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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354779

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) features in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), in terms of degenerative changes, condylar excursions and positioning as well as their possible correlations with signs and symptoms. Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with TMD who were seen between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. These patients were divided into the following groups based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): arthralgia, myalgia, and arthralgia and myalgia groups. The CBCT examination findings of the patients were evaluated in relation to degenerative changes, estimates of condylar excursion, and condylar positioning. The likelihood ratio test was used to verify the possible differences among the three groups, whereas the chi-square test was used to verify the possible differences among the signs and symptoms for the tomographic findings (p ≤ 0.050). Results: In this study, 65 patients with TMD were included. These patients were predominantly female (84.6%) with a mean age of 40.6 years. Tomographic findings of flattening, hyperexcursion and posterior condylar positioning were frequent. A significant correlation was noted between osteophyte and lateral capsule pain (p = 0.027), erosion and posterior capsule pain (p = 0.026), and flattening, pseudocysts (p < 0.050) and condylar excursion (p < 0.001) with mouth opening. Conclusion: Few correlations were noted between degenerative changes and signs of joint pain as well as degenerative changes and condylar hypoexcursion with mouth opening. These correlations were likely associated with division by diagnosis, whereas condylar positioning did not correlate with signs and symptoms


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle
2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Prevención y Control de Tuberculosis; 2 ed; Jun. 2022. 36 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1371429

ABSTRACT

En el rotafolio encontrará conceptos básicos sobre la tuberculosis, sus síntomas, su forma de contagio y las medidas preventivas a realizar en un establecimiento de salud


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant
3.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 75-86, jan./jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354419

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a automedicação pode aliviar sintomas e doenças agudas por um menor custo. Entretanto, esse consumo de medicamentos por conta própria e sem orientação adequada pode acarretar prejuízos como terapêuticas inadequadas, intoxicações e dependência. Objetivo: estimar a prevalência, os motivadores e os fatores associados à automedicação em adultos e idosos atendidos na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS). Métodos: estudo transversal realizado de maio a agosto de 2019. A estatística compreendeu o cálculo da prevalência de automedicação, com período recordatório de 30 dias e seu intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC 95%). Para verificação dos fatores ajustados, foram calculadas as Razões de Prevalência (RP), brutas e ajustadas. Resultados: a amostra foi de 1.365 usuários, com prevalência do desfecho de 55% (IC 95%: 53-58), sendo esta maior em mulheres (RP=1,33; IC 95%: 1,17-1,52), adultos (RP=1,27; IC 95%: 1,14-1,41) e naqueles com 12 anos ou mais de estudo (RP=1,22; IC 95%: 1,09-1,37). Os principais motivadores foram dor (89%), gripe, resfriado e dor de garganta (18,9%) e febre (6,9%). Conclusão: verificou-se prevalência importante de automedicação, especialmente em mulheres, jovens e com maior escolaridade. Considerando os riscos, destaca-se a necessidade de políticas públicas para prevenir o uso indiscriminado de medicamentos.


Introduction: self-medication can relieve symptoms and diseases at a lower cost. However, this can lead to losses such as inappropriate therapies, intoxications and dependence. Objective: to estimate the prevalence, motivators and factors associated with self-medication in adults and the elderly treated in Primary Health Care. Methods: cross-sectional study carried out from May to August 2019. The statistics comprised the calculation of the prevalence of self-medication, with a recall period of 30 days and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI). In order to check the adjusted factors, crude and adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR) were calculated. Results: the sample consisted of 1,365 users, with an outcome prevalence of 55% (95% CI: 53-58), which was higher in women (PR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.17-1.52), adults (PR = 1.27; 95% CI: 1.14-1.41) and in those with 12 or more years of study (PR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.09-1.37). The main motivators were pain (89%), flu, cold and sore throat (18.9%) and fever (6.9%). Conclusion: there was an important prevalence of self-medication, especially in women, young people and those with higher education. Considering the risks, the need for public policies to prevent the indiscriminate use of medicines is highlighted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Self Medication , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pain , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Disease
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e234671, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1360635

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este trabalho tem o objetivo de refletir sobre como a psicanálise pode contribuir para as práticas de saúde desenvolvidas no trabalho do Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família (Nasf), em que destacamos as diferentes perspectivas sobre a noção de sintoma. Inicialmente, contextualiza-se o campo da psicologia em sua relação com a saúde pública e a inserção da proposta metodológica da criação dos Nasf, considerando uma concepção recente, em processo de consolidação e com características específicas, dentre as quais se destacam o trabalho em equipe e a metodologia de apoio matricial. Em um segundo momento, apresentamos as diferentes noções de sintoma entre o discurso médico e o psicanalítico, propondo uma articulação que embase a atuação orientada pela psicanálise. Assim, evidencia-se que a psicanálise marca uma diferença na abordagem do sintoma, que para o sujeito tem uma função singular e não apenas um sofrimento a ser eliminado, de modo que esse sintoma tem importância na escuta do sujeito, dividido em seu desejo, que também pode ser sustentado no trabalho em equipe.(AU)


