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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 85-93, 20240102. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526823

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Perforated peptic ulcer remains one of the critical abdominal conditions that requires early surgical intervention. Leakage after omental patch repair represents one of the devastating complications that increase morbidity and mortality. Our study aimed to assess risk factors and early predictors for incidence of leakage. Methods. Retrospective analysis of data of the patients who underwent omental patch repair for perforated peptic ulcer in the period between January 2019 and January 2022 in Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Pre, intra and postoperative variables were collected and statistically analyzed. Incriminated risk factors for leakage incidence were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. This study included 123 patients who met inclusion criteria. Leakage was detected in seven (5.7%) patients. Although associated comorbidities (p=0.01), postoperative intensive care unit admission (p=0.03), and postoperative hypotension (p=0.02) were significant risk factors in univariate analysis, septic shock (p=0.001), delayed intervention (p=0.04), preoperative hypoalbuminemia (p=0.017), and perforation size >5mm (p= 0.04) were found as independent risk factors for leakage upon multivariate analysis. Conclusion. Delayed presentation in septic shock, preoperative hypoalbuminemia, prolonged perforation, operation interval, and large perforation size > 5mm were detected as independent risk factors for leakage. Postoperative tachypnea and tachycardia with increased levels of C-reactive protein and total leucocytic count are alarming signs for incidence of leakage


Introducción. La úlcera péptica perforada es una de las afecciones abdominales críticas que requiere una intervención quirúrgica temprana. La fuga después de la reparación con parche de epiplón representa una de las complicaciones más devastadoras, que aumentan la morbilidad y la mortalidad. Nuestro estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los factores de riesgo y los predictores tempranos de fugas. Métodos. Análisis retrospectivo de los datos de los pacientes sometidos a reparación con parche de epiplón por úlcera péptica perforada, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2019 y enero de 2022, en el Hospital Universitario de Mansoura, Egipto. Se recogieron y analizaron estadísticamente variables pre, intra y postoperatorias. Los factores de riesgo asociados a la incidencia de fugas se analizaron mediante análisis univariado y multivariado. Resultados. Este estudio incluyó 123 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se detectó fuga en siete (5,7 %) pacientes. Aunque las comorbilidades asociadas (p=0,01), el ingreso postoperatorio a la unidad de cuidados intensivos (p=0,03) y la hipotensión postoperatoria (p=0,02) fueron factores de riesgo en el análisis univariado, el shock séptico (p=0,001), el retraso en la intervención (p=0,04), la hipoalbuminemia preoperatoria (p=0,017) y el tamaño de la perforación mayor de 5 mm (p=0,04) se encontraron como factores de riesgo de fuga independientes en el análisis multivariado. Conclusión. Se detectaron como factores de riesgo independientes de fuga la presentación tardía en shock séptico, la hipoalbuminemia preoperatoria, la perforación prolongada, el intervalo operatorio y el tamaño de la perforación mayor de 5 mm. La taquipnea posoperatoria y la taquicardia con niveles elevados de proteína C reactiva y recuento leucocitario total son signos de alarma sobre la presencia de fuga.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer Perforation , Postoperative Complications , Omentum , Risk Factors
2.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 28: 1525, fev. 2024. Tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1527485

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a prevalência da COVID-19 entre os fisioterapeutas brasileiros e os fatores associados segundo características demográficas e ocupacionais. Método: estudo transversal, analítico, segundo inquérito on-line, com a participação de 670 fisioterapeutas de todas as regiões do Brasil. Utilizou-se uma adaptação do método respondent driven sampling ao ambiente virtual para a coleta de dados. Análises bivariadas e de regressão logística múltipla foram utilizadas para identificar associação entre o diagnóstico da COVID-19 e variáveis demográficas e ocupacionais. Considerou-se variáveis estatisticamente significativas com base em um p<0,05. Resultados: a prevalência da COVID-19 foi de 30% (IC95%: 27,8-32,3). Fisioterapeutas da região Sudeste tiveram menores chances de ter diagnóstico da COVID-19. Fisioterapeutas que prestaram assistência em hospital de campanha, que ficaram isolados da família e que tem crianças menores de 12 em casa tiveram chances aumentadas para o diagnóstico da infecção. Conclusão: questões sociodemográficas e ocupacionais impactam no aumento do diagnóstico de Covid-19 entre profissionais fisioterapeutas, o que enfatiza a necessidade de um sistema de saúde de qualidade, igualitário nas diferentes regiões brasileiras.(AU)


Objective: to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 among Brazilian physiotherapists and its associated factors. Method: cross-sectional study, according to an online survey, with the participation of 670 physiotherapists from all regions of Brazil. An adaptation of the respondent driven sampling method to the virtual environment was used to collect data. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyzes were used to identify associations between the diagnosis of COVID-19 and demographic and occupational variables. Variables were considered statistically significant based on p<0.05. Results: the prevalence of COVID-19 was 30% (95%CI: 27.8-32.3). In the Southeast region, physiotherapists were less likely to be diagnosed with COVID-19. Physiotherapists who provided care in a field hospital, who were isolated from their families and who have children under 12 years of age at home had an increased chance of being diagnosed with the infection.Conclusion: sociodemographic and occupational issues impact the increase in COVID-19 diagnoses among physiotherapists, which emphasizes the need for a quality and egalitarian health system in different Brazilian regions.(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar la tasa de prevalencia del COVID-19 en fisioterapeutas de Brasil y analizar sus factores asociados. Método: realizamos un estudio transversal mediante una encuesta on-line, en la que participaron 670 fisioterapeutas de todas las áreas de Brasil. Para la recogida de datos se utilizó una adaptación del método respondent driven sampling al entorno virtual. Se utilizaron análisis bivariados y de regresión logística múltiple para identificar la asociación entre el diagnóstico COVID-19 y variables demográficas y ocupacionales. Las variables se consideraron estadísticamente significativas en función de una p<0,05. Resultados: la prevalencia de COVID-19 fue del 30% (IC 95%: 27,8-32,3). Los fisioterapeutas del sudeste tenían menos probabilidades de ser diagnosticados de COVID-19. Los fisioterapeutas que prestaban asistencia en un hospital de campaña, que estaban aislados de sus familias y que tenían hijos menores de 12 años en casa tenían más probabilidades de que se les diagnosticara la infección. Conclusiones: aspectos sociodemográficos y ocupacionales inciden en el aumento del diagnóstico de COVID-19 entre los fisioterapeutas profesionales, lo que enfatiza la necesidad de un sistema de salud de calidad e igualitario en las diferentes regiones brasileñas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Occupational Risks , Occupational Health , Physical Therapists , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sociodemographic Factors
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220023, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To estimate the incidence of dental caries and associated factors in the school period from six/seven to ten years of age. Material and Methods: A longitudinal study involving 168 children was followed up between 2015 and 2019 in the municipality of Palhoça, Brazil. The dependent variable was the caries incidence rate in the mixed dentition. The independent variables included information regarding demographic and socioeconomic status. Multivariate analyzes were carried out using Poisson Regression with a robust estimator. Variables with p <0.20 in the bivariate analysis were included in the adjusted model. Relative risks were estimated, as well as 95% confidence intervals. Results: Of 168 followed schoolchildren, 32 developed the disease, providing an incidence rate of 19.0%. Female children had a 10% higher risk [RR = 1.10 (95% CI 1.03; 1.18)] of developing caries than males. Also, children born from fathers with ≤ 8 years of schooling at baseline had a 9% higher risk [RR = 1.09 (95% CI 1.01; 1.16)] of developing dental caries compared to fathers with higher education. Conclusion: The incidence of dental caries in a four-year period was 19.0%. Females and children born from fathers with a lower level of education showed higher incidence rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentition, Mixed , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies
4.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1344, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525350

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Classificar o risco de desenvolvimento de lesão por posicionamento cirúrgico. Método: Estudo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa realizado em hospital público, com 135 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia eletiva. Utilizaram-se instrumentos contendo caracterização sociodemográfica, clínica e cirúrgica e escala de avaliação de risco para desenvolvimento de lesões decorrentes do posicionamento cirúrgico. Empregaram-se análise descritiva, teste exato de Fisher ou teste χ2 e a medida de associação odds ratio, conforme apropriado. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes era do sexo masculino (51,11%), adulta (52,59%) e foi classificada como maior risco para o desenvolvimento de lesões por posicionamento cirúrgico (51,85%). Ser idoso, hipertensão, diabetes mellitus e cirurgias urológicas foram estatisticamente significativos (p < 0,05) para maior risco de desenvolvimento de lesões. A incidência de lesão por pressão foi de 0,74%, com observação apenas na região sacra. Conclusão: Verificou-se maior risco para desenvolvimento de lesão em decorrência do posicionamento cirúrgico e baixa incidência de lesão por pressão. A enfermagem perioperatória deve incorporar à prática assistencial ferramentas validadas de mensuração de risco para um cuidado seguro, individualizado e de qualidade aos pacientes cirúrgicos.


Objective:To classify the risk of developing injury due to surgical positioning. Method: Observational, longitudinal, prospective study with a quantitative approach carried out in a public hospital, with 135 patients undergoing elective surgery. Instruments containing sociodemographic, clinical, and surgical characteristics and a risk assessment scale for the development of injuries due to surgical positioning were used. Descriptive analysis, Fisher's exact test or χ2 test and odds ratio association measure were used as appropriate. Results: Most participants were male (51.11%), adults (52.59%) and were classified as having a higher risk for developing injuries due to surgical positioning (51.85%). Elderly, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and urological surgeries were statistically significant (p < 0.05) for a higher risk of developing lesions. The incidence of pressure injuries was 0.74%, with observation only in the sacral region. Conclusion: There was a greater risk of developing lesions due to surgical positioning and low incidence of pressure injury. Perioperative nursing should incorporate validated risk measurement tools into care practice for safe, individualized and quality care for surgical patients,


Objetivo:Clasificar el riesgo de desarrollar lesión por posicionamiento quirúrgico. Método: Estudio observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital público, con 135 pacientes sometidos a cirugía electiva. Se utilizaron instrumentos que contenían características sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas y una Escala de Evaluación de Riesgo para el Desarrollo de Lesiones por Posicionamiento Quirúrgico. Se utilizó el análisis descriptivo, la prueba exacta de Fisher, o chi-cuadrado y la medida de asociación odds ratio, según corresponda. Resultados: La mayoría de los participantes eran hombres (51,11 %), adultos (52,59 %) y se clasificaron con mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones debido al posicionamiento quirúrgico (51,85 %). Ancianos, hipertensión, diabetes mellitus y cirugías urológicas fueron estadísticamente significativos (p ˂ 0,05) para mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones. La incidencia de lesiones por presión fue del 0,74%, observándose solo en la región sacra. Conclusión: Hubo un mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones debido al posicionamiento quirúrgico y una baja incidencia de lesión presión. La enfermería perioperatoria debe incorporar herramientas validadas de medición del riesgo en la práctica asistencial para una atención segura, individualizada y de calidad a los pacientes quirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Perioperative Nursing , Risk Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures , Pressure Ulcer , Patient Positioning , Enterostomal Therapy
5.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3811, 2023-12-12. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523658

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os fatores relacionados à COVID longa na população adulta do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal analítico, do tipo web-survey, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostragem foi não probabilística, do tipo intencional, e incluiu 228 adultos brasileiros que testaram positivo para COVID-19. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de questionário online. Para verificar a associação entre variáveis qualitativas, utilizou-se o Teste Qui-quadrado ou Teste Exato de Fisher e, nas quantitativas, aplicou-se o Teste de Mann-Whitney com significância de 0,05. Resultados: Constatou-se que houve associação de variáveis sociodemográficas com a COVID longa. Observa-se maior média de idade entre aqueles em que persistiram os sintomas (p=0,041). A renda familiar daqueles com sintomas persistentes era inferior à dos indivíduos sem persistência (p=0,005). A prática de atividade física esteve associada a não persistência dos sintomas (p=0,024). A hipertensão arterial foi a comorbidade mais prevalente naqueles com sintomas persistentes (5,9%). No quadro clínico de COVID-19 associado à persistência dos sintomas, identificam-se calafrios (p-valor=0,009), cefaleia (p-valor=0,0027), tosse (p-valor=0,000), anosmia (p-valor=0,048), ageusia (p-valor=0,013), dispneia (p-valor=0,000) e diarreia (p-valor=0,018). sintoma de COVID longa mais prevalente foi a fadiga (62,89%). Conclusão: Idade e renda estiveram associadas à COVID longa. Praticar atividade física esteve associado a não persistência de sintomas. Descritores: COVID-19;COVID Longa; Sinais e Sintomas;Fatores de Risco; Brasil.


Objective:To analyze the factors related to long COVID in the adult population of Brazil. Methods:Analytical cross-sectional study, web-survey type, with quantitative approach. The sampling was non-probabilistic, of the intentional type, including 228 Brazilian adults who tested positive for COVID-19. Data collection took place through an online questionnaire. To verify the association between qualitative variables, the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used and, in quantitative variables, the Mann-Whitneytest was applied with significance of 0.05.Results:It was observed that there was an association of sociodemographic variables with long COVID. A higher mean age was observed among those who persisted symptoms (p=0.041). The family income of those with persistent symptoms was lower than that of individualswithout persistence (p=0.005). The practice of physical activity was associated with the non-persistence of symptoms (p=0.024). Arterial hypertension was the most prevalent comorbidity in those with persistent symptoms (5.9%). In the clinical picture of COVID-19 associated with the persistence of symptoms, it is observed: chills (p-value=0.009), headache (p-value=0.0027), cough (p-value=0.000), anosmia (p-value=0.048), ageusia (p-value=0.013), dyspnea (p-value=0.000) and diarrhea (p-value=0.018). The most prevalent long COVID symptom was fatigue (62.89%).Conclusion:Age and income were associated with long COVID. Physical activity was associated with no persistence of symptoms. Descriptors: COVID-19; Long Covid; Signs and Symptoms; Risk Factors; Brazil


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Brazil , Risk Factors , COVID-19
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 300-309, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528946

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chemotherapy response in early age-onset colorectal cancer patients is still controversial, and the results of chemotherapy response are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the age of colorectal cancer patients and histopathological features and chemotherapy response. Methods: This is a prospective observational study. The subjects in this study were colorectal cancer patients in the Digestive Surgery division at Tertiary Hospital in West Java from September 2021 to September 2022. Results: There were 86 subjects who underwent chemotherapy in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Consisting of 39 patients of early age onset and 44 female patients. The most common histopathological feature in early age onset (EAO) and late age onset (LAO) was adenocarcinoma (25% and 46%, respectively). Stage III colorectal cancer affected 38 patients, while stage IV affected 48 patients. There was a significant relationship between early age onset and late age onset with histological features (p < 0.001). The patients with the highest chemotherapy response had stable diseases in EAO (17 patients) and LAO (20 patients). There was no statistically significant relationship between age, histological features, and stage of colorectal cancer and chemotherapy response (p > 0.05). The results of the ordinal logistic regression test showed no systematic relationship between chemotherapy response and age, histopathological features, gender, or cancer stage (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There was no association between age and histopathologic features with chemotherapy response and there is no difference in chemotherapy response between early and late age onset. (AU)


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Staging
7.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 235-252, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El asma es una patología respiratoria caracterizada por inflamación cró-nica y reversible de las vías aéreas. Esta se asocia con factores de riesgo modificables y no modificables que influyen sobre su control y exacerbaciones. En países como Puer-to Rico y Cuba, la prevalencia del asma es significativamente mayor a la global (22,8%, 23% y 6,6%, respectivamente).


Introduction: Asthma is a respiratory pathology characterized by chronic and reversible airway inflammation. It is associated with modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors that influence its control and exacerbations. In countries such as Puerto Rico (22.8 %) and Cuba (23 %), the prevalence of asthma is significantly higher than the global prevalence (6.6 %).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asthma/prevention & control , Therapeutics , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Dominican Republic , Absenteeism , Symptom Flare Up
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3962, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1450106

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar el riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo en gestantes de riesgo habitual incluidas en el control prenatal y los factores asociados. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 201 gestantes, en el consultorio de prenatal de riesgo habitual de una maternidad universitaria. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un formulario electrónico que contenía un instrumento de caracterización y la Escala de Riesgo de Depresión del Embarazo. La variable dependiente fue el riesgo de depresión en el embarazo. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante el cálculo de la razón de posibilidades (Odds Ratio) y utilizando las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado y exacta de Fischer. Resultados: entre las participantes, 68,2% tenían mayor riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo. Hubo asociación estadísticamente significativa entre mayor riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo y la variable ocupación (p=0,04), o sea, la ausencia del trabajo (OR = 2,00) duplicó la probabilidad de ocurrencia. Conclusión: la alta prevalencia de riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo destaca la necesidad de planificación, priorización e integración de la salud mental en los servicios de salud prenatal, especialmente en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria de Salud, por parte de los gestores de salud y de los formuladores de políticas.


Objective: to identify the risk of depression during pregnancy among pregnant women receiving routine prenatal care and the associated factors. Method: a cross-sectional study, carried out with 201 pregnant women, in a routine prenatal clinic of a university maternity hospital. Data were collected using an electronic form containing a characterization instrument and the Escala de Risco de Depressão na Gravidez (Depression during Pregnancy Scale). The dependent variable was the risk of depression during pregnancy. Statistical analysis was performed by calculating the Odds Ratio and using the Chi-square and Fischer's Exact tests. Results: among the participants, 68.2% had a higher risk of depression during pregnancy. There was a statistically significant association between a higher risk of depression during pregnancy and occupation (p=0.04), that is, unemployment (OR=2.00) doubled the risk of depression. Conclusion: the high prevalence of the risk of depression during pregnancy indicates the necessity of planning, prioritizing, and integrating mental health into prenatal health services, especially in the primary healthcare environment, by health managers and policymakers.


Objetivo: identificar o risco de depressão na gravidez entre gestantes inseridas na assistência pré-natal de risco habitual e os fatores associados. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 201 gestantes, no ambulatório de pré-natal de risco habitual de uma maternidade universitária. A coleta de dados utilizou um formulário eletrônico contendo um instrumento de caracterização e a Escala de Risco de Depressão na Gravidez. A variável dependente foi o risco de depressão na gravidez. A análise estatística deu-se pelo cálculo da razão de chances (Odds Ratio) e pelos testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fischer. Resultados: entre as participantes, 68,2% apresentaram maior risco de depressão na gravidez. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o maior risco de depressão na gravidez e a variável ocupação (p=0,04), ou seja, a ausência de emprego (OR = 2,00) aumentou em duas vezes a chance de ocorrência. Conclusão: a alta prevalência de risco de depressão na gravidez evidencia a necessidade de planejamento, priorização e integração da saúde mental nos serviços de saúde pré-natal, principalmente no ambiente da Atenção Primária à Saúde, por parte de gestores de saúde e formuladores de políticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Depression/epidemiology
10.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 33 (2), 2023;33(2): 24-29, oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517120

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-Cov2, es causante de la pandemia COVID-19 que inició en febrero del 2020 en México. Según datos de Amnistía internacional de agosto del 2020, México era uno de los países con más muertes en personal sanitario. Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo para COVID-19 en trabajadores de salud del IMSS que reciben atención medica en la Unidad de Medicina Familiar #10. Materiales y Metodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo en la Unidad de Medicina Familiar N° 10 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, en el periodo de marzo del 2020 a Marzo del 2021. Se incluyeron trabajadores del área de la salud, ambos sexos, adscritos a la Unidad de Medicina Familiar N° 10 de Xalapa, Veracruz en México, con edad entre 18 a 65 años, con definición operacional compatible para casos confirmados de COVID-19, cuyo expediente electrónico se encontró completo en el SIMF. Posterior se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo que incluyó frecuencias y porcentajes de los factores de riesgo encontrados. Resultados: Se obtuvo una muestra total de 137 sujetos (56 masculinos y 81 femeninos), con estudios de licenciatura y carrera técnica (64,2% y 13,1% respectivamente). El personal administrativo (24,1%) y el personal de enfermería (26,3%) destacó en frecuencia. Un 18% del total, trabajaba en un área de atención exclusiva de pacientes con COVID-19, un 4,4% presentaba obesidad, 4,4% tabaquismo, 5,1% diabetes mellitus y un 6,6% hipertensión. Conclusión: Probablemente existan otros factores distintos a los identificados por lo cual convendría hacer más estudios al respecto.


Subject(s)
Risk Factors , Primary Health Care , Health Personnel , COVID-19
11.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 14(3): 1-11, 20230901.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1525818

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Diabetes Mellitus ocasiona a diminuição das reservas e capacidades funcionais. Sua associação com a síndrome da fragilidade acarreta declínio gradativo no sistema biológico, causando prejuízos globais à saúde da população idosa e, portanto, comprometendo sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: analisar a evolução da fragilidade e fatores associados em pessoas idosas com Diabetes Mellitus. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo longitudinal caracterizado por duas avaliações com intervalo de 18 meses, envolvendo 49 participantes com idade ≥ 60 anos e de ambos os sexos com diagnóstico clínico de Diabetes Mellitus. Na análise dos dados foram utilizadas medidas de tendência central, dispersão, proporções, teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon pareado e análise linear múltipla. Resultados: Na avaliação do seguimento, ocorreu um aumento da fragilidade e comprometimento da capacidade funcional entre as duas avaliações. Fatores associados, como as atividades instrumentais da vida diária e o número total de doenças, impactaram negativamente sobre a fragilidade dos participantes. Discussão: Os resultados encontrados no estudo convergem com a literatura cientifica relacionada à associação de doenças crônicas como a Diabetes Mellitus no aumento da fragilidade. Conclusão: A presença de uma doença crônica como a Diabetes Mellitus pode ocasionar o aumento da fragilidade e comprometer a funcionalidade. A avaliação destas condições nos serviços de saúde para identificação precoce é fundamental para estabelecer estratégias assertivas para a manutenção de um envelhecimento com qualidade de vida.


Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus causes a decrease in reserves and functional capabilities. Its association with frailty syndrome leads to a gradual decline in the biological system, causing global harm to the health of the elderly population and, therefore, compromising their quality of life. Objective: to analyze the evolution of frailty and associated factors in elderly people with Diabetes Mellitus. Materials and Methods: Longitudinal study characterized by two assessments 18 months apart, involving 49 participants aged ≥ 60 years and of both sexes with a clinical diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus. In data analysis, measures of central tendency, dispersion, proportions, paired Wilcoxon non-parametric test and multiple linear analysis were used. Results: In the follow-up assessment, there was an increase in frailty and impairment of functional capacity between the two assessments. Associated factors, such as instrumental activities of daily living and the total number of illnesses, had a negative impact on the participants' frailty. Discussion: The results found in the study converge with the scientific literature related to the association of chronic diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus with increased frailty. Conclusion: The presence of a chronic disease such as Diabetes Mellitus can cause increased frailty and compromise functionality. The assessment of these conditions in health services for early identification is essential to establish assertive strategies for maintaining aging with quality of life.


Introducción: La Diabetes Mellitus provoca una disminución de las reservas y capacidades funcionales. Su asociación con el síndrome de fragilidad conduce a un paulatino deterioro del sistema biológico, provocando un daño global a la salud de la población anciana y, por tanto, comprometiendo su calidad de vida. Objetivo: analizar la evolución de la fragilidad y factores asociados en personas mayores con Diabetes Mellitus. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio longitudinal caracterizado por dos evaluaciones con 18 meses de diferencia, involucrando a 49 participantes con edad ≥ 60 años y de ambos sexos con diagnóstico clínico de Diabetes Mellitus. En el análisis de los datos se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central, dispersión, proporciones, prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon pareada y análisis lineal múltiple. Resultados: En la evaluación de seguimiento, hubo un aumento de la fragilidad y el deterioro de la capacidad funcional entre las dos evaluaciones. Los factores asociados, como las actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria y el número total de enfermedades, tuvieron un impacto negativo en la fragilidad de los participantes. Discusión: Los resultados encontrados en el estudio convergen con la literatura científica relacionada con la asociación de enfermedades crónicas como la Diabetes Mellitus con mayor fragilidad. Conclusión: La presencia de una enfermedad crónica como la Diabetes Mellitus puede provocar aumento de fragilidad y comprometer la funcionalidad. La evaluación de estas condiciones en los servicios de salud para su identificación temprana es fundamental para establecer estrategias asertivas para mantener el envejecimiento con calidad de vida.


Subject(s)
Aged , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Frailty
12.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514487

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las anomalías congénitas renales y de las vías urinarias constituyen la principal causa de enfermedad renal crónica en la edad pediátrica. Su etiología es multifactorial. Intervienen factores maternos, genéticos y ambientales. En Cuba, las afecciones congénitas del riñón y las vías urinarias constituyen una latente preocupación y aunque se ha incrementado el diagnóstico prenatal de las mismas, el número de pacientes diagnosticados es alto. Objetivo: Contribuir al conocimiento de la comunidad científica en relación con los factores de riesgo asociados a las anomalías del desarrollo renal. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura médica disponible en las bases de datos Ebsco, SciELO, Scopus, Pubmed, revistas de nefrología pediátrica, pediatría, genética y teratología; y en la red social académica: Researchgate. Se accedió, durante los últimos cinco años, a varios artículos publicados en español y en inglés. Se utilizaron los descriptores Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, hydronephrosis, risk factors, prenatal diagnosis, congenital abnormalities. Conclusiones: La presencia de la diabetes, desde la etapa preconcepcional y durante las primeras semanas del embarazo, la obesidad, las dietas maternas bajas en proteínas, y las alteraciones de la fertilidad, se asocian a las anomalías del desarrollo renal. Existen factores de riesgo específicos para determinados tipos de defectos congénitos renales y de las vías urinarias. No se considera, que el consumo del ácido fólico tenga un papel protector sobre las alteraciones de la embriogénesis renal, por lo que se recomienda ser cauteloso con la dosis que se administra a las embarazadas.


Introduction: congenital renal and urinary tract anomalies are the main cause of chronic kidney disease in children. Its etiology is multifactorial. Maternal, genetic and environmental factors are involved. In Cuba, congenital renal and urinary tract affections constitute a latent concern, and although their prenatal diagnoses have increased, the number of diagnosed patients is high. Objective: to contribute to the knowledge of the scientific community in relation to the risk factors associated with renal developmental anomalies. Methods: a systematic review of the available medical literature was carried out in Ebsco, SciELO, Scopus and Pubmed databases, in pediatric nephrology, pediatrics, genetics, and teratology journals as well as in the academic social network: Researchgate. Several articles published in Spanish and English languages were accessed during the last five years. The used descriptors were congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, hydronephrosis, risk factors, prenatal diagnosis and congenital abnormalities. Conclusions: the presence of diabetes, from the preconceptional stage and during the first weeks of pregnancy, obesity, maternal diets low in protein, and fertility disorders, are associated with renal developmental anomalies. There are specific risk factors for certain types of kidney and urinary tract birth defects. It is not considered that the consumption of folic acid has a protective role on the alterations of renal embryogenesis, so it is recommended to be cautious with the dose administered to pregnant women.


Subject(s)
Prenatal Diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities , Urogenital Abnormalities , Risk Factors , Hydronephrosis
14.
Med. infant ; 30(3): 263-269, Septiembre 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1515961

ABSTRACT

Los estudios sobre la infección fúngica invasiva (IFI) por Mucor spp. en pacientes pediátricos con patología hematooncológica, son de baja solidez científica, lo que dificulta conocer en profundidad sus características y evolución. Con el objetivo de analizar la evolución fatal de esos pacientes, se llevó a cabo esta revisión sistemática (RS). Material y métodos: La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó con fecha 23 de marzo de 2023, en las principales bases de datos (Medline (a través de Pubmed), Embase (a través de Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (a través de Wiley), Cinahl (a través de Ebsco HOST), SCI-EXPANDED, SciELO (a través de la WOS) y Scopus (a través de Scopus-Elsevier), libre (mediante el motor Google) y revisando las citas de los artículos incluidos. Resultados: Se rescataron 1393 artículos, de los cuales se descartaron 1386 por diversas razones. Mediante el análisis de los textos completos, finalmente se incluyeron 7 estudios. Todos los estudios eran series de casos (nivel 4). La mediana de la frecuencia de muerte observada fue de 36,6% (Q1 20% - Q347%). Conclusiones: Esta RS mostró en niños con patología hemato-oncológica, que la mortalidad por IFI por Mucor spp. alcanzó a casi un tercio de los pacientes (AU)


Studies on invasive fungal infection (IFI) by Mucor spp. in pediatric patients with cancer have a low level of evidence, which makes it difficult to elucidate its characteristics and progression. To analyze the fatal outcome of these patients, this systematic review (SR) was conducted. Material and methods: A literature search was carried out on March 23, 2023, in the following main databases (Medline (via Pubmed), Embase (via Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (via Wiley), Cinahl (via Ebsco HOST), SCI-EXPANDED, SciELO (via the WOS) and Scopus (via Scopus-Elsevier). Additionally, a complementary search was carried out using free search engines (such as Google) and by reviewing the references of the included articles. Results: A total of 1393 articles were retrieved, of which 1386 were excluded for various reasons. After a thorough analysis of the full-text articles, 7 studies were ultimately included in the review. All studies were case series (level 4). The median observed death rate was 36.6% (IQR, 20% - 47%). Conclusions: This SR showed that in children with hematological-oncological disease, mortality due to IFI by Mucor spp. affected almost one third of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Hematologic Neoplasms/mortality , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Immunocompromised Host , Mucor , Neutropenia
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(3): 128-133, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las mujeres con mutación BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) tienen un riesgo aumentado de desarrollar cáncer de mama (CM) y ovario (CO). La salpingo-oforectomía bilateral (SOB) se asocia con la reducción del riesgo del 80% para CO y un 50% para CM. Se recomienda realizarla entre los 35 y 40 años. Como consecuencia se produce una menopausia prematura, con un impacto negativo sobre la calidad de vida por la presencia de síntomas climatéricos, aumento del riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular, osteoporosis y riesgo de alteración cognitiva. La terapia hormonal (THM) es el tratamiento más eficaz para la prevención de estos síntomas. Estado del arte: distintos estudios han demostrado un mayor riesgo de CM en mujeres posmenopáusicas que reciben THM en particular con terapia combinada, estrógeno + progesterona (E+P). Según el metanálisis de Marchetti y cols., en las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que recibieron THM, no hubo diferencias en el riesgo de CM comparando E solo con E+P. En el estudio de Kotsopoulos, incluso se encontró un posible efecto protector en aquellas que usaron E solo. Otro estudio en portadoras sanas demostró que, en las mujeres menores de 45 años al momento de la SOB, la THM no afectó las tasas de CM. Sin embargo, en las mujeres mayores de 45 años, las tasas de CM fueron más altas. Como el esquema de E+P se asocia con un mayor riesgo relativo (RR) de CM, las dosis de progestágenos utilizados se deberían limitar, eligiendo derivados naturales de progesterona, de uso intermitente para disminuir la exposición sistémica. Según diferentes guías internacionales, a las portadoras de mBRCA sanas que se someten a una SOB se les debe ofrecer THM hasta la edad promedio de la menopausia. Conclusión: la menopausia prematura disminuye la expectativa de vida; es por ello que una de las herramientas para mejorar y prevenir el deterioro de la calidad de vida es la THM. El uso de THM a corto plazo parece seguro para las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que se someten a una SOB antes de los 45 años, al no contrarrestar la reducción del riesgo de CM obtenida gracias a la cirugía. (AU)


Introduction: women with BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) mutation have an increased risk of developing breast (BC) and ovarian (OC) cancer. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is associated with an 80% risk reduction for OC and 50% for BC. The recommended age for this procedure is 35 to 40 years. The consequence is premature menopause, which hurts the quality of life due to the presence of climacteric symptoms, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and a higher risk of cognitive impairment. Hormone therapy (MHT) is the most effective treatment for preventing these symptoms. State of the art: different studies have shown an increased risk of BC in postmenopausal women receiving MHT, particularly with combined therapy, estrogen + progesterone (E+P). According to the meta-analysis by Marchetti et al., in women carrying mBRCA who received MHT, there was no difference in the risk of BC compared to E alone with E+P. In the Kostopoulos study, there was also a possible protective effect in those who used E alone. Another study in healthy carriers showed that in women younger than 45 years at the time of BSO, MHT did not affect BC rates. However, in women older than 45 years, BC rates were higher. As the E+P scheme is associated with a higher RR of BC, the doses of progestogens should be limited, choosing natural progesterone byproducts of intermittent use to decrease systemic exposure. According to various international guidelines, healthy mBRCA carriers undergoing BSO should be offered MHT until the average age of menopause. Conclusion: premature menopause decreases life expectancy, which is why one of the tools to improve and prevent deterioration of quality of life is MHT. Short-term use of MHT appears safe for women with mBRCA who undergo BSO before age 45 as it does not counteract the reduction in the risk of MC obtained by surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Menopause, Premature , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , Hormone Replacement Therapy , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Salpingo-oophorectomy/statistics & numerical data , Progesterone/adverse effects , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Estrogens/adverse effects , Estrogens/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 666-676, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509790

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el estándar de oro para el manejo de la patología de la vesícula biliar con indicación quirúrgica. Durante su ejecución existe un grupo de pacientes que podrían requerir conversión a técnica abierta. Este estudio evaluó factores perioperatorios asociados a la conversión en la Clínica Central OHL en Montería, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio observacional analítico de casos y controles anidado a una cohorte retrospectiva entre 2018 y 2021, en una relación de 1:3 casos/controles, nivel de confianza 95 % y una potencia del 90 %. Se caracterizó la población de estudio y se evaluaron las asociaciones según la naturaleza de las variables, luego por análisis bivariado y multivariado se estimaron los OR, con sus IC95%, considerando significativo un valor de p<0,05, controlando variables de confusión. Resultados. El estudio incluyó 332 pacientes, 83 casos y 249 controles, mostrando en el modelo multivariado que las variables más fuertemente asociadas con la conversión fueron: la experiencia del cirujano (p=0,001), la obesidad (p=0,036), engrosamiento de la pared de la vesícula biliar en la ecografía (p=0,011) y un mayor puntaje en la clasificación de Parkland (p<0,001). Conclusión. La identificación temprana y análisis individual de los factores perioperatorios de riesgo a conversión en la planeación de la colecistectomía laparoscópica podría definir qué pacientes se encuentran expuestos y cuáles podrían beneficiarse de un abordaje mínimamente invasivo, en búsqueda de toma de decisiones adecuadas, seguras y costo-efectivas


Introduction. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for the management of gallbladder pathology with surgical indication. During its execution, there is a group of patients who may require conversion to the open technique. This study evaluated perioperative factors associated with conversion at the OHL Central Clinic in Montería, Colombia. Methods. Observational analytical case-control study nested in a retrospective cohort between 2018 and 2021, in a 1:3 case/control ratio, 95% confidence level and 90% power. The study population was characterized and the associations were evaluated according to the nature of the variables, then the OR were estimated by bivariate and multivariate analysis, with their 95% CI, considering a value of p<0.05 significant, controlling for confounding variables. Results. The study included 332 patients, 83 cases and 249 controls, showing in the multivariate model that the variables most strongly associated with conversion were: the surgeon's experience (p=0.001), obesity (p=0.036), gallbladder wall thickening on ultrasonography (p=0.011), and a higher score in the Parkland classification (p<0.001). Conclusions. Early identification and individual analysis of the perioperative risk factors for conversion in the planning of laparoscopic cholecystectomy could define which patients are exposed, and which could benefit from a minimally invasive approach, in search of making safe, cost-effective, and appropriate decisions


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Conversion to Open Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Cholecystitis, Acute
17.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(2): 162-171, 14 de agosto del 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451581

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de mama triple negativo (TNBC) se caracteriza por la ausencia de receptores hormonales estrogénicos y progesterona; así como, del receptor 2 del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano (HER2). Los TNBC se asocian con altas tasas de recurrencia, metástasis rápidas, supervivencia deficiente y mayor mortalidad en comparación con otros subtipos histológicos de cáncer de mama. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la prevalencia del TNBC; Así también, las características clínicas, en pacientes atendidas en un centro oncológico de referencia en Bogotá. Metodología: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo transversal observacional, donde se evaluó la frecuencia del cáncer de mama subtipo triple negativo, Asimismo, las variables clínicas. En mujeres atendidas en la Organización Clínica Bonnadona Prevenir S.A.S. en Barranquilla, Colombia en el periodo 2021-2022. Resultados: Se estudiaron 350 pacientes, de los cuales 61 pacientes (17.4%) presentaban el inmunofenotipo triple negativo. La edad promedio fue de 54.5 años, 74% eran multíparas, 85% brindaron lactancia materna, 70% eran postmenopáusicas y el estadio clínico más frecuente fue el IIIB. Conclusión: En el presente estudio el 57.35% de la población exhibió un estadio clínico avanzado en el momento del diagnóstico; así mismo, las características clínicas son congruentes con los reportes en la literatura.


Introduction: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen, progesterone hormone receptors, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). TNBC is associated with an increased recurrence rate, distant metastasis, poor survival, and higher mortality than other pathological breast cancer subtypes. The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of TNBC, likewise, with the clinical characteristics, in patients treated in a reference cancer center in Bogotá. Methodology: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional observational study, where the frequency of triple negative subtype breast cancer was evaluated, as well as clinical variables and gynecologic and obstetric history, women treated at the Organización Clínica Bonnadona Prevenir S.A.S. in Barranquilla, Colombia in the period 2021-2022. Results: 350 patients were studied, of which 61 (17.4%) presented the triple-negative immunophenotype. The average age was 54, 74% were multiparous, 85% were breastfed, 70% were menopausal, and the most frequent clinical stage was IIIB. Conclusion: In this study, 57.35% of the population exhibited an advanced clinical stage at the time of diagnosis; Likewise, the clinical characteristics are consistent with the reports in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Risk Factors , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Epidemiology
18.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511053

ABSTRACT

O período pandêmico com todas as suas implicações possibilitou um aumento dos níveis de estresse em parte da população, que teve como consequência a obtenção ou o agravamento do bruxismo. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo foi realizar uma revisão integrativa sobre como o estresse causado pela pandemia de COVID-19 influenciou no desenvolvimento do bruxismo, considerando o perfil dos indivíduos acometidos. Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura a partir da seleção de artigos publicados nas bases de dados BVS, PubMed e EBSCOhost. Para isto, a seguinte questão de pesquisa foi formulada: "Existe relação entre o bruxismo e a pandemia de COVID-19?". A busca objetivou encontrar artigos publicados em português, espanhol e inglês, durante os anos de 2019 a 2023, utilizando os descritores "bruxismo", "COVID-19" e "estresse psicológico" e as suas respectivas versões em inglês, juntamente com a estratégia de busca AND. Revisão de literatura: Vinte estudos foram incluídos, ficando evidente uma prevalência do bruxismo como consequência do estresse pandêmico em pessoas jovens, do sexo feminino, além de estudantes/profissionais da área da saúde. Considerações finais: Acredita-se que a pandemia de COVID-19 vivenciada entre os anos de 2019 e 2023 tenha causado e/ou exacerbado estresse, sendo este um importante fator causador do bruxismo.(AU)


