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Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0008, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360919


ABSTRACT Minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries are surgical treatment alternatives for glaucoma aimed at reducing intraocular pressure with a better safety profile compared to traditional trabeculectomy. However, in spite of less invasive techniques, complications may develop in any surgical procedure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of anterior uveitis following combined treatment with cataract surgery and iStent inject® which addresses the management of postoperative inflammation.

RESUMO As cirurgias minimamente invasivas para glaucoma consistem em uma opção de tratamento cirúrgico para glaucoma, a qual promove redução da pressão intraocular com melhor perfil de segurança do que a trabeculectomia. Todavia, complicações são inerentes à realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos, apesar do uso de técnicas menos invasivas. Este é o primeiro relato que apresenta um caso de uveíte anterior após cirurgia combinada de catarata e iStent inject®, além de orientações quanto ao manejo do quadro inflamatório.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Uveitis/drug therapy , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Uveitis, Anterior/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Titanium , Trabecular Meshwork/surgery , Tropicamide/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Stents , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/surgery , Injections, Intraocular , Intraocular Pressure , Acetazolamide/administration & dosage
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 360-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358943


El cáncer de vesícula es la neoplasia maligna más frecuente del tracto biliar. Con un mal pronóstico, su enfoque terapéutico muchas veces se centra en el tratamiento paliativo debido a que los pacientes suelen recibir un diagnóstico en estadios avanzados de la neoplasia, en los cuales ya no son candidatos para tratamientos quirúrgicos curativos. Por esta razón se utilizan stents o drenajes vesiculares, a fin de reducir el principal síntoma que se presenta: la ictericia, con sus consecuencias, por obstrucción biliar maligna. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión de la evidencia recolectada en los últimos 5 años (período 2016 - 2021) acerca de los diferentes abordajes mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento paliativo del cáncer de vesícula, sus resultados clínicos, y las diferencias entre ellos.

Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignancy neoplasm of the bile ducts. With a poor prognosis, its therapeutic approach is often focused on palliative treatment because patients usually receive a diagnosis in advanced stages of the neoplasm, in which they are no longer candidates for curative surgical treatments. For this reason, stents or gallbladder drains are used in order to reduce the main symptom that occurs: jaundice, with its consequences, due to malignant biliary obstruction. This article aims to review the evidence collected in the last 5 years (period 2016 - 2021) about the different minimally invasive approaches in the palliative treatment of gallbladder cancer, their clinical results, and the differences between them.

Humans , Palliative Care , Epidemiologic Studies , Stents , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/therapy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Early Detection of Cancer , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 282-285, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287281


Abstract Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage is a rare and diverse anomaly, accounting for 1% to 3% of patients with congenital heart disease. Newborns with diagnosis of an obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous dainage are extremely ill soon after birth and often present with severe cyanosis, pulmonary hypertension and low cardiac output requiring urgent surgical intervention. Transcatheter palliative stenting of the obstructive vertical vein can be an acceptable alternative as a bailout intervention before complete surgical correction is undertaken. This report of two cases highlights the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the inter ventional palliative procedure and confirms that this technique can be an acceptable and attractive bridge in the algorithm of medical decisions during the evaluation of these critical patients.

Resumen El drenaje venoso pulmonar anómalo total es una enfermedad poco frecuente y de presentación diversa y se observa en el 1% a 3% de las cardiopatías congénitas. Si se asocia a obstrucción, se convierte en una afección grave en el recién nacido, mostrando cianosis intensa, hipertensión arterial pulmonar y bajo gasto cardíaco con indicación de intervención quirúrgica de urgencia. El implante de stent por cateterismo de forma paliativa para aliviar la obstrucción puede ser una alternativa aceptable de tratamiento como intervención de rescate antes de la corrección quirúrgica definitiva. Presentamos dos casos de intervención percutánea paliativa mostrando que esta técnica puede ser eficaz como puente al tratamiento quirúrgico definitivo para ser incorporado en la toma de decisiones de estos pacientes críticos.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Stents , Drainage
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 574-583, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154511


ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe our experience in the management of retained encrusted ureteral stents using a single session combined endourological approach. Materials and Methods: Patients with retained encrusted ureteral stents who had been submitted to a single session combined endourological approach from June 2010 to June 2018 were prospectively evaluated. Patients were divided according to the Forgotten-Encrusted-Calcified (FECal) classification. The stone burden, surgical intervention, number of interventions until stone free status, operation time, hospital stay, complications, stone analysis, and stone-free rate were compared between groups. ANOVA was used to compare numerical variables, and the Mann-Whitney or Chi-square test to compare categorical variables between groups. Results: We evaluated 50 patients with a mean follow-up of 2.9±1.4 years (mean±SD). The groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, laterality, BMI, comorbidities, ASA, reason for stent passage, and indwelling time. The stone burden was higher for grades IV and V (p=0.027). Percutaneous nephrolithotomy was the most common procedure (p=0.004) for grades IV and V. The number of procedures until the patients were stone-free was 1.92±1.40, and the hospital stay (4.2±2.5 days), complications (22%), and stone analysis (66% calcium oxalate) were similar between groups. The stone-free rate was lower in grades III to V (60%, 54.5%, and 50%). Conclusions: The endoscopic combined approach in the supine position is a safe and feasible technique that allows removal of retained and encrusted stents in a single procedure. The FECal classification seems to be useful for surgical planning.

Humans , Ureter , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Device Removal
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 596-609, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154501


ABSTRACT Background: Many medical therapies have been tested to deal with urinary stent-related symptoms (USRS). Several preventive and pharmaceutical methods have been already used for better compatibility of stents. However, the existing evidence for pharmacological treatment is still controversial. This study aims to evaluate the effects of pregabalin, solifenacin, and combination therapy on ureteral double-J stent-related symptoms following ureteroscopy and transureteral lithotripsy (TUL). Materials and methods: In a randomized controlled clinical trial, from November 2017 to March 2019, 256 patients who underwent ureteroscopy were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into four groups including: group A received pregabalin 75mg BID (twice daily), group B received solifenacin 5mg orally once daily, group C received combination of pregabalin and solifenacin and the group D (control) given no drugs. Results: One hundred and fifty-one (58.9%) males and 101 (41.1%) females were enrolled in this study with a mean age of 43.47±7 (p=0.32, p=0.67). USSQ domains score such as urinary symptoms, pain, general condition, work performance, sexual matters and additional problems were significantly differenced during second and fourth week of follow-up among study groups (p <0.0001). In Tukey's multiple comparison test, urinary symptoms (p=0.735), pain (p=0.954) and sexual matters (p=0.080) in second week and work performance in forth week in group B was not significantly better than group D. Only group C in all indexes of USSQ showed significantly beneficial effects over group D (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Combination therapy of pregabalin and solifenacin has a significant effect on stent-related symptoms and is preferred over monotherapy of the respected medications.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ureter , Stents/adverse effects , Solifenacin Succinate/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 727-733, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285209


Resumo Fundamento: A incidência de reestenose da artéria coronária após o implante de um stent não farmacológico é mais baixa que na angioplastia com balão; no entanto, ainda apresenta altas taxas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar novos indicadores de risco para reestenose de stent usando ultrassonografia das carótidas que, em conjunto com indicadores já existentes, ajudariam na escolha do stent. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo prospectivo transversal incluindo 121 pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronariana que foram submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea com angiografia nos 12 meses anteriores. Após os casos de reestenose de stent serem identificados, os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia de carótidas para avaliar a espessura da camada íntima média e placas ateroscleróticas. Os dados foram analisados por regressão múltipla de Cox. O nível de significância foi p<0,05. Resultados: A idade mediana dos pacientes foi de 60 anos (1º quartil = 55, 3º quartil = 68), e 64,5% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A angiografia coronária mostrou que 57 pacientes (47,1%) apresentaram reestenose de stent. Cinquenta e cinco pacientes (45,5%) apresentaram placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas e 54,5% apresentaram placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa. Dos pacientes que apresentaram placas ecolucentes, 90,9% apresentaram reestenose do stent coronário, e daqueles com placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa, 10,6% apresentaram reestenose de stent. A presença de placas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas aumentou o risco de reestenose de stent coronário em 8,21 vezes (RR=8,21;IC95%: 3,58-18,82; p<0,001). Conclusões: A presença de placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes na artéria carótida constitui um preditor de risco de reestenose de stent coronário e deve ser considerada na escolha do tipo de stenta ser usado na angioplastia coronária.

Abstract Background: The incidence of restenosis of the coronary artery after a bare-metal stent implant has been lower than in simple balloon angioplasty; however, it still shows relatively high rates. Objective: The aim of this study was to find new risk indicators for in-stent restenosis using carotid ultrasonography, that, in addition to the already existing indicators, would help in decision-making for stent selection. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional prospective study including 121 consecutive patients with chronic coronary artery disease who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with repeat angiography in the previous 12 months. After all cases of in-stent restenosis were identified, patients underwent carotid ultrasonography to evaluate carotid intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis plaques. The data were analyzed by Cox multiple regression. The significance level was set a p<0.05. Results: Median age of patients was 60 years (1st quartile = 55, 3rd quartile = 68), and 64.5% of patients were male. Coronary angiography showed that 57 patients (47.1%) presented in-stent restenosis. Fifty-five patients (45.5%) had echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid arteries and 54.5% had echogenic plaques or no plaques. Of patients with who had echolucent plaques, 90.9% presented coronary in-stent restenosis. Of those who had echogenic plaques or no plaques, 10.6% presented in-stent restenosis. The presence of echolucent plaques in carotid arteries increased the risk of coronary in-stent restenosis by 8.21 times (RR=8.21; 95%CI: 3.58-18.82; p<0.001). Conclusions: The presence of echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid artery constitutes a risk predictor of coronary instent restenosis and should be considered in the selection of the type of stent to be used in coronary angioplasty.

Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Restenosis/etiology , Coronary Restenosis/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Stents/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Coronary Angiography , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Middle Aged
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 71-76, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248986


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary surgery and hepatic trauma are frequent causes of bile leaks and this feared complication can be safely managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The approach consists of sphincterotomy alone, biliary stenting or a combination of the two but the optimal form remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare sphincterotomy alone versus sphincterotomy plus biliary stent placement in the treatment of post-surgical and traumatic bile leaks. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients with the final ERCP diagnosis of "bile leak". Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of the leak and the procedure details. The treatment techniques were divided into two groups: sphincterotomy alone vs. sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting. We evaluated the volume of the abdominal surgical drain before and after each procedure and the number of days needed until cessation of drainage post ERCP. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients (18 men and 3 women; mean age, 51 years) with bile leaks were evaluated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the etiology of the leak in 14 (45%) cases, followed by conventional cholecystectomy in 9 (29%) patients, hepatic trauma in 5 (16%) patients, and hepatectomy secondary to neoplasia in 3 (9.7%) patients. The most frequent location of the leaks was the cystic duct stump with 12 (38.6%) cases, followed by hepatic common duct in 10 (32%) cases, common bile duct in 7 (22%) cases and the liver bed in 2 (6.5%) cases. 71% of the patients were treated with sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, and 29% with sphincterotomy alone. There was significant difference between the volume drained before and after both procedures (P<0.05). However, when comparing sphincterotomy alone and sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, regarding the volume drained and the days needed to cessation of drainage, there was no statistical difference in both cases (P>0.005). CONCLUSION: ERCP remains the first line treatment for bile leaks with no difference between sphincterotomy alone vs sphincterotomy plus stent placement.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Cirurgia hepatobiliar e trauma hepático são causas frequentes de fístulas biliares, e esta temida complicação pode ser manejada de forma segura através da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE). O procedimento consiste em esfincterotomia isolada, passagem de prótese biliar ou combinação das duas técnicas, porém a forma ideal permanece incerta. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é comparar a realização de esfincterotomia isolada versus locação de prótese biliar no tratamento de fístulas pós-cirúrgicas e traumáticas. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados de forma retrospectiva 31 CPREs com diagnóstico final de "fístula biliar". A informação colhida incluía dados demográficos dos pacientes, etiologia das fístulas e detalhes dos procedimentos. As técnicas de tratamentos foram divididas em dois grupos: esfincterotomia isolada vs esfincterotomia associada a locação de prótese biliar. Foram analisados os volumes dos drenos abdominais cirúrgicos antes e depois de cada procedimento e o número de dias necessários para que ocorresse cessação da drenagem pelo dreno abdominal cirúrgico após a CPRE. RESULTADOS: Um total de 31 pacientes (18 homens e 3 mulheres; idade média de 51 anos) com fístulas biliares foram avaliados. Colecistectomia laparoscópica foi a etiologia da fístula em 14 (45%) casos, seguida de colecistectomia convenvional em 9 (29%) pacientes, trauma hepático em 5 (16%) pacientes, e hepatectomia secundária a neoplasia em 3 (9,7%) pacientes. As localizações mais frequentes das fístulas foram: coto do ducto císticos com 12 (38,6%) casos, seguido de ducto hepático comum em 10 (32%) casos, ducto colédoco em 7 (22%) cases e leito hepático em 2 (6,5%) casos. 71% dos pacientes foram tratados com esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar e 29% com esfincterotomia isolada. Houve diferença estatística em relação ao volume drenado antes e depois de ambos os procedimentos (P<0,05). Entretanto, quando comparada esfincterotomia isolada e esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar, em relação ao volume drenado e ao número de dias necessários para cessação da drenagem, não houve diferença estatística em ambos os casos (P>0,005). CONCLUSÃO: A CPRE permanece como tratamento de primeira linha no tratamento de fístulas biliares, sem diferença entra a esfincterotomia isolada versus esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar.

Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Sphincterotomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Bile , Stents , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/adverse effects , Hospitals , Middle Aged
Repert. med. cir ; 30(2): 142-149, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362720


ntroducción: la relación entre dinapenia y sarcopenia da como resultado un aumento adicional en el riesgo de morbimortalidad en la población general, con un incremento progresivo de acuerdo con la edad. A partir de los 30 años debido a la disminución de la masa muscular y de la fuerza, se afecta la capacidad de ejercicio, la calidad de vida y el estado de ánimo. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de dinapenia y sarcopenia en los pacientes en rehabilitación cardíaca de un hospital colombiano, con mediciones de la fuerza y de los marcadores bioquímicos. Métodos: estudio de corte transversal en mayores de 40 años en rehabilitación cardíaca con controles al menos una vez por semana. La medición de la fuerza se realizó con dinamómetro de mano, la masa muscular con impedanciómetro bipolar y velocidad de la marcha con la prueba de caminata de 6 metros. Se tomaron mediciones de hormona de crecimiento (GH), testosterona libre, somatomedina IGF-1 y cortisol. Resultados: la disminución de la fuerza muscular fue prevalente en hombres (n=15, 19.4%; mujeres n=5, 10%). La prevalencia de dinapenia fue 15,7% y sarcopenia 0%. Los resultados obtenidos fueron GH 0.27 (0.08-1.18), testosterona 5.9 (0.3-8.5), IGF-1 126 (95.5-169) cortisol 13.9 (11.2-18.4). Las patologías más frecuentes de los pacientes del programa fueron infarto del miocardio, angioplastia e implantación de stent. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de dinapenia fue 15.7%. No se encontró diferencia alguna de los marcadores bioquímicos en los pacientes con y sin dinapenia.

Introduction: the relationship between dynapenia and sarcopenia results in an additional increment in the risk of morbidity and mortality in the general population, with a progressive age-associated increase. From the age of 30, exercise capacity, quality of life and mood are affected due to decreased muscle mass and strength. Objective: to determine the prevalence of dynapenia and sarcopenia in patients in cardiac rehabilitation in a Colombian hospital by measuring their muscle strength and biochemical markers. Methods: a cross-sectional study of patients over 40, in cardiac rehabilitation, attending follow-up visits at least once a week. Muscle strength was measured with a handheld dynamometer, muscle mass with bipolar impedance and walking speed with the 6-meter walking test. Growth hormone (GH), testosterone, somatomedin IGF-1 levels and control measurements were taken. Results: decrease in muscle strength was prevalent in men (n=15, 19.4%; women n=5, 10%). The prevalence of dynapenia was 15.7% and of sarcopenia 0%. The results obtained were GH 0.27 (0.08-1.18), testosterone 5.9 (0.3-8.5), IGF-1 126 (95.5-169) cortisol 13.9 (11.2-18.4). The most frequent pathological conditions of patients in the program were myocardial infarction, angioplasty and stent implantation. Conclusions: the prevalence of dynapenia was 15.7%. No difference in biochemical markers was found in patients with or without dynapenia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rehabilitation , Sarcopenia , Muscles , Stents , Methods
Repert. med. cir ; 30(1): 68-71, 2021. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1349138


Introducción: El síndrome de limb-shaking o sacudida de extremidades como presentación de un ataque isquémico transitorio es raro y suele asociarse con estenosis de las arterias carótidas internas. El principal diagnóstico diferencial es con crisis convulsivas. Presentación del caso: presentamos el caso de un paciente con estenosis carotídea intracraneal bilateral que cursó con sacudidas en extremidades y tuvo mejoría clínica satisfactoria tras un procedimiento con stent.

Limb-shaking syndrome or involuntary shaking movements of the affected limbs as a manifestation of a transient ischemic attack is rare and often is associated with internal carotid artery stenosis. The main differential diagnosis is a convulsive seizure. We present the case of a patient with bilateral intracranial carotid artery stenosis presenting as limb shaking syndrome, showing satisfactory clinical improvement after undergoing stent revascularization.

Humans , Male , Aged , Carotid Stenosis , Stroke , Ischemic Stroke , Stents , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Dyskinesias
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC5521, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154093


ABSTRACT Sophisticated imaging systems have helped to redefine the clinical presentation of acute macular neuroretinopathy and have markedly enhanced diagnostic sensitivity. The proposed mechanism of paracentral acute middle maculopathy is related to ischemia at the level of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexi. This is a case report of a patient who developed an acute macular neuroretinopathy after an uneventful angioplasty with stents in the coronary artery.

RESUMO Sistemas de imagem sofisticados ajudaram a redefinir a apresentação clínica da neurorretinopatia macular aguda e têm sensibilidade diagnóstica marcadamente aumentada. A maculopatia média aguda paracentral tem sido relacionada à isquemia ao nível dos plexos capilares superficial e profundo da retina. Este é um relato de caso de paciente que desenvolveu uma neurorretinopatia macular aguda após uma cirurgia de angioplastia com stents da artéria coronária sem complicações.

Humans , Female , Stents/adverse effects , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Atherosclerosis/surgery , Fluorescein Angiography , Acute Disease , Tomography, Optical Coherence , White Dot Syndromes/etiology , White Dot Syndromes/diagnostic imaging , Macular Degeneration , Middle Aged
Clinics ; 76: e2812, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249575


OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the hemodynamic effects of the multilayer flow-modulated stent (MFMS) in Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). METHODS: The hemodynamic effects of MFMS were analyzed in aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms in experimental swine models. We randomly assigned 18 pigs to the stent or control groups and underwent the creation of an artificial bovine pericardium transrenal aneurysm. In the stent group, an MFMS (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) was immediately implanted. After 4 weeks, we evaluated aneurysm sac thrombosis and renal branch patency by angiography, duplex scan, and morphological analysis. RESULTS: All the renal arteries remained patent after re-evaluation in both groups. Aneurysmal sac thrombosis was absent in the control group, whereas in the stent group it was present in 66.7% of aneurysmal sacs (p=0.061). The mean final aneurysm sac diameter was significantly lower in the stent group (mean estimated reduction, 6.90 mm; p=0.021). The proximal neck diameter decreased significantly in the stent group (mean difference, 2.51 mm; p=0.022) and grew significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.02 mm; p=0.007). The distal neck diameter increased significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.24 mm; p=0.017). There were no significant findings regarding distal neck measurements in the stent group. CONCLUSION: The MFMSs remained patent and did not obstruct the renal arteries within 4 weeks. In the stent group, the device was also associated with a significant decrease in aneurysmal sac diameter and a large proportion (albeit non-significant) of aneurysmal sac thrombosis.

Animals , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Prosthesis Design , Renal Artery/surgery , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cattle , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Models, Theoretical
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921823


To solve the problem of stent malapposition of intravascular stents, explore the design method of intravascular body-fitted stent structure and to establish an objective apposition evaluation method, the support and apposition performance of body-fitted stent in the stenotic vessels with different degrees of calcified plaque were simulated and analyzed. The traditional tube-mesh-like stent model was constructed by using computational aided design tool SolidWorks, and based on this model, the body-fitted stent model was designed by means of projection algorithm. Abaqus was used to simulate the crimping-expansion-recoil process of the two stents in the stenotic vessel with incompletely calcified plaque and completely calcified plaque respectively. A comprehensive method for apposition evaluation was proposed considering three aspects such as separation distance, fraction of non-contact area and residual volume. Compared with the traditional stent, the separation distances of the body-fitted stent in the incompletely calcified plaque model and the completely calcified plaque model were decreased by 21.5% and 22.0% respectively, the fractions of non-contact areas were decreased by 11.3% and 11.1% respectively, and the residual volumes were decreased by 93.1% and 92.5% respectively. The body-fitted stent improved the apposition performance and was effective in both incompletely and completely calcified plaque models. The established apposition performance evaluation method of stent considered more geometric factors, and the results were more comprehensive and objective.

Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Humans , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Stents
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921560


Objective To explore the cause and the treatment strategies of iliac limb occlusion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR). Methods The patients receiving EVAR in PUMC Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen(2.7%)cases of iliac limb occlusion were identified,among which 6,9,and 1 cases underwent surgical bypass,endovascular or hybrid procedure,and conservative treatment,respectively. Results Fifteen cases were successfully treated.During the 10.6-month follow-up,2 cases receiving hybrid treatment underwent femoral-femoral bypass due to re-occlusion of the iliac limb. Conclusions Iliac limb occlusion mostly occurs in the acute phase after EVAR,and endovascular or hybrid treatment can be the first choice for iliac limb occlusion.It is suggested to focus on the risk factors for prevention.

Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921555


Objective To explore the feasibility of using ultrasound to evaluate stent placement for managing graft stenosis after Meso-rex bypass for cavernous transformation of the portal vein in adults. Methods This study enrolled the patients who underwent Meso-rex bypass due to cavernous transformation of the portal vein,were diagnosed graft stenosis by postoperative ultrasound,and then underwent percutaneous portal vein puncture portography and stent placement.We then compared the ultrasonic measurement indicators and sonographic manifestations before and after stent placement,and evaluated the alleviation of portal hypertension symptoms after stent placement and related clinical indexes. Results Finally,8 patients were enrolled in this study,including 5 males and 3 females,with an average age of(32.4±14.7)years.The median duration of follow-up was 26 months after stent placement.The mean diameter of graft stenosis was(2.74±0.23)mm after Meso-rex bypass and became wider[(7.23±0.68)mm]after stent placement(

Adolescent , Adult , Constriction, Pathologic , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein/surgery , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult