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1.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 31(113): 11-18, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1527280

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transver-sal retrospectivo de las gestantes con nuevo diagnóstico de sífilis atendidas en el Hospital Materno Infantil de San Isidro "Dr. Carlos Gianantonio" durante los años pandé-micos 2020-2021. Se asistieron 108 gestantes con sífilis: 69 en 2020 y 39 en 2021. El tratamiento de aquellas que finalizaron el embarazo al momento de realizar este estu-dio (n=95) fue adecuado en el 78% (74) de los casos, en el 16,8% (16) fue inadecuado y el 5,2 % (5) perdió el segui-miento. El 11% presentó reinfección durante el embarazo. Con respecto a las parejas (n=103), el 84,6% (88) tenía una relación estable; se testeó al 70% (73) de las parejas, de las cuales el 45% (33) tenía VDRL positiva y se trató al 88% (29). Los resultados del estudio no muestran diferencias significativas en los indicadores evaluados (tratamiento adecuado y reinfección de la gestante y testeo/tratamien-to de la pareja) al comparar los períodos prepandémico (2018-2019) vs. pandémico (2020-2021)


A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive observational study of pregnant women with a new diagnosis of syphilis treated at the San Isidro Maternity Hospital during the 2020-2021 pandemic years was carried out. 108 pregnant women with syphilis were assisted: 69 in 2020 and 39 in 2021. The treatment of those who ended their pregnancy at the time of this study (n=95) was adequate in 78% (74) of the cases, 16,8% (16) were inadequate and 5.2% (5) lost follow-up. 11% presented reinfection during pregnancy. Regarding the couples (n=103), 84.6% (88) had a stable relationship, 70% (73) of the couples were tested, of which 45% (33) had positive vdrl and were treated 88% (29). The results of the study do not show significant differences in the indicators evaluated (adequate treatment and reinfection of the pregnant woman and testing/treatment of the partner) when comparing the pre-pandemic (2018-2019) vs. pandemic (2020-2021) periods


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Syphilis/prevention & control , Pregnant Women , Reinfection , COVID-19 , Sexual Partners
2.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452105

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Congenital syphilis is a highly preventable infectious disease. The relevance of the partner in the transmission of the disease is undeniable, and the underestimation of its treatment is a great risk with serious fetal consequences. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the partner's contribution to the inadequate treatment of pregnant women and the incidence of cases of congenital syphilis in Sergipe between 2005 and 2022. Methods: A cross-sectional, retrospective, and descriptive study was carried out through the collection of reported cases of congenital syphilis from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). Results: There was a considerable increase in the number of reported cases of congenital syphilis in Sergipe in the past 17 years, with a predominance of untreated partners (61.5%) over treated ones (14.9%), excluding the 23.6% who had this information ignored. The variations presented from 2018 onwards stand out, resulting from the softening implemented in the notification of partner data, with an average of 23.7% of ignored information. Consequently, the diagnosis of recent congenital syphilis was found in 83.7% of newborns whose parents were not treated, in addition to 50% of cases of late infection and the vast majority of cases of stillbirths/abortion (92.6%) and deaths from the disease (78.8%). Furthermore, the non-inclusion of the partner in prenatal care (83%) contributed mainly to delays in the diagnosis of maternal syphilis, with 90.1% during delivery/curettage, 76.7% after delivery, and 77.2% of them not even identified with the disease. Conclusion: In addition to the increase in cases of congenital syphilis, there was a predominance of untreated partners, coinciding with changes in the notification criteria in 2018, which contributed to most cases of delay in maternal diagnosis, reinfection, and vertical transmission. Thus, the partner's approach is essential to guarantee the treatment and interruption of the transmission of the disease


Introdução: A sífilis congênita é uma doença infectocontagiosa altamente prevenível. A relevância do parceiro na transmissão da doença é inegável, sendo a subestimação do seu tratamento um grande risco, com graves consequências fetais. Objetivo: Analisar a contribuição do parceiro na inadequação do tratamento da gestante e na incidência dos casos de sífilis congênita em Sergipe entre 2005 e 2022. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal, retrospectivo e descritivo, através da coleta de casos notificados de sífilis congênita do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN). Resultados: Observou-se um aumento considerável do número de casos notificados de sífilis congênita em Sergipe nos últimos 17 anos, com o predomínio de parceiros não tratados (61,5%) em relação aos tratados (14,9%), descontando-se os 23,6% que tiveram essa informação ignorada. Destacam-se as variações apresentadas a partir de 2018, decorrentes da amenização implementada na notificação dos dados do parceiro, com uma média de 23,7% de informações ignoradas. Consequentemente, o diagnóstico de sífilis congênita recente foi encontrado em 83,7% dos recém-nascidos cujos pais não foram tratados, além de 50% dos casos de infecção tardia e a maioria dos casos de natimortos/aborto (92,6%) e óbitos pelo agravo (78,8%). Outrossim, a não inclusão do parceiro na assistência pré-natal (83%) contribuiu majoritariamente nos atrasos no diagnóstico da sífilis materna, sendo 90,1% no parto/curetagem, 76,7% após o parto, além de 77,2% delas que nem mesmo foram identificadas com a doença. Conclusão: Além do aumento de casos de sífilis congênita, houve predomínio de parceiros não tratados, coincidindo com as mudanças nos critérios de notificação em 2018, o que contribuiu para a maioria dos casos de atraso no diagnóstico materno, reinfecção e transmissão vertical. Assim, a abordagem do parceiro é imprescindível para garantia do tratamento e da interrupção da transmissão da doença


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , Sexual Partners , Syphilis, Congenital/transmission , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 912-916, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the population size of transgender women (TGW) in Tianjin and analyze the characteristics of their sexual behaviors to provide a basis for AIDS prevention and control. Methods: To estimate the population size of TGW in Tianjin using the capture-recapture method. At the same time, an anonymous questionnaire was collected to conduct a multi-factor logistic analysis of the TGW population's sexual behavior. Results: A total of 213 TGW were investigated. Tianjin's estimated TGW population size was 599 (95%CI: 407-792). Multivariate logistic analysis of the use of condoms consistently showed that compared with TGW without regular sex partners, those with regular sex partners had a lower proportion of consistent condom use (aOR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.23-0.82) and had received HIV tests in the last year were more likely to adhere to condom use than those who had not been tested (aOR=2.73, 95%CI: 1.06-6.99). Conclusion: It is necessary to strengthen HIV mobilization testing among the TGW population and their regular sexual partners to improve condom use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Population Density , Transgender Persons , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , HIV Infections/prevention & control
4.
Rwanda j. med. health sci. (Online) ; 6(1): 53-60, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1518123

ABSTRACT

Introduction Partner notification is among strategies adopted by WHO to identify people at risk of HIV infection among sexual partners with people living with HIV to achieve the 90-90-90 target. There is still a gap in Sub-Saharan Africa. Objective To assess the determinants of partner notification among people infected with HIV in Bushenge hospital. Methods An unmatched case control study was conducted, 141 people who successfully notified their sexual partners as controls and 141 who did not as cases were selected to identify the factors associated with partner notification. Data were analyzed with Stata V13. Results Most cases were female 81(58%); 91(64.5%) of cases and 97(68.8.5%) of controls were in couple, 40(28.8%)of cases and 67(48%) of controls had multiple partner. Thirty-five 35(25%) of cases and 51(36%) of controls were newly diagnosed; 73(74%) of cases and 78(86.6%) suppressed the viral load. Notification approach was associated with partner notification, aOR = 9, CI[2.8, 29]. Conclusion Partner notification as one of the strategies to reach the first 90 requires more efficient and effective efforts. Different initiatives are needed especially in partner notification approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sexual Partners , HIV Infections , Contact Tracing , Health Strategies , Disease Transmission, Infectious
5.
Barbarói ; (61): 175-198, jan.-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1397450

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visou detectar o nível de autoestima, conservadorismo e liberalismo sexual dos participantes, bem como coletar informações sobre o uso dos aplicativos de relacionamento no brasil. participaram da pesquisa 210 universitários matriculados em diferentes cursos de uma mesma instituição de ensino respondendo a um questionário presencial. obteve-se o resultado de que o nível de autoestima é semelhante entre os sexos, no entanto, os homens no geral pontuaram mais no quesito liberalismo sexual, sendo mais irrestritos sexualmente e propensos a se envolverem em sexo casual a partir dos aplicativos de relacionamento do que as mulheres que se mostraram mais conservadoras. o liberalismo sexual masculino foi associado ao sentimento de vazio quando relacionado às relações virtuais. conclui-se que o assunto pode ter relação com políticas de prevenção de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis.(AU)


The present study aimed to detect the self-esteem level, conservatism and sexual liberalism of the participants, also to collect information about the use of relationship applications in brazil. 210 university students, enrolled in different courses of the same teaching institution, participated in the research, responding a face-to-face questionnaire. the result was that the level of self-esteem is similar between the genders; however, men in general scored more on the question of sexual liberalism, being more sexually unrestrained and likely to engage in casual sex from the relationship applications than women who have shown themselves to be more conservative. male sexual liberalism was associated with the feeling of emptiness when related to virtual relationships. it is concluded that the subject may be related to policies for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.(AU)


El presente estudio apunta a detectar el nivel de autoestima, conservadurismo y liberalismo sexual de los participantes y recoger informaciones sobre el uso de las aplicaciones de relación en brasil. participaron de la encuesta 210 universitarios matriculados en diferentes cursos de una misma institución de enseñanza respondiendo a un cuestionario presencial. se obtuvo el resultado acorde al que propone que el nivel de autoestima es similar entre los sexos, sin embargo, los hombres en general puntualizaron más en el aspecto liberalismo sexual, siendo más irrestrictos sexualmente y propensos a involucrarse en el sexo casual a partir de las aplicaciones de relación que las mujeres que se mostraron más conservadoras. El liberalismo sexual masculino se asoció al sentimiento de vacío cuando se relacionó con las relaciones virtuales. Se concluye que por ser más liberales sexualmente, los hombres son más propensos a contraer una enfermedad de transmisión sexual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Online Social Networking , Mobile Applications
6.
Cogit. Enferm. (Online) ; 27: e78904, Curitiba: UFPR, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384642

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: desvelar a permanência de mulheres em um cotidiano conjugal violento. Método: estudo qualitativo, fundamentado no método da História Oral, realizado com 29 mulheres vítimas de violência conjugal acompanhadas por uma Vara de Violência Doméstica e Familiar contra a Mulher de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados entre setembro e dezembro de 2020 por meio de entrevistas individuais e analisados à luz da Teoria do Cotidiano. Resultados: a história oral das mulheres aponta para a não percepção da situação de abuso no início da relação, revela a crença na possibilidade de controlar os episódios de violência e o comprometimento da saúde psicoemocional. Soma-se a isso a expectativa pela mudança de postura do parceiro no cotidiano conjugal. Conclusão: as narrativas desvelam a complexidade envolvida na repetição da vida cotidiana, o que faz com que muitas mulheres, mesmo já se reconhecendo em vivência de violência, não consigam romper o relacionamento.


ABSTRACT Objective: to unveil the reasons why women stay in marital relationships marked by violence. Method: a qualitative study, grounded on the Oral History method, carried out with 29 women victims of marital violence monitored by a Court of Domestic and Family Violence against Women in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The data were collected between September and December 2020 through individual interviews and analyzed in the light of the Theory of Everyday Life. Results: the women's Oral History points to non-perception of the abuse situation at the beginning of the relationship and reveals the belief in the possibility of controlling the episodes of violence and the impairment of psycho-emotional health. The expectation that the partner will change his position in marital everyday life is added to this. Conclusion: the narratives unveil the complexity involved in the repetition of everyday life, which means that many women, even though they already recognize themselves as experiencing violence, are unable to break the relationship.


RESUMEN Objetivo: revelar los motivos por los cuales las mujeres permanecen en situaciones de vida diaria conyugal marcadas por la violencia. Método: estudio cualitativo, fundamentado en el método de la Historia Oral y realizado con 29 mujeres víctimas de violencia conyugal con causas a cargo de un Juzgado de Violencia Doméstica y Familiar contra la Mujer en Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. Los datos se recolectaron entre septiembre y diciembre de 2020 por medio de entrevistas individuales y se los analizó a la luz de la Teoría de la Vida Cotidiana. Resultados: la historia oral de las mujeres apunta a la no percepción de la situación de abuso al inicio de la relación y revela que creen en la posibilidad de controlar los episodios de violencia y el deterioro de la salud psicoemocional. A lo anterior se suma la expectativa de que la pareja cambie de postura en la vida diaria conyugal. Conclusión: los relatos revelan la complejidad involucrada en la repetición de lo cotidiano, lo que hace que muchas mujeres, aunque ya se reconozcan como víctimas de violencia, sean incapaces de desvincularse de la relación.


Subject(s)
Sexual Partners , Violence Against Women
7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(4): PT155821, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374811

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o conhecimento e práticas de risco à infecção pelo HIV na amostra total de cada município, entre homens de 15 a 24 anos que vivem sem companheiro(a), e homens que fizeram sexo com homems (HSH) pelo menos uma vez na vida em três cidades brasileiras. Foi realizado estudo de corte transversal de base domiciliar com amostragem por conglomerados em três estágios (setores censitários, domicílios, indivíduos), com estratificação por sexo, faixa etária (15-24; 25-34; 35-44; 45-59) e vive com companheiro(a) na seleção do indivíduo. Estimaram-se proporções e intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%) de indicadores de conhecimento, testagem do HIV, comportamento sexual e autoavaliação do risco. Foram analisados 5.764 indivíduos em Campo Grande, 3.745 em Curitiba e 3.900 em Florianópolis. Baixo nível de conhecimento foi encontrado para os métodos de prevenção, sobretudo para profilaxia pré-exposição (PrEP). Práticas de sexo desprotegido foram frequentes nos três municípios. As proporções de teste de HIV na vida foram 57,2% (IC95%: 55,1-59,2) em Curitiba, 64,3% (IC95%: 62,7-66,0) em Campo Grande, e 65,9% (IC95%: 64,0-67,7) em Florianópolis. Entre homens de 15-24 anos, proporções de uso de drogas estimulantes e práticas sexuais desprotegidas foram mais altas que nos demais grupos etários. Entre os HSH, as proporções de teste de HIV na vida foram superiores a 80%. Mais de 30% foram parceiros receptivos no sexo anal sem uso de preservativo, e menos de 5% avaliam seu risco como alto. É preciso adotar estratégias de comunicação mais eficazes sobre a prevenção da infecção do HIV, incluindo a ampliação de conhecimentos que poderiam motivar práticas sexuais mais seguras.


El objetivo fue describir el conocimiento y prácticas de riesgo para la infección por el HIV en la muestra total de cada municipio, entre hombres de 15 a 24 años que viven sin compañero(a), y hombres que practicaron sexo con hombres (HSH) por lo menos una vez en la vida en tres ciudades brasileñas. Se trata de un estudio de corte transversal con base domiciliaria, con una muestra por conglomerados en tres fases (sectores censales, domicilios, individuos), con estratificación por sexo, franja de edad (15-24; 25-34; 35-44; 45-59) y vive con compañero(a) en la selección del individuo. Se estimaron las proporciones e intervalos de 95% de confianza (IC95%) de indicadores de conocimiento, testeo del VIH, comportamiento sexual y autoevaluación del riesgo. Se analizaron a 5.764 individuos en Campo Grande, 3.745 en Curitiba y 3.900 en Florianópolis. Se encontró un bajo nivel de conocimiento respecto a los métodos de prevención, sobre todo para PrEP. Fueron frecuentes las prácticas de sexo desprotegido en los tres municipios. Las proporciones de tests de VIH en la vida fueron 57,2% (IC95%: 55,1-59,2) en Curitiba, 64,3% (IC95%: 62,7-66,0) en Campo Grande, y 65,9% (IC95%: 64,0-67,7) en Florianópolis. Entre hombres de 15-24 años, las proporciones de uso de drogas estimulantes y prácticas sexuales desprotegidas fueron más altas que en los demás grupos de edad. Entre los HSH, las proporciones de test de VIH en la vida fueron superiores a 80%. Más de un 30% fueron parejas receptivas en el sexo anal, sin uso de preservativo, y menos de un 5% evalúan su riesgo como alto. Es necesario adoptar estrategias de comunicación más eficaces sobre la prevención de la infección contra el VIH, incluyendo la ampliación de conocimientos que podrían motivar prácticas sexuales más seguras.


The study aimed to describe knowledge and risk practices related to HIV infection in three Brazilian cities in the general population, men 15 to 24 years of age living without a partner, and men that reported sex with other men (MSM) at least once in life. This was a cross-sectional household-based study with three-stage cluster sampling (census tracts, households, individuals) stratified by sex, age group (15-24; 25-34; 35-44; 45-59), and conjugal status in the individual selection. We estimated the proportions and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of indicators of knowledge, HIV testing, sexual behavior, and self-rated risk. We analyzed 5,764 individuals in Campo Grande, 3,745 in Curitiba, and 3,900 in Florianópolis. Low levels of knowledge were found for preventive methods, especially PrEP. Unprotected sex practices were frequent in the three municipalities. Lifetime HIV test rates were 57.2% (95%CI: 55.1-59.2) in Curitiba, 64.3% (95%CI: 62.7-66.0) in Campo Grande, and 65.9% (95%CI: 64.0-67.7) in Florianópolis. Among men 15-24 years of age, the proportions of stimulant drug use and unprotected sexual practices were higher than in the other age groups. Lifetime HIV test rates exceeded 80% in MSM. More than 30% of MSM were receptive partners in anal sex without condoms, and fewer than 5% assessed their risk as high. More effective communication strategies are needed on prevention of HIV infection, including increased knowledge that could motivate safer sexual practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior , Brazil/epidemiology , Sexual Partners , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cities/epidemiology , Condoms , Homosexuality, Male
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30(spe): e3697, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1409639

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: identificar e analisar os fatores de risco à infecção pelo HIV entre adolescentes e jovens. Método: trata-se de uma revisão sistemática que teve como questão norteadora: quais são os fatores de risco à infecção pelo HIV entre adolescentes e jovens?". As buscas em cinco bases de dados e no Google Scholar ocorreram em dezembro de 2021, tendo como filtro publicações entre 2012-2022 sem limitação de idiomas. As publicações foram selecionadas por dois revisores independentes. Os materiais incluídos foram submetidos à avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a uma síntese narrativa. Resultados: recuperou-se 26.191 materiais, sendo sete artigos incluídos. Todos os estudos foram conduzidos na África. Identificou-se que o sexo feminino, a maior idade dos jovens, baixa escolaridade, pessoas negras, múltiplas parcerias sexuais, uso inconsistente de preservativos, consumo de álcool e início sexual precoce constituíram fatores de risco para a infecção pelo HIV em adolescentes e jovens. Conclusão: a compreensão dos fatores de risco alicerça a propositura de políticas de saúde e estratégias de intervenção com a finalidade de fortalecer a capacidade de resposta dos serviços de saúde e o cuidado da equipe de enfermagem para a diminuição da transmissão do HIV entre adolescentes e jovens.


Abstract Objective: to identify and analyze HIV infection risk factors among adolescents and the youth. Method: this is a systematic review whose guide question is: what are the risk factors for HIV infection among adolescents and the youth?" In total, five databases and Google Scholar were searched in December 2021 and the found publications between 2012-2022 were filtered without language restriction. Studies were selected by two independent reviewers. The included materials were subjected to methodological quality evaluation and narrative synthesis. Results: overall, we included seven studies out of the 26,191 retrieved. All studies were conducted in Africa. We found that the female gender, older age, low schooling, Black ethnicity, multiple sexual partners, inconsistent use of condoms, alcohol consumption, and early sexual onset constituted risk factors for HIV infection in adolescents and the youth. Conclusion: understanding risk factors underscores the provision of health policies and intervention strategies to strengthen the responsiveness of health services and nursing teams' care to reduce HIV transmission among adolescents and the youth.


Resumen Objetivo: identificar y analizar los factores de riesgo de infección por VIH entre adolescentes y jóvenes. Método: se trata de una revisión sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora: "¿Cuáles son los factores de riesgo a la infección por el VIH entre adolescentes y jóvenes?". Las búsquedas en cinco bases de datos y en Google Scholar ocurrieron en diciembre de 2021, teniendo como filtro de publicaciones entre 2012-2022 sin limitación de idiomas. Las publicaciones fueron seleccionadas por dos revisores independientes. Los materiales incluidos fueron sometidos a la evaluación de la calidad metodológica y a una síntesis narrativa. Resultados: se recuperaron 26.191 materiales, siendo siete artículos incluidos. Todos los estudios se realizaron en África. Se identificó que el sexo femenino, la mayor edad de los jóvenes, baja escolaridad, personas negras, múltiples parejas sexuales, el uso inconsistente de preservativos, consumo de alcohol y el inicio temprano de las relaciones sexuales eran factores de riesgo de infección por el VIH en adolescentes y jóvenes. Conclusión: la comprensión de los factores de riesgo fundamenta la proposición de políticas de salud y estrategias de intervención con la finalidad de fortalecer la capacidad de respuesta de los servicios de salud y el cuidado del equipo de enfermería para la disminución de la transmisión del VIH entre adolescentes y jóvenes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , HIV Infections/prevention & control , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Condoms
9.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (38): e22205, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410184

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo analisa as tensões e disputas entre poliamoristas e RLis (Relações Livres), as duas principais identidades não-monogâmicas no Brasil, nos anos 2000-2010, e aquelas responsáveis pela construção de uma militância em torno da multiplicidade afetiva e sexual. Que distinções e hierarquias são mobilizadas a partir de suas interações? É possível e desejável para ambos a consolidação de uma política identitária que subtraia ou invisibilize as suas diferenças em prol da categoria "não-monogamia"? A pesquisa foi realizada com base na análise de publicações em sites e grupos em redes sociais dedicados ao tema, além de entrevistas em profundidade e da participação em eventos não-monogâmicos. Apesar de aliados no combate à norma monogâmica, RLis e poliamoristas disputam a hegemonia do movimento não-monogâmico, divergindo em torno dos princípios que devem nortear os relacionamentos afetivo-sexuais.


Resumen Este artículo analiza las tensiones y disputas entre poliamorosos y RLis (Relações Livres), las dos principales identidades no monógamas en Brasil y las responsables del surgimiento de militancias en torno a la legitimación de la multiplicidad afectiva y sexual en los años 2000-2010. ¿Qué distinciones y jerarquías se movilizan a partir de sus interacciones? ¿Es posible y deseable que ambos consoliden una política identitaria que renuncie o invisibilice sus diferencias a favor de la categoría "no monogamia"? La investigación se realizó a partir del análisis de publicaciones en páginas web y grupos en redes sociales dedicados al tema, además de entrevistas en profundidad y participación en eventos no monógamos. Si bien se ven como aliados en la lucha contra la norma monógama, RLis y poliamorosos se disputan la hegemonía y el control del movimiento no monógamo, divergiendo en torno a los principios que deben guiar las relaciones afectivo-sexuales.


Abstract This article aims to analyze the tensions and disputes between polyamorists and RLis - Relações Livres (Free Relationships), the two main non-monogamous identities in Brazil, responsible for the rise of militancy around the legitimation of sexual-affective multiplicity in the years 2000-2010. What distinctions and hierarchies are mobilized from their interactions? Is it possible and desirable for them to consolidate an identity politics that subtracts or disguises their differences in favor of the "non-monogamy" category? The research was conducted on websites and groups in social media dedicated to the theme, in addition to in-depth interviews and participation in non-monogamous events. Even if they see themselves as allies in the struggle against compulsory monogamy, RLis and polyamorists disputed hegemony and control of the non-monogamous movement, diverging around the principles that should guide affective-sexual relationships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Spouses , Political Activism , Interpersonal Relations , Love , Brazil
10.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 1-11, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390009

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the risky sexual behaviors of Brazilian adults according to socioeconomic, demographic, and regional characteristics. METHODS Data from the 2019 National Health Survey, referring to the population aged 18 years or older, were analyzed. Risky sexual behaviors were considered: early sexual initiation, before the age of 15 years, and nonuse of condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Prevalence and respective confidence intervals were calculated for the subgroups of interest. RESULTS Early sexual initiation among adult individuals was 24% among men and 11% among women, being higher among young people with lower levels of education and household income. The nonuse of condoms was higher among married/cohabiting partners, no schooling or with some elementary school, and among older people. The prevalence of nonuse of condoms among married/cohabiting partners was the same in both sexes (75%). However, among non-cohabiting partners, gender disparity was relevant, as 39.1% of women did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse, while among men this result was 26.9%. CONCLUSIONS Higher prevalence of early sexual initiation for younger generations is noteworthy, especially among women. Concerning the nonuse of condoms, there are important gender disparities in the group of non-cohabiting partners, in addition to the high prevalence among older people, which should be considered in the formulation of public policies. The results of the present study are extremely relevant for understanding the adult population currently more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections, after over five years without official statistics on this matter at the national level.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever os comportamentos sexuais de risco dos adultos brasileiros segundo características socioeconômicas, demográficas e regionais. MÉTODOS Foram analisados dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2019, referente à população de 18 anos de idade ou mais. Considerou-se como comportamentos sexuais de risco: a iniciação sexual precoce, antes dos 15 anos, e o não uso de preservativo na última relação sexual. Foram calculadas as prevalências e respectivos intervalos de confiança para os subgrupos de interesse. RESULTADOS A iniciação sexual precoce entre indivíduos adultos foi de 24% entre os homens e 11% entre as mulheres, sendo mais alta entre jovens com menores níveis de instrução e rendimento domiciliar. O não uso de preservativo se mostrou maior entre os casados/coabitantes, sem instrução ou com nível fundamental incompleto, e entre os mais velhos. A prevalência do não uso de preservativo entre casados/coabitantes foi igual em ambos os sexos (75%). No entanto, entre os não coabitantes, a disparidade entre os sexos se mostrou relevante uma vez que 39,1% das mulheres não usaram preservativo na última relação sexual, enquanto entre os homens esse resultado foi de 26,9%. CONCLUSÃO Nota-se, especialmente entre as mulheres, maiores prevalências de iniciação sexual precoce para as gerações mais novas. No que se refere ao não uso de preservativo, há disparidades de sexo importantes no grupo dos não coabitantes, além da alta prevalência entre os mais velhos, que devem ser consideradas na elaboração das políticas públicas. Os resultados do presente estudo são extremamente relevantes para compreensão da população adulta atualmente mais vulnerável às infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, após mais de cinco anos sem estatísticas oficiais a respeito em âmbito nacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior , Brazil/epidemiology , Sexual Partners , Condoms
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 525-534, Fev. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356089

ABSTRACT

Resumo O feminicídio se configura como assassinato de mulheres em decorrência das relações desiguais de poder. É uma realidade crescente, que gera agravos e expõe relações de gênero, raça e classe desiguais, que culminam em violência extrema e morte. Objetiva-se analisar três casos de feminicídio por queimaduras ocorridos na cidade de Campinas (SP) durante os anos de 2018-2019. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo que usou o método de autópsia verbal para o levantamento de informações e utilizou narrativas para descrever os casos. Foram discutidas as circunstâncias da morte das mulheres, integrando na discussão os conceitos de feminismos, a representação simbólica do fogo, a interseccionalidae, o patriarcado e suas implicações a partir do olhar da saúde coletiva.


Abstract Feminicide configured as the murder of women due to unequal power relations. It is a growing reality that generates problems and exposes unequal gender, ethnic, and class relationships that culminate in extreme violence and death. This paper analyzes three femicide cases by burning that occurred in Campinas (SP), Brazil, from 2018 to 2019. This is a qualitative study that employed the verbal autopsy method to collect information and narratives to describe the cases. The circumstances of the women's deaths were discussed, integrating in the discussion the concepts of feminism, the symbolic representation of fire, intersectionality, patriarchy, and its implications from the perspective of collective health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Feminism , Homicide , Violence , Brazil , Sexual Partners
12.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210083, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1346056

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo compreender as representações sociais de adolescentes sobre vulnerabilidades e riscos para contrair o HIV/Aids nas relações sexuais. Método estudo de representações sociais, realizado a partir de entrevistas individuais com 15 adolescentes e grupo focal com oito adolescentes de uma escola pública do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados no período de maio a outubro de 2016. Para tratamento dos dados, empregou-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo temática-categorial com o auxílio do Software QSR Nvivo11. Resultados as categorias: riscos de contrair HIV/Aids nas relações sexuais; e dos riscos de contrair HIV/Aids nas relações sexuais às vulnerabilidades abrigam os temas não usar preservativo, ter usado álcool e/ou drogas, ter vários parceiros, ter dificuldades de acesso aos serviços de saúde e de educação sexual nas escolas; e não ter conversas com os pais ou familiares. Conclusão e implicações para a prática compreendeu-se que as representações sociais circulam no imaginário e no ambiente escolar, interferindo na realidade dos adolescentes. Propõe-se priorizar políticas públicas focadas nas dimensões emocionais, afetivas e sociais.


RESUMEN Objetivo comprender las representaciones sociales de adolescentes acerca de las vulnerabilidades y riesgos de contraer el VIH/SIDA en relaciones sexuales. Método estudio de representaciones sociales realizado a partir de entrevistas individuales con 15 adolescentes y un grupo focal con ocho adolescentes de una escuela pública en Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Los datos se recolectaron entre mayo y octubre de 2016. Para el tratamiento de los datos, se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido temático-categórico, con la ayuda del software QSR Nvivo11. Resultados las categorías riesgos de contraer el VIH/SIDA en las relaciones sexuales; y de los riesgos de contraer el VIH/SIDA en las relaciones sexuales a las vulnerabilidades que cubren los temas de no usar condón, haber consumido alcohol y/o drogas, tener varios pares, tener dificultades para acceder a los servicios de salud y de educación sexual en las escuelas; y no tener conversaciones con los padres o miembros de la familia. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica se entendió que las representaciones sociales circulan en el imaginario y en el ámbito escolar, interfiriendo en la realidad de los adolescentes. Se propone priorizar políticas públicas enfocadas en las dimensiones emocionales, afectivas y sociales.


ABSTRACT Objective To understand social representations of adolescents about vulnerabilities and risks of contracting HIV/AIDS in sexual relations. Method Study of social representations, based on individual interviews with 15 adolescents and a focus group with eight adolescents from a public school in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Data were collected from May to October 2016. For the processing of data, the thematic-categorial content analysis technique was used with the aid of the QSR Nvivo11 Software. Results The categories: risks of contracting HIV/AIDS in sexual relations; and from the risks of contracting HIV/AIDS in sexual relations to the vulnerabilities cover the themes of not using condoms, having used alcohol and/or drugs, having several partners, having difficulties in accessing health and sex education services in schools; and not having conversations with parents or family members. Conclusion and implications for practice it was understood that social representations circulate in the imaginary and in the school environment, interfering in the reality of adolescents. It is proposed to prioritize public policies focused on the emotional, affective and social dimensions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Social Perception , HIV Infections/transmission , Coitus , Adolescent Health , Health Vulnerability , Poverty , Sex Education , Alcohol Drinking , Sexual Partners , Condoms , Substance-Related Disorders , Qualitative Research , Unsafe Sex , Family Relations , Health Services Accessibility
13.
African Journal of Reproductive Health ; 26(5): 1-11, May 2022;. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382260

ABSTRACT

Teenage pregnancy puts a heavy cost on the mother and newborn child, family and the wider society. Despite measures taken by the Ghana Health Service to tackle the issue of teenage pregnancy, the phenomenon remains a public health concern that is widespread throughout the country. The study investigated the socio-cultural factors influencing teenage pregnancy in the East Mamprusi Municipality using an exploratory descriptive design. The study was conducted in rural communities in the East Mamprusi Municipality, in the North East Region of Ghana. Eighteen (18) participants were purposively sampled. Data collection was done by face to face interviews using an interview guide. The study found that polygamous families, parents' desire for grandchildren, multiple sexual partners and poverty were reportedly influencing teenage pregnancy in the rural community. The bid to establish close family ties also accounted for early marriages. There is a culture of silence on matters of sexuality in the community. Teenage pregnancy is an observed phenomenon admitted by the participants and teenage girls are at risk of serious health complications. This phenomenon paints a gloomy picture of the girl child education in the municipality. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[5]: 120-130).


Subject(s)
Pregnancy in Adolescence , Rural Population , Residence Characteristics , Infant Health , Poverty , Sexual Partners , Public Health , Mothers
14.
African Health Sciences ; 22(3): 62-71, 2022-10-26. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1401047

ABSTRACT

Background: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) management in sub-Saharan Africa is syndromic but molecular diagnostics provide quicker, sensitive diagnosis and treatment. Effective STD control hinges on identification and treatment of infected persons and sexual partner contact tracing. Objectives: This study assessed feasibility of using the Xpert CT/NG test to identify prevalent Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infections among STD clinic attendees and their sexual partners and tested for antimicrobial resistance for N. gonorrhea. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at 4 outpatient STD clinics in Kampala, Uganda from February 2019 to October 2019. Participants received a syndromic diagnosis, were tested for NG and CT, as well as their sexual partners. Urine (men) and high vaginal swabs (women) were collected, examined using Xpert CT/NG assay. A total of 79 participants were enrolled at baseline of whom 25 had CT/NG. 21 partners of infected baseline participants and 7 partners of the 21 primary partners were enrolled. Results: The mean age of the reported sexual partners was 26 (18-43) years. The prevalence of NG was 25% at baseline and 18 % for CT. Nine (11.4%) people were dually infected. Men were more likely to have NG (p<0.001) at multivariable level. Two participants tested HIV-1 positive. On microbiological culture, 8 samples (2.5%) grew NG, and all were resistant to penicillin, ciprofloxacin. For CT, we found a preponderance of the F-serovar in this population. Conclusion: The most prevalent organism was Neisseria gonorrhea. Generally, the prevalence of CT and NG was high. Infection proportions increased among primary partners, particularly women. Etiologic testing without partner tracing and treatment may underestimate burden of CT/NG in this population and contribute to re-infection


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Microbial , Sexual Partners , Gonorrhea , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Chlamydia trachomatis , Prevalence , Sentinel Surveillance , Pathology, Molecular , Africa South of the Sahara , Information Services
15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 771-779, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939810

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The epidemic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is severe in China. And MSM has now become a key population for the infection and transmission of AIDS. At present, the bottleneck of AIDS prevention and control among MSM population is low rate of continuous condom use and high incidence of unsafe sexual behavior. Inductive summarization of the literature revealed that the most critical reason for low rate of continuous condom use among the MSM population was condom-related stigma. Although many studies mentioned condom-related stigma among MSM populations, there has been no any definition of MSM-related condom stigma and no measurement for it. Therefore, the paper aims to explore barriers to condom use among MSM, then construct the conceptual and operational definition of "MSM-related condom stigma" through Meta synthesis and concept synthesis, and provide a new perspective for AIDS prevention and control among MSM.@*METHODS@#Based on evidence-based method, "PICoS" framework and Meta-synthesis was used to include the literatures. Then, we used synthesized qualitative evidence from included studies to construct the concept and operational definition of MSM-related condom stigma by the means of thematic analysis and concept synthesis.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of the concept synthesis, MSM-related condom stigma refers to any taboos or misbeliefs about condom use or feeling ashamed or embarrassed to talk about using condoms which perceived by individuals at the individual, interpersonal, and social levels.It was demonstrated through 4 sub-themes at operational level: a symbol of distrust, a symbol of HIV/sexual transmitted infections (STIs) prevention, a symbol of an embarrassing topic, and a symbol of violating the traditional cognition of sexual intercourse. According to the Social-ecological Model (SEM), a symbol of distrust refers to that the MSM population believes that not using condoms represents mutual trust between sexual partners, while using condoms is difficult to express intimacy, trust and loyalty between sexual partners. A symbol of HIV/STIs prevention at the interpersonal level refers to that the MSM population believes that condom use is a "symbol" for the prevention or infection of AIDS; on the one hand, if someone proposes to use condoms, he may be considered infected with HIV or have unsafe sex experiences, thus, making it difficult to propose condom use; on the other hand, if they believe that sexual partners are "AIDS free" (often a wrong perception, such as sexual partners may have the risk of AIDS infection although they do not have AIDS), it is considered that condom use is completely unnecessary. The environmental level includes a symbol of an embarrassing topic and a symbol of violating the traditional cognition of sexual intercourse. A symbol of an embarrassing topic refers to the MSM population feels shame about topics related to sexual behavior and is embarrassed to carry/buy/propose condom use or be ashamed to engage in conversations about whether to use condoms during sexual behavior. And a symbol of violating the traditional cognition of sexual intercourse: The MSM population have limitations in their perception of "sex" or "sexual behavior" and believe that real sex (behavior) is unobstructed contact between the bodies and exchange between all body fluids.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The concept of MSM-related condom stigma is proposed for the first time, and its operational definition is given. The concept includes 3 levels and 4 dimensions. It is helpful to understand MSM people's attitude and cognition towards condoms, and adds indicators with cultural sensitivity and behavioral sensitivity to the behavioral intervention for AIDS in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , Coitus , Condoms , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Homosexuality, Male , Sexual Partners , Sexual and Gender Minorities
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 221-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rate and correlates of receiving human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners among men who have sex with men(MSM) aged 50 and above. Methods With a geosocial networking application,we recruited participants through online convenience sampling to collect the demographic variables,behavioral information,receiving HIV serostatus disclosure,etc.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to interpret the associated factors of receiving HIV serostatus disclosure. Results Overall,38.4%(398/1037) of participants received HIV serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners.The multivariable analysis demonstrated that the following populations were less likely to receive HIV serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners:participants with junior high school degree or below(OR=0.660,95%CI=0.473-0.922, P=0.015) compared to those with senior high school degree or above;participants unemployed(OR=0.537,95%CI=0.322-0.896, P=0.017) and employed(OR=0.663,95%CI=0.466-0.944, P=0.022) compared to those retired;participants without knowledge about HIV or acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) compared to those with knowledge about HIV/AIDS(OR=0.636,95%CI=0.466-0.868, P=0.004);participants having ≥2 male sexual partners in the last year(OR=0.433,95%CI=0.320-0.586, P<0.001) compared to those having none or one male sexual partner;participants never been tested for HIV(OR=0.544,95%CI=0.403-0.734, P<0.001) compared to those ever been tested for HIV;participants ever been diagnosed to have sexually transmitted infection(STI)(OR=0.472,95%CI=0.349-0.637, P<0.001) compared to those never diagnosed to have STI;and participants with higher level of HIV stigma(OR=0.742,95%CI=0.604-0.912, P=0.005). Conclusions Our findings indicated that the MSM aged 50 and above had low possibility of receiving HIV serostatus disclosure from the most recent male sexual partners.Education,employment status,number of sexual partners,HIV/AIDS-related knowledge,HIV testing behaviors,STI infection history,and HIV stigma contributed to this result.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Disclosure , HIV , HIV Infections , Homosexuality, Male , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis
17.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 33: 1-9, dez.30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280958

ABSTRACT

Introduction: HPV infection causes cancer at several anatomical sites. However, the infection's natural history in non-cervical sites is understudied. Objective: To evaluate oral and anogenital HPV infections, correlating HPV prevalence rates and genotypes with site of infection and risk factors. Methods: In the present study, 351 samples from oral, genital, and anal sites of 117 patients were investigated by using PCR MY09/11 detection, followed by genotyping with RFLP. Results: HPV DNA prevalence was 89.7% (105/117) in genital lesions, 53.8% (63/117) in oral samples, and 58.9% (69/117) in anal samples. Regarding the risk factors associated with HPV in genital lesions, statistically significant rates for oral (p=0.039) and anal sex practices (p=0.0000012) were found. For oral samples, a relevant correlation concerning oral contraceptive use (p=0.039), tobacco smoking (p=0.036), and alcohol use (p=0.0075) were observed; whereas in anal samples, higher risk for HPV infection in patients who reported non-exclusive sexual partners (p=0.013) were found. The presence of viral DNA in all the three sites concurrently was observed in 36.8% of the cases (43/117). Among them, 18% (21/117) presented concordant HPV genotypes, diverging from the literature, and thus corroborating that there is still much to learn about HPV natural history, since different biological behaviors are expected within different populations. Differences in anatomy and physiology of the studied sites can determine different prevalence rates of infection by diverse genotypes. Conclusion: Due to the high prevalence of HPV DNA in extragenital sites, further studies are required to define aspects of HPV natural history among different human anatomical sites.


Introdução: As infecções causadas pelos papilomavírus humanos (HPV) são responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento de cânceres em diversos sítios anatômicos humanos. Entretanto, a história natural da infecção em sítios que não a cérvice uterina não é muito clara. Objetivo: Avaliar infecções orais, genitais e anais por HPV, correlacionando taxas de prevalência do vírus e seus genótipos aos sítios de infecção e a fatores de risco sócio-demográficos. Métodos: Em nosso estudo, investigamos 351 amostras coletadas dos sítios oral, genital e anal de 117 pacientes, por meio da técnica de PCR MY09/11, seguida de genotipagem por RFLP. Todos os pacientes apresentavam lesões genitais benignas. Resultados: A prevalência do HPV foi de 89,7% (105/117) nas lesões genitais, 53,8% (63/117) nas amostras orais e 58,9% (69/117) nas amostras anais. Em relação aos fatores de risco associados à infecção genital, encontramos diferenças estatísticas significativas para prática de sexo oral (p=0,039) e sexo anal (p=0,0000012). Já para as amostras orais, observamos importante correlação entre infecção e uso de contraceptivo oral (p=0,039), tabagismo (p=0,036) e uso de álcool (p=0,0075) enquanto nas amostras anais, alto risco de infecção pelo HPV foi associado a pacientes relatando parceiros sexuais não exclusivos (p=0,013). A presença do DNA viral simultaneamente nos três sítios estudados foi observada em 36,8% dos casos (43/117). Desses, 18% (21/117) apresentaram genótipos concordantes, diferindo da literatura, na qual há grande disparidade de descrições. Conclusão: Há a necessidade de novos estudos a fim de esclarecer a história natural do HPV em sítios extragenitais em diferentes populações, avaliando características anatômicas e fisiológicas com o intuito de esclarecer diferentes taxas de infecção por genótipos do HPV e diferentes processos de doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomavirus Infections , Reproductive Tract Infections , Neoplasms , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Genitalia
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(11): 5841-5849, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350453

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do consumo de mídia sexualmente explícita (MSE) de modalidade bareback na prática de sexo anal sem preservativo por homens que fazem sexo com homens (HSH). Para tanto, foi criada uma página na rede social Facebook® com um link que direcionava os interessados para um questionário. Foram incluídos homens cisgênero, com 18 anos ou mais e que praticaram sexo com outro(s) homem(ns) nos últimos 12 meses. Os dados foram coletados em 2017 e analisados por meio de estatística inferencial (uni)bivariada e regressão logística multivariada. Participaram da pesquisa 2.248 HSH, com média de idade de 24,4 anos e média de 3,9 parceiros nos últimos 30 dias. Possuir múltiplos parceiros sexuais (ORa:9,4; IC95% 3,9-22,4), preferir filmes com cenas bareback (ORa:2,6; IC95% 1,5-4,6), julgar essa prática um fetiche e realizá-lo (ORa:3,52; IC95% 2,3-5,4), ter parceria casual (ORa:1,8; IC95% 1,5-1,9) e ciência do status sorológico negativo do parceiro para o HIV (ORa:1,4; IC95% 1,1-2,3) foram fatores que aumentaram as chances de envolvimento em sexo anal sem preservativo. Dessa forma, verificamos associação entre o consumo de MSE bareback e a prática de sexo sem preservativo entre HSH.


Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the influence of bareback sexually explicit media (SEM) consumption on anal sex without a condom by men who have sex with men (MSM). To this end, a page was created on the Facebook® social network with a link that directed interested parties to a questionnaire. Cisgender men, aged 18 years and over, who had sex with other men in the last 12 months, were included. Data were collected in 2017 and analyzed using univariate and bivariate inferential statistics and multivariate logistic regression. A total of 2,248 MSM participated in the research, with a mean age of 24.4 years and a mean number of 3.9 partners in the last 30 days. Having multiple sexual partners (ORa: 9.4; 95% CI 3.9-22.4), preferring movies with bareback scenes (ORa: 2.6; 95% CI 1.5-4.6), considering this practice a fetish and realizing it (ORa: 3.52; 95% CI 2.3-5.4), having casual partnerships (ORa: 1.8; 95% CI 1.5-1.9) and being aware of the partner's negative serological status for HIV (ORa: 1.4; 95% CI 1.1-2.3) were factors that increased the likelihood of engaging in anal sex without a condom. Thus, we found an association between the consumption of bareback SEM and sex without a condom among MSM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , HIV Infections/prevention & control , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Condoms , Homosexuality, Male , Unsafe Sex
20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(supl.3): 5033-5044, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345725

ABSTRACT

Resumo O abuso digital nos relacionamentos íntimos constitui um tema ainda pouco estudado no Brasil, sendo tal prática muitas vezes naturalizada, especialmente entre jovens. O objetivo deste artigo é conhecer os sentidos atribuídos por adolescentes para o conjunto de regras e acordos, implícitos ou pactuados, que definem os contornos de um contrato amoroso e o papel do abuso digital nesses entendimentos estratégicos. Estudo qualitativo realizado com fontes orais primárias, a partir de quatro grupos focais com adolescentes de ambos os sexos, de 15 a 18 anos, de escolas públicas e privadas, totalizando 26 estudantes. A análise se pautou na perspectiva da interpretação de sentidos, com viés temático, ancorado na teoria de amor líquido de Bauman e na categoria de amor confluente de Giddens. Confiança, individualidade e intimidade foram valores considerados essenciais para a vigência de um relacionamento íntimo considerado sério. A exposição da intimidade e monitoramento sem permissão são atos que podem levar à ruptura desse contrato amoroso. Os adolescentes nos mostraram que é preciso tratar o abuso digital entre parceiros a partir da reflexão acerca das regras, dos valores e dos acordos que definem os contornos do contrato amoroso que estabelecem.


Abstract Digital abuse in intimate relationships is a topic that is still poorly studied in Brazil, and this practice is often naturalized, especially among young people. This article aims to know the meanings attributed by adolescents to the set of rules and agreements, implicit or agreed, that define the contours of a "love contract" and the role of digital abuse in these strategic understandings. Qualitative study conducted with primary oral sources, from four focus groups with adolescents from public and private schools, of both sexes, aged 15 to 18 years, totaling 26 students. The analysis was based on the perspective of the interpretation of meanings, with thematic bias, anchored in Bauman's theory of liquid love and Giddens' category of confluent love. Trust, individuality and intimacy were values ​​considered essential for the existence of an intimate relationship considered "serious". The "exposure of intimacy" and "monitoring" without permission are acts that can lead to the breakdown of this "love contract". The adolescents showed us that we need to treat digital abuse between partners by reflecting on the rules, values ​​and agreements that define the contours of the "love contract" they establish.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sexual Partners , Love , Sexual Behavior , Students , Interpersonal Relations
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