Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 5.284
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0188, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394844

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Research on the relationship between physical exercise and psychological stress, psychological barriers, and other negative psychological indicators has begun to turn to the relationship with positive psychological indicators, especially personal satisfaction. These tools from positive psychology may be useful for analyzing the subjective effects of physical exercise on college students' perceptions. Objective To verify the impact of physical exercise on college students' physical quality and personal satisfaction. Methods An exposition of the connotation of subjective well-being in college students and the internal relationship between physical exercise and college students' subjective well-being is given, and analyzes the impact of physical exercise on college students' subjective well-being and its psychological mechanism. Results as an important social group, college students are in a critical period of life, and their quality of life and mental health deserve attention. The influence of exercise on physical and mental health has become a consensus. Conclusion Physical exercise can reduce not only stress attacks but also promote the development of mental health and personal satisfaction in college students. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução A pesquisa sobre a relação entre exercício físico e estresse psicológico, barreiras psicológicas e outros indicadores psicológicos negativos começou a se voltar para a relação com os indicadores psicológicos positivos, especialmente a satisfação pessoal. Essas ferramentas da psicologia positiva podem ser úteis para analisar os efeitos subjetivos do exercício físico sobre a percepção dos estudantes universitários. Objetivo Verificar o impacto do exercício físico na qualidade física dos estudantes universitários e de sua satisfação pessoal. Métodos É feita uma exposição da conotação do bem-estar subjetivo nos estudantes universitários e a relação interna entre o exercício físico e o bem-estar subjetivo dos estudantes universitários, e analisa o impacto do exercício físico no bem-estar subjetivo dos estudantes universitários e seu mecanismo psicológico. Resultados como um grupo social importante, os estudantes universitários estão em um período crítico de vida, e sua qualidade de vida e saúde mental merecem atenção. A influência do exercício físico sobre a saúde física e mental tornou-se um consenso. Conclusão O exercício físico pode não apenas reduzir os ataques de estresse, mas também promover o desenvolvimento da saúde mental e satisfação pessoal dos estudantes universitários. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La investigación sobre la relación entre el ejercicio físico y el estrés psicológico, las barreras psicológicas y otros indicadores psicológicos negativos ha comenzado a dirigirse a la relación con los indicadores psicológicos positivos, especialmente la satisfacción personal. Estas herramientas de la psicología positiva pueden ser útiles para analizar los efectos subjetivos del ejercicio físico en las percepciones de los estudiantes universitarios. Objetivo Verificar el impacto del ejercicio físico en la calidad física y la satisfacción personal de los estudiantes universitarios. Métodos Se hace una exposición de la connotación del bienestar subjetivo en los estudiantes universitarios y la relación interna entre el ejercicio físico y el bienestar subjetivo de los estudiantes universitarios, y se analiza el impacto del ejercicio físico en el bienestar subjetivo de los estudiantes universitarios y su mecanismo psicológico. Resultados como grupo social importante, los estudiantes universitarios se encuentran en un período crítico de la vida, y su calidad de vida y salud mental merecen atención. La influencia del ejercicio físico en la salud física y mental se ha convertido en un consenso. Conclusión El ejercicio físico no sólo puede reducir los ataques de estrés, sino también promover el desarrollo de la salud mental y la satisfacción personal en los estudiantes universitarios. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Quality of Life , Students/psychology , Exercise/psychology , Stress, Psychological , Universities , Mental Health , Student Health , Emotions
2.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13(n.esp1): 1-7, set. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1396201

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever estratégias para controle do estresse psicológico, identificando a relação entre o estresse psicológico e a qualidade de vida de enfermeiros. Métodos: Revisão integrativa realizada entre junho e julho de 2020, com publicações dos últimos cinco anos, nas bases de dados National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. Resultados: Foram encontrados 3.796 artigos para análise, dos quais 19 foram incluídos no estudo. O tipo de estratégia para controle do estresse psicológico predominante identificado foi a meditação. As intervenções identificadas foram efetivas na redução do estresse e evidenciou-se que existe associação negativa entre os estressores e a qualidade de vida. Dentre os maiores benefícios advindos, encontraram-se melhoria na atenção, comunicação, qualidade do sono, habilidade de estar presente, compaixão e bem-estar geral. Conclusão: Existem fatores inerentes e não-inerentes ao trabalho que influenciam a qualidade de vida do enfermeiro. Meditação, ioga e programas educacionais são exemplos de estratégias com as quais o profissional pode reduzir os níveis de estresse e, consequentemente, o burnout, e aumentar a satisfação da compaixão. (AU)


Objective: Describe strategies for psychological stress management, elucidating the relationship between psychological stress and the quality of life in registered nurses. Methods: This study is an integrative review, conducted in 2020 among the months of june and july, including publications from the last five years from the following databases National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online and Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. Results: 3,796 articles were found for analysis and 19 fulfilled the criteria and were included in the study. The predominant type of strategy for psychological stress management found was meditation. The interventions founded were effective in reducing stress and it demonstrated that there is a negative association between stressors and quality of life. Amongst the greatest benefits can be highlighted improved attention, communication, better sleep quality, ability to be present in the moment, compassion and general well-being. Conclusion: There are inherent and non-inherent factors in labor that influence the nurse's quality of life. Meditation, yoga and educational programs are examples of strategies which the worker can use in order to reduce stress levels, burnout, and in exchange increase compassion satisfaction levels. (AU)


Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es describir estrategias para controlar el estrés psicologico, además, identificar la relación entre el estrés y la calidad de vida del enfermero. Metodos: Revisión integral realizada de junio hasta julio de 2020, con publicaciones de los últimos cinco años, en las bases de datos National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online y Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. Resultados: En total, se utilizaron 3.796 artículos para análisis, de los cuales 19 fueron incluidos en el estudio. La meditación se ha identificado como la estrategia predominante para controlar el estrés psicológico. Las intervenciones identificadas demonstraron eficacia para reducir el estrés y destacaron una asociación negativa entre los factores estresantes y la calidad de vida. Señalados como los mayores benefícios se encuentran la mejora en la atención, la comunicación, la calidad del sueño, de la capacidad de estar presente, de la compasión y del bienestar general. Conclusión: La calidad de vida de los enfermeros puede ser influida por factores vinculados o no al trabajo. La meditación, el yoga y las practicas educativas son ejemplos de estrategias con las que los profesionales pueden aumentar la compasión y reducir los niveles de estrés, en consecuencia disminuyendo la possibilidad de desarrollar el agotamiento profissional (AU)


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Quality of Life , Burnout, Professional , Occupational Health , Nursing
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(3): 573-586, jul.-set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398912

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo de abordagem qualitativa que objetivou analisar, a partir do referencial teórico da Análise Institucional Socioanalítica, o discurso dos jornalistas sobre a experiência de violência no processo de trabalho deles durante a pandemia da covid-19. Foi realizada entrevista projetiva com dez jornalistas com o auxílio de um painel de notícias, e a escolha dos participantes se deu por técnica de bola de neve. Os resultados apontaram que a violência aconteceu mediante abordagens nas ruas, na maioria das vezes sob a forma de agressões verbais proferidas por apoiadores do atual governo federal (2019-2022), o que causou nos jornalistas sofrimento psicológico e dificultou o desenvolvimento das atividades laborais. Faz-se necessário, após a pandemia, que a violência contra os jornalistas permaneça em pauta e que isso abra novas perspectivas para futuras linhas de pesquisa que possam aprimorar os protocolos de proteção aos profissionais da comunicação


This is a study with a qualitative approach that aimed to analyze, from the theoretical framework of Socioanalytical Institutional Analysis, the discourse of journalists about the experience of violence in their work process during the covid-19 pandemic. With the help of a news panel, we carried out a projective interview with ten journalists, and the participants were chosen with the snowball technique. The results pointed out that the violence happened through approaches in the streets, most of the time in the form of verbal attacks by supporters of the current federal government (2019-2022), which caused the journalists psychological suffering and difficulty in developing their work activities. After the pandemic is over it is necessary that violence against journalists remain on the agenda and that it opens new perspectives for future lines of research that can improve protection protocols for communication professionals


Se trata de un estudio con enfoque cualitativo que tuvo como objetivo analizar, desde el marco teórico del Análisis Socioanalítico Institucional, el discurso de periodistas sobre la experiencia de la violencia en su proceso de trabajo durante la pandemia de la covid-19. Se realizó una entrevista proyectiva a diez periodistas con la ayuda de un panel de noticias, y la elección de los participantes se hizo mediante la técnica de la bola de nieve. A partir de esto, los resultados señalaron que la violencia se dio por abordajes en las calles, la mayoría de las veces en forma de agresiones verbales por parte de simpatizantes del actual gobierno federal (2019-2022), provocando sufrimiento psicológico y dificultad en el desarrollo de actividades laborales por parte de los periodistas. Es necesario que la violencia contra los periodistas permanezca en la agenda tras la pandemia y abra nuevas perspectivas para futuras líneas de investigación que puedan mejorar los protocolos de protección de los profesionales de la comunicación


Subject(s)
Humans , Journalism , Workplace Violence , COVID-19 , Security Measures , Stress, Psychological , Federal Government , Aggression , Occupational Stress
4.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Salud Mental; 1 ed; Ago. 2022. 34 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1392066

ABSTRACT

La presente publicación describe los parámetros técnicos estandarizados, para la evaluación de la afectación psicológica de personas, en caso de haber sido víctimas de violencia contra las mujeres y los integrantes del grupo familiar y para contribuir a la recuperación integral y oportuna de las personas víctimas de violencia contra las mujeres e integrantes del grupo familiar que acuden a las Instituciones Prestadoras de Servicios de Salud (IPRESS)


Subject(s)
Reference Standards , Stress, Psychological , Mental Health , Domestic Violence , Risk Assessment , Victims Identification , Psychosocial Impact , Violence Against Women
5.
Med. infant ; 29(2): 132-138, Junio 2022. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1381872

ABSTRACT

El programa de Diagnóstico y Tratamiento Fetal (PDTF) coordina y optimiza el cuidado prenatal y perinatal de pacientes que consultan por alguna anomalía congénita severa (ACS). El servicio de Salud Mental forma parte del equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivo:Evaluar mediante indicadores específicos (estrés en torno a la internación neonatal, depresión, ansiedad, afrontamiento y apoyo social percibido) el impacto psicológico del PDTF en madres de recién nacidos (RN) con ACS internados en Neonatología, comparándolas con un grupo de pacientes con las mismas ACS ingresados por derivación posnatal habitual (DP). Diseño: transversal, comparativo. Población: madres de niños y niñas con ACS internados en neonatología, que cumplan con los criterios de admisión, con consentimiento. Instrumentos de medición: Cuestionario de MOS de Apoyo Social Percibido, Inventario de Depresión de Beck (BDI), Inventario de ansiedad estado/rasgo (STAI), Escala de estrés parental: Unidad de cuidados intensivos (PSS: NICU), Inventario de respuestas de afrontamiento de MOOS (CRI-A). Los datos se analizaron con REDCap y stata 12.0. Resultados: muestra constituida por 83 madres. El 61% tuvo seguimiento en PDTF. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la edad (M:24a), nivel educativo(55% estudios secundarios o superiores), situación de pobreza (25%), situación conyugal(89% en pareja estable), presencia de red de apoyo(95%). En cuanto a su procedencia el 62% de las madres del PDTF y el 81% de DP provenían de CABA y el Conurbano. Tenían diagnóstico prenatal solo el 31% de las DP. Los diagnósticos más prevalentes de los niños del PDTF fueron gastroquisis (37%) y hernia diafragmática (30%), en los niños con DP cardiopatía (22%) y gastroquisis (19%). Las madres del PDTF presentaron menores niveles de depresión que las de DP. Estas últimas fueron quienes aumentaron en mayor medida su estado de ansiedad con respecto a su rasgo habitual. El apoyo social percibido fue alto en ambos grupos al igual que el afrontamiento por aproximación. Conclusiones: Las intervenciones del programa tuvieron un efecto positivo sobre la ansiedad y la depresión en las madres durante la internación neonatal. (AU)


The Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Program ( FDTP) coordinates and optimizes prenatal and perinatal care of patients who consult for severe congenital anomalies (SCA). The Mental Health Department is part of the interdisciplinary team. Objective: To evaluate by means of specific indicators (stress around Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission, depression, anxiety, coping, and perceived social support) the psychological impact of the FDTP on mothers of newborns (NB) with SCA admitted to the NICU compared to a group of patients with the same SCA admitted through regular postnatal referral (PR). Design: cross-sectional, comparative study. Population: mothers of children with SCA admitted to the NICU who met the admission criteria and who signed informed consent. Measurement instruments: MOS Social Support Survey, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), StateTrait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS: NICU), Moos Coping Responses Inventory (CRI-A). Data were analyzed using REDCap and Stata 12.0. Results: the sample consisted of 83 mothers. Sixty-one percent were followed up by the FDTP. No significant differences were found in age (M:24y), educational level (55% secondary or higher education), poverty status (25%), marital status (89% in stable relationship), or presence of support network (95%). Regarding their origin, 62% of the FDTP mothers and 81% of the PR mothers came from the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. Only 31% of the PR children had a prenatal diagnosis. The most prevalent diagnoses in the FDTP children were gastroschisis (37%) and diaphragmatic hernia (30%), and in the PR children, cardiopathy (22%) and gastroschisis (19%). FDTP mothers presented with lower levels of depression than PR mothers. The latter were those who increased their state of anxiety to a greater extent compared to their usual trait. Perceived social support was high in both groups, as was coping by proxy. Conclusions: Program interventions had a positive effect on anxiety and depression in mothers during NICU admission (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Prenatal Diagnosis/psychology , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Mothers/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/psychology
6.
Investig. psicol. (La Paz, En línea) ; (27): 15-32, jun. 2022. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385979

ABSTRACT

Resumen El contexto social y educativo ha cambiado producto del aislamiento social por COVID-19. La investigación pretendió determinar la presencia de estrés académico, identificar los estresores, indagar el proceso de afrontamiento y revisar los resultados del rendimiento académico de los estudiantes peruanos de educación secundaria. El enfoque del trabajo fue mixto con diseño explicativo secuencial y la muestra estuvo constituida por 178 estudiantes de los tres últimos años de secundaria. Los resultados evidenciaron la presencia de estrés académico, siendo las mujeres, los estudiantes de escuelas privadas y de último año escolar quienes presentaban más estrés. Las tareas, el tiempo para desarrollarlas y la poca comprensión de los temas desarrollados fueron los principales estímulos estresores. Las estrategias de afrontamiento se centraron en organizar la carga académica, defender sus ideas y la búsqueda de información. El rendimiento académico mostró una relación inversa con el estrés y los varones presentaron mejor puntuación en el rendimiento. Por otra parte, los estudiantes percibieron que el buen humor y la interacción social con su familia y amigos son aspectos importantes; además, buscaron diversas actividades recreativas para superar los tiempos difíciles considerando las limitaciones de tiempo y espacio.


Abstract The social and educational context have changed as a result of social isolation due to COVID-19. The research aimed to determine the presence of academic stress, identify stressors, investigate the coping process and review the results of the academic performance of Peruvian students. The research approach was mixed with sequential explanatory scope and the sample consisted of 178 students from the final three year of study of high school. The results evidenced the presence of academic stress in the sample, being the women, the students of private schools and the students in their final year of study who presented more stress. The homework, the time to carry them out and the poor understanding of the topics developed were the main stressors. The coping strategies focused on organizing the courses load, defending their ideas and search information. Academic performance showed an inverse relationship with stress, and men had better performance scores. On the other hand, the students perceived that good humor and social interaction with their family and friends are important aspects; furthermore, they seek various leisure and recreational activities to overcome difficult times considering the limitations of time and space.


Resumo O contexto social e educacional mudou em decorrência do isolamento social devido ao COVID-19. Portanto, o objetivo principal da investigação foi verificar a presença de estresse acadêmico, identificar estressores, investigar o processo de enfrentamento e revisar os resultados do desempenho acadêmico de estudantes peruanos do ensino médio. O trabalho teve uma abordagem mista com um desenho explicativo sequencial e a amostra foi composta por 178 alunos dos três últimos anos do ensino médio. Os resultados mostraram a presença de estresse acadêmico, sendo as mulheres, alunos de escolas privadas e alunos do último ano letivo os que mais apresentaram estresse. As tarefas, o tempo para desenvolvê-las e a pouca compreensão dos temas desenvolvidos foram os principais estressores. As estratégias de enfrentamento focaram em organizar a carga acadêmica, defender suas ideias e buscar informações. O desempenho acadêmico apresentou relação inversa com o estresse e os meninos apresentaram melhores escores de desempenho. Por outro lado, os alunos perceberam que o bom humor e a interação social com a família e amigos são aspectos importantes; além disso, buscaram diversas atividades recreativas para superar momentos difíceis, considerando as limitações de tempo e espaço.


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Adaptation, Psychological
7.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 318-329, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392362

ABSTRACT

La salud mental se vio gravemente afectada durante la cuarentena por covid-19, y es que la población mundial no estaba preparada para vivir un confinamiento estricto, generando altos niveles de ansiedad, depresión y estrés. Aun más notables en el personal de salud que estuvo en la primera línea de atención de la pandemia. Objetivos: Determinar la influencia de la cuarentena por COVID-19 en la salud mental del personal de salud Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal durante el periodo de noviembre-febrero de 2022 en el centro Médico Britalis Montecristi- Manabí- Ecuador. La muestra quedó conformada por 49 trabajadores de salud entre médicos enfermeras, personal técnico y de servicio, seleccionada por el método no probabilístico. Se utilizó un cuestionario con las variables demográficas de edad, sexo, categoría ocupacional, para la variable manifestaciones psicológicas, en el instrumento se incluyó la Escala DASS 21 (Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés.). Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino y el grupo de edades de 36 a 45 años, en la asociación de las manifestaciones psicológicas con estas variables se observó que el estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión en su nivel de muy severo fue más común en el sexo femenino y en el grupo de edades de 25-35 años. En la categoría ocupacional prevalecieron los médicos seguido de las enfermeras. Conclusión: En relación con las manifestaciones psicológicas el estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión en el nivel muy severo predominaron en las enfermeras(AU)


Mental health was seriously affected during the covid-19 quarantine, and the world population was not prepared to live in strict confinement, generating high levels of anxiety, depression and stress. Even more notable in the health personnel who were on the front lines of the pandemic. Objectives: To determine the influence of the COVID-19 quarantine on the mental health of health personnel. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out during the period November-February 2022 at the Britalis Montecristi-Manabí Medical Center. - Equator. The sample was made up of 49 health workers, including doctors, nurses, technical and service personnel, selected by the non-probabilistic method. A questionnaire was used with the demographic variables of age, sex, occupational category, for the psychological manifestations variable, the DASS 21 Scale (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale) was included in the instrument. Results: The male sex and the age group from 36 to 45 years prevailed, in the association of psychological manifestations with these variables it was observed that stress, anxiety and depression at their very severe level were more common in the sex female and in the age group of 25-35 years. In the occupational category, doctors prevailed, followed by nurses. Conclusion: In relation to the psychological manifestations, stress, anxiety and depression at the very severe level prevailed in the nurses(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quarantine , Mental Health , Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Stress, Psychological , Depression
8.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386954

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la depresión mayor es uno de los trastornos mentales más comunes y una de las principales causas de discapacidad en el mundo, con una prevalencia que ha aumentado en las últimas décadas. El objetivo de este ensayo es presentar datos epidemiológicos, así como revisar brevemente los mecanismos psicobiológicos de la depresión relacionados con el estrés crónico. Finalmente, discutiremos algunas estrategias para prevenirla y/o tratarla. Proposición: ciertos tratamientos alternativos complementarios a la medicación y psicoterapia podrían ser mucho más eficaces para evitar y mitigar los efectos del estrés crónico y el riesgo de padecer depresión. Argumentos para la discusión: el estrés crónico puede precipitar un episodio depresivo debido a la hiperactividad de la amígdala y del eje hipotalámico-hipofisario-suprarrenal (HHS), la falla en los mecanismos de retrocontrol negativo del HHS, la depleción de monoaminas, la disminución en los niveles de neurotrofinas, el aumento en la excitotoxicidad glutamatérgica, la reducción en la neurogénesis hipocampal, la disfunción de la corteza prefrontal y una respuesta inflamatoria excesiva. Conclusiones: la acumulación crónica de estresores psicosociales sobre los que se tiene poco control, más el sedentarismo, una mala alimentación y pocos espacios de esparcimiento le confieren a nuestro estilo de vida actual un alto potencial depresogénico. Actividades que incluyan ejercicio, interacciones sociales significativas, actividades recreativas, exposición a ambientes naturales, una dieta balanceada y rutinas saludables representarían una estrategia altamente eficaz para el manejo de la depresión y el mejoramiento de la salud integral.


