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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e210154, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550591

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate questions concerning oral medicineand pharmacology-related specialties of asynchronous dental teleconsulting sessions of the Telehealth Brazil Networks Program. Material and Methods: Data were collected from secondary databases of asynchronous dental teleconsulting sessions of the telehealth centers of Minas Gerais from July 2015 to July 2017. The variables for dental underlying fields and the types of questions were evaluated. Descriptive analysis was performed with the SPSS v.22.0 program. Results: 3,920 teleconsulting sessions were referred to the telehealth centers of Minas Gerais during the study period. Regarding oral medicine-related questions (n=745), most (n=469; 62.95%) addressed diagnosis, whereas the underlying field questions mostly regarded fungal, viral, and bacterial infections (17.3%), biopsies (16.4%), developmental defects and dental abnormalities (9.9%), and soft tissue tumors (9.4%). Pharmacology-related questions (n=738) mostly addressed general approaches (n=672; 91.06%), and the most common questions were about underlying fields' prescriptions (44.7%), anesthetics (17.6%), adverse effects of medications and anesthetics (10.2%), and selection of anesthetics for patients with systemic conditions (9.8%). Conclusion: Most teleconsulting sessions regarded conditions or procedures common in primary health care and essential for diagnosis and treatment planning at all care levels, which suggests a need for more academic learning processes for healthcare professionals, especially in dentistry primary fields.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Oral Medicine , Education, Distance , Pharmacology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Remote Consultation
2.
Femina ; 51(10): 614-626, 20231030. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532465

ABSTRACT

Até este momento da pandemia de COVID-19, embora as gestantes não tenham maior risco de se infectar do que a população geral, elas têm maiores riscos de desenvolver formas graves e demandar cuidados de UTI e ventilação invasiva, so- bretudo aquelas que apresentam comorbidades. No Brasil, a mortalidade materna por COVID-19 está entre as mais elevadas do mundo. A transmissão vertical do SARS-CoV-2 parece ser um evento raro, e até o momento não se observou aumento da ocorrência de abortos e malformações. Entretanto, a COVID-19 está associada a elevadas taxas de prematuridade, baixo peso ao nascer e admissão em UTI neona- tal. Em adaptação a esse novo cenário, são indicados cuidados especiais durante o ciclo gravídico-puerperal, sendo útil destacar: o espaço crescente da telemedicina no pré-natal; a não obrigatoriedade da realização de cesariana em caso de gestan- te infectada no momento do parto e a liberação da amamentação pelas puérperas com COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy Complications , Puerperal Disorders/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial/instrumentation , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Parturition , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Dyspnea/complications , COVID-19 Drug Treatment/methods
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e56268, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436311

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Diferentes condições clínicas podem afetar a quantidade e a qualidade do sono. As medidas de higiene do sono interferem diretamente na qualidade deste. Elas podem ser propagadas à população por meio de aplicativos. Objetivo: Desenvolver, avaliar e disponibilizar um aplicativo que contemple as medidas de higiene do sono e que seja capaz de gerar mudança e verificar a ocorrência de sonolência diurna excessiva. Metodologia: O aplicativo "Somnum" foi desenvolvido e 26 fonoaudiólogos certificados em Sono pela Associação Brasileira do Sono foram convidados a avaliar usando o questionário Emory e outro questionário elaborado pelas autoras. Após, 38 estudantes usaram o aplicativo e responderam antes e depois do uso o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh e a Escala de Epworth. Resultados: Após seu desenvolvimento, o aplicativo foi avaliado por 4 fonoaudiólogas que contribuíram com suas sugestões e 38 universitários participaram respondendo os questionários, sendo que 6 deles participaram antes e após o uso do aplicativo. Sobre o Índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh, foi observado na análise estatística, comparando o antes e após o uso do aplicativo, melhora da qualidade de sono (p=0,04). No que se refere ao questionário Epworth, foi verificado na situação após o uso do aplicativo "Somnum", que não houve diferença significativa. Conclusão: Após o uso do aplicativo, verificou-se possível melhora na qualidade de sono. Houve ocorrência de sonolência diurna excessiva. (AU)


