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1.
Rev. cienc. cuidad ; 21(1): 68-84, 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1553641

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desarrollar una aplicación digital para realizar el informe de turno de la supervisión con los indicadores de interés del Departamento de Enfermería en un hospital de alta complejidad de la seguridad social en Costa Rica. Metodología: investigación descriptiva estructurada en etapas para el diseño, desarrollo, e implementación de una aplicación digital denominada Supervisores enfermería WEB. Se desarrolló en un periodo de 2 años, en 4 etapas (Planificación, Desarrollo, Validación e Implementación), con la participación de supervisores de enfermería de los diferentes servicios y personal del Centro de Gestión de Informática del hospital. Resultados: La etapa de planificación del sistema contempló 2 fases. La primera, la exploración de la necesidad con el grupo de supervisión y jefaturas de enfermería y la segunda la solicitud de apoyo al Centro de Gestión Informática (CGI). Se revisaron los indicadores o información del reporte escrito y establecieron los indicadores para estructurar el sistema digital. La etapa de desarrollo contempló las fases: estructura del sistema (indicadores), y seguimiento del diseño. La etapa de validación incluyó las fases de prueba de campo y en ambiente de producción. La etapa de Implementación incluyó la socialización del sistema a todo el grupo y la utilización del sistema por parte de todo el equipo para realizar el informe de turno. Conclusión: el Sistema digital para el reporte de la supervisión de enfermería registra los indicadores de interés y responde a las necesidades de la gestión clínica y administrativa del Departamento de Enfermería en un Hospital de alta complejidad


Objective: to develop a digital application to make the supervision shift report with the in-dicators of interest of the Nursing Department in a high complexity hospital of the social security in Costa Rica. Methodology: descriptive research structured in stages for the design, development and implementation of a digital application called Nursing Supervisors WEB. It was developed over a period of 2 years, in 4 stages (Planning, Development, Validation, Implementation), with the participation of nursing supervisors from different services and personnel from the hospital's Informatics Management Center. Results: The system planning stage included 2 phases. The first was the exploration of the need with the group of supervi-sors and nursing managers and the second was the request for support from the Informatics Management Center (CGI). The indicators or information from the written report were re-viewed and the indicators were established to structure the digital system. The development stage included the following phases: system structure (indicators), and design follow-up. The validation stage included the phases of field testing and production environment. The imple-mentation stage included the socialization of the system to the whole group and the use of the system by the whole team to make the shift report. Conclusion: the Digital System for Reporting Nursing Supervision records the indicators of interest and responds to the needs of clin-ical and administrative management of the Nursing Department in a high complexity Hospital


Objetivo: desenvolver um aplicativo digital para produzir o relatório de turno de supervisão com os indicadores de interesse do Departamento de Enfermagem em um hospital de alta com-plexidade do sistema de seguridade social da Costa Rica. Metodologia: investigação descritiva estruturada em etapas para a conceção, desenvolvimento e implementação de uma aplicação dig-ital designada por Nursing Supervisors WEB. Foi desenvolvida ao longo de 2 anos, em 4 fases (Planeamento, Desenvolvimento, Validação, Implementação), com a participação de enfermei-ros supervisores dos diferentes serviços e pessoal do Centro de Gestão Informática do hospital. Resultados: A fase de planeamento do sistema incluiu 2 fases. A primeira foi a exploração da necessidade com o grupo de supervisores e gestores de enfermagem e a segunda foi o pedido de apoio ao Centro de Gestão de Informação (CGI). Foram revistos os indicadores ou informações do relatório escrito e estabelecidos os indicadores para a estruturação do sistema digital. A etapa de desenvolvimento incluiu as fases: estruturação do sistema (indicadores) e acompanhamento da conceção. A fase de validação incluiu as fases de teste no terreno e de teste em ambiente de produção. A fase de implementação incluiu a socialização do sistema a todo o grupo e a uti-lização do sistema por toda a equipa para produzir o relatório de turno. Conclusões: o sistema digital de relatório de supervisão de enfermagem registra os indicadores de interesse e responde às necessidades da gestão clínica e administrativa do Departamento de Enfermagem em um hospital de alta complexidade.


Subject(s)
Organization and Administration , Work , Nursing , Research Report
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (En línea) ; 43(4): 219-222, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551637

ABSTRACT

La escritura de artículos académicos es una competencia necesaria para la difusión del conocimiento científico y para el desarrollo profesional de quienes trabajan en diversas disciplinas. Sin embargo, a pesar de su importancia, esta habilidad compleja no suele ser enseñada en forma sistemática, lo que puede operar como una barrera para que los investigadores comuniquen los resultados de sus trabajos. En esta primera entrega, sintetizamos los principales consejos que han brindado expertos en la temática, añadiendo algunos de nuestra experiencia personal que consideramos útiles para facilitar el proceso de la escritura académica y el desarrollo de esta competencia en un contexto colaborativo. En una segunda entrega profundizaremos respecto de la problemática de la escritura de las diferentes secciones de un artículo científico y se ofrecerán consejos para optimizarla y volverla lo más eficaz posible. (AU)


Academic writing is essential for scientific knowledge dissemination and the professional development of those working in various disciplines. Yet, however important this complex skill is, it is not usually taught systematically, a fact that can act as a barrier for researchers to communicate the results of their work. In this first part, we synthesize the main tips provided by experts in the field, adding some of our personal experiences that they consider relevant to facilitate the process of academic writing and develop this skill in a collaborative context. In a second article, we will go deeper into the problem of writing the different sections of a scientific article and offer advice on ways to optimize it and make it as effective as possible. (AU)


Subject(s)
Writing , Scientific Communication and Diffusion , Scholarly Communication , Artificial Intelligence , Research Report , Medical Writing
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1209-1216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the methodological quality, report quality and evidence quality of the Meta-analysis and systematic reviews of acupuncture and moxibustion for children with cerebral palsy, aiming to provide decision-making basis for clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#The systematic reviews and Meta-analysis of acupuncture and moxibustion for children with cerebral palsy were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, Cochrane Library, PubMed and EMbase. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to June 30th, 2022. AMSTAR 2 (a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews) was used to evaluate the methodological quality, and PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) was used to evaluate the report quality, and GRADE was used to evaluate the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 systematic reviews were included, including 37 primary outcome indexes. According to AMSTAR 2 evaluation results, there were 4 low quality studies, 10 very low quality studies, and low scores on items 2, 4, 7, 10 and 16. PRISMA scores ranged from 15 to 25, and the main reporting problems reflected in structured abstracts, program and registration, retrieval, and funding sources, etc. According to the GRADE classification results, there were 3 high quality evidences, 7 medium quality evidences, 10 low quality evidences and 17 very low quality evidences. The main downgrading factors were limitations, imprecision and publication bias.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion has a certain effect for cerebral palsy in children, but the quality of methodology, reporting and evidence in the included literature is poor, and the comparison of curative effect between different acupuncture and moxibustion methods is unclear.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Publication Bias , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e251711, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448945

ABSTRACT

As resoluções emitidas pelo Sistema Conselhos são instrumentos essenciais de orientação e promoção de práticas éticas que denotem qualidade técnica no exercício profissional da Psicologia. Dada a complexidade que envolve a elaboração de documentos psicológicos, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar as principais mudanças observadas no texto da recém-publicada Resolução CFP n.º 006/2019 quando comparada à Resolução CFP n.º 007/2003, ambas referidas à elaboração de documentos psicológicos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva-comparativa de abordagem qualitativa, que utilizou da análise de conteúdo no tratamento e interpretação dos dados oriundos de fonte exclusivamente documental. Os resultados indicaram poucas diferenças qualitativas entre os marcos resolutivos, embora se vislumbre altamente relevante o ganho adquirido com a proibição de escritos descritivos, a exigência de referencial teórico para fundamentar o raciocínio profissional e a obrigatoriedade da devolutiva documental. Entre os achados que ganham notoriedade consta a preocupação com os princípios que regem a elaboração de documentos, cuja apresentação tautológica responde a um cenário político de retrocessos que tem favorecido o desrespeito aos direitos humanos e às minorias.(AU)


Resolutions issued by Sistema Conselhos are essential tools to guide and promote ethical and quality psychology practices. Given the complexity involved in elaborating such documents, this descriptive, qualitative research outlines the main changes in the text of the recently published CFP Resolution no. 006/2019 when compared with CFP Resolution no. 007/2003, both addressing the elaboration of psychological documents. Documentary data was investigated by content analysis. Results indicated few qualitative differences between the analyzed Resolutions, among them the prohibition of descriptive writing, the requirement for a theoretical framework to support professional reasoning, and the obligation to return documents. Concern with the principles that guide document elaboration stands out, responding to a political scenario of major setbacks regarding respect for human rights and minorities.(AU)


Las resoluciones que expide el Sistema Conselhos consisten en instrumentos fundamentales que guían y promueven prácticas éticas respecto a la calidad técnica en el ejercicio profesional de la Psicología. Dada la complejidad que implica la elaboración de documentos psicológicos, esta investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar los principales cambios observados en la Resolución CFP n.º 006/2019, de reciente publicación, en comparación con la Resolución CFP n.º 007/2003, ambas abordan la elaboración de documentos psicológicos. Se trata de una investigación descriptiva-comparativa con enfoque cualitativo, que utilizó el análisis de contenido en el tratamiento e interpretación de datos de fuente exclusivamente documental. Los resultados indicaron pocas diferencias cualitativas entre los marcos resolutivos (aunque el logro de prohibir los escritos descriptivos es muy relevante), la exigencia de un marco teórico para sostener el razonamiento profesional y la devolución obligatoria de los documentos. Entre los hallazgos que cobran notoriedad está la preocupación por los principios que rigen la elaboración de documentos, cuya presentación tautológica responde a un escenario político de retrocesos que ha favorecido la falta de respeto a los derechos humanos y las minorías.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Guidelines as Topic , Diagnosis , Expert Testimony , Organization and Administration , Patient Care Team , Personal Satisfaction , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Publications , Quality of Health Care , Quality of Life , Sexual Behavior , Social Class , Social Values , Transsexualism , Truth Disclosure , Vocational Guidance , Work , Writing , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Technical Cooperation , Health Certificate , Attitude of Health Personnel , Records , International Classification of Diseases , Directory , Workload , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Communication , Newspaper Article , Vocabulary, Controlled , Statements , Government Publication , Professional Misconduct , Personal Autonomy , Enacted Statutes , Health Councils , Whistleblowing , Codes of Ethics , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Racial Groups , Documentation , Science and Technology Cooperation Agreements , Scientific Domains , Scientific Publication Ethics , Scientific and Technical Publications , Publications for Science Diffusion , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Date of Validity of Products , Research Report , Social Participation , Medical Writing , Data Accuracy , Professionalism , Forms and Records Control , Science in Literature , eHealth Strategies , Civil Society , Psychological Distress , Universal Health Care , Psychosocial Intervention , Citizenship , Document Analysis , Working Conditions , Handwriting , Humanities , Language
5.
JEMDSA (Online) ; 28(1): 1-6, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427754

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a lifelong disease requiring daily self-care activities for better outcomes. Although most of these self-care activities for outpatients are taught in primary health care, their actual practice occurs at home where patients stay. Family dynamics or established cultures impact the management of the disease, hence a need for primary health care­family partnership to empower both families and patients with ways to manage the disease. This systematic review aims to describe the primary health care­family partnership. Methods: The literature was sourced using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. The Scopus/ Elsevier, ScienceDirect and PubMed databases were used to source literature written in English and published between January 1, 2010 and July 31, 2022. Studies were included if focused on self-care activities, management and family-centred care (FCC); participants were diabetes patients and non-diabetic family members; and primary health care diabetes intervention. Results: A total of 62 publications that met inclusion criteria were used in this review. The included studies include quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method studies, including reports. The process of including these publications involved identification, screening and re-screening in line with set eligibility. The key search strategies resulted in the following sub-headings: diabetes self-care, diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES), family-centred care, and primary health care. Conclusion: Evidence from existing literature shows that primary health care is the source of information, yet actual diabetes management occurs at home. This review recommends the adoption of DSMES and FCC modalities to set the foundation for workable primary health care­family partnerships. The adoption of these joint modalities for partnerships will outline the dos and don'ts in managing diabetes at home. The literature further indicates that family support is critical, therefore primary health care­families partnership may lead to improved adherence to self-care activities and better outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Diabetes Mellitus , Family Relations , Research Report , Self-Management , Systematic Review , Health Education
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 667-672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985544

ABSTRACT

The number of studies related to health economics evaluation is increasing. Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) contains 28 items. Based on CHEERS 2013, CHEERS 2022 adds a health economic analysis plan, model sharing, and community, patient, public, and other relevant stakeholders' participation in the statement, taking into account the future development direction of health economics evaluation. It provides a useful review tool for peer reviewers, editors, and readers and supports health technology assessment agencies in establishing standard reporting standards for health economics evaluations. In this study, we briefly introduced and interpreted the CHEERS 2022 statement and analyzed an example of health economics evaluation in infectious disease epidemiology to provide a reference for researchers to report studies regarding health economics evaluation standardly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Checklist , Economics, Medical , Reference Standards , Research Report
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226694, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393022

ABSTRACT

Scientific research and publication play an important role during the training of dentists, but one of the most outstanding barriers is the authorship conditions of the journals. Aim: The objective of the study was to determine the accessibility to student publication in dental journals in the world. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out. 208 journals indexed in Scimago Journal & Country Rank that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were included. The instructions for the authors were reviewed, an email was subsequently sent to the journal contact and articles with student affiliation were searched in the database of each journal. For the analysis of the descriptive statistical data of frequencies and percentage, the IBM SPPS Statistics Standard Edition 22 program was used. Results: 208 journals were included, 77.67% accepted the student publication without condition. The United States, United Kingdom and India were the countries with the highest number of journals with student participation. Likewise, the journals of Q4 (85.70%), Q3 (85.40%) and Basic Sciences (100%), Dental Education (100%), Endodontic (100%), Geriatrics and Gerontology (100%) and Public Dental Health (100%), mostly accepted student authorship. Conclusion: It is concluded that 167 (77.67%) of the dental journals accept the publication of dental students without condition, being more frequent in journals positioned in Q4 (85.70%). Also, journals with thematic areas on Basic Sciences, Dental Education, Endodontic, Geriatrics and Gerontology and Public Dental Health


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Journal Article , Periodical , Research Report , Scholarly Communication
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226351, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355010

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO) meeting. Methods: We selected abstracts published in the SBPqO meeting proceedings of 2019 and 2020, mentioning that a systematic review was conducted in the title, objective or methods sections. One researcher performed the screening and the data extraction after a pilot test training. The following data were extracted: affiliation of the primary author, dental specialization, the term "systematic review" mentioned in the title, reporting of the objective, reporting of eligibility criteria, reporting of information sources, reporting of the number of included studies and if a meta-analysis was performed. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed with data summarized as frequencies. Results: We included 235 abstracts. A total of 20 studies were from the Universidade de Uberlândia (8.5%), and the main specialization was Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry, with 47 studies (20%). Most of the studies mentioned the term "systematic review" in the title (n=219; 93.2%) and reported the objective (n=231; 98.3%). A great majority of studies did not report the eligibility criteria (n=97; 41.3%) or it was classified as unclear (n=96; 40.8%). The great majority of studies only reported the databases searched (n=103; 43.8%) or databases and date of search (n=74; 31.5%). Most of the studies reported the number of included studies (n=204; 86.8%). Conclusion: Based on this study, the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the SBPqO meeting are satisfactory. However, there is room for improvement


Subject(s)
Congresses as Topic , Dental Research/statistics & numerical data , Abstracting and Indexing , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
9.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1445-1452, set-dez. 2022.
Article in French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414677

ABSTRACT

dengue é uma doença febril aguda com etiologia viral típica e de evolução benigna que é grave quando se apresenta na forma hemorrágica. Sua transmissão ocorre pela picada do Aedes aegypti, em um ciclo humano-Aedes aegypti-humano. Sendo assim, o cuidado e a prevenção contra a dengue é uma prática que deve ser sempre incentivada, especialmente em áreas de risco, além de buscar incluir a população como partícipes nas ações de prevenção contra essa arbovirose. O artigo trata-se de um relato de experiência cujo objetivo é descrever a experiência desenvolvida e vivenciada pelos acadêmicos do curso de graduação em Medicina da UniFipMoc-Afya durante o projeto de extensão "Caminho Contra a Dengue" que ocorreu em maio de 2022 no Parque Municipal Cândido Canelas, localizado no bairro Canelas, Montes Claros ­ MG. As ações realizadas tinham caráter socioeducativo, tendo como objetivo reconhecer e demarcar os determinantes da dengue dos bairros Canelas e Antônio Canelas, para se realizar uma sensibilização da comunidade local sobre as medidas preventivas contra a proliferação da doença e, dessa forma, contribuir para a integralização da saúde dos moradores. As estratégias empregadas trouxeram a reflexão, a problematização da pauta e a valorização de uma mudança de comportamento visando à diminuição da transmissão da dengue no bairro Antônio Canelas e no Canelas. Logo, esse conjunto de experiências proporcionou a possibilidade de promover um avanço no cuidado e na prevenção da dengue, colocando a própria comunidade como precursora e responsável pelos atos que irão fornecer uma promoção da saúde e melhorias em suas vidas.


Dengue is an acute febrile illness with a typical viral etiology and a benign course that is severe when it presents in the hemorrhagic form. Its transmission occurs through the bite of Aedes aegypti, in a human-Aedes aegypti-human cycle. Therefore, care and prevention against dengue is a practice that should always be encouraged, especially in risk areas, in addition to seeking to include the population as participants in prevention actions against this arbovirus. The article is an experience report whose objective is to describe the experience developed and lived by the academics of the undergraduate course in Medicine at UniFipMoc-Afya during the extension project "Caminho Contra a Dengue" that took place in May 2022 at Parque Municipal Cândido Canelas, located in the Canelas neighborhood, Montes Claros - MG. The actions carried out had a socio-educational character, with the objective of recognizing and demarcating the determinants of dengue in the Canelas and Antônio Canelas neighborhoods, in order to raise the awareness of the local community about preventive measures against the proliferation of the disease and, in this way, contribute to the integralization of the population. residents' health. The strategies used and employed brought reflection, problematization of the agenda and the appreciation of a change in behavior aimed at reducing dengue transmission in the Antônio Canelas and Canelas neighborhoods. Therefore, this set of experiences provided the possibility of promoting progress in the care and prevention of dengue, placing the community itself as a precursor and responsible for the acts that will provide health promotion and improvements in their lives.


El dengue es una enfermedad febril aguda de etiología vírica típica y evolución benigna que es grave cuando se presenta en forma hemorrágica. Su transmisión se produce por la picadura de Aedes aegypti, en un ciclo humano-Aedes aegypti-humano. Así, el cuidado y la prevención contra el dengue es una práctica que siempre debe ser incentivada, especialmente en las zonas de riesgo, y buscar incluir a la población como partícipe de las acciones preventivas contra esta arbovirosis. El artículo es un relato de experiencia cuyo objetivo es describir la experiencia desarrollada y vivida por estudiantes de pregrado de medicina de la UniFipMoc-Afya durante el proyecto de extensión "Camino Contra el Dengue", que tuvo lugar en mayo de 2022 en el Parque Municipal Cândido Canelas, ubicado en Canelas, Montes Claros - MG. Las acciones realizadas tuvieron un carácter socioeducativo, con el objetivo de reconocer y demarcar los determinantes del dengue en los barrios Canelas y Antônio Canelas, a fin de sensibilizar a la comunidad local sobre las medidas preventivas contra la proliferación de la enfermedad y contribuir así a la integralización de la salud de los residentes. Las estrategias empleadas propiciaron la reflexión, la problematización del tema y la valorización de un cambio de comportamiento dirigido a reducir la transmisión del dengue en los barrios Antônio Canelas y Canelas. Así, este conjunto de experiencias proporcionó la posibilidad de promover un avance en la atención y prevención del dengue, colocando a la propia comunidad como precursora y responsable de actos que proporcionarán una promoción de la salud y mejoras en sus vidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Universities , Dengue/prevention & control , Projects , Population , Students, Medical , Awareness/ethics , Public Health/education , Aedes , Research Report , Health Promotion
10.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 21(5)oct. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441943

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La investigación científica tiende a ser presentada mediante reportes escritos, que inicialmente son denominados manuscritos, la revisión de su calidad es importante en el marco del rigor metodológico y científico. Objetivo: Diseñar y validar una rúbrica analítica para evaluar manuscritos científicos. Material y Métodos: Estudio instrumental. Donde se elabora una rúbrica analítica compuesta por 21 aspectos integrados en seis dimensiones y cuatro niveles de desempeño (Excelente, Bien, Regular, Por mejorar). Se utiliza la metodología de jueces expertos (n= 9), fiabilidad mediante el Alfa de Krippendorff (α) y relación prueba criterio externo e información cualitativa para la mejora de los indicadores. Resultados: El juicio de expertos indicó que los 21 aspectos a evaluar pueden ser considerados validos (V de Aiken ≥ 0.70) y fiables (α ≥ 0.70). Además, las sugerencias de los expertos permitieron mejoras cualitativas al instrumento. La aplicación piloto con un grupo de siete evaluadores indicó que la prueba cuenta con poder predictivo, porque se encontró que las puntuaciones de los jueces disminuyen mientras disminuye la calidad del manuscrito seleccionado. Conclusiones: La rúbrica analítica elaborada es un instrumento válido y fiable que puede ser utilizado para la valoración de manuscritos científicos en el ámbito de la educación médica. El proceso metodológico brinda evidencias solidas de su funcionamiento. A pesar de eso, se anima a continuar revisando el instrumento como parte de su proceso de mejora continua.


Introduction: Scientific research tends to be presented through written reports, which are initially called manuscripts. The review of their quality is important in the framework of methodological and scientific rigor. Objective: To design and validate an analytical rubric to evaluate scientific manuscripts. Material and Methods: Instrumental study. An analytical rubric composed of 21 aspects integrated into six dimensions and four performance levels (excellent, good, fair, to be improved) was developed. The methodology of expert judges (n = 9), reliability by means of Krippendorff's alpha (α), external criterion test, and qualitative information for the improvement of the indicators were used. Results: The expert judgment indicated that the 21 aspects to be evaluated can be considered valid (Aiken's V ≥ 0.70) and dependable (α ≥ 0.70). In addition, the experts' suggestions allowed qualitative improvements to the instrument. The pilot application with a group of seven evaluators indicated that the test has predictive power because it was found that the judges' scores decreased as the quality of the selected manuscript decreased. Conclusions: The analytical rubric elaborated is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used for the assessment of scientific manuscripts in the field of medical education. The methodological process provides solid evidence of its performance. Nevertheless, it is encouraged to continue revising the instrument as part of its continuous improvement process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research Report/standards
11.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(2): 291-294, jul./dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426465

ABSTRACT

A saracura-carijó Pardirallus maculatus possui uma distribuição ampla e disjunta na América Central e na América do Sul, ocorrendo em todas as regiões do Brasil. No estado de São Paulo, Sudeste do País, os registros são escassos, e estão espalhados entre interior e litoral. Com isso, apresentamos aqui o primeiro registro documentado desta espécie para o município de Bertioga, litoral de São Paulo. Uma ave adulta foi encontrada no dia 9 de outubro de 2020, em uma área urbana, sendo resgatada e solta no mesmo dia em uma área natural no Serviço Social do Comércio (Sesc) em Bertioga. Essa ave apareceu após uma forte tempestade, e sua ocorrência pode ter relação com isso, ou poderia estar fazendo algum deslocamento regional, comportamento já observado em outros ralídeos. Devido ao baixo número de registros desta espécie para o litoral paulista, este relato pode ajudar a entender melhor sua ocorrência nesta região do estado de São Paulo, contribuindo com sua conservação.


The Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus has a wide and disjunct distribution in Central and South America, occurring in all regions of Brazil. In the state of São Paulo, southeast of the country, records are scarce, and are scattered between the interior and the coast. Thus, we present here the first documented record of this species for the municipality of Bertioga, on the coast of São Paulo. An adult bird was found on October 9, 2020, in an urban area, being rescued and released on the same day in a natural area at Serviço Social do Comércio (Sesc) in Bertioga. This bird appeared after a strong storm, and its occurrence may be related to this, or it could be making some regional movement, a behavior already observed in other rails. Due to the low number of records of this species for the São Paulo coast, this report can help to better understand its occurrence in this region of the state of São Paulo, contributing to its conservation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Behavior , Birds , Records , Research Report
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(2): e3344, abr.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408394

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La administración de bifosfonatos y medicamentos antiangiogénicos en pacientes con cáncer es un esquema terapéutico usual en oncología. Existen reportes de osteonecrosis de los maxilares en pacientes sometidos a este esquema de tratamiento, luego de realizar un procedimiento dental invasivo. Objetivo: A partir de las características clínicas e imagenológicas de la patología, ilustrar al odontólogo sobre los medicamentos para el tratamiento del cáncer, susceptibles de generar osteonecrosis de los maxilares. Presentación de caso: Paciente masculino de 89 años, con cáncer de próstata tratado con denosumab, que desarrolló osteonecrosis del maxilar inferior posterior a una extracción dental. Es de vital importancia que el odontólogo identifique los medicamentos, factores de riesgo y las medidas para minimizar el riesgo de osteonecrosis de los maxilares en pacientes susceptibles(AU)


Introduction: The administration of bisphosphonates and antiangiogenic drugs in cancer patients is a usual therapeutic scheme in oncology. There are reports of osteonecrosis of the jaws in patients undergoing this treatment scheme, after performing an invasive dental procedure. Objective: Show the dentist from the clinical and imaging characteristics of the pathology on the drugs for the treatment of cancer sensitivity to generate osteonecrosis of the jaws. Case presentation: An 89-year-old male patient with prostate cancer treated with denosumab developed osteonecrosis of the lower jaw after tooth extraction. It is vitally important that the dentist identifies medications, risk factors and measures to minimize the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaws in sensitivy patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Osteonecrosis/etiology , Tooth Extraction/methods , Risk Factors , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Sensitivity and Specificity , Research Report
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408251

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal y anal es una enfermedad de elevada incidencia y la oclusión intestinal es su complicación más frecuente. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia y la mortalidad de los pacientes con cáncer colorrectal y anal y oclusión intestinal mecánica por esa causa. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de serie de casos que incluyó a los pacientes con diagnóstico de oclusión intestinal por cáncer colorrectal en Sancti Spíritus, Cuba, desde el 1ro de enero de 2014 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Se estudiaron pacientes vivos y fallecidos. Resultados: La incidencia de cáncer colorrectal y anal tuvo la mayor tasa en el 2016 con 28,73 por 100 000 habitantes. El mayor número de pacientes ocluidos fue en 2017 con 52. Conclusiones: La incidencia de cáncer colorrectal y anal y de oclusión por esa causa se encuentra por encima de los reportes cubanos, similar a los que ocurre en países de la región. La mortalidad por oclusión está por encima de investigaciones internacionales(AU)


Introduction: Colorectal and anal cancer is a disease with high incidence and intestinal obstruction is its most frequent complication. Objective: To describe the incidence and mortality of patients with colorectal and anal cancer and mechanical intestinal occlusion due to this cause. Methods: A descriptive case series revision was carried out including patients diagnosed with intestinal occlusion due to colorectal cancer in Sancti Spíritus, Cuba, from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. Living patients and deceased were studied. Results: The incidence of colorectal and anal cancer had the highest rate in 2016, that is, 28.73 per 100,000 inhabitants. The highest number of occluded patients was in 2017 with 52. Conclusions: The incidence of colorectal and anal cancer and occlusion because of this reason is above Cuban reports, similar to what occurs in countries in the region. Mortality due to occlusion is above international investigations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Research Report
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408250

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La tricotilomania, la tricofagia y el tricobezoar son afecciones entrelazadas e interconectadas. Estas deben tenerse en cuenta especialmente en féminas jóvenes que a menudo tienen una enfermedad psiquiátrica o trastorno social subyacente y es posible que la historia sea difícil de obtener. Objetivo: Presentar un caso portador de tricobezoar gástrico, por su baja incidencia en nuestro medio y a nivel mundial. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 12 años de edad, con antecedentes de retraso psicomotor, sin seguimiento o tratamiento previo. Acudió a consulta traída por su madre que aduce aumento de volumen en hemiabdomen superior de 5 años de evolución con pérdida de peso insidiosa. Los estudios radiológicos revelaron un tricobezoar gástrico que se corrobora, asociado a un síndrome de Rapunzel, en la laparotomía exploratoria. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y es seguida por grupo multidisciplinario. Conclusiones: Los bezoares gástricos son entidades poco frecuentes. Para el diagnóstico es necesario un alto índice de sospecha de conjunto con estudios radiográficos y/o endoscópicos. El tratamiento estará determinado por el tipo de bezoar, tamaño y consistencia. La opción quirúrgica es la más usada, con el consecuente seguimiento interdisciplinario para evitar recurrencias(AU)


Introduction: Trichotillomania, trichophagia and trichobezoar are intertwined and interconnected conditions. These should be considered, especially in young women who often have an underlying psychiatric illness or social disorder and possibly a history difficult to get. Objective: To report a case of gastric trichobezoar due to its low incidence in our environment and worldwide. Clinical case report: We report the case of a 12-year-old female patient with a history of psychomotor retardation, with no prior follow-up or treatment, who came to consult with her mother, complaining of increased volume in the upper abdomen, of 5 years of evolution with malignant weight loss. Radiological studies reveal a gastric trichobezoar that is corroborated, associated with Rapunzel syndrome, in the exploratory laparotomy. The patient evolved satisfactorily and a multidisciplinary group assisted her. Conclusions: Gastric bezoars are rare entities. Diagnosis requires high level of suspicion together with radiographic and/or endoscopic studies. The treatment will be determined by the type of bezoar, size and consistency. The surgical option is the most used, requiring interdisciplinary follow-up to avoid recurrences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Trichotillomania , Bezoars/diagnosis , Mental Disorders , Research Report , Laparotomy/methods
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408249

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cierre con pérdida masiva de tejido de la pared abdominal constituye un reto en la cirugía. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de cierre abdominal difícil donde se utilizó la técnica plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá hasta lograr aproximación de los planos cutáneo, muscular y aponeurótico. Caso clínico: Paciente recibido en emergencias con herida perforo-cortante en fosa lumbar izquierda. En la intervención se encontró hemoperitoneo por lesión esplénica, diafragmática y sección del ángulo esplénico del colon. Se le realizó esplenectomía, pleurostomía izquierda y rafia de lesión colónica. Pasadas cinco horas se reintervino por signos de choque y se encontró hematoma retroperitoneal y sección completa del polo superior del riñón izquierdo. Se le realizó nefrectomía izquierda. Al quinto día del posoperatorio mostró signos peritoneales y la exploración confirmó peritonitis fecaloidea por dehiscencia de sutura de colon. Se lavó cavidad y se le ejecutó colostomía tipo Devine. La pérdida masiva de pared abdominal obligó a emplear una plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá para aproximar ambos colgajos, se obtuvo aproximación paulatina hasta la síntesis de la pared. Conclusiones: El abdomen catastrófico es una condición grave y de difícil tratamiento. La bolsa Bogotá es una alternativa viable para esta condición y modificada con plicaturas paulatinas permite el acercamiento de los dos colgajos cutáneos y garantiza el cierre de la pared abdominal, además de ser una técnica fácil de usar y económica(AU)


Introduction: Closure with massive loss of abdominal wall tissue is a challenge in surgery. Objective: To report a case of difficult abdominal closure where the Bogotá bag technique was used until the approximation of the cutaneous, muscular and aponeurotic planes was achieved. Clinical case report: This patient was received in the emergency room with a perforating-cutting wound in the left lumbar fossa. In the intervention, hemoperitoneum was found due to splenic and diaphragmatic injury and section of the splenic flexure of the colon. Splenectomy, left pleurostomy and colonic injury raffia were performed. After five hours, the patient was operated again due to signs of shock. We found a retroperitoneal hematoma and a complete section of the upper pole of the left kidney. It was decided to perform left nephrectomy. On the fifth postoperative day, this patient showed peritoneal signs and examination confirmed fecal peritonitis due to dehiscence of the colon suture. Cavity was washed and a Devine-type colostomy was performed. The massive loss of the abdominal wall made it necessary to use a plication of the Bogotá bag to approximate both flaps, a gradual approximation was obtained until the synthesis of the wall. Conclusions: The catastrophic abdomen is a serious condition that is difficult to treat. The Bogotá bag is a viable alternative for this condition and modified with gradual plications, it allows the two skin flaps to approach each other and guarantees the closure of the abdominal wall, in addition to being an easy-to-use and economical technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colostomy/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Emergency Service, Hospital , Splenectomy/methods , Research Report , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408247

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Áscaris lumbricoides es el helminto más frecuente en el tracto gastrointestinal humano; la mayor prevalencia se registra en países en desarrollo, tropicales y subtropicales. En Cuba constituye una causa exótica de ictericia obstructiva con pocos casos reportados. Objetivo: Describir el manejo terapéutico exitoso de un caso de un hombre con ictericia obstructiva secundaria a ascariasis coledociana. Caso clínico: Paciente de 74 años operado en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Lucía Íñiguez Landín" de la provincia Holguín por ictericia obstructiva por ascariasis coledociana, con evolución clínico-quirúrgica satisfactoria. Conclusiones: En países en desarrollo debe tomarse en cuenta la ascariasis como causa de enfermedad obstructiva biliar o pancreática. El conocimiento del cuadro clínico y sus complicaciones, además, de las diferentes opciones en el tratamiento, debe ser del dominio de todo médico. La ictericia obstructiva por áscaris lumbricoides constituye en Cuba una causa exótica de esta infestación por parásitos(AU)


Introduction: Ascaris lumbricoides is the most frequent helminthiasis in the human gastrointestinal tract; the highest prevalence is recorded in developing, tropical and subtropical countries. In Cuba, it constitutes an exotic cause of obstructive jaundice with few reported cases. Objective: To describe the successful therapeutic management of a case of a man with obstructive jaundice secondary to choledochal ascariasis. Clinical case report: We report the case of a 74-year-old patient operated on at Lucía Íñiguez Landín Surgical Clinical Hospital, in Holguín province, for obstructive jaundice due to choledochal ascariasis, with satisfactory clinical-surgical evolution. Conclusions: In developing countries, ascariasis should be taken into account as a cause of biliary or pancreatic obstructive disease. Knowledge of the clinical condition and its complications, in addition to the different treatment options, should be the domain of every physician. Obstructive jaundice due to ascaris lumbricoides constitutes an exotic cause of this parasite infestation in Cuba(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Ascaris lumbricoides , Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Jaundice, Obstructive/surgery , Developing Countries , Research Report
17.
Educ. med. super ; 36(2)jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1404558

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Programa de Maestría en Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso responde a necesidades sociales y perspectivas del Sistema Nacional de Salud. Los resultados de sus investigaciones impactan en los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible No. 3 Salud y bienestar y No. 4 Educación de calidad. Objetivo: Exponer cómo la Maestría en Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso impacta en el desarrollo sostenible, a partir de las investigaciones realizadas. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación cualitativa y retrospectiva en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. La técnica de investigación empleada fue el análisis documental y bibliográfico, con la revisión de los informes de las tesis finales de maestría y de la autoevaluación del programa, en sus dos primeras ediciones (2015 y 2018), según el Sistema de Evaluación y Acreditación de Maestrías. Resultados: El Programa contó con 30 egresados, cuyas investigaciones abordaron el tratamiento laparoscópico del cáncer entre otros temas. Asimismo, la producción científica en la Edición 02 resultó de 100 publicaciones, 159 reconocimientos sociales relevantes y la edición de 3 libros. Conclusiones: La investigación y la creación de conocimiento e innovación en el Programa de Maestría en Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso han permitido fomentar soluciones de desarrollo sostenible en esta área del conocimiento. La producción científica y la socialización de los resultados obtenidos en eventos nacionales e internacionales propician su implementación en el Sistema Nacional de Salud. De esta forma, los resultados de investigación del programa contribuyen al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible(AU)


Introduction:The program of the Master's degree in Minimal Access Surgery responds to social needs and perspectives of the national health system. The results of its research have an impact on Sustainable Development Goals 3, "Good health and well-being, and 4, Quality education. Objective: To present how the Master's Degree Course in Minimal Access Surgery impacts on sustainable development, upon the base of the researches conducted. Methods: A qualitative and retrospective research was carried out at the National Center for Minimal Access Surgery. The research technique used was the document and bibliographic analysis, with the review of the reports of the final master's theses and the self-evaluation of the program, in its first two editions (2015 and 2018), according to the Evaluation and Accreditation System for Master's Degree Programs. Results: The program had 30 graduates, whose researches addressed, among other topics, the laparoscopic treatment of cancer. Also, the scientific production in the Edition 02 turned out to be one hundred publications, 159 relevant social recognitions, and the edition of three books. Conclusions: Research and the creation of knowledge and innovation in the Master's Degree Program in Minimal Access Surgery have allowed fostering sustainable development solutions in this area of knowledge. The scientific production and the socialization of the results obtained in national and international events favor their implementation in the national health system. Thus, the research results of the program contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Publishing , Achievement , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/education , Knowledge , Research Report , Sustainable Development/trends , Retrospective Studies , Qualitative Research , Health Postgraduate Programs
18.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220420. 486 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CNS-BR, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1377861

ABSTRACT

A 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde (8ª+8), conhecida pela marca da 8ª+8, em referência à relevância da 8ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde, realizada em 1986 e que deu origem às bases políticas e operacionais que permitiram a criação do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), percorreu um longo processo até a etapa nacional, realizada no período de 4 a 7 de agosto de 2019, em Brasília. A Comissão de Organização, instituiu amplo debate com conselheiros profissionais de saúde, gestores e prestadores, usuários, movimentos sociais e sindicais, que elaborou um documento orientador, o qual foi disponibilizado aos municípios e estados, para subsidiar os debates locais. Além dessa atribuição, acreditamos que seria necessário organizar um documento que permitisse o registro da 16ª Conferência para a memória da história da saúde no Brasil. A estruturação do presente relatório procurou dar conta dessa condição e foi feita de forma que se materialize a singularidade de cada momento e ações ofertadas e experienciadas por cada um(a) e, no seu todo, que representasse a relevância para a história do nosso sistema de saúde e para o contexto em que vivemos.


Subject(s)
Health Conferences , Health Councils , Health Policy , Professional Staff Committees , Unified Health System , Health Personnel , Research Report , Counselors
19.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e:1442, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar a experiência da utilização das tecnologias body painting e body projectioncomo ferramentas facilitadoras do processo ensino-aprendizagem na perspectiva de docentes de Enfermagem durante o ensino do exame físico cardiovascular. Método: relato de experiência de estratégia facilitadora aplicada ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular durante o curso de graduação em Enfermagem de uma universidade privada de São Paulo­Brasil. Resultados: participaram da experiência 40 estudantes, dois professores, um artista plástico e dois modelos que receberam a pintura corporal. O uso das referidas tecnologias suscitou reflexões sobre a possibilidade de utilizá-las como ferramentas para o ensino de forma lúdica e eficaz, otimizando o contexto acadêmico formal. Conclusão: as ferramentas body painting e body projection, de acordo com a percepção dos docentes, facilitam o processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular, uma vez que aproximam a teoria da prática e permitem, aos estudantes, associações visuais que superam as tradicionais barreiras de ensino-aprendizagem.(AU)


Objective: to report the experience of using the body painting and body projection technologies as facilitating tools in the teaching-learning process from the perspective of Nursing professors during teaching of the cardiovascular physical examination. Method: an experience report of a facilitating strategy applied to the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination in the Nursing undergraduate course at a private university from São Paulo, Brazil. Results: a total of 40 students, two professors, one plastic artist and two models on whom body painting was applied took part in the experience. Use of the aforementioned technologies raised reflections about the possibility of employing them as tools for playful and effective teaching, optimizing the formal academic context. Conclusion: according to the professors' perception, the body painting and body projection tools facilitate the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination, as they bring the theory closer to the practice and allow students to make visual associations that overcome the traditional teaching-learning barriers.(AU)


Objetivo: informar sobre la experiencia del uso de las tecnologías de body painting y body projection como herramientas facilitadoras del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje desde la perspectiva de los profesores de enfermería durante la enseñanza del examen físico cardiovascular. Método: informe de experiencia de estrategia facilitadora aplicada en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular durante el curso de graduación en enfermería de una universidad privada de São Paulo- Brasil. Resultados: participaron en la experiencia 40 alumnos, dos profesores, un artista plástico y dos modelos que recibieron la pintura corporal. El uso de estas tecnologías suscitó reflexiones sobre la posibilidad de utilizar ambas como herramientas para la enseñanza de forma lúdica y eficaz, optimizando el contexto académico formal. Conclusión: las herramientas de body painting y body projection, según la percepción de los profesores, facilitan el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular, ya que aproximan la teoría a la práctica y permiten a los alumnos realizar asociaciones visuales que superan las barreras tradicionales de enseñanza-aprendizaje.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System/anatomy & histology , Education, Nursing , Learning , Medical Illustration/education , Qualitative Research , Faculty, Nursing , Research Report
20.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1444, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394551

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: identify the influence of records in medical charts as one of the factors associated with technical disallowances. Method: quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional field study conducted in 2018 in two hospitals. A total of 324 payment statements were analyzed, considering five health plan operators in each hospital. These statements contain the codes of disallowances provided in the TISS [Exchange of Information on Supplementary Health] Table. Results: technical disallowances concerning materials were higher than those concerning medications in hospitals 1 and 2, 90.99% and 84.79%, respectively. The factors associated with technical disallowances were hospital stay — p=0.001 in hospital 1 and p=0.01 in hospital 2 — and type of hospitalization in hospital 2, p=0.000. Hospital 1 amounted to R$2,305.61 (2.28%) of disallowances in nine medical charts. However, all the medical charts contained the records of technical reports, which can be appealed. A different result was found for hospital 2, where 43 medical charts totaled R$31,181.14 (17.82%) of disallowances, R$3,096.13 of which concern missing codes (material and medication); hence, no appeal is possible, resulting in financial loss. Conclusion: the monetary amounts of technical disallowances were higher in both hospitals. There is evidence that the length of hospital stay generates disallowances. Therefore, the records in medical charts influence disallowances, and missing records lead to financial loss. TISS standardizes the reasons for disallowances, favoring justifications to appeal, and facilitates the analysis of records and controls of payments to the services provided.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la influencia de los registros en las historias clínicas como uno de los factores asociados al fallo técnico. Método: estudio cuantitativo analítico, de campo, transversal, en el año 2018, en dos hospitales. Se analizaron 324 extractos de pago, con cinco operadores de cada hospital. En estas declaraciones se describen los códigos del fallo que hacen referencia a la Tabla de Dominio de Intercambio de Información Sanitaria Suplementaria (TISS). Resultados: en los hospitales 1 y 2, el fallo técnico del material fue superior a la de la medicación, siendo del 90,99% y del 84,79%, respectivamente. Los factores asociados al fallo técnico fueron la duración de la estancia; p = 0,001 en el hospital 1 y p = 0,01 en el hospital 2, y el tipo de ingreso en el hospital 2 con p = 0,000. El Hospital 1 presentó R$ 2.305,61 (2,28%) de fallos en nueve historias clínicas. Sin embargo, todos presentaron registros de informe técnico, las cuales pueden ser apeladas. Resultados diferentes en el hospital 2, donde se han encontrado 43 historias clínicas, por un valor de R$ 31.181,14 (17,82%) y, de este valor, R$ 3.096,13 se refieren a los códigos de material y de medicamentos, no teniendo registros en las historias clínicas y no siendo posible apelar, acarreando pérdidas. Conclusión: en los dos hospitales, el valor del fallo técnico del material fue mayor. Hay pruebas de que el tiempo de permanencia puede generar fallos, y en cuanto al registro en la historia clínica, este influye en el fallo y, cuando falta, genera una pérdida financiera. El uso del TISS normaliza los motivos de los fallos, favorece la realización de la justificación del recurso, facilita el análisis de los expedientes y ayuda a controlar el pago del servicio prestado.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a influência dos registros no prontuário como um dos fatores associados à glosa técnica. Método: estudo quantitativo analítico, de campo, transversal, realizado no ano de 2018 em dois hospitais. Foram analisados 324 demonstrativos de pagamento, sendo cinco operadoras de cada hospital. Nesses demonstrativos, estão descritos códigos de glosa referentes à Tabela de Domínio de Troca de Informações de Saúde Suplementar (TISS). Resultados: nos hospitais 1 e 2, a glosa técnica de material foi maior que a de medicamento, sendo 90,99% e 84,79%, respectivamente. Os fatores associados à glosa técnica foram o tempo de permanência — p = 0,001 no hospital 1 e p = 0,01 no hospital 2 — e o tipo de internação no hospital 2, com p = 0,000. O hospital 1 apresentou R$ 2.305,61 (2,28%) de glosa em nove prontuários. Contudo, todos apresentaram registros de relatório técnico, que pode ser recursado. O resultado foi diferente do hospital 2, onde foram glosados 43 prontuários, no valor de R$ 31.181,14 (17,82%); desse valor, R$ 3.096,13 são referentes aos códigos de material e de medicamentos, não havendo registros em prontuários e não sendo possível fazer recurso, acarretando perda. Conclusão: nos dois hospitais, o valor da glosa técnica de material foi maior. Há evidência de que o tempo de permanência pode gerar glosa. Quanto ao registro no prontuário, este influencia na glosa e, quando ausente, gera perda financeira. A utilização do TISS padroniza os motivos de glosas, favorece a realização da justificativa do recurso, facilita a análise dos registros e auxilia no controle do pagamento do serviço prestado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Supplemental Health , Electronic Health Records , Health Information Exchange/economics , Medical Records , Research Report
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