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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367395

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the influence of calcium lactate and sodium fluoride mouthwashes on enamel microhardness and dentin permeability during in-office bleaching. Material and Methods: For the microhardness evaluation, enamel blocks were randomly submitted to different treatments associated with in-office bleaching agent using 40% hydrogen peroxide (Opalescence Boost PF 40%/ Ultradent; 3 sessions x 40-minute each) (n = 10): 1) Control: application of bleaching agent; 2) Calcium lactate: 1-minute immersion before bleaching treatment; 3) Sodium fluoride: immersion for 1 minute before bleaching treatment; 4) Calcium lactate + sodium fluoride: 1 minute immersion in calcium lactate solution, followed by 1 minute immersion in sodium fluoride before bleaching treatment. Dentin discs received the same treatment protocols (n = 10) to evaluate permeability. Knoop microhardness and dentin permeability assessments were performed twice (at baseline and 48 hours after the end of bleaching treatment). Results: The generalized linear model considering the design of repeated measures over time showed that there was no significant difference between treatments (p = 0.9577) and between assessments (p = 0.3267) regarding Knoop microhardness. Kruskal Wallis and Dunn tests showed that calcium lactate immersion before bleaching treatment provided higher dentin permeability than other groups (p = 0.0009). Conclusion: The use of sodium fluoride solution and calcium lactate in association with in-office bleaching treatment did not influence the microhardness of tooth enamel, although calcium lactate may increase dentin permeability. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a influência dos enxaguatórios bucais com lactato de cálcio e fluoreto de sódio na microdureza do esmalte e na permeabilidade da dentina durante o clareamento em consultório. Material e Métodos: Para avaliação da microdureza, blocos de esmalte foram submetidos aleatoriamente a diferentes tratamentos associados a agente clareador em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio 40% (Opalescence Boost PF 40% / Ultradent; 3 sessões x 40 minutos cada) (n = 10): 1) Controle: aplicação de agente clareador; 2) Lactato de cálcio: imersão de 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 3) Fluoreto de sódio: imersão por 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 4) Lactato de cálcio + fluoreto de sódio: 1 minuto de imersão em solução de lactato de cálcio, seguido de 1 minuto de imersão em fluoreto de sódio antes do tratamento clareador. Os discos de dentina receberam os mesmos protocolos de tratamento (n = 10) para avaliar a permeabilidade. As avaliações da microdureza Knoop e da permeabilidade dentinária foram realizadas duas vezes (no início do estudo e 48 horas após o término do tratamento clareador). Resultados: O modelo linear generalizado considerando o delineamento de medidas repetidas ao longo do tempo mostrou que não houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos (p = 0,9577) e entre as avaliações (p = 0,3267) em relação à microdureza Knoop. Os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Dunn mostraram que a imersão de lactato de cálcio antes do tratamento clareador proporcionou maior permeabilidade dentinária do que os outros grupos (p = 0,0009). Conclusão: O uso de fluoreto de sódio e lactato de cálcio associado ao clareamento em consultório não influenciou a microdureza do esmalte dentário, embora o lactato de cálcio possa aumentar a permeabilidade dentinária (AU)


Subject(s)
Sodium Fluoride , Tooth Bleaching , Calcarea Lactica , Dentin , Hardness Tests
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 45-54, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345520

ABSTRACT

Abstract The ability of mouth rinses, available in the international market, to form reaction products on demineralized enamel (bioavailability test) was evaluated in vitro. Nine mouth rinses purchased in Chile were evaluated; eight formulated with NaF (one containing 100 µg F/mL and seven containing 226) and one with Na2FPO3 (226 µg F/mL as ion F). Demineralized enamel slabs (n=15 per mouth rinse) were sectioned; one half was subjected to the assigned mouth rinse treatment for 10 min and the other half was used to obtain baseline data. Loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride formed on enamel were determined with an ion-specific electrode and the values were expressed in µg F/cm2. The concentration of fluoride and the pH of the mouth rinses were previously determined. Concentrations of loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride formed on enamel were independently analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). The loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride concentrations (µg F/cm2) formed ranged from 3.2 to 36.2 and 0.4 to 1.7, respectively. Loosely bound fluoride formed on enamel was significantly more effective in discriminating the effect of different commercial mouth rinses than firmly bound fluoride. Mouth rinses with 226 ppm F as NaF and low pH presented significantly greater bioavailability of fluoride on enamel than those with higher pH or lower NaF concentration. The mouth rinse with Na2FPO3 showed low reactivity. Although further studies are necessary, the findings showed that commercial fluoride-containing mouth rinses have important variations in enamel fluoride bioavailability, which may result in differences on anticaries efficacy.


Resumo Os enxaguatórios bucais comerciais fluoretados diferem na concentração e tipo de sal de fluoreto, no pH e têm alguns ingredientes que podem interferir na reatividade do fluoreto com o esmalte desmineralizado. A capacidade de enxaguatórios bucais comerciais de formar produtos de reação em esmalte desmineralizado (teste de biodisponibilidade) foi avaliada in vitro. Nove enxaguatórios bucais adquiridos no Chile foram avaliados, oito formulados com NaF (um contendo 100 µg F/mL e sete contendo 226) e um com Na2FPO3 (226 µg F/mL como íon F). Os blocos de esmalte desmineralizados (n=15 por grupo) foram seccionados, uma metade foi submetida ao tratamento com o enxaguatório designado por 10 min e a outra metade foi usada para dados baseline. Fluoreto fracamente e firmemente ligados formados no esmalte foram determinados com um eletrodo íon-específico e os valores foram expressos em µg F /cm2. A concentração de fluoreto e o pH dos enxaguatórios foi previamente determinada. As concentrações de fluoreto tipo fluoreto fracamente ligado e fortemente ligado formadas no esmalte foram analisadas independentemente por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α=5%). As concentrações de fluoreto fracamente ligado e fortemente ligado formados variaram de 3,2 a 36,2 e 0,4 a 1,7, respectivamente. O fluoreto fracamente ligado formado no esmalte foi significativamente mais eficaz para discriminar o efeito dos diferentes enxaguatórios bucais comerciais do que o fluoreto firmemente ligado. Enxaguatórios bucais com 226 ppm F na forma de NaF e baixo pH apresentaram significativamente maior biodisponibilidade de fluoreto no esmalte do que aqueles com maior pH ou menor concentração de NaF. O enxaguatório com Na2FPO3 apresentou reatividade muito baixa. Embora mais estudos sejam necessários, os resultados mostraram que os enxaguatórios bucais comerciais contendo fluoreto apresentam variações importantes na biodisponibilidade do fluoreto, o que poderia resultar em diferenças na eficácia anticárie.


Subject(s)
Fluorides , Mouthwashes , Sodium Fluoride , Biological Availability , Dental Enamel
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 62-73, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345511

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of a single application of experimental nanocomposite solutions on the prevention of dental caries around orthodontic brackets. The specimens were exposed to mesoporous silica (MS) nanocomposites containing fluoride by association with titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) or sodium fluoride (NaF). Nanocomposites also could contain calcium and groups were described as MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF, and controls (TiF4, and NaF). Specimens were subjected to the formation of a multispecies biofilm to generate a cariogenic challenge. After 24h, both pH and total soluble fluoride concentration of the culture medium were assessed. Mineral loss was evaluated by percentage of surface mineral loss (%SML), mineral volume variation (ΔZ) of inner enamel and polarized light microscopy (PL). Linear (Ra) and volumetric (Sa) surface roughness and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) were used to assess enamel topography. Statistical analyses were conducted considering p<0.05. MSNaF had the highest value of culture medium pH after cariogenic challenge, similarly to MSTiF4. All nanocomposite solutions released less fluoride than their controls NaF and TiF4 (p<0.05). All nanocomposite solutions presented lower %SML compared to their respective control groups (p<0.05). Lower Ra, Sa and ΔZ were observed for experimental groups compared to TiF4 (p<0.05). The results were confirmed by PL and SEM analysis. The experimental nanocomposite solutions contributed for lower enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets.


RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito in vitro de uma única aplicação de soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos na prevenção de cárie dentária em braquetes ortodônticos. Os espécimes foram expostos a nanocompósitos de sílica mesoporosa (MS) contendo fluoreto por associação com tetrafluoreto de titânio (TiF4) ou fluoreto de sódio (NaF). Os nanocompósitos também podem conter cálcio e os grupos foram descritos como MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF e controles (TiF4 e NaF). Os espécimes foram submetidos à formação de um biofilme multiespécie para gerar um desafio cariogênico. Após 24h, o pH e a concentração de flúor solúvel total do meio de cultura foram avaliados. A perda mineral foi avaliada pela porcentagem de perda mineral superficial (% SML), variação do volume mineral (ΔZ) do esmalte interno e microscopia de luz polarizada (PL). A rugosidade superficial linear (Ra) e volumétrica (Sa) e a microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foram utilizadas para avaliar a topografia do esmalte. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas considerando p <0,05. MSNaF apresentou o maior valor de pH do meio de cultura após o desafio cariogênico, semelhante ao MSTiF4. Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos liberaram menos flúor do que seus controles NaF e TiF4 (p <0,05). Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos apresentaram% SML menor em comparação com seus respectivos grupos de controle (p <0,05). Ra, Sa e ΔZ menores foram observados para os grupos experimentais em comparação ao TiF4 (p <0,05). Os resultados foram confirmados por análises PL e SEM. As soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos contribuíram para a menor desmineralização do esmalte ao redor dos braquetes ortodônticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nanocomposites , Sodium Fluoride , Titanium , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Fluorides
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e025, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153615

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the biocompatibility and abrasivity of whitening and conventional toothpastes. Samples of conventional (non-whitening) - Edel White Infant (EWI) - and whitening toothpastes - Edel White Whitening (EWW), Edel White CAREFORTE (EWC), Colgate Total 12 Ò Professional (C), and Oral-B Whitening (OB) - were dissolved in culture medium (0.2 g sample weight per mL). Human gingival fibroblasts (hGF) were placed in contact with different dilutions of culture media that had been previously exposed to these toothpastes. Cytotoxicity was then assessed using the methyl tetrazolium test (MTT) and the cell survival rate was determined. Genotoxicity was assessed by the micronucleus test (MNT) and the number of micronuclei was determined before and after exposure to the toothpaste solutions. The enamel surface roughness was evaluated in specimens of bovine teeth (n = 10 per group) before and after 10,000 brushing cycles, using the investigated toothpastes. The results were statistically analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05). According to the MTT assay, EWW and OB presented significant cytotoxicity (p < 0.01), but no genotoxic (MNT) effects (p > 0.05). C toothpaste was statistically significantly abrasive to the enamel surface (p < 0.01). The findings of this study may be helpful for individualized selection of commercial toothpastes, as some whitening toothpastes present significant cytotoxicity and conventional toothpaste cause significant surface changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Sodium Fluoride , Toothpastes/toxicity , Toothbrushing , Dental Enamel
5.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e203, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1366959

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la degeneración valvular protésica es un problema clínico; los métodos de imagen convencionales permiten diagnosticarla en las últimas etapas. La tomografía por emisión de positrones (PET) con 18Ffluoruro puede detectar de manera precoz la degeneración subclínica. Objetivo: correlacionar parámetros de deterioro estructural protésico por PET con parámetros hemodinámicos ecocardiográficos al año de la sustitución valvular aórtica (SVA) por bioprótesis porcina. Métodos: estudio prospectivo ad hoc de un ensayo clínico. Se reclutaron pacientes sometidos a SVA por bioprótesis porcina en dos centros nacionales entre el 01/01/2019 y el 13/02/2020. Se realizaron controles clínicos y ecocardiográficos. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 19 sujetos a los que se les realizó PET 18Ffluoruro de sodio con angiotomografía al año de la SVA. Se midió la captación del trazador en la válvula (SUVavV) y aurícula derecha (SUVavA), calculando el índice SUVavV/SUVavA, que se comparó con los gradientes ecocardiográficos medio y máximo al año, mediante análisis de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: de 140 sujetos sometidos a SVA se realizó PET a 19, a los 16,3 meses (15,9-16,9) luego de la SVA. La mediana del índice SUVavV/SUVavA fue de 1,17 (1,11-1,27). Se encontró una correlación negativa moderada entre la captación de 18Ffluoruro y el gradiente medio (coeficiente de correlación -0,516, p = 0,028) y máximo (coeficiente -0,589, p = 0,010) al año. Conclusiones: en el seguimiento de los pacientes en los que se le realizó una sustitución valvular aórtica con bioprótesis, encontramos valores bajos de captación en el PET y gradientes ecocardiográficos normales con una correlación negativa moderada entre estos hallazgos


Introduction: prosthetic valve degeneration is a relevant clinical disorder; conventional imaging methods allow diagnosis in the later stages. 18Ffluoride positron emission tomography (PET) can detect subclinical degeneration earlier. Objective: correlate parameters of prosthetic structural deterioration by PET with echocardiographic hemodynamic parameters one year after aortic valve replacement (AVR) by porcine bioprosthesis. Methods: prospective ad hoc study of a clinical trial. Patients undergoing AVR by porcine bioprosthesis were recruited in two national centers between 01/01/2019 and 02/13/2020. Clinical and echocardiographic controls were carried out. 19 subjects were randomly selected and underwent 18Fsodium fluoride PET with CT angiography one year after AVR. Tracer uptake in the valve (SUVavV) and right atrium (SUVavA) was measured, creating the SUVavV/SUVavA index, which was compared with the mean and maximum gradients at one year, using Spearman's correlation analysis. Results: of a total of 140 subjects, PET was performed on 19 at 16.3 months (15.9-16.9) after the AVR. The median SUVavV/SUVavA ratio was 1.17 (1.11-1.27). A moderate negative correlation was found between. 18Ffluoride uptake and the mean gradient (correlation coefficient -0.516, p = 0.028) and maximum (coefficient of -0.589, p = 0.010) at one year. Conclusions: we found low uptake values in PET, echocardiographic gradients in normal range and no positive correlation between both parameters. It is the first national report with these imaging techniques


Introdução: a degeneração da válvula protética é um problema clínico; os métodos convencionais de imagem permitem o diagnóstico nas fases posteriores. A tomografia por emissão de pósitrons (PET) com fluoreto18F pode detectar a degeneração subclínica precocemente. Objetivo: correlacionar parâmetros de deterioração estrutural protética por PET com parâmetros hemodinâmicos ecocardiográficos após um ano da troca valvar aórtica (SVA) por bioprótese suína. Métodos: estudo ad hoc prospectivo de um ensaio clínico. Pacientes submetidos a SVA por bioprótese suína foram recrutados em dois centros nacionais entre 01/01/2019 e 13/02/2020. Foram realizados controles clínicos e ecocardiográficos. 19 indivíduos foram selecionados aleatoriamente que foram submetidos a PET com fluoreto de sódio 18F com angiotomografia um ano após AVS. A captação do traçador na válvula (SUVavV) e átrio direito (SUVavA) foi medida, criando o índice SUVavV/SUVavA, que foi comparado com os gradientes médio e máximo em um ano, usando a análise de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: de um total de 140 indivíduos submetidos a SVA, PET foi realizado em 19, em 16,3 meses (15,9-16,9) após a SVA. A proporção média de SUVavV/SUVavA foi de 1,17 (1,11-1,27). Uma correlação negativa moderada foi encontrada entre a captação de fluoreto18F e o gradiente médio (coeficiente de correlação -0,516, p = 0,028) e máximo (coeficiente de -0,589, p = 0,010) em um ano. Conclusões: encontramos valores baixos de captação na PET, gradientes ecocardiográficos dentro da normalidade, sem correlação positiva entre os dois parâmetros. É o primeiro trabalho nacional com essas técnicas de imagem


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Valve , Sodium Fluoride/administration & dosage , Bioprosthesis , Prosthesis Failure , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Positron-Emission Tomography
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210038, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352133

ABSTRACT

Introduction Fluoride is considered a key element in the remineralization process of tooth enamel. Objective To evaluate the influence of a topical solution of sodium fluoride (NaF) on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets and white spot lesions formation. Material and method Sixty bovine teeth were divided into three groups (n=20). Group 1 (Control): shear bond strength; Group 2: shear bond strength after pH cycling; Group 3: shear bond strength after pH cycling and treatment with 0.04% NaF solution. Groups 2 and 3 underwent pH cycling with demineralizing (6hs) and remineralizing (17hs) solutions at pH of 4.3 and 7.0 respectively for 15 days. The specimens were submitted to the shear bond strength and the Adhesive Remnant Index was verified (ARI). The specimens of each group (n=3) were qualitatively analyzed by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Kruskal-Wallis test assessed the shear bond strength and Fisher's exact test evaluated ARI, with significance level of 5%. Result There was no significant difference among the three groups in shear bond strength (p=0.2679). Significant difference was found in ARI (p=0.0199). The frequency of ARI 1 was 55% in group 1, 90% in group 2, and 80% in group 3. SEM showed difference between the enamel and bonding. Group 2 showed structural change of the enamel surface, adjacent to the bond area; and group 3 showed enamel with characteristics similar to those of group 1. Conclusion It was concluded that there was no NaF influence on the bracket shear bond strength and even in low concentrations it prevented the development of areas of demineralization of white spot lesions.


Introdução O flúor é considerado um elemento chave no processo de remineralização do esmalte dentário. Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da solução tópica de fluoreto de sódio (NaF) na resistência ao cisalhamento da colagem de barquetes ortodônticos durante a formação de lesões de manchas brancas. Material e método Sessenta dentes bovinos foram divididos em três grupos (n=20). Grupo 1 (Controle) - Cisalhamento imediato; Grupo 2 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH; Grupo 3 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH e tratamento com solução de 0,4% de NaF (Ortho Gard, Colgate-Palmolive®). Os Grupos 2 e 3 sofreram ciclagem de pH com soluções de desmineralização e remineralização em pH de 4,3 e 7,0 respectivamente, com ciclos de desmineralização (6 horas) e remineralização (17 horas), durante 15 dias. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união ao cisalhamento e remanescente adesivo (IRA). Espécimes de cada grupo (n=3) foram analisados qualitativamente por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi utilizado para avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento e o teste exato de Fisher para avaliação do IRA, adotando nível de significância de 5%. Resultado Os resultados não encontraram diferença significativa entre os três grupos quanto à força de cisalhamento (p=0,2679). Diferença significativa foi encontrada no IRA (p = 0,0199). A frequência de IRA 1 foi de 55% no grupo 1, 90% no grupo 2 e 80% no grupo 3. A análise em MEV mostrou diferença entre o esmalte e a área de colagem submetida ao cisalhamento. Grupo 2 apresentou alteração estrutural na superfície do esmalte adjacente à área de colagem, e o Grupo 3 apresentou esmalte com característica semelhante ao do Grupo 1 na área que foi submetida à ciclagem de pH e NaF. Conclusão Concluiu-se que não houve influência do flúor na resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes. O uso de soluções fluoretadas, ainda que em baixa concentração, preveniu o aparecimento de áreas desmineralizadas e lesões de manchas brancas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sodium Fluoride , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries , Shear Strength , Orthodontics , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Our study aims to synthesize, characterize, and determine the effects of a ChNPs suspension on human enamel after cariogenic challenge via pH-cycling. Methodology ChNPs were synthesized by ion gelation and characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering. Forty enamel blocks were divided into four groups (n=10/group): (i) ChNPs suspension; (ii) chitosan solution; (iii) 0.05% sodium fluoride (NaF) solution; and (iv) distilled water. Specimens were exposed to cariogenic challenge by cycling in demineralization solution (3 h) and then remineralized (21h) for 7 days. Before each demineralization cycle, the corresponding solutions were passively applied for 90 s. After 7 days, specimens were examined for surface roughness (Ra) and Knoop hardness (KHN) before and after the cariogenic challenge; % KHN change (variation between initial and final hardness), and surface topography by an optical profilometer. The data were analyzed by repeated-measures ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results TEM images showed small spherical particles with diameter and zeta potential values of 79.3 nm and +47.9 mV, respectively. After the challenge, all groups showed an increase in Ra and a decrease in KHN values. Optical profilometry indicated that ChNPs- and NaF-treated specimens showed uneven roughness interspersed with smooth areas and the lowest %KHN values. Conclusion The ChNPs suspension was successfully synthesized and minimized human enamel demineralization after a cariogenic challenge, showing an interesting potential for use as an oral formulation for caries prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Chitosan , Nanoparticles , Sodium Fluoride , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Hardness
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 664-672, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132357

ABSTRACT

Abstract Evaluated the effect of CPP-ACP/NaF and xylitol/NaF varnishes in reduce erosion and progression of erosion. Forty enamel blocks were divided into four groups (n=10): G1=CPP-ACP/NaF varnish (MI varnishTM); G2=xylitol/NaF varnish (Profluorid®); G3=NaF varnish (Duraphat®, positive control) and G4=deionized water (MilliQ®, negative control). Samples were immersed in Sprite ZeroTM (pH 2.58, 4x/day, 3 days), in between immersions, the specimens stayed in artificial saliva. After 3 days of erosion, the eroded area was divided in two (half of one received an additional varnish layer while the other half repeated the same 3-day erosion cycle). The 3D, non-contact profilometry technique was used to determinate tooth structure loss (TSL) and surface roughness (SR). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and 3D images were utilized to evaluate the topography of the samples. Mann-Whitney, one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used (significance level of 0.05%). SEM and 3D images were descriptively evaluated. After 3 or 6 days of erosion, all tested varnishes were better than G4 (p<0.05) for TSL and SR. In addition, G1 had lower values for TSL than G3 (p<0.05) after 3 days of erosion. Under SEM and 3D images observation, all groups presented porosity, irregularities and depressions on the surface enamel after 3 and 6 days of erosion, more pronounced in G4. An application of topical NaF varnishes was effective in reducing TSL and enamel roughness after erosion challenges, being the CCP-ACP/NaF varnish more effective than NaF varnish and water after 3 days of erosion.


Resumo Avaliou-se o efeito dos vernizes CPP-ACP/NaF e xilitol/NaF na redução da erosão e progressão da erosão. Quarenta blocos de esmalte foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10): G1=verniz CPP-ACP/NaF (verniz MITM); G2=verniz xilitol/NaF (Profluorid®); G3=verniz NaF (Duraphat®, controle positivo) e G4=água desionizada (MilliQ®, controle negativo). As amostras foram imersas em refrigerante Sprite ZeroTM (pH 2.58, 4x/dia, 3 dias), entre imersões, os espécimes ficaram em saliva artificial. Após 3 dias de erosão, a área erodida foi dividida em duas (metade recebeu uma camada adicional de verniz, enquanto a outra metade repetiu o mesmo ciclo de erosão de 3 dias). A técnica de perfilometria 3D de não contato foi utilizada para determinar a perda de estrutura dentária (PED) e rugosidade superficial (RS). Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e imagens em 3D foram utilizadas para avaliar a topografia das amostras. Testes de Mann-Whitney, One-way ANOVA e Tukey foram utilizados (nível de significância de 0,05%). Imagens do MEV e 3D foram avaliadas descritivamente. Após 3 ou 6 dias de erosão, todos os vernizes testados foram melhores que G4 (p<0,05) para PED e RS. Além disso, o G1 apresentou menores valores de PED do que o G3 (p<0,05) após 3 dias de erosão. Observando as imagens em MEV e 3D, todos os grupos apresentaram porosidade, irregularidades e depressões no esmalte superficial após 3 e 6 dias de erosão, sendo mais pronunciados no G4. Uma aplicação tópica de vernizes fluoretados foi eficaz na redução da rugosidade e PED do esmalte após desafios de erosão. Além disso, o grupo CPP-ACP/NaF teve melhor desempenho na redução da PED quando comparado ao verniz de NaF e a água, após 3 dias de erosão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Sodium Fluoride , Xylitol , Caseins , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Enamel
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 257-263, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132306

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the fluoride concentration in silver diamine fluoride (SDF) products and their bioavailability with demineralized dentine. The products evaluated (expected fluoride concentrations) were: I: Saforide 38% (45,283 ppm F); II: Advantage Arrest 38.3 to 43.2% (45,283 to 51,013 ppm F); III: Ancárie 12% (14,100 ppm F); IV: Ancárie 30% (35,400 ppm F), V: Cariestop 12% (14,100 ppm F) and VI: Cariestop 30% (35,400 ppm F). The fluoride concentration was evaluated using an ion-specific electrode (ISE) by direct technique, which was confirmed after microdiffusion. The pH of the products was determined with a pH test strip. For the bioavailability test, demineralized dentine slabs were treated with one of the products for 1 min. Loosely (CaF2-like) and firmly-bound fluoride (FAp) were determined. The fluoride concentration found in the products (mean±SD; ppm F) by the ISE direct technique was: I:53,491±554; II:57,249±1,851; III:4,814±268; IV:5,726±43; V:10,145±468; VI:11,858±575; these values were confirmed after microdiffusion (t-test; p>0.05) and disagree with the declared by the manufacturers. The pH of Ancárie 12 and 30% was 6.0 and 4.5, respectively, in disagreement with the alkaline pH expected for SDF solution and found in the other products evaluated. There was no correlation between either CaF2-like (r=0.221; p=0.337) or FAp (r=-0.144; p=0.830) formed in demineralized dentine and fluoride concentration found in the products. The problems of pH and fluoride concentration found in available professional commercial SDF products suggest that they are not under sanitary surveillance.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi determinar a concentração de fluoreto nos produtos de diamino fluoreto de prata (DFP) e sua biodisponibilidade com dentina desmineralizada. Os produtos avaliados (concentrações esperadas de flúor) foram: I: Saforide 38% (45.283 ppm F); II: Advantage Arrest 38,3 a 43,2% (45.283 a 51.013 ppm F); III: Ancárie 12% (14.100 ppm F); IV: Ancárie 30% (35.400 ppm F), V: Cariestop 12% (14.100 ppm F) e VI: Cariestop 30% (35.400 ppm F). A concentração de fluoreto foi avaliada utilizando um eletrodo íon-específico (EIE) por técnica direta, que foi confirmada após microdifusão. O pH dos produtos foi determinado com uma tira de teste de pH. Para o teste de biodisponibilidade, blocos de dentina desmineralizada foram tratados com um dos produtos por 1 min. Fluoreto fracamente (tipo CaF2) e firmemente ligado (FAp) foram determinados. A concentração de fluoreto encontrada nos produtos (média±DP; ppm F) pela técnica direta com EIE foi: I: 53.491±554; II: 57.249±1.851; III: 4.814±268; IV: 5.726±43; V: 10.145±468; VI: 11.858±575; esses valores foram confirmados após microdifusão (teste t; p>0,05) e discordam dos declarados pelos fabricantes. O pH do Ancárie 12 e 30% foi de 6,0 e 4,5, respectivamente, em desacordo com o pH alcalino esperado para a solução de DFP e encontrado nos demais produtos avaliados. Não houve correlação entre CaF2 (r=0,221; p=0,337) ou FAp (r=-0,144; p=0,830) formados na dentina desmineralizada e concentração de fluoreto encontrada nos produtos. Os problemas de pH e concentração de fluoreto encontrados nos produtos comerciais profissionais disponíveis de DFP sugerem que eles não estão sob vigilância sanitária.


Subject(s)
Cariostatic Agents , Fluorides , Sodium Fluoride , Biological Availability , Fluorides, Topical , Silver Compounds , Dentin , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
10.
Actual. osteol ; 16(1): 35-46, Ene - abr. 2020. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139966

ABSTRACT

La erupción dental es un proceso estrictamente regulado y programado espacial y temporalmente. El objetivo del trabajo fue estudiar el efecto de la exposición prenatal a fluoruro de sodio (NaF) sobre los eventos morfológicos y celulares que ocurren en el hueso supracoronal del primer molar de crías de rata durante la etapa preeruptiva. Se emplearon crías (n=6-8 por grupo) provenientes de madres que bebieron crónicamente agua con diferentes concentraciones de F- en forma de NaF durante la gestación y lactancia: control y NaF (50 mg/L). En cortes histológicos de la mandíbula de crías de 3 y 10 días se analizaron parámetros de histomorfometría estática en la zona supracoronal de la canastilla ósea a la altura del primer molar inferior: volumen óseo trabecular [BV/TV (%)], número de osteoclastos por milímetro (N.Oc/mm) y las variables indirectas: número de trabéculas [Tb.N (1/mm)], espesor [Tb.Th (µm)] y separación trabecular [Tb.Sp (µm)]. En crías de 15 días se midió el grado de erupción [TED (µm)] del primer molar inferior. Los resultados se analizaron con el test "t" de Student considerando diferencias significativas a p<0,05. El análisis histomorfométrico demostró un incremento en el BV/TV (%) del hueso supracoronal (p<0,01) asociado con disminución del N.Oc/mm (p<0,01) en crías de 3 y 10 días expuestas prenatalmente al F-. El grado de erupción dental fue menor en animales expuestos prenatalmente al F- en comparación con los controles (p<0,01). En conclusión, los resultados observados en la mandíbula de crías expuestas durante la etapa prenatal y posnatal temprana al F- sugieren un efecto disruptivo sobre la actividad resortiva necesaria para formación del canal eruptivo. (AU)


Tooth eruption is a tightly regulated and spatially and temporally programmed process. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of prenatal NaF exposure on the morphological and cellular events that occur in the supracoronal area of bony crypt of the first rat molar during the preeruptive stage. Offspring from two groups of rats were used (6-8 per group): Control and 50 mg/L NaF. The treatment was performed during pregnancy and lactation. Suckling pups were euthanized at 3-, 10- and 15-days-old by cervical dislocation. Mandibles were removed and histologically processed to obtain buccolingual sections stained with H&E. In sections of first mandibular molar of 3- and 10-days-old pups, the following static histomorphometric parameters were evaluated: trabecular bone volume [BV/TV (%)] and number of osteoclasts (N.Oc/mm). Also, indirect parameters were obtained: trabecular number [Tb.N (1/mm)], trabecular thickness [Tb.Th (µm)], and trabecular separation [Tb.Sp (µm)]. The degree of tooth eruption [TED (µm)] was determined. Results are expressed as mean ± SE and analyzed by Student t-test. Histomorphometric analysis showed an increase in the BV/TV (%) of the bone crypt of 3- and 10- days-old pups exposed to NaF (p <0.01); this increase was associated with a decrease in the N.Oc/mm (p <0.01). TED of mandibular first molar was lower in prenatal NaF exposed group than in control group (p<0.01). In conclusion, the increased BV/TV and the lower N.Oc observed in the bone crypt of 3- and 10- days-old pups from mothers treated with NaF suggested a disruptive effect triggered by F- on the formation events of the eruptive pathway in the offspring. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Rats , Sodium Fluoride/adverse effects , Tooth Eruption , Osteoclasts/cytology , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Sodium Fluoride/administration & dosage , Sodium Fluoride/metabolism , Sodium Fluoride/urine , Sodium Fluoride/chemical synthesis , Rats, Wistar , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Molar/growth & development , Fluorosis, Dental/diagnosis
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 164-170, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132289

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a single application of a new calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticle (Ca2+-MSN) versus other calcium and/or fluoride products against dental erosion. Enamel blocks were half-covered and assigned to six groups (n = 10): Ca2+-MSNs; casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate mousse (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP/F− (900 ppm F−); titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 1%); sodium fluoride (NaF 1.36%); and Milli-Q® water (negative control). A single application for each product was completed on the exposed areas of the blocks and were submitted to an erosive challenge. Differences in volumetric roughness (Sa), and tooth structure loss (TSL) by use of three-dimensional noncontact optical profilometry were evaluate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test for Sa and the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (p< 0.05) for TSL, respectively. Results: When evaluating Sa, all products presented differences in roughness when compared with the control group (p< 0.05) but not with each other (p > 0.05). However, when analyzing the TSL, it was observed that Ca2+-MSNs, TiF4, and NaF were more effective in preventing dental erosion versus CPP-ACP, CPP-ACP/F−, and Milli-Q® water (p< 0.05). In the SEM images, the negative control presented the worst loss of dental structure, with more porous enamel. Ca2+-MSNs were as effective as TiF4 and NaF to reduce the tooth structure loss.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos de uma única aplicação de uma nova nanopartícula de sílica mesoporosa de cálcio (Ca2+ -MSN) versus outros produtos à base de cálcio e / ou fluoreto contra a erosão dentária. Blocos de esmalte foram parcialmente cobertos e distribuídos em seis grupos (n = 10): Ca2+ -MSNs; fosfopeptídeos de caseína/fosfato de cálcio amorfo (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP / F- (900 ppm F-); tetrafluoreto de titânio (TiF4 1%); fluoreto de sódio (NaF 1,36%); e água Milli-Q® (controle negativo). Uma única aplicação para cada produto foi realizada nas áreas expostas dos blocos e submetida a desafio erosivo. Diferenças na rugosidade volumétrica (Sa) e na perda de estrutura dentária (TSL) por meio de perfilometria tridimensional de não contato foram avaliadas. Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foi realizada. Foram realizadas análise de variância e teste de Tukey para os testes Sa e Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05) para TSL, respectivamente. Na avaliação de Sa, todos os produtos apresentaram diferenças de rugosidade quando comparados ao grupo controle (p<0,05), mas não entre si (p> 0,05). No entanto, ao analisar o TSL, observou-se que Ca2+ -MSNs, TiF4 e NaF foram mais eficazes na prevenção da erosão dental versus CPP-ACP, CPP-ACP / F- e Milli-Q® (p<0,05). Nas imagens de MEV, o controle negativo apresentou a pior perda de estrutura dentária, com o esmalte mais poroso. A Ca2+ -MSNs foi tão eficaz quanto o TiF4 e o NaF para reduzir a perda da estrutura dentária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion , Fluorides , Sodium Fluoride , Tooth Remineralization , Caseins , Calcium , Silicon Dioxide , Dental Enamel
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of a calcium nanocompound on the reduction of erosive tooth wear and abrasion. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel specimens (BE), were randomly assigned to the following groups (n = 10): G1 = Calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Ca2+MSNs); G2 = casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP, 2% CPP-ACP, GC®); G3 = casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP, 2% CPP-ACP + 900 ppm F-, GC®); G4 = sodium fluoride NaF (900 ppm F-, positive control); and G5 = distilled and deionized water (negative control). Each product was applied to the exposed area for one minute, three times per day for three consecutive days, and followed by the immersion of the specimens in Sprite Zero™ - a low-pH solution (2.58) for five minutes (Coca-Cola™). After the first and last erosive challenges of the day, the specimens were submitted to abrasion in a toothbrush machine for 15 seconds (200 g/BE). The specimens were analysed using 3D non-contact optical profilometry, with tooth structure loss (TSL) measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TSL values were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: There were no significant differences between G1 (10.95 µm) and G3 (10.80 µm) treatments for TSL values; however both resulted in significantly reduced TSL values compared with the G5 (16.00 µm) (p<0.05). The G4 (12.26 µm) showed no statistically significant difference when compared to the G5 (16.00 µm). The groups G1 and G3 presented higher surface preservation than the G5. Conclusion: Ca2+MSNs was effective for reducing tooth surface loss caused by erosive tooth wear and abrasion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tooth Abrasion/pathology , Tooth Erosion/diagnosis , Calcium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tooth Wear/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel , Nanoparticles , Clinical Trial Protocol , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-11, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116331

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the remineralization potential of theobromine and sodium fluoride gels on artificial caries like lesion. Materials and Methods: Forty longitudinal halves of human mandibular premolars were equally divided into 4 groups of 10 samples each: control group (C), samples were stored in distilled water during the experiment period. The remaining 30 specimens were subjected to demineralization protocol to create caries like lesions. samples were immersed for three days in a demineralization solution (pH 5.0) containing 0.2% carbopol and 0.1% lactic acid saturated with calcium phosphate tribasic. The samples were subdivided into 3 equal groups according to the treatment applied during the pH cycle. Demineralization group "D": no treatment applied. Group "F" treated with 2000 mg/liter sodium fluoride gel. Group "T" treated with 200 mg/liter theobromine gel. The specimens of the two studies groups were subjected to Demineralization- Remineralization PH Cycle Protocol for 5 days (Alternating four steps: 1: Treatment material, fluoride or theobromine ˜= 3 minutes. 2: Demineralizing solution 3 hours. 3: treatment material ˜= 3 minutes. 4: Remineralizing solution till the next cycle). The samples were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDXA). Results: The enamel of the demineralization group was porous with artificial caries like changes exposing the subsurface enamel rods with severe rod core defects. Theobromine gel and fluoride gel groups showed marked improvement in the surface characteristics in the enamel in both groups. Theobromine gel group showed more observable enamel surface improvement than the fluoride gel group. EDXA revealed that the calcium-phosphorus ratio displayed a descending order: (C > T > F > D). The differences between the two tested groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Theobromine gel had more effective remineralizing potential than fluoride gel as a result of its effect in improving the enamel surface characteristics of human teeth. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar o potencial de remineralização dos géis de teobromina e fluoreto de sódio em lesões de cáries artificiais. Materiais e Métodos: Quarenta metades longitudinais de pré-molares inferiores humanos foram igualmente divididas em 4 grupos de 10 amostras cada: grupo controle (C), as amostras foram armazenadas em água destilada durante o período do experimento. As 30 amostras restantes foram submetidas ao protocolo de desmineralização paracriar lesões artificiais de cárie. As amostras foram imersas por três dias em uma solução de desmineralização (pH 5,0) contendo 0,2% de carbopol e 0,1% de ácido lático saturado com fosfato de cálcio tribásico. As amostras foram subdivididas em 3 grupos iguais, de acordo com o tratamento aplicado durante o ciclo do pH. Grupo de desmineralização "D": nenhum tratamento aplicado. Grupo "F" tratado com 2000 mg / litro de fluoreto de sódio em gel. Grupo & quot;T &q uot; tratado com 200 mg / litro de gel de teobromina. As amostras dos dois grupos de estudo foram submetidas ao protocolo de ciclo de desmineralização - remineralização por 5 dias (quatro etapas alternativas: 1: material de tratamento, flúor ou teobromina ˜= 3 minutos. 2: solução desmineralizante 3 horas. 3: material de tratamento ˜= 3 minutos 4: Solução de remineralização até o próximo ciclo). As amostras foram investigadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura(MEV) e análise de raios-x dispersivos de energia (EDXA). Resultados: O esmalte do grupo de desmineralização era poroso, com cáries artificiais, como alterações que expunham as hastes de esmalte do subsolo com graves defeitos no núcleo da haste. Os grupos gel de teobromina e flúor apresentaram melhora acentuada nas características da superfície do esmalte nos dois grupos. O grupo gel de teobromina mostrou uma melhoria na superfície do esmalte mais observável do que o grupo gel de fluoreto. A EDXA revelou que a razão cálcio-fósforo exibia uma ordem decrescente: (C> T> F> D). As diferenças entre os dois grupos testados não foram estatisticamente significantes. Conclusão: O gel de teobromina teve um potencial remineralizante mais eficaz que o gel de flúor como resultado de seu efeito na melhoria das características da superfície do esmalte dos dentes humanos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Theobromine/therapeutic use , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel/ultrastructure , Hardness Tests , Microscopy
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200131, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134780

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective There is increasingly common the consumption more times a day of foods and acidic drinks in the diet of the population. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of a calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticle single application of other calcium and/or fluoride products in reducing the progression of dental erosion. Methodology Half of the eroded area was covered of 60 blocks of enamel, after which the block was submitted to the following treatments: (Ca2+-MSN), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP/F-(900 ppm F−); titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 1%) (positive control); sodium fluoride (NaF 1.36%) (positive control); and Milli-Q® water (negative control) before being submitted to a second erosive challenge. A surface analysis was performed via a three-dimensional (3D) noncontact optical profilometry to assess the volumetric roughness (Sa) and tooth structure loss (TSL) and and through scanning electron microscopy (MEV). An analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test were performed. Results Regarding Sa, all experimental groups exhibited less roughness than the control (p<0.05). The TSL analysis revealed that the Ca2+-MSN and NaF groups were similar (p>0.05) and more effective in minimizing tooth loss compared with the other groups (p<0.05). Conclusions The Ca2+-MSN and NaF treatments were superior compared with the others and the negative control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Remineralization , Nanoparticles , Sodium Fluoride , Caseins , Calcium , Silicon Dioxide , Fluorides
15.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2020. 64 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396453

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a rugosidade, a obliteração dos túbulos dentinários e a permeabilidade da dentina erodida e escovada com diferentes dentifrícios. Noventa dentes bovinos foram seccionadas em blocos, sendo que em trinta a hemiface foi protegida com verniz ácido resistente e sessenta foram submetidos ao teste de permeabilidade. Os espécimes foram divididos de acordo com os dentifrícios: sem flúor (SF), com fluoreto de sódio (NaF) e com fluoreto de estanho (SnF2). Em seguida, os blocos foram submetidos a um protocolo erosivo-abrasivo por 5 dias. As análises de rugosidade superficial e obliteração dos túbulos dentinários (n=10) foram realizadas nas hemifaces controle e teste do mesmo espécime e a análise da permeabilidade (n=20) foi realizada novamente. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes de ANOVA a dois critérios medidas repetidas e pós teste de Tukey (p≤0,05). Os grupos NaF e SnF2 apresentaram maior rugosidade comparando-se ao SF. O grupo SF apresentou a maior quantidade de túbulos abertos quanto comparado aos demais. Não houve diferença significativa na permeabilidade pós-ciclagem entre os dentifrícios SF e NaF, contudo o dentifrício SnF2 apresentou maior permeabilidade comparando-se aos demais. Ambos os dentifrícios contendo flúor tiveram oclusão efetiva dos túbulos dentinários; contudo, os efeitos da presença de fluoreto de estanho na permeabilidade podem ser neutralizados pela abrasão deste dentifrício(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the roughness, dentin tubule occlusion and permeability of eroded dentin brushed with different toothpastes. Ninety bovine teeth were sectioned in blocks. The hemiface of thirty specimens was protect with acid resistant varnish and sixty were submitted to permeability test. The specimens were divided according to the dentifrices: without fluoride (WF), sodium fluoride (NaF) and stannous fluoride (SnF2). Then, the blocks were submitted to erosive-abrasive protocol for 5 days. The analysis of surface roughness and dentin tubule occlusion (n=10) were performed on control and test hemifaces of the same sample and permeability analysis (n=20) was again performed. Data were analyzed by two-way RM ANOVA and Tukey tests (p≤0.05). NaF and SnF2 groups presented higher roughness when compared with WF. WF group presented larger number of opened tubules compared to the others. No significant differences were found between WF and NaF for permeability; however, SnF2 presented higher hydraulic conductance compared to other dentifrices. In conclusion, both fluoride-containing toothpastes had promising tubule occlusion; however, the effects on permeability of stannous formulation may be counteracted by the effects of abrasion from this dentifrice(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Dentifrices , Dentin Permeability , Dentin Desensitizing Agents , Sodium Fluoride , Tin Fluorides , Toothpastes , Dentin , Fluorides
16.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 105 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1048290

ABSTRACT

O desgaste erosivo tem sido reconhecido como uma condição frequente nos últimos anos, principalmente devido a mudanças nos hábitos alimentares e comportamentais das populações em geral. Considerando a natureza irreversível desta condição, o diagnóstico precoce e a adoção de medidas preventivas são muito importantes. Dentre elas, a adição de polímeros a produtos de higiene bucal associados ou não a fluoretos apresenta-se como uma alternativa promissora, já que alguns polímeros apresentam compatibilidade com as estruturas dentais e capacidade de formação de um filme protetor. Este estudo foi subdivido em três artigos que visaram, através de diferentes abordagens, investigar o efeito anti- erosivo de polímeros formadores de filme, bem como o efeito da associação destes com fluoretos. O primeiro artigo consistiu em uma revisão da literatura sobre aspectos relacionados ao potencial de utilização dos polímeros para a prevenção da erosão dental. O segundo artigo consistiu em um estudo de varredura para verificar a capacidade de redução da dissolução da hidroxiapatita promovida por soluções contendo quatro polímeros (polioxirano, hidroxipropilmetilcelulose, pectina e um copolímero do polimetacrilato) associadas ou não com fluoreto de sódio -F (225 ppm F- ) e fluoreto de sódio + cloreto de estanho (800 ppm Sn2+) - FS. A mensuração do potencial zeta da hidroxiapatita dispersa tratada com as soluções experimentais foi realizada a fim de complementar a análise. O terceiro artigo consistiu em um estudo de ciclagem erosiva/reendurecedora na presença de película adquirida que se propôs a investigar o potencial de remineralização, potencial de proteção, a perda superficial e a tensão superficial do esmalte após o tratamento com as soluções contendo o copolímero do polimetacrilato. Concluiu- se que a utilização de polímeros formadores de filme, associados ou não a fluoretos, constitui uma abordagem promissora para prevenção da erosão dental. Dentre os polímeros investigados, o copolímero do polimetacrilato é um promissor agente para ser adicionado à produtos de higiene bucal visando a prevenção dos desgastes erosivos(AU)


Erosive wear has been recognized as a frequent condition in recent years, mainly due to changes in the dietary and behavioral habits of the general population. Considering the irreversible nature of this condition, early diagnosis and the adoption of preventive measures are very important. Among them, the addition of polymers to oral care products associated or not with fluorides is a promising alternative, as some polymers have compatibility with dental structures and ability to form a protective film. This study was subdivided into three articles that aimed, through different approaches, to investigate the anti-erosive effect of film- forming polymers, as well as the effect of their association with fluorides. The first article consisted of a literature review about aspects related to the potential use of polymers to prevent dental erosion. The second article consisted of a scanning study to verify the ability to decrease the hydroxyapatite dissolution promoted by solutions containing four polymers (polyoxyrane, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, pectin and a polymethacrylate copolymer) associated or not with sodium fluoride -F (225 ppm F- ) and sodium fluoride + tin chloride (800 ppm Sn2+ ) -FS. Measurement of the zeta potential of dispersed hydroxyapatite treated with experimental solutions was performed to complement the analysis. The third article consisted of an erosive/rehardening cycling study in the presence of acquired pellicle that aimed to investigate remineralization potential, protection potential, surface loss and surface tension of the enamel after treatment with solutions containing the polymethacrylate. It was concluded that the use of film- forming polymers, associated or not with fluorides, is a promising approach for the prevention of dental erosion. Among the polymers investigated, the polymethacrylate copolymer is a promising agent to be added to oral hygiene products to prevent erosive wear(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Erosion/complications , Polymers/administration & dosage , Sodium Fluoride/adverse effects , Tin/adverse effects , Dental Enamel/injuries
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e051, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011664

