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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 672-675, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376762

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Physical training is a well-known training method in competitive sports. However, in the majority of the physical training classes, the focus is still on the traditional exercises of physical conditioning as strength, speed, resistance, etc., directed for young athletes that are in the growth and development phase, without a literary base to assure actual effectiveness in the load increases for the athletic performance facing the risks in the athletes' physical proprioception. Objective Explores the effect of functional training on the physical sensibility of sports athletes. Methods The data collection method is used in the daily training of six notable athletes in a district sports school: judo, martial arts, wrestling, tennis team, swimming team, and table tennis team, adding the functional training protocol in body movement. Results The average performance of the groups before and after the experiment was collected and confronted, the difference test was performed, and the test result found P>0.05. The athletes in the experimental group not only improved the footwork speed and physical coordination, the movement speed of the footwork and the speed of the connection between movements increased significantly in the sixth week, reflecting more excellent stability and motor coordination in the movements. Proprioception is one of the essential sports qualities of the human body; it is directly related to physical qualities such as speed and strength and is also closely related to the different neural pathways. Conclusion Functional training can improve athletes' physical flexibility and motor coordination; it can also stimulate body proprioceptors, increase athletes' confidence, and make training more efficient and effective. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O treinamento físico é um método de treinamento bastante conhecido em esportes competitivos. Porém, na maioria das aulas de treinamento físico, o foco ainda está nos exercícios tradicionais de condicionamento físico como força, velocidade, resistência, etc., voltados para jovens atletas que estão em fase de crescimento e desenvolvimento, sem embasamento literário para assegurar uma real eficácia nos aumentos de carga para o desempenho atlético frente aos riscos na propriocepção física dos atletas. Objetivo Explorar o efeito do treinamento funcional na sensibilidade física de atletas esportivos. Métodos O método de coleta de dados é utilizado no treinamento diário de seis diferentes atletas especiais em uma escola de esportes distrital: judô, artes marciais, luta livre, equipe de tênis, equipe de natação e equipe de tênis de mesa, agregando o protocolo de treino funcional em movimento corporal. Resultados O desempenho médio dos grupos antes e depois do experimento foram coletados e confrontados, o teste de diferença foi realizado, sendo o resultado do teste encontrado P>0,05. Os atletas do grupo experimental não apenas melhoraram a velocidade de trabalho com os pés e a coordenação física, a velocidade do movimento do trabalho com os pés e a velocidade da conexão entre os movimentos aumentaram significativamente na sexta semana, refletindo maior estabilidade e coordenação motora nos movimentos. A propriocepção é uma das qualidades esportivas essenciais do corpo humano, não está apenas diretamente relacionada às qualidades físicas, como velocidade e força, mas também está intimamente relacionada as diferentes vias neurais. Conclusão O treinamento funcional pode melhorar a flexibilidade física e a coordenação motora dos atletas; também pode estimular os proprioceptores corporais, aumentar a confiança dos atletas e tornar o treinamento mais eficiente e eficaz. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El entrenamiento físico es un método de entrenamiento muy conocido en los deportes de competición. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de las clases de entrenamiento físico, el enfoque sigue siendo los ejercicios tradicionales de acondicionamiento físico como fuerza, velocidad, resistencia, etc., dirigidos para jóvenes atletas que están en fase de crecimiento y desarrollo, sin base literaria para asegurar una eficacia real en los aumentos de carga para el rendimiento atlético frente a los riesgos en la propiocepción física de los atletas. Objetivo Explorar el efecto del entrenamiento funcional en la sensibilidad física de los deportistas. Métodos El método de recogida de datos se utiliza en el entrenamiento diario de seis atletas especiales diferentes en una escuela deportiva distrital: judo, artes marciales, lucha, equipo de tenis, equipo de natación y equipo de tenis de mesa, añadiendo el protocolo de entrenamiento funcional en el movimiento corporal. Resultados Se recogió el rendimiento medio de los grupos antes y después del experimento y se confrontó, se realizó la prueba de la diferencia y el resultado de la prueba fue P>0,05. Los atletas del grupo experimental no sólo mejoraron la velocidad del trabajo de pies y la coordinación física, sino que la velocidad del movimiento de pies y la velocidad de la conexión entre los movimientos aumentaron significativamente en la sexta semana, lo que refleja una mayor estabilidad y coordinación motora en los movimientos. La propiocepción es una de las cualidades deportivas esenciales del cuerpo humano, no sólo está directamente relacionada con cualidades físicas como la velocidad y la fuerza, sino que también está estrechamente relacionada con las diferentes vías neuronales. Conclusión El entrenamiento funcional puede mejorar la flexibilidad física y la coordinación motora de los atletas; también puede estimular los propioceptores corporales, aumentar la confianza de los atletas y hacer que el entrenamiento sea más eficiente y eficaz. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Proprioception/physiology , Sports/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Athletes , Motor Skills/physiology
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 304-315, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375639

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Obesity and overweight in childhood can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease throughout live. Objectives This study provides an update of a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) published in 2014, to assess the effects of physical activity interventions on preventing cardiovascular risk factors in childhood. Methods This update combines data from the previous search with new data obtained from June 2013 to June 2020. Searches were performed on PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL. The RCTs enrolled used interventions with physical activity longer than six months in school children aged 6-12 years, and evaluated body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Data analysis was performed using a random-effects model and a P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results A total of 28,603 articles were retrieved, and 17 RCTs (11,952 subjects) were included. Physical activity interventions were associated with reduction in SBP [−2.11mmHg (95%CI −3.67, −0.54), I243%], DBP [−2.08mmHg (95%CI −3.68, −0,49), I265%] and TG [-0.08mmol/L (95% CI -0.13, -0.03), I20%], and increase in TC [0.17mmol/L (95%CI 0.04, 0.30), I20%]. However, the interventions were not associated with reductions in BMI [−0.03 kg/m2 (95%CI −0.17, 0.10), I20%]. Conclusion This update confirms and reinforces the beneficial effects of physical activity intervention in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure and TG levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Sports , Students , Exercise Test , Pediatric Obesity , Physical Conditioning, Human
4.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e801, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383633

ABSTRACT

Se presentan, en un trabajo conjunto, las recomendaciones para la evaluación cardiovascular de personas menores de 35 años que realizan ejercicio y deportes. Se establecen pautas en cuanto a la valoración y la habilitación que tendrá dicha evaluación, quiénes estarán a cargo de su realización y cuáles son los componentes fundamentales de una correcta valoración cardiovascular. Se toman en cuenta los antecedentes familiares y personales, el examen físico exhaustivo y se considera conveniente la realización del ECG como parte integrante obligatorio. Se hacen referencia a otros estudios funcionales como opcionales, así como la posible derivación a los especialistas cuando se considere necesario.


We hereby present joint recommendations for cardiovascular assessment of people under 35 years of age who do exercise and sports. We set the guidelines regarding evaluation and score of such assessment, the agents in charge of implementing it and the main components of a correct cardiovascular assessment. We take into account the family and personal history and perform a comprehensive physical examination as well as an ECG as a mandatory part of this comprehensive approach. We mention other optional functional studies as well as reference to specialists whenever necessary.


Apresentamos através dum paper conjunto recomendações para a avaliação cardiovascular de pessoas de 35 anos de idade que praticam exercício e esportes. Estabelecem-se as diretrizes quanto à qualificação dessa avaliação, quem a realizará e quais são os componentes fundamentais de uma correta avaliação cardiovascular. Consideramos obrigatório incluir a história familiar e pessoal, o exame físico exaustivo e o ECG opcional. Referimo-nos a outros estudos funcionais opcionais, assim como ao possível encaminhamento para especialistas quando for necessário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sports , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Physical Examination , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Electrocardiography , Medical History Taking
5.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 65-75, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361187

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Affectivity has a fundamental role in educational systems' training process. However, there are no updated studies that show the different socio-affective agents used in the creation of physical habits in the child and adolescent population in school systems. Objective: To review and analyze previously published research that studied the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits in school systems. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted with articles published between 2010 and 2020, which connected affectivity and physical habits. The electronic search was performed through Web of Science, Scopus, and Scielo databases. All articles that studied the influence of affectivity on the population's physical habits were included. Results: Three studies that analyzed the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits were found. Conclusions: At the end of the systematic review, it was demonstrated that there is a significant relationship between affectivity and the physical habits in child and adolescent populations. It was also possible to observe that this influence, positive or negative, determines the child and adolescent population's interest in physical activity and sports in adult life.


Introducción: La afectividad tiene un papel fundamental dentro del proceso de formación en los sistemas educativos. Sin embargo, no existen estudios actualizados que evidencien los diversos agentes socioafectivos utilizados en la creación de hábitos físicos en la población infantil y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Objetivo: Analizar investigaciones previamente publicadas que estudiaron la influencia de la afectividad en los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Materiales y métodos: El estudio corresponde a una revisión sistemática. Se evaluaron artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2020 que relacionaron afectividad y hábitos físicos. La búsqueda electrónica se realizó a través de las bases Web of Science, Scopus y Scielo. Se incluyeron todos los artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de la población. Resultados: Se encontraron tres artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescentes. Conclusiones: Al término de la revisión sistemática, se demostró que existe una tremenda influencia entre la afectividad y los hábitos físicos de la población infantil y adolescente. También se pudo observar que esta influencia, positiva o negativa, condiciona el interés de la población infantil y juvenil por la actividad física y el deporte en la vida adulta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Psychology , Sports , Exercise , Education , Habits , Motor Activity
6.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 200-247, mar.2022. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1368649

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se analisar a gênese e o desenvolvimento da Ação Programática/Programa Rede CEDES, da Secretaria Nacional de Desenvolvimento de Esporte e Lazer do Ministério do Esporte, visando identificar estratégias de gestão, seus resultados, bem como determinantes socioculturais, econômicos e políticos presentes. Estudo de natureza quali-quantitativa que reuniu pesquisa documental, bibliográfica e informações obtidas por entrevistas realizadas com gestores(as) e pesquisadores(as) participantes da experiência analisada. Identificamos uma experiência de Política Pública de Esporte e Lazer que prezou pela gestão participativa em rede e culminou na criação de Centros de Pesquisas em cada Unidade da Federação, que alcançaram resultados significativos, considerando sua diversidade, convivência entre o estruturado e o não estruturado, articulações, rede de conhecimento, formação e informação.


The aim of this study was to analyze the genesis and development of programmatic action - CEDES Network Program, of the National Secretariat for Sport and Leisure Development of the Ministry of Sport, in order to identify management strategies, their results, as well as sociocultural, economic and political determinants present. A qualitative-quantitative study that gathered documentary, bibliographic and information research obtained from interviews with managers and researchers participating in the analyzed experience. We identified an experience of public policy of sport and leisure that valued participatory management in network and resulted in the creation of Research Centers in each City of the Federation, and that produced significant results, considering their diversity, the coexistence between the structured and the unstructured, articulations, knowledge network, training, and information.


Subject(s)
Organization and Administration , Public Policy , Sports/legislation & jurisprudence , Local Health Strategies , Federal Government , Information Dissemination/methods , Leisure Activities
7.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 68-101, mar.2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1367145

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta investigação científica foi analisar o financiamento e gasto do orçamento público federal com a infraestrutura urbana de esporte de 2004 a 2019. O estudo se caracteriza como uma pesquisa descritivo-exploratória, de cunho quantiqualitativo, desenvolvida a partir de levantamento documental no Siga Brasil, tendo sido os dados analisados a partir dos indicadores "fontes de financiamento", "magnitude" e "direção do gasto". A maioria dos recursos para infraestrutura de esporte foi proveniente do Ministério do Esporte/Secretaria Especial do Esporte e de recursos ordinários advindos de emendas parlamentares. Ao longo do tempo oscilaram bastante os referidos gastos, tendo eles sofrido contingenciamentos. O direcionamento dos recursos se deu, principalmente, com grandes eventos esportivos e esteve concentrado na região Sudeste.


The objective of this scientific investigation was to analyze the financing and expenditure of the federal public budget on urban sports infrastructure from 2004 to 2019. The study is characterized as descriptive-exploratory research, with a quantitative and qualitative nature, developed from a survey document in Siga Brasil, the data having been analyzed based on indicators of funding sources, magnitude and direction of expenditure. Most of the resources for sports infrastructure came from the Ministério do Esporte/Secretaria Especial do Esporte and from ordinary resources arising from parliamentary amendments. Over time, these expenses fluctuated a lot, having suffered restrictions. The allocation of resources took place, mainly, with major sporting events and were concentrated in the Southeast region.


Subject(s)
Public Policy/economics , Sports , Budgets/organization & administration , Urban Area , Infrastructure Projects
8.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 394-424, mar.2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371738

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo pretende analisar as tramas que contribuíram para a construção da entidade máxima do futebol mineiro, as Ligas Mineiras de futebol, no período de 1904 a 1933. Entendo que a história social de Belo Horizonte e os diferentes indícios encontrados na imprensa no período analisado demonstram a importância das entidades que regulavam o esporte em questão, num contexto de muitas disputas entre pessoas e instituições que pertenciam ao campo esportivo na cidade. As fontes consultadas foram os jornais disponíveis na capital mineira no período em questão, e que possibilitaram através da análise seriada dos documentos construir uma narrativa das experiências das pessoas que se envolviam no cenário futebolístico de Belo Horizonte nas primeiras décadas do século XX.


This article intends to analyze the plots that contributed to the construction of the maximum entity of Minas Gerais football, the Minas Gerais football leagues, in the period from 1904 to 1933. I understand that the social history of Belo Horizonte and the different signs found in the press in the analyzed period demonstrate the importance of the entities that regulated the sport in question, in a context of many disputes between people and institutions that belonged to the sports field in the city. The sources consulted were the newspapers available in the capital of Minas Gerais in the period in question, which made it possible, through the serial analysis of the documents, to build a narrative of the experiences of people who were involved in the football scene in Belo Horizonte in the first decades of the 20th century.


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer , Cities , Cultural Characteristics , History , Mass Media , Sports/legislation & jurisprudence
9.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 25Fev. 2022. Tab, Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392918

ABSTRACT

Investigar grupos de pesquisa (GPs) possibilita visualizar como está o desenvolvimento científico de uma área do conhecimento. Este estudo objetivou descrever a trajetória dos GPs da educação física no Brasil, caracterizando sua distribuição geográfica e vinculação nas linhas de pesquisa Escola, Saúde e Esporte. Foi realizada busca parametrizada no painel Lattes do Diretório de GPs. Desde 1993 houve crescimento no número de GP. Houve maior concentração nas regiões sudeste (n=250), sul (n=181) e nos estados de São Paulo (n=126) e Paraná (n=72). Alocou-se maior número de GPs na temática Esporte (n=247), seguido da Escola (n=122) e Saúde (n=113). Incentiva-se a nucleação de GPs nas regiões com menor número, de modo a promover o desenvolvimento científico em todo o país (AU).


o investigate research groups (RG) enable to visualize how is going the scientific development of a knowledge area. The aim of this study was to analyze the trajectory of physical education RG in Brazil, and characterize its geography distribution, and its distribution by research line (school, health and sports). A parameterized search at the DGOB Lattes was made. Since 1993 increase the number of RG. Higher concentration were found in southeast (n=250), South (n=181) and in São Paulo (n=126) and Paraná (72) state. Higher number of RG were found in Sport (n=247), follow by school (n=122) and health (n=113). Incentive is needed to increase the RG number in regions with lower numbers with the aim to develop the science in all country (AU).


Investigar grupos de investigación (GI) permite visualizar el desarrollo científico de un área de conocimiento. O el propósito de la investigación fue analizar la trayectoria de los GI de educación física en Brasil, caracterizando su distribución geográfica y lo vínculo con las líneas de investigación Escuela, Salud y Deporte. Se realizó una búsqueda paramétrica en el DGPB Lattes. Desde 1993, aumentado el número de GI. Mayor número en las regiones Sureste (n=250) y Sur (n=181) en los estados de São Paulo (n=126) y Paraná (72). Mayor número en los temas deporte (n=247), Escuela (n=122) y Salud (n=113). Se fomenta el aumento de GP en las regiones con menor número para promover el desarrollo científico en todo el país (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Schools , Sports , Brazil , Health , Research Groups , Knowledge
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 14-24, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The risk of sports-related sudden cardiac arrest after COVID-19 infection can be a serious problem. There is an urgent need for evidence-based criteria to ensure patient safety before resuming exercise. Objective: To estimate the pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury caused by COVID-19 and to provide an easy-to-use cardiovascular risk assessment toolkit prior to resuming sports activities after COVID-19 infection. Methods: We searched the Medline and Cochrane databases for articles on the prevalence of acute myocardial injury associated with COVID-19 infection. The pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury was calculated for hospitalized patients treated in different settings (non-intensive care unit [ICU], ICU, overall hospitalization, and non-survivors). Statistical significance was accepted for p values <0.05. We propose a practical flowchart to assess the cardiovascular risk of individuals who recovered from COVID-19 before resuming sports activities. Results: A total of 20 studies (6,573 patients) were included. The overall pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury in hospitalized patients was 21.7% (95% CI 17.3-26.5%). The non-ICU setting had the lowest prevalence (9.5%, 95% CI 1.5-23.4%), followed by the ICU setting (44.9%, 95% CI 27.7-62.8%), and the cohort of non-survivors (57.7% with 95% CI 38.5-75.7%). We provide an approach to assess cardiovascular risk based on the prevalence of acute myocardial injury in each setting. Conclusions: Acute myocardial injury is frequent and associated with more severe disease and hospital admissions. Cardiac involvement could be a potential trigger for exercise-induced clinical complications after COVID-19 infection. We created a toolkit to assist with clinical decision-making prior to resuming sports activities after COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
Sports , Heart Disease Risk Factors , COVID-19/complications , Myocarditis/complications , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Risk Assessment/methods , Evidence-Based Practice/methods , Athletes
12.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 25Fev. 2022. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391393

ABSTRACT

Diante do cenário causado pela SARS-CoV-2, este estudo buscou identificar diretrizes das unidades da federação brasileira e refletir sobre os impactos na Educação Física no retorno presencial. Analisou-se quatorze documentos oficiais elaborados até setembro de 2020, utilizando-se de Análise de Conteúdo. Identificaram-se diretrizes gerais de higienização para prevenção do contágio no ambiente escolar e orientações específicas à Educação Física, como reorganização dos espaços, proibição de eventos e atividades coletivas, suspensão de atividades esportivas e adoção de aulas teóricas. Concluiu-se que os protocolos abordam nuances próprias da Educação Física, mas são notáveis os limites de infraestrutura, recursos humanos e materiais para viabilizar o retorno seguro e igualitário (AU).


Given the scenario caused by SARS-CoV-2, this study aiming to identify the guidelines of Brazilian units federation and reflect about impacts of returning on Physical Education. Fourteen official documents prepared by September 2020 were analyzed, using Content Analysis technique. General hygiene guidelines for prevention of contagion in the school environment and specific guidelines for Physical Education were identified, such as reorganization of school spaces, prohibition of events and collective activities, suspension of sports activities and adoption of theorical classes. It was concluded that the protocols address specific nuances to Physical Education, but the limits of infrastructure and human and material resources are remarkable to enable safe return in an equal way (AU).


Dado el escenario del SARS-CoV-2, este estudio identificó las pautas de las unidades de la federación brasileña y reflexionó sobre los impactos en la Educación Física en el retorno presencial. Se analizaron catorce documentos oficiales elaborados hasta septiembre de 2020, utilizando Análisis de Contenido. Se identificaron pautas generales de higiene para la prevención del contagio en el ambiente escolar y pautas específicas para la Educación Física, como reorganizar espacios, prohibir eventos y actividades colectivas, suspender actividades deportivas y adoptar clases teóricas. Se concluyó que los protocolos abordan matices de la EducaciónFísica, pero son notables los límites de infraestructura, recursos humanos y materiales para viabilizar el retorno seguro e igualitario (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Infrastructure , COVID-19 , Sports , Disease Prevention
13.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58253, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366377

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to verify the tracking of physical activity and sedentary behavior in different domains during adolescence. This longitudinal study involved 265 subjects (boys: 52.8%) with an initial mean age of 13.9 (± 1.2) years. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were verified using a questionnaire. The achievement of ≥ 150 min. week-1of moderate-to-vigorous intensity sport and/or physical exercise for ≥ 1 month was adoptedas sufficiently active. The data were collected on 2 occasions, with an average interval of 3 years. The description of the results used the relative frequency and Binary Logistic Regression was used to estimate the crude and adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals). Current physical activity (adjusted odds ratios = 3.05; 95% confidence intervals: 1.77 -5.26) and sedentary behavior (adjusted odds ratios = 1.81; 95% confidence intervals: 1.03 -3.19) appear to be significantly influenced by previousbehavior, except for light-intensity physical activity. Only 12.8% of the participants remained sufficiently active for sport and/or physical exercise. Practice for at least one month of sport and/or physical exercise at baseline was a predictor of practice in the follow-up, both considering participation for at least one month (adjusted odds ratios = 2.81; 95% confidence intervals: 1.37 -5.79) and for four months (adjusted odds ratios = 2.47; 95% confidence intervals: 1.17 -5.24) in the follow-up. Beingsufficiently active at baseline increased the chance of being sufficiently active in the follow-up during adolescence. Interventions providing sufficient sport and/or physical exercise could positively influence the chances of practice in the future. For light-intensity physical activity interventions, strategies targeting adherence seem especially relevant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise/physiology , Adolescent/physiology , Sedentary Behavior , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Sports/education , Health Behavior/physiology , Adolescent Behavior/physiology , Leisure Activities
14.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 16(1): 1-10, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362080

ABSTRACT

Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la influencia de la práctica deportiva sobre el desempeño de las funciones ejecutivas y, a su vez, indagar si la ejecución individual y/o grupal del deporte establece diferencias en el desarrollo de estas habilidades cognitivas y las posibles relaciones asociadas a los tiempos de entrenamiento. Para esto, se estableció una metodología cuantitativa, de diseño comparativo-correlacional. La muestra estuvo conformada por 100 participantes entre 18 y 25 años de edad de ambos géneros, distribuidos en tres grupos, uno de deportes de ejecución individual, otro de deportistas de actividad grupal y un grupo control con personas sin participación en actividades deportivas. Se encontraron, por ejemplo, mayores desempeños en funciones de planeación, memoria de trabajo, control inhibitorio y subtipos de atención por parte de quienes practicaban algún tipo de deporte, independiente de la modalidad de ejecución; pese a que, para algunas funciones cognitivas el participar de un deporte grupal generaba mayores puntuaciones en las tareas propuestas y, en otras, la ventaja la presentaron los integrantes de deportes individuales. Asimismo, se pudo establecer que existe una relación entre el tiempo semanal de entrenamiento y el funcionamiento de la actividad ejecutiva; esto, permitió corroborar la influencia de la actividad deportiva sobre el funcionamiento cognitivo subyacente en los lóbulos frontales.


This research aimed to determine the influence of sports practice on the performance of executive functions and, in turn, to inquire whether the individual and/or group performance of sports establishes differences in the development of these cognitive skills and the possible associated relationships to training times. To do this, a quantitative, comparative-correlational design methodology was established. The sample consisted of 100 participants between 18 and 25 years of age of both genders, divided into three groups, one for individual sports, another for athletes with group activity, and a control group with people without participation in sports activities. For example, greater performance was found in planning functions, working memory, inhibitory control and attention subtypes by those who practiced some type of sport, independent of the execution modality; Despite the fact that, for some cognitive functions, participating in a group sport generated higher scores in the proposed tasks and, in others, the advantage was presented by the members of individual sports. Likewise, it was established that there is a relationship between weekly training time and the performance of executive activity; This allowed to corroborate the influence of sports activity on underlying cognitive functioning on the frontal lobes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sports , Exercise/physiology , Cognition/physiology , Executive Function/physiology , Frontal Lobe/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928821

ABSTRACT

The Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games provided a significant opportunity to consider global warming as an issue to be seriously addressed to run the safe and fair games in the era of climate change. As the global temperature continuously rises and extreme hot-weather events increase in frequency and intensity, the future summer Olympic and Paralympic games will need to deal with the heat by applying thorough and appropriate countermeasures. In the recent decades, many mitigation measures to protect athletes from heat have been rapidly discussed by the sports community, including countermeasures to hold games at times and places with moderate temperature and climatic risk assessments with Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) during the games. However, the excessive heat conditions in the Tokyo 2020 Games affected not only athletes, but also all people concerned the events. While deliberate considerations by organizers had been given to mitigate extraordinary heat, the evaluations of these measures and epidemiological analyses of risk factors of patients must be further enhanced to develop efficient measures for the future. Therefore, we discussed the underlying climate-related problems of the summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in view of what we had experienced in the Tokyo 2020 Games. Facing with emerging global warming, future intervention against heat in the summer Olympic and Paralympic games will need to integrate systematic disease surveillance and evaluation of intervention with an effective combination with the approaches previously conducted. The Tokyo 2020 Games is a wake-up call to accelerate the public health measures towards the creeping global warming.


Subject(s)
Biodiversity , Global Warming , Humans , Sports , Temperature , Tokyo
16.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3335, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386000

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O artigo tem como objetivo analisar, por meio dos discursos de professores de judô que trabalham com crianças, como eles conduzem as suas práticas de ensino com o público infantil. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo-interpretativo realizado com 33 professores do estado do Espírito Santo. Os dados foram produzidos por meio de questionário enviado pelo Google Forms. Os resultados indicam que os professores enfatizam os aspectos axiológicos, técnicos e o desenvolvimento motor em seus processos de ensino, que apontam para uma concepção universal de infância. Embora utilizem os jogos e as brincadeiras em suas aulas, os discursos sugerem uma apropriação instrumental dessas manifestações lúdicas, com pouco espaço para que as crianças tenham as suas subjetividades, agências e práticas autorais reconhecidas e valorizadas.


ABSTRACT The article aims to analyze, through the speeches of judo teachers who work with children, how they conduct their teaching practices with children. This is a descriptive-interpretative study carried out with 33 teachers from the state of Espírito Santo. Data were produced through a questionnaire sent by Google Forms. The results indicate that teachers emphasize axiological, technical, and motor development aspects in their teaching processes, which point to a universal conception of childhood. Although they use games and play in their classes, the discourses suggest an instrumental appropriation of these playful manifestations, with little space for children to have their subjectivities, agencies, and authorial practices recognized and valued.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Teaching/education , Child , Martial Arts , Faculty/education , Play and Playthings/psychology , Social Values , Sports/education , Qualitative Research , Learning , Motor Skills
17.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 28: e28025, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375950

ABSTRACT

Resumen La competitividad suele considerarse un valor inherente a la sociedad en la que vivimos y se puede promover deliberadamente en el deporte escolar. Este estudio tiene por objetivo conocer las expresiones competitivas que implica en el fútbol escolar, mediante la observación participante, como reflexión al valor formativo que tiene la actividad. Se acompañan 10 equipos durante dos cursos escolares. El análisis de los resultados muestra que existen contradicciones entre la promoción de aprendizajes deportivos en condiciones de equidad y los resultados deportivos, que dependen de las aptitudes y capacidades individuales. Los niños capitalizan la rivalidad como la necesidad de ganar al oponente, lo que genera paradojas entre los apriorismos del deporte escolar, la socialización y sus aprendizajes. Este estudio concluye con la necesidad de promover sensibilidad educativa por los aprendizajes pedagógicamente deseables en complicidad con la participación de familias y agentes formativos.


Resumo A competitividade é geralmente considerada um valor inerente à sociedade em que vivemos e pode ser deliberadamente promovida nos esportes escolares. O objetivo deste estudo é conhecer as expressões competitivas que isso implica no futebol escolar, por meio da observação participante, como reflexo do valor educacional da atividade. Dez equipes são acompanhadas durante dois anos letivos. A análise dos resultados mostra que existem contradições entre a promoção da aprendizagem desportiva em condições justas e os resultados desportivos, que dependem das aptidões e capacidades individuais. As crianças capitalizam a rivalidade como necessidade de vencer o adversário, o que gera paradoxos entre os apriorismos do esporte escolar, socialização e seu aprendizado. Este estudo conclui com a necessidade de promover a sensibilização educacional para uma aprendizagem pedagogicamente desejável em cumplicidade com a participação das famílias e dos agentes formadores.


Abstract Competitiveness is often considered an inherent value in the society in which we live, and it can be deliberately promoted in school sports. This study aims to know the competitive expressions involved in school soccer as a reflection of the formative value of the activity, through participant observation. Ten teams are accompanied during two school years. The analysis of the results shows that there are contradictions between the promotion of equitable sports learning and sports results, depending on individual skills and abilities. Children capitalize on sports rivalry as the need to win against the opponent, which generates paradoxes between the apriorisms of school sports, socialization and their learning. This study concludes with the need to promote educational awareness of pedagogically desirable learning in complicity with the participation of families and training agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Aptitude , Soccer , Sports , Awareness , Dissent and Disputes , Socialization
18.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3323, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385991

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi analisar o contexto de atuação profissional de uma treinadora de surfe da cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Adotaram-se procedimentos de pesquisa qualitativa e estudo de caso, por meio da combinação de técnicas de observação participante e entrevista semiestruturada. Foi utilizada a técnica de Análise Temática para a análise dos dados. Verificou-se que o contexto de atuação profissional da treinadora investigada compreende um sistema amplo e complexo, marcado pela sua participação em diversas atividades e interações sociais, com o envolvimento pleno em seu local de atuação profissional. A intervenção pedagógica da treinadora para o ensino/treino do surfe é condicionado pela sazonalidade, pelas condições do ambiente de prática desta modalidade, assim como pelo tipo de orientação esportiva, com o propósito pessoal de transmitir o seu estilo de vida ligado ao surfe.


ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to analyze the context of professional work performance of a surf coach from Florianópolis city, Santa Catarina. Qualitative research and case study procedures were adopted conbining participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Thematic Analysis was used for data analysis. It was verified that the coach's context of professional work performance comprises a broad and complex system, marked by her participation in various activities and social interactions, with full participation in her place of professional work. The coach's pedagogical intervention for teaching/coaching surfing is conditioned by seasonality, the environmental conditions to practice this sport, and the focus of sports instruction. Essentialy, the coach's personal goal is to share her surfing lifestyle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sports , Work Performance/education , Mentoring/methods , Teaching/education , Case Reports , Early Intervention, Educational/methods , Qualitative Research , Athletes/education , Water Sports/education
19.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3330, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386001

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Physical education teacher training programs in Chile have a high demand for enrollment and is recognized as one of the attractive professions for young people. The purpouse of this study is to know the reasons that lead young Chileans to choose the physical education teacher training program at a regional university, in the Maule region, Chile. The research was a mixed sequential one, since it was characterized by a first stage, where quantitative data were collected and analyzed, followed by another, where qualitative data were collected and interpreted. At the quantitative part of the study 146 students (54 female and 89 male) answered a questionnaire, and at the qualitative part 6 students (3 men and 3 women) participated in a focus group interview. Previous participation in sport, interest related to a physically active lifestile, and the pleasure of teaching are shown in the results. As conclusions, the students choose to enroll in a physical education teaching program motivated by previous sports and physical activity experiences, and the desire to teach values through sport.


RESUMO Os programas de formação de professores de educação física no Chile têm uma grande demanda por matrículas, e a profissão é reconhecida como uma das mais atrativas para os jovens. A proposta deste estudo é conhecer os motivos que levam jovens chilenos a escolherem o programa de formação de professores de educação física em uma universidade regional, na região de Maule, Chile. A pesquisa foi sequencial mista, pois se caracterizou por uma primeira etapa, onde foram coletados e analisados dados quantitativos, seguida de outra, onde os dados qualitativos foram coletados e interpretados. Na etapa quantitativa do estudo 146 alunos (54 mulheres e 89 homens) responderam a um questionário e na etapa qualitativa 6 alunos (3 homens e 3 mulheres) participaram de uma entrevista de grupo focal. A participação anterior em esportes, o interesse relacionado ao estilo de vida fisicamente ativo e o prazer de ensinar são mostrados nos resultados. Como conclusões, os alunos optam por se matricular em um programa de ensino de educação física motivados por experiências anteriores de esportes e atividades físicas, e o desejo de ensinar valores por meio do esporte..


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physical Education and Training/methods , Students/psychology , Teacher Training/ethics , Motivation/ethics , Sports/education , Teaching/education , Universities/ethics , Exercise , Focus Groups/methods , Curriculum , Faculty/education , Mentoring , Life Style
20.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3338, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The production of literature with intervention programs was analyzed, applied to team sports. The databases consulted on the subject, in the last 20 years, were the Web of Science, Scielo and PubMed. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines were used with the keywords: team sports and team sports games, associated with the terms: teaching models, sports teaching, teaching-learning-training, pedagogical intervention, tactical-technical performance and cognitive processes, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. After screening with defined criteria, 39 manuscripts were selected to compose the sample. The descriptive analysis showed that the years 2016 and 2018 presented a higher number of publications (17.95% each year); the English language most used in publications (69.24%); football and basketball have comprised the highest number of studies (25.64% and 17.95%, respectively); the teaching programs spanned between 5 and 54 class sessions; the sample of studies with schoolchildren was the most chosen (64.1%); most teaching programs focused on tactics; and the main variables analyzed were tactical knowledge, tactical-technical performance and specific skills. In the production of literature analyzed, there was a tendency in the last 10 years to apply sports teaching programs with tactical approaches and also change and/or add content to these programs, in order to enhance the development of students/athletes. These changes leave open reflections on possible changes in teacher guidance in the praxis in teaching-learning of team sports.


RESUMO Analisou-se a produção da literatura com programas de intervenção, aplicados aos esportes coletivos. As bases de dados consultadas quanto ao tema, nos últimos 20 anos, foram o Web of Science, Scielo e PubMed. Utilizou-se as diretrizes PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) com as palavras-chave: jogo coletivo e jogos esportivos coletivos, associados aos termos: modelos de ensino, ensino do esporte, ensino-aprendizagem-treinamento, intervenção pedagógica, desempenho tático-técnico e processos cognitivos, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Após triagem com critérios definidos, 39 manuscritos foram selecionados para compor a amostra. A análise descritiva apontou que os anos de 2016 e 2018 apresentou maior quantitativo de publicações (17,95% cada ano); a língua inglesa a mais utilizada nas publicações (69,24%); as modalidades futebol e basquetebol compreenderam o maior número de trabalhos (25,64% e 17,95%, respectivamente); os programas de ensino abrangeram entre 5 e 54 sessões de aula; a amostra dos estudos com escolares foi a mais eleita (64,1%); a maioria dos programas de ensino centrou-se na tática; e as principais variáveis analisadas foram conhecimentos táticos, desempenho tático-técnico e habilidades específicas. Na produção de literatura analisada observou-se uma tendência nos últimos 10 anos à aplicação de programas de ensino dos esportes com abordagens táticas e ainda alterar e/ou agregar conteúdos a esses modelos, com o intuito de potencializar o desenvolvimento de alunos/atletas. Essas mudanças deixam abertas as reflexões sobre possíveis alterações de orientação docente na práxis no ensino-aprendizagem dos esportes coletivos.


Subject(s)
Athletic Performance/education , Team Sports , Soccer/education , Sports/education , Students , Teaching/education , Basketball/education , Early Intervention, Educational/methods , Athletes , Mentoring/methods , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Learning
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