Abstract Introduction: Major depression is one of the most common mental illnesses and one of the principal causes of disability worldwide, with an increasing prevalence in recent decades. The aim of this essay is to present epidemiological data, as well as to briefly review the psychobiological mechanisms of depression related to the exposure to chronic stress. Finally, we will also discuss some strategies for the prevention and/or treatment of the disease. Proposal: Alternative treatments complementing medication and psychotherapy could be much more effective in preventing and mitigating the effects of chronic stress and the risk of depression than these treatments alone. Arguments for discussion: Chronic stress can precipitate a depressive episode due to hyperactivity of the amygdala and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, failure of the HPA negative feedback, monoamine depletion, decreased levels of neurotrophins, increased glutamatergic excitotoxicity, reduced hippocampal neurogenesis, prefrontal cortex dysfunction, and excessive inflammatory response. Conclusions:The chronic accumulation of uncontrollable psychosocial stressors plus a sedentary lifestyle, a poor diet, and limited time or places for recreational activities underlie the high depresogenic potential of our current lifestyles. In contrast, activities that include exercise, meaningful social interactions, recreational activities, exposure to natural environments, a balanced diet, and healthy routines would represent a highly effective strategy for managing depression and improving overall health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Depression , Exercise , Costa Rica
9.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(1): 29-30, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396556

ABSTRACT

Theliteratureassociatesoxidativestresswiththeproductionoffreeradicals,whichleadtoneurodegeneration.Theypresentinnumerablehypotheses,amongwhichareabnormalitiesinthefunctioningofthehypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalaxis,neurotoxiceffectsandneuronaloxidativedamage.ClinicalobservationhasshownthatinneurodegenerativediseasessuchasMultipleSclerosis(MS)andAmyotrophicLateralSclerosis(ALS)thereisareportofprolonged or violent emotionalstressprecedingthesymptoms.Aims:UsingtheCarilloComplexSystemsModel,presentsomepossibilitiesonhowstresscancontributetoneurodegeneration.Methodology:NinecasesofALSandsixcasesofMSwereevaluated,pathologiesalreadyclassifiedasbelongingtosyphilinism.Literaturereviewonstressandneurotoxicitycarriedout.Resultsanddiscussion:Syphilinism is instability with a predominantly intrinsicorigin to the system with a chronic caracter.This diathesis is characterized by a dissipative deficiency, predominantly hepatic, to the processing of certain elements or potentially toxic substances with exogenous origin or endogenous Such non-processed substances are unstable factors in the system, with greater affinity for certain tissues,like the nervous system. Among the toxins, we find alcohol, esters, formaldehyde, aloe, ketones, aldehydes, etc. The final hepatic metabolism of cortisol results in cortic acids and cortol, which use the same enzymatic system as alcohol, and can be considered syphilinic toxins. Ethanol can act directly at the circadian rhythm, disrupting it and generating stressful substances such as cortisol, regardless of an external event, increasing the toxin level. The inflammatory process generated by the production of free radicals and metabolic abnormalities, including the reduction of neuropeptide Y that modulates inflammatory activity in the nervous system, leads to changes that can result in neurodegeneration. Conclusion: Inflammation caused by toxins from prolonged/violent emotional stress can lead to several changes in syphilinic individuals, due to failure in the dissipative process, including neurodegeneration.


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological/complications , Syphilinism in Homeopathy , Neurodegenerative Diseases/prevention & control , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/therapy
10.
Atlanta; JOURNAL OF NUTRITION; 20220400. 9 p. tab, graf.. (PCI-270).
Non-conventional in English | LILACS, REPincaP | ID: biblio-1397268

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of mental health concerns is growing worldwide, along with lack of access to and receipt of needed treatment. Current gaps in treatment provision have led to exploring alternative methods of prevention, with research linking nutrition and mental health, of particular relevance in low- and middle-income countries, with a high prevalence of undernutrition. To examine whether exposure to a protein-energy nutritional supplement during the first 1000 d of life decreased odds of mental distress in adulthood among men and women in Guatemala compared with receiving a low energy-no protein supplement or supplementation outside the 1000-d window. Data from participants (n = 1249) in a longitudinal cohort protein-energy supplementation trial (early-life, supplementation data from 1969 to 1977, ages 0­7 y; life course, outcome data from 2017­2018 follow-up, ages 40­57 y) were analyzed for associations between nutrition in the first 1000 d and mental distress in adulthood (WHO Self- Reporting Questionnaire 20 [SRQ-20]), controlling for early-life variables and current life stress; life course variables (e.g. education) were examined as potential mediators of this relation. Generalized linear mixed models and zero-inflated Poisson generalized linear mixed models were utilized. Both partial and full supplementation with Atole during the first 1000 d were associated with 63% (95% CI: 0.16, 0.87) and 56% (95% CI: 0.19, 1.03) lower odds, respectively, of experiencing mental distress in adulthood. Did not differ by sex. These inverse relations remained relatively unchanged (partial OR = 0.34 [95% CI: 0.14, 0.83]; full OR = 0.38 [95% CI: 0.16, 0.92]) after controlling for early-life and life course variables, including life stress. Protein-energy supplementation during the first 1000 d of life in Guatemala, where undernutrition is prevalent, may reduce the prevalence of later mental distress in adulthood. This effect appears to occur directly, rather than indirectly, through pathways of life course variables such as education, wealth, and marital status. Keywords: early childhood nutrition, protein-energy


Subject(s)
Malnutrition , Stress, Psychological , Dietary Supplements , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
11.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): 2927, 20220304. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1380390

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Perdas gestacionais são eventos comuns na vida reprodutiva. Tendo em vista a dificuldade individual e profissional de lidar com o sofrimento mental que ocasionam, indaga-se sobre a escolha da técnica, a periodicidade e o modo de execução das abordagens que melhor se adequariam ao enfrentamento dessa situação. Sendo assim, esta revisão clínica tem como objetivo avaliar a literatura recente acerca do tema e buscar as melhores evidências científicas em relação à abordagem psicossocial a essas perdas. Métodos: Foram utilizadas palavras-chave determinadas pelo Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) para selecionar títulos de estudos nas bases de dados: PubMed, ACCESSSS, British Medical Journal (BMJ), DYNAMED, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS). Os critérios de inclusão foram: ano de publicação entre 2010 e 2020; tipo de estudo (metanálise, revisão sistemática, ensaio clínico randomizado, ensaio clínico não randomizado, coorte ou caso controle); não abordar abortamento induzido; estar em inglês, português ou espanhol; ser passível de ser encontrado na íntegra. Resultados: Foram encontrados 28 artigos, que tiveram seus resumos avaliados; 14 foram excluídos e 14 lidos na íntegra. No fim, nove estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Foi possível observar que sintomas psicológicos são frequentemente apresentados após perdas gestacionais, que há diversas maneiras de acessar esses dados e que não há consenso sobre qual a melhor intervenção a ser feita. Além disso, em homens e casais homossexuais, há maior chance de invisibilidade do sofrimento e menor abordagem de luto por profissionais de saúde. Conclusão: Na falta de consenso sobre quais intervenções apresentam melhores resultados, recomenda-se o rastreamento de sofrimento mental e o compartilhamento da decisão com as partes envolvidas.


Introduction: Pregnancy losses are common events in reproductive life. In view of the individual and professional difficulty of dealing with the mental suffering that they cause, we question the choice of technique, the regularity and the way of carrying out approaches that would be better suited to cope with this situation. Therefore, this clinical review aimed to assess the recent literature and seek the best scientific evidence about the psychosocial approach to these losses. Methods: Keywords determined by MeSH were used to select study titles in the databases PUBMED, ACCESSSS, BMJ, DYNAMED, EBM and LILACS. The inclusion criteria were: year of publication between 2010-2020; study type (meta-analysis, systematic review, randomized clinical trial, non-randomized clinical trial and cohort or control case); induced abortion not addressed; written in English, Portuguese or Spanish; and found in full text. Results: Twenty-eight articles were found and their abstracts were evaluated, where 14 were excluded and 14 were read in full. In the end, 9 studies were included in this review. It was observed that psychological symptoms are frequently presented after pregnancy losses, that there are several ways to access these data and that there is no consensus on the best intervention. In addition, in men and homosexual couples, there is a greater chance of making suffering invisible and a lesser mourning approach by health professionals. Conclusion: In the absence of consensus on which interventions have the best results, it is recommended to screen for mental suffering and share the decision with the parties involved.


Introducción: Las pérdidas de embarazos son eventos comunes en la vida reproductiva. Ante la dificultad individual y profesional de afrontar el sufrimiento mental provocado, nos cuestionamos la técnica, la periodicidad y la forma de los mejores abordajes a afrontar esta situación. Por lo tanto, esta revisión clínica tiene como objetivo evaluar la literatura reciente y buscar la mejor evidencia científica sobre el abordaje psicosocial de estas pérdidas. Métodos: Se utilizaron palabras clave determinadas por MeSH para seleccionar los títulos de los estudios en las bases de datos: PUBMED, ACCESSSS, BMJ, DYNAMED, EBM, LILACS. Criterios de inclusión fueron: año de publicación entre 2010-2020; tipo de estudio (metaanálisis, revisión sistemática, ensayo clínico aleatorizado, ensayo clínico no aleatorizado, cohorte o caso de control); no abordar el aborto inducido; estar en inglés, portugués o español; posible encontrar en su totalidad. Resultados: Se encontraron 28 artículos, se evaluaron sus resúmenes, se excluyeron 14 y se leyeron 14 completamente. Al final, se incluyeron 9 estudios. Se pudo observar que los síntomas psicológicos se presentan con frecuencia después de las pérdidas del embarazo, que existen varias formas de acceder a estos datos y que no existe consenso sobre la mejor intervención. Además, en los hombres y las parejas homosexuales existe una mayor posibilidad de invisibilizar el sufrimiento y un menor enfoque de duelo por parte de los profesionales. Conclusión: En ausencia de consenso sobre qué intervenciones tienen los mejores resultados, se recomienda realizar un seguimiento del sufrimiento mental y compartir la decisión con las partes involucradas.


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Abortion , Stillbirth , Primary Health Care , Bereavement
12.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(1): 5-15, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365063

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o consumo de álcool entre os professores da rede pública estadual do ensino básico antes e durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e os fatores associados aos que aumentaram o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas durante a pandemia. MÉTODOS: Inquérito epidemiológico do tipo websurvey, realizado com professores da educação básica das escolas da rede pública estadual de Minas Gerais. A coleta ocorreu de agosto a setembro/2020 via formulário digital e contou com o apoio da Secretaria de Estado de Educação. A variável dependente adotada foi o aumento no consumo de bebidas alcoólicas pelos professores durante a pandemia. Foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson, adotando nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 15.641 professores de 795 municípios mineiros. Em relação ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, antes da pandemia, 46,9% dos professores consumiam pelo menos uma vez por semana e durante a pandemia 7,1% relataram que estavam bebendo mais do que costumavam. Observou-se maior consumo de bebida alcoólica durante a pandemia entre os homens, com menor faixa etária, com maior renda familiar, os que tiveram muita dificuldade em realizar as atividades escolares, os insatisfeitos com o trabalho, os que começaram a ter problemas de sono e naqueles com algum familiar/amigo que desenvolveu sintomas graves da COVID-19. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciaram que a maioria dos participantes manteve o seu consumo ou o diminuiu durante a pandemia, com 7,1% aumentando o uso de álcool. Esse aumento foi associado a fatores sociodemográficos e econômicos, condições de trabalho durante a pandemia, comportamentos/hábitos de vida e condições de saúde.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate alcohol consumption among state public elementary school teachers before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with who increased their alcohol consumption during the pandemic. METHODS: Websurvey-type epidemiological survey, carried out with primary education teachers from public schools in Minas Gerais. A probabilistic sample with proportionality for state teachers was estimated. The collection took place from August to September 2020 via digital form and had the support of the State Department of Education. The dependent variable adopted was the increase in the consumption of alcoholic beverages by teachers during the pandemic. Poisson Regression was used, adopting a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: 15,641 teachers from 795 Minas Gerais municipalities participated in the study. Regarding the consumption of alcoholic beverages, before the pandemic 46.9% of teachers consumed at least once a week and during the pandemic 7.1% reported that they were drinking more than they used to. Higher consumption of alcoholic beverages was observed during the pandemic among men, with a lower age group, higher family income, those who had great difficulty to carry out school activities, those dissatisfied with work, those who started having sleep problems and in those where a family member or friend developed symptoms serious problems of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that most participants maintained their consumption or decreased it during the pandemic. This increase was associated with sociodemographic and economic factors, working conditions during the pandemic, behaviors/life habits and health conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Pandemics , School Teachers/psychology , COVID-19 , Stress, Psychological , Working Conditions , Prevalence , Health Surveys , School Teachers/statistics & numerical data , Physical Distancing
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 87-93, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is the most important event in women's lives and can lead to psychological lability. Several risk factors (such as disasters, events and pandemics) have been correlated with greater prevalence of mental disorders during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To research how pregnant women have been affected by the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic process, in order to contribute to the limited literature. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey study conducted at the Training and Research Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ordu, Ordu, Turkey, from February 1 to March 1, 2021. METHODS: In total, 356 pregnant women were enrolled and completed the survey. Intention of going to hospital and the Beck anxiety, Beck depression, Beck hopelessness and Epworth sleepiness scales were applied to detect mental disorders. RESULTS: Among the participants, the anxiety, depression, hopelessness and sleepiness scores were 29.2%, 36.2%, 58.1% and 11.8%, respectively. The pregnant women stated that they avoided going to hospital in unnecessary situations by obeying the 'stay at home' calls, but also stated that they were afraid of the potential harmful effects of inadequate physician control. However, most of them stated that they would go to the hospital in emergencies. CONCLUSIONS: This paper illustrated the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of pregnant women and emphasized their high rates of anxiety, depression, hopelessness and sleepiness. Since presence of mental disorders is indirectly related to poor pregnancy outcomes, preventive strategies should be developed, especially during this pandemic process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Pregnancy Outcome , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pregnant Women , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(284): 7075-7091, jan-2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371102