Introduction: Different clinical conditions can affect the quantity and quality of sleep. Sleep hygiene measures directly affect the quality of sleep. They can be disseminated to the population by means of applications. Objective: To develop, evaluate and make available an application that approach sleep hygiene and that is able to generate changes and verify the occurrence of excessive daytime sleepiness. Methodology: The application "Somnum" was developed and 26 speech therapists certified in sleep by the Brazilian Sleep Association were invited to evaluate it using the Emory questionnaire and another questionnaire developed by the authors. Afterwards, 38 students used the application and answered before and after the use the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Scale. Results: After its development, the app was evaluated by 4 speech therapists who contributed with their suggestions, and 38 university students participated by answering the questionnaires, 6 of them before and after the use of the application. In the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, it was observed in the statistical analysis, comparing before and after using the application, improvement in sleep quality (p=0.04). In the Epworth questionnaire, it was verified in the situation after using the "Somnum" application, that there was not significant difference. Conclusion: After using the application, there was a possible improvement in sleep quality. There was occurrence of excessive daytime sleepiness. (AU)


Introducción: Diferentes condiciones clínicas pueden afectar a la cantidad y calidad del sueño. Las medidas de higiene del sueño afectan directamente a la calidad del mismo. Pueden propagarse a la población mediante aplicaciones. Objetivo: Desarrollar, evaluar y poner a disposición una aplicación que incluya medidas de higiene del sueño y que sea capaz de generar cambios y verificar la aparición de somnolencia diurna excesiva. Metodología: Se desarrolló la aplicación "Somnum" y se invitó a 26 fonoaudiólogos certificados en soeño por la Asociación Brasileña del Sonido a evaluarla utilizando el cuestionario Emory y otro cuestionario elaborado por los autores. Posteriormente, 38 estudiantes utilizaron la aplicación y respondieron antes y después del uso de la misma al Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y a la Escala de Epworth. Resultados: Tras su desarrollo, la aplicación fue evaluada por 4 fonoaudiólogos que aportaron sus sugerencias y 38 estudiantes universitarios participaron respondiendo a los cuestionarios, 6 de ellos antes y después del uso de la aplicación. Sobre el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, se observó en el análisis estadístico, comparando antes y después del uso de la aplicación, mejoría en la calidad del sueño (p=0,04). Con respecto al cuestionario de Epworth, se verificó en la situación posterior al uso de la aplicación "Somnum", que no hubo diferencia significativa. Conclusión:Después de usar la aplicación, hubo uma posible mejora em la calidad del sueño. Hubo ocurrencia de somnolencia diurna excesiva. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Smartphone , Sleep Hygiene , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Students, Health Occupations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(2): 90-96, jun. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254575

ABSTRACT

El 11 de marzo de 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró el COVID-19 como pandemia, afectando drásticamente la atención de la salud. A nivel global se adoptaron medidas como el distanciamiento social y la cuarentena. Ello representó un enorme desafío para los Sistemas de Información en Salud (SIS), que rápidamente debieron adaptarse, frente a una razón ineludible para abrazar por completo la transformación digital. Surge la necesidad de explorar las tecnologías digitales utilizadas durante la pandemia y considerarlas para su uso continuado en el tiempo o cíclicamente en caso de brotes recurrentes. Las herramientas informáticas se han utilizado para la prestación de servicios de telemedicina, monitorización remota de pacientes, comunicación digital entre líderes políticos y autoridades científicas, monitorización de datos para analizar la propagación y evolución del COVID-19, etc. Los países y organizaciones han impulsado el uso de soluciones tecnológicas con distintas limitaciones. El Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires posee una trayectoria de más de 20 años en implementaciones e innovaciones tecnológicas; sin embargo, la pandemia impulsó una serie de adaptaciones en su SIS. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir dicho proceso de adaptación digital desde marzo a diciembre de 2020, e identificar los principales resultados utilizando un modelo sociotécnico. Se empleó el modelo de Sittig que incluye 8 dimensiones: Infraestructura, Contenido clínico, Interfaz Humano-computadora, Personas, Comunicación y procesos, Regulaciones, Características organizacionales y Políticas internas y Medición y monitorización. (AU)


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic, dramatically affecting health care. Measures such as social distancing and quarantine were adopted globally. This new context represented a huge challenge for Health Information Systems (HIS) that had to adapt quickly, facing an inescapable reason to fully embrace the digital transformation. There is a need to explore the digital technologies used during the pandemic and consider them for continued use over time or cyclically in the event of recurring outbreaks. Digital tools have been used for the provision of telemedicine services, remote patient monitoring, digital communication between political leaders and scientific authorities, data monitoring to analyze the spread and evolution of COVID-19, etc. Countries and organizations have promoted the use of technological solutions with different limitations. The Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires has a history of more than 20 years in technological implementations and innovations, however, the pandemic prompted a series of adaptations in its SIS. The objective of this work was to describe said digital adaptation process from March to December 2020, and to identify the main results using a sociotechnical model. Sittig´model was used, which includes 8 dimensions: Infrastructure, Clinical Content, Human-Computer Interface, People, Communication and Processes, Regulations, Organizational Characteristics and Internal Policies, and Measurement and Monitoring. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Informatics/trends , Health Information Systems/trends , Argentina , Social Isolation , Medical Informatics Applications , Quarantine , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Pandemics , Telemonitoring , COVID-19 , Models, Theoretical
5.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e402, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1367041

ABSTRACT

La tecnología digital móvil (mSalud), recurso aún subutilizado, tiene el potencial para transformarse en un auxiliar imprescindible en la práctica clínica, en particular en Cardiología. La fibrilación auricular es la arritmia más frecuente, cuya prevalencia aumenta con la edad y tiene como complicación más temida el accidente cerebrovascular. Su prevención depende de un diagnóstico oportuno, una adecuada estratificación de riesgo y el uso de anticoagulantes orales. Sin embargo, es con frecuencia paroxística y asintomática, lo que dificulta su diagnóstico. El aporte de la tecnología mediante el desarrollo de aplicaciones para celulares, relojes, dispositivos portátiles o implantables que registran el ritmo cardíaco y permiten el monitoreo prolongado, ambulatorio y a distancia facilitan su detección. Se repasan las principales evidencias que justifican la aplicación de estas estrategias de tamizaje, cuando está indicado realizarlo, cómo y a quiénes hacerlo. Por último, se plantea también la utilidad de estas estrategias de monitoreo prolongado en el manejo y la prevención de la fibrilación auricular.


The mobile digital technology (mHealth), a tool still underutilized, has the potential to become an essential aid in clinical practice, particularly in Cardiology. Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent arrhythmia whose prevalence increases with age and its most feared complication is cerebrovascular accident. Its prevention depends on a timely diagnosis, an adequate risk stratification and the use of oral anticoagulants. However, it is frequently paroxysmal and asymptomatic, which makes its diagnosis difficult. The contribution of technology through the development of applications for cell phones, watches, portable or implantable devices that record the heart rhythm and allow prolonged, outpatient and remote monitoring, facilitate its detection. The main evidences that justify the application of these screening strategies are reviewed, when it is indicated to perform it, how and to whom to do it. Finally, the usefulness of these prolonged monitoring strategies in the management and prevention of atrial fibrillation is also considered.