Abstract This article aims to reflect about how psychoanalysis can contribute to the health practices developed a Family Health Support Center (NASF) team, in which we highlight the different perspectives about the symptom notion. First and foremost, we contextualize the psychology field and its relationship with the public health and the insertion of the methodological proposal of the NASF creation, considering a recent conception in process of consolidation and with specific aspects, which emphasizes the teamwork and the matrix support methodology. Then, we introduce the different notions of symptom between the medical and psychoanalytic discourse, propounding an articulation that supports the psychoanalysis practice perspective proposing an articulation to base the practice guided by psychoanalysis. Therefore, we demonstrate that the psychoanalysis marks a difference on the symptom approach, which has a unique function to the subject instead of being only a suffering to be eliminated, thus, it has importance when listening to the subject, divided on his desire, which can be also sustained in teamwork.(AU)


Resumen Este artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre cómo el psicoanálisis puede contribuir a las prácticas de salud desarrolladas en el Núcleo Ampliado de Salud de la Familia (NASF), donde se destacan distintas perspectivas al concepto de síntoma. Primero, se contextualiza el campo de la psicología y su relación con la salud pública y la inserción de la propuesta metodológica de la creación de los Nasf, teniendo en cuenta una concepción reciente y en proceso de consolidación con características específicas, en la cual predominan el trabajo en equipo y la metodología de apoyo matricial. Después, se presentan los diferentes conceptos de síntoma entre el discurso médico y el psicoanalítico, proponiendo una articulación fundamentada en la actuación del psicoanálisis. Por lo tanto, se establece que el psicoanálisis marca una diferencia en el enfoque del síntoma, que para el sujeto tiene una función singular y no solo un sufrimiento que aliviar, teniendo su importancia en la escucha del sujeto, dividido en su deseo, que también puede ser sostenido en el trabajo en equipo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care Team , Psychoanalysis , Public Health , Family Health , Physicians , Signs and Symptoms , Work , Health , Equipment and Supplies , Joints
6.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 20-32, 2022. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1366955

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La segunda causa de muerte a nivel mundial corresponde a los ataques cerebrovasculares (ACV), de los cuales más de dos terceras partes son de origen isquémico. Causan discapacidad a largo plazo por lo que conocer la anatomía de la circulación cerebral y las posibles manifestaciones clínicas del ACV isquémico permite sospechar, diagnosticar y brindar un manejo oportuno y apropiado, reduciendo el impacto en la salud y la calidad de vida del paciente y sus cuidadores. Objetivo: relacionar los últimos hallazgos en la anatomía arterial cerebral, los mecanismos fisiopatológicos y las manifestaciones clínicas del ACV isquémico de la arteria cerebral media (ACM). Materiales y métodos: revisión de la literatura mediante la búsqueda con términos MeSH en la base de datos Medline, incluyendo estudios, ensayos y metaanálisis publicados entre 2000 y 2020 en inglés y español, además de otras referencias para complementar la información. Resultados: se seleccionaron 59 publicaciones, priorizando las de los últimos 5 años y las más relevantes del rango temporal consultado. Conclusiones: son escasos los estudios sobre la presentación clínica de los ACV, lo que sumado a la variabilidad interindividual de la irrigacióncerebral, dificulta la determinación clínica de la localización de la lesión dentro del lecho vascular. La reperfusión del área de penumbra isquémica como objetivo terapéutico se justifica por los mecanismos fisiopatológicos de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) are the second leading cause of death worldwide, of which more than two thirds are ischemic. They cause long-term disability, therefore, knowledge on the cerebral circulation anatomy and possible clinical manifestations of ischemic CVAs allows us to suspect, diagnose and provide timely and appropriate management, reducing the negative impact on the health and quality of life of patients and caregivers. Objective: to list the latest findings on cerebral arterial anatomy, pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical manifestations of ischemic middle cerebral artery (MCA) CVAs. Materials and methods: a literature review using a MeSH terms search in the Medline database, including studies, trials and meta-analyses published in English and Spanish between 2000 and 2020, using other complementary references. Results: 59 publications were selected prioritizing those published in the past 5 years and the most relevant in said period. Conclusions: there are few studies on the clinical presentation of CVAs, which, added to the interindividual variability of cerebral circulation anatomy, makes clinical identification of lesion location, within the vascular bed, difficult. Reperfusion of the ischemic penumbra region, as a therapeutic objective, is based on the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease.


Subject(s)
Middle Cerebral Artery , Stroke , Signs and Symptoms , Anatomy
7.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 58-62, 2022. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1366993

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: establecer la efectividad de la acupuntura en el control de los síntomas de la menopausia. Materiales y métodos:se seleccionaron menopaúsicas sanas entre 48 y 57 años que presentaban síntomas relacionados con la menopausia que no recibían terapia hormonal. El tratamiento consistió en 24 sesiones de acupuntura y se evaluó la intensidad de los síntomas con el puntaje del índice de Kupperman antes de iniciar y a las 4 y 8 semanas después de iniciadas las sesiones de acupuntura. Resultados: en 50 menopáusicas con edad promedio de 53,4 +/- 3,2 años después de 4 y 8 semanas de tratamiento no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la intensidad de calorones, sudoración, trastorno del sueño, depresión, vértigo, cefalea, artralgia, palpitaciones, debilidad y síntomas vaginales (p = ns). El valor promedio de índice de Kupperman inicial fue de 30,6 +/- 4,7 puntos, el cual aumentó a 32,1 +/- 5,6 puntos a las cuatro semanas para luego alcanzar un valor de 31,1 +/- 4,8 puntos a las 8 semanas. No se demostraron diferencias significativas en los valores promedio de la escala a las 4 (p = 0,150) y 8 semanas (p = 0,596). Conclusión: la acupuntura no es efectiva para controlar los síntomas causados por la menopausia, por lo que no es una alternativa de la terapia de reemplazo hormonal.