The pandemic period with all its implications allowed an increase in stress levels in part of the population, which resulted in the obstruction or worsening of bruxism. Objective: The aim of this article was to carry out an integrative review on how the stress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic influenced the development of bruxism, considering the profile of affected individuals. Method: An integrative literature review was carried out based on the selection of articles published in the VHL, PubMed and EBSCOhost databases. For this, the following research question was formulated: "Is there a relationship between bruxism and the COVID-19 pandemic?". The search aimed to find articles published in Portuguese, Spanish and English, during the years 2019 to 2023, using the descriptors "bruxism", "COVID-19" and "psychological stress" and their respective versions in English, together with the strategy of search AND. Integratve review: Twenty studies were included, revealing a prevalence of bruxism as a consequence of pandemic stress in young, females, in addition to students/health professionals. Final considerations: It is believed that the COVID-19 pandemic experienced between 2019 and 2023 caused and/or exacerbated stress, which is an important factor causing bruxism.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological/complications , Bruxism/etiology , Bruxism/psychology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Risk Factors , Pandemics
19.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 104-114, 20230808. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509417

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar se a condição bucal favoreceu a presença de desfechos adversos da gestação (DAG) em mulheres internadas e acompanhadas em um hospital escola. Métodos: um estudo de coorte retrospectiva com mulheres grávidas que foram internadas entre setembro de 2019 e início de março de 2020 e que continuaram o acompanhamento obstétrico. Resultados: Das 65 gestantes que seguiram acompanhamento, 27 (41,5%) dos bebês nasceram pré-termo e 20 (30,8%) com baixo peso, sendo que as duas condições estavam presentes em 15 crianças (23,1%), sendo significantemente relacionadas com a menor semana gestacional na internação. Ao relacionar diferentes fatores com o desfecho pré-termo, houve diferença significante em gestantes com a ocupação "do lar" e com o tempo de internação igual ou maior que 10 dias e com a presença de baixo peso ao nascer. Não foi observada relação dos dados avaliados da condição bucal das gestantes na internação com o parto pré-termo. Conclusões: Gestantes que necessitam de internação hospitalar durante a gravidez, independente da condição bucal, aumentam a possibilidade de apresentarem DAG, sendo fundamental a realização do correto acompanhamento pré-natal.(AU)


Objective: to assess whether the oral condition favored the presence of adverse effects during pregnancy in pregnant women hospitalized and followed up at a teaching hospital. Methods: a retrospective cohort study with mothers who were hospitalized during pregnancy between September 2019 and early March 2020 and who continued obstetric follow-up. Results: 83 pregnant women were interviewed and 65 were followed up Of the 65 pregnant women who followed up, 27 (41.5%) of the babies were born preterm and 20 (30.8%) with low birth weight, and both conditions were present in 15 children (23.1%), being significantly related to the shortest gestational week at admission. When relating different factors with the preterm outcome, there was a significant difference in pregnant women with the occupation "housewife" and with the length of hospital stay equal to or greater than 10 days and with the presence of low birth weight. There was no relationship between the evaluated data on the oral condition of pregnant women during hospitalization and preterm delivery. Conclusions: Pregnant women who require hospitalization during pregnancy, regardless of oral condition, increase the possibility of having negative pregnancy outcomes, and correct prenatal care is essential. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Length of Stay
20.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 50-68, 20230808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509412

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A literatura tem apontado uma possível relação entre diversas condições sistêmicas e as doenças periodontais. Dentro das doenças sistêmicas que podem gerar o uso crônico de medicamentos, com potencial associação com as doenças periodontais, destacam-se a hipercolesterolemia e o uso de estatinas; e as doenças do metabolismo ósseo e o uso de bisfosfonatos. Objetivo: Dessa maneira, o presente estudo objetivou revisar a literatura sobre o efeito das estatinas e dos bisfosfonatos nos parâmetros clínicos e radiográficos periodontais de indivíduos adultos. Resultados: Apenas estudos observacionais em humanos foram incluídos. Um estudo mostrou que, em pacientes que apresentam doença periodontal e usam estatina, houve 37% menos bolsas periodontais (profundidade de sondagem ≥4mm) quando comparadas aos que não utilizam a medicação, além de apresentarem menor índice de carga inflamatória e menor perda de inserção clínica. Em relação aos bisfosfonatos em indivíduos com doenças que envolvem o metabolismo ósseo, sugere-se que a utilização do fármaco tem obtido resultados positivos nos parâmetros periodontais, como menores sinais clínicos de inflamação gengival, menor profundidade de sondagem, menor perda de inserção clínica e maior nível de osso alveolar, quando comparados aos que nunca realizam essa terapia. Conclusão: Dessa forma, as estatinas e os bisfosfonatos apresentam efeitos promissores, em pacientes sob tratamento para suas respectivas condições sistêmicas, na melhoria dos parâmetros periodontais, porém é importante salientar que são necessários mais estudos sobre o assunto para melhor entender os reais efeitos a longo prazo do uso desses fármacos.(AU)


Introduction: The literature showed a possible relationship between several systemic conditions and periodontal diseases. Within the systemic diseases that can generate the chronic use of these drugs, potentially related with periodontal diseases, it may be cited the hypercholesterolemia and the use of statins; and bone metabolism diseases and the use of bisphosphonates. Objective: In this sense, the present study aimed to review the literature about the effect of statins and bisphosphonates in the periodontal parameters of adults individuals. Results: Only observational studies in humans were included. A study showed that, in patients with periodontal disease and users of statins, there 37% fewer periodontal pockets (probing depth ≥4mm) when compared to those who do not use the medication, as well as having a lower rate of inflammatory burden and less loss of clinical insertion. Regarding the bisphosphonates in individuals diagnosed with diseases involving bone metabolism, it was suggested that the use of the drug has obtained positive results in periodontal parameters, such as a greater absence of plaque, less clinical signs of gingival inflammation, less probing depth, lower level of clinical insertion and higher level of alveolar bone when compared to those who never undergo this therapy. Conclusion: Thus, statins and bisphosphonates have promising effects in patients under treatment for their respective systemic condition in improving periodontal parameters, but it is important to emphasize that further studies on the subject are needed to better understand the long-term effects of the use of these drugs.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/chemically induced , Periodontium/drug effects , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Hypercholesterolemia/complications , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy
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