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine the concentration of total fluoride (TF) and total soluble fluoride (TSF) in children's dentifrices marketed in the city of Lima, Peru. Three samples of 23 dentifrices (4 without fluoride and 19 with fluoride) were purchased in different pharmacies in Lima, Peru. The TF and TSF concentrations found in the dentifrices were determined by ion-selective electrode, expressed in ppm F (μg F/g of dentifrice). The TF concentration in the majority of the fluoride toothpastes matched that shown on the label, except for one declared as 1450 ppm F by the manufacturer, whereas only 515.1 ppm F was found. The concentration of TSF found in the fluoride toothpastes ranged from 457.5 to 1134.8 ppm F. All the dentifrices were formulated with silica, but one also presented calcium carbonate. In conclusion, 83% of the children's dentifrices marketed in Lima, Peru, were fluoridated, but only 53% contained a TSF concentration greater than 1000 ppm F, the minimum concentration required to provide an anticaries effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Toothpastes/analysis , Cariostatic Agents/analysis , Fluorides/analysis , Peru , Product Labeling , Sodium Fluoride/analysis , Toothpastes/classification , Toothpastes/pharmacokinetics , Cariostatic Agents/classification , Cariostatic Agents/pharmacokinetics , Fluoridation , Fluorides/pharmacokinetics
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e015, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989477

ABSTRACT

Abstract We assessed the effect of a new coating material based on resin-modified glass-ionomer with calcium (Ca) in inhibiting the demineralization of underlying and adjacent areas surrounding caries-like lesions in enamel. The measures used were surface hardness (SH) and cross-sectional hardness (CSH). Thirty-six bovine enamel specimens (3 × 6 × 2 mm) were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 12): No treatment (NT); resin-modified glass-ionomer with Ca (Clinpro XT Varnish, 3M ESPE) (CL), and fluoride varnish (Duraphat, Colgate) (DU). The specimens were subjected to alternated immersions in demineralizing (6 h) and remineralizing solutions (18 h) for 7 days. SH measurements were conducted at standard distances of 150, 300, and 450 µm from the treatment area. CSH evaluated the mean hardness profile over the depth of the enamel surface and at standard distances from the materials. The energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis was conducted to evaluate the demineralization bands created on the sublayer by % of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and fluoride (F). Ca/P weight ratio was also calculated. Based on SH and CSH measurements, there was no difference between groups at the distances 150 µm (p = 0.882), 300 µm (p = 0.995), and 450 µm (p = 0.998). Up to 50 µm depth (at 150 µm from the treatment area), CL showed better performance than DU ( p< 0.05). NT presented higher loss of Ca and P than CL and DU (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the % of F ion among the three groups. The new coating material was similar to F varnish in attenuating enamel demineralization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Calcium/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Random Allocation , Fluorides, Topical/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
19.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20180130, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1004375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Much advertising in mouthwash is conveyed in all media appealing to the anti-plaque effect and rendering a disservice to the community. Mouth rinses are available over-the-count and differ on their compositions and antimicrobial effectiveness. Objective In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of 35 widely available mouth rinses against bacterial species involved in initiation of dental biofilm - Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, and Streptococcus sanguinis. Material and method The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and the Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of the evaluated mouth rinses were determined according to the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute protocols. Data were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney post hoc (α=0.05). Result About 70% of the mouth rinses achieved high antibacterial activity and 30%, a low antibacterial activity against all the species tested. The most ineffective mouth rinse showed antibacterial activity (MIC) at 1:1 dilution, while the most effective showed activity even at 1:2048 dilution, which may imply prolonged effect in the mouth. About 51% of mouth rinses showed bactericidal activity, and it was verified that cetylpyridinium chloride or chlorhexidine digluconate containing in the formulation were associated with the highest activity. Conclusion Most - but not all - mouth rinses commercially available are effective in inhibiting in vitro initial colonizers of dental surfaces.


Resumo Introdução Muita publicidade sobre enxaguatórios bucais é veiculada em todos os meios de comunicação apelando para o efeito anti-placa e prestando um desserviço à comunidade. Grande quantidade de enxaguatórios bucais está disponível no mercado e estes diferem em suas composições e eficácia antimicrobiana. Objetivo Neste estudo, avaliamos a atividade antimicrobiana de 35 enxaguatórios bucais amplamente disponíveis contra espécies bacterianas envolvidas na iniciação do biofilme dental - Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius e Streptococcus sanguinis. Material e método A Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) e a Concentração Bactericida Mínima (CBM) dos enxaguatórios avaliados foram determinadas de acordo com os protocolos do Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney post hoc (α=0,05). Resultado Aproximadamente 70% dos enxaguatórios bucais alcançaram alta atividade antibacteriana e 30%, baixa atividade antibacteriana contra todas as espécies testadas. O enxaguatório bucal mais ineficaz mostrou atividade antibacteriana (CIM) na diluição de 1:1, enquanto a mais eficaz mostrou atividade mesmo na diluição de 1:2048, o que pode implicar em efeito prolongado na boca. Cerca de 51% dos enxaguatórios bucais apresentaram atividade bactericida, e verificou-se que formulações contendo cloreto de cetilpiridíneo ou digluconato de clorexidina estavam associados à maior atividade. Conclusão A maior parte - mas não todos - dos enxaguatórios bucais comercialmente disponíveis são eficazes na inibição de colonizadores iniciais de superfícies dentárias in vitro.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Efficacy , Dentition , Mouthwashes , Sodium Fluoride , In Vitro Techniques , Cetylpyridinium , Chlorhexidine , Biofilms , Streptococcus oralis , Streptococcus mitis , Streptococcus gordonii , Streptococcus salivarius , Anti-Bacterial Agents
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180230, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984573

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To study the fluoride uptake and release properties of glass carbomer dental cements and compare them with those of conventional and resin-modified glass ionomers. Materials and Methods Three materials were used, as follows: glass carbomer (Glass Fill), conventional glass ionomer (Chemfil Rock) and resin-modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC). For all materials, specimens (sets of six) were matured at room temperature for time intervals of 10 minutes, 1 hour and 6 weeks, then exposed to either deionized water or sodium fluoride solution (1000 ppm in fluoride) for 24 hours. Following this, all specimens were placed in deionized water for additional 24 hours and fluoride release was measured. Results Storage in water led to increase in mass in all cases due to water uptake, with uptake varying with maturing time and material type. Storage in aqueous NaF led to variable results. Glass carbomer showed mass losses at all maturing times, whereas the conventional glass ionomer gained mass for some maturing times, and the resin-modified glass ionomer gained mass for all maturing times. All materials released fluoride into deionized water, with glass carbomer showing the highest release. For both types of glass ionomer, uptake of fluoride led to enhanced fluoride release into deionized water. In contrast, uptake by glass carbomer did not lead to increased fluoride release, although it was substantially higher than the uptake by both types of glass ionomer. Conclusions Glass carbomer resembles glass ionomer cements in its fluoride uptake behavior but differs when considering that its fluoride uptake does not lead to increased fluoride release.


Subject(s)
Apatites/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Fluorides/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Resins, Synthetic/chemistry , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Aluminum Silicates/chemistry
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