Objective: to establish the effectiveness of acupuncture in controlling menopause symptoms. Materials and Methods: healthy menopausal women aged 48 to 57 years, experiencing menopause-related symptoms, not receiving hormone therapy, were selected. The treatment consisted of 24 acupuncture sessions evaluating symptoms severity using the Kupperman index score before initiation of therapy and at 4 and 8 weeks after undergoing acupuncture therapy. Results: no statistically significantdifferences were observed in 50 menopausal women with mean age of 53.4 +/- 3.2 years after 4 and 8 weeks undergoing acupuncture therapy regarding the severity of hot flashes, sweating, sleep disorder, depression, vertigo, headache, arthralgia, palpitations, weakness and vaginal symptoms (p = ns). The mean initial Kupperman index score was 30.6 +/- 4.7, which increased to 32.1 +/- 5.6 at four weeks and then reached a value of 31.1 +/- 4.8 at 8 weeks. No significant differences were demonstrated in the mean scale values at 4 (p = 0.150) and 8 weeks (p = 0.596). Conclusion: acupuncture is not effective in controlling symptoms caused by menopause, so it is not an alternative to hormone replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Menopause , Acupuncture , Signs and Symptoms , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Methods
8.
Rev. cienc. salud ; 20(1): 1-12, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367557

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Medical students could potentially be considered as a vulnerable group in terms of increased risk for anxiety and sleep disorders. This could be caused by high academic demands, and high levels of stress. There is little information, however, when it comes to the relationship between anxiety and exces-sive daytime sleepiness among medical students, and the potentially negative effects this relationship could have upon student health and academic performance. The objective was to identify the association between anxiety and excessive daytime sleepiness in medical students of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico). Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, evaluating 173 students between January and April of 2019. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale was used for the determination of excessive day-time sleepiness, while the anxiety symptoms were measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory. According to the cut-off points for the Epworth scales, the cut-off point was from 10 and for the Beck anxiety inventory it was 8. Chi square and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis. A value of p<0.05 was consid-ered statistically significant. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between the students when comparing the presence and absence of excessive daytime sleepiness and anxiety with a value of p = 0.036 and Odds Ratio of 2.161. Conclusion: A high prevalence of anxiety and insomnia was found in the group of medical students which was evaluated. Additionally, it was found that students who suffer from anxiety are more likely to develop excessive daytime sleepiness


Introducción: los estudiantes de medicina pueden ser considerados un grupo vulnerable para presentar ansiedad y trastornos del sueño, debido a las altas exigencias académicas y al estrés; sin embargo, se cuenta con pocos datos sobre la relación entre la ansiedad y la somnolencia en estudiantes de medicina, relación que podría generar complicaciones tanto académicas como de salud. El objetivo fue la asociación entre ansiedad y somnolencia excesiva diurna en estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad de Guadalajara (México). Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal con 173 estudiantes entre enero y abril del 2019. Para la determinación de somnolencia excesiva diurna se aplicó la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth (punto de corte = 10), mientras que para evaluar los síntomas de ansiedad excesiva se utilizó el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck (punto de corte = 8). Se emplearon chi cuadrado y la prueba exacta de Fisher para el análisis estadístico. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo un valor de p < 0.05. Resultados: se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los estudiantes al comparar la presencia y la ausencia de somnolencia y ansiedad con un valor de p = 0.036 y un odds ratio de 2.161. Conclusión: hay una alta prevalencia de ansiedad e insomnio en los estudiantes de medicina evaluados, y aquellos con ansiedad tienen mayor probabilidad de desarrollar somnolencia excesiva diurna


Introdução: estudantes de medicina podem ser potencialmente considerados um grupo vulnerável em ter-mos de risco aumentado para ansiedade e distúrbios do sono. Isso pode ser causado por altas demandas acadêmicas e altos níveis de estresse. No entanto, há poucas informações sobre a relação entre ansiedade e sonolência diurna excessiva entre estudantes de medicina e os efeitos potencialmente negativos que essa relação pode ter sobre a saúde e o desempenho acadêmico dos alunos. O objetivo foi identificar a associação entre ansiedade e sonolência diurna excessiva em estudantes de medicina da Universidade de Guadalajara (Mêxico). Materiais e métodos: estudo transversal, avaliando 173 alunos entre janeiro e abril de 2019. A Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ponto de corte = 10) foi utilizada para a determina-ção da sonolência diurna excessiva, enquanto os sintomas de ansiedade foram medidos por meio do Inventário de Ansiedad de Beck (ponto de corte = 8). Qui-quadrado e prova exata Fisher foram usados para análise estatística. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estadísticamente significativo. Resultados:foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os alunos ao comparar a presença e ausência de sonolência diurna excessiva e ansiedade com um valor de p = 0,036 e um Odds Ratio de 2,16. Conclusão: foi encontrada alta prevalência de ansiedade e insônia no grupo de estudantes de medicina avaliados. Além disso, verificou-se que os alunos que sofrem de ansiedade têm maior probabilidade de desenvolver sonolência diurna excessiva


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Anxiety , Signs and Symptoms , Sleep , Student Health , Causality , Academic Performance , Sleepiness , Mexico
9.
Rev. cienc. salud ; 20(1): 1-15, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367559

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en el artículo se analizan los hábitos de estudio, el estrés académico y la relación entre ellas en estudiantes de una universidad estatal en Lima (Perú). Materiales y métodos: se empleó un estudio transaccional, descriptivo y correlacional a una muestra de tipo probabilístico que estuvo conformada por 316 discentes. Los datos se recolectaron en junio de 2019, utilizando dos instrumentos de investigación: el Inventario de Estrés Académico de Barraza y el Inventario de Hábitos de Estudio de Vicuña. Se usó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearmanpara determinar si existía relación entre hábitos de estudio y estrés académico. Resultados: el 77 % de los estudiantes presenta un nivel de estrés de moderado a profundo; en cuanto a los hábitos de estudio, el 13 % tiene hábitos de estudio de nivel muy negativo a negativo; esto significa que los estudiantes demuestran que sus estrategias y técnicas habituales para la obtención de información y la forma en que realizan sus tareas no les permiten obtener un resultado óptimo, mientras que el 57.6 % tiene hábitos de tendencia negativa. Asimismo, se encontró que los hábitos de estudio y el estrés académico están relacionados de manera directa (p < 0.05). Conclusiones: los hábitos de estudio están relacionados positivamente con los estresores académicos y reacciones o síntomas, sin embargo, no están asociados con estrategias de afrontamiento


Introduction: This study analyzes the study habits, academic stress, and the relationship between them in students at a state university in Lima. Materials and methods: For this purpose, we conducted a transac-tional, descriptive, and correlational study. The sample consisted of 316 students. Through two research instruments­the questionnaires used were: Barraza Academic Stress Inventory and the Vicuna Study Habits Inventory­the data were collected in June 2019. For the statistical analysis, the Spearman cor-relation coefficient was used to determine the existence of a relationship between the study habits and academic stress. Results: 77% of the students presented with a moderate to deep level of stress. Regarding the study habits, total of 13% have study habits from a very negative to a negative level, this means that students show that their usual strategies and techniques for obtaining information and the way they carry out their tasks do not allow them to obtain an optimal result, while 57.6% have negative tendency habits. Conclusions: Likewise, it was found that study habits and academic stress are directly related (p< 0.05). Thus, we concluded that study habits are positively related to academic-stress-inducing factors and reactions or symptoms. However, they are not related to the coping strategies


Introdução: no presente trabalho foram analisados os hábitos de estudo, o estresse acadêmico e a rela-ção entre eles em alunos de uma universidade estadual de Lima. Materiais e métodos: utilizou-se um estudo transacional, descritivo e correlacional com amostra probabilística composta por 316 alunos. Os dados foram coletados em junho 2019, por meio de dois instrumentos de pesquisa: o inventário de estresse acadêmico de Barraza e o inventário de hábitos de estudo de Vicuña. Para a análise estatística, o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman foi utilizado para determinar se havia relação entre hábitos de estudo e estresse acadêmico. Resultados: os resultados mostram que 77% dos alunos apresentam um nível de estresse de moderado a profundo; quanto aos hábitos de estudo, 13% têm hábitos de estudo de um nível muito negativo a negativo, isto significa que os alunos demonstram que as suas estratégias e técnicas habituais de obtenção de informação e a forma como realizam as suas tarefas não lhes permitem obter um resultado óptimo, enquanto 57.6% têm hábitos com tendência negativa. Da mesma forma, hábitos de estudo e estresse acadêmico mostraram-se diretamente relacionados (p < 0.05). Conclusões: os hábitos de estudo estão positivamente relacionados a estressores acadêmicos e reações ou sintomas; no entanto, eles não estão relacionados às estratégias de enfrentamento


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Peru , Signs and Symptoms , Students , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Habits , Learning
10.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4605-e4613, 2022. figures
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366667

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. L'endométriose est une maladie gynécologique caractérisée par la présence des glandes et du stroma endométrial en dehors de la cavité utérine. Elle serait influencée par la nutrition. Cette maladie touche 10 à 15 % des femmes en âge de procréer et a comme composante essentielle l'inflammation chronique. Les symptômes les plus fréquents sont la douleur et l'infertilité. La littérature actuelle fait état des effets bénéfiques des aliments antiinflammatoires et antioxydants sur l'endométriose. L'objectif de la présente mini revue est d'établir des pistes de réflexion sur le bénéfice d'une supplémentation nutritionnelle dans l'endométriose. Méthodes. Nous avons effectué une recherche avec les bases de données de Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library et Embase pour identifier les articles et essais cliniques randomisés dont sept ont été retenus pour l'analyse. Résultats. La supplémentation en souches probiotiques, en vitamine E et en vitamine C a une influence positive sur les symptômes liés à l'endométriose. De plus, un ensemble des composés contenant des vitamines, sels minéraux, ferments lactiques et oméga 3 et 6 ainsi qu'une alimentation de type anti-inflammatoire et les aliments pauvres en glucides fermentés cibles auraient également une influence positive sur les symptômes. En revanche, la vitamine n'aurait aucun effet significatif. Conclusion. Une prise en charge nutritionnelle, notamment axée sur une supplémentation en antioxydants, anti-inflammatoires et en souches probiotiques constitue une piste prometteuse pour la prise en charge de l'endométriose


Context and objective. Endometriosis is a gynecological disease which is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity and might be influenced by nutrition. It affects 10 to 15 % of women of childbearing age and has chronic inflammation as an essential component. The most common symptoms are pain and infertility. Current literature reports the beneficial effects of antiinflammatory and antioxidant foods on endometriosis. The present paper reviews the benefits of nutritional supplementation in endometriosis. Methods. A search was performed using the Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library and Embase database engines to identify articles and randomized clinical trials, of which seven were selected for analysis. Results. Supplementation with probiotic strains, vitamin E and vitamin C has a positive influence on the symptoms associated with endometriosis. In addition, a set of compounds containing vitamins, minerals, lactic ferments and omega 3 and 6 as well as an antiinflammatory type diet and foods low in fermentable carbohydrates would also have a positive influence on the symptoms. In contrast, vitamin D did not have any significant effect. Conclusion. Nutritional management, in particular focusing on supplementation with antioxidants, anti-inflammatory drugs and probiotic strains, is a promising avenue for the management of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Vitamin E , Dietary Supplements , Endometriosis , Antioxidants , Ascorbic Acid
11.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4577-e4588, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366402

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. Le syndrome d'apnées hypopnées obstructives du sommeil (SAHOS) est une pathologie fréquente, mais méconnue. L'objectif de cette enquête était d'évaluer les connaissances ainsi que les habitudes diagnostique et thérapeutique des médecins généralistes (MG) vis-à-vis le SAHOS. Méthodes. Etude transversale, déclarative, observationnelle menée auprès des MG de la ville de Kinshasa, à partir d'un questionnaire anonyme n'ayant pas précisé au préalable l'objet de l'étude. Les réponses aux questions et le nombre des répondants sont exprimés en fréquence et en pourcentage. Résultats. Sur 177 MG ayant répondu au questionnaire, près de 70% avaient obtenu leur diplôme après l'année 2009. Le cursus universitaire avait été la principale source d'information. La majorité des MG de l'enquête (62%) n'était pas familiarisée avec le SAHOS. Les symptômes cardinaux (ronflements, apnées nocturnes, somnolence diurne) avaient été cités par plus de moitié des MG mais sans leur donner de signification réelle dans leur pratique médicale. L'obésité a été largement citée comme un facteur associé au SAHOS par 68 % de MG, cependant les autres facteurs ont été méconnus ou à peine cités. Plus de la moitié des MG (54,2 %) ne connaissait pas les répercussions et les complications des apnées nocturnes sur l'individu et son environnement. La polysomnographie comme examen clé du SAHOS avait été citée par 56 % des MG. Le niveau des connaissances révélé par l'ensemble des résultats s'est avéré globalement faible. Conclusion. Le SAHOS est une pathologie fréquente, méconnue et très peu intégrée dans les pratiques professionnelles médicales à Kinshasa. Cette situation appelle un approfondissement de la formation des médecins par l'enseignement universitaire et la formation médicale continue


Context and objective. Obstructive sleep apneahypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a frequent pathology. The objective was to assess the knowledge as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic habits of general practitioners (GPs) concerning the OSAHS. Methods. A crosssectional, observational study was conducted among GPs using an anonymous questionnaire that did not specify the purpose of the study beforehand. Results. Out of 177 GPs who answered the questionnaire, almost 70 % had graduated after 2009. University education had been the main source of information. The majority of GPs in the survey (62%) were not familiar with OSAHS. Cardinal symptoms of OSAHS (snoring, nocturnal apnea, daytime sleepiness) had been cited by more than half of GPs but without giving them any real significance in their medical practice. Half of them had never discussed the diagnosis of OSAHS with their patients. Obesity was widely cited as a factor associated with OSAHS by 68% of GPs, however other factors were either unrecognized or barely mentioned. More than half of GPs (54.2%) did not know the repercussions and complications of night apnea on the individual and his environment. Polysomnography as a key examination for OSAHS was cited by 56% of GPs. The existence of care was also indicated by a large number of them (87%) but without knowing the terms. Conclusion. OSAHS is a pathology affecting the population of Kinshasa, but little integrated into professional medical practices. Its cardinal symptoms, complications and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are little known to GPs. This situation calls for further training of doctors through university education and continuing medical education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Diagnosis , General Practitioners
12.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1359257

ABSTRACT

Background: Essential workers are imperative in the fight against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Aim: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety and depression among essential workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. Setting: This study was set in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Method: This was a cross-sectional study involving essential workers in Ekiti State Nigeria, during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. A total of 588 essential workers were sampled. Online socio-demographic variables and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, a 14 item self-reported questionnaire were used. Results: The prevalence of anxiety and depression among the respondents was 93.4% (CI = 91.2­95.2) and 64.3% (CI = 60.4­68.4) respectively. Among the health workers, the prevalence of anxiety and depression were 96.5% (CI =94.8­98.1) and 66.5% (CI = 60.5­69.8) respectively while the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among non- health workers were 84.6% (CI = 78.7­90.1) and 61.5% (CI = 54.2­69.4) respectively. The odds ratio (OR) of depressive symptoms was increased among, respondents who were not satisfied with the support they received from the government during the pandemic (AOR = 2.071, CI = 1.350­2.213), respondents that were 35 years and younger (AOR = 1.512, CI = 1.033­2.213) and reduced amongst Christians (AOR = 0.501, CI = 0.286­0.879). The odd of anxiety was increased among health workers compared to non-health workers (AOR = 3.700, CI = 1.744­7.851) and the odds of anxiety was reduced among respondents with previous history of mental illness (AOR = 0.215, CI = 0.049­0.943). Conclusion: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were common mental illness among essential workers working during the COVID-19 lockdown, therefore their mental health should be adequately considered to sustain the fight against the virus.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Prevalence , Health Personnel , Depression , COVID-19 , Signs and Symptoms , Pandemics
13.
Niger. j. paediatr ; 49(1): 17-21, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1372508

ABSTRACT

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that affects all age groups. Infected asymptomatic children can transmit the disease to vulnerable adults with co-morbidities resulting in severe disease in the latter. There are few reports of COVID-19 in children in Sub-Saharan Africa in general and in Nigeria in particular. Aim: To determine the prevalence, symptoms and risk factors for COVID-19 in Southern Nigerian children. Methods: This was a one-year retrospective cross-sectional study between April 2020 and March 2021. Data of all children tested for COVID-19 was extracted from the Epidemiology unit of Akwa Ibom state ministry of health. All patient identifiers were omitted and data was analyzed using STATA version 13. Results: Two hundred and fifty five children (2.25%) out of a total of 11,289 people were tested for COVID-19. Fifty -four children (0.47%) of the total number of persons tested for COVID-19 were positive. Twenty one percent of the 255 children tested were positive for COVID-19. Two hundred and fifty- four (99.6%) of children that were tested had a positive history of contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case. Five (9.3%) of COVID-19 positive children were symptomatic. The commonest symptoms seen were Fever (90.9%), Anosmia (63.6%) and Aguesia (36.4%). Increasing age (15 years and above) was significantly associated with COVID-19 positivity (p=0.000). In addition, the presence of symptoms was significantly associated with COVID-19 positivity (p=0.04). Conclusion/Recommendation: The prevalence of COVID-19 in Southern Nigerian children is low. Majority of the children have asymptomatic disease. Increasing age is significantly associated with COVID-19 positivity. We recommend increased COVID-19 testing in the general children population.


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Risk Factors , COVID-19
14.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 86-93, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1347952

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma reflexão a respeito do manejo clínico, no qual a analista, mesmo percebendo a negação da paciente a se vincular, se coloca mais presente, face a face, deixando-se perceber como presença viva. Isto possibilitou, lentamente, a construção de um vínculo entre a dupla, mesmo diante de desorganizações da economia psicossomática da paciente, que surgem após a vivência de situações de vida extremamente difíceis. Será apresentado seu caso clínico no qual vários sintomas estão presentes: diverticulite no sigmoide e reto, cistite recorrente e dois episódios de Acidente Isquêmico Transitório (AIT). O contato mais aprofundado com a sua história, nos remeteu a núcleos regredidos, associados a uma angústia relacionada à questão do reconhecimento. Foi usado o referencial teórico da Psicanálise Vincular e da Psicossomática Psicanalítica, a fim de explicitar que através do vínculo estabelecido, da relação transferencial, do acolhimento e do manejo específico dessa clínica, pôde-se criar um espaço onde foi possível à paciente explicitar em palavras os pensamentos e sentimentos insuportáveis que, até então, expressava em seu corpo e ter, assim, a condição psíquica de, aos poucos, retomar a sua própria vida.


The objective of this article is to propose a reflection about the clinical management, in which the analyst, even realizing the patient's denial to be bound, is more present, face to face, letting herself be perceived as a living presence. This allowed, slowly, the construction of a bond between the duo, even in the face of disorganizations of the psychosomatic economy of the patient, which emerge after the experience of extremely difficult life situations. It will be presented its clinicai case in which several symptoms are present: Diverticulitis in the sigmoid and rectum, recurrent cystitis and two episodes of Transient Ischemic Accident (TIA). The deeper contact with his history, referred us to regressed nuclei, associated with an anguish related to the issue of recognition The theoretical framework of Binding Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychosomatics was used, in order to explain that through the established bond, the transference relationship, the welcoming and the specific management of this clinic, it was possible to create a space where the patient could be Explain in words the unbearable thoughts and feelings that, until then, expressed in his body and thus have the psychic condition of gradually resuming his own life.


El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una reflexión sobre el manejo clínico, en el que el analista, incluso al darse cuenta de la negación del paciente para estar vinculado, está más presente, cara a cara, dejándose percibir como una presencia viva. Esto permitió, lentamente, la construcción de un vínculo entre el dúo, incluso ante las desorganizaciones de la economia psicosomática del paciente, que surgen después de la experiencia de situaciones de vida extremadamente dificiles. Se presentará su caso clínico en el que se presentan varios sintomas: Diverticulitis en el sigmoide y el recto, cistitis recurrente y dos episodios de Accidente Isquémico Transitorio (AIT). El contacto más profundo con su historia nos remitió a núcleos regresivos, asociados con una angustia relacionada con la cuestión del reconocimiento. Se utilizó el marco teórico de Psicoanálisis Vincular y Psicosomática Psicoanalítica., con el fin de explicar que, a través del vínculo establecido, la relación transferente, la acogida y la gestión específica de esta clínica, fue posible crear un espacio donde el paciente pudiera ser Explique con palabras los pensamientos y sentimientos insoportables que, hasta entonces, expresaron en su cuerpo y así tienen la condición psíquica de reanudar gradualmente su propia vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Psychoanalysis , Signs and Symptoms , User Embracement , Family Relations , Object Attachment
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210967, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253959

ABSTRACT

There is no much published data on the mothers' false beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething in Sudan. Aim: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted to assess mothers` knowledge about infant teething process and to evaluate mothers' practices used to alleviate teething disturbances in Gadarif city, eastern Sudan. Methods: Questionnaires were used to collect data. Multivariate logistics regression models were performed and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results/Conclusion: Of a total of 384 participating mothers, 126 (32.8%) had good knowledge about infant teething. The mothers' knowledge was associated with a higher number of children in the family (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.14) and with having a job (AOR = 2.22). Mothers residing in rural areas (AOR = 0.40) and mothers with lower than secondary education (AOR = 0.43) were less likely to have good knowledge about teething. Diarrhea (88.5%), fever (86.5%), an urge to bite (76.6%), and poor appetite (71.9%) were the signs and symptoms most attributed to teething by mothers. Only the mother's knowledge about teething was associated with reporting fever as a sign. A considerable number (317; 82.6%) of mothers reported performing "Dokhan" (acacia wood smoke), 313 (81.5%) preferred to administer paracetamol or other systemic analgesics, 262 (68.2%) agreed that a child with tooth eruption should be taken to a hospital or health center, and 216 (56.3%) believed that antibiotics relieved symptoms related to teething


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Tooth Eruption , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Mothers
16.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 21-23, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358320

ABSTRACT

La PTI es una alteración hemorrágica de instalación súbdita, adquirida, que se manifiesta inicialmente con petequias, equimosis o hematomas en piel y mucosas, sangrado nasal y gingival, sin causa aparente. La mucosa bucal puede ser el sitio donde las lesiones se observen con frecuencia y por primera vez. Se reporta el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años de edad, con manifestaciones clínicas de un cuadro purpúrico, se describen signos, síntomas, terapéutica y manejo estomatológico (AU)


PTI is a hemorrhagic alteration of sudden installation, acquired, which manifests initially with petechiae, esquimosis or bruises on skin and mucosae, nasal and gingival bleeding without apparent cause. Bucal mucosae can be the site where lesions are observed with frequency, and for the first time. The case of a male patient with 28 years of age with clinical manifestationsofpurpuric syndrome is reported, signs, symptoms, therapeutic and stomatological handling are described (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Gingival Hemorrhage , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Signs and Symptoms , Immunoglobulins , Ecchymosis , Rituximab , Glucocorticoids
17.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 295-306, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350829

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y paraclínicas de los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Neiva, entre los años 2014 y 2018 e identificar los factores de riesgo que se asocien con la mortalidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional analítico retrospectivo. Se calcularon las medias, la desviación estándar, frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Se realizó un análisis de normalidad con el Test de Shapiro-Wilk. Se evaluó la asociación de diferentes variables sociodemográficas y clínicas con el riesgo de mortalidad usando regresión logística. Resultados: se registraron 305 eventos, predominantemente leves (117 casos). El 2018 fue el año con mayor número de reportes (35,45 %). La mayoría eran personas jóvenes con una edad media de 17 años, principalmente de los 0 a 11 años (61 %). Más del 90% eran pacientes residentes del departamento Huila y más de la mitad (67 %) pertenecían al régimen subsidiado. La mayoría de las picaduras ocurrieron durante el día, siendo las extremidades la ubicación más frecuentemente reportada (82 %). Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre un cuadro grave y la mayor necesidad de UCI. Conclusiones: el escorpionismo es un problema de salud pública infravalorado en Colombia. La población pediátrica tiene mayor riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones y síntomas graves en la escorpiotoxicosis. Un cuadro grave en cualquier edad aumenta la probabilidad de ingreso a una UCI, requerimiento frecuente de soporte hídrico e inotrópico y la necesidad de antihipertensivos, al igual que dosis elevadas de antiveneno.


SUMMARY Objective: To describe the sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical characteristics of the patients treated at the Neiva University Hospital between 2014 and 2018, and identify risk factors that are associated with mortality. Materials and Methods: Observational, analytic retrospective, study. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Normality analysis was performed with the Shapiro-Wilk Test. The relationship of different sociodemographic and clinical variables and the risk of mortality were evaluated using logistic regression. Results: 305 events were registered, predominantly mild (117 cases), being 2018 the year with the highest number of reports (35.45%). Most were young people, with a mean age of 17 years, mainly between 0-11 years (61%). More than 90% resided in the Huila department and more than half (67%) belonged to the subsidized regime. Most bites occurred during the day, with the extremities being the most frequently reported location (82%). A statistically significant association was found between a severe condition and an increased need for an ICU. Conclusions: Scorpionism is an undervalued public health problem in Colombia. The pediatric population is at increased risk of developing severe complications and symptoms in scorpiotoxicosis. A severe condition at any age increases the probability of ICU admission, more frequent requirement for inotropic and liquids supply, and the use of antihypertensive drugs and high doses of anti-venom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mortality , Scorpion Stings , Scorpions , Signs and Symptoms , Bites and Stings , Public Health , Research Report
18.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 471-476, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356957

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La traqueobroncomalacia es una enfermedad de la vía aérea central caracterizada por una debilidad de la pared, con disminución dinámica de la luz de la tráquea y grandes bronquios principalmente durante la espiración. Genera síntomas crónicos que pueden evolucionar hasta la falla respiratoria grave, frecuentemente diagnosticados de forma errónea como asma o enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC). Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 70 años, con antecedente de artritis reumatoide y múltiples internaciones por cuadros respiratorios infecciosos en los 3 años previos.


ABSTRACT Tracheobroncomalacia is a disease of the central airway due to weakness of the wall with dynamic narrowing of the lumen of the trachea and mainstem bronchi during exhalation. It produces chronic symptoms that can progress to severe respiratory failure, often misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We report the case of a 70-year-old female patient with a history of rheumatoid arthritis and multiple hospitalizations for recurrent respiratory infections over the past 3 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tracheobronchomalacia , Tracheomalacia , Respiratory Insufficiency , Asthma , Signs and Symptoms , Trachea , Bronchi , Exhalation , Tracheobronchomalacia/complications , Frailty
20.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 33-40, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355015

ABSTRACT

La gastritis es una enfermedad con una alta morbilidad a nivel mundial, el principal factor de riesgo es la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, histopatológica y endoscópicas en una población con gastritis crónica. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 49 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del área de gastroenterología, de 18 a 65 años, a quienes se realizó el estudio histopatológico y endoscópico en el Servicio de Gastroenterología en el Hospital General Quevedo, de Los Ríos-Ecuador, durante septiembre 2017 ­ septiembre 2018. Resultados: Se observó predominio del género masculino (65%); en mayores de 40 años (55%), la epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal, 39% y 35% respectivamente, fueron los síntomas más frecuentes, La positividad para Helicobacter pylori, alcanzó el 86%, y la lesión no erosiva un 73%, existió mayor presencia de la forma no atrófica (84%) sobre la atrófica. Conclusiones: La gastritis crónica predominó en el grupo etario mayor a 40 años y de género masculino, siendo los factores de riesgo de mayor prevalencia la infección por Helicobacter pylori y los asociados al consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, mala alimentación, alcohol y tabaco, los síntomas como epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal fueron los más frecuentes. El hallazgo endoscópico fue mayor para las formas no erosivas, y de acuerdo a la histopatología la gastritis no atrófica antral moderada fue la más frecuente(AU)


Gastritis is a disease with high morbidity worldwide, the main risk factor is Helicobacter pylori infection. Objective: To describe the clinical, histopathological and endoscopic characteristics in a population with chronic gastritis. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, including 49 patients who attended the outpatient consultation of the gastroenterology area, aged 18 to 65 years, who underwent a histopathological and endoscopic study in the Gastroenterology Service at the Quevedo General Hospital, Los Ríos-Ecuador, during September 2017 - September 2018. Results: A predominance of the male gender was observed (65%); In people over 40 years of age (55%), epigastralgia and the sensation of heartburn, 39% and 35% spectively, were the most frequent symptoms, the positivity for Helicobacter pylori, reached 86%, and the non-erosive lesion 73 %, there was a greater presence of the non-atrophic form (84%) over the atrophic one. Conclusions: Chronic gastritis predominated in the age group over 40 years of age and male, the most prevalent risk factors being Helicobacter pylori infection and those associated with the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet, alcohol and tobacco. symptoms such as epigastric pain and the sensation of heartburn were the most frequent. The endoscopic finding was greater for non-erosive forms, and according to histopathology, moderate antral non-atrophic gastritis was the most frequent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Dyspepsia/etiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/physiopathology , Peptic Ulcer , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Acidity , Gastroenterology
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