A utilização da tecnologia digital móvel (m-Saúde), ainda pouco utilizada, tem potencial para se tornar um auxílio essencial na prática clínica, principalmente na Cardiologia. A fibrilação atrial é a arritmia mais frequente, cuja prevalência aumenta com a idade e sua complicação mais temida é o acidente vascular cerebral. Sua prevenção depende de um diagnóstico oportuno, de uma estratificação de risco adequada e do uso de anticoagulantes orais. Porém, freqüentemente é paroxística e assintomática, o que dificulta seu diagnóstico. A contribuição da tecnologia por meio do desenvolvimento de aplicativos para telefones celulares, relógios, dispositivos portáteis ou implantáveis ​​que registram o ritmo cardíaco e permitem monitoramento prolongado, ambulatorial e remoto, facilitam sua detecção. São revisadas as principais evidências que justificam a aplicação dessas estratégias de rastreamento, quando é indicado fazê-lo, como e para quem fazê-lo. Finalmente, a utilidade dessas estratégias de monitoramento prolongado no manejo e prevenção da fibrilação atrial também é considerada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Mass Screening/instrumentation , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Stroke/prevention & control , eHealth Strategies
6.
Med. infant ; 27(2): 138-144, Diciembre 2020. ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, UNISALUD, LILACS | ID: biblio-1150453

ABSTRACT

Los Programas telemédicos entre unidades de cuidados intensivos han demostrado ser eficaces en el mundo. En Argentina realizamos el primer programa piloto entre una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos de Buenos Aires (UCIP- BA) y Santiago del Estero (UCIP-S). En el presente trabajo describimos el desarrollo y la evaluación de una nueva modalidad de asistencia para el diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento a distancia de los pacientes en UCIP. Se implementó un programa de atención sincrónica para pacientes internados y seleccionados por la UCIP-S. Se utilizó un sistema de videoconferencia y se realizó un seguimiento en conjunto de los pacientes. La evaluación se realizó con una encuesta de satisfacción de los usuarios. Ingresaron al estudio 29 pacientes, 72 % del sexo masculino. La edad promedio fue de 35 meses (2-168). El diagnóstico más frecuente fue shock séptico y el acompañamiento en el diagnóstico la conducta más frecuente. Solo cinco pacientes obitaron y se registraron 3 derivaciones al Hospital Garrahan. Se realizaron 155 teleconferencias y 396 consultas, con un tiempo promedio diario de 48 minutos, La media de seguimientos por pacientes fue de 20,6 días (2-107). Tele-UCI mejoró la capacidad de comprensión de la situación clínica (96%) y modificó la relación con la familia (65%). El modelo asistencial demostró un 88.5% de satisfacción. A través de estos resultados concluimos que según los profesionales participantes, Tele-UCI respaldó al equipo que se encarga del seguimiento diario de los pacientes, generando una disminución de traslados de pacientes (AU)


Telemedicine programs between intensive care units have proven effective worldwide. In Argentina we conducted the first pilot program between a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in Buenos Aires (PICU- BA) and another in Santiago del Estero (PICU-S). In this study, we describe the development and evaluation of a new care modality for the diagnosis, treatment, and remote monitoring of patients in the PICU. A synchronous care program for inpatients selected by PICU-S was implemented. A videoconferencing system was used and patients were monitored together. The program was evaluated with a user satisfaction survey. Twenty-nine patients, 72% of the male sex, were included in the study. Mean age was 35 months (2-168). The most common diagnosis was septic shock and in the majority of cases the diagnosis was confirmed. Only five patients died and three were referred to Garrahan Hospital. Overall, 155 teleconferences and 396 consultations were conducted, with a mean daily time of 48 minutes. Mean monitoring time per patient was 20.6 days (2-107). Tele-ICU improved the ability to understand the clinical situation (96%) and changed the relationship with the family (65%). The care model showed an 88.5% satisfaction rate. Based on these results, we conclude that according to the participating professionals, TeleICU supported the team that is in charge of the daily monitoring of patients, leading to a decrease in patient transfers (AU)


Subject(s)
Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/trends , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Critical Care/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Maio 28, 2020. 3 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103375

ABSTRACT

É fundamental ter acesso imediato aos dados dos pacientes em um só lugar, na hora certa e no formato certo para responder rapidamente e coordenar as ações e decisões, sobretudo para os mais vulneráveis. PEs completos e interoperáveis permitem acessar e compartilhar dados por todo o sistema público de saúde, melhorando o monitoramento e informação de casos suspeitos e confirmados, regimes de tratamento, condições anormais, etc. Essa troca de informações é mais ágil e precisa do que um sistema baseado em papel ou "não interoperável". Além disso, permite uma compreensão mais rápida do comportamento de uma pandemia em uma determinada população e, assim, possibilita intervenções mais rápidas e abrangentes de contenção e/ou mitigação.


Es fundamental poder tener acceso inmediato a los datos de los pacientes en un solo lugar, en el momento oportuno y en el formato correcto, sobre todo en el caso de los pacientes más vulnerables, para poder dar una respuesta rápida y coordinada. Los registros electrónicos de salud completos e interoperables permiten el acceso e intercambio de datos en todo el sistema de salud pública, lo que mejora el seguimiento y la notificación de los casos presuntos y confirmados, de los esquemas de tratamiento y de los trastornos anormales, entre otros temas. Esta manera de intercambiar información es más ágil y precisa que un sistema en papel o que no sea interoperable; además, permite entender más rápidamente cómo se comporta una pandemia en una población determinada, posibilitando la ejecución de intervenciones de contención o mitigación más integrales.


It is critical to have immediate access to patient data in one place, at the right time and in the right format for quick responses and coordinated actions and decisions, especially for those who are in the most vulnerable conditions. But also, an adequate and interoperable EHR facilitates the access and sharing of data within the public health system, thus allowing better monitoring and reporting of suspected and confirmed cases, treatment regimens and abnormal conditions, among many others, in an agile and more faithful way than through a paper-based or "non-interoperable" system. This allows to understand more quickly the behavior of the pandemic in a given population; so that adequate and timely containment and/or mitigation interventions can be made.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Electronic Health Records/organization & administration , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Betacoronavirus , Data Science
11.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; May 28, 2020. 3 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103458

ABSTRACT

Nas situações em que uma pandemia é declarada, os sentimentos de ansiedade e incerteza podem sobrecarregar as pessoas, e os sistemas de saúde podem ter dificuldades para lidar com uma demanda descontrolada e exponencial. Na ausência de medidas apropriadas de planejamento e mitigação, os serviços de saúde podem ser expostos ao risco de colapso causado por uma inundação de consultas que poderiam ser atendidas por meios virtuais. Os estabelecimentos de saúde podem ficar sobrecarregados e ter capacidade insuficiente para fornecer tratamento adequado às pessoas mais necessitadas de cuidados. As teleconsultas são uma forma segura e eficaz de avaliar casos suspeitos e orientar o diagnóstico e o tratamento do paciente, minimizando o risco de transmissão da doença. Estas teleconsultas permitem que muitos dos principais serviços clínicos continuem operando regular e ininterruptamente, tanto na preparação quanto no curso de uma emergência de saúde pública.


En situaciones donde se declara una pandemia, los sentimientos de ansiedad e incertidumbre pueden abrumar a las personas, y los sistemas de salud pueden tener dificultades para hacer frente a una demanda exponencial y fuera de control. Sin una planificación adecuada y medidas de mitigación, los servicios de salud pueden estar expuestos al riesgo de colapso causado por una sobrecarga de consultas que podrían ser atendidas por medios virtuales. Las instalaciones de salud pueden verse abrumadas y tener una capacidad insuficiente para proporcionar un tratamiento adecuado a quienes más lo necesitan. Las teleconsultas son una forma segura y efectiva de evaluar casos sospechosos y guiar el diagnóstico y el tratamiento del paciente, minimizando el riesgo de transmisión de la enfermedad. Estas teleconsultas permiten que muchos de los servicios clínicos clave continúen operando regularmente y sin interrupciones, tanto en la preparación como en el curso de una emergencia de salud pública.


In situations where a pandemic is declared, the feelings of anxiety and uncertainty can overwhelm people, and health systems can struggle to cope with an uncontrolled and exponential demand. Without appropriate planning and mitigation measures, health services can be exposed to the risk of collapse caused by an inundation of queries that could be serviced by virtual means. Health facilities may become overwhelmed and have insufficient capacity to provide adequate treatment to those most in need of care. Teleconsultations are a safe and effective way to assess suspected cases and guide the patient's diagnosis and treatment, minimizing the risk of disease transmission. These teleconsultations enable many of the key clinical services to continue to operate regularly and uninterrupted, both in preparation for and in the course of a public health emergency.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Public Health Administration , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
12.
Buenos Aires; IECS; mayo 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1100160

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO CLÍNICO: La enfermedad por el Coronavirus 2019 (COVID­19, por su sigla en inglés Coronavirus Disease 2019) es una enfermedad respiratoria de humanos producida por un nuevo coronavirus identificado con la sigla SARS-CoV-2.1 El 11 de marzo de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaro la COVID-19 como una pandemia, y en Argentina se registraron hasta el momento 6.034 casos y 305 fallecidos (6,7 fallecidos/millón de habitantes). En Argentina, el 31 de marzo comenzó el aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio, con aislamiento estricto hasta el 13 de abril, aislamiento administrado desde el 13 al 26 de abril y con segmentación geográfica desde el 26 de abril hasta la actualidad. Durante todo este período se han restringido las consultas y procedimientos médicos no urgentes con el objetivo de evitar el contagio de la población y del personal sanitario, así como también de aumentar la capacidad de respuesta del sistema de salud ante la pandemia. Uno de los efectos adversos del aislamiento y de la restricción de procedimientos electivos es la potencial discontinuación de tratamientos crónicos, dentro de los cuales se encuentra la rehabilitación física. Esto ha generado un impulso a la tele-asistencia para la atención y seguimiento de los pacientes, particularmente de aquellos con patologías crónicas. Se postula el uso de tele-asistencia kinesiológica de patologías durante la pandemia COVID-19 como alternativa durante las restricciones vigentes y para disminuir el riesgo de exposición de los pacientes y el personal de salud. TECNOLOGÍA: La telemedicina, que se incluye dentro de un concepto más amplio denominado telesalud, se define como "la prestación de servicios de atención de salud, por todos los profesionales de salud que utilizan tecnologías de la información y comunicación para el intercambio de información válida para el diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de las enfermedades y lesiones, la investigación y la evaluación, y para la educación continua de proveedores de atención de salud, para la promoción de la salud de los individuos y sus comunidades." A su vez, la teleconsulta se define como la comunicación a distancia entre dos o más integrantes del equipo de salud (a menudo entre médicos de atención primaria y especialistas), o entre un proveedor de salud y el paciente, utilizando las tecnologías de la información y comunicación. La teleconsulta sincrónica hace referencia a la forma de comunicación que sucede en tiempo real, habitualmente con transmisión de audio y video de manera simultánea (ej. videoconferencia). OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente informe es evaluar la evidencia disponible acerca de la eficacia, seguridad y aspectos relacionados a las políticas de cobertura del uso de rehabilitación física con telemedicina para distintas patologías. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas, en buscadores genéricos de internet, y financiadores de salud. Se priorizó la inclusión de revisiones sistemáticas (RS), ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados (ECAs), evaluaciones de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS), evaluaciones económicas, guías de práctica clínica (GPC) y políticas de cobertura de diferentes sistemas de salud. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron, seis RS, dos ECAs con evaluaciones económicas, cinco recomendaciones y cuatro políticas de cobertura. CONCLUSIONES: Evidencia de baja calidad sugiere que la rehabilitación física con telemedicina no sería menos efectiva que la rehabilitación presencial o los cuidados usuales sin rehabilitación. Existe gran variabilidad en las técnicas de tele-rehabilitación empleadas, incluyendo al teléfono, la videoconferencia, realidad virtual y programas de internet. Las sociedades científicas sobre rehabilitación física de Estados Unidos, Canadá, Australia y Reino Unido recomiendan el uso de tele-rehabilitación durante el aislamiento por COVID-19. La Superintendencia de Servicios de Salud de Argentina recomienda que, durante el "aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio" por la pandemia COVID-19, los financiadores de la seguridad social y privados deberán implementar y fomentar el uso de teleasistencia y/o teleconsulta, a fin de garantizar las prestaciones de demanda esencial. Los financiadores públicos y privados de Estados Unidos cubren la tele-rehabilitación, mientras que el sistema de salud público de Australia no lo hace.(AU)


Subject(s)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine/methods , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Remote Consultation/instrumentation , Argentina , Technology Assessment, Biomedical
14.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 134-137, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125053

ABSTRACT

La telemedicina es la prestación de servicios por profesionales de la salud, mediante la utilización de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. Su implementación contribuye a acortar distancias, facilitar el acceso al sistema de salud, mejorar la efectividad de los cuidados y reducir costos. En 2016, Bambang Parmanto y col., desarrollaron y validaron un cuestionario en inglés que mide su usabilidad y permite evaluar todos los factores que influyen en la misma. Dado que no existen hasta la fecha herramientas similares en el idioma español, se llevó a cabo un trabajo de investigación para la traducción y adaptación transcultural que incluyó siete pasos. El cuestionario obtenido luego de este proceso brinda una herramienta valiosa que permite objetivar información que resulta vital para contribuir al ciclo de mejora continua del proceso asistencial de estas características, en el que están involucrados los pacientes, los profesionales de la salud y los financiadores.


Telemedicine is the provision of services by health professionals, through the use of information and communication technologies. Its implementation helps to shorten distances, facilitate access to the health system, improve the effectiveness of care and reduce costs. In 2016, Bambang Parmanto et al, developed and validated a questionnaire in English that measures its usability and allows to evaluate all the factors that influence it. Since similar tools do not exist in the Spanish language to date, a research work was carried out for transcultural translation and adaptation that included seven steps. The questionnaire obtained after this process provides a valuable tool to objectify information that is vital to contribute to the cycle of continuous improvement of the care process of these characteristics, in which patients, health professionals and funders are involved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Translations , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Health Personnel
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20: e5136, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1135536

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To develop an educational mobile application as a dynamic platform provided free of charge, including several clinical and laboratory protocols for a wider range of skills and greater knowledge on the strategic axes of child dental care: Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics. Material and Methods: The prototype tool was structured as follows: development of clinical and laboratory contents to be addressed, software selection, layout format, inclusion of features, applicability and acceptability tests of the operational system, and indexation on the Play Store® application store (free of charge). Results: The mobile application has shown to be a tool capable of storing and providing data through various audiovisual media formats on clinical and laboratory contents of child dental care. Media resources were developed for the following themes: restorative dentistry in pediatric dentistry, radiographic techniques with pediatric patients, pulp therapy in deciduous teeth, traumatic injuries in the primary dentition, and preventive and interceptive orthodontics. The short-duration multimedia content, with different audiovisual formats, proved to be coherent with the peculiarities of each procedure, enabling to better visualize and understand the techniques. Moreover, the rewind, fast forward, and pause features were included in the mobile application, as well as the possibility of saving print screens, as well as highlighting and searching for contents of interest. Conclusion: The OdontoPed-Helpbox® demonstrated to be able to reach new strategies for the dynamic teaching-learning process, through operational efficiency. It proved to be a useful and instant tool for providing information to support clinical decision making in Dentistry.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Dental Care , Pediatric Dentistry , Mobile Applications , Clinical Decision-Making , Tooth, Deciduous , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Learning
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135556

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the possibility of controlling patients at a distance according to principles of teleorthodontics to understand its possible usefulness in the future routine activity and the impact pandemic may have had on different types of orthodontic treatments. Material and Methods: One hundred orthodontic patients (57 F, 43 M, age 7-46) during quarantine were checked through videocalls and photos sent by patients following proper instructions. Three groups have been distinguished based on the type of therapy: A-fixed appliances; B-removable appliances; C-clear aligners. Relevant events about dental and gingival health, integrity of appliances, orthodontic therapies related symptoms and overall progress of treatments were recorded. Results: A and B groups reported higher percentages of gingival inflammation (27 and 22%), dental plaque (16 and 13%), deciduous tooth loss (8 and 16%). Bracket and attachment detachment were the most frequent events in A and C groups (22 and 23%). Pain and discomfort were reported in A and B groups (35 and 32%). Therapies continued to progress better in C (51% improved dental alignment) and B (31% improved malocclusions) groups. Conclusion: Orthodontics is safe and allows during emergencies to postpone checks. Everyday mobile-technology is useful in managing orthodontic patients unable to carry out in-person control. When their effectiveness equals other systems, treatments with clear aligners without attachments should be preferred in patients unavailable for regular checks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Orthodontics , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Teledentistry , SARS-CoV-2 , Italy/epidemiology , Orthodontic Appliances , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Cell Phone/instrumentation , Dental Plaque , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion
19.
Codas ; 32(3): e20200144, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133499

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Apresentamos um relato de experiência de implementação de telefonoaudiologia em tempo real para pacientes que anteriormente eram atendidos em ambulatório em um serviço de atenção primária em saúde. No total, 25 usuários estavam sendo acompanhados pela equipe de fonoaudiologia quando da notificação dos primeiros casos de COVID-19 no sul do Brasil. Destes, julgou-se que 12 pacientes demandavam teleatendimento, pelo menos, quinzenalmente. A teleconsulta disponibilizada nesta primeira etapa, em caráter emergencial na implementação do projeto neste formato, a fim de garantir a manutenção dos atendimentos de pacientes que poderiam sofrer agravamento ou mesmo comorbidades associadas à suspensão da fonoterapia, foram realizadas por telefone, com vídeo, por estudantes de fonoaudiologia, extensionistas do projeto e supervisionadas por um fonoaudiólogo, de forma síncrona. Todas as conversas e orientações durante a teleconsulta são encaminhadas com a maior calma possível e, no caso de pacientes infantis, permeadas por algumas atividades lúdicas. A telessaúde tem se mostrado um recurso eficiente para atendimento de pacientes com demandas fonoaudiológicas, possibilitando o atendimento remoto com a mesma qualidade que o atendimento presencial. Além disso, tem potencial relevante, considerando que há um número significativo de pacientes que precisam de avaliação fonoaudiológica e residem em regiões nas quais há escassez de profissionais qualificados.


ABSTRACT We present an experience report on the implementation of real-time telehealth in speech-language and hearing therapy for patients who were previously seen on an outpatient basis in a primary health care service. The Speech-Language Therapy (SLT) team was monitoring twenty-five users when the first cases of COVID-19 were notified in southern Brazil. Of these, it was judged that twelve patients required at least a monitoring call every two weeks. Teleconsultations were available in this first stage, on an emergency basis, during the implementation of the project in this format. The idea was to guarantee, due to the suspension of the SLT sessions, the maintenance of the care service for patients who could suffer worsening of their cases or even comorbidities. The appointments were carried out by video calls by SLT students, therapists of the extension project, and supervised by a speech-language therapist, synchronously. All conversations and orientations during the teleconsultation were conducted as calmly as possible and, in the case of infant patients, permeated by some playful activities. Telehealth has shown to be an efficient resource for the care of patients with SLT demands, enabling remote care with the same quality as face-to-face care. Besides, it has relevant potential, once there is a significant number of patients, who need SLT assessment and live in regions where there is a shortage of qualified professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral , Speech Therapy/organization & administration , Program Development , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Speech Therapy/psychology , Brazil , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Telerehabilitation/instrumentation , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Language Therapy/organization & administration , Language Therapy/psychology
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