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1.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-12, 20221213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369125

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Diabetes Tipo 2 es considerado un problema de salud pública que afecta principalmente a las mujeres, que sumado a una mala adherencia al tratamiento terapéutico y, a una falta de calidad de sueño, aumentan la problemática de salud. Objetivo: Determinar las interrelaciones existentes entre la Calidad de Sueño, la Adherencia al Tratamiento Terapéutico y los valores de HbA1c en Mujeres con DT2, perteneciente a una comunidad de la ciudad de Puebla. Materiales y Métodos: El diseño del estudio fue de tipo descriptivo, correlacional y de corte transversal. La muestra se calculó con un nivel de significancia de .05, un coeficiente de correlación .30 y un poder estadístico del 90%, obteniendo una n=110. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: una cédula de datos personales, el Índice de calidad de sueño de Pittsburgh (PSQI), el Cuestionario de Adherencia Terapéutica MBG (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) y el dispositivo Eclipse A1c. Resultados: Se encontró una relación negativa y significativa para la calidad de sueño con los niveles de HbA1c (rs=-.355; p=.001); no así para con la variable de adherencia al tratamiento terapéutico. Discusión: La información obtenida concuerda con otros estudios, al reafirmar de manera indirecta, las reacciones bioquimicas que ocurren durante la privación del sueño. Conclusiones: Los resultados descubiertos contribuyen al fortalecimiento científico de enfermería, orientando en la mejora de cuidados, que servirá para el diseño de intervenciones que favorezcan a la salud de las mujeres con Diabetes Tipo 2.


Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes is considered a public health problem that mainly affects women, which, added to poor adherence to therapeutic treatment and a lack of quality sleep, increase health problems. Objective: To determine the existing interrelations between Sleep Quality, Adherence to Therapeutic Treatment and HbA1c values in Women with T2D, belonging to a community in the city of Puebla. Materials and Method: the study design was descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional. The sample was calculated with a significance level of .05, a correlation coefficient of .30 and a statistical power of 90%, obtaining n = 110. The instruments used were: a personal data card, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the MBG Therapeutic Adherence Questionnaire (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) and the Eclipse A1c device. Results: a negative and significant relationship was found for sleep quality with HbA1c levels (rs = -. 355; p = .001); not so for the variable of adherence to therapeutic treatment. Discussion: The information obtained agrees with other studies, indirectly reaffirming the biochemical reactions that occur during sleep deprivation. Conclusions: the results discovered contribute to the scientific strengthening of nursing, guiding the improvement of care, which will serve to design interventions that favor the health of women with Type 2 Diabetes.


Introdução: A diabetes tipo 2 é considerada um problema de saúde pública que afeta principalmente as mulheres, o que somado a uma má aderência ao tratamento terapêutico e, a falta de qualidade do sono, aumenta o problema de saúde. Objetivo: Determinar as inter-relações entre a qualidade do sono, a adesão ao tratamento terapêutico e os valores de HbA1c nas mulheres com DT2, pertencentes a uma comunidade da cidade de Puebla. Materiais e Métodos: O desenho do estudo foi descritivo, correlacional e transversal. A amostra foi calculada com um nível de significância de 0,05, um coeficiente de correlação de 0,30 e um poder estatístico de 90%, obtendo-se uma n=110. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: um formulário de dados pessoais, o Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI), o Questionário MBG para Avaliar Adesão Terapêutica (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) e o dispositivo Eclipse A1c. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma relação negativa e significativa da qualidade do sono com os níveis de HbA1c (rs=-.355; p=.001); este não foi o caso para a variável de aderência ao tratamento terapêutico. Discussão: As informações obtidas concordam com outros estudos, reafirmando indiretamente as reações bioquímicas que ocorrem durante a privação do sono. Conclusões: Os resultados descobertos contribuem para o fortalecimento científico da enfermagem, orientando a melhoria dos cuidados, que servirão para o desenho de intervenções que favoreçam a saúde das mulheres com diabetes tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sleep , Women , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
2.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 29(3): 1-8, 2022-08-18. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1393176

ABSTRACT

Background: Medicinal plants are part of traditional medicine and should be considered a therapeutic alternative for mental diseases. Several plants belonging to the Verbenaceae family have proved useful in treating general anxiety disorders, the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. Objective: This research aimed to verify the extract's safety, the effect on general behavior, and the effect on sleeping time, as well as to evaluate the anxiolytic-like effect of the methanol extract of Aloysia virgata var. platyphylla (Avp), in mice. Methodology: The toxicity test was done according to the OECD guide (mice groups n=5), and general behavior was observed during the assay. Sleeping time was assessed using the pentobarbital-induced hypnosis method (n=8). Male Swiss albino mice (n=6) were treated with 50 to 400 mg/kg of Avp extract and diazepam as a control. The anxiolytic-like effect was tested through the hole board and elevated plus-maze test. Results: The Avp extract has no side effects in tested doses, and no central nervous system depressant activity was noted. A. virgatavar. platyphyllaincreased exploration (number and time) in the hole board. In the elevated plus-maze, increased number and time into open arms were evidenced compared to the control group. Conclusion: With all these results, we concluded that the Avp extract is safe and has a potential anxiolytic-like activity in the animal model used


Antecedentes: Las plantas medicinales forman parte de la medicina tradicional y deben ser consideradas una alternativa terapéutica para las enfermedades mentales. Varias plantas pertenecientes a la familia Verbenaceae han demostrado su utilidad en el tratamiento de los trastornos de ansiedad, uno de los trastornos psiquiátricos más prevalentes. Objetivo: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo verificar la seguridad del extracto, el efecto sobre el comportamiento general y el efecto sobre el tiempo de sueño, así como evaluar el efecto tipo ansiolítico del extracto metanólico de Aloysia virgata var. platyphylla(Avp), en ratones. Metodología: La prueba de toxicidad se realizó de acuerdo con la guía de la OCDE (grupos de ratones n=5), y se observó el comportamiento general durante el ensayo. El tiempo de sueño se evaluó mediante el método de hipnosis inducida por pentobarbital (n=8). Se trataron ratones albinos suizos macho (n=6) con 50 a 400 mg/kg de extracto de Avp y diazepam como control. El efecto ansiolítico se probó a través de la placa perforada y prueba del laberinto en cruz elevado. Resultados: El extracto de Avp no tiene efectos secundarios en las dosis probadas y no se observó actividad depresora del sistema nervioso central. A. virgata var. platyphylla aumentó la exploración (número y tiempo) en el tablero de agujeros. En el laberinto en cruz elevado, se evidenció un mayor número y tiempo en los brazos abiertos en comparación con el grupo de control. Conclusión: Con todos estos resultados, concluimos que el extracto de Avp es seguro y tiene una potencial actividad ansiolítica en el modelo animal utilizado


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Anxiety Agents , Sleep
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1147-1155, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364683

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to analyze the association between sleep time and handgrip strength in adolescents belonging to the 1997/1998 São Luís Birth Cohort. This was a cross-sectional study nested in a birth cohort study. One thousand two hundred sixty-nine individuals (18 and 19 years) wore an Actigraph® GTX3+ accelerometer on their wrist 24 hr/day for 7 consecutive days. Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer. We used directed acyclic graphs (DAG) to identify confounding variables. This sample of adolescents was mostly composed of men, with brown skin color, economic class C, which did not work, did not consume alcohol, did not smoke, and never used drugs. The mean value of handgrip strength was 28.2 (±9.3) kgf, and the mean of sleep time was 6 (±1.0) hours per day. The crude analysis showed an association between sleep time and muscle strength. An increase of one hour of sleep reduced the handgrip strength by 1.95 kgf (95%CI:-2.51;-1.39). However, after adjustment for confounders, the association was not maintained (β:-0.07; 95%CI:-0.48;0.36). Sleep time is not associated with handgrip strength in adolescents in São Luís.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a associação entre tempo de sono e força de preensão manual em adolescentes da Coorte de Nascimentos de São Luís 1997/1998. Estudo transversal aninhado a um estudo de coorte de nascimentos. Mil duzentos e sessenta e nove indivíduos (18 e 19 anos) usaram um acelerômetro Actigraph® GTX3 + em seu pulso 24 horas/dia por sete dias consecutivos. A força de preensão manual foi medida por meio de um dinamômetro digital de mão. Usou-se gráficos acíclicos direcionados (DAG) para identificar variáveis ​​de confusão. A amostra de adolescentes foi composta em sua maioria por homens, de cor da pele parda, classe econômica C, que não trabalhava, não consumiam álcool, não fumavam e nunca usaram drogas. O valor médio da força de preensão manual foi de 28,2 (±9,3) kgf, e a média do tempo de sono foi de seis (±1,0) horas por dia. A análise bruta mostrou associação entre tempo de sono e força muscular. O aumento de uma hora de sono reduziu a força de preensão manual em 1,95 kgf (IC95%:-2,51;-1,39). No entanto, após o ajuste para fatores de confusão, a associação não foi mantida (β:-0,07; IC95%:-0,48;0,36). O tempo de sono não foi associado à força de preensão manual em adolescentes de São Luís.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sleep/physiology , Hand Strength/physiology , Parturition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 575-580, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359328

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a rinite é um distúrbio respiratório crônico comum, de alta prevalência no Brasil e no mundo, que representa um fardo considerável para os portadores. Está associada a sintomas incômodos, que reduzem a qualidade de vida e do sono, acarretando em prejuízos sociais, emocionais e funcionais. Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida e do sono conforme o grau de incômodo dos sintomas dos pacientes com rinite, acompanhados no Sistema Único de Saúde da região Oeste da Bahia. Metodologia: um estudo de corte transversal que avaliou 169 pacientes entre 12 e 90 anos diagnosticados clinicamente com rinite, atendidos em ambulatório de Otorrinolaringologia no município de Barreiras (Bahia), entre novembro de 2018 a setembro de 2019, através do Questionário Modificado de Qualidade de Vida em Rinoconjuntivite, Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Resultados: a qualidade de vida e do sono foram significantemente afetadas pela rinite, sendo os piores índices relacionados aos pacientes que atribuíram maior gravidade à doença. Ainda, limitações em atividades recreativas e domésticas devido à rinite se associaram a um sono de má qualidade. Não foi encontrada relação significativa entre sonolência diurna e qualidade de vida. Conclusão: os achados sinalizam a necessidade de orientar os pacientes quanto à higiene do sono, medidas de controle do ambiente e o efetivo tratamento medicamentoso. Também enfatizam a necessidade de avaliar as percepções singulares dos pacientes quanto à sua qualidade de vida para direcionar as estratégias de cuidado e monitorizar o tratamento e o controle da doença.


Introduction: the rhinitis is a common chronic respiratory disorder, highly prevalent in Brazil and worldwide, that mean a considerable onus for patients. It is associated with uncomfortable symptoms, wich reduce the quality of life and sleep, resulting in social, emotional and functional losses. Objective: to evaluate the quality of life and sleep according to degree of nuisance of patients with rhinitis being followed up in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the Western Bahia. Methods: a cross-sectional study that evaluated 169 patients between 12 and 90 years old diagnosed clinically with rhinitis, seen at an Otorhnolaryngology service in Barreiras (Bahia), between November 2018 and September 2019, through the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Modified Questionnaire, Epworth Slipness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: quality of life and sleep were significantly affected by rhinitis, with the worst rates related to patients who attributed greater severity to the disease. Also, limitations in recreational and domestic activities due to rhinitis were associated with poor sleep. No significant relationship was found between daytime sleepiness and quality of life. Conclusion: the findings signal the need to guide patients on sleep hygiene, environmental control measures and effective pharmacological management. They also emphasize the need to assess patients' unique perceptions of their quality of life to guide care strategies and monitor the disease treatment and control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Sleep , Rhinitis , Adolescent , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 594-600, fev 11, 2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359363

ABSTRACT

Introdução: distúrbios do sono são comuns na gravidez e decorrem de modificações anatômicas, fisiológicas e hormonais. A atenção primária à saúde encontra-se em posição singular no reconhecimento de tais desordens. Nesse contexto, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo avaliar a qualidade do sono de gestantes em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde e correlacioná-la com parâmetros analisados durante o acompanhamento pré-natal. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo observacional, transversal e analítico, desenvolvido por meio de pesquisa de campo, com gestantes acompanhadas em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde. Os dados foram obtidos utilizando uma ficha de questionário que associava algumas variáveis com a qualidade do sono, mensurada pelo Índice de Qualidade do sono de Pittsburgh, em sua versão brasileira (PSQI-BR). Resultados e Discussão: foram entrevistadas 83 gestantes, com 76 preenchendo os critérios de inclusão. A maioria das pacientes possuía idade inferir a 26 anos (64,4%), era multípara (59,2%), com peso inadequado (72,4%), não tinha distúrbio hipertensivo na gestação (76,3%) e estava no primeiro trimestre (40,8%). Após a aplicação do teste qui-quadrado de Pearson e a razão de chances, verificou-se que as três últimas variáveis citadas tinham relação com a qualidade do sono, apresentando significância estatística (p<0,05). Além disso, 34,2% das gestantes tinha má qualidade do sono. Conclusão: a qualidade do sono deve ser avaliada durante o acompanhamento pré-natal, visto que seu comprometimento é frequente, sobretudo diante de certos fatores de risco, e pode resultar em desfechos maternos adversos. Assim, o reconhecimento precoce possibilita melhora do prognóstico gestacional.


Introduction: sleep disorders are common in pregnancy and result from anatomical, physiological and hormonal changes. Primary health care is in a unique position in recognizing such disorders. In this context, this research aims to assess the quality of sleep of pregnant women in a Basic Health Unit and associated it with parameters analyzed during prenatal care. Methodology: this is an observational, cross-sectional and analytical study, developed through field research, with pregnant women accompanied in a Basic Health Unit. The data were obtained using a questionnaire form that correlated some variables with the quality of sleep, measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, in its Brazilian version (PSQI-BR). Results and Discussion: 83 pregnant women were interviewed, with 76 fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Most patients were 26 years old (64.4%), multiparous (59.2%), with inadequate weight (72.4%), had no hypertensive disorder during pregnancy (76.3%) and were in the first quarter (40.8%). After applying Pearson's chi-square test and odds ratio, it was found that the last three variables mentioned were related to sleep quality, showing statistical significance (p <0.05). In addition, 34.2% of pregnant women had poor sleep quality. Conclusion: the quality of sleep should be assessed during prenatal care, as its impairment is frequent, especially in the face of certain risk factors, and can result in adverse maternal outcomes. Thus, early recognition makes it possible to improve gestational prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Sleep , Pregnancy , Hypertension , Obesity , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Demography , Observational Study
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 173-179, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Loss of teeth has been associated with neurological and sleep disorders. It is considered to be a predictor of stroke and leads to modifications of airway patency and predisposition to obstructive sleep apnea. Objective: To investigate sleep quality, risk of obstructive sleep apnea and excessive sleepiness among post-stroke patients with tooth loss attending the Neurovascular Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo. Methods: The prevalence rates of different types of stroke were assessed among 130 patients with different degrees of tooth loss, along with the presence of sleep disturbances, risk of obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness. Results: The prevalence of ischemic stroke was 94.6%, with either no significant disability or slight disability. Our sample had poor sleep quality, and a high risk of obstructive sleep apnea, but without excessive daytime sleepiness. Half of our sample had lost between 9 and 31 teeth, and more than 25% had edentulism. The majority used full removable dental prostheses, and more than half of these individuals slept without removing the prosthesis. Conclusions: We found high prevalence of poor sleep quality and high risk of obstructive sleep apnea among post-stroke patients with tooth loss. This indicates the need for further studies on treating and preventing sleep disturbances in stroke patients with tooth loss.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A perda de dentes tem sido associada a distúrbios neurológicos e do sono. É considerada um preditor de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), com modificações na permeabilidade das vias aéreas e predisposição à apneia obstrutiva do sono. Objetivo: Investigar a qualidade do sono, o risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono e a sonolência excessiva em pacientes pós-AVC com perda dentária, atendidos na Clínica Neurovascular da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Métodos: O estudo avaliou a prevalência de diferentes tipos de AVC em 130 pacientes com diferentes graus de perda dentária e a presença de distúrbios do sono, risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono e sonolência excessiva. Resultados: A prevalência de AVC isquêmico foi de 94,6%, sem deficiência significativa ou deficiência leve. Nossa amostra tinha má qualidade de sono e alto risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono, sem sonolência diurna excessiva. Metade de nossa amostra perdeu entre nove e 31 dentes, e mais de 25% tiveram edentulismo. A maioria usava próteses dentárias totalmente removíveis e, desses pacientes, mais da metade dormia com elas. Conclusões: Encontramos alta prevalência de má qualidade do sono e alto risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono em pacientes pós-AVC com perda dentária. Isso indica a necessidade de mais estudos sobre o tratamento e a prevenção de distúrbios do sono em pacientes com AVC e perda dentária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Loss/complications , Tooth Loss/etiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Stroke/complications , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep
9.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 50-56, ene. 28, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354461

ABSTRACT

Las tecnologías de información y comunicación suponen un avance para la sociedad. Hoy en día, los dispositivos móviles proveen servicios convenientes para la cotidianidad, facilitando la comunicación, el ocio y las relaciones interpersonales, sin embargo, se describe que su uso excesivo influye en la aparición de síntomas como ansiedad, comportamientos adictivos y alteraciones del sueño. De todos los usuarios de estas tecnologías, los adolescentes son un grupo especialmente afectado, debido al fácil acceso a estas desde edades muy tempranas y la consecuente integración a su vida diaria. Por lo que se pretende determinar el papel del uso de dispositivos móviles en el desarrollo de trastornos del sueño en adolescentes. Pese a sus efectos deletéreos, se ha observado que el uso de estas tecnologías puede ocasionar sensación de bienestar y apoyo social en algunos usuarios, particularmente cuando promueve la interacción con sus pares. El uso excesivo de las tecnologías, en especial horas antes de dormir, se relaciona con un patrón de sueño anómalo, se ha identificado que los trastornos del sueño más prevalentes en los usuarios son el insomnio y la somnolencia diurna excesiva


Information and communication technologies represent an advance for society. Nowadays, mobile devices provide convenient services for everyday life, facilitating communication, leisure and interpersonal relationships, however, it is described that their excessive use influences the appearance of symptoms such as anxiety, addictive behaviors and sleep disturbances. Of all the users of these technologies, adolescents are a particularly affected group, due to the easy access to them from a very early age and the consequent integration into their daily lives. Therefore, it is intended to determine the role of the use of mobile devices in the development of sleep disorders in adolescents. Despite their deleterious effects, it has been observed that the use of these technologies can cause a feeling of well-being and social support in some users, particularly when it promotes interaction with their peers. The excessive use of technologies, especially hours before bed, is related to an abnormal sleep pattern, it has been identified that the most prevalent sleep disorders in users are insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness


Subject(s)
Sleep Wake Disorders , Technology , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anxiety , Sleep , Computers, Handheld
10.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57231, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367678

ABSTRACT

Aim of the present study was to assess physical activity, nutrition and psychological status of the population during lockdown due to covid-19. Online survey was conductedamong 534 participants within the age range of 16-78 years using convenient sampling. Participantsfrom varied regions within India and abroad were enrolled for the present study. Volunteered participants were solicited to take part in a survey that has to be carried out by filling an online questionnaire form available to them as a URL link in the invitation through WhatsApp/Messenger. The gathered data has been compiled, coded and cleaned using Microsoft Excel. Analysis has been carried out employing descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS 17.0.Majority of participants in the studied population showed significant change in their nutrition and physical activity status due to lockdown. Covid-19 lockdown did limit their daily activities. It also had impacted their psychological status.The current investigation accentuates the need to pursue suitable life style for the maintenance of optimum metabolism and physiology. Sticking to more regular timetable of meals, effective management of stress levels and continued physical activity during the quarantine and in all the following phases of living is desirable.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise/psychology , Quarantine/psychology , Mental Health , Feeding Behavior/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Sleep , Social Behavior , Pandemics/prevention & control , Diet, Healthy/psychology , Interpersonal Relations , Life Style
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(3): e00078721, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364639

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a associação entre duração de sono e composição corporal em adolescentes. Estudo transversal, com 1.269 adolescentes de 18 e 19 anos da coorte de nascimentos de 1997/1998 de São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. A duração do sono foi avaliada a partir dos dados registrados por acelerometria. A composição corporal foi avaliada pelo o índice de massa gorda (IMG), índice de massa muscular (IMM) e índice de massa corporal (IMC). Os fatores de confusão foram identificados em gráfico acíclico direcionado no programa DAGitty 3.0. Foram realizadas análises descritivas para todas as variáveis e, posteriormente, regressão linear, com estimativa dos coeficientes de regressão brutos e ajustados, com os respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). Nos adolescentes do sexo masculino, cada hora a mais de sono associou-se a reduções de 0,30kg/m2 do IMM (IC95%: -0,45; -0,15), de 0,26kg/m2 do IMG (IC95%: -0,48; -0,03) e 0,61kg/m2 do IMC (IC95%: -0,93; -0,30). Nas adolescentes, cada hora a mais de sono associou-se à redução de 0,22kg/m2 do IMM (IC95%: -0,36; -0,07). A maior duração do sono associou-se a menor IMM em ambos os sexos e menor IMG e IMC no sexo masculino, o que evidencia a importância de ter adequadas horas de sono para melhorar os índices de composição corporal.


The study aimed to assess the association between sleep duration and body composition in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed with 1,269 adolescents from the 1997/1998 birth cohort in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil, 18 and 19 years of age. Sleep duration was assessed with accelerometry data. Body composition was assessed with fat mass index (FMI), lean mass index (LMI), and body mass index (BMI). Confounding factors were identified in a directed acyclic graph in DAGitty 3.0. Descriptive analyses were performed for all variables, followed by linear regression, with estimation of crude and adjusted regression coefficient with respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). In adolescent boys, each additional hour of sleep was associated with reductions of 0.30kg/m2 in LMI (95%CI: -0.45; -0.15), 0.26kg/m2 in FMI (95%CI: -0.48; -0.03), and 0.61kg/m2 in BMI (95%CI: -0.93; -0.30). In adolescent girls, each additional hour of sleep was associated with a reduction of 0.22kg/m2 in LMI (95%CI: -0.36; -0.07). Longer duration of sleep was associated with lower LMI in both sexes and lower FMI and BMI in boys, evidencing the importance of adequate hours of sleep for improving body composition indices.


El objetivo fue evaluar la asociación entre duración del sueño y composición corporal en adolescentes. Estudio transversal, con 1.269 adolescentes de 18 y 19 años de la cohorte de nacimientos de 1997/1998 de São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. La duración del sueño se evaluó a partir de los datos registrados por acelerometría. La composición corporal se evaluó por el índice de masa grasa (IMG), índice de masa muscular (IMM) e índice de masa corporal (IMC). Los factores de confusión se identificaron en un gráfico acíclico dirigido en el programa DAGitty 3.0. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos para todas las variables y, posteriormente, regresión lineal, con estimación de los coeficientes de regresión brutos y ajustados, con los respectivos intervalos de 95% de confianza (IC95%). En los adolescentes del sexo masculino, cada hora más de sueño se asoció con reducciones de 0,30kg/m2 del IMM (IC95%: -0,45; -0,15), de 0,26kg/m2 del IMG (IC95%: -0,48; -0,03) y 0,61kg/m2 del IMC (IC95%: -0,93; -0,30). En las adolescentes, cada hora más de sueño se asoció a la reducción de 0,22kg/m2 del IMM (IC95%: -0,36; -0,07). La mayor duración del sueño se asoció a un menor IMM en ambos sexos y menor IMG e IMC en el sexo masculino, lo que evidencia la importancia de tener adecuadas horas de sueño para mejorar los índices de composición corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep , Body Composition , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of sleep initiation patterns, influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns, and the influence of sleep initiation patterns on sleep quality in infants and young children.@*METHODS@#A total of 521 infants and young children, aged 0-35 months, who underwent physical examination at the outpatient service of the Department of Growth and Development in Shenzhen Bao'an Women's and Children's Hospital Affiliated to Jinan University were enrolled as subjects. A self-designed questionnaire and Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire were used to collect the information on family background, parenting behaviors, and sleep quality in the past one week. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of sleep initiation patterns on the number of nighttime awakenings.@*RESULTS@#Among the 521 infants and young children, 258 (49.5%) were breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep, 62 (11.9%) were rocked/held to initiate sleep, 39 (7.5%) slept independently, and 162 (31.1%) initiated sleep accompanied by parents. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the children with breastfeeding and a younger age were more likely to be breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep (P<0.05) and that the children with a younger age were also more likely to be rocked/held to initiate sleep (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding significantly increased the number of nighttime awakenings (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most infants and young children initiate sleep by being breastfed/bottle fed, rocked/held, or accompanied. The sleep initiation pattern is associated with the age of children and whether they are still breastfeeding. Sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding can increase the number of nighttime awakenings. io.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Child , Child, Preschool , Cognition , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Parents , Sleep , Sleep Quality
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928220

ABSTRACT

Difference of chronotypes makes influence to cognitive performance of individuals in routine duties. In this paper, 55 subjects with different chronotypes were subjected to continuous sleep deprivation for 30 h by using the constant routine protocol, during which core body temperature was measured continuously, and subjective sleepiness self-rating and the performance of selective attention were measured hourly. The results showed that the phase difference of core body temperature has no significant difference, yet the amplitude and term difference among the three chronotypes are significant. There was an advance in phase between subjective sleepiness self-rating and core body temperature, and the self-rating sleepiness of evening type came the latest, and the self-rating sleepiness of morning type dissipated the fastest. The response time of selective attention showed a 2 h phase delay with subjective sleepiness self-rating. And the analysis of core body temperature showed that the later the chronotype was, the greater the phase delay was. The correct rate of selective attention of different chronotypes were inconsistent with delay of subjective sleepiness self-rating and core body temperature. We provide reference for industry, aviation, military, medical and other fields to make a more scientific scheduling/ shifting based on cognitive performance characteristics of different chronotypes.


Subject(s)
Attention/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Homeostasis , Humans , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Deprivation , Sleepiness
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928189

ABSTRACT

With the ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadruple-electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q Exactive Orbitrap-MS)-based metabonomics technology, this study aims to analyze the effect of Chaiqin Ningshen Granules(CNG) on endogenous metabolites in insomnia rats of liver depression syndrome and explore the sleep-improving mechanism of this prescription. Parachlorophenylalanine(PCPA, ip) and chronic stimulation were combined to induce insomnia of liver depression pattern in rats, and the effect of CNG on the macroscopic signs, hemorheology, and neurotransmitters in the hippocampus of insomnia rats of liver depression syndrome was observed. After the administration, rat hippocampus was collected for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) analysis of the metabolomics. Principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed for analyzing the metabolites in rat hippocampus and screening potential biomarkers. MetPA was used to yield the related metabolic pathways and metabolic networks. The results show that the drugs can significantly improve the mental state, liver depression, and blood stasis of rats, significantly increase the content of 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) and gamma aminobutyric acid(GABA) in hippocampus(except low-dose CNG), and significantly reduce the content of glucose(Glu)(except low-dose CNG). Among them, estazolam and high-dose CNG had better effect than others. Metabolomics analysis yielded 27 potential biomarkers related to insomnia. MetPA analysis showed 4 metabolic pathways of estazolam in intervening insomnia and 3 metabolic pathways of high-dose CNG in intervening insomnia, involving purine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, histidine metabolism, and caffeine metabolism. CNG can alleviate insomnia by regulating endogenous differential metabolites and further related metabolic pathways. The result lays a basis for further elucidating the mechanism of CNG in improving sleep.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Estazolam , Hippocampus/metabolism , Metabolomics/methods , Rats , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927656

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the sleep arrangements and soothing methods and to assess their associations with sleep problems among children aged < 3 years in China.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2019 from six provinces in China. A total of 1,195 caregivers of children aged 0-35 months were included in the study. Data on sleep arrangements, soothing methods, and sleep problems (i.e., frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep) were assessed using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The reasons for bed-sharing in sleep arrangements were recorded using a self-designed questionnaire.@*Results@#The bed-sharing practice was very prevalent at any age, which ranged from 69.9% to 78.3%. Most infants fell asleep while feeding or being rocked/held before age 12 months. By age 35 months, 62.4% of the children fell asleep in bed near parents. The most common reasons for bed-sharing were breastfeeding/feeding and convenience. Parental involvement when falling asleep was significantly related with frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep. No association was found between bed-sharing and sleep.@*Conclusion@#Bed-sharing and parental involvement were very common among Chinese children aged < 3 years. Children who fall asleep with parental involvement were more likely to have sleep problems.


Subject(s)
Asians , Beds , Child, Preschool , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant Behavior , Infant, Newborn , Male , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Hygiene , Sleep Wake Disorders , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to examine the associations of daytime napping with incident risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension (HTN).@*METHODS@#Data for napping and CVD outcomes in 25 provinces were collected from baseline (2010) and three waves of follow-up (2012-2017) investigations of the China Family Panel Studies. Cox frailty models with random intercepts for the surveyed provinces were used to assess the longitudinal effects of daytime napping on CVD and HTN.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-nappers, 30+ min nappers had higher risks of CVD and HTN, while no significant associations were observed among < 30 min nappers. Incident risks among 30- to < 60-min nappers increased by 22% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.08-1.39] for CVD and 21% (1.21, 1.04-1.41) for HTN, respectively, with corresponding HRs of CVD and HTN of 1.27 (1.09-1.47) and 1.38 (1.16-1.65) among ≥ 60 min nappers. Nap-associated CVD risks varied by subgroups, with stronger associations in participants with lower body mass index (< 24 kg/m 2), physically inactive persons, smokers, and participants with longer nighttime sleep (≥ 7 h/night). Significant effects of daytime napping were observed on rural and northern residents only, highlighting great regional variations in CVD risks associated with napping habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This cohort study revealed strong evidence that long daytime napping (≥ 30 min) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927489

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Lifestyle activities, such as regular physical activity, are important for good metabolic health and the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Epidemiological studies highlight an increase in the proportion of overweight children in Singapore. A workgroup was formed to develop recommendations to encourage children and adolescents (aged 7-17 years) to adopt a holistic approach towards integrating beneficial activities within a daily 24-hour period for good metabolic and general health.@*METHODS@#The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Evidence to Decision framework was employed to formulate the public health question, assess the evidence and draw conclusions for the guide. The evidence for international 24-hour movement guidelines, and guidelines for physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep and eating habits were reviewed. An update of the literature review from August 2018 to end of September 2020 was conducted through an electronic search of Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases.@*RESULTS@#Ten consensus statements were developed. The statements focused on the overall aim of achieving good metabolic health through integration of these activities and initiatives: light and moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity on a regular basis; muscle- and bone-strengthening activities; limiting sedentary behaviour; regular and adequate sleep; good eating habits and choosing nutritionally balanced foods and drinks; practise safety in exercise; and aiming to achieve more or all aforementioned recommendations for the best results.@*CONCLUSION@#This set of recommendations provides guidance to encourage Singapore children and adolescents to adopt health-beneficial activities within a 24-hour period.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Exercise , Humans , Public Health , Sedentary Behavior , Singapore , Sleep
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927476

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#In a subset of adults with non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias, clinical variants might be violent in nature and can potentially result in unintentional but considerable harm. As such, there is substantial interest on the forensic ramifications of these sleep behaviours.@*METHODS@#This review examined the diagnostic criteria for parasomnias established in the context of international classification systems; medicolegal case reports; legal frameworks; and court cases in and outside of Singapore, to provide an overview of the implications of NREM parasomnias.@*RESULTS@#Violent or injurious behaviours that occurred in the context of somnambulism, otherwise known as sleepwalking, have challenged traditional legal theories of criminal culpability. Yet little has changed in the application of sleep science to criminal responsibility. In Singapore, the defence of somnambulism has hitherto not been directly raised. Nonetheless, sleep medicine practitioners may increasingly be requested to render their opinions on legal issues pertaining to violent or injurious behaviours allegedly arising during sleep. Although the understanding of NREM parasomnias has improved, there is still a dearth of evidence to support both medical and legal decisions in this area.@*CONCLUSION@#NREM parasomnias come with disquieting legal and forensic implications for adjudicating criminal responsibility. There is a need to critically examine legal perspectives on behaviours occurring during sleep. More reliable empirical studies investigating the pathophysiology of NREM parasomnias can offer clearer diagnostic guidelines and address complex behaviours of NREM that often come with medicolegal implications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Parasomnias/diagnosis , Singapore , Sleep/physiology , Somnambulism/diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy on insomnia between Fang 's scalp acupuncture combined with conventional acupuncture and the simple conventional acupuncture.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, the routine acupuncture therapy was applied to Shenmen (HT 7), Baihui (GV 20), Zhaohai (KI 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), etc. Based on the treatment as the control group, Fang's scalp acupuncture therapy was supplemented at fuxiang tou, fuzang shangjiao, fuzang zhongjiao, siwei, etc. At these scalp points, the needles were inserted perpendicularly with flying needling technique and manipulated with trembling one. In either group, the treatment was given once daily, continuously for 2 weeks. Before and after treatment, separately, the score of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the score of Chinese perceived stress scale (CPSS) were observed, as well as the parameters monitored by polysomnography, i.g. total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), wakefulness after the sleep onset (WASO), sleep efficiency (SE), the percentages of the time of rapid eye movement sleep phase (REM) and non-rapid eye movement sleep phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 in TST (REM%, N1%, N2%, N3%). The efficacy was compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of each factor and the total scores of PSQI, as well as CPSS scores were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05); except the score for sleep quality, the score of each factor and the total score of PSQI, as well as CPSS score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, TST, SE%, REM% and N3% were increased and SOL, WASO, N1% were decreased as compared with before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and N2% in the observation group was decreased (P<0.01); SE%, REM% and N3% in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05) and N1% and N2% were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.8% (30/32) in the observation group, higher than 87.1% (27/31) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Fang 's scalp acupuncture, on the base of routine acupuncture, obviously improves the sleep quality and perceived stress and adjusts the sleep structure in the patients with insomnia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Scalp , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Stress, Psychological/therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210443, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364841

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a relação entre qualidade do sono e funcionalidade familiar de idosos cuidadores de idosos em contexto de alta vulnerabilidade social. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, realizado com 65 idosos que cuidavam de idosos, no período de julho de 2019 a março de 2020, a partir dos seguintes instrumentos: questionário de caracterização, Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh para avaliar a qualidade do sono e APGAR de Família para avaliar a funcionalidade familiar. Os testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e exato de Fisher foram utilizados, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados a maioria dos idosos cuidadores era do sexo feminino, com média de 69,1±6,4 anos, casada, que cuidava do cônjuge, não possuía treinamento prévio tampouco ajuda de terceiros para cuidar. Cerca de 50,8% dos participantes referiram sono ruim e 66,2% apresentaram boa funcionalidade familiar, 16,9%, moderada disfunção e 16,9%, elevada disfunção familiar. Não houve relação estatisticamente significante entre os escores totais dos instrumentos sobre sono e funcionalidade familiar. Houve significância estatística apenas entre a funcionalidade familiar e outros distúrbios do sono causados por preocupação (p=0,019). Conclusão e implicações para a prática houve maior proporção de disfunção familiar entre idosos cuidadores que apresentavam distúrbios do sono em função de preocupação muito frequente quando comparados aos demais.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la relación entre la calidad del sueño y la funcionalidad familiar de los cuidadores de ancianos en un contexto de alta vulnerabilidad social. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, realizado con 65 ancianos que cuidaban de ancianos, de julio de 2019 a marzo de 2020, utilizando los siguientes instrumentos: cuestionario de caracterización, Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh para evaluar la calidad del sueño y APGAR de Familia para evaluar la funcionalidad familiar. Se utilizaron las pruebas de chi-cuadrado de Pearson y exacta de Fisher, con un nivel de significación del 5%. Resultados la mayoría de los cuidadores de ancianos fueron mujeres, con una edad promedio de 69,1 ± 6,4 años, casadas, que cuidaban de su cónyuge, no contaban con formación previa ni ayuda de otras personas para cuidarlos. Aproximadamente del 50,8% de los participantes informaron que no dormían bien y el 66,2% tenía una buena funcionalidad familiar, el 16,9% disfunción moderada y el 16,9% disfunción familiar alta. No hubo relación estadísticamente significativa entre las puntuaciones totales de los instrumentos sobre el sueño y la funcionalidad familiar. Solo hubo significación estadística entre la funcionalidad familiar y otros trastornos del sueño causados por la preocupación (p = 0,019). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica hubo una mayor proporción de disfunción familiar entre los cuidadores ancianos que tenían trastornos del sueño debido a una preocupación muy frecuente en comparación con los demás.


Abstract Objective to analyze the relationship between quality of sleep and family functioning of older caregivers in a context of high social vulnerability. Method a cross-sectional, quantitative study, carried out with 65 older caregivers, in the period from July 2019 to March 2020, from the following instruments: characterization questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to assess sleep quality and Family APGAR to assess family functionality. Pearson's chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used, with a significance level of 5%. Results most of the older caregivers were female, with a mean age of 69.1±6.4 years, married, caring for their spouse, with no previous training or help from third parties. About 50.8% of the participants reported bad sleep, and 66.2% had good family functioning, 16.9% moderate dysfunction, and 16.9% high family dysfunction. There was no statistically significant relationship between the total scores of the instruments on sleep and family functioning. There was statistical significance only between family functioning and other sleep disturbances caused by worry (p=0.019). Conclusion and implications for practice there was a higher proportion of family dysfunction among older caregivers who had sleep disturbances as a function of very frequent worrying compared to the others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep , Health of the Elderly , Caregivers , Social Vulnerability , Family Relations , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
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