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Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971018


The purpose of this study was to analyze the value of transrectal shear-wave elastography (SWE) in combination with multivariable tools for predicting adverse pathological features before radical prostatectomy (RP). Preoperative clinicopathological variables, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) manifestations, and the maximum elastic value of the prostate (Emax) on SWE were retrospectively collected. The accuracy of SWE for predicting adverse pathological features was evaluated based on postoperative pathology, and parameters with statistical significance were selected. The diagnostic performance of various models, including preoperative clinicopathological variables (model 1), preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI (model 2), and preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI + SWE (model 3), was evaluated with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Emax was significantly higher in prostate cancer with extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) with both P < 0.001. The optimal cutoff Emax values for ECE and SVI were 60.45 kPa and 81.55 kPa, respectively. Inclusion of mp-MRI and SWE improved discrimination by clinical models for ECE (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.031; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.002; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.018) and SVI (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.147; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.037; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.134). SWE is valuable for identifying patients at high risk of adverse pathology.

Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Extranodal Extension/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 688-696, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954075


ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of preoperative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) as a predictor of extracapsular extension (ECE) and unfavorable Gleason score (GS) in patients with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). Materials and Methods: Patients with clinically localized PCa who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) and had preoperative mp-MRI between May-2011 and December-2013. Mp-MRI was evaluated according to the European Society of Urogenital Radiology MRI prostate guidelines by two different readers. Histopathological RP results were the standard reference. Results: 79 patients were included; mean age was 61 and median preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 7.0. On MRI, 28% patients had ECE evidenced in the mp-MRI, 5% seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) and 4% lymph node involvement (LNI). At RP, 39.2% had ECE, 26.6% SVI and 12.8% LNI. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of mp-MRI for ECE were 54.9%, 90.9%, 76%, 81% and 74.1% respectively; for SVI values were 19.1%, 100%, 77.3%, 100% and 76.1% respectively and for LNI 20%, 98.4%, 86.7%, 66.7% and 88.7%. Conclusions: Major surgical decisions are made with digital rectal exam (DRE) and ultrasound studies before the use of Mp-MRI. This imaging study contributes to rule out gross extraprostatic extension (ECE, SVI, LNI) without competing with pathological studies. The specificity and NPV are reasonable to decide surgical approach. A highly experienced radiology team is needed to provide accurate estimations of tumor extension and aggressiveness.

Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Seminal Vesicles/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Risk Assessment/methods , Neoplasm Grading , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 86-94, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892945


ABSTRACT Purpose Congenital and acquired pathologies of the seminal vesicles (SV) are rare diseases. The diagnosis of SV anomalies is frequently delayed or wrong due to the rarity of these diseases and the lack of adequate evaluation of SV pathology. For this reason, we aimed to comprehensively evaluate SV pathologies and accompanying genitourinary system abnormalities. Materials and Methods Between March 2012 and December 2015, 1455 male patients with different provisional diagnosis underwent MRI. Congenital and acquired pathology of the SV was identified in 42 of these patients. The patients were categorized according to their SV pathologies. The patients were analyzed in terms of genitourinary system findings associated with SV pathologies. Results SV pathologies were accompanied by other genitourinary system findings. Congenital SV pathologies were bilateral or predominantly in the left SV. Patients with bilateral SV hypoplasia were diagnosed at an earlier age compared to patients with unilateral SV agenesis. There was a significant association between abnormal signal intensity in the SV and benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) and patient age. Conclusion SV pathologies are rare diseases of the genitourinary system. The association between seminal vesicle pathology and other genitourinary system diseases requires complete genitourinary system evaluation that includes the seminal vesicles.

Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Seminal Vesicles/abnormalities , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Urologic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Seminal Vesicles/pathology , Urologic Diseases/pathology , Congenital Abnormalities/pathology , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged