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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 127-136, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528822

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic wound healing potential and molecular mechanisms of shikonin as small molecules in vitro. A mouse burn model was used to explore the potential therapeutic effect of shikonin; we traced proliferating cells in vivo to locate the active area of skin cell proliferation. Through the results of conventional pathological staining, we found that shikonin has a good effect on the treatment of burned skin and promoted the normal distribution of skin keratin at the damaged site. At the same time, shikonin also promoted the proliferation of skin cells at the damaged site; importantly, we found a significant increase in the number of fibroblasts at the damaged site treated with shikonin. Most importantly, shikonin promotes fibroblasts to repair skin wounds by regulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study shows that shikonin can effectively promote the proliferation of skin cell, and local injection of fibroblasts in burned skin can play a certain therapeutic role.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar el potencial terapéutico de cicatrización de heridas y los mecanismos moleculares de la shikonina como moléculas pequeñas in vitro. Se utilizó un modelo de quemaduras en ratones para explorar el posible efecto terapéutico de la shikonina; Rastreamos las células en proliferación in vivo para localizar el área activa de proliferación de células de la piel. A través de los resultados de la tinción para patología convencional, encontramos que la shikonina tiene un buen efecto en el tratamiento de la piel quemada y promueve la distribución normal de la queratina de la piel en el sitio dañado. Al mismo tiempo, la shikonina también promovió la proliferación de células de la piel en el sitio dañado. Es importante destacar que encontramos un aumento significativo en la cantidad de fibroblastos en el sitio dañado tratado con shikonina. Lo más importante es que la shikonina promueve la función reparadora de fibroblastos en las heridas de la piel regulando la vía de señalización PI3K/ AKT. Este estudio muestra que la shikonina puede promover eficazmente la proliferación de células de la piel y que la inyección local de fibroblastos en la piel quemada puede desempeñar un cierto papel terapéutico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns/drug therapy , Naphthoquinones/administration & dosage , Skin , In Vitro Techniques , Naphthoquinones/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL
2.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 49(1): 30-36, Ene 24, 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554706

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pruritus is a common symptom in dermatological practice. Affecting patients with a wide range of cutaneous and systemic diseases. It can be caused by cutaneous disorders, systemic diseases, neurological disorders, psychological disorders, medications, among others. When assessing individuals with pruritus and cutaneous lesions, it is essential to consider mycosis fungoides and granuloma annulare as noteworthy differential diagnoses. Case presentation: A 51-year-old female patient exhibited symptoms of pruritus and two occurrences of pruritic skin lesions. Accompanied by a low-grade fever measuring 37.7 ºC, as well as asthenia and myalgia. Physical examination revealed two rounded plaques with erythematous borders and multiple non-confluent papular lesions. Discussion: Differentiating between mycosis fungoides and granuloma annulare can be challenging due to the similarities in their clinical presentations. However, performing a biopsy is essential to reach a definitive diagnosis.Conclusions: A biopsy is being suggested for the front part of the left lower limb. The application of mometasone furoate twice a day for two weeks was prescribed. Subsequently, a meeting has been arranged to conduct a review and to carefully analyze the biopsy findings within thirty days.


Introducción: El prurito es un síntoma frecuente en la práctica dermatológica, que afecta a pacientes con una amplia gama de enfermedades cutáneas y sistémicas. Puede estar causado por trastornos cutáneos, enfermedades sistémicas, trastornos neurológicos, trastornos psicológicos y medicamentos, entre otros. En la evaluación de personas con prurito y lesiones cutáneas, es fundamental tener en cuenta la micosis fungoide y el granuloma anular como diagnósticos diferenciales destacables. Presentación del caso clínico: Una paciente de 51 años de edad presentaba síntomas de prurito y dos apariciones de lesiones cutáneas pruriginosas, acompañadas de fiebre baja de 37.7 ºC, así como astenia y mialgias. El examen físico reveló dos placas redondeadas con bordes eritematosos y múltiples lesiones papulares no confluentes. Discusión: Diferenciar entre micosis fungoide y granuloma anular puede ser un reto debido a las similitudes en sus presentaciones clínicas. Sin embargo, la realización de una biopsia es esencial para llegar a un diagnóstico definitivo. Conclusiones:Se sugiere la realización de una biopsia en la parte anterior del miembro inferior izquierdo. Se prescribe la aplicación de furoato de mometasona dos veces al día durante dos semanas. Posteriormente, se ha concertado una reunión para realizar una revisión y deliberar sobre los resultados de la biopsia en un plazo de treinta días


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin/injuries , Case Reports , Mycosis Fungoides/diagnosis
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552145

ABSTRACT

A Dermatite Atópica e a Epidermólise Bolhosa são doenças crônicas que afetam a estrutura morfológica e bioquímica da pele, provocando lesões e alterações sistêmicas nos indivíduos afetados, podendo ocasionar infecções generalizadas. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar e sintetizar as contribuições das pesquisas produzidas sobre os cuidados de enfermagem para crianças com dermatite atópica ou epidermólise bolhosa. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, cuja pergunta norteadora foi: "Quais são os cuidados de enfermagem para o paciente pediátrico com dermatite atópica ou epidermólise bolhosa?". Sua busca aconteceu nas bases de dados: Medline; CINAHL; LILACS e CUIDEN. Não houve restrição quanto ao ano de publicação e foram analisados estudos publicados nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Como resultados foram incluídos 23 estudos, dois quais duas categorias foram elencadas: Assistência de Enfermagem às Crianças Portadoras de Dermatite Atópica e a Epidermólise Bolhosa e, Educação em Saúde. Evidenciou-se a necessidade de investimento em pesquisas bem delineadas sobre o tema, pois a raridade da condição, a escassez de referencial e a dificuldade em encontrar pacientes aptos para intervenções são fatores que contribuem neste cenário científico.


The Atopic Dermatitis and Epidermolysis Bullosa are chronic diseases that affect the morphological and biochemical structure of the skin, causing lesions and systemic changes in affected individuals, which can lead to generalized infections. This study aimed to evaluate and synthesize the contributions of research produced on nursing care for children with atopic dermatitis or epidermolysis bullosa. This is an integrative review, whose guiding question was: "What is the nursing care for pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis or epidermolysis bullosa?". Your search took place in the following databases: Medline; CINAHL; LILACS and CUIDEN. There was no restriction on the year of publication and studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish were analyzed. As results, 23 studies were included, two of which two categories were listed: Nursing Care for Children with Atopic Dermatitis and Epidermolysis Bullosa and Health Education. The need for investment in well-designed research on the topic was highlighted, as the The rarity of the condition, the scarcity of references and the difficulty in finding patients suitable for interventions are factors that contribute to this scientific scenario.


La Dermatitis Atópica y la Epidermólisis Bullosa son enfermedades crónicas que afectan la estructura morfológica y bioquímica de la piel, provocando lesiones y cambios sistémicos en los individuos afectados, que pueden derivar en infecciones generalizadas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar y sintetizar las contribuciones de las investigaciones producidas sobre los cuidados de enfermería al niño con dermatitis atópica o epidermólisis ampollosa. Se trata de una revisión integradora, cuya pregunta orientadora fue: "¿Cuál es el cuidado de enfermería al paciente pediátrico con dermatitis atópica o epidermólisis ampollosa?". Su búsqueda se realizó en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline; CINAHL; LILAS y CUIDEN. No hubo restricción en el año de publicación y se analizaron los estudios publicados en inglés, portugués y español. Como resultados se incluyeron 23 estudios, dos de los cuales se enumeraron dos categorías: Atención de Enfermería al Niño con Dermatitis Atópica y Epidermólisis Bullosa y Educación para la Salud.Se destacó la necesidad de invertir en investigaciones bien diseñadas sobre el tema, ya que la rareza de la condición, la escasez de referencias y la dificultad para encontrar pacientes aptos para las intervenciones son factores que contribuyen a este escenario científico.


Subject(s)
Pediatrics , Child , Epidermolysis Bullosa/nursing , Dermatitis, Atopic/nursing , Pediatric Assistants , Skin/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nurse's Role , Early Medical Intervention , Systematic Reviews as Topic
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550961

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Organización Panamericana de la Salud refiere que a nivel mundial pocos son los países que aplican el contacto piel con piel cuando lo realizan es por un tiempo inadecuado a pesar de los múltiples beneficios para la madre y el recién nacido. Objetivo: Describir la aplicación del contacto piel con piel desde la experiencia del equipo de salud en un centro materno infantil del sector público en Perú. Métodos: Investigación cualitativa con diseño descriptivo, de tipo estudio de caso, en una muestra no probabilística de 10 integrantes del equipo de salud, elegidos por conveniencia y determinado por saturación y redundancia. Los datos se recolectaron a través de la entrevista semiestructurada en línea. La información se procesó de manera manual, mediante el análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: Se obtuvieron tres categorías: a) aplicación del contacto piel con piel en la atención inmediata del recién nacido, b) estrategias implementadas para la aplicación del contacto piel con piel y c) barreras afrontadas por el equipo de salud para aplicar el contacto piel con piel. Conclusiones: Desde la experiencia del personal de salud, es posible aplicar el contacto pial a piel previa capacitación y sensibilización al equipo de salud, y acondicionamiento del ambiente, a fin de implementarlo como política del establecimiento de salud(AU)


Introduction: The Pan American Health Organization reports that few countries worldwide apply skin-to-skin contact and when they use it is during an inadequate amount of time despite the multiple benefits for the mother and the newborn. Objective: To describe the application of skin-to-skin contact from the experience of the health team in a public maternal and child center in Peru. Methods: A qualitative research with a descriptive design, case study, was carried out in a non-probabilistic sample of 10 members of the health team, chosen by convenience and determined by saturation and redundancy. Data were collected through semi-structured online interviews. The information was processed manually, through thematic content analysis. Results: Three categories were obtained: a) application of skin-to-skin contact in the immediate care of the newborn, b) strategies implemented for the application of skin-to-skin contact, and c) barriers faced by the health team to apply skin-to-skin contact. Conclusions: From the experience of health personnel, it is possible to apply skin-to-skin contact after training and sensitization to the health team and conditioning of the environment, in order to implement it as a policy of the health facility(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Skin , Infant, Newborn/growth & development , Life Change Events , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Qualitative Research , Family Relations , Maternal-Child Health Centers , Mothers/education
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 222-229, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the role of Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside (TGW) in the treatment of psoriatic dermatitis from a cellular immunological perspective.@*METHODS@#Mouse models of psoriatic dermatitis were established by imiquimod (IMQ). Twelve male BALB/c mice were assigned to IMQ or IMQ+TGW groups according to a random number table. Histopathological changes in vivo were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Ratios of immune cells and cytokines in mice, as well as PAM212 cell proliferation in vitro were assessed by flow cytometry. Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression was determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#TGW significantly ameliorated the severity of IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse skin lesions and restrained the activation of CD45+ cells, neutrophils and T lymphocytes (all P<0.01). Moreover, TGW significantly attenuated keratinocytes (KCs) proliferation and downregulated the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-23, tumor necrosis factor α, and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Furthermore, it reduced the number of γ δ T17 cells in skin lesion of mice and draining lymph nodes (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGW improved psoriasis-like inflammation by inhibiting KCs proliferation, as well as the associated immune cells and cytokine expression. It inhibited IL-17 secretion from γ δ T cells, which improved the immune-inflammatory microenvironment of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Tripterygium , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Keratinocytes , Skin Diseases/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Imiquimod/metabolism , Dermatitis/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Skin/metabolism
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 329-337, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pathological scars are a disorder that can lead to various cosmetic, psychological, and functional problems, and no effective assessment methods are currently available. Assessment and treatment of pathological scars are based on cutaneous manifestations. A two-photon microscope (TPM) with the potential for real-time non-invasive assessment may help determine the under-surface pathophysiological conditions in vivo . This study used a portable handheld TPM to image epidermal cells and dermal collagen structures in pathological scars and normal skin in vivo to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment in scar patients.@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with pathological scars and three healthy controls were recruited. Imaging was performed using a portable handheld TPM. Five indexes were extracted from two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) perspectives, including collagen depth, dermo-epidermal junction (DEJ) contour ratio, thickness, orientation, and occupation (proportion of collagen fibers in the field of view) of collagen. Two depth-dependent indexes were computed through the 3D second harmonic generation image and three morphology-related indexes from the 2D images. We assessed index differences between scar and normal skin and changes before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Pathological scars and normal skin differed markedly regarding the epidermal morphological structure and the spectral characteristics of collagen fibers. Five indexes were employed to distinguish between normal skin and scar tissue. Statistically significant differences were found in average depth ( t = 9.917, P <0.001), thickness ( t = 4.037, P <0.001), occupation ( t = 2.169, P <0.050), orientation of collagen ( t = 3.669, P <0.001), and the DEJ contour ratio ( t = 5.105, P <0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Use of portable handheld TPM can distinguish collagen from skin tissues; thus, it is more suitable for scar imaging than reflectance confocal microscopy. Thus, a TPM may be an auxiliary tool for scar treatment selection and assessing treatment efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix/diagnostic imaging , Skin/pathology , Collagen , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
7.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 59-71, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012802

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The stratum corneum (SC) remains an obstacle to the passage of drugs applied topically. Several investigations have focused on enhancing the penetration of drugs through the SC by integrating permeation enhancers (PE) into the drug formulation. Terpenes are among the PE utilized in formulations and are categorized by the regulatory bodies as generally recognized as safe (GRAS). This study aimed to comparatively analyze the skin permeation enhancing effect of terpenes on lipophilic drugs. @*Methods@#The present study reviewed the effects of terpenes on the permeation of lipophilic small-molecule drugs through the skin using original research published between 2000 - 2022 retrieved from PubMed®. The search phrase used was (lipophilic drug) AND (terpene) AND (permeation enhancer). @*Results@#Terpenes increase the percutaneous permeation of lipophilic small molecule drugs by 1.06 – 256.80-fold. Linear correlation analysis of terpenes’ cLog P with enhancement ratio (ER) revealed moderate and strong positive correlations in pig skin (r = 0.21) and mouse skin (r = 0.27), and rat skin (r = 0.41) and human skin (r = 0.67), respectively. Drug cLog P is a poor (r = -0.06) predictor of permeation enhancement. Terpenes with cLog P higher than 2.40 had ER greater than 10. Higher ERs (>30) were recorded for nerolidol, carvacrol, borneol, terpineol, limonene, menthone, pulegone, and menthol among the terpene-chemical penetration enhancers. @*Conclusion@#cLog P of terpene-based chemical permeation enhancers (CPE) is strongly correlated with ER of lipophilic drugs across human skin. Non-polar groups in terpenes and hydrogen bond interactions by terpenes with SC lipid enhance cutaneous drug penetration of lipophilic drugs.


Subject(s)
Terpenes , Skin
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3726, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation with low-level 660 nm laser alone or associated with Human Amniotic Membrane in the repair of partial-thickness burns in rats. Method: an experimental study conducted with 48 male Wistar rats, randomized into four groups: Control, Human Amniotic Membrane, Low-Level Laser Therapy, and Low-Level Laser Therapy associated with Human Amniotic Membrane. The histopathological characteristics of the skin samples were analyzed 7 and 14 days after the burn. The data obtained were submitted to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: the histological analysis of the burn injuries showed a decrease in inflammation (p<0.0001) and an increase in proliferation of fibroblasts (p<0.0001) mainly at 7 days in all treatments related to the control group. At 14 days, the greater effectiveness in accelerating the healing process was significant (p<0.0001) in the Low-Level Laser Therapy group associated with the Human Amniotic Membrane. Conclusion: the association of photobiomodulation therapies with the Human Amniotic Membrane allowed verifying a reduction in the healing process time of the experimental lesions, stimulating its proposal as a treatment protocol in partial-thickness burns.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da fotobiomodulação com laser de baixa intensidade 660 nm isoladamente ou associada à membrana amniótica humana no reparo de queimaduras de espessura parcial em ratos. Método: estudo experimental com 48 ratos Wistar machos, randomizados em quatro grupos: Controle, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade e Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. As características histopatológicas das amostras de pele foram analisadas aos 7 e 14 dias após a queimadura. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e Mann Whitney. Resultados: a análise histológica das lesões por queimadura mostrou a diminuição da inflamação (p <0,0001) e aumento da proliferação de fibroblastos (p <0,0001), principalmente nos 7 dias em todos os tratamentos relacionados ao grupo controle. Aos 14 dias, a maior efetividade na aceleração do processo cicatricial foi significativa (p<0,0001) no grupo Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. Conclusão: a associação das terapias de fotobiomodulação à membrana amniótica humana permitiu comprovar redução no tempo do processo cicatricial das lesões experimentais, estimulando sua proposição como protocolo de tratamento em queimaduras de espessura parcial.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la fotobiomodulación con láser de baja intensidad 660 nm de sola o combinada con la membrana amniótica humana en la reparación de quemaduras de espesor parcial en ratas. Método: estudio experimental con 48 ratas Wistar macho, aleatorizadas en cuatro grupos: Control, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad y Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana. Las características histopatológicas de las muestras de piel fueron analizadas a los 7 y 14 días después de la quemadura. Los datos obtenidos fueron sometidos a las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y Mann-Whitney. Resultados: el análisis histológico de las lesiones por quemadura mostró una disminución de la inflamación (p <0,0001) y un aumento de la proliferación de fibroblastos (p <0,0001) principalmente a los 7 días en todos los tratamientos en comparación con el grupo control; a los 14 días, en el grupo de Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana la mayor efectividad en la aceleración del proceso de cicatrización fue significativa (p<0,0001). Conclusión: la asociación de terapias de fotobiomodulación con la membrana amniótica humana permitió comprobar que hubo una reducción en el tiempo del proceso de cicatrización de lesiones experimentales, lo cual favorece que se proponga como protocolo de tratamiento en quemaduras de espesor parcial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing , Burns/pathology , Burns/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Low-Level Light Therapy , Amnion/pathology
9.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(305): 9973-9977, nov.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1526237

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a eficácia do TEGUM® versus produto já utilizado na instituição na prevenção de radiodermites. Método: Estudo prospectivo, quantitativo, do tipo descritivo-exploratório em um hospital oncológico. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com o CAAE: 24278319.8.0000.0099. Resultados: Dos 88 pacientes, 96,6% tinham câncer de mama. Em média os pacientes passaram por 25 aplicações de radioterapia, sendo 92% tratados em acelerador linear e 8% em cobalto. Dos 88 pacientes, tivemos 51,1% no Braço 1 (produto à base de Aloe Vera) e 48,9% no Braço 2 (Tegum®), e após levantamento a prevenção de radiodermite foi efetiva em 70,5% dos pacientes em ambos os braços. Conclusão: Concluímos que é necessária a prevenção, visando a redução das radiodermites nos pacientes submetidos a radioterapia. Além de mais estudos que possam definir melhor essa reação, melhorando a qualidade de vida durante e após o término do tratamento oncológico.(AU)


TTo evaluate the effectiveness of TEGUM® versus the product already used in the institution in preventing radiodermatitis. Method: Prospective, quantitative, descriptive-exploratory study in an oncology hospital. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee with CAAE: 24278319.8.0000.0099. Results: Of the 88 patients, 96.6% had breast cancer. On average, patients underwent 25 radiotherapy applications, with 92% treated with linear accelerator and 8% with cobalt. Of the 88 patients, we had 51.1% in Arm 1 (Aloe Vera-based product) and 48.9% in Arm 2 (Tegum®), and after survey the prevention of radiodermatitis was effective in 70.5% of patients in both arms. Conclusion: We conclude that prevention is necessary, aiming to reduce radiodermatitis in patients undergoing radiotherapy. In addition to more studies that can better define this reaction, improving quality of life during and after the end of cancer treatment.(AU)


Evaluar la efectividad de TEGUM® versus el producto ya utilizado en la institución para prevenir la radiodermatitis. Método: Estudio prospectivo, cuantitativo, descriptivo-exploratorio en un hospital de oncología. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación con CAAE: 24278319.8.0000.0099. Resultados: De las 88 pacientes, el 96,6% presentó cáncer de mama. En promedio, los pacientes se sometieron a 25 aplicaciones de radioterapia, de las cuales el 92% fueron tratados con acelerador lineal y el 8% con cobalto. De los 88 pacientes, teníamos el 51,1 % en el grupo 1 (producto a base de aloe vera) y el 48,9 % en el grupo 2 (Tegum®), y después de la encuesta, la prevención de la radiodermatitis fue efectiva en el 70,5 % de los pacientes en ambos grupos. Conclusión: Concluimos que la prevención es necesaria, teniendo como objetivo reducir la radiodermatitis en pacientes sometidos a radioterapia. Además de más estudios que puedan definir mejor esta reacción, mejorando la calidad de vida durante y después de finalizar el tratamiento contra el cáncer.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiodermatitis , Skin , Office Nursing , Medical Oncology
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202796, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510077

ABSTRACT

La infiltración cutánea por células leucémicas conocida como leucemia cutis es una presentación infrecuente de esta patología y constituye un desafío diagnóstico. Los diagnósticos como infecciones, otras patologías neoplásicas con afectación cutánea y los trastornos histiocíticos, entre otros, constituyen los principales diagnósticos diferenciales, ya que configuran un escenario pronóstico y terapéutico diferente. Se presentan dos pacientes que fueron diagnosticados inicialmente como leucemia cutis, cuyo diagnóstico final fue de patologías no malignas.


The infiltration of leukemia cells into the skin, known as leukemia cutis, is a rare presentation of this disease and accounts for a diagnostic challenge. The main differential diagnoses include infections, other neoplastic diseases with skin involvement and histiocytic disorders, among others, as they entail different prognostic and therapeutic approaches. Here we describe two patients who were initially diagnosed with leukemia cutis, whose final diagnosis was of non-malignant diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Leukemia/diagnosis , Skin , Diagnosis, Differential
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 188-196, set 2023. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516244

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hansen's disease, or leprosy is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae), is a major public health problem in developing countries, and affecting the skin and peripheral nerves. However, M. leprae can also affect bone tissue, mucous membranes, liver, eyes, and testicles, producing a variety of clinical phenotypes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been expressed in the various clinical forms of leprosy and could potentially be used for its diagnosis. Objective: in silico design of the molecular structure of miRNAs expressed in leprosy. Methodology: we performed a nucleotide sequence search of 17 miRNAs expressed in leprosy, designing in silico the molecular structure of the following miRNAs: miRNA-26a, miRNA-27a, miRNA-27b, miRNA-29c, miRNA-34c, miRNA-92a-1, miRNA- 99a-2, miRNA-101-1, miRNA-101-2, miRNA-125b-1, miRNA-196b, miRNA-425-5p, miRNA-452, miRNA-455, miRNA-502, miRNA-539, and miRNA-660. We extracted the nucleotides were from the GenBank of National Center for Biotechnology Information genetic sequence database. We aligned the extracted sequences with the RNA Folding Form, and the three-dimensional molecular structure design was performed with the RNAComposer. Results: we demonstrate the nucleotide sequences, and molecular structure projection of miRNAs expressed in leprosy, and produces a tutorial on the molecular model of the 17 miRNAs expressed in leprosy through in silico projection processing of their molecular structures. Conclusion: we demonstrate in silico design of selected molecular structures of 17 miRNAs expressed in leprosy through computational biology.


Introdução: a doença de Hansen, ou hanseníase é causada pelo Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae), é um grande problema de saúde pública nos países em desenvolvimento e afeta, a pele e os nervos periféricos. Entretanto, o M. leprae também pode comprometer o tecido ósseo, membranas mucosas, fígado, olhos e testículos, produzindo uma variedade de fenótipos clínicos. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) têm sido expressos nas várias formas clínicas da hanseníase e podem ser potencialmente utilizados para seu diagnóstico. Objetivo: objetivou-se com esse experimento modelar computacionalmente a estrutura molecular dos miRNAs expressos na hanseníase. Metodologia: realizou-se como metodologia uma pesquisa das sequências nucleotídicas de 17 miRNAs expressos na hanseníase, desenhando em modelo computacional a estrutura molecular dos seguintes miRNAs: miRNA-26a, miRNA-27a, miRNA-27b, miRNA- 29c, miRNA-34c, miRNA-92a-1, miRNA-99a-2, miRNA-101-1, miRNA-101-2, miRNA-125b-1, miRNA-196b, miRNA-425-5p, miRNA-452, miRNA-455, miRNA-502, miRNA-539, e miRNA-660. Extraiu-se os nucleotídeos do banco de dados do GenBank of National Center for Biotechnology Information . Alinhou-se as sequências extraídas com o RNA Folding Form, e o projeto da estrutura molecular tridimensional foi realizado com o RNAComposer. Resultados: demonstrou-se como resultados as sequências dos nucleotídeos e a projeção da estrutura molecular dos miRNAs expressos na hanseníase, e produzimos um tutorial sobre o modelo molecular dos 17 miRNAs expressos em hanseníase através do processamento de suas estruturas moleculares em projeção computacional. Conclusão: foi demonstrado computacionalmente o projeto de estruturas moleculares selecionadas de 17 miRNAs expressos em hanseníase através da biologia computacional.


Subject(s)
Peripheral Nerves , Skin , Biomarkers , MicroRNAs , Leprosy , Mycobacterium leprae , Testis , Bone and Bones , Eye , Liver , Mucous Membrane
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 210-215, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430505

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Apocrine glands are sweat glands that are located in the skin of the dog. Anal sac apocrine, circunanal apocrine, and mammary glands are considered modified apocrine structures, and there are about nine possible types of neoplasms and other tumors in the apocrine glands of the dog and cat, including cysts, adenoma, carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. Thus, it is important to provide new markers to characterize these glands to improve the histopathological diagnosis. In this article, we describe the distribution of kallikrein- related peptidases 5, 7, 8, and 10 in the normal apocrine glands of the dog's skin. These proteases have been shown to play a fundamental role in the homeostasis of the human skin barrier but have been scarcely studied in canine skin.


Las glándulas apocrinas son glándulas sudoríparas que se encuentran en la piel del perro. Las glándulas apocrinas del saco anal, apocrinas circunanales y mamarias se consideran estructuras apocrinas modificadas, y existen alrededor de nueve tipos posibles de neoplasias y otros tumores en las glándulas apocrinas del perro y el gato, incluidos quistes, adenoma, carcinoma y adenocarcinoma. Por lo tanto, es importante proporcionar nuevos marcadores para caracterizar estas glándulas para mejorar el diagnóstico histopatológico. En este artículo, describimos la distribución de las peptidasas 5, 7, 8 y 10 relacionadas con la calicreína en las glándulas apocrinas normales de la piel del perro. Se ha demostrado que estas proteasas desempeñan un papel fundamental en la homeostasis de la barrera de la piel humana, pero apenas se han estudiado en la piel canina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Apocrine Glands/metabolism , Apocrine Glands/chemistry , Kallikreins/analysis , Kallikreins/metabolism , Skin , Immunohistochemistry
13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 359-369, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414884

ABSTRACT

Psoríase é uma dermatose de caráter inflamatório ligado a diversas composições do ser, sendo estas a genética, o sistema imune, o ambiente e o estado mental do paciente, apresentando evidências de ser um quadro clínico multifacetado. A composição da medicina psicossomática empenha-se na relação mental e emocional e do corpo, sendo importante mostrar a relação desta com a psoríase. Por isso, busca-se avaliar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre a relação entre a psoríase e os aspectos psicossomáticos. Foi realizado uma a revisão de literatura, por meio de seleção de artigos das base de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (PubMed/Medline), biblioteca virtual em saúde Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciElo), UpToDate e Google acadêmico. A busca por artigos científicos resultou em 20 artigos selecionados. Foi possível concluir, que há estudos fundamentados correlacionando a medicina psicossomática e a psoríase, além de que diversos fatores que afetam a homeostase corporal, provocam alterações nervosas, e consequentemente afetam as células da pele. Além disso, foi encontrado evidências que a estigmatização que os pacientes sofrem influenciam no aumento da gravidade da doença, sendo necessário a realização de um tratamento psico cognitivo-comportamental juntamente com o tratamento dos sinais e sintomas gerais da doença. Desta forma, o presente trabalho pôde olhar para a patologia com um olhar ampliado relacionado ao aspecto mental e emocional o que promove melhor compreensão e as consequências disto são a maior capacidade de intervenção sobre a psoríase.


Psoriasis is an inflammatory dermatosis linked to several compositions of the being, which are genetics, the immune system, the environment and the patient's mental state, that is, it shows evidence of being a multifaceted clinical picture. Since the composition of psychosomatic medicine is committed to the relationship between the mental, emotional, and body, it is important to show its relationship with psoriasis. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the available evidence in the literature on the relationship between psoriasis and psychosomatic aspects. A literature review was conducted by selecting articles from the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (PubMed/Medline), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciElo), UpToDate and Google Scholar databases. The search for scientific articles resulted in 20 selected articles. It was possible to conclude that there are well-founded studies correlating psychosomatic medicine and psoriasis, and that several factors that affect the body's homeostasis cause nervous alterations, and consequently affect the skin cells. Moreover, it was found evidence that the stigmatization that patients suffer influences the increase of the severity of the disease, being necessary the realization of a psycho cognitive-behavioral treatment along with the treatment of the general signs and symptoms of the disease. Thus, the present work could look at the pathology with a broader view related to the mental and emotional aspect, which promotes better understanding and the consequences of this are a greater ability to intervene on psoriasis.


La psoriasis es una dermatosis inflamatoria vinculada a varias composiciones del ser, que son la genética, el sistema inmunitario, el medio ambiente y el estado mental del paciente, es decir, muestra evidencias de ser un cuadro clínico multifacético. Dado que la composición de la medicina psicosomática está comprometida con la relación entre lo mental, lo emocional y el cuerpo, es importante mostrar su relación con la psoriasis. Por lo tanto, se buscó evaluar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre la relación entre la psoriasis y los aspectos psicosomáticos. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica seleccionando artículos de las bases de datos Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (PubMed/Medline), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciElo), UpToDate y Google Scholar. La búsqueda de artículos científicos dio como resultado 20 artículos seleccionados. Se pudo concluir que existen estudios bien fundamentados que correlacionan la medicina psicosomática y la psoriasis, y que diversos factores que afectan a la homeostasis del organismo provocan alteraciones nerviosas y, en consecuencia, afectan a las células de la piel. Además, se encontraron evidencias de que la estigmatización que sufren los pacientes influye en el aumento de la gravedad de la enfermedad, siendo necesaria la realización de un tratamiento psico cognitivo- conductual junto con el tratamiento de los signos y síntomas generales de la enfermedad. Así, el presente trabajo pudo contemplar la patología con una visión más amplia relacionada con el aspecto mental y emocional, lo que favorece una mejor comprensión y las consecuencias de ello son una mayor capacidad de intervención sobre la psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/pathology , Psoriasis/therapy , Psychosomatic Medicine , Psychological Distress , Skin/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Review , Database , Homeostasis
14.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 370-382, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414886

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As lesões por pressão (LPP) correspondem a danos na pele ou em tecidos moles encobertos, geralmente em áreas de proeminências ósseas, ou associado ao uso de dispositivo médico ou outro tipo de artefato. Diante disso, a enfermeira deve desenvolver sua prática, baseada em evidências científicas e priorizar a prevenção da formação das lesões na pele. Objetivo: Relatar a experiência de estudantes de Enfermagem sobre o desenvolvimento de ações de promoção do cuidado seguro relacionado à prevenção de LPP em pacientes internados em um hospital público pediátrico na Bahia. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo de caráter descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, realizado por seis estudantes de Enfermagem em um hospital estadual pediátrico localizado no estado da Bahia, no período de novembro 2022. Principais resultados: Percebeu-se que existem profissionais de enfermagem que possuem interesse em obter mais conhecimento sobre o assunto, porém ainda há lacunas de conhecimento por parte da equipe sobre alguns assuntos abordados, tais como a escala de Braden e a utilização do colchão caixa de ovo para todas as faixas etárias. Foi possível perceber que os passos para prevenir a lesão por pressão não são cumpridos por parte da equipe e isso pode dificultar a prevenção das lesões de forma efetiva. Conclusão: Recomenda-se, portanto, que as unidades assistenciais, juntamente com suas respectivas coordenadoras, realizem ações contínuas de educação permanente, a fim de contribuir para uma melhor qualificação profissional, promovendo, acima de tudo, a segurança do paciente.


Introduction: Pressure lesions (PPL) correspond to damage to the skin or covert soft tissue, usually in areas of bony prominence, or associated with the use of a medical device or other type of artifact. Therefore, nurses should develop their practice, based on scientific evidence and prioritize the prevention of skin lesion formation. Objective: To report the experience of nursing students on the development of actions to promote safe care related to the prevention of PPL in patients admitted to a pediatric public hospital in Bahia. Methodology: This is a descriptive study, of the type of experience report, conducted by six nursing students in a pediatric state hospital located in the state of Bahia, in the period of November 2022. Main results: It was noticed that there are nursing professionals who have an interest in obtaining more knowledge about the subject, but there are still gaps in knowledge on the part of the team on some subjects addressed, such as the Braden scale and the use of the egg box mattress for all age groups. It was possible to notice that the steps to prevent pressure injury are not met by the team and this can hinder the prevention of injuries effectively. Conclusion: It is recommended, therefore, that the care units, together with their respective coordinators, carry out continuous actions of continuing education, in order to contribute to a better professional qualification, promoting, above all, patient safety.


Introducción: Las lesiones por presión (LPP) corresponden a lesiones en la piel o tejidos blandos encubiertos, generalmente en zonas de prominencia ósea, o asociadas al uso de un dispositivo médico u otro tipo de artefacto. Por ello, el personal de enfermería debe desarrollar su práctica, basándose en la evidencia científica y priorizando la prevención de la formación de lesiones cutáneas. Objetivo: Relatar la experiencia de estudiantes de enfermería sobre el desarrollo de acciones para promover cuidados seguros relacionados a la prevención de PPL en pacientes internados en un hospital público pediátrico de Bahía. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, del tipo relato de experiencia, realizado por seis estudiantes de enfermería en un hospital público pediátrico localizado en el estado de Bahía, en el período de noviembre de 2022. Principales resultados: Se observó que hay profesionales de enfermería que tienen interés en obtener más conocimientos sobre el tema, pero todavía hay lagunas de conocimiento por parte del equipo en algunos temas abordados, como la escala de Braden y el uso del colchón caja de huevos para todos los grupos de edad. Se pudo notar que los pasos para prevenir lesiones por presión no son cumplidos por el equipo y esto puede dificultar la prevención de lesiones de forma efectiva. Conclusiones: Se recomienda, por lo tanto, que las unidades asistenciales, junto con sus respectivos coordinadores, realicen acciones continuas de formación continuada, con el fin de contribuir a una mejor cualificación profesional, promoviendo, sobre todo, la seguridad del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Skin/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Pressure Ulcer/nursing , Pediatrics , Professional Practice , Patient Safety , Case Reports as Topic , Health Promotion , Nurse Practitioners/education , Nurses , Nursing Care/methods
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248738, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431135

ABSTRACT

A recuperação de vítimas de queimaduras é longa e dolorosa e afeta diversas esferas da vida do paciente. A resiliência, que se refere à capacidade humana de enfrentar e se adaptar a eventos adversos, exerce grande importância no processo de recuperação da queimadura. Logo, este trabalho objetiva avaliar a capacidade de resiliência de pacientes queimados, no momento da admissão e da alta hospitalar, em um hospital de emergência e urgência de Goiânia. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal que utiliza a Escala de Resiliência de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) como instrumento de mensuração. Na admissão hospitalar, a média da resiliência foi de 71,35, tendo sido observada uma relação significativa entre o fator Amparo da escala CD-RISC e a presença do(a) companheiro(a). O escore de resiliência encontrado nesta pesquisa é consistente com outros achados da literatura científica internacional e nacional referente à expressão da resiliência em vítimas de queimaduras e outros adoecimentos. A relação entre o fator Amparo e a presença de um(a) companheiro(a) enfatiza a importância da rede de apoio familiar na reabilitação do paciente queimado.(AU)


The recovery of burned patients is long and painful and impacts on different areas of people's lives. Resilience, which refers to the human capacity to face and adapt to adverse events, plays a major role in the process of recovery from burns. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the resilience of burned patients, on admission and hospital discharge, in an emergency and urgency hospital in Goiânia. This is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study that uses the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD RISC) as a measuring instrument. At hospital admission, the mean resilience was 71.35, with a significant association between the Support factor on the CD RISC scale and the presence of a partner. The resilience score found in the present study is consistent with other findings in the international and national scientific literature regarding the expression of resilience in victims of burns and other illnesses. The relationship between the Support factor and the presence of a partner emphasizes the importance of the family support network in the rehabilitation of the burned patient.(AU)


La recuperación de los pacientes quemados es larga y dolorosa e impacta en diferentes esferas de la vida de las personas. La resiliencia, que se refiere a la capacidad humana para enfrentar y adaptarse a eventos adversos, juega un papel importante en el proceso de recuperación de las quemaduras. Por tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la resiliencia de los pacientes quemados, en el momento del ingreso y el alta, en un hospital de emergencia y urgencia en Goiânia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y transversal que utiliza la Escala de Resiliencia Connor-Davidson (CD RISC) como instrumento de medida. Al ingreso hospitalario, la resiliencia media fue de 71,35, con associación significativa entre el factor Amparo de la escala CD RISC y la presencia de pareja. El puntaje de resiliencia encontrado en el presente estudio es consistente con otros hallazgos en la literatura científica nacional e internacional sobre la expresión de resiliencia en víctimas de quemaduras y otras enfermedades. La relación entre el factor Amparo y la presencia de pareja enfatiza la importancia de la red de apoyo familiar en la rehabilitación del paciente quemado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Social Support , Burns , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety Disorders , Pain , Preceptorship , Prejudice , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Recovery Room , Rehabilitation Centers , Safety , Self Concept , Skin , Social Perception , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , General Surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Tissues , Baths , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Technical Cooperation , Unified Health System , Body Image , Traumatology , Burn Units , Burns, Chemical , Burns, Electric , Accidents, Home , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Explosive Wastes , Inflammable Wastes , Mental Health , Morbidity , Cicatrix , Nursing , Panic Disorder , Employment, Supported , Statistics, Nonparametric , Human Body , Intuition , Wit and Humor , Hydrogels , Counseling , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Death , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Depression , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Empathy , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics , Breakthrough Pain , Activation, Metabolic , Physical Appearance, Body , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Accidental Injuries , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Functional Status , Self-Compassion , Accident Prevention , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Homicide , Amputation, Traumatic , Hospitalization , Individuality , Intensive Care Units , Interpersonal Relations , Life Change Events , Mental Disorders , Negativism , Nursing Assistants , Nursing Care
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e246660, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422419

ABSTRACT

Objetivamos reconstruir, por meio das vozes de mães de jovens negros mortos em ações policiais, a subtração da vida de seus filhos em contínuas políticas que precarizavam suas existências ao negar-lhes direitos básicos e cidadania. Participaram desta pesquisa seis mães. As conversas com elas, após cuidadosa aproximação, se iniciaram com a pergunta disparadora: "Como você gostaria de contar a história do seu filho?". Para subsidiar nossas análises, tomamos como centrais a articulação teórica e política das noções de genocídio negro e de necropolítica. Este artigo evidencia que, entre o nascimento e a interrupção da vida por balas que atravessam o corpo como um alvo predestinado, o racismo constrói trilhos de precarização da vida que a torna cada vez mais abjeta, vulnerável e descartável, conduzindo à morte precoce, ainda que preveníveis, de jovens negros, principalmente, residentes em periferias e favelas. Nesta discussão, fomentamos uma visão menos compartimentalizada das múltiplas políticas genocidas, trazendo para o diálogo outras políticas públicas, para além da segurança pública. Abordamos um continuum de produção e legitimação de mortes de jovens negros, centrando nossas análises nas formas de apagamento social e institucional desses jovens, que ocorreram anteriormente à morte física, de modo a desqualificar suas vidas. Esses processos contribuem para que a política de segurança pública extermine vidas de jovens negros sem causar ampla comoção social, a devida investigação criminal e, portanto, a responsabilização do Estado, pois já eram vidas mutiladas e desumanizadas em suas existências.(AU)


We aim to reconstruct, with the voices of mothers of young black people killed in police actions, the subtraction of their children's lives in continuous policies that undermined their existence by denying them basic rights and citizenship. Six mothers participated in this research. The conversations with them, after a careful approach, began with the triggering question: "How would you like to tell your child's story?". To support our analyses, we take as central the theoretical and political articulation of the notions of black genocide and necropolitics. This article shows that, between the birth and the interruption of life by bullets that pass through the body as a predestined target, racism builds trails of precariousness of life that makes it increasingly more abject, vulnerable, and disposable, leading to premature death, even if preventable, of young black people, mainly, living in suburbs and slums. In this discussion, we foster a less compartmentalized view of multiple genocidal policies, bringing to the dialogue other public policies, in addition to public safety. We approach a continuum of production and legitimization of deaths of young black people, centering our analysis on the forms of social and institutional erasure of these young people, which occurred before physical death, to disqualify their lives. These processes contribute to the public security policy to exterminate the lives of young black people without causing widespread social upheaval, due criminal investigation, and, thus, the accountability of the State, since they were already mutilated and dehumanized lives in their existence.(AU)


El objetivo de este artículo es reconstruir, a través de las voces de las madres de jóvenes negros asesinados en acciones policiales, la sustracción de la vida de sus hijos en políticas continuas que socavaron su existencia al negarles derechos básicos y ciudadanía. Seis madres participaron en esta investigación. Las conversaciones con estas madres, después de un enfoque cuidadoso, comenzaron con la pregunta desencadenante: "¿Cómo le gustaría contar la historia de su hijo?". Para apoyar el análisis, se tomó como eje central la articulación teórica y política de las nociones de genocidio negro y necropolítica. Este artículo muestra que, entre el nacimiento y la interrupción de la vida por balas que atraviesan el cuerpo como fin predestinado, el racismo construye senderos de precariedad de la vida que la hace cada vez más abyecta, vulnerable y desechable, conduciendo a una muerte prematura, incluso prevenible, de jóvenes negros, principalmente, residentes en la periferia y favelas. Esta discusión fomenta una visión menos compartimentada de múltiples políticas genocidas, llevando al diálogo otras políticas públicas, además de la seguridad pública. Se acerca a un continuo de producción y legitimación de muertes de jóvenes negros, centrando el análisis en las formas de borrado social e institucional de estos jóvenes, ocurridas antes de la muerte física, para descalificar sus vidas. Tales procesos contribuyen a la política de seguridad pública para exterminar la vida de los jóvenes negros sin provocar un gran revuelo social, la debida investigación criminal y, en consecuencia, la rendición de cuentas del Estado, pues ya eran vidas cuya existencia era mutilada y deshumanizada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Public Policy , Women , Adolescent , Racism , Genocide , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Race Relations , Scapegoating , Skin , Social Behavior , Social Justice , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Support , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stereotyping , Violence , Child Labor , Emergency Feeding , Unified Health System , Brazil , Bereavement , Illicit Drugs , Child Advocacy , Nutrition Policy , Colonialism , Cultural Diversity , Address , Statistics , Criminal Law , Hazards , Culture , Adolescent Health , Whistleblowing , Dehumanization , Aggression , Disasters , Education , Educational Status , Employment , Population Studies in Public Health , Ethics , Fear , Social Stigma , Social Discrimination , Hope , Enslavement , Sociological Factors , Pessimism , Underage Drinking , Help-Seeking Behavior , Social Segregation , Political Activism , Academic Failure , Ethnic Inequality , Social Privilege , Cultural Diffusion , Freedom , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Disgust , Respect , Empowerment , Social Factors , Systemic Racism , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Residential Segregation , Hate , Homicide , Hostility , Human Rights , Acculturation , Income , Anger , Loneliness , Mothers
17.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441834

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atresia pilórica es una afección rara, que en el 40-50 por ciento de los casos se asocia a otras anomalías, frecuentemente con la epidermolisis bullosa, asociación conocida como síndrome de Carmi. Objetivo: Informar sobre la evolución de una paciente tratada por atresia pilórica que tenía además una epidermolisis bullosa. Presentación del caso: Recién nacida con antecedentes prenatales de polihidramnios, parto eutócico a las 30,4 semanas, sepsis ovular materna, peso al nacer 1430 gramos; múltiples lesiones en piel, ampollosas y aplasia cutis en pierna izquierda. Se ventiló desde sala de partos, La paciente no toleró la alimentación enteral mínima. Se realizó estudio radiográfico y no se visualizó paso de contraste al píloro. Se diagnosticó una atresia pilórica y se operó al cuarto día de nacida. La paciente tenía una atresia pilórica tipo 2: sustitución del tejido pilórico por tejido fibroso. Se hizo una gastroduodenostomía. En su evolución se incrementaron por día las lesiones en piel, y tuvo reapertura del ductus arterioso, trastornos hidroelectrolíticos, y hemidinámicos que provocaron el fallecimiento a los 14 días de nacida. Conclusiones: La atresia pilórica es una afección muy rara, que debe tenerse en cuenta en recién nacidos con epidermolisis bullosa por la frecuente asociación entre estas dos afecciones; además, cuando existen antecedentes de polihidramnios y no tolerancia a la alimentación enteral. Los pacientes con la asociación atresia pilórica y epidermolisis bullosa generalmente presentan una evolución desfavorable(AU)


Introduction: Pyloric atresia is a rare condition, which in 40-50 percent of cases is associated with other anomalies, often with epidermolysis bullosa, an association known as Carmi syndrome. Objective: To report on the evolution of a patient treated due to pyloric atresia who also had epidermolysis bullosa. Case presentation: Female newborn with prenatal history of polyhydramnios, eutocic delivery at 30.4 weeks, maternal ovular sepsis, birth weight 1430 grams, with multiple skin lesions, blisters and aplasia cutis in the left leg. She was ventilated from the delivery room. The patient did not tolerate minimal enteral feeding. A radiographic study was performed and no contrast passage to the pylorus was visualized. Pyloric atresia was diagnosed and operated on the fourth day of birth. The patient had pyloric atresia type 2: replacement of pyloric tissue by fibrous tissue. A gastroduodenostomy was done. In its evolution, skin lesions increased per day and reopening of the ductus arteriosus was performed, she had hydroelectrolyte disorders, and hemidynamic disorders that caused death at 14 days of birth. Conclusions: Pyloric atresia is a very rare condition, which should be taken into account in newborns with epidermolysis bullosa due to the frequent association between these two conditions, also when there is a history of polyhydramnios and no tolerance to enteral feeding. Patients with pyloric atresia and epidermolysis bullosa usually have an unfavorable outcome(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pyloric Stenosis/surgery , Gastroenterostomy/methods , Clinical Evolution , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Fatal Outcome , Skin/injuries
18.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515287

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ictiosis vulgar y el síndrome de Ehlers Danlos tipo clásico integran dos genodermatosis que presentan en común un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante, pero muestran manifestaciones clínicas variadas. Es infrecuente encontrar concomitancia de ambas dermatosis en un mismo paciente, y cuando ocurre la heterogeneidad clínica hace complejo el diagnóstico. Objetivo: Exponer un caso que presentó ictiosis vulgar asociada con el síndrome de Ehlers Danlos tipo clásico, en el que el análisis del árbol genealógico contribuyó a orientar el diagnóstico. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 10 años de edad, atendida en la consulta especializada de genodermatosis en Las Tunas. Presentaba, desde edades tempranas, lesiones escamosas localizadas en las piernas y brazos, y que empeoraban durante el invierno. Desde los nueve años comenzó a mostrar luxaciones frecuentes de hombro derecho e hiperextensibilidad de la piel. Constaban antecedentes familiares de piel escamosa en miembros de la familia materna e hipermovilidad articular en varios miembros de la familia paterna: El árbol genealógico contribuyó a orientar el diagnóstico y a realizar la atención médica adecuada. Conclusiones: Se trató un caso interesante porque resulta infrecuente encontrar en un mismo paciente dos enfermedades genéticas, lo cual implicó dificultades en el momento de confirmar el diagnóstico, así como su atención. A este diagnóstico, en el caso de ambas genodermatosis, contribuyó el análisis del árbol genealógico familiar, herramienta fundamental en la determinación de enfermedades genéticas(AU)


Introduction: Ichthyosis vulgaris and Ehlers Danlos syndrome classic type comprise two genodermatoses that share an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, but show varied clinical manifestations. It is rare to find concomitance of both dermatoses in the same patient, and when this occurs the clinical heterogeneity makes the diagnosis complex. Objective: To present a case of ichthyosis vulgaris associated with classic Ehlers Danlos syndrome, in which analysis of the family tree helped to guide the diagnosis. Case presentation: 10-year-old female patient seen at the specialised genodermatosis clinic in Las Tunas. She presented, from an early age, with scaly lesions located on the legs and arms, which worsened during the winter. From the age of nine he began to show frequent dislocations of the right shoulder and hyperextensibility of the skin. There was a family history of scaly skin in members of the maternal family and joint hypermobility in several members of the paternal family: the family tree helped to guide the diagnosis and appropriate medical care. Conclusions: This was an interesting case because it is rare to find two genetic diseases in the same patient, which implied difficulties at the time of confirming the diagnosis, as well as its care. The analysis of the family tree, a fundamental tool in the determination of genetic diseases, contributed to this diagnosis in the case of both genodermatoses(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Skin/injuries , Skin Diseases/genetics , Ichthyosis Vulgaris/diagnosis , Ichthyosis/classification , Shoulder Dislocation , Medical History Taking/methods
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22643, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Methotrexate on its oral and intravenous administration results in unwanted adverse effects. This drawback can be overcome by transdermal delivery because of its painless objective for systemic drug administration. Transfersomes are ultra-deformable vesicles with the flexibility to reach deeper tissues of the skin. The objective of this research work was to develop methotrexate transfersomal gel by thin film hydration technique, evaluated for entrapment efficiency, deformability, mean vesicle size, and stability, and incorporated into carbopol gel for ease of handling and skin applicability for a longer period of retention on skin. MTX-TFS gel & conventional gel were characterized for consistency, transparency, viscosity, and pH. Ex-vivo skin permeation studies were performed using abdominal goat skin and drug release kinetic parameters and transdermal flux were calculated using mathematical models. The results indicate that MTX was successfully entrapped (84.77 ± 2.35 %w/w) in transfersomes having 240±1.6 nm vesicle sizes and 27.13±0.7 deformability index. The gel was permeated through the skin at a rate of 28.12±2.58 µg/cm2/hr as compared to the conventional gel (10.35±2.14 µg/cm2/ hr). From the study, it was concluded that the MTX-TFS gel can be used as a possible substitute for the conventional formulation for transdermal drug delivery due to 3 times improvement in transdermal flux.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Skin , Administration, Intravenous/classification
20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21920, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439531

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report here microemulsions (MEs) for topical delivery of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) for Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) of skin cancers. Selected MEs consisting of Oil/Water (O/W) bicontinuous (BC) and Water/Oil (W/O) preparations were characterized as to pH, nanometric size, zeta potential, drug content, and viscosity. Sustained in vitro PpIX release was achieved from MEs 2A (O/W), 10B (BC) and 16B (W/O) through an artificial membrane for up to 24 h, characterizing MEs as drug delivery systems. None of these MEs showed permeation through the skin, demonstrating the required topical effect. After 4 h, in vitro retention of PpIX in the stratum corneum (SC) was higher from both ME 10B and control (PpIX at 60 µg/mL in PEG 300). However, in the Epidermis + Dermis ([Ep + D]), retention from ME 10B and ME 16B was ~40 times higher compared to control. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) showed higher fluorescence intensity in the SC for both control and ME 10B, whereas ME 10B fluorescence was higher in [Ep+D]. The results indicate that ME 10B is suitable for PpIX encapsulation, showing good characteristics and a localized effect for a potential delivery system for PDT-associated treatments of skin cancers.


Subject(s)
Photochemotherapy/adverse effects , Protoporphyrins/agonists , Skin/injuries , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Confocal/methods , Dermis/abnormalities
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