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar evidências científicas na literatura sobre o uso de terapias complementares no enfrentamento do estresse no período puerperal. Método : A coleta de dados foi realizada de janeiro a março de 2021.Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizou-se estratégia PICO para elaboração da pergunta de pesquisa: Quais são as evidências científicas encontradas na literatura sobre o uso de terapias complementares como benefício para enfretamento de estresse no período puerperal? Utilizou-se as bases de dados: SciELO; LILACS; MEDLINE; CINAHL e EMBASE. Os descritores utilizados segundo DESC/ MESH foram: Período Pós-Parto, Terapias Complementares, Estresse Emocional e Estresse Psicológico. Resultados: Encontrados 49 artigos, dos quais 6 selecionados, dentre as práticas utilizadas 6 terapias complementares distintas foram identificadas: biofeedback ou bioenergética; acupressão; reflexologia; musicoterapia e yoga. Conclusão: Os resultados dos estudos confirmaram a existência de evidências de que terapias complementares são benéficas para o enfrentamento do estresse no período puerperal.(AU)


To identify scientific evidence in the literature on the use of complementary therapies in coping with stress in the puerperal period. Method: Data collection was carried out from January to March 2021. This is an integrative literature review, using the PICO strategy to prepare the research question: What is the scientific evidence found in the literature on the use of therapies supplements as a benefit for coping with stress in the puerperal period? The following databases were used: SciELO; LILACS; MEDLINE; CINAHL and EMBASE. The descriptors used according to DESC/MESH were: Postpartum Period, Complementary Therapies, Emotional Stress and Psychological Stress. Results: 49 articles were found, 6 of which were selected, among the practices used, 6 distinct complementary therapies were identified: biofeedback or bioenergetics; acupressure; reflexology; music therapy and yoga. Conclusion: The results of the studies(AU)


Objetivo: Identificar evidencia científica en la literatura sobre el uso de terapias complementarias en el afrontamiento del estrés en el puerperio. Método: La recolección de datos se realizó de enero a marzo de 2021. Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura, utilizando la estrategia PICO para preparar la pregunta de investigación: ¿Cuál es la evidencia científica encontrada en la literatura sobre el uso de terapias complementarias como beneficio para el afrontamiento? con estrés en el puerperio? Se utilizaron las siguientes bases de datos: SciELO; LILACS; MEDLINE; CINAHL y EMBASE. Los descriptores utilizados según DESC / MESH fueron: Posparto, Terapias complementarias, Estrés emocional y Estrés psicológico. Resultados: se encontraron 49 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 6, entre las prácticas utilizadas, se identificaron 6 terapias complementarias distintas: biofeedback o bioenergética; acupresión reflexología; musicoterapia y yoga. Conclusión: Los resultados de los estudios confirmaron la existencia de evidencia de que las terapias complementarias son beneficiosas para afrontar el estrés en el puerperio.(AU)


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Complementary Therapies , Postpartum Period , Psychological Distress
15.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 11(1)jan. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377559

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Variáveis como depressão, ansiedade, estresse e qualidade de vida oferecem indicativos de saúde e doença de jovens, estudantes em fase de formação profissional, uma vez que representam quatro das dez principais causas de incapacidade no mundo. OBJETIVO GERAL: Avaliar e correlacionar a presença de sinais e sintomas de depressão, ansiedade, estresse e qualidade de vida de universitários de duas instituições, sendo uma pública e outra privada; OBJETIVOS: a) Caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico; b) Avaliar sintomas de depressão, sinais de ansiedade e estresse e qualidade de vida geral; c) correlacionar as variáveis qualidade de vida, sinais e sintomas de ansiedade, depressão e estresse. MÉTODO: Pesquisa de cunho quantitativo. Para coleta de dados foram utilizados os seguintes instrumentos: questionário de dados socioeconômicos e culturais; WHOQOL Breve e EADS ­ Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse. Os dados foram avaliados estatisticamente com auxílio do Programa SPSS­ versão 2.0 para Windows. RESULTADOS: Participaram da pesquisa 570 Universitários, 344 estudantes da Instituição Privada e 226 da Instituição Pública, dos gêneros feminino e masculino, entre 16 e 55 anos. Os resultados revelaram que não houve diferença significativa na qualidade de vida nos domínios Psicológico e Social de ambas as Instituições. Os domínios mais afetados, ou seja, aquele, em que os universitários encontram mais prejuízo é no que se referem ao domínio Físico e Meio Ambiente de ambas as Instituições. CONCLUSÃO: Assim sendo, observa-se que os estudantes obtiveram um grau leve de estresse, depressão e ansiedade em ambas as instituições. Ao correlacionar os domínios de qualidade de vida e as variáveis: ansiedade, depressão e estresse, observou-se que quanto maior a depressão, menor a qualidade de vida nos domínios psicológico e ambiental. A partir dos resultados, sugerem-se estudos mais aprofundados.


INTRODUCTION: Variables such as depression, anxiety, stress, and quality of life offer indicators of health and illness in young students undergoing professional training, as they represent four of the ten main causes of disability in the world. General. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the correlation of the presence of signs and symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, and quality of life of university students from two institutions, one public, and one private. OBJECTIVES: a) Characterize the socio-demographic profile; b) Assess symptoms of depression, signs of anxiety and stress, assess general quality of life; c) correlate the variables quality of life, signs, and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress. METHOD: Quantitative research. The following instruments were used for data collection: socioeconomic and cultural data questionnaire; Brief WHOQOL and EADS ­ Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale Data were statistically evaluated using the SPSS Program ­ version 2.0 for Windows. RESULTS: 570 university students, 344 students from private and 226 from the public, male and female, aged between 16 and 55, participated in the research. The results revealed no significant difference in the quality of life in both institutions' Psychological and Social domains. The most affected domains, that is, the ones in which university students find the most damage, are related to both institutions' physical and Environmental domains. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is observed that students obtained a mild degree of stress, depression, and anxiety in both institutions. When correlating the domains of quality of life and the variables: anxiety, depression, and stress, it was observed that the greater the depression, the lower the quality of life in the psychological and environmental domains. From the results, further studies are suggested


NTRODUCCIÓN: Variables como depresión, ansiedad, estrés y calidad de vida ofrecen indicadores de salud y enfermedad en jóvenes estudiantes en formación profesional, ya que representan cuatro de las diez principales causas de discapacidad en el mundo. OBJETIVO GENERAL: Evaluar y correlacionar la presencia de signos y síntomas de depresión, ansiedad, estrés y calidad de vida en estudiantes universitarios de dos instituciones, una pública y otra privada; OBJETIVOS: a) Caracterizar el perfil sociodemográfico; b) Evaluar síntomas de depresión, signos de ansiedad y estrés y calidad de vida en general; c) correlacionar las variables calidad de vida, signos y síntomas de ansiedad, depresión y estrés. MÉTODO: Investigación cuantitativa. Para la recolección de datos se utilizaron los siguientes instrumentos: cuestionario de datos socioeconómicos y culturales; Los datos breves de WHOQOL y EADS - Depresión, Ansiedad and Escala de Estrés se evaluaron estadísticamente utilizando el programa SPSS - versión 2.0 para Windows. RESULTADOS: La encuesta incluyó a 570 estudiantes universitarios, 344 estudiantes de la Institución Privada y 226 de la Institución Pública, hombres y mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre los 16 y 55 años. Los resultados revelaron que no hubo diferencia significativa en la calidad de vida en los dominios Psicológico y Social de ambas instituciones. Los dominios más afectados, es decir, aquél en el que los estudiantes universitarios encuentran más daño está relacionado con el dominio Físico y Ambiental de ambas Instituciones. CONCLUSIÓN: Por lo tanto, se observa que los estudiantes obtuvieron un grado leve de estrés, depresión y ansiedad en ambas instituciones. Al correlacionar los dominios de calidad de vida y las variables: ansiedad, depresión y estrés, se observó que, a mayor depresión, menor calidad de vida en los dominios psicológico y ambiental. A partir de los resultados, se sugieren más estudios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Students/psychology , Depression/psychology , Universities , Public Sector , Private Sector , Sociodemographic Factors
16.
Rev. ABENO ; 22(2): 1563, jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391323

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to measure the levels of depression, anxiety and stress among dental students during the COVID-19 pandemic and distance learning.This cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at a Brazilian school of Dentistry, between July and August, 2020. The participants were surveyed using the adapted and validated version of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) questionnaire. The Fisher's exact test and bivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze the data, using SPSS software. A total of 120 dental students (response rate of 87.60%) participated in the study; 75.8% of them were female and the mean age was 23.35 years old (± 6.07). Most students were single (85%), studied full time (68.3%) and had no employment (70.8%). Some level of depression, anxiety and stress was observed in 64.2%, 67.5% and 61.7% of the students, respectively. The severity of the depression, the anxiety and the stress was significantly associated (p < 0.05) with the student's gender, fear of contracting COVID-19 and with thecondition of having a family member who has already had COVID-19. Female students, students who were fear of contracting COVID-19 and who had a familiar or a friend diagnosed with COVID-19 presented more chances of developing a high level of depression, anxiety or stress.We concluded thatdental students had high levels of depression, anxiety and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic and distance learning. This study suggests that the mental health of dental students should be carefully monitored during theCOVID-19 pandemic (AU).


Este estudo teve como objetivo mensurar os níveis de depressão, ansiedade e estresse entre estudantes de Odontologia durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e o ensino à distância. Esta pesquisa transversal, realizada por meio de um questionário on-line, foi realizada em uma Faculdade de Odontologia do Brasil, entre julho e agosto de 2020. Os participantes foram avaliados por meio da versão adaptada e validada do questionário Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse (DASS-21). Para análise dos dados foram realizados o Teste Exato de Fisher e a Análise de Regressão Logística Bivariada, por meio do software SPSS. Participaram do estudo 120 estudantes de odontologia (taxa de resposta de 87.60%). Destes, 75.8% deles eram do sexo feminino e a média de idade foi de 23,35 anos (± 6,07). A maioria dos alunos era solteira (85,0%), estudava em tempo integral (68,3%) e não tinha vínculo empregatício (70,8%). Algum nível de depressão, ansiedade e estresse foi observado em 64,2%, 67,5% e 61,7% dos alunos, respectivamente. As gravidades da depressão, da ansiedade e do estresse estiveram significativamente associadas (p <0.05) ao sexo do aluno, ao medo de contrair a COVID-19 e à condição de ter um membro da família que já teve a COVID-19. Estudantes do sexo feminino, estudantes com medo de contrair a COVID-19 e que tiveram um familiar ou amigo com diagnóstico de COVID-19 apresentaram maiores chances de desenvolver um alto nível de depressão, ansiedade ou estresse. Concluímos que os estudantes de odontologia apresentaram altos níveis de depressão, ansiedade e estresse durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e o ensino à distância. Este estudo sugere que a saúde mental dos estudantes de odontologia deve ser monitorada cuidadosamente durante a pandemia da COVID-19 (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Students, Dental/psychology , Mental Health , Education, Distance/methods , COVID-19/transmission , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#During pregnancy, pregnant women are prone to stress reactions due to external stimuli, affecting their own health and fetal development. At present, there is no good treatment for the stress reactions from pregnant women during pregnancy. This study aims to explore the effect of probiotics on abnormal behavior and hippocampal injury in pregnant stressed offspring.@*METHODS@#SD pregnant rats were divided into a control group, a stress group, and a probiotics group, with 6 rats in each group. The control group was untreated; the stress group was given restraint stress on the 15th-20th day of pregnancy; the probiotics group was given both bifidobacterium trisporus capsules and restraint stress on the 15th-20th day of pregnancy, and the offspring continued to be fed with probiotics until 60 days after birth (P60). The offspring rats completed behavioral tests such as the open field test, the elevated plus maze test, the new object recognition test, and the barnes maze test at 60-70 d postnatally. Nissl's staining was used to reflect the injury of hippocampal neurons; immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of microglia marker ionized calcium binding adapter molecule 1 (IBA-1) which can reflect microglia activation; ELISA was used to detect the content of plasma TNF-α and IL-1β; Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3.@*RESULTS@#The retention time of offspring rats in the stress group in the central area of the open field was significantly less than that in the control group (P<0.01), and the retention time of offspring rats in the probiotic group in the central area of the open field was significantly more than that in the stress group (P<0.05). The offspring rats in the stress group stayed in the open arm for a shorter time than the control group (P<0.05) and entered the open arm less often than the control group (P<0.01); the offspring rats in the probiotic group stayed in the open arm for a longer time than the stress group and entered the open arm more often than the stress group (both P<0.05). The discrimination ratio for new to old objects in the offspring rats of the stress group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.01), and the discrimination ratio for new to old objects in the offspring rats of the probiotic group was significantly higher than that of the stress group (P<0.05). The offspring rats in the stress group made significantly more mistakes than the control group (P<0.05), and the offspring rats in the probiotic group made significantly fewer mistakes than the stress group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the numbers of Nissl bodies in CA1, CA3, and DG area were significantly reduced in the offspring rats of the stress group (all P<0.001), the number of activated microglia in DG area of hippocampus was significantly increased (P<0.01), the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in peripheral blood were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly down-regulated, and the protein expression levels of Bax and caspase-3 were significantly up-regulated (all P<0.001). Compared with the stress group, the numbers of Nissl bodies in CA1, CA3, and DG area were significantly increased in the probiotic group offspring rats (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05), the number of activated microglia in the DG area of hippocampus was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the TNF-α and IL-1β levels in peripheral blood were significantly decreased (both P<0.05), the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated, and the protein expression levels of Bax and caspase-3 were significantly down-regulated (all P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Probiotic intervention partially ameliorated anxiety and cognitive impairment in rats offspring of pregnancy stress, and the mechanism may be related to increasing the number of neurons, inhibiting the activation of hippocampal microglia, and reducing inflammation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 3/metabolism , Female , Hippocampus/physiopathology , Humans , Pregnancy , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Rats , Stress, Psychological/therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pharmacodynamic material basis, mechanism of actions and targeted diseases of Salicornia europaea L. (SE) based on the network pharmacology method, and to verify the antidepressant-like effect of the SE extract by pharmacological experiments.@*METHODS@#Retrieval tools including Chinese medicine (CM), PubMed, PharmMapper, MAS 3.0 and Cytoscape were used to search the components of SE, predict its targets and related therapeutic diseases, and construct the "Component-Target-Pathway" network of SE for central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Further, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) function annotation of depression-related targets were analyzed to predict the antidepressant mechanism of SE. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model was used to construct a mouse model with depression-like symptoms. And the animals were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=10) including the normal group (nonstressed mice administered with distilled water), the CUMS group (CUMS mice administered with distilled water), the venlafaxine group (CUMS mice administered with venlafaxine 9.38 mg/kg), SE high-, medium-, and low-dose groups (CUMS mice administered with SE 1.8, 1.35 and 0.9 g/kg, respectively). Then some relevant indicators were determined for experimental verification by the forced swim test (FST), the tail suspension test (TST) and open-field test (OFT). Dopamine (DA) concentration in hippocampus and cerebral cortex, IL-2 and corticosterone (CORT) levels in blood, and nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), kelch-like epichlorohydrin related protein 1 (Keap1), NAD(P) H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) levels in mice were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot respectively to explore the possible mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#The "target-disease" network diagram predicted by network pharmacology, showed that the potential target of SE involves a variety of CNS diseases, among which depression accounts for the majority. The experimental results showed that SE (1.8, 1.35 g/kg) significantly decreased the immobility period, compared with the CUMS group in FST and TST in mice after 3-week treatment, while SE exhibited no significant effect on exploratory behavior in OFT in mice. Compared with CUMS group, the SE group (0.9 g/kg) showed significant differences (P<0.05) in DA levels in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. In addition, compared with CUMS control group, SE (1.8 g/kg) group showed a significant effect on decreasing the activities of CORT (P<0.05), and serum IL-2 level with no statistical significance. Finally, Western blot results showed that compared with the model group, Nrf2, Keap1, NQO1 and HO-1 protein expressions in SE group (1.8 g/kg) were up-regulated (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The SE extract may have an antidepressant effect, which appeared to regulate Nrf2-ARE pathway and increased levels of DA and CORT in the hippocampus and cortex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Behavior, Animal , Chenopodiaceae/metabolism , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Stress, Psychological/drug therapy
19.
São Paulo; FOUSP;EEUSP; 2022. 21 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, PIE | ID: biblio-1379474

ABSTRACT

Diálogo Deliberativo (DD) ou diálogo de políticas é um recurso utilizado para propiciar o compartilhamento de saberes e experiências entre pesquisadores, formuladores de política e de- mais interessados sobre uma temática a ser discutida. É uma reunião que tem como objetivo revisar o conteúdo de uma síntese de evidências, articular as evidências científicas com as experiências dos participantes para melhor esclarecimento sobre as opções para abordar o problema, esclarecer as áreas de incerteza e desenvolver um entendimento comum sobre os prós e contras das estratégias de implementação relevantes para apoiar a tomada de decisão de gestores. Este DD foi organizado pelo Departamento de Enfermagem em Saúde Coletiva, da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo e realizado em 8 de outubro de 2021, por meio de ambiente virtual. O foco do DD foi a "Síntese rápida para o enfrentamento do sofrimento psíquico de universitários: é tempo de uma política".


Deliberative Dialogue (DD) or policy dialogue is a resource used to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and experiences between researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders on a topic to be discussed. It is a meeting that aims to review the content of a synthesis of evidence, articulate the scientific evidence with the experiences of the participants to better clarify the options to address the problem, clarify the areas of uncertainty and develop a common understanding about the pros and cons of relevant implementation strategies to support managers' decision making. This DD was organized by the Department of Nursing in Collective Health, of the School of Nursing at the University of São Paulo and carried out on October 8, 2021, through a virtual environment. The focus of the DD was the "Síntese rápida para o enfrentamento do sofrimento psíquico de universi- tários: é tempo de uma política".


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Students, Medical , Students, Nursing , Students , Suicide , Mental Health , Psychological Distress , Mental Health Services
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935789

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influential factors of job stress suffered by workers in railway stations, the level of job stress of were measured and subjective comfort of employees targeting to working environment were reported. Methods: In March 2019, a cluster sampling study was designed to collect the personal characteristics, job characteristics and subjective comfort degree of working environment of 432 employees in Chongqing railway stations. Meanwhile, job stress was assessed using the effort-reward imbalance scale. Chi-square test was used to compare the difference of occupational stress detection rate among different stratified factors such as occupational characteristics. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the influential factors of occupational stress. Results: The detection rate of job stress of workers in the railway stations was 31.02% (134/432) . The detection rate of job stress was higher among the divorced workers in railway stations, those earning less than 5, 000 yuan per month, those with 10-20 years' length of service, those who worked as a conductor and other workers including baggageman, station master on duty and assistant engineer (χ(2)=9.61, 14.76, 23.28, 11.06, P=0.008, 0.002, 0.000, 0.011) . The detection rate of job stress was higher among those whose working environment subjective feelings were uncomfortable, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001) . The results showed that the occupational stress of the staff in the railway stations was influenced by their subjective feeling of air quality, noise and Space Layout (P<0.05) . The risk factors of occupational stress were air quality, noise and uncomfortable space layout (OR=0.571, 0.068, 0.441, P=0.051, 0.054, 0.007) . Conductor, other (Bellboy, Duty Station Master, assistant engineer) were the risk factors of occupational stress (OR=1.884, 2.703, P=0.065, 0.019) . The employees of station A and station B were the risk factors of occupational stress (OR=4.681, 1.811, P=0.002, 0.067) . Conclusion: The higher detection rate of job stress of workers in the railway stations is correlated with the subjective comfort degree of the working environment of the workers.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL