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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the Oncostatin M (OSM) concentrations in tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis with and without diabetes. Material and Methods: Sixty-four subjects visiting the dental outpatient department were categorized as "healthy" (Group 1), "periodontitis" (Group 2), and "diabetes with periodontitis" (Group 3) groups. The clinical oral examination included assessment of plaque, gingivitis, probing depth, clinical attachment level. Blood glucose was assessed for group 3 patients. OSM concentration in the tissues was assessed using ELISA in all groups. Results: The mean OSM was 0.02 ± 0.04 pg/mg in the healthy group, 0.12 ± 0.09 pg/mg in the chronic periodontitis group and 0.13 ± 0.10 pg/mg in the diabetes-periodontitis group. A significantly higher mean OSM was seen in Group 2 and Group 3 than Group 1. The amount of OSM positively correlated with probing depth and clinical attachment level. Conclusion: Periodontal disease causes a rise in Oncostatin M, independent of the diabetic status. Expression of OSM in the gingival tissues can serve as an inflammatory marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Plaque Index , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Oncostatin M/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Glucose , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingiva , India/epidemiology , Inflammation
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210131, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365225

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and compare changes of quality of life parameter among dental patients rehabilitated by the implant-supported overdentures with different attachment systems. Material and Methods: Forty-eight patients were recruited as a study cohort. The implant placement procedure was based on the results obtained by CBCT scanning and individualized surgical templates manufactured for correct implant placement. Each individual received two k3Pro Implants (Sure Type with 4.0 or 4.5 mm in diameter) at the intraforaminal area due to standard protocol of implantation provided by the manufacturer under local anesthesia. All patients were distributed between two groups based on the fact of using either Locator- or ball-attachments. Rank correlation was measured using Spearman correlation coefficient, while linear correlation was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: No statistically meaningful differences were noted regarding patients' distribution among groups considering age (p>0.05) and gender (p>0.05). Provided patient-level analysis demonstrated that increase of conventional full denture service time was positively correlated with escalation of OHIP-EDENT scores. The most prominent inter-correspondences were noted specifically between longevity of denture service and elevation of scores within "Functional limitation" (r=0.61; p<0.05), "Physical pain" (r=0.51; p<0.05) and "Physical disability" (r=0.57; p<0.05) subdomains. No statistically argumented regressions were noted between increase tendency of OHIP-EDENT scores and gender (p>0.05) or age (p>0.05) parameters. Conclusion: Significant improvements of quality of life measured with OHIP-EDENT were noted for both types of attachments compared to the pre-treatment situation independently of additionally provided surface electromyography-based alignment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Masticatory Muscles , Ukraine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occlusal Adjustment , Adaptation , Dental Implantation , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e200192, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365232

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT), associated with scaling and root planing in the non-surgical periodontal treatment of individuals with Down Syndrome. Material and Methods: A controlled, randomized, split-mouth study was conducted. A total of 8 participants diagnosed with Down Syndrome aged 17-38 years of both sexes with clinical periodontitis were included in the study. Participants were treated at least three times: at the baseline, Plaque Index (PI), Bleeding on Probing (BOP), and Probing Pocket Depth (PPD) were obtained. After one week, conventional scaling and root planing were performed, and two quadrants were randomly selected for aPDT application. The reassessment was obtained one month after the aPDT application. The significance level was set at 5%. Analyses were performed considering a 95% confidence interval. Results: In the intergroup evaluation, no statistically significant differences were observed (p>0.05). In the intragroup evaluation, no statistically significant variations were observed in relation to the PI (p>0.05) and PPD (p>0.05); however, a statistically significant reduction in the BOP was observed between the test group (p=0.013) and control group (p=0.015). Conclusion: The use of aPDT as adjuvant therapy did not promote additional benefits in decreasing PI and PPD after 1 month of treatment. However, a significant reduction in the BOP was observed in the intragroup evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Periodontitis , Photochemotherapy/instrumentation , Periodontal Index , Down Syndrome/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Plaque Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Randomized Controlled Trial , Treatment Outcome , Caregivers , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lasers
4.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210015, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365235

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the level of knowledge of dentistry students regarding the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether the risk factors of the outbreak cause depression. Material and Methods This study was conducted with 516 dentistry students (3rd, 4th and 5th grades) who started clinical practice in their education. The first part of the questionnaires applied to the students includes questions about demographic information, while the second part contains questions to determine their knowledge levels on the COVID-19 pandemic and protection against it. In the third section, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to examine depression symptoms. The data were analyzed by frequency analyses and Chi-squared tests via the IBM SPSS 22.0 software. Results Of the 516 students, 150 (29%) participants were in the 3rd, 212 (41%) were in the 4th and 154 (30%) were in the 5th grade. 355 (69%) students stated that their knowledge level about COVID-19 was high. 30.9% were conscious of the importance of using masks. 29.6% were aware of the importance of using gloves, 30.3% of not shaking hands. According to BDI scores, 37.1% of the participants seemed to experience moderate to severe and very severe depression. Conclusion It was observed that the students didn't have a sufficient level of knowledge about the factors affecting the spread of the pandemic. New stress factors such as COVID-19 may increase the incidence of depression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Risk Factors , Infection Control , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , Turkey/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24820, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348511

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral e orofaringe é uma neoplasia epitelial maligna comum, respondendo pela maioria dos casos de tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Ele está relacionado a hábitos comportamentais, como tabagismo e etilismo de longa duração, e à infecção pelo Papilomavírus humano. Objetivos:Esse estudo objetivou descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com essa neoplasia na Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo observacional com delineamento transversal a partir de dados presentes nos prontuários clínicos e laudos anatomopatológicos e no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade no período entre 2006 a 2018. Os dados foram analisados a partir do Software R, utilizandoo teste de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para as análises inferenciais e o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise da sobrevida. Resultados:225 prontuários foram analisados, sendo 70,22% de homens, 65,33% na faixa etária entre 46-70 anos e cor branca (51,57%). Destes, 25,78% eram tabagistas e 39,11% tabagistas e etilistas. O principal tratamento identificado foi a associação de cirurgia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. Observou-se que 49,10% dos óbitos foram em decorrência dessa neoplasia. O principal estádio patológico encontrado foi o quatro A (34,22%). Foi identificada maior sobrevida nos pacientes acima de 70 anos, cujo tratamento foi exclusivamente cirúrgico. Menor sobrevida foi identificada em indivíduos que tinham associação de hábitos (etilismo e tabagismo). Conclusões:Nossos resultados sugerem que a evolução à óbito foi o principal desfecho clínico e, isso pode estar relacionado aos hábitos comportamentais que influenciam diretamente o curso e prognóstico da doença. Ademais, destaca-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce a fim de reduzir óbitos e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos, assim como a necessidade de implementar políticas educativas sobre os principais fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento dessa neoplasia (AU).


Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx is a common malignant epithelial neoplasm, accounting for most cases of head and neck tumors. It is related to behavioral habits, such as long-standing smoking and alcoholism, as well as to the human Papillomavirus infection. Objectives: This study aimed at describing the epidemiological profile of the patients diagnosed with this neoplasm in the Mossoró League for Studying and Combating Cancer. Methodology:An observational study with a cross-sectional design was carried out based on data present in the medical records and anatomopathological reports and in the Mortality Information System during the 2006-2018 period. The data were analyzed using the R Software, resorting to the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitneytest for the inferential analyses and to the Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis. Results: 225 medical records were analyzed: 70.22% belonging to men, 65.33% aged between 46 and 70 years old and white-skinned (51.57%). Of these, 25.78% were smokers and 39.11% were smokers and alcoholics. The main treatment identified was the association of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It was observed that 49.10% of the deaths were due to this neoplasm. The main pathological stage found wasfour A(34.22%).Longer survival was identified in patients over 70 years of age, whose treatment was exclusively surgical. Shorter survival was identified in individuals who had associated habits (alcoholism and smoking). Conclusions:Our results suggest that evolution to death was the main clinical outcome; this can be related to the behavioral habits that exert a direct influence on the course and prognosis of the disease. Furthermore, the importance of early diagnosis is highlighted in order to reduce the number of deaths and improve the individuals' quality of life, as well as the need to implement educational policies on the main risk factors associated with the development of this neoplasm (AU).


Introducción: El carcinoma de células escamosas de la cavidad oral y la orofaringe es una neoplasia epitelial maligna común, que representa la mayoría de los casos de tumores de cabeza y cuello. Se relaciona con hábitos de comportamiento, como el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo, y la infección por el virus papiloma humano. Objetivos:Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados con esta neoplasiaen la Liga Mossoroense de Estudios y Combate al Cáncer. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal a partir de los datos presentes en las historias clínicas e informes patológicos y en el Sistema de Información de Mortalidad en el período 2006-2018. Los datos se analizaron mediante el Software R, con utilización de la Prueba de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para análisis inferencial y el método de Kaplan-Meier para análisis de supervivencia. Resultados:Se analizaron 225 historias clínicas, 70,22% en hombres, 65,33% con edades entre 46-70 años y blancos (51,57%). De estos, 25,78% eran fumadores y 39,11% eran fumadores y alcohólicos. El principal tratamiento identificado fue la asociación de cirugía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. 49,10% de las muertes se debieron a esta neoplasia. El principal estadio patológico encontrado fue cuatro A (34,22%). Se identificó mayor sobrevida en pacientes mayores de 70 años, cuyo tratamiento fue exclusivamente quirúrgico. Se identificó una menor sobrevida en personas que tenían hábitos asociados. Conclusiones:Nuestros resultados sugieren que la evolución hacia la muerte fue el principal resultado clínico y esto puede estar relacionado con hábitos de comportamiento que influyen directamente en el curso y pronóstico de la enfermedad. Además, se destaca la importancia del diagnóstico precoz para reducir las muertes y mejorar la calidad de vida, así como la necesidad de implementar políticas educativas sobre los principales factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de esta neoplasia (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Papillomavirus Infections , Research Report , Smokers
6.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3430, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352083

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El comportamiento epidemiológico de las lesiones en el baloncesto, los efectos negativos sobre la salud de los deportistas, su etiología multicausal y la dispersión teórica en la determinación de sus antecedentes psicológicos justifican el presente estudio. Objetivo: Relacionar factores psicológicos con las lesiones sufridas por los deportistas analizados. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo-correlacional y transversal realizado a los 21 deportistas que constituyen la población correspondiente al equipo de baloncesto de alto rendimiento de la provincia Villa Clara, Cuba. Se empleó un cuestionario específico para obtener información sobre las lesiones, el Inventario de Ansiedad Rasgo/Estado y el Inventario de Ansiedad Estado en Competencia para evaluar la ansiedad rasgo y estado respectivamente. Para evaluar las habilidades psicológicas asociadas al rendimiento deportivo fue aplicado el Inventario Psicológico de Ejecución Deportiva. Los datos se analizaron mediante distribución empírica de frecuencias, mínimo, máximo, media, desviación típica, Kolmogórov-Smirnov para una muestra y el coeficiente de correlación lineal de Pearson con nivel de significación de p≤0,05. Resultados: Se obtuvo una elevada presencia de lesiones, la cual posee un comportamiento similar a los antecedentes teóricos del estudio. El control de afrontamiento negativo y de la atención fueron los factores psicológicos que alcanzaron menores puntuaciones. El bajo control de afrontamiento negativo y de la actitud establecen mayores niveles de relación con las lesiones. Conclusiones: Los bajos niveles de autoconfianza, de control emocional, de la atención y de la actitud se relacionan con una mayor cantidad de lesiones, así como un menor control del afrontamiento negativo y de la actitud se asocia a lesiones de mayor gravedad(AU)


Introduction: The epidemiological behavior of injuries in basketball, the negative effects on the health of sportsmen, their multicausal etiology and the theoretical dispersion in determining their psychological background justify the present study. Objective: To associate psychological factors with the injuries suffered by the sportsmen analyzed. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive correlational study carried out on the 21 sportsmen that make up the high-performance basketball population of Villa Clara province. A specific questionnaire was used to obtain information on the injuries; the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Competency State Anxiety Inventory were used to assess trait and state anxiety, respectively. The Sports Performance Psychological Inventory was used to evaluate the psychological skills associated with sports performance. Data were analyzed using empirical frequency distribution, minimum, maximum, mean, standard deviation, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for a sample as well as Pearson's linear correlation coefficient with a significance level of p≤0.05. Results: The high presence of injuries, which has a behavior similar to the theoretical background of the study, is evident. The negative coping control and the attention control were the psychological factors that achieved lower scores. The low negative coping control and the low control of the attitude establish higher levels of relationship with injuries. Conclusions: Low levels of self-confidence, emotional control, attention and attitude are associated with a greater number of injuries, so less negative coping control and attitude is associated with more serious injuries(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Basketball , Athletic Performance , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(3): 1-15, set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1290801

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A maloclusão é considerada a segunda doença oral mais comum em crianças e jovens adultos. É importante saber identificar estas alterações de forma a permitir um adequado desenvolvimento da oclusão.O diagnóstico de um desenvolvimento anormal na dentição decídua é relevante para a prevenção e quando necessáriouma intervenção precoce. Objetivo:O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi avaliar a prevalênciade maloclusão em crianças com dentição decídua e relacionar com diferentes parâmetros.Metodologia:Observaram-se 300 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idades compreendidas entre os 3 e os 6 anos. A recolha de dados foi realizada a partir do exame clínico comkits de observação(espelho bucal básico descartável,sonda descartável, babador,luvas e sacos descartáveis), sob luz natural e na cadeira escolar, no Agrupamento de Escolas de Porto de Mós, Distrito Sanitário de Leiria. Analisaram-se as seguintes características: Tipo de arco de Baume, espaços primatas, diastemas, apinhamento, relação distal dos segundos molares decíduos, relação canina, sobremordida e sobressaliência, mordida anterior e posterior.Resultados:A prevalência de maloclusão registradafoi de 67,7%, verificando-se ser mais baixa aos seis anos, sem apresentar diferenças significativas em ambos os sexos. A sobressaliência foi a maloclusão mais prevalente (42,7%) nas crianças observadas, seguida da mordida aberta anterior (23,3%). Registrou-seumaelevada prevalência de maloclusão nas crianças com arco de Baume tipo II, sem diastemas ou espaços primatas, com apinhamento, degrau distal, classe II canina ou desvio da linha média para a direita.Conclusões:Verificou-se existir uma elevada prevalência de maloclusão nas crianças do agrupamento de escolas do Concelhode Porto de Mós, estando relacionada com diferentes parâmetros oclusais (AU).


Introduction:Malocclusion is considered a second mostcommon oral disease in children and young adults. It is important to know how to identify these changes in order to allow proper development of the occlusion.The diagnosis of anabnormal development in primary dentition is relevant for prevention and when necessary, early intervention.Objective:The aim of this cross sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion in children with deciduous dentition and relate this prevalence with sex, age and with different occlusal parameters.Methodology:300 children of both sexes, aged between 3 and 6 years were observed. Data collection was carried out from the clinical examination using observation kits, in schools, in the Group of schools of Porto de Mós, Health District of Leiria. The following characteristics were analyzed: Baume arc Type, spaces, diastemas, crowding, the deciduous second molars distal relation, canine relationship, Overbite and overjet, anterior and posterior bite.Results:The recorded prevalence of malocclusion was 67.7%, was lower at six years old, without any differences in both sexes. The overjet was the most prevalent malocclusion (42.7%) in the observed children. There was a high prevalence of malocclusion in children with type II Baume arch, without spaces or primate spaces, with distal step, canine class II or with the middle line shifted to the right.Conclusions:There there was a high prevalence of malocclusion in children of the schools in the municipality of Porto de Mós, and is related to the different occlusal parameters (AU).


Introducción: La maloclusión se considera la segunda enfermedad bucal más común en niños y adultos jóvenes. Es importanteidentificar estos cambios para llograr un adecuado desarrollo de la oclusión. El diagnóstico precoz deldesarrollo anormal en la dentición temporal es relevante para la prevención y cuando sea necesario una intervención temprana. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio transversal fue evaluar la prevalencia de maloclusión en niñoscon dentición temporal y relacionarla con diferentes parámetros. Metodología: Fueran observados 300 niños de ambos sexos, con edadesentre los 3 y los 6 años. La recogida de datos del examen clínico se realizó mediante kits de observación, en un entorno escolar, en el Grupo Escolar dePorto de Mós, Distrito Sanitariode Leiria. Se analizaron las siguientes características: tipo de arco de Baume, espaciosprimates, diastemas, apiñamientos, relación distal de los segundos molares deciduos, relación canina, sobremordida horizontal y vertical, mordida anterior y posterior. Resultados: La prevalencia de maloclusión registrada fue de 67,7%, la cual resultó ser menor a los seis años, sin mostrar diferencias significativas en ambos sexos. El overjet fue la maloclusión más prevalente (42,7%) en los niños observados, seguida de la mordida abierta anterior (23,3%). Hubo una alta prevalencia de maloclusión en niños con arco de Baume tipo II, sin diastemas ni espacios de primates, con apiñamiento, paso distal, canino clase II o desviación de la línea media hacia la derecha.Conclusiones: Se encontró que hayuna alta prevalencia de maloclusión en niños dela comunidad escolar del municipio de Porto de Mós, y que se relaciona,con diferentes parámetros oclusales (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Portugal/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Child , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Occlusion
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 321-326, set 29, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354620

ABSTRACT

Introdution: Chronic liver diseases are characterized by inflammatory and fibrotic lesions of the liver that cause systemic complications. These complications can negatively interfere with the respiratory muscle strength and exercise capacity of developing children and adolescents. Objectives: to compare respiratory muscle strength and exercise capacity in children and adolescents with chronic hepatopathy, using predicted values from healthy individuals of the same age. Methodology: a cross-sectional study was performed. Children and adolescents from 6 to 16 years old with chronic hepatopathies were included. For the evaluation of respiratory muscle strength, the maximal respiratory pressures were measured through manovacuometry. A six-minute walk test was used to assess exercise capacity. The Wilcoxon test was used to verify the difference between the evaluated and predicted values of the distance traveled. Results: In total, 40 subjects were analyzed; 57.5% of the subjects were female, and the subjects had a mean age of 11.68±2.82 years. In the comparison between the measured and predicted maximal respiratory pressures, a median (IQR) difference of -21,47 (33-95) cmH2O (p< 0.001) was found for the maximal inspiratory pressure, and a mean difference of 30.68±17,16 cmH2O (p< 0.001) was found for the maximal expiratory pressure. Regarding exercise capacity, the measured average distance traveled was 346.46±49.21 m, which was 185.54±63,90 m (p< 0.001) less than the predicted value. Conclusion: Children and adolescents with chronic liver disease have reduced respiratory muscle function and exercise capacity.


Introdução: as doenças hepáticas crônicas são caracterizadas por lesões inflamatórias e fibróticas do fígado que causam complicações sistêmicas. Essas complicações podem interferir negativamente na força muscular respiratória e na capacidade de exercício de crianças e adolescentes em desenvolvimento. Objetivo: comparar a força muscular respiratória e a capacidade de exercício em crianças e adolescentes com hepatopatia crônica, utilizando valores preditos de indivíduos saudáveis da mesma idade. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal. Foram incluídas crianças e adolescentes de 6 a 16 anos com hepatopatias crônicas. Para a avaliação da força muscular respiratória, as pressões respiratórias máximas foram medidas por meio da manovacuometria. Teste de caminhada de seis minutos foi usado para avaliar a capacidade de exercício. O teste de Wilcoxon foi utilizado para verificar a diferença entre os valores avaliados e previstos da distância percorrida. Resultados: no total, 40 sujeitos foram analisados; 57,5% dos sujeitos eram do sexo feminino, idade média de 11,68±2,82 anos. Na comparação entre as pressões respiratórias máximas medidas e previstas, foi encontrada diferença mediana (IQ) de -21,47 (33-95) cmH2O (p<0,001) para a pressão inspiratória máxima e diferença média de 30,68±17,16 cmH2O (p<0,001) para a pressão expiratória máxima. Em relação à capacidade de exercício, a distância média percorrida foi 346,46±49,21 m, média 185,54±63,90 m (p<0,001) inferior ao valor previsto. Conclusão: crianças e adolescentes com doença hepática crônica apresentam redução da função muscular respiratória e da capacidade de exercício.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Chronic Disease , Walk Test , Maximal Respiratory Pressures , Liver Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 785-794, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the variation in the incidence rates of congenital syphilis according to the spatial distribution of Life Condition Index (LCI) among neighborhoods in the city of Recife-PE. Methods: an ecological study, developed from 3,234 cases of congenital syphilis notified in the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (Severe Disease Notification Information System), between 2007 and 2016. LCI was built from seven variables related to the dimensions of the environment, education and income, aggregated at the neighborhood levels and spatially distributed in four strata: very high, high, low and very low. The correlation between the rates of congenital syphilis in the strata and LCI was investigated by applying the Spearman correlation coefficient and demonstrated by means of scatter graphics. Results: the mean rate on disease incidence was 6.8 cases per thousand live births. There was a higher incidence in the strata of very low and low living conditions, as well as in Districts that presented poor sanitary conditions and low schooling for the head of the family (District VII), higher proportion of illiteracy among 10 and 14 year olds (District II) and low income of the head of the household (Districts I, II and VII). Conclusions: this study showed the persistence of health inequalities in areas with worse living conditions.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a variação das taxas de incidência de sífilis congênita segundo a distribuição espacial do Índice de Condição de Vida (ICV) entre os bairros do município do Recife-PE. Métodos: estudo ecológico, desenvolvido a partir de 3234 casos de sífilis congênita notificados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, entre 2007 e 2016. O ICV foi construído a partir de sete variáveis relacionadas as dimensões ambiente, educação e renda, agregadas ao nível dos bairros, e distribuído espacialmente em quatro estratos: muito alto, alto, baixo e muito baixo. A correlação entre as taxas de sífilis congênita nos estratos e o ICV foi investigada aplicando-se o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e demonstrada por meio de gráficos de dispersão. Resultados: a taxa média de incidência da doença foi de 6,8 casos por mil nascidos vivos. Houve maior incidência nos estratos de condição de vida muito baixa e baixa bem como nos Distritos que apresentaram condições sanitárias ruins e baixa escolaridade do chefe da família (Distrito VII), maior proporção de analfabetismo entre 10 e 14 anos (Distrito II) e baixa renda do chefe do domicílio (Distritos I, II e VII). Conclusões: o estudo evidenciou a persistência das desigualdades de saúde nas áreas com piores condições de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Socioeconomic Factors , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , Health Status Disparities , Social Factors , Economic Factors , Quality of Life , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Statistics, Nonparametric , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Disease Notification , Pregnant Women , Ecological Studies , Geographic Mapping
10.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 559-566, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340649

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to develop and analyze the psychometric properties of a questionnaire to assess community health workers' knowledge on breastfeeding. Methods: this is a methodological study for the development of an instrument and analysis of validity and reliability. For the elaboration of items and identification of dimensions, a literature review was conducted. The items were submitted to the evaluation of a committee of judges, for apparent and content analysis. Construct validation was conducted through hypothesis test, with the participation of 282 community health workers and 19 pediatricians and obstetric nurses. For analysis and comparison of scores, the Mann-Whitney U test was used, assuming a significance level of 5%. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and temporal consistency of the instrument was assessed using test-retest and Kappa analysis. Results: the final instrument presented a favorable opinion from the committee of judges. The hypothesis test showed that the questionnaire has discriminatory power to assess professionals with a higher level of knowledge (p<0.001). The Kappa test revealed that 63% of the items showed substantive to almost perfect agreement. The 32-item questionnaire showed a Cronbach's alpha of 0.794. Conclusion: the instrument developed was valid and reliable, allowing effective measurement of community health workers' knowledge on breastfeeding.


Resumo Objetivos: elaborar e analisar propriedades psicométricas de um questionário para avaliação do conhecimento de agentes comunitários de saúde sobre amamentação. Métodos: trata-se de estudo metodológico de elaboração de instrumento e análise de validade e confiabilidade. Para a elaboração dos itens e identificação das dimensões, realizou-se revisão da literatura. Os itens foram submetidos à apreciação de comitê de juízes, para análise aparente e de conteúdo. A validação de construto foi conduzida pelo teste de hipóteses, com participação de 282 agentes comunitários de saúde e 19 pediatras e enfermeiras obstetras. Para comparação dos escores, utilizou-se o teste U de Mann-Whitney, assumindo-se um nível de significância de 5%. A confiabilidade foi aferida por meio do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach e a consistência temporal do instrumento por meio do teste-reteste e análise de Kappa. Resultados: o instrumento final apresentou parecer favorável do comitê de juízes. O teste de hipóteses evidenciou que o instrumento tem poder discriminatório para aferir profissionais com maior nível de conhecimento (p<0,001). O teste Kappa revelou que 63% dos itens apresentaram concordância de substantiva a quase perfeita. O questionário, com 32 itens, apresentou um alfa de Cronbach de 0,794. Conclusão: o instrumento apresentou-se válido e confiável que permitirá mensurar de forma eficaz o conhecimento de agentes comunitários de saúde sobre amamentação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Primary Health Care , Psychometrics/methods , Breast Feeding , Hypothesis-Testing , Community Health Workers/psychology , Family Health Strategy , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Maternal-Child Health Services , Health Promotion
11.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 165-169, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280052

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: It has been shown that there is a close association between sleep quality and pain. In young athletes, sleep disorders and pain have a particularly high prevalence; however, the relationship between them has not been widely studied. Objective: To study the association between sleep quality and pain in young athletes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 71 young amateur athletes (39 males) were included. The mean age was 16.9 ± 1.2 years, with 6.5 ± 3.2 years of sports practice and 5.2 ± 1.2 hours of training per week. Sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The participants were classified according to sleep quality, as PSQI-I = without sleep disorders, PSQI-II = requiring medical assistance and PSQI-III = requiring medical assistance and treatment. Also, pain intensity was assessed on the Numerical Rating Scale, both at rest (NRSr) and during sports activity (NRSs), along with pain duration. Results: The individuals classified as PSQI-III presented higher NRSr (Mdn = 2.0; IQR = 4.0 vs. Mdn = 0.0; IQR = 2.0; p = 0.04) and higher NRSs (Mdn = 4.0; IQR = 5.0 vs. Mdn = 0.0; IQR = 2.0; p = 0.03) than the individuals classified as PSQI-I. No differences were observed in relation to pain duration. The PSQI score was positively but weakly associated with NRSr (rs = 0.24, p=0.046) and NRSs (rs = 0.27, p = 0.03) but not with pain duration. Conclusion: Young athletes with lower levels of sleep quality show higher levels of pain at rest and during sports practice. Therefore, sleep quality and pain should be considered in the routine assessment of young athletes, by technical and health teams. Level of evidence III; type of study: Cross-sectional .


RESUMEN Introducción: Se demostró que existe estrecha relación entre calidad del sueño y dolor. En atletas jóvenes, los disturbios del sueño y dolor tienen prevalencia bastante alta, sin embargo, la relación entre ellos no fue ampliamente estudiada. Objetivo: Estudiar la asociación entre calidad del sueño y dolor en atletas jóvenes. Métodos: Fue realizado un estudio transversal, en el cual fueron incluidos 71 atletas jóvenes amateurs (39 hombres). El promedio de edad fue de 16,9 ± 1,2 años, con 6,5 ± 3,2 años de práctica deportiva y 5,2 ± 1,2 horas de entrenamiento por semana. La calidad del sueño fue evaluada por medio del Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh (PSQI). Los participantes fueron clasificados de acuerdo con la calidad del sueño, PSQI-I= sin disturbios del sueño, PSQI-II= requiere atención médica y PSQI-III= requiere atención médica y tratamiento. Además, la intensidad del dolor fue evaluada en la Escala de Evaluación Numérica en reposo (EANr) y durante la actividad deportiva (EANe), juntamente con la duración del dolor. Resultados: Los individuos clasificados como PSQI-III presentaron mayor valor en el EANr (Mdn = 2,0; IQR = 4,0 vs. Mdn = 0,0; IQR = 2,0; p = 0,04) y EANe mayores (Mdn = 4,0; IQR = 5,0 vs. Mdn = 0,0; IQR = 2,0; p = 0,03) que los individuos clasificados con PSQI-I. No fue observada ninguna diferencia con relación a la duración del dolor. El puntaje del PSQI fue positivo y con débil asociación a EANr (rs = 0,24, p=0.046) y EANe (rs = 0,27, p = 0,03), pero no con la duración del dolor. Conclusión: Los atletas jóvenes con niveles más bajos de calidad del sueño tienen niveles más elevados de dolor en reposo y durante la práctica deportiva. Por lo tanto, la calidad del sueño y el dolor deben ser considerados por los equipos técnicos y de salud en la evaluación rutinaria de atletas jóvenes. Nivel de evidencia III;Tipo de estudio: Transversal.


RESUMO Introdução: Demonstrou-se que existe estreita associação entre qualidade do sono e dor. Em atletas jovens, distúrbios do sono e dor têm prevalência bastante alta, no entanto, a relação entre eles não foi amplamente estudada. Objetivo: Estudar a associação entre qualidade do sono e dor em atletas jovens. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, no qual foram incluídos 71 atletas jovens amadores (39 homens). A média de idade foi de 16,9 ± 1,2 anos, com 6,5 ± 3,2 anos de prática esportiva e 5,2 ± 1,2 horas de treinamento por semana. A qualidade do sono foi avaliada por meio do Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI). Os participantes foram classificados de acordo com a qualidade do sono, PSQI-I = sem distúrbios do sono, PSQI-II = requer atendimento médico e PSQI-III = requer atendimento médico e tratamento. Além disso, intensidade da dor foi avaliada na Escala de Avaliação Numérica em repouso (EANr) e durante a atividade esportiva (EANe), juntamente com a duração da dor. Resultados: Os indivíduos classificados como PSQI-III apresentaram maior valor no EANr (Mdn = 2,0; IQR = 4,0 vs. Mdn = 0,0; IQR = 2,0; p = 0,04) e EANe maiores (Mdn = 4,0; IQR = 5,0 vs. Mdn = 0,0; IQR = 2,0; p = 0,03) do que os indivíduos classificados com PSQI-I. Nenhuma diferença foi observada com relação à duração da dor. O escore do PSQI foi positivo e com fraca associação a EANr (rs= 0,24, p=0.046) e EANe (rs= 0,27, p = 0,03), mas não com a duração da dor. Conclusão: Atletas jovens com níveis mais baixos de qualidade do sono têm níveis mais elevados de dor em repouso e durante a prática esportiva. Portanto, a qualidade do sono e a dor devem ser consideradas pelas equipes técnicas e de saúde na avaliação rotineira de atletas jovens. Nível de evidência III; Tipo de estudo: Transversal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Sleep/physiology , Athletes , Musculoskeletal Pain/physiopathology , Youth Sports/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
12.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 32(2): e1642, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341367

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue implementar un modelo didáctico para formar competencias informacionales en estudiantes de la Ingeniería Bioinformática pertenecientes a la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas. Se realizó un estudio de caso en el que se aplicó la prueba no paramétrica Dócima de Wilcoxon, así como métodos, técnicas y procedimientos investigativos. Se obtuvo como resultado un modelo didáctico en la asignatura Ingeniería de Software, centrado en los proyectos de investigación que realizan los estudiantes en el Centro de Ingeniería Genética y Biotecnología. Se concluye que el modelo aplicado es adecuado al lograrse niveles de formación de competencias informacionales en estudiantes de Ingeniería en Bioinformática(AU)


The purpose of the study was to implement a didactic model for the development of information competencies in bioinformatics engineering students from the Information Sciences University. A case study was performed based on the Wilcoxon non-parametric test as well as other research methods, techniques and procedures. The result obtained was a didactic model for the Software Engineering course, centered on the research projects conducted by students at the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, in Cuba. It is concluded that the model applied is appropriate, since Bioinformatics Engineering students achieve satisfactory information competence levels(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Design , Biotechnology/methods , Information Science/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Information Literacy
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 119-131, maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282980

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O Aleitamento Materno é o modo mais seguro, natural e saudável de nutrição para um recém-nascido, por issoo aleitamento materno exclusivo é recomendado até os seis meses de vida.É sabido, os inúmeros benefíciosdessa alimentação, porém pesquisadores apontam uma baixa frequência do aleitamento materno.Objetivo:Identificaras principais queixas que acometem as doadoras de leite humano, que procuram o Banco de Leite Humano de uma Maternidade Escola em Alagoas. Metodologia:Estudo transversal, realizado através de registros cadastrais de 2.909 puérperas doadoras entre 2015 a 2018. Foramcoletadasas principais queixas das nutrizes erealizou-se uma análise descritivasobre as mais prevalentes.Resultados:A faixa etária mais frequente das puérperas foram 28 e 39 anos. As principais queixas relatadas foram: hiperlactaçãoe lesão mamária-mamas cheias (13,5%) e fissuras (5,6%). Foram encontradas associações estatisticamente significativas entre as queixas e as idades maternas -fissuras: 29 anos; mamas cheias: 25,9 anos. A doação voluntária do leite fora o principal motivo da procura ao Banco de Leite Humano, pois no serviço recebiam informações sobre a importância e os benefícios do aleitamento.Conclusões:É perceptível, que a busca ao Banco de Leite Humanopelas puérperas demonstra escassez de informações, sendo esse serviço fundamental na orientação e condutadesses problemas (AU).


Introduction: Breastfeeding is the safest, most natural,and healthy way of nutrition for a newborn baby. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to six months of life. There are many benefits to breastfeeding, but researchers point out a low frequency of breastfeeding.Objective: To identify the main complaints that affect human milk donors who seek the Human Milk Bank of a Maternity School in Alagoas. Methodology: Cross-sectional study, conducted through registry records of 2,909 child donors between 2015 and 2018. The mothers' main complaints were collected, and a descriptive analysis of the most prevalent was carried out. Results: The most frequent age group of puerperal women was 28 and 39 years old. The main complaints reported were:hyper lactation and breast lesions -full breasts (13.5%) and fissures (5.6%). Statistically significant associations were found between the complaints and maternal age -clefts: 29 years; full breasts: 25.9 years. The voluntary donation of milk was the main reason for the demand to the Human Milk Bank because it received information about the importance and benefits of breastfeeding.Conclusions: It is noticeable that the Human Milk Bank search for puerperal shows a scarcity of information, and this service is fundamental in guiding and conducting these problems (AU).


Introducción:La lactancia materna es la forma más segura, natural y saludable de nutrición para un recién nacido. Se recomienda la lactancia materna exclusiva hasta los seis meses de vida. Son muchos los beneficios de la lactancia materna, pero los investigadores señalan una baja frecuencia de la misma.Objetivo:Identificar las principales quejas que afectan a las donantes de leche humana que acuden al Banco de Leche Humana de una Maternidad de Alagoas. Metodología:Estudio transversal, realizado a través de registros de 2.909 niños donantes entre 2015 y 2018. Se recogieron las principales quejas de las madres y se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las más prevalentes.Resultados:El grupo de edad más frecuente de las puérperas fue de 28 y 39 años. Las principales quejas referidas fueron: hiperlactancia y lesiones mamarias -senos llenos (13,5%) y fisuras(5,6%). Se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre las quejas y la edad materna -fisuras: 29 años; senos llenos: 25,9 años. La donación voluntaria de leche fue el principal motivo de demanda al Banco de Leche Humana, ya que recibióinformación sobre la importancia y los beneficios de la lactancia materna. Conclusiones:Se observa que la búsqueda del Banco de Leche Humana para las puérperas muestra una escasez de información, siendo este servicio fundamental para orientar y conducir estos problemas (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Feeding , Lactation , Epidemiology , Postpartum Period , Milk Banks , Statistics, Nonparametric , Qualitative Research , Milk, Human
14.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 166-173, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279097

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Distintos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica evalúan la mácula. Objetivo: R2) entre las densidades vascular y de perfusión de dos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica, para determinar si sus mediciones podían intercambiarse. Método: Estudio observacional, comparativo, prospectivo, transversal entre dos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica (AngioPlex, Zeiss) en sujetos sanos. Se identificó la R2 entre las densidades vascular y de perfusión central, interna y completa (protocolo de 3 x 3 mm), y central, interna, externa y completa (protocolo de 6 x 6 mm). Resultados: 78 ojos, mediana de edad 23 años. Hubo R2 altas entre las densidades interna y completa del protocolo de 3 x 3 mm (0.96), externa y completa del de 6 x 6 mm (0.96), y centrales vasculares y de perfusión (≥ 0.96); la R2 entre las densidades centrales vascular y de perfusión de distintos protocolos fue ≤ 0.71. Conclusiones: Las densidades vasculares y de perfusión tienen R2 alta dentro de un protocolo, pero no entre protocolos, porque estos miden preferentemente zonas distintas, lo cual limita intercambiar mediciones.


Abstract Introduction: Different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) scanning protocols evaluate the macula. Objective: To compare the determination coefficients (R2) between vessel and perfusion densities of two OCTA scanning protocols, to learn whether their metrics could be interchanged. Method: Non-experimental, comparative, prospective, observational, cross-sectional study, between two OCTA scanning protocols (Angioplex, Zeiss) in healthy subjects. We found the R2 between central, inner, and full densities (3 x 3 mm protocol), and between central, inner, outer and full densities (6 x 6 mm protocol), both for vessel and perfusion densities. Results: 78 eyes, median age 23 years. There were high R2 between inner and full densities in the 3 x 3 mm protocol (0.96), between outer and full densities in the 6 x 6 mm protocol (0.96) and between central vessel and perfusion densities (≥0.96); R2 between central vessel and perfusion densities of different protocols (≤0.71). Conclusions: Vessel and perfusion densities have high determination coefficients within a scanning protocol, but not between protocols, because each preferentially measures different macular areas. The metrics of different protocols should not be interchanged for follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Angiography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Macula Lutea/blood supply , Regional Blood Flow/physiology , Blood Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Visual Acuity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Healthy Volunteers , Macula Lutea/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 1-13, jan. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147538

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A ocorrência de multimorbidade, a qual corresponde ao acúmulo de doenças crônicas, é considerada um problema de saúde pública e suas consequências na saúde bucal carecem de evidências científicas em grandes populações. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da multimorbidade nas condições de saúde bucal em idosos brasileiros. Método: Realizou-se um estudo transversal e de base populacional, utilizando a base de dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. A presença de multimorbidade em idosos foi considerada quando o mesmo possuía um diagnóstico de duas ou mais doenças crônicas. Com relação às condições de saúde bucal, essas foram coletadas a partir das variáveis estudadas na referida pesquisa. O teste Qui-quadrado foi utilizado para a análise dos dados e em seguida as razões de prevalência foram ajustadas por meio da regressão múltipla de Poisson. Resultados: Participaram 11.697 idosos e, desses, 53,1% possuíam multimorbidade. Na análise multivariada, observou-se que a presença de multimorbidade em idosos predispôs a um relato negativo da autopercepção de saúde bucal (p=0,025), à dificuldade de se alimentar devido a problemas dentários (p0,001), a perder totalmente os dentes superiores (p0,001) e a escovar os dentes ou próteses pelo menos uma vez ao dia (p=0,025). Conclusão:Diante dos resultados, conclui-se que a maioria das condições de saúde bucal, assim como a autopercepção das mesmas apresentam-se piores na presença de multimorbidade na população idosa (AU).


Introduction:The occurrence of multimorbidity, which corresponds to the accumulation of chronic diseases, is considered a public health problem and its consequences on oral health lack scientific evidence in large populations.Objective:To evaluate the impact of multimorbidity on oral health conditions in elderly Brazilians.Methods:A cross-sectional and population-based study was carried out, using the database of the National Health Survey. The presence of multimorbidity in the elderly was considered when they had adiagnosis of two or more chronic diseases. Regarding oral health conditions, these were collected from the variables studied in the National Health Survey. The Chi-square test was used for data analysis and then the prevalence ratios were adjusted using Poisson multiple regression.Results:11,697 elderly people participated and, of these, 53.1% had multimorbidity. In the multivariate analysis, it was observed that the presence of multimorbidity in the elderly predisposed to a negative report of self-perceived oral health (p=0.025), the difficulty of eating due to dental problems (p0.001), to lose teeth completely (p0.001)and brushing teeth or dentures at least once a day (p=0.025). Conclusions:In view of the results, it is concluded that most oral health conditions, as well as their self-perception, are worse in the presence of multimorbidity in the elderly population (AU).


Introducción:La aparición de multimorbilidad, que corresponde a la acumulación de enfermedades crónicas, se considera un problema de salud pública y sus consecuencias sobre la salud bucalcarecen de evidencia científica en grandes poblaciones. Objetivo:Evaluar el impacto de la multimorbilidad en las condiciones de salud bucal en los brasileños de edad avanzada. Método:Se realizó un estudio transversal y basado en la población, utilizando la base de datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud. Se consideró la presencia de multimorbilidad en los ancianos cuando tenían un diagnóstico de dos o más enfermedades crónicas. En cuanto a las condiciones de salud bucal, se obtuvieron de las variables estudiadas en el Encuesta Nacional de Salud. La prueba de Chi-cuadrado se usó para el análisis de datos y luego las razones de prevalencia se ajustaron mediante regresión múltiple de Poisson. Resultados:Participaron 11.697 personas mayores y, de estos, 53.1% tenían multimorbilidad. En el análisis multivariante, se observó que la presencia de multimorbilidad en los ancianos predispone a un informe negativo de autopercepción de la salud bucal (p=0,025), la dificultad de comer debido a problemas dentales (p0,001), para perder los dientes por completo (p0,001) y cepillarse los dientes o las dentaduras postizas al menos una vez al día (p=0,025).Conclusiones:En vista de los resultados, se concluye que la mayoría de las afecciones de salud bucal, así como su autopercepción, son peores en presencia de multimorbilidad en la población de edad avanzada (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Aged , Oral Health , Multimorbidity , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Health Surveys , Statistics, Nonparametric , Research Report
16.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 14-29, jan. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147542

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Técnicas para extração dentária vêm sendo aperfeiçoadas objetivando um procedimento que diminua o esforço profissional, o tempo cirúrgicoeamenize as dores e os processos inflamatórios. Neste sentido os extratores minimamente traumáticos,com a exodontia vertical, propõem-se a preservar o osso alveolar e proporcionar uma recuperação mais rápida e confortável para o paciente. Objetivo:Avaliar a efetividade do kit para extração minimamente traumática da Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) na exodontia de raízes residuais de incisivos, caninos e pré-molares unirradiculares. Metodologia:Trata-se de um ensaio clínico, prospectivo e analítico. Os pacientes foram operados utilizando o dispositivo, sendo avaliados os dados demográficos, tempo cirúrgico, dor e conforto após a cirurgia, bem como o grau de satisfação profissional com o uso do dispositivo. Para verificar diferenças significativas foi utilizado o teste de Mann-Whitney e a busca de associações foi realizada com o Exato de Fisher. Para todos os testes foi estabelecida uma significância com p<0,05.Resultados:Quarenta elementos foram removidos, o tempo cirúrgico foi em média 16,28 minutos, níveis de dor e conforto imediatamente após a cirurgia se mantiveram baixos (p<0,0001), e o grau de satisfação profissional se manteve alto (p<0,0001). A taxa de sucesso do dispositivo foi de 93,3% para os elementosincisivos e 20% para os elementos caninos e pré-molares (p<0,0001).Conclusões:A eficácia do extrator é determinada pelo tamanho da superfície radicular cobertas com fibras periodontais e a localização do dente. No entanto pode ser bem indicada no planejamento de reabilitações implantosuportadas em região anterior de maxila e mandíbula (AU).


Introduction:Techniques for tooth extraction have been improvedaiming at a procedure that reduces professional effort, surgical time, pain and inflammatory processes. In this sense, minimally traumatic extractors with vertical extraction, propose to preserve the alveolar bone and provide a faster and more comfortablerecovery for the patient. Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of the Maximus® Minimally Traumatic Extraction Kit (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) in the extraction of uniradicular residual roots from incisors, canines and premolars.Methodology:Thisis a clinical, prospective and analytical trial. Patients were operated on using the device, and demographic data, surgical time, pain and comfort after surgery were evaluated, as well as the degree of professional satisfaction with the use of the device.To verify significant differences, the Mann-Whitney test was used and the search for associations was performed with Fisher's exact test. For all tests, significance was set at p<0.05.Results:Forty elements were removed, surgical time averaged 16.28 minutes, levels of pain and comfort immediately after surgery remained low (p<0.0001), and the degree of job satisfaction remained high (p<0.0001). The success rate of the device was 93.3% for the incisor elements and 20% for the canine and premolar elements (p<0.0001).Conclusions:The effectiveness of the extractor is determined by the size of the root surface covered with periodontal fibers and the location of the tooth. However, can be well indicated in planning implanted rehabilitation in the anterior region of the maxilla and mandible (AU).


Introducción: Se han mejorado las técnicas de extracciónde dientescon el objetivo de un procedimiento que reduzca el esfuerzo profesional, el tiempo quirúrgico, el dolor y los procesos inflamatorios. En este sentido, los extractores mínimamente traumáticos con extracción vertical tienen como objetivo preservar el hueso alveolar y proporcionar una recuperación más rápida y cómoda para el paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del Kit de Extracción Mínimamente Traumática Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) en la extracción de raíces residuales de incisivos, caninos y premolares uniradiculares. Metodología: Es un ensayo clínico, prospectivo y analítico. Los pacientes fueron intervenidos con el dispositivo y se evaluaron datos demográficos, tiempo quirúrgico, dolor y comodidad después de la cirugía, así como el grado de satisfacción laboral con el uso del dispositivo. Para verificar diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba de Mann-Whitney y la búsqueda de asociaciones se realizó mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para todas las pruebas, la significancia se estableció en p <0,05. Resultados:Se retiraron cuarenta ítems, el tiempo quirúrgico promedió 16,28 minutos, los niveles de dolor y comodidad inmediatamente después de la cirugía permanecieron bajos (p<0,0001) y el grado de satisfacción laboral se mantuvo alto (p<0,0001). La tasa de éxito del dispositivo fue del 93,3% para los elementos incisivos y del 20% para los elementos caninos y premolares (p<0,0001).Conclusiones: La efectividad del extractor está determinada por el tamaño de la superficie radicular cubierta por fibras periodontales y la ubicación del diente. Sin embargo, puede resultar muy adecuado para planificar la rehabilitación con implantes en la región anterior del maxilar y la mandíbula (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Tissue Preservation , Tooth Extraction/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Alveolar Process/surgery , Bicuspid , Effectiveness , Brazil , Efficacy , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cuspid , Incisor
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 30-39, jan. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147555

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A disfunção temporomandibular,distúrbio que acomete as estruturas ósseas, musculares e articulares da região orofacial tem sido cada vez mais recorrente. Esse distúrbio causa dores, limitação de movimento e alteração na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos com a doença. Se fazemnecessáriasmedidas de controle e tratamento dessadoença de prevalência crescente. Objetivo:Avaliar a amplitude de abertura bucal em pacientes portadores de disfunção temporomandibular, submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia após 1 e 3 meses de tratamento.Metodologia:Avaliou-se a amplitude de abertura bucal de 25 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia. Todos os pacientes foram diagnosticados com disfunçãode acordo com o eixo 1 do "Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders". Os dados colhidos foram avaliados através do programa SPSS e foi realizado o teste Wilcoxon, com nível de confiança de 95%. Resultados:Para pacientes que apresentavam comprometimento da amplitude de abertura máxima sem auxílio, a fisioterapia possibilitou melhora significativa do ganho de amplitude no tempo inicial e após um mês de terapia (p= 0,002), mantendo a amplitude até o terceiro mês, sem apresentar ganho significativo. Conclusões:Para a variável amplitude de abertura bucal, a fisioterapia se mostra como uma boa alternativa de tratamento, alcançando resultados satisfatórios para o ganho de amplitude e melhoria do quadro sintomático do paciente (AU).


Introduction:Temporomandibulardisorder, a disorder that affects bone, muscle and joint structures in the orofacial region has been increasingly recurrent. This disorder causes pain, movement limitation and changes in the quality of life of patients affected by the disease. Control measures and treatment of the disease of increasing prevalence are necessary. Objective:To evaluate the range of mouth opening in patients undergoing treatment with physiotherapy after 1 and 3 months of treatment. Methodology:It was the amplitude of mouth opening in 25 patients submitted to treatment with physiotherapy. All patients were diagnosed with disorder according to axis 1 of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. The collected data were evaluatedusing the SPSS program and the Wilcoxon test was performed, with a 95% confidence level. Results:For patients who presented impairment of the maximum opening amplitude without assistance, physiotherapy enabled a significant improvement in amplitude gainin the initial time and after one month of therapy (p= 0.002), maintaining the amplitude until the third month, without showing any significant gain. Conclusions:For the variable mouth opening amplitude, physiotherapy is shown to be a good treatment alternative, achieving satisfactory results for gaining amplitude and improving the patient's symptomatic condition (AU).


Introducción: El trastorno temporomandibular, un trastorno que afecta las estructuras óseas, musculares y articulares en la región orofacial, ha sido cada vez más recurrente. Este trastorno causa dolor, limitación de movimiento y cambios en la calidad de vida de los pacientes afectados por la enfermedad. Son necesarias medidas de control y tratamiento de la enfermedad de prevalencia creciente.Objetivo: Evaluar la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en pacientes con disfunción temporomandibular, sometidos a tratamiento con fisioterapia después de 1 y 3 meses de tratamiento.Metodología: Se evaluó la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en 25 pacientes sometidos a tratamiento de fisioterapia. Todos los pacientes fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de acuerdo con el eje 1 del Criterios de diagnóstico de investigación para trastornos temporomandibulares. Los datos recopilados se evaluaron utilizando el programa SPSS y se realizó la prueba de Wilcoxon, con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Para los pacientes que presentaron deterioro de la amplitud máxima de apertura sin asistencia, la fisioterapia permitió una mejora significativa en la ganancia de amplitud en el tiempo inicial ydespués de un mes de terapia (p=0,002), manteniendo la amplitud hasta el tercer mes, sin mostrar ninguna ganancia significativa.Conclusiones: Para la amplitud variable de apertura de la boca, se muestra que la fisioterapia es una buena alternativa de tratamiento, logrando resultados satisfactorios para aumentar la amplitud y mejorar la condición sintomática del paciente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/pathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Physical Therapy Specialty , Quality of Life , Brazil , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 21(supl.1): e210028, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the accuracy of three different digital bracket positioning systems, comparing vertical, mesiodistal and buccolingual accuracy. Material and Methods The same case was sent to Orapix, Insignia, and Orthocad systems and the brackets were bonded to the malocclusion models.Damon 3 MX brackets were used with all systems and the brackets were bonded to the models with the same bonding protocol and materials. The comparison of the position of each single bracket was made with digital photography, and ImageJ software was used to find the length in pixels and then convert it to hundredths of a mm for vertical, mesiodistal and buccolingual displacement, compared to the setup. Results Insignia System reported the average higher vertical displacement (0.28 mm), compared with the other two appliances (0.22-0.23 mm), and showed the lowest average displacement for the mesiodistal and buccolingual positioning (0.14 and 0.07 mm, respectively).However, these slight bracket positioning variations between these bonding systems were not statistically different (p>0.05). Conclusion The three systems analyzed were shown to be accurate in positioning the brackets, and none of them was statistically better.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/instrumentation , Orthodontic Brackets , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Data Accuracy , Malocclusion , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Italy
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 21(supl.1): e0032, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351223

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of Suresmile® lingual therapy on torque, tip, and rotations measures through digital evaluation of planning and post-treatment digital models. Material and Methods: A sample of 12 Caucasian adult patients (4 men; mean age 30.6 years ± 3.9 and 8 women; mean age 31.4 years ± 4.5) treated with the Suresmile® lingual orthodontic technique was retrospectively selected, regardless of the type of malocclusion. Digital planning was performed with Suresmile® software, while lingual therapy was accomplished with interactive self-ligating lingual brackets and customized Suresmile® arches. First, digital models of planning and post-treatment digital models were compared using VAM software (and the discrepancies were analyzed through MANOVA and four multivariate. Then, Tukey and Bonferroni's post-hoc tests are performed. Results: The accuracy average values are 60.11 ± 27.67% for torque, 53.52 ± 27.37% for tip and 59.19 ± 26.42% for rotation, while for inaccuracy values are 2.72° ± 2.23° for torque, 2.98° ± 2.16°for tip and 3.58° ± 3.29° for rotation. No significant differences have been recorded evaluating different sectors of both arches. Conclusion: This retrospective preliminary study highlight how overcorrections, especially in the Suresmile lingual technique, should be performed during orthodontic planning. Moreover, the study gets bases for further, more structured future studies that should involve larger and more homogeneous samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Occlusion , Esthetics, Dental , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion , Pilot Projects , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Italy
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143392

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the correlation between human development and dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren from the twenty-seven Brazilian states and to analyze the spatial distribution of these variables. Material and Methods: This was an ecological study using secondary data from the National Epidemiological Oral Health Survey 2010 and from the United Nations Development Program. Human development was measured by the Human Development Index (HDI) and dental caries by the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth index (DMFT). Dental caries prevalence and experience at the age of 12, and state HDI were entered into Google Sheets® and Google My Maps® for map creation. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation (HDI and DMFT, DMFT individual components, prevalence of dental caries and prevalence of dental pain) (p<0.05). Results: Prevalence of dental caries ranged from 37.3% to 78.2% among the states. Dental caries was more prevalent in Rondônia (78.2%) and less prevalent in Santa Catarina (37.3%). Mean DMFT ranged from 1.06 to 4.81, with the highest value in Rondônia (4.81) and the lowest in Distrito Federal (1.06). HDI ranged from 0.631 (Alagoas) to 0.863 (Distrito Federal). There were negative correlations between HDI and dental caries (r=-0.504), dental caries experience (r=-0.459), decayed (r=-0.441) and missing (r=-0.441) components of the DMFT (p<0.05). Conclusion: Higher human development of the region lower dental caries experience and prevalence in 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Health/education , Epidemiology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Human Development , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Development Indicators , Ecological Studies
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