiva lacaniana, um grande destaque da obra são as diferentes implicações da maternidade assim como as múltiplas relações entre a linguagem e o corpo.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , Reproductive Health , Social Class , Parenting
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Materno Perinatal. Maternidad de Lima; 1 ed; Jun. 2022. 178 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1380418

ABSTRACT

La presente publicación describe las ilustraciones gráficas y tablas, sobre los principales indicadores correspondientes al ámbito en el que se desenvuelve la Institución, como es la atención médica especializada de mujeres en salud sexual y reproductiva, y la atención de neonatos en alto riesgo principalmente


Subject(s)
Maternal and Child Health , Perinatal Care , Health Management , Medical Care , Reproductive Health , Statistical Data
4.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 211-220, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372054

ABSTRACT

El parto constituye un acontecimiento extraordinario en la vida de la mujer, dado precisamente, por ser la culminación del embarazo humano y al unísono, el inicio de una nueva vida, razón por la que se le atribuye especial interés a nivel universal. Objetivo: Analizar el cumplimiento de estándares e indicadores de parto y nacimiento humanizado en el Centro de Salud Tipo C. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal. Con una población total de pacientes atendidas en el Servicio de Centro Obstétrico del Instituto "Velasco Ibarra", en Machala Ecuador, de enero a diciembre del 2020. Resultados: 743 pacientes tuvieron control prenatal con más de 5 sesiones, el 100% de los partos fue espontaneo, con ruptura anteparto, sin inducción, en su mayoría con las semanas completas. En cuanto a la presentación del parto 996 casos fueron de presentación cefálica. 862 pacientes no tuvieron acompañantes, sino, el grupo sanitario, médicos y enfermeras y solo a 125 se le permitió tener a su pareja. En cuanto a la posición del parto, 908 estuvieron en posición de litotomía (ginecológica), en cuanto a la analgesia, solo 267 y ninguna requirió anestesia, así como tampoco requirieron sangre, sulfato, hierro ni anticonceptivos postparto. Conclusiones: Se precisa la inclusión del componente humanizador e integral para la concepción del parto como un proceso natural y fisiológico, con la combinación científico-humanista en el logro de una atención con calidad y calidez, donde la mujer ecuatoriana protagonice su proceso de parto como un sujeto de cuidado y no como objeto del mismo(AU)


Childbirth is an extraordinary event in a woman's life, given precisely because it is the culmination of human pregnancy and at the same time the beginning of a new life, which is why special interest is attributed to it at a universal level. Objective: To analyze compliance with humanized childbirth and delivery standards and indicators in the Type C Health Center. Materials and Methods: Observational, descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study. With a total population of patients treated at the Obstetric Center Service of the "Velasco Ibarra" Institute, in Machala Ecuador from January to December 2020. Results: 743 patients had prenatal control with more than 5 sessions, 100% of deliveries were spontaneous with antepartum rupture, without induction and almost all with complete weeks. And in 3, regarding the presentation of delivery, 996 cases were of cephalic presentation. 862 patients did not have companions, but the health group, doctors and nurses and only 125 were allowed to have their partner. As for the position of delivery, 908 were in the lithotomy (gynecological) position, as for analgesia only 267 and none required anesthesia, nor did they require blood, sulfate, iron, or postpartum contraceptives. Conclusions: the inclusion of the humanizing and integral component is required for the conception of childbirth as a natural and physiological process, with the scientific-humanistic combination in achieving care with quality and warmth, where the Ecuadorian woman is the protagonist of her birth process as a a subject of care and not as its object(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Reference Standards , Humanizing Delivery , Reproductive Health , Women's Rights , Pregnancy , Health Personnel , Obstetric Violence
5.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0310345, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374043

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a vulnerabilidade a vivenciar uma gravidez não intencional entre mulheres usuárias de Unidades Básicas de Saúde e os aspectos associados. Métodos Estudo transversal com 470 mulheres usuárias de Unidades Básicas de Saúde da Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Leste do município de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas e utilizou-se regressão logística múltipla para analisar os aspectos associados. Resultados Aproximadamente metade das mulheres mostrou estar vulnerável a vivenciar uma gravidez não intencional (48,3%). Mulheres na faixa etária de 25 a 34 anos tiveram mais chance de estar vulneráveis à gravidez não intencional comparadas às mulheres na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (OR=2,0; IC95% 1,2-3,4), tendo sido o mesmo observado em relação às mulheres com 35 anos de idade ou mais (OR=9,7; IC95% 5,3-17,6). As mulheres em união estável tiveram menos chance de estar vulneráveis a uma gravidez não intencional comparadas às mulheres solteiras (OR=0,4; IC95% 0,3-0,7). As mulheres que não planejaram a gravidez anterior tinham mais chance de estar vulnerável a uma gravidez não intencional comparadas às mulheres que planejaram a gravidez anterior (OR=2,5; IC95% 1,2-5,1), diferentemente das mulheres que nunca engravidaram (OR=0,4; IC95% 0,2-0,7). Conclusão Uma parcela significativa de mulheres estava vulnerável a vivenciar uma gravidez não intencional. Os aspectos associados a vivenciar uma gravidez não intencional foram a idade, não estar em união estável e não ter planejado a última gravidez.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la vulnerabilidad al vivenciar un embarazo no intencional entre mujeres usuarias de Unidades Básicas de Salud y los aspectos asociados. Métodos Estudio transversal con 470 mujeres usuarias de Unidades Básicas de Salud de la Coordinación Regional de Salud Este del municipio de São Paulo. Los datos se recopilaron a través de entrevistas y se utilizó la regresión logística múltiple para el análisis de los aspectos asociados. Resultados Aproximadamente la mitad de las mujeres se mostró vulnerable a vivir un embarazo no intencional (48,3 %). Mujeres en el grupo de edad de los 25 a los 34 años tuvieron más posibilidades de vulnerabilidad a un embarazo no intencional cuando comparadas con las mujeres en el grupo de edad de los 18 a los 24 años (OR=2,0; IC95 % 1,2-3,4). Lo mismo se ha observado en relación con las mujeres de 35 años o más (OR=9,7; IC95 % 5,3-17,6). Las mujeres en unión de hecho tuvieron menos posibilidades de vulnerabilidad a un embarazo no intencional en comparación con las mujeres solteras (OR=0,4; IC95 % 0,3-0,7). Las mujeres que no planificaron el embarazo anterior tuvieron más posibilidades de estar vulnerables a un embarazo no intencional cuando comparadas con las mujeres que planificaron el embarazo anterior (OR=2,5; IC95 % 1,2-5,1), a diferencia de las mujeres que nunca habían quedado embarazadas (OR=0,4; IC95 % 0,2-0,7). Conclusión Una parte significativa de las mujeres estaba vulnerable a vivir un embarazo no intencional. Los aspectos asociados a la vivencia de un embarazo no intencional fueron la edad, no tener una unión de hecho y no haber planificado el último embarazo.


Abstract Objective To analyze the vulnerability to experience an unintentional pregnancy among women users of Primary Care Centers and the associated aspects. Methods A cross-sectional study with a total of 470 women users of Primary Care Centers of the East Health Supervision Department from the city of Sao Paulo. Data were collected through interviews and multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the associated aspects. Results Approximately half of the women were found to be vulnerable to experiencing an unintentional pregnancy (48.3%). Women aged 25 to 34 years old were more likely to be vulnerable to unintentional pregnancy compared to women aged 18 to 24 years old (OR=2.0; 95%CI 1.2-3.4), the same observed for women aged 35 years old or older (OR=9.7; 95%CI 5.3-17.6). Women in a stable relationship were less likely to be vulnerable to an unintentional pregnancy compared to single women (OR=0.4; 95%CI 0.3-0.7). Women who did not plan a previous pregnancy were more likely to be vulnerable to an unintentional pregnancy compared to women who planned a previous pregnancy (OR=2.5; 95%CI 1.2-5.1), unlike women who never got pregnant (OR=0.4; 95%CI 0.2-0.7). Conclusion A significant portion of women was vulnerable to experiencing an unintentional pregnancy. The aspects associated with experiencing this pregnancy were age, not being in a stable relationship and not having planned the last pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pregnancy, Unwanted , Unified Health System , Health Vulnerability , Health Centers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Contraception , Reproductive Health , Social Factors
6.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(3): 550-556, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1397157

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias preventivas para la salud sexual y reproductiva se han convertido en una prioridad de salud pública, gran cantidad de jóvenes tienen comportamientos sexuales que comprometen su vida, de ahí que no solo los sistemas de salud deben dar respuesta a esta situación, sino también las distintas organizaciones comunitarias, que además de los problemas de salud que pueden derivarse de esas conductas inadecuadas, se encarecen considerablemente los costos de la atención sanitaria. Luego de la intervención, en todos los ítems explorados se obtuvo mayor puntuación en el grupo de estudio que en el grupo control, con significancia estadística p<0,005. Asimismo, el grupo de estudio, después de la intervención mejoró significativamente sus puntajes de media (calificación general: 131,7; IC 95%: 128,9-134,5), p<0,001. Se demostró asociaciones positivas entre recibir educación sexual y la mejor comprensión de varios comportamientos de riesgo sexual, conocimiento, motivación y habilidades, otorgándoles a los jóvenes información para que tomen de manera responsables decisiones acerca de su vida sexual(AU)


Preventive strategies for sexual and reproductive health have become a public health priority, a large number of young people have sexual behaviors that compromise their lives, hence not only health systems must respond to this situation, but also different community organizations, which in addition to the health problems that may arise from these inappropriate behaviors, considerably increase the cost of health care. After the intervention, in all the items explored, a higher score was obtained in the study group than in the control group, with statistical significance p<0.005. Likewise, the study group, after the intervention, significantly improved their mean scores (general score: 131.7; 95% CI: 128.9-134.5), p<0.001. Positive associations were shown between receiving sex education and better understanding of various sexual risk behaviors, knowledge, motivation and skills, giving young people information to make responsible decisions about their sexual lives(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sex Education , Students , Health Strategies , Life , Contraceptive Devices , Reproductive Health
7.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(7): 1-6, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381321

ABSTRACT

Communities and countries and ultimately the world are only as strong as the health of their women." - Michelle Obama, 2016 On 24 June 2022, the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) decided on Dobbs v Jackson Women's Health Center, overturning the historic Roe v. Wade decision that has, since 1973, confirmed and enshrined the constitutional right of a woman to seek an abortion1 . Restrictions to legal, safe abortions are known to have serious repercussions for maternal and infant health. Evidence shows that restricting access to abortion does not reduce the number of abortions; it only makes abortion less safe and more likely to lead to preventable complications, including maternal death. Conversely, expanding access to safe, legal abortion­a common medical procedure that carries very little risk when performed by a trained provider in an appropriate environment­is associated with improved maternal health outcomes. Further, illegal abortion results in negative societal outcomes, including chronic morbidity for the individual woman; economic burdens to women and their communities when they cannot work or finish school; and added stress to families, communities, and already over-stretched public health systems.


Subject(s)
Cold Temperature , Abortion , Women , Reproductive Health , Infant Health , Public Health Systems
8.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(7): 1-15, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381711

ABSTRACT

Relatively little is known about infertility experiences among women in rural Malawi and the impact of infertility on women's marital and family relations. This article examines the perspectives of women and health care providers regarding women's concepts of reproductive health and attitudes toward infertility. The paper explores the supports and barriers to managing infertility at the individual, household, and community levels. The data presented was drawn from semi-structured interviews with health care providers and patients within a prevention of mother to child transmission program and focus group discussions with community men and women in four communities in Southern Malawi. Seventy-eight patients, 12 health care providers, and 32 community leaders participated in the study. The findings suggest that gender inequities and kinship relations intersect to produce infertility related stigma which exacerbates the social and cultural consequences of being infertile in these study communities. Social support from other women experiencing infertility is one strategy to help women manage the social and cultural burden of infertility in these study communities. These results shed light on the meaning of motherhood to women living in rural and periurban Sub-Saharan African communities and call for an expansion of infertility services, social services, and mental health services for both women and men who experience infertility. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[7]: 112-126).


Subject(s)
Reproductive Health , Health Inequities , Women , Community Mental Health Services , Gender Identity , Infertility
9.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(6): 1-9, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382239

ABSTRACT

Adolescent fertility rates are high in Kenya and increase the likelihood of maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. The objectives were to (1) explore the prevalence of unintended pregnancy among Maasai adolescent mothers, (2) understand the context in which pregnancy is occurring, and (3) suggest community-based strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy. In in-depth, individual, qualitative interviews with Maasai females that gave birth during adolescence, pregnancy was unintended in 100% of cases. Our results suggest a desire among this population to prevent pregnancy and the need for contraception. Our recommendations include comprehensive sex education that targets very young adolescents, implementation of mechanisms to strive toward universal primary education, and the provision of resources and skills to adolescents that they need to practice safer sex. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022;26[6]:36-44).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pregnancy , Adolescent Medicine , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Contraception , Education , Reproductive Health
10.
African Journal of Reproductive Health ; 26(5): 1-9, May 2022;. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382106

ABSTRACT

The sexual and reproductive health of female sex workers in Southern Africa is particularly important, given the high prevalence of HIV among this population. This paper presents the results of a rapid assessment study conducted prior to the implementation of the "SRHR-HIV Knows No Borders" project in six Southern African countries. Trained interviewers interviewed 20 sex workers across 10 high migration communities. Data were analysed thematically. Participants were well informed about and were able toaccess preventive methods for STIs and pregnancy, although reports of condom failures were common. While sex workers found SRH services easily accessible, many reported experiences of stigma and discrimination when accessing them. Physical and sexual violence were common occurrences among participants, both from their clients and the police. In addition to addressing stigma within the healthcare and broader community, interventions could provide opportunities for those looking to exit the industry by providing skills training and microfinance support. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[5]: 72-80).


Subject(s)
Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Sex Workers , Reproductive Health , Prevalence , HIV , Africa, Southern , Social Stigma
12.
Afr. J. reprod. Health (online) ; 26(4): 1-7, 2022-06-03. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380961

ABSTRACT

Uganda Village Project (UVP) implemented the Healthy Village Initiative (HVI) and conducted household surveys to assess the effects of the initiative. This data adds to the limited body of knowledge regarding the efficacy of community health interventions for reproductive health in rural east Africa. As part of the HVI, UVP surveys rural Ugandan households before and after a 3-year programmatic intervention to assess changes in family planning health literacy, and contraception utilization. Results showed that there was an increase in contraceptive utilization, an increase in family planning health literacy, and a decrease in unmet need for contraception. Community-based outreaches led by community members and health workers can contribute to improving access to contraception, utilization of contraception, and health literacy surrounding contraception. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[4]: 15- 21).


Subject(s)
Sex Education , Contraception , Reproductive Health , Early Medical Intervention , Rural Population , Health Literacy
13.
Afr. J. reprod. Health (online) ; 26(4): 1-7, 2022-06-03.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381329

ABSTRACT

The Integrated School Health Policy was set to ensure the incorporation of a multi-disciplinary approach to health care in South African schools. However, the implementation of sexuality and reproductive health teaching and learning has not been without problems. Central to sexuality and reproductive health education is the common ethical application of the subject in teaching. School sexuality and reproductive health education have proved to be a sensitive issue across a socio-cultural environment. Compliance with ISHP programs in sexuality and gender orientation is related to the inclusion of a more comprehensive education for learners to cover human rights and sexual diversity. This paper aims to reflect on the ethical challenges related to the integration of reproductive health education and teaching in schools in the City of Tshwane. This study applied a descriptive exploratoryquantitative research design. Data was collected using a survey questionnaire and a checklist, and applied stratified random sampling to select schools that participated in the study. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics which included frequencies and percentages (%). The results show that the absence of health care values in organisational strategies will challenge the ethical dimension relating to sexuality and reproductive health education. The ethical dilemma of teaching sexual and reproductive health in schools can prove to be a challenging exercise since its a sensitive issue in most societies. Sexuality and reproductive health education is compounded by a lack of clear guidelines in the ISHP programs and the diversity of stakeholders that do not hold a common or standardised ethical framework. Furthermore, lack of sufficient teacher preparation adds to the ethical dilemma in managing school ethical issues in general. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[4]: 75-81).


Subject(s)
School Health Services , Ethics , Reproductive Health , Sex Education , Human Rights
14.
Ghana med. j ; 56(3 suppl): 32-42, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1399761

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore and analyse factors that facilitate and inhibit the initiation and functioning of a national and transnational Community of Practice (CoP) for health policy and systems (HPS) and Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCAH) in West Africa and to identify lessons for CoP interventions in similar multilingual low and middle-income contexts. Design: A case study, with the case defined as processes, enablers and barriers to the initiation and functioning of a national and transnational CoP for HSP and RMNCAH in West Africa and drawing on a review and analysis of secondary data from the program, workshop, country team and project reports, and training sessions. Setting: The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Participants: Professionals from two Anglophone (Ghana and Sierra Leone) and four Francophone (Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Niger e Senegal) ECOWAS countries. Interventions: Training and mentoring of multi-disciplinary country teams supported by small research grants to undertake formative evaluation and advocacy of priority HPS and RMNCAH issues; support for CoP development within and across country teams. Results: The desire to learn from peers and mentors was a major enabler of the process. Human and financial resource availability, competing demands for time, communication in the context of a Francophone-Anglophone official language divide and the arrival of COVID-19 were all constraints. Conclusions: This study highlights the processes, achievements, and challenges of establishing country-level and transnational CoPs in West Africa. CoPs require sustained human and financial resource investments, communication and medium-to-long-term implementation support for sustainability and impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Health Systems , Reproductive Health , Health Policy
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42(spe): e262847, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1386989

ABSTRACT

A psicologia tem se consolidado, entre outras áreas de atuação, como profissão de saúde. A despeito de reconhecer-se como tal na atenção terciária e na saúde mental, carece pensar como temos construído nossas práticas em outros setores, aqui em destaque a saúde sexual e a saúde reprodutiva. A previsão de que profissionais da psicologia devem compor equipes mínimas de diversas políticas públicas de saúde sexual e saúde reprodutiva não se faz perceber diante de lacunas significativas nos currículos disciplinares e nas produções acadêmicas da área. A proposta deste texto é apresentar algumas reflexões produzidas a partir de cenas que acompanhei ao longo dos anos que me dedico a essas questões, desde a graduação até a docência. Compõem as análises situações registradas no desenvolvimento de projetos de extensão e de pesquisa, supervisão de estágio em processos psicossociais, grupos de estudos e da disciplina Psicologia, Saúde Sexual e Saúde Reprodutiva. Pretende-se, a partir dessas cenas, analisar os desafios para consolidar uma práxis psicológica alinhada à defesa dos direitos sexuais e reprodutivos, bem como o desvelar de modos de escuta que destoam do que a priori deveria ser nosso objetivo central: promoção de cuidado e escuta qualificada. Por fim, proponho alguns parâmetros de organização das nossas ações, desejosa de uma construção que seja cada vez mais partilhada por nossa categoria, orientada pelos direitos humanos e comprometida com a promoção da saúde e da autonomia das usuárias dos serviços de saúde sexual e reprodutiva no Brasil.(AU)


Psychology has been consolidated, among other areas of practice, as a health profession. Regardless of its recognition as such in tertiary care and mental health, we must reflect on how phycologists have built their practices in other sectors, especially regarding sexual and reproductive health. The expectation that psychologists should compose minimum teams of different public policies on sexual and reproductive health, goes unnoticed before the significant gaps in academic programs and production in the field. Given this context, this paper presents some reflections produced from scenes observed over the years that I have been dedicating myself to these issues, from graduation to teaching. The analyzes include situations recorded during extension and research projects, internship supervision in psychosocial processes, study groups and in the Psychology, Sexual Health and Reproductive Health course. Based on these scenes, I analyze the challenges to consolidate a psychological praxis aligned to the defense of sexual and reproductive rights, and unveil ways of listening that deviate from what a priori should be our central objective: promotion of care and qualified listening. Finally, I propose some parameters to organize our actions, hoping for a construction that is increasingly shared by our category, guided by human rights and committed to promoting the health and autonomy of users of sexual and reproductive health services in Brazil.(AU)


La psicología se ha consolidado, entre otras áreas de actividad, como una profesión sanitaria. A pesar de ser reconocida como tal en el tercer nivel de atención y salud mental, es necesario pensar cómo hemos construido nuestras prácticas en otros sectores, con énfasis en la salud sexual y salud reproductiva. La estimación de que los profesionales de la psicología deban conformar equipos mínimos de las diversas políticas públicas en salud sexual y reproductiva no lleva en consideración que hay importantes vacíos en los currículos disciplinares y la producción académica en el área. El propósito de este texto es presentar algunas reflexiones a partir de escenarios que he seguido a lo largo de los años en que me he dedicado a estos temas desde la graduación hasta la docencia. Los análisis abarcan situaciones registradas en el desarrollo de proyectos de extensión e investigación, supervisión de pasantías en procesos psicosociales, grupos de estudio y de la disciplina Psicología, Salud Sexual y Salud Reproductiva. A partir de estos escenarios se pretende analizar los desafíos para la consolidación de una praxis psicológica alineada con la defensa de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos, así como el develamiento de formas de escucha que se alejan de lo que a priori debería ser nuestro objetivo central: la promoción del cuidado y la escucha cualificada. Por último, propongo algunos requisitos para la organización de nuestras acciones, con el fin de que haya una construcción cada vez más compartida en nuestro sector, basada en los derechos humanos y comprometida en la promoción de la salud y la autonomía de las usuarias de los servicios de salud mental y reproductiva en Brasil.(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Pregnancy , Psychology , Reproductive Rights , Reproductive Health , Sexual Health , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Public Policy , Rape , Sex Education , Sex Offenses , Societies , Territoriality , Training Support , Mental Health , Parenting , Disaster Vulnerability , Growth and Development , Projects , Abortion , Racism , Gender Norms , Obstetric Violence
17.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210573, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376250

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the practice of stealthing among university students and the associations between the profile of these young people and this practice. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out at a university campus in a city in the countryside of Sao Paulo. Data collection was carried out online by RedCap between May and September 2018, through questionnaires with identification data, sociodemographic characteristics and sexual and reproductive health. Data were analyzed by IBM-SPSS, version 17.0. Results: A total of 380 students participated in the study, aged between 18 and 24 years old, most of them unpaid students, coming from private education, not having a religion and being single. Most of them were biologically female and identified as cisgender and heterosexual women. As for stealthing, 1.33% of the participants had performed it and 11.44% had already undergone this practice. There was a significant association between having been stealthed and the variables female biological sex (p = 0.000) and identifying as a woman (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The occurrence of stealthing is higher among those who have been stealthed than among those who have done it and having been stealthed is associated with being female and identifying as a woman.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar el stealthing entre jóvenes universitarios y la asociación entre el perfil de esos jóvenes y su práctica. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal realizado en un campus universitario de un municipio del interior de São Paulo. Los datos se recopilaron en línea, en el RedCap, entre mayo y septiembre de 2018 mediante cuestionarios con datos de identificación, características sociodemográficas, salud sexual y reproductiva, y se analizaron con el IBM-SPSS, versión 17.0. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 380 estudiantes, con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 24 años, gran parte sin trabajo remunerado, provenientes de la enseñanza particular, sin religión y solteras(os). En su mayoría eran del sexo femenino biológico y se identificaban como mujeres cisgénero y heterosexuales. En cuanto al stealthing, el 1,33% de los participantes lo había realizado y el 11,44% ya había sufrido esta práctica. Hubo una asociación significativa entre haber sufrido stealthing y las variables sexo biológico femenino (p = 0,000) y el identificarse como mujer (p = 0,000). Conclusión: La incidencia del stealthing es mayor entre los que han sufrido esta práctica que entre los que la han practicado. Haber sufrido el furtivismo se asocia a ser mujer y a identificarse como tal.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a prática de stealthing entre jovens universitários e as associações entre o perfil desses jovens e a prática do stealthing. Método: Estudo transversal realizado em um campus universitário de um município no interior paulista. A coleta de dados foi online pelo RedCap, entre maio e setembro de 2018, por meio de questionários com dados de identificação, características sociodemográficas e de saúde sexual e reprodutiva. Os dados foram analisados pelo IBM-SPSS, versão 17.0. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 380 estudantes, com idade entre 18 e 24 anos, a maioria sem exercer função remunerada, advindos(as) de ensino particular, sem religião e solteiras(os). Em sua maioria, eram do sexo biológico feminino e se identificavam como mulheres cisgênero e heterossexuais. Quanto ao stealthing, 1,33% dos participantes tinham realizado e 11,44% já tinham sofrido essa prática. Houve associação significativa entre ter sofrido stealthing e as variáveis sexo biológico feminino (p = 0,000) e se identificar como mulher (p = 0,000). Conclusão: A ocorrência do stealthing é maior entre os que sofreram essa prática do que entre aqueles que a praticaram. Ter sofrido stealthing está associado a ser do sexo feminino e se identificar como mulher.


Subject(s)
Sex Offenses , Universities , Condoms , Students , Reproductive Health , Gender-Based Violence
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379348

ABSTRACT

La investigación constituye una aproximación cualitativa al fenómeno de la sexualidad adolescente, centrada en describir la mentalidad de los jóvenes respecto a su propia sexualidad. Es decir; los conocimientos relacionados a las prácticas sexuales y la salud reproductiva asociada a dichos conocimientos, manifestados por los estudiantes participantes en el estudio. La finalidad fue descubrir la calidad y procedencia del tipo de conocimiento que poseen los jóvenes y su coherencia con las ideas sobre las prácticas sexuales y la salud reproductiva, a fin de identificar qué porcentaje de la población posee un conocimiento confiable, atendiendo a la calidad. Condición que los exponen a adquirir infecciones de transmisión sexual que pueden poner en riesgo su salud reproductiva. El objetivo perseguido fue: describir el tipo de conocimiento y las prácticas sobre salud sexual y reproductiva en los 306 estudiantes del primer año de la Universidad Salvadoreña Alberto Masferrer que participaron en el estudio. Los resultados señalan que un 30 % de la población estudiada, no poseen un conocimiento confiable, sino basado en creencias y mitos, que no existe una fuente científica confiable que les permita desarrollarse plenamente en esta área fundamental en sus vidas. El otro descubrimiento fue la presencia de un carácter constante es sus conocimientos: y que los conocimientos que poseen no son coherentes entre sí. Por lo que carecen consistencia y revelan la falta de correspondencia a un sistema teórico confiable para orientar correctamente su sexualidad y su salud sexual y reproductiva.


This research constitutes a qualitative approximation to the phenomenon of adolescent sexuality focused on describing the mentality of young people regarding their own sexuality. That is, the knowledge as it relates to the sexual practices and reproductive health associated with said knowledge, manifested (expressed) by the students participating in the study. The purpose was to describe the quality and provenance of the type of knowledge that young people possess; its coherence with ideas about sexual practices and reproductive health, lastly to identify the type of knowledge the population have and how reliable is such knowledge. Conditions that exposes them to acquire sexually transmitted diseases potentially putting their reproductive health at risk. The objective was to describe the type of knowledge and practices on sexual and reproductive health in 306 first year Salvadorian University Alberto Masferrer students, who participated in the study. The results indicates that 30% of the studied population do not possess reliable knowledge, but based on beliefs, and myths, there is no reliable scientific source that allows them to fully develop in this fundamental area in their life. The other discovery was the presence of constant character in their knowledge: and that the knowledge possessed is not coherent within each other. They lack consistency and reveal a lack of correspondence and reliable theoretical system to correctly guide their sexuality and sexual and reproductive health.


Subject(s)
Sexuality , Students , Reproductive Health
19.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 125-136, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391833

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Colombia es un país que enfrenta diversas situaciones provenientes de la falta de educación sexual y educación en salud adecuada: casos de abuso sexual, embarazos en niñas menores de catorce años y la incidencia y prevalencia de la in-continencia urinaria por afectación del piso pélvico. Objetivo. El presente artículo busca dar cuenta del desconocimiento en temas de salud sexual y sus consecuencias, evidenciar los beneficios que podrían generar las intervenciones de educación sexual integral en el país y reflexionar sobre el rol del fisioterapeuta en la rehabilitación y prevención de disfunciones del piso pélvico en las mujeres. Reflexión. Si se incorporaran procesos de fisioterapia pélvica como componente preventivo, que incluya educación, se podría reducir el desconocimiento, el riesgo de vulneración de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos y futuras disfunciones del piso pélvico. La importancia de la educación desde la fisioterapia radica en que las mujeres reconozcan que, al aumentar la fuerza de su musculatura, están cuidando de su piso pélvico hasta edades avanzadas, en las que se estima que la prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria es del 34%. Conclusiones: Un programa de educación sexual impartido desde el currículo po-dría disminuir las condiciones de salud del piso pélvico, así como los factores de riesgo de abuso sexual. Además, permitiría el acompañamiento médico adecuado para orientar el inicio de la vida sexual en un proceso seguro y consciente, así como la expresión de la sexualidad con libertad, al ser concebida como un derecho


Introduction. Colombia is a country that faces various situations stemming from the lack of sexual education and adequate health education: cases of sexual abuse, pregnancies in girls under fourteen years old, and the incidence and prevalence of urinary incontinence due to pelvic floor involvement. Aim. This article seeks to account for the lack of knowledge about sexual health issues and their consequences. Also, to show the benefits that comprehensive sexua-lity education interventions could generate in the country. Finally, to reflect on the physiotherapist's role in the rehabilitation and prevention of pelvic floor dysfunc-tions in women. Reflection. If pelvic physiotherapy processes were incorporated as a preventive component, including sexual education, it could reduce ignorance, the risk of viola-tion of sexual and reproductive rights, and future dysfunctions of the pelvic floor. The importance of physiotherapy ́s education is that women recognize that, by increasing the strength of their muscles, they are taking care of their pelvic floor until advanced ages, in which it is estimated that the prevalence of urinary incontinence is 34%. Conclusions. A sexual education program taught from the curriculum could redu-ce the health conditions of the pelvic floor, as well as the risk factors for sexual abuse. It would also allow adequate medical support to guide the beginning of sexual life in a safe and conscious process, as well as the expression of sexuality with freedom as it is conceived as a right


Subject(s)
Sex Education , Physical Therapy Modalities , Reproductive Rights , Reproductive Health , Primary Prevention , Urinary Incontinence , Women , Risk Factors , Pelvic Floor , Sexuality , Minors , Education , Physical Therapists , Sexual Health
20.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 55, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390022

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the reproductive health practices of immigrant Indonesian women working in Malaysia and their accessibility to health services. METHODS A cross-sectional study using a validated self-administered questionnaire was conducted with 593 immigrant Indonesian workers who stayed in Malaysia for at least six months and within the reproductive age group. RESULTS About 13.5% of the respondents have used health facilities for reproductive health-related problems. Less than half of the respondents preferred to use public health facilities. Only 15% used treatment available in health facilities related to irregular menstrual cycles (34.6%), severe dysmenorrhea (58.7%) and nonspecific symptoms related to menstruation (31.7%). Family planning services were the most required health service. However, only 31.5% met the needs for family planning services. One-third of the respondents had sexual reproductive health problems and required treatment, but only 9.9% sought reproductive health services when needed. CONCLUSIONS Strategies to improve the accessibility to sexual reproductive health services requires a collaboration between the Indonesian government representatives in Malaysia and non-governmental organizations to address the reproductive health issues among immigrant Indonesian women in Malaysia. Health policy related to immigrant workers is needed in order to enhance the accessibility to women's health needs for universal health coverage.


Subject(s)
Transients and Migrants , Women , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Reproductive Health Services , Reproductive Health , Health Services Accessibility , Malaysia
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