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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 34483, 2024 abr. 30. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar a correlação entre a ansiedade com qualidade do sono e sonolência diurna dos estudantes universitários em curso de graduação em enfermagem, assim como caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico dos estudantes. Metodologia:Estudodescritivo transversalcom abordagem quantitativa envolvendo 255 acadêmicos do curso de Enfermagem de uma instituição privada. A coleta dos dados ocorreu em Outubro de 2022 em salas de aula. Os instrumentos utilizados na coleta dos dados foram o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck,Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh, Escala de Sonolência de Epwort-th e um questionário sociodemográfico. Utilizou-se o software estatístico R versão 4.0.2 e foram feitas suas correlações. Resultados: Foram encontrados padrões de ansiedade grave, com níveis de sonolência diurna anormal. A correlação entre o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beckcom a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e o Índice de Qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh, que embora tenha sido considerada fraca a moderada, por sua vez mostrou-se significativa (r=0,29; p=0,01). Ademais, temos que, a relação entre oinventário de Becke o Índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh mostrou-se também com valor de significância (r=0,35; p=0,01). Conclusões:Foi possível compreender que a ansiedade pode interferir na qualidade do sono e sonolência diurna do público de estudantes de Enfermagem (AU).


Objective: To evaluate the correlation between anxiety and sleep quality and daytime sleepiness among undergraduate nursing students, as well as to characterize the students' sociodemographic profile. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach involving 255 nursing students from a private institution. Data collection took place in October 2022 in classrooms. The instruments used to collect the data were the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epwort-Th Sleepiness Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Statistical software R version 4.0.2 was used and correlations were made. Results:Patterns of severe anxiety were found, with abnormal levels of daytime sleepiness. The correlation between the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, although considered weak to moderate, was significant (r=0.29; p=0.01). Furthermore, the relationship between the Beck Inventory and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was also found to be significant (r=0.35; p=0.01). Conclusions:It was possible to understand that anxiety can interfere with the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness among nursing students (AU).


Objetivo:Evaluar la correlación entre la ansiedad y la calidad del sueño y la somnolencia diurna en estudiantes universitarios de enfermería, así como caracterizar el perfil sociodemográfico de los estudiantes. Metodología:Estudio descriptivo transversal con enfoque cuantitativo en el que participaron 255 estudiantes universitarios de enfermería de una institución privada. La recogida de datos tuvo lugar en octubre de 2022 en las aulas. Los instrumentos utilizados para la recogida de datos fueron el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, la Escala de Somnolencia de Epwort-Th y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se utilizó el software estadístico R versión 4.0.2 y se realizaron correlaciones. Resultados:Se encontraron patrones de ansiedad severa, con niveles anormales de somnolencia diurna. La correlación entre el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck con la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, aunque se consideró de débil a moderada, fue significativa (r=0,29; p=0,01). Además, la relación entre el Inventario de Beck y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh también resultó significativa (r=0,35; p=0,01). Conclusiones: Se pudo comprender que la ansiedad puede interferir en la calidad del sueño y en la somnolencia diurna de los estudiantes de enfermería (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Students, Nursing , Sleep Quality , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence/psychology , Sleep Wake Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Social Determinants of Health , Sociodemographic Factors
2.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(1): 29-41, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1525618

ABSTRACT

Background: Brain Fag Syndrome (BFS) is a culture-bound syndrome characterized by cognitive and somatic symptoms, commonly reported among African students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of BFS among Nigerian university students and examine its associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate students from a university in the northwest region of Nigeria. The study utilized a self-administered questionnaire to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, stimulant use, course of study, and academic performance. The presence of BFS was assessed using standardized diagnostic criteria. Results:The study included a total of 625 participants, in their young adulthood. The prevalence of BFS among Nigerian university students was found to be 62.7%. The majority of affected students were aged 20-30, male, and from the Hausa ethnic group. No significant association was found between stimulant use and BFS. However, there was a significant relationship between the course of study and the occurrence of BFS. Academic performance (CGPA) showed a weak negative association with BFS. Other socio-demographic factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, relationship status, birth position, type of home, and family income did not predict the occurrence of BFS. Conclusion: The high prevalence highlights the need for attention to mental health issues among this population. The results emphasize the importance of considering the course of study and academic performance when studying BFS. Further research is warranted to explore the underlying mechanisms and develop effective interventions for students affected by BFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychophysiologic Disorders , Sleep Wake Disorders , Mental Health , Cognition Disorders , Academic Performance
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3795, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424040

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to analyze the factors related to sleep disorders reported by Nursing professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: this is a cross-sectional and analytical study conducted with Nursing professionals from all Brazilian regions. Sociodemographic data, working conditions and questions about sleep disorders were collected. The Poisson regression model with repeated measures was used to estimate the Relative Risk. Results: 572 answers were analyzed, which revealed that non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality and dreams about the work environment were predominant during the pandemic, with 75.2%, 67.1% and 66.8% respectively; as well as complaints of difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep during the pandemic were reported by 523 (91.4%), 440 (76.9%) and 419 (73.2%) of the Nursing professionals, respectively. The relative risk of having such sleep disorders during the pandemic was significant for all variables and categories studied. Conclusion: non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality, dreams about the work environment, complaints regarding difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep were the predominant sleep disorders among Nursing professionals during the pandemic. Such findings point to possible consequences on health, as well as on the quality of the work performed.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar os fatores relacionados às alterações no sono relatadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal e analítico, realizado com profissionais de enfermagem de todas as regiões do Brasil. Foram coletados dados de caracterização sociodemográfica, condições de trabalho e questões sobre alterações de sono. Para estimar o Risco Relativo foi utilizado o modelo de regressão de Poisson com medidas repetidas. Resultados: foram analisadas 572 respostas, as quais revelaram que a duração não ideal do sono, a má qualidade do sono e os sonhos com o ambiente de trabalho foram predominantes durante a pandemia, com 75,2%, 67,1% e 66,8% respectivamente, assim como as queixas de dificuldade ao dormir, sonolência diurna e sono não restaurador durante a pandemia foram relatadas por 523 (91,4%), 440 (76,9%) e 419 (73,2%) dos profissionais de enfermagem, respectivamente. O risco relativo de apresentar tais alterações de sono, durante a pandemia foi significativo para todas as variáveis e as categorias estudadas. Conclusão: duração não ideal do sono, má qualidade do sono, sonhos com o ambiente de trabalho, queixas de dificuldade ao dormir, sonolência diurna e sono não restaurador foram as alterações do sono predominantes entre os profissionais de enfermagem durante a pandemia. Estes achados apontam para possíveis consequências na saúde, bem como na qualidade do trabalho realizado.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar los factores relacionados con los trastornos del sueño que informaron los profesionales de enfermería durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: se trata de un estudio transversal y analítico realizado con profesionales de enfermería de todas las regiones de Brasil. Se recolectaron datos sobre caracterización sociodemográfica, condiciones de trabajo y preguntas sobre trastornos del sueño. Para estimar el Riesgo Relativo se utilizó el modelo de regresión de Poisson con medidas repetidas. Resultados: se analizaron 572 respuestas, que revelaron que durante la pandemia predominaron la duración del sueño no ideal, la mala calidad del sueño y los sueños sobre el ambiente laboral, con 75,2%, 67,1% y 66,8% respectivamente, además 523 (91,4%), 440 (76,9%) y 419 (73,2%) profesionales de enfermería manifestaron quejas de dificultad para conciliar el sueño, somnolencia diurna y sueño no reparador durante la pandemia, respectivamente. El riesgo relativo de padecer trastornos del sueño durante la pandemia fue significativo para todas las variables y categorías estudiadas. Conclusión: la duración del sueño no ideal, la mala calidad del sueño, los sueños sobre el ambiente laboral, las quejas de dificultad para conciliar el sueño, la somnolencia diurna y el sueño no reparador fueron los trastornos del sueño predominantes en los profesionales de enfermería durante la pandemia. Estos hallazgos indican posibles consecuencias para la salud, así como para la calidad del trabajo realizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , COVID-19/epidemiology , Nurse Practitioners
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 46-52, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428069

ABSTRACT

O envelhecimento bucal precoce apresenta cada vez uma maior incidência nos consultórios odontológicos e sua degradação aos tecidos orais exige uma atenção por parte do cirurgiãodentista devido ao seu alto grau de complexidade. Esse envelhecimento precoce é causado principalmente por hábitos parafuncionais, dieta ou ambos. Suas consequências são desgastes patológicos dos tecidos dentários, extrusão passiva, perda de dimensão vertical e comprometimento estético e funcional. Por conta disso, o presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar um relato de caso clínico em um paciente jovem e com queixa estética como consequência de hábitos parafuncionais, aonde foram realizados uma reabilitação oral envolvendo aumento da dimensão vertical de oclusão através de Table Tops sem desgastes dentários e restaurações estéticas, ambas com resina composta. Essa reabilitação devolveu a DVO da paciente, trazendo conforto, contatos estáveis, guias de desoclusão e satisfação estética e funcional por parte da paciente(AU)


Early oral aging has an increasing incidence in dental offices and its degradation to oral tissues requires attention from the dentist due to its high degree of complexity. This premature aging is mainly caused by parafunctional habits, diet, or both. Its consequences are pathological wear of dental tissues, passive extrusion, loss of vertical dimension and aesthetic and functional impairment. Because of this, the present study aims to carry out a clinical case report in a young patient with an aesthetic complaint as a result of parafunctional habits, where an oral rehabilitation was carried out involving an increase in the vertical dimension of occlusion through Table Tops without dental wear and aesthetic restorations, both with composite resin. This rehabilitation returned the patient's OVD, bringing comfort, stable contacts, disocclusion guides and aesthetic and functional satisfaction on the part of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aging , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Mouth , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress, Physiological , Vertical Dimension , Bruxism , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Aging, Premature , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Wear
5.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e56268, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436311

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Diferentes condições clínicas podem afetar a quantidade e a qualidade do sono. As medidas de higiene do sono interferem diretamente na qualidade deste. Elas podem ser propagadas à população por meio de aplicativos. Objetivo: Desenvolver, avaliar e disponibilizar um aplicativo que contemple as medidas de higiene do sono e que seja capaz de gerar mudança e verificar a ocorrência de sonolência diurna excessiva. Metodologia: O aplicativo "Somnum" foi desenvolvido e 26 fonoaudiólogos certificados em Sono pela Associação Brasileira do Sono foram convidados a avaliar usando o questionário Emory e outro questionário elaborado pelas autoras. Após, 38 estudantes usaram o aplicativo e responderam antes e depois do uso o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh e a Escala de Epworth. Resultados: Após seu desenvolvimento, o aplicativo foi avaliado por 4 fonoaudiólogas que contribuíram com suas sugestões e 38 universitários participaram respondendo os questionários, sendo que 6 deles participaram antes e após o uso do aplicativo. Sobre o Índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh, foi observado na análise estatística, comparando o antes e após o uso do aplicativo, melhora da qualidade de sono (p=0,04). No que se refere ao questionário Epworth, foi verificado na situação após o uso do aplicativo "Somnum", que não houve diferença significativa. Conclusão: Após o uso do aplicativo, verificou-se possível melhora na qualidade de sono. Houve ocorrência de sonolência diurna excessiva. (AU)


Introduction: Different clinical conditions can affect the quantity and quality of sleep. Sleep hygiene measures directly affect the quality of sleep. They can be disseminated to the population by means of applications. Objective: To develop, evaluate and make available an application that approach sleep hygiene and that is able to generate changes and verify the occurrence of excessive daytime sleepiness. Methodology: The application "Somnum" was developed and 26 speech therapists certified in sleep by the Brazilian Sleep Association were invited to evaluate it using the Emory questionnaire and another questionnaire developed by the authors. Afterwards, 38 students used the application and answered before and after the use the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Scale. Results: After its development, the app was evaluated by 4 speech therapists who contributed with their suggestions, and 38 university students participated by answering the questionnaires, 6 of them before and after the use of the application. In the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, it was observed in the statistical analysis, comparing before and after using the application, improvement in sleep quality (p=0.04). In the Epworth questionnaire, it was verified in the situation after using the "Somnum" application, that there was not significant difference. Conclusion: After using the application, there was a possible improvement in sleep quality. There was occurrence of excessive daytime sleepiness. (AU)


Introducción: Diferentes condiciones clínicas pueden afectar a la cantidad y calidad del sueño. Las medidas de higiene del sueño afectan directamente a la calidad del mismo. Pueden propagarse a la población mediante aplicaciones. Objetivo: Desarrollar, evaluar y poner a disposición una aplicación que incluya medidas de higiene del sueño y que sea capaz de generar cambios y verificar la aparición de somnolencia diurna excesiva. Metodología: Se desarrolló la aplicación "Somnum" y se invitó a 26 fonoaudiólogos certificados en soeño por la Asociación Brasileña del Sonido a evaluarla utilizando el cuestionario Emory y otro cuestionario elaborado por los autores. Posteriormente, 38 estudiantes utilizaron la aplicación y respondieron antes y después del uso de la misma al Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y a la Escala de Epworth. Resultados: Tras su desarrollo, la aplicación fue evaluada por 4 fonoaudiólogos que aportaron sus sugerencias y 38 estudiantes universitarios participaron respondiendo a los cuestionarios, 6 de ellos antes y después del uso de la aplicación. Sobre el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, se observó en el análisis estadístico, comparando antes y después del uso de la aplicación, mejoría en la calidad del sueño (p=0,04). Con respecto al cuestionario de Epworth, se verificó en la situación posterior al uso de la aplicación "Somnum", que no hubo diferencia significativa. Conclusión:Después de usar la aplicación, hubo uma posible mejora em la calidad del sueño. Hubo ocurrencia de somnolencia diurna excesiva. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Smartphone , Sleep Hygiene , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Students, Health Occupations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
6.
Univ. salud ; 25(1): 7-14, ene.-abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1424732

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La calidad del sueño tiene efectos en la salud física y mental, su alteración en estudiantes universitarios dificulta los procesos de memoria, concentración y capacidad de aprendizaje. En Colombia los estudios de sueño se centran principalmente en estudiantes de medicina y enfermería, y muy pocos identifican su relación con la carga académica. Objetivo: Describir los cambios en la calidad del sueño durante un semestre académico y acorde al ciclo de formación en universitarios de una facultad de salud y rehabilitación de Cali, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, prospectivo mediante la aplicación del Índice de calidad del sueño de Pittsburgh al inicio y cierre del semestre a 241 estudiantes de Fisioterapia, Nutrición y Terapia ocupacional. Resultados: La mayoría de participantes eran mujeres, de 20 años o menos y de estratos socioeconómicos medio y bajo. Al inicio del semestre el 76,35% de estudiantes dormían 7 horas o más y al final se redujo al 49,79%. Al inicio del estudio el 24,90% presentaban mala calidad del sueño y al final la cifra ascendió a 54,36%. Conclusiones: Se presentó un incremento significativo de mala calidad del sueño al final del semestre académico, siendo mayor el cambio en los estudiantes del ciclo profesional.


Introduction: Sleep quality affects physical and mental health and its alteration in university students hinders memory processes, concentration, and learning capacity. In Colombia, studies on sleep patterns focus mainly on medical and nursing students and few of them identify its relationship with academic load. Objective: To describe sleep quality changes during an academic semester and according to education cycles in university students from a health and rehabilitation program in Cali, Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive prospective study, which applied the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index at the beginning and end of the semester to 241 Physiotherapy, Nutrition, and Occupational Therapy students. Results: Most participants were women, aged 20 years old or younger, and belonged to medium to low socioeconomic strata. At the beginning of the semester, 76.35% of students were able to sleep 7 hours or more and at the end this population decreased to 49.79%. At the beginning of the study, 24.9% displayed poor sleep quality, whereas this group increased to 54.36% at the end. Conclusions: There was a significant increase in poor sleep quality at the end of the academic semester, the change being greater in students from the professional cycle.


Introdução: A qualidade do sono tem efeitos na saúde física e mental, sua alteração em estudantes universitários dificulta os processos de memória, concentração e capacidade do aprendizagem. Na Colômbia, os estudos do sono se concentram basicamente em estudantes de medicina e enfermería, e poucos identificam sua relação com a carga acadêmica. Objetivo: Descrever as alterações na qualidade do sono durante um semestre letivo de acordo com o ciclo de formação em estudantes universitários de uma escola de saúde e reabilitação em Cali, Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: Estudo descritivo, prospectivo por meio da aplicação do Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh no início e final do semestre em 241 alunos de Fisioterapia, Nutrição e Terapia Ocupacional. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes foram mulheres, com idade igual ou inferior a 20 anos e de estratos socioeconômicos médio e baixo. No início do semestre, 76,35% dos alunos dormiam 7 horas ou mais, e no final diminuiu para 49,79%. No início do estudo, 24,90% tinham má qualidade do sono e no final o número subiu para 54,36%. Conclusões: Houve um aumento significativo da má qualidade do sono no final do semestre letivo, sendo a alteração maior nos estudantes do ciclo profissional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep , Persons , Sleep Wake Disorders , Students , Students, Health Occupations , Sleep Latency , Sleep Quality
7.
Psicol. teor. prát ; 25(2): 14688, 23/02/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436614

ABSTRACT

Os transtornos do sono podem ter várias consequências para a cognição, comportamento e vida social das pessoas. No entanto, a terapia utilizada para avaliar e intervir nesses transtornos ainda não está consolidada. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a aplicabilidade e eficácia da estimulação transcraniana (ETCA / ETCC / EMTr) nos transtornos do sono. Foi realizada uma busca sistemática de acordo com as diretrizes do PRISMA nas bases de dados Web of Science, PubMed, LILACS e SciELO. Inicialmente, foram encontrados 448 artigos, de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade. O banco de dados de evidências de fisioterapia (PEDro) foi utilizado para avaliar a qualidade metodológica dos 11 artigos finais. Em geral, os resultados indicam que há tanto relatos favoráveis quanto desfavoráveis à eficácia do uso terapêutico das técnicas de estimulação transcraniana nos transtornos do sono e, portanto, ainda se configura como uma questão em aberto, dependendo de múltiplos fatores metodológicos e conceituais.


Sleep disorders can have several consequences on people's cognition, behavior and social life. However, the therapy used to assess and intervene in these disorders is not yet consolidated. In this context, the aim of this study was to verify the applicability and effectiveness of transcranial stimulation (tACS / tDCS / rTMS) in sleep disorders. A systematic search was performed according to PRISMA guidelines in the Web of Science, PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases. Initially, 448 articles were found, according to the eligibility criteria. The physiotherapy evidence database (PEDro) was used to assess the methodological quality of the 11 final articles. In general, the results indicate that there are both favorable and unfavorable reports on the effectiveness of the therapeutic use of transcranial stimulation techniques in sleep disorders and, therefore, it is still an open question, depending on multiple methodological and conceptual factors.


Trastornos del sueño pueden tener varias consecuencias para la cognición, el comportamiento y la vida social de las personas. La terapia utilizada para evaluar e intervenir en estos trastornos aún no está consolidada. En este contexto, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la aplicabilidad y efectividad de la estimulación transcraneal (ETCA / ETCC / EMTr) en los trastornos del sueño. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática según las guías PRISMA en las bases de datos Web of Science, PubMed, LILACS y SciELO. Inicialmente se encontraron 448 artículos, según los criterios de elegibilidad. Se utilizó la base de datos PEDro para evaluar la calidad metodológica de los 11 artículos finales. En general, los resultados indican que existen informes tanto favorables como desfavorables sobre la efectividad del uso terapéutico de las técnicas de estimulación transcraneal en los trastornos del sueño y, por tanto, sigue siendo una cuestión abierta, dependiendo de múltiples factores metodológicos y conceptuales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Wake Disorders , Cognition , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Behavior , Review , Interpersonal Relations
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 41-56, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971537

ABSTRACT

Adverse experiences in early life have long-lasting negative impacts on behavior and the brain in adulthood, one of which is sleep disturbance. As the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) system and nucleus accumbens (NAc) play important roles in both stress responses and sleep-wake regulation, in this study we investigated whether the NAc CRH-CRHR1 system mediates early-life stress-induced abnormalities in sleep-wake behavior in adult mice. Using the limited nesting and bedding material paradigm from postnatal days 2 to 9, we found that early-life stress disrupted sleep-wake behaviors during adulthood, including increased wakefulness and decreased non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep time during the dark period and increased rapid eye movement (REM) sleep time during the light period. The stress-induced sleep disturbances were accompanied by dendritic atrophy in the NAc and both were largely reversed by daily systemic administration of the CRHR1 antagonist antalarmin during stress exposure. Importantly, Crh overexpression in the NAc reproduced the effects of early-life stress on sleep-wake behavior and NAc morphology, whereas NAc Crhr1 knockdown reversed these effects (including increased wakefulness and reduced NREM sleep in the dark period and NAc dendritic atrophy). Together, our findings demonstrate the negative influence of early-life stress on sleep architecture and the structural plasticity of the NAc, and highlight the critical role of the NAc CRH-CRHR1 system in modulating these negative outcomes evoked by early-life stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism , Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress, Psychological/complications
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 569-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007772

ABSTRACT

Sleep is an extremely important physiological state to maintain human life. Sleep disorders can not only cause anxiety and depression, but also induce multi-system diseases that seriously affect brain function and physical health. The neuroinflammation is a key pathological process after sleep disorders, which can induce a series of nervous system diseases. In recent years, the role of microglia activation in neuroinflammation has been paid more and more attention and become a research hotspot in this field. The imbalance of the central microenvironment after sleep disorders leads to changes in the activation and polarization of microglia, which triggers neuroinflammatory response. The activation and polarization of microglia in the sleep disorders are regulated by multiple signaling pathways and complex molecular mechanisms. This paper summarizes five signaling pathways of microglia activation in central inflammation induced by sleep disorders, including P2X7 receptor (P2X7R), p38MAPK, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/NF-κB, JAK/STAT, and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7-nAChR) pathways, in order to provide reference for further research and clinical treatment targets selection of sleep disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Microglia/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism , Sleep Wake Disorders/metabolism
10.
The Philippine Journal of Psychiatry ; : 54-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006499

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to determine the comorbid sleep disorders on Polysomnography (PSG) of patients complaining of insomnia symptoms.@*Methodology@#This is a retrospective study among patients who underwent diagnostic and split-night polysomnography from April 2014 to February 2019. Those who had at least one of the following insomnia symptoms of difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep and early morning awakening with or without a history of sleep aide use were identified as patients with insomnia. Polysomnography sleep parameters and outcome were tabulated and statistical analysis was done using SPSS v 20.0.@*Results@#Out of the 302 patients who were included in the study, 34.4% of subjects had a family history of sleep disorder and 70.4% had a history of sleep aide use. Among the medical comorbidities, 47.7% of the subjects were diagnosed with hypertension while 10.65% were diagnosed with psychiatric disorder. Most of the patients complained of both difficulty initiating sleep and early morning awakening. PSG sleep parameters showed that patients did not experience excessive daytime sleepiness or delayed sleep latency. On the other hand, poor sleep efficiency could be due to increased arousal index. Half of the patients turned out to have severe obstructive sleep apnea (52%) while 2.3% of the patients had periodic limb movement disorder. Among those diagnosed with severe OSA, 53.3% had a history of sleep aide use.@*Conclusion@#The study showed the importance of screening patients with insomnia for underlying comorbid sleep disorders. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) treatment guidelines for chronic insomnia emphasized the need to have a high index of suspicion for this population in order to recommend diagnostic procedures such as polysomnography. Diagnosing a patient with insomnia to have an underlying sleep apnea and/or periodic limb movement disorder would change the course of management among patients with chronic insomnia and eventually avoid prescribing medications that could actually worsen the patient’s condition.


Subject(s)
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Sleep Wake Disorders , Polysomnography , Comorbidity
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 463-469, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the sleep status and risk factors for sleep problems in infants and young children in Jilin Province.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 080 healthy infants and young children aged 0-3 years from eight prefecture-level cities and one autonomous prefecture in Jilin Province were selected as subjects. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the general information of the subjects, and the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire was used to understand the sleep status of the subjects. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for sleep problems.@*RESULTS@#The total detection rate of sleep problems in the infants and young children was 38.24% (413/1 080). The total sleep time in the 4-11 month, 12-24 month, and 25-36 month age groups was higher than the recommended total sleep time (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that full-term birth, higher educational level of the main caregiver, and higher daytime activity intensity were protective factors for sleep problems in the infants and young children (P<0.05), while lower frequency of vitamin D supplementation, frequent night feeding, and maternal snoring were risk factors for sleep problems (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The total sleep time of infants and young children over 4 months old in Jilin Province is higher than the recommended total sleep time, but the prevalence rate of sleep problems is higher. The occurrence of sleep problems is related to various factors. Strengthening follow-up on preterm infants, providing education on infant sleep knowledge to primary caregivers, and regularly supplementing with vitamin D can be beneficial in reducing sleep problems in infants and young children.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infant, Premature , Risk Factors , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 567-567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986892

ABSTRACT

Sleep is a highly conserved phenomenon in endotherms, and has a universal physiological function across all species. In mammals, sleep can be divided into two stages: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM (NREM) sleep, which alternate in a cyclic manner. Humans spend about one-third of their lives asleep. Sufficient sleep is necessary for humans to sustain everyday functioning. Sleep plays an important role in regulating energy metabolism, immune defense, endocrine function, and the consolidation of memory process. With the development of social economy and the change of life style, sleep duration of the residents has gradually decreased and the incidence of sleep disturbances has increased. Sleep disturbances can lead to severe mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, dementia, and other mental diseases, and may increase the risk of physical diseases, such as chronic inflammation, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis and others. Maintaining good sleep is of great significance for developing social productive forces, promoting sustainable development of economic society, and is a necessary condition for carrying out the "Healthy China Strategy". The sleep research in China started in 1950s. After decades of development, researchers have made great progress in the molecular mechanisms of sleep and wakefulness, the pathogenesis of sleep disorders and the development of new therapies. With the advancement of science and technology and the public's attention to sleep, the level of clinical diagnosis and therapy of sleep disorders in China is gradually brought in line with international standards. The publication of diagnosis and treatment guidelines in the field of sleep medicine will promote the standardization of the construction. In the future, it is still necessary to promote the development of sleep medicine in the following aspects: Strengthening the professional training and discipline construction, improving the cooperation of sleep research, promoting the intelligent diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, and developing the new intervention strategies. Therefore, this review will comprehensively summarize the origin, current situation, and future expectations of sleep medicine in China, including discipline construction of sleep medicine, the number of sleep project grants, research findings, the status and progress of diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, and the development direction of sleep medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Atherosclerosis , China/epidemiology , Health Status , Mammals
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 522-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984767

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association between sleep duration and cognitive function of the elderly in six provinces of China. Methods: Based on the cross-sectional survey data of the elderly from the Healthy Ageing Assessment Cohort Study in 2019, 4 644 participants' sociodemographic and economic indicators, lifestyle, prevalence of major chronic diseases, and sleep status, including night-time sleep duration, daytime sleep duration and insomnia, were collected by questionnaires. Cognitive function was evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the association between night-time sleep duration, daytime sleep duration and cognitive function. Results: The mean age of 4 644 respondents was (72.3±5.7) years, and 2 111 of them were males (45.5%). The mean total daily sleep time of the elderly was (7.9±1.9) hours, and the proportion of those who slept less than 7.0, 7.0-8.9 and≥9.0 hours was 24.1% (1 119), 42.1% (1 954) and 33.8% (1 571), respectively. The mean sleep time at night was (6.9±1.7) hours. About 23.7% (1 102) of the elderly did not sleep during the day, and the mean duration of the elderly who slept during the day was (78±51) minutes. Among the elderly with insomnia, 47.9% were still satisfied with their sleep quality. The mean value of MMSE score of 4 644 respondents was (24.5±5.3), and the cognitive impairment rate was 28.3% (1 316). The results of multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that the OR (95%CI) value of the risk of cognitive impairment in older people who did not sleep, slept for 31 to 60 minutes and slept more than one hour was 1.473 (1.139 to 1.904), 1.277 (1.001 to 1.629) and 1.496 (1.160 to 1.928), respectively, compared with those who slept for 1 to 30 minutes during the daytime. Compared with those who slept for 7.0‒8.9 hours at night, the OR (95%CI) value of the risk of cognitive impairment in older people who slept more than 9.0 hours was 1.239 (1.011 to 1.519). Conclusion: The cognitive function is related to sleep duration in the Chinese elderly.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Female , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , Cognition , China/epidemiology
14.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253141, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440792

ABSTRACT

A vida universitária de mulheres mães apresenta questões que precisam ser mediadas quando comparadas com a mesma dinâmica em estudantes que não são mães. O referencial teórico da psicodinâmica do trabalho reconhece o estudar e o maternar como trabalho, pois demandam esforço cognitivo, físico e temporal com finalidade social. O objetivo deste artigo foi avaliar os danos advindos desses dois trabalhos, sobretudo, em suas dimensões física, psicológica e social, na vida de mães universitárias com filhos de até cinco anos de idade. Utilizou-se a metodologia quantitativa com ajuda da aplicação da Escala de Avaliação dos Danos Relacionados ao Trabalho (EADRT), e adaptada para o contexto estudantil e materno. A pesquisa foi respondida por 453 mães universitárias. Dessa forma, foi encontrada uma amostra heterogênea, cujas respostas apontaram para diferenças na percepção dos danos; correlações dos fatores; e associações com as variáveis sociodemográficas. Logo, discute-se a presença de danos físicos, sociais e psicológicos considerados graves para as duas atividades. No entanto, quando as mães universitárias residem com um companheiro ou têm maior renda, os danos sociais e psicológicos se mostraram menores. Com efeito, esta pesquisa ampliou o conhecimento sobre quem são as mães brasileiras na graduação e que tipo/grau de danos à saúde elas vivenciam, destacando que o acúmulo dos dois papéis acarreta níveis críticos que podem ser atenuados pelo apoio familiar e pela assistência às questões de vulnerabilidade econômica. Por fim, reforça-se a preocupação em analisar cientificamente essas realidades, servindo de embasamento para políticas públicas e estratégias futuras de intervenção.(AU)


The student life of college mothers shows complementary issues that need to be evaluated when compared with the same dynamic in students that are not mothers. The theoretical framework of the psychodynamics of work recognizes studying and mothering occupations as work activities, since they demand cognitive, physical, and temporal effort with a social purpose. The aim of this article was to assess the damage arising from these two workloads, especially, in their physical, psychological, and social dimensions, to the lives of women undergraduate students who have children up to five years old. We used a quantitative methodology with the application of the Work-Related Damage Assessment Scale (EADRT), adapted to the university and maternity context. The scale was answered by 453 college student mothers. Thus, we found a heterogeneous sample, whose answers pointed to variations in the perception of damage; correlations between factors; and connections with the socio demographic variables. Therefore, we discuss the presence of physical, social, and psychological damages considered severe for both activities. However, when the student mothers live with a partner or have a higher income, the social and psychological damage are lesser. In conclusion, this study expanded the knowledge about who are the Brazilian undergraduate student mothers and the type/degree of damages to their health they experienced, highlighting that the build-up of the two roles leads to critical levels that can be mitigated by family support and by assistance to issues concerning economic vulnerability. Finally, the importance to scientifically analyze these realities, serving as foundation for public policies and future intervention strategies, is reinforced.(AU)


La vida universitaria de madres tienen demandas diferentes que necesitan discusión en la comparación con la vida universitaria de mujeres que no son madres. El marco teórico de la psicodinámica de trabajo reconoce el papel de madre y de estudiante como trabajos, ya que para hacerlos se requiere esfuerzo cognitivo, físico y temporal, con finalidad social. El objetivo de este estudio es avaliar los daños que acompañan estos dos trabajos en sus dimensiones física, psicológica y social, en la vida de mujeres brasileñas estudiantes de grado que tienen hijos de hasta 5 años de edad. Se utilizó la metodología cuantitativa a partir de la aplicación de la Escala de Evaluación de Daños Relacionados al Trabajo (EADRT), adaptada al contexto estudiantil y de maternidad. La encuesta fue respondida por 453 madres universitarias. Como resultado, se encontró una muestra heterogénea, con diferencias entre la percepción de daños, correlaciones entre los factores y asociaciones entre los daños y variables sociodemográficas. Se discute la presencia de daños físicos, sociales y psicológicos considerados graves para los dos papeles. Sin embargo, cuando las madres universitarias viven con un compañero o tienen ingresos más grandes, los daños sociales y psicológicos son menores. Se concluye que este estudio permitió ampliar el conocimiento acerca de las madres brasileñas en el grado y qué tipo/nivel de los daños a la salud tienen, que destaca que la acumulación de los papeles genera niveles críticos que pueden ser mitigados por el apoyo familiar y asistencia en cuestiones de vulnerabilidad económica. Se destaca la preocupación por analizar científicamente las realidades de madres universitarias, sirviendo de base para políticas públicas y estrategias de intervenciones futuras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Work , Damage Assessment , Mothers , Anxiety , Parent-Child Relations , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Quality of Life , Remedial Teaching , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Responsibility , Social Sciences , Social Support , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Student Dropouts , Women's Rights , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Mainstreaming, Education , Breast Feeding , Pregnancy , Adaptation, Psychological , Single Parent , Marriage , Child Rearing , Family Characteristics , Indicators of Quality of Life , Liability, Legal , Parental Leave , Marital Status , Problem-Based Learning , Feminism , Compensation and Redress , Dizziness , Dreams , Educational Status , Emotions , Faculty , Fear , Feeding Behavior , Social Discrimination , Social Marginalization , Social Capital , Emotional Adjustment , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work-Life Balance , Memory and Learning Tests , Political Activism , Gender-Based Division of Labor , Burnout, Psychological , Economic Status , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Social Inclusion , Economic Factors , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Guilt , Housing , Human Rights , Life Change Events , Love , Mother-Child Relations , Motivation
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e247126, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422422

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo verificar a relação entre eventos traumáticos (ET) na infância e a ocorrência de comportamentos autolesivos em adolescentes. Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Questionário sobre Traumas na Infância (QUESI) e o Inventário de Autolesão Deliberada - reduzido (IAD-r). Participaram 494 estudantes do ensino médio de ambos os sexos e idade entre 15 e 18 anos (M = 16,4). Destes, 58,5% afirmaram ter sofrido abuso emocional de forma recorrente e 19,0% e 59,5% assumiram já ter sofrido abuso sexual e físico, respectivamente. Quanto à prática de autolesão, 65,0% revelaram já ter se engajado em comportamentos autolesivos. De acordo com a análise de Regressão Logística Binomial, todos os tipos de ET exibiram associação significativa com a prática de comportamentos autolesivos. A análise de moderação a respeito da interação entre a ocorrência de ET infantis e a prática de autolesão revelou ausência de moderação pelo sexo e pela idade. Porém, quanto ao abuso físico, o efeito de moderação da idade apresentou significância estatística limítrofe e indicou que os adolescentes mais novos, de 15 e 16 anos, que sofreram este tipo de abuso na infância, foram mais susceptíveis à prática autolesiva. Portanto, as altas taxas de ET e de autolesão encontradas nesta pesquisa revelam a gravidade do problema. Espera-se que esta investigação possa contribuir para a elaboração de intervenções para prevenção e controle dos fatores de risco que acometem a população infanto-juvenil.(AU)


This research aimed to verify the relationship between traumatic events (TE) in childhood and the occurrence of self-injurious behavior in adolescents. The instruments used were the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (QUESI) and the Deliberate Self-Injury Inventory - reduced (IAD-r). The sample was composed of 494 high school students of both genders and aged between 15 and 18 years old (M = 16.4). Of those, 58.5% declared to have suffered recurring emotional abuse and 19.0% declared to have suffered sexual abuse and 59.5% physical abuse. Regarding the practice of self-harm, 65.0% reported having already engaged in self-injurious behaviors. According to the Binomial Logistic Regression analysis, all types of TE were associated with the practice of self-injurious behaviors. The moderation analysis between the occurrence of childhood TE and self-injury showed no moderation by sex or age. However, regarding physical abuse, the moderating effect of age showed borderline statistical significance and indicated that younger adolescents, 15 and 16 years old, who suffered this type of abuse in childhood, were more susceptible to self-injurious behavior. Therefore, the high rates of TE and self-injury found in this research reveal the seriousness of the problem. It is hoped for this investigation to contribute to the development of interventions to prevent and control risk factors that affect children and adolescents.(AU)


Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo verificar la relación entre eventos traumáticos (ET) en la infancia y la ocurrencia de conductas autolesivas en adolescentes. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el Cuestionario de Trauma Infantil (QUESI) y el Inventario de Autolesiones Deliberadas -reducido (IAD-r). Participaron 494 estudiantes de la secundaria, de ambos sexos y con edades entre 15 y 18 años (M = 16,4). De estos, el 58,5% afirmaron haber sufrido maltrato emocional de forma recurrente, el 19,0% dijeron haber sufrido maltrato sexual y el 59,5%, maltrato físico. En cuanto a la práctica de la autolesión, el 65,0% informaron haber realizado conductas autolesivas. El análisis de Regresión Logística Binomial mostró que todos los tipos de ET tuvieron una asociación significativa con la práctica de conductas autolesivas. El análisis de la moderación respecto a la interacción entre la ocurrencia de ET infantil y la práctica de la autolesión reveló una ausencia de moderación por sexo o edad. En cuanto al maltrato físico, el efecto moderador de la edad mostró una significación estadística marginal e indicó que los adolescentes más jóvenes, de 15 y 16 años, que sufrieron este tipo de maltrato en la infancia, son más susceptibles a la práctica de autolesiones. Por lo tanto, las altas tasas de ET y autolesiones encontradas en esta investigación revelan la gravedad del problema. Se espera que esta investigación contribuya con el desarrollo de intervenciones para la prevención y control de los factores de riesgo que afectan a niños y adolescentes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Psychology , Child , Health , Adolescent , Self-Injurious Behavior , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Pain , Personality Development , Phobic Disorders , Sex Work , Rape , Self Mutilation , Sex Offenses , Shame , Sleep Wake Disorders , Social Behavior , Social Justice , Social Problems , Suicide , Wounds, Penetrating , Child Labor , Emergency Feeding , Bipolar Disorder , Neurosciences , Child, Abandoned , Child Advocacy , Hygiene , Civil Rights , Clothing , Domestic Violence , Adult , Dysthymic Disorder , Mood Disorders , Substance-Related Disorders , Crime , Hazards , Disaster Vulnerability , Feedback, Psychological , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Stress Disorders, Traumatic , Aggression , Depression , Growth and Development , Education , Educational Status , Drug Users , Emotional Intelligence , Bullying , Suicidal Ideation , Sense of Coherence , Emotional Adjustment , Self-Control , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Survivorship , Posttraumatic Growth, Psychological , Embarrassment , Emotional Regulation , Psychological Distress , Emotional Abuse , Food Insecurity , Excoriation Disorder , Psychological Growth , Coping Skills , Guilt , Housing , Identification, Psychological , Malpractice , Memory , Motivation
17.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 67 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426031

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As escalas de trabalho em saúde em hospitais funcionam, geralmente, por rotação e escalonamento em turnos e os trabalhadores da saúde, como os enfermeiros, necessitam trabalhar em horários que forneçam atendimento por 24 horas, que pode gerar dessincronização dos ritmos circadianos, afetando o bem-estar físico e psicológico destes trabalhadores. A síndrome de burnout é um fenômeno psicossocial que passa a existir como resposta a fatores que existem no trabalho, já a ansiedade e os problemas de sono são comuns entre profissionais da área da saúde, e com a pandemia, a enfermagem esteve mais exposta a morte e eventos negativos, estes que podem gerar um agravamento destes sintomas. Em situações emergenciais, como a pandemia de COVID-19, nas quais determinadas categorias profissionais são sobrecarregadas, a prevalência de burnout, alterações de sono e ansiedade podem aumentar. Diante do exposto, nota-se que são necessários estudos para entender a associação entre sintomas de burnout com a presença de ansiedade e insônia durante a pandemia em profissionais da enfermagem, a fim de desenvolver novas estratégias para minimizar impactos psicológicos e sintomas psiquiátricos em futuras emergências sanitárias. Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre sintomas de burnout com a presença de ansiedade e insônia durante a pandemia em profissionais da enfermagem em um hospital público de São Paulo. Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado com dados extraídos de um banco de dados criado a partir do estudo prévio, realizado na cidade de São Paulo, constituída de profissionais de enfermagem (n=574), utilizando REDCap para coleta de dados, realizada no período de 28/05/2020 a 28/06/2020. Foi realizada uma regressão univariada primeiramente para verificar associações entre as variáveis categóricas e, posteriormente, realizada uma regressão logística binomial com objetivo de estimar possíveis associações entre as variáveis independentes: preocupação, insônia, peso, ronco, sonolência, qualidade de sono, quantidade do sono, horas de sono e a ocorrência de pesadelos, tendo burnout como desfecho. Resultados: Essa pesquisa identificou predomínio de sintomas de ansiedade e burnout em enfermeiros e a associação de sintomas de insônia e de preocupação com o aumento de chance de apresentar sintomas de burnout. Conclusões: Os sintomas de burnout observados no presente estudo provavelmente não surgem isoladamente e parecem estar associados a outros sintomas relativos à saúde mental.


Introduction: Health work schedules in hospitals generally work by rotation and shift scheduling and health workers, such as nurses, need to work at times that provide 24-hour care, which can cause desynchronization of circadian rhythms, affecting the physical and psychological well-being of these workers. Burnout syndrome is a psychosocial phenomenon that comes into existence as a response to factors that exist at work, since anxiety and sleep problems are common among health professionals and with the pandemic, nursing was more exposed to death and negative events, which can lead to an aggravation of these symptoms. In emergency situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, in which certain professional categories are overloaded, the prevalence of burnout, sleep disorders and anxiety can increase. In view of the above, it is noted that studies are needed to understand the association between burnout symptoms with the presence of anxiety and insomnia during the pandemic in nursing professionals, in order to develop new strategies to minimize psychological impacts and psychiatric symptoms in future emergencies Sanitary. Objective: To verify the association between burnout symptoms and the presence of anxiety and insomnia during the pandemic in nursing professionals at a public hospital in São Paulo. Methods: This study was carried out with data extracted from a database created from the previous study, carried out in the city of São Paulo, made up of nursing professionals (n=574), using REDCap for data collection, carried out in the period of 05/28/2020 to 06/28/2020. A univariate regression was first performed to verify associations between the categorical variables and later a binomial logistic regression was performed in order to estimate possible associations between the independent variables worry, insomnia, weight, snoring, drowsiness, quality of sleep, amount of sleep, hours of sleep. sleep and the occurrence of nightmares, with burnout as the outcome. Results: This research identified a predominance of symptoms of anxiety and burnout in nurses and the association of symptoms of insomnia and worry with an increased chance of having symptoms of burnout. Conclusions: The burnout symptoms observed in the present study probably do not appear in isolation and seem to be associated with other symptoms related to mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional , Nursing , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Sleep Wake Disorders , Occupational Health , Health Personnel
18.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 37: e51875, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1529663

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: discutir os fatores prejudiciais ao sono e suas influências sobre a saúde cardiovascular na percepção de hipertensos atendidos por uma Unidade Básica de Saúde brasileira. Método: estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado em um serviço de Atenção Básica Mineiro, Brasil. Foram coletados dados de caracterização e entrevista individual em profundidade, em 2019, com 40 hipertensos de idade ?18 anos. Os dados de caracterização foram analisados com apoio do Microsoft Excel-365 para frequências e as entrevistas no Nvivo Pró-11. Resultados: as participantes, predominantemente mulheres, idosas, aposentadas, relataram sono de má qualidade e uso de fármacos ansiolíticos/antidepressivos. Duas categorias discursivas emergiram: Sono e repouso preservados como determinantes da qualidade de vida e saúde; e Insônia: uma realidade cotidiana ligada aos condicionantes psicossociais, biológicos e ambientais. Considerações finais: a insônia gera impactos negativos na saúde cardiovascular e na qualidade de vida, necessitando de cuidados especializados no âmbito da enfermagem cardiovascular.


Objetivos: discutir los factores dañinos al sueño y sus influencias sobre la salud cardiovascular en la percepción de hipertensos atendidos por una Unidad Básica de Salud brasileña. Método: estudio descriptivo, de abordaje cualitativo, realizado en un servicio de Atención Básica Minero, Brasil. Se recogieron datos de caracterización y entrevista individual en profundidad, en 2019, con 40 hipertensos de edad ?18 años. Los datos de caracterización fueron analizados con el apoyo de Microsoft Excel-365 para frecuencias y las entrevistas en el Nvivo Pro-11. Resultados: las participantes, predominantemente mujeres, ancianas, jubiladas, relataron sueño de mala calidad y uso de fármacos ansiolíticos/antidepresivos. Dos categorías discursivas surgieron: Sueño y reposo preservados como determinantes de la calidad de vida y salud; e Insomnio: una realidad cotidiana ligada a los condicionantes psicosociales, biológicos y ambientales. Consideraciones finales: el insomnio genera impactos negativos en la salud cardiovascular y en la calidad de vida, necesitando de cuidados especializados en el ámbito de la enfermería cardiovascular.


Objective: to discuss the harmful factors to sleep and their influence on cardiovascular health in the perception of hypertensive patients assisted by a Brazilian Basic Health Unit. Method: a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, conducted in a primary care service in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Characterization data and in-depth individual interviews were collected in 2019, with 40 hypertensive patients aged ?18 years. The characterization data were analyzed with the support of Microsoft Excel-365 for frequencies and the interviews in Nvivo Pró-11. Results: the participants, predominantly women, elderly, retired, reported poor sleep quality and use of anxiolytic/antidepressant drugs. Two discursive categories emerged: Sleep and rest preserved as determinants of quality of life and health; and Insomnia: an everyday reality linked to psychosocial, biological and environmental conditions. Final considerations: insomnia generates negative impacts on cardiovascular health and quality of life, requiring specialized care in cardiovascular nursing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Sleep Wake Disorders/complications , Hypertension , Qualitative Research
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210244, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529121

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the COX2 gene (rs689466 and rs5275) and local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething. Material and Methods: Forty-four pairs of mothers-babies/toddlers were included. Erupted primary teeth were evaluated during clinical examination. Local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething were obtained from mothers' reporting via anamnesis. Samples of buccal cells were retrieved for DNA genotyping using real-time PCR. The T-test, Chi-square test, logistic regression, and haplotype analyses were applied. Results: Almost all mothers (95.5%) reported at least one local or systemic sign and symptom of teething. The most common was increased salivation (79.5%), diarrhea (72.3 %), and fever (70.5 %). The mean number of signs and symptoms per child was higher in boys than girls (mean = 5.1; SD= 1.5; p=0.008). Sleep disturbance (p=0.03) and loss of appetite (p=0.05) were more reported in boys. The rs689466 and rs5275 were not associated with signs and symptoms of teething (p>0.05). Conclusion: The single nucleotide polymorphisms in the COX2 gene (rs689466 and rs5275) were not associated with local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Sleep Wake Disorders , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Tooth Eruption , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mothers
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1447208

ABSTRACT

El año 2020 será recordado por el comienzo de la pandemia de COVID-19, la que ha generado trágicas consecuencias para la salud personal y social. Además de los fallecimientos, contagios y el temor a estos, se redujo considerablemente la interacción social debido al confinamiento. Trabajos realizados en distintos países demostraron que la pandemia ha generado importantes trastornos del sueño. Con el objetivo de explorar si la pandemia afectó el sueño de los uruguayos, del 16 al 20 mayo del 2020 se realizó una encuesta anónima vía Web, a mayores de 18 años residentes en Uruguay (n =1137). Esta consistió en el Índice de Calidad de Sueño de Pittsburgh (ICSP), que es el cuestionario auto administrado más utilizado para este fin. El ICSP explora 7 dimensiones de sueño (calidad subjetiva, latencia, duración, eficiencia, perturbaciones, medicación y disfunción diurna), con un rango de puntaje de 0 a 21 (mayor puntuación, menor calidad de sueño), donde un ICSP mayor a 5 se considera una mala calidad de sueño. Los resultados mostraron que el ICSP promedio fue de 7,4 ± 4,0, presentando 63% de los encuestados un ICSP > 5. El ICSP fue mayor en mujeres (8,2 ± 4,0) que en hombres (6,4 ± 3,8; P < 0.001). El ICSP junto con otros parámetros relevados, sugieren que los residentes en Uruguay presentaron una mala calidad de sueño al comienzo de la pandemia.


The year 2020 will be remembered for the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has generated tragic consequences for personal and social health. In addition to deaths, infections and the fear of these, social interaction was considerably reduced due to confinement. Studies carried out in different countries showed that the pandemic has generated significant sleep disorders. With the aim of exploring whether the pandemic affected the sleep of Uruguayans, from May 16 to 20, 2020, an anonymous survey was carried out via the Web, to residents over 18 years of age in Uruguay (n = 1137). This consisted of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), which is the most widely used self-administered questionnaire for this purpose. The PSQI explores 7 dimensions of sleep (subjective quality, latency, duration, efficiency, disturbances, medication, and daytime dysfunction), with a score range from 0 to 21 (higher score, lower sleep quality), where an ICSP greater than 5 it is considered a poor quality of sleep. The results showed that the average ICSP was 7.4 ± 4.0, with 63% of the respondents presenting an ICSP > 5. The ICSP was higher in women (8.2 ± 4.0) than in men (6.4 ± 3.8, P < 0.001). The ICSP, together with other parameters collected, suggest that residents of Uruguay had poor sleep quality at the beginning of the pandemic.


O ano de 2020 será lembrado pelo início da pandemia do COVID-19, que gerou consequências trágicas para a saúde pessoal e social. Além das mortes, das infecções e do medo destas, o convívio social foi consideravelmente reduzido devido ao confinamento. Trabalhos realizados em diferentes países mostraram que a pandemia gerou distúrbios significativos do sono. Com o objetivo de explorar se a pandemia afetou o sono dos uruguaios, de 16 a 20 de maio de 2020, foi realizada uma pesquisa anônima via Web, para maiores de 18 anos residentes no Uruguai (n = 1137). Este consistiu no Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh (ICSP), que é o questionário autoaplicável mais utilizado para esse fim. O ICSP explora 7 dimensões do sono (qualidade subjetiva, latência, duração, eficiência, distúrbios, medicação e disfunção diurna), com uma escala de pontuação de 0 a 21 (maior pontuação, menor qualidade do sono), onde um ICSP maior que 5 é considerado uma má qualidade de sono. Os resultados mostraram que o ICSP médio foi de 7,4 ± 4,0, com 63% dos entrevistados apresentando ICSP > 5. O ICSP foi maior nas mulheres (8,2 ± 4,0) do que nos homens (6,4 ± 3,8, P < 0,001). O ICSP, juntamente com outros parâmetros coletados, sugere que os residentes do Uruguai tinham má qualidade de sono no início da pandemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Sleep Quality , Uruguay/epidemiology , Health Surveys , Sex Distribution , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Sociodemographic Factors
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