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Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(2): e2020520, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249805


Objetivo: Analisar aspectos relacionados com a positividade para esquistossomose em área de baixa prevalência, no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado no primeiro semestre de 2020, quando foram analisadas a proporção de positividade, em função do número de lâminas de Kato-Katz, o desempenho diagnóstico do teste e a estimação da positividade a partir dos dados do Sistema de Informação do Programa de Vigilância e Controle da Esquistossomose (SISPCE). Resultados: Foram analisadas 2.088 lâminas de 348 indivíduos, sendo a proporção de positividade de 11,8%, 26,7% e 31,0% para 1, 4 e 6 lâminas analisadas, respectivamente. Houve concordância excelente (índice Kappa = 0,91) na comparação entre as leituras de 4 e 6 lâminas. Foi estimada subnotificação de 2,1 vezes nos dados do SISPCE. Conclusão: Ampliar o número de lâminas aumentou a positividade do Kato-Katz, o que pode contribuir para maximizar o controle da doença enquanto problema de Saúde Pública.

Objetivo: Analizar aspectos relacionados con la positividad para esquistosomiasis en área de baja prevalencia en Brasil. Métodos: Estudio transversal, realizado en el primer semestre de 2020, donde se analizó la proporción de positividad según el número de portaobjetos de Kato-Katz, el rendimiento diagnóstico de la prueba y la creación de un factor de estimación de positividad a partir de los datos del Sistema de Información del Programa de Vigilancia y Control de la Esquistosomiasis (SISPCE). Resultados: Se analizaron 2.088 láminas de 348 individuos, con proporción de positividad del 11,8%, 26,7% y 31,0% para 1, 4 y 6 láminas analizadas, respectivamente. Hubo una excelente concordancia (Kappa = 0,91) en la comparación entre la lectura de 4 y 6 láminas. Se estimó un subregistro de 2,1 veces en los datos del SISPCE. Conclusión: Aumentar el número de muestras aumentó la positividad de Kato-Katz, lo que puede contribuir a maximizar el control de la enfermedad como problema de Salud Pública.

Objective: To analyze aspects related to schistosomiasis positivity in an area of low prevalence in Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, carried out in the first half of 2020, where we analyzed the proportion of positivity, according to the number of Kato-Katz slides, the diagnostic performance of the test and positivity estimates based on data from the Schistosomiasis Surveillance and Control Program Information System (SISPCE). Results: 2,088 slides from 348 individuals were analyzed, with proportion of positivity of 11.8%, 26.7% and 31.0% for 1, 4 and 6 slides analyzed, respectively. There was excellent agreement (Kappa = 0.91) between the readings of 4 and 6 slides. The SISPCE data was estimated to be underreported by up to 2.1 times. Conclusion: Increasing the number of slides increased Kato-Katz positivity, which can contribute to maximizing the control of the disease as a Public Health problem.

Humans , Animals , Child, Preschool , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Parasitic Sensitivity Tests/methods , Neglected Diseases , Epidemiological Monitoring
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200335, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136822


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis, caused by infection from Schistosoma mansoni, is a disease that represents an important public health problem for Brazil, especially for states in the Northeast region. Thus, the aim of this study is to present a new epidemiological profile for the disease in a municipality with low prevalence in the state of Alagoas, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted through a coproparasitological and malacological survey. A structured questionnaire was applied to the study participants to survey possible risk factors and a spatial analysis (kernel density) was used to measure the risk of infection. RESULTS: Of the 347 participants, 106 (30.5%) were infected by Schistosoma mansoni, most of them from the urban area of the municipality (68.9%; 73/106). A 3-fold risk of infection was found for individuals living in the urban area and a risk of 2.15 times for self-declared farmers. Biomphalaria glabrata and B. straminea were the species found in the municipality, but no animals were diagnosed as infected by the parasite. Spatial analysis showed a random distribution of vectors and human cases of the disease, and the formation of two clusters of human cases in the urban area was seen. CONCLUSIONS: A new epidemiological profile for schistosomiasis from S. mansoni infection was presented in a municipality of low endemicity: a high proportion of positive individuals in the urban area; presence of snails without positive diagnosis for S. mansoni infection; random distribution of vectors and human cases; and absence of association between classical risk factors and human infection.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/transmission , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Schistosoma mansoni , Biomphalaria , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Vectors , Middle Aged
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190562, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136886


Abstract INTRODUCTION Schistosomiasis is a poverty-related disease that affects people in 78 countries worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) test performance using sensitive parasitological methods as a reference standard (RS) in individuals before and after treatment. METHODS The RS was established by combining the results of 16 Kato-Katz slides and the Helmintex® method. Positivity rates of the POC-CCA test and Kato-Katz and Helmintex® methods were calculated before treatment and 30 days afterward. Furthermore, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and kappa coefficient before treatment were determined by comparing the methods. The cure rate was defined 30 days after treatment. RESULTS Among the 217 participants, the RS detected a total of 63 (29.0%) positive individuals. The POC-CCA test identified 79 (36.4%) infections. The evaluation of POC-CCA test performance in relation to the RS revealed a sensitivity of 61.9%, specificity of 74.0%, accuracy of 70.5%, and kappa coefficient of 0.33. Out of the 53 remaining participants after treatment, a total of 45 (81.1%) showed egg negative results, and 8 (18.9%) were egg positive according to the RS. A total of 5 (9.4%) egg-positive and 37 (69.8%) egg-negative individuals were positive by the POC-CCA test. CONCLUSIONS Our data show that the POC-CCA test has potential as an auxiliary tool for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infection, yielding better results than 16 Kato-Katz slides from three different stool samples. However, the immunochromatographic test lacks sufficient specificity and sensitivity for verifying the cure rate after treatment.

Humans , Animals , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/urine , Sensitivity and Specificity , Antigens, Helminth/blood
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180347, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976240


BACKGROUND Schistosomiasis mansoni is a poverty-related parasitic infection that has a variety of clinical manifestations. We consider the disability and deaths caused by schistosomiasis unacceptable for a tool-ready disease. Its condition in Brazil warrants an analysis that will enable better understanding of the local health losses and contribute to the complex decision-making process. OBJECTIVE This study estimates the cost of schistosomiasis in Brazil in 2015. METHODS We conducted a cost of illness study of schistosomiasis mansoni in Brazil in 2015 based on a prevalence approach and from a societal perspective. The study included 26,499 schistosomiasis carriers, 397 hepatosplenic cases, 48 cases with the neurological form, 284 hospitalisations, and 11,368.26 years of life lost (YLL) of which 5,187 years are attributable to economically active age groups. RESULTS The total cost of schistosomiasis mansoni in Brazil was estimated to be US$ 41,7million in 2015 with 94.61% of this being indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS The economic burden of schistosomiasis mansoni in Brazil is high and results in the loss of productivity. Its persistence in Brazil is a challenge to public health and requires inter-sectorial interventions in areas such as indoor water supply, basic sanitation, and education.

Humans , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/rehabilitation , Schistosomiasis mansoni/therapy , Cost of Illness
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 795-801, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977110


Abstract INTRODUCTION Portal hypertension and periportal fibrosis commonly occur in severe Schistosoma mansoni infection. Changes in lipid profile and elevated levels of circulating liver enzymes have also been described in infected individuals. The present study sought to assess the alterations in laboratory parameters associated with liver disorder in individuals infected by S. mansoni who visited a private routine laboratory service. Levels of circulating liver enzymes (gamma-glutamyl transferase [γ-GT], aspartate transaminase [AST], alanine transaminase [ALT], and alkaline phosphatase [ALP]) and a lipid panel (total cholesterol [COL], high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], very low-density lipoprotein [VLDL], and triglycerides [TRI]) were evaluated in both infected and non-infected individuals and relative risk was used to measure associations. METHODS Data were collected for analysis from a total of 1,078 cases identified in 379,600 individuals who submitted samples to the Datalab Laboratory (Salvador, Bahia) between 2004 and 2008. RESULTS S. mansoni infection led to increased circulating levels of γ-GT in both women and men, AST (women), and ALP (men). S. mansoni infection was a protective factor against increased levels of TRI, CHO, and VLDL for individuals aged 19 years or older. The results of our analysis indicate that alterations in lipid metabolism and circulating liver enzymes in asymptomatic S. mansoni-infected individuals might be attributed to eggs lodged in the hepatic sinusoids. CONCLUSIONS Parasitological testing for S. mansoni should be indicated in endemic areas when this pattern of alterations is detected.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis mansoni/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/enzymology , Biomarkers/blood , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Feces/parasitology , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood , Lipids/blood
Clinics ; 73: e340, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952805


OBJECTIVE: Schistosomiasis remains a public health problem. This was a descriptive and retrospective study of 42 patients with a severe form of schistosomiasis who were admitted to the outpatient clinic of the Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A data collection questionnaire was designed from the patient charts, and the following variables were evaluated: age, sex, place of birth, occupation, signs and symptoms of schistosomiasis, data from laboratory and imaging examinations, data regarding treatment outcomes, and the existence of comorbidities. Statistical analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 15.0 and Microsoft Excel 2003 software. The significance levels of the tests were fixed, accepting 5% type 1 error (α=0.05). Since this was a retrospective observational study, not all data were available for analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 48.24 years; 57.1% were male. Statistically significant associations were observed between splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia (p=0.004) and between splenomegaly and leukopenia (p=0.046); however, only 4.5% of the patients had esophageal hemorrhage. Some patients received a specific treatment; of those, 42% took praziquantel, and 35.4% took oxamniquine. Nonspecific drug therapy was given as follows: 65% received propranolol, 90% omeprazole, and 43.6% aluminum hydroxide. The other treatments were as follows: 92.9% of patients underwent endoscopic treatment, 85% received sclerotherapy, and 62.5% used elastic bandages. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study presents a multidisciplinary outpatient follow-up associated with endoscopic and drug treatments that may be effective at preventing bleeding.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/therapy , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Educational Status , Hospitals, University
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(6): 805-811, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897028


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite the advances of disease control programs, severe forms of schistosomiasis are prevalent. The prevalence of the disease in areas frequented by tourists urges for permanent prevention and control. The aim of this study was to describe the morbidity of schistosomiasis in the district of Antônio Pereira, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The proportion of positives was defined by Kato-Katz coproscopy and urinary POC-CCA rapid test. Hepatosplenic form was diagnosed using abdominal ultrasound. RESULTS: Out of 180 participants,97 were examined by Kato-Katz, with 4 (4.1%) being positive. Thirty-four (22.1%) out of 154 were positive by POC-CCA. Five (2.8%) of 177 examined by ultrasound had hepatosplenic form. One of them had undergone splenectomy. One (0.6%)participant had myeloradiculopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Severe forms of schistosomiasis are still prevalent in low endemic areas and should be thoroughly investigated.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Splenic Diseases/epidemiology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Splenic Diseases/parasitology , Splenic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Morbidity , Educational Status , Feces/parasitology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/diagnostic imaging , Antigens, Helminth/urine
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(6): 812-818, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897036


Abstract INTRODUCTION Ectopic forms of schistosomiasis are those in which the parasitic element is localized outside the portal system, the natural habitat of the helminth. Although the prevalence rates of schistosomiasis are high in Brazil, clinical and epidemiological data on ectopic forms of the disease are still scarce. METHODS Cross-sectional, retrospective and descriptive epidemiological study in which cases with a confirmed histopathological diagnosis of an ectopic form of schistosomiasis were analyzed. The cases were selected from a database of the anatomic pathology files of a referral center. RESULTS Of the 21 cases identified, seven affected the female genital tract and five the male genital tract; four cases were identified in the peritoneum; two cases involved lymph nodes and two involved adipose tissue; and renal involvement was detected in one case. CONCLUSIONS The lack of knowledge of the clinical presentation of ectopic forms of schistosomiasis makes the early identification and treatment of this form difficult, with direct implications in the reduction of morbidity and mortality in endemic areas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(6): 452-455, June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040569


ABSTRACT Diagnosis of schistosomiasis in migrants coming from endemic areas can be difficult, especially in asymptomatic subjects. Light-intensity disease, in fact, may be missed due to the low sensitivity of the stool microscopy and serologic testing cannot distinguish between a resolved infection and an active infection in patients who have been infected and treated in the past, because specific antibodies can persist despite cure. We describe a cross-sectional study conducted on 82 migrants tested for Schistosoma mansoni on single blood (anti-schistosome antibodies, total IgE) and urine [point-of-care (POC) circulating-cathodic-antigen (CCA) test] samples. A positive POC-CCA test (active infection) resulted in two untreated patients with a positive serology while all patients (n = 66) with a past infection showed a negative POC-CCA test. POC-CCA urine test in combination with serology may be helpful in rapidly differentiate active from past S. mansoni infection in migrants coming from endemic areas.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Transients and Migrants/statistics & numerical data , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Antigens, Helminth/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Italy , Middle Aged
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 500-503, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896366


Sumary The identification of a escrotal mass without pain or report of trauma should be investigated to rule out scrotal cancer. We report the case of a young Brazilian boy who underwent orchiectomy after magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and duplex scan (DS) indicating a high possibility of cancer. Blood exams ruled out the possibility of cancer. Testicular biopsy was not indicated. After surgery the diagnostic was extensive orchiepididymitis by Schistosoma. In endemic areas orchiepididymis by Schistosoma should be investigate to avoid unnecessary surgeries. This patient was also infected with Zika virus.

Resumo A identificação de massa escrotal sem relato de dor ou trauma deve ser investigada a fim de afastar a possibilidade de câncer escrotal. O artigo reporta o caso de um jovem brasileiro que apresentou massa escrotal com essas características. Ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) e ultrassonografia (US) indicaram grande possibilidade de câncer. Os marcadores tumorais sanguíneos estavam normais, e a biópsia não poderia ser realizada. O resultado anatomopatológico diagnosticou extensa fibrose esquistossomótica, associada a quadro clínico e sorológico de Zika vírus concomitantemente. Em regiões endêmicas, pacientes com alterações escrotais devem ser pesquisados a fim de evitar cirurgias desnecessárias.

Humans , Animals , Male , Testicular Diseases/parasitology , Testicular Diseases/virology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Zika Virus Infection , Testicular Diseases/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 532-537, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896356


Summary Introduction: Thrombocytopenia is commonly found in patients living in highly endemic areas for Schistosoma mansoni. Recently, different degrees of liver steatosis have also been associated with low platelet counts worldwide. We investigated the association of platelet counts with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and with liver steatosis in an area of low prevalence of schistosomiasis in Brazil. Method: Pains, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, had a population of 8,307 inhabitants and a schistosomiasis prevalence of 8%. Four micro-areas comprising 1,045 inhabitants were selected for this study. Blood sample was collected and a complete blood count (CBC) was performed. Eighty-seven (87) patients had low platelet counts (group 1 - 8.3%) and 94 volunteers presenting normal CBC were randomized (group 2 - 8.9%). They underwent clinical and ultrasound examinations. Liver steatosis was determined as either present or absent using abdominal ultrasound. A spleen > 12 cm in length, measured by ultrasound (US), was considered to be increased. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS software version 19.0. Results: Twenty-two patients (22/25.3%) in group 1 had liver steatosis compared with 11 volunteers (11.7%) in group 2 (p=0.02). Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was diagnosed in two patients (p>0.05). Conclusion: Thrombocytopenia was not a good marker of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni in a low prevalence area in Brazil. Liver steatosis was associated with thrombocytopenia in our study.

Resumo Introdução: Trombocitopenia é um achado comum em pacientes que residem em áreas com alta endemicidade de esquistossomose mansônica. Recentemente, diferentes graus de esteatose hepática também têm sido associados a níveis baixos de plaquetas em todo o mundo. Investigamos a associação de níveis séricos de plaquetas com a forma grave da esquistossomose e com esteatose hepática em área de baixa prevalência de esquistossomose no Brasil. Método: Pains, cidade localizada no estado de Minas Gerais/Brasil, tem população de 8.307 habitantes e prevalência de esquistossomose de 8%. Em quatro microáreas dessa região, 1.045 habitantes foram avaliados para o estudo. Amostra de sangue foi coletada para realização do hemograma. Oitenta e sete (87) pessoas com níveis baixos de plaquetas formaram o grupo 1 (8,3%), e 94 voluntários com hemograma normal foram randomizados para compor o grupo 2 (8,9%). Todos os participantes dos grupos 1 e 2 foram submetidos a exame clínico e ultrassonografia (US) abdominal. Esteatose hepática foi caracterizada como presente ou ausente pela ultrassonografia (US) abdominal. Baços com mais de 12 cm de comprimento à US foram considerados aumentados. Os dados coletados foram analisados pelo programa de estatística SPSS 19.0. Resultados: Vinte e dois (22) indivíduos do grupo 1 (25,3%) e 11 do grupo 2 apresentaram esteatose hepática (11,7%) (p=0,02). Esquistossomose hepatoesplênica foi diagnosticada em dois pacientes (p>0,05). Conclusão: Trombocitopenia não foi um bom marcador de esquistossomose mansônica hepatoesplênica em área de baixa prevalência da esquistossomose no Brasil. Esteatose hepática foi associada com trombocitopenia no presente estudo.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thrombocytopenia/parasitology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Biomarkers/blood , Fatty Liver/parasitology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endemic Diseases , Fatty Liver/diagnosis , Fatty Liver/epidemiology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Middle Aged
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(3): 358-364, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896982


Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Kato-Katz technique is the standard diagnostic test for Schistosoma mansoni infection in rural areas. However, the utility of this method is severely limited by the day-to-day variability in host egg excretion in the stool. In high-transmission areas, the point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) urine assay has proven to be a reliable test. However, investigations of the reliability of the POC-CCA assay in low-transmission regions are under way. This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the POC-CCA assay and the morbidity of schistosomiasis in a low-endemic area in Brazil. METHODS: Pains City is a low-transmission zone for schistosomiasis. A total of 300 subjects aged 7-76 years were randomly selected for the POC-CCA cassette test. For S. mansoni diagnosis, three stool samples on six slides were compared with one urine sample for each subject. The sensitivity and specificity in the absence of a gold standard were calculated using latent class analysis. Clinical examinations and abdominal ultrasounds were performed in 181 volunteers to evaluate morbidity associated with schistosomiasis. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of the Kato-Katz technique were 25.6% and 94.6%, respectively. By contrast, the sensitivity and specificity of the POC-CCA assay were 68.1% and 72.8%, respectively. Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was diagnosed in two patients (1.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the POC-CCA urine assay proved to be a useful test for diagnosing S. mansoni in a low-endemic area in Brazil. Severe clinical forms of schistosomiasis can be present even in such low-endemic areas.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Antigens, Helminth/urine , Rural Population , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Point-of-Care Systems , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(5): 249-254, May 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898858


Abstract The occurrence of Manson's schistosomiasis in organs of the female reproductive tract is an uncommon event, given that the etiological agent for this disease is a blood parasite that inhabits the mesenteric veins. In this case report, a 45-year-old female patient reported that her first symptoms had been strong pain in the left iliac region around two years earlier. An endovaginal pelvic ultrasonography showed that the left ovary was enlarged, and the report suggested that this finding might be correlated with clinical data and tumor markers. After being examined at several healthcare services, the patient was referred to an oncology service due to suspected neoplasia, where she underwent a left ovariectomy. The result from the histopathological examination showed the presence of granulomatous inflammatory processes surrounding both viable and calcified eggs of Schistosoma mansoni. There was no evidence of any neoplastic tissue. The patient was medicated and followed-up as an outpatient.

Resumo A ocorrência da esquistossomose mansônica em órgãos do aparelho reprodutor feminino é um evento pouco comum, tendo em vista que o agente etiológico desta doença é um parasito sanguíneo que habita as veias mesentéricas. Neste relato decaso, uma paciente de 45 anos referiu como primeira sintomatologia fortes dores na região ilíaca esquerda há cerca de 2 anos. Uma ultrassonografia pélvica endovaginal identificou aumento do ovário esquerdo, e o laudo sugeriu correlacionar tal achado com dados clínicos e marcadores tumorais. Após passar por vários serviços de saúde, a paciente foi encaminhada para um serviço de oncologia por suspeita de neoplasia, sendo submetida a uma ovariectomia à esquerda. O resultado do exame histopatológico evidenciou a presença de processos inflamatórios granulomatosos em torno de ovos viáveis e calcificados de Schistosoma mansoni. Não houve qualquer evidência de tecido neoplásico. A paciente foi medicada, e seguiu em acompanhamento ambulatorial.

Humans , Ovarian Diseases/parasitology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/epidemiology , Ovarian Diseases/diagnosis , Ovarian Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Middle Aged
Medisan ; 21(2)feb. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841662


Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 10 años de edad, quien asistió al puesto médico de Santa Johana, municipio de Itamarandiba, estado brasileño de Minas Gerais, acompañado de su madre, por presentar dolor abdominal de tipo cólico, con deposiciones diarreicas mezcladas con sangre y falta de apetito, además ligera palidez cutaneomucosa, lo cual se correspondían con una esquistosomiasis mansónica. Se le realizaron los exámenes pertinentes y se le indicó el tratamiento oportuno, de manera que el niño evolucionó favorablemente

The case report of a 10 years patient is presented who attended Santa Johana doctor´s office, Itamarandiba municipality, Minas Gerais Brazilian state, accompanied by his mother, due to abdominal pain of colic type, with diarrhea mixed with blood and loss of appetite, also a light mucouscutaneous paleness, which corresponded to a schistosomiasis mansoni. The pertinent exams were carried out and the appropriate treatment was indicated, so that the boy had a favorable clinical course

Humans , Male , Child , Water Pollution , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/therapy , Brazil/ethnology
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(1): 94-95, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991232


A 62-year-old Brazilian man who lived in endemic areas of tropical diseases had an episode of hematemesis associated with portal hypertension. He used to swim in natural ponds during childhood and developed the hepatosplenic form of schistossomiasis with moderate ascites, in addition to the characteristic features of abdominal Caput Medusae. The aim of the report is highlight the role of chronic liver disease and schistossomiasis

Un hombre natural de Brasil de 62 años de edad que vivía en zonas endémicas de enfermedades tropicales presentó un episodio de hematemesis asociada con hipertensión portal. Frecuentemente se bañaba en los estanques naturales durante la infancia y desarrolló la forma hepatosplénica de la esquistosomiasis con ascitis moderada, además de los rasgos abdominales característicos de la Cabeza de Medusa. El objetivo del informe es poner de relieve el papel de la enfermedad hepática crónica y de la esquistosomiasis

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/parasitology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Hypertension, Portal/diagnosis , Hypertension, Portal/parasitology
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 29(3): 84-91, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-789846


Introdução: A esquistossomose, parasitose tropical, pode provocar hipertensão pulmonar grave (HAPE), que leva a remodelamento e disfunção do ventrículo direito (VD), que pode ser detectada pela diminuição da excursão sistólica do anel tricúspide (TAPSE) e da variação de áreas do VD. No VD normal, rico em fibras longitudinais, predomina o strain longitudinal, sendo menor o strain transversal. Objetivo: Avaliar, com ecocardiografia convencional e com strain bidimensional do VD, pacientes portadores de HAPE, comparando os resultados com dados clínicos, hemodinâmicos e com parâmetros ecocardiográficos obtidos em controles sadios. Material: Trinta e dois pacientes com HAPE, média etária de 45 ± 12 anos. Vinte e três controles sadios, média etária de 48 ± 18 anos.Métodos: Foram avaliados os parâmetros de função do VD (variação de áreas e TAPSE) e o gradiente de refluxo tricúspide. Foi determinado o strain longitudinal e transversal do VD em pacientes com HAPE e em controles sadios. Resultados: Entre os pacientes com HAPE e os controles sadios, a variação das áreas foi, respectivamente, 28% e 46% (p = 0,0001), o TAPSE, 1,9 cm e 2,2 cm (p = 0,02); gradiente de regurgitação tricúspide, 76 mmHg e 28 mmHg (p = 0,0001); deformação longitudinal da parede lateral do VD -22% e -37% (p = 0,0001); e deformação transversal 39% e 21% (p = 0,001). Conclusão: Pacientes com HAPE modificaram o padrão de deformação do VD, com aumento do strain transversal, provavelmente por adaptação do VD à sobrecarga pressórica. O ecocardiograma convencional também foi útil paraavaliar a função do VD na HAPE.

Introduction: Schistosomiasis is a tropical parasitic disease may cause severe pulmonary hypertension (SIPH), which leads to right ventricular (RV) remodeling and dysfunction, which can be detected by decreased tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and variation of RV areas. In normal RV, rich in longitudinal fibers, longitudinal strain prevails, and transverse strain is smaller. Objective: To assess, using conventional echocardiography and two-dimensional RV strain, patients with SIPH, comparing the results with clinical and hemodynamic data and echocardiographic parameters obtained from healthy controls. Material: Thirty-two patients with SIPH, mean age 45 ± 12 years old. Twenty-three healthy controls, mean age 48 ± 18 years old. Methods: RV function parameters (range of areas and TAPSE) and the tricuspid regurgitation gradient were evaluated. Longitudinal and transverse RV strain RV were determined in patients with SIPH and in healthy controls. Results: Among SIPH patients and healthy controls, the variation of areas was 28% and 46%, respectively (p = 0.0001), TAPSE was 1.9 cm and 2.2 cm (p = 0.02); tricuspid regurgitation gradient was 76 mmHg and 28 mmHg (p = 0.0001); RV sidewall longitudinal strain -22% and -37%(p = 0.0001); and transverse strain of 39% and 21% (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Patients with SIPH changed the RV strain pattern with increased transverse strain, probably due to RV adaptation to pressure overload. Conventional echocardiography was also useful to assess RV function in SIPH.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnosis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/therapy , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Patients , Analysis of Variance , Heart Atria , Parasitic Diseases/complications , Parasitic Diseases/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Ventricular Remodeling , Heart Ventricles
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 49(3): 341-347, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785789


Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma mansoni, is a public health concern in Brazil. However, the most popular diagnostic method, the Kato-Katz technique, exhibits low sensitivity in low-endemicity areas. We aimed to compare the performance of an immunological assay, the point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA®) test, with that of two parasitological techniques in a low-endemicity population. METHODS: Our study included 141 individuals living in Estreito de Miralta, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Fecal samples were obtained from all participants and analyzed for schistosomiasis using two parasitological techniques: the Kato-Katz technique and the saline gradient technique. Additionally, POC-CCA® strips were utilized for testing urine samples. The results obtained by the different techniques were compared. RESULTS: Analysis of two or 24 slides using the Kato-Katz technique resulted in a positivity rate of 10.6% (15/141) or 19.1% (27/141), respectively. The saline gradient technique yielded a positivity rate of 17.0% (24/141). The prevalence according to both parasitological techniques was 24.1% (34/141). The POC-CCA® test yielded a positivity rate of 22.7% (32/141); however, the positivity rate was merely 2.1% if trace results were considered negative. The agreements observed between POC-CCA® and the parasitological techniques were good (Kappa indexes > 0.64). The POC-CCA® test was more sensitive than the two-slide Kato-Katz technique (p < 0.05) in detecting cases of S. mansoni infection when trace results were considered positive. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reinforce the importance of using multiple diagnostic techniques in low-endemicity areas for effective control of disease.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Feces/parasitology , Antigens, Helminth/urine , Parasite Egg Count , Sensitivity and Specificity , Point-of-Care Systems , Middle Aged
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(4): 501-503, July-Aug. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755977



Despite its infrequent occurrence, testicular schistosomiasis forming pseudo-tumors can be considered in the differential diagnosis of testicular tumors, especially in areas where the parasitic disease is endemic. In this report, we present a case of testicular schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni and mimicking a testicular neoplasm. We describe the patterns of a testicular nodule on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance images in a 46-year-old man. The nodule was removed after a pre-operative diagnosis of a non-malignant lesion. Histology demonstrated granulomas with epithelioid macrophages and eosinophils around S. mansoni eggs within a fibrous tissue that formed a nodular structure.


Animals , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Testicular Diseases/parasitology , Chronic Disease , Diagnosis, Differential , Testicular Diseases/diagnosis , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnosis
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 74(2): 63-67, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744626


Purpose: To evaluate the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients with the hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni using optical coherence tomography. Methods: It was performed a observational, analytic, cross-sectional study. The group of patients enrolled 24 individuals (13 females and 11 males), aged from 27 to 73 years (55.7±11.6 years). In the control group were included 22 subjects (12 females and 10 males) aged from 31 to 77 years (55.4±16.5 years). Of the 92 eyes evaluated, three were excluded because they have opaque media, which made impossible to perform the test. All participants underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination and measurement of the retinal nerve fiber layer using optical coherence tomography. Results: The mean thickness of retinal nerve fiber layer was 98.1±15.2µm in the studied group and 114.2±10.0 µm in the control group (p<0.001). Conclusions: There was a significant decrease in the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in all quadrants in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.

Objetivo: Avaliar a espessura da camada de fibras nervosas da retina em portadores de esquistossomose mansônica na forma hepatoesplênica utilizando a tomografia de coerência óptica. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo observacional, analítico, de corte transversal. O grupo de doentes foi composto por 24 indivíduos (13 femininos e 11 masculinos), com idades variando entre 27 e 73 anos (55,7±11,6 anos). No grupo controle foram incluídos 22 indivíduos (12 femininos e 10 masculinos) com idades entre 31 e 77 anos (55,4±16,5 anos). Dos 92 olhos avaliados, três foram excluídos por apresentarem opacidade de meios que impossibilitaram o exame. Todos os participantes foram submetidos ao exame oftalmológico completo e medida da camada de fibras nervosas da retina pela tomografia de coerência óptica. Resultados: A média das espessuras da camada de fibras nervosas da retina foi de 98,1±15,2μm no grupo de estudo e 114,2±10,0 μm no grupo controle (p<0,001). Conclusão: Observou-se diminuição significante da espessura da camada de fibras nervosas da retina, em todos os quadrantes, nos pacientes com esquistossomose mansônica na forma hepatoesplênica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Nerve Fibers , Retina/anatomy & histology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study