Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 77
Filter
1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250370, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440796

ABSTRACT

A atuação em situações de emergências e desastres apresentam-se como um dos grandes desafios na atuação dos profissionais da Psicologia, demandando intervenções singulares, desde o primeiro contato com as vítimas e o com entorno afetado pelo ocorrido, passando pelo trabalho interdisciplinar e interinstitucional junto aos órgãos públicos de segurança, justiça, assistência e saúde. O presente artigo tem como objetivo apresentar, por meio da experiência na assistência às vítimas na Escola Estadual Raul Brasil, as particularidades e adversidades enfrentadas durante o primeiro semestre de intervenções emergenciais que antecederam a contratação de psicólogos por parte do poder público municipal para continuidade das ações. Por meio de relatos de experiência em intervenções psicológicas, obtidos em diferentes instituições para a assistência às vítimas, este trabalho também visa apresentar alternativas que possam servir de referências para a intervenção do psicólogo e da psicóloga em situações de emergências e desastres, especialmente ocorridas na comunidade escolar. Observou-se que a realização do trabalho interdisciplinar e interinstitucional somado à participação da direção da escola no planejamento das ações e a realização de plantões psicológicos e rodas de conversa junto à comunidade escolar foram fundamentais para a assistência às vítimas do ocorrido.(AU)


Timely response to emergency and disaster situations is a major challenge for Psychology professionals and require particular interventions, from initial contact with the victims and the affected environment to interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaboration with public security, justice, assistance and health agencies. Based on the experience of providing assistance to the victims of the State School Raul Brasil, this paper presents the adversities and specificities faced during the first semester of emergency interventions implemented before psychologists were hired by municipal officials for the continuity of care. By analyzing experience reports on psychological interventions obtained from different institutions for victim assistance, this paper proposes alternatives to be used as reference for psychological intervention in emergency and disaster situations, especially those experienced by the school community. Interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaboration with the school board for planning actions and offering psychological services and conversation circles for the school community was fundamental to assist the victims.(AU)


La actuación en situaciones de emergencias es uno de los grandes desafíos a los profesionales de la psicología, pues demanda intervenciones singulares desde el primer contacto con las víctimas y con el contexto afectado por lo ocurrido, pasando por la interdisciplinaridad e interinstitucionalidad junto a los organismos públicos de seguridad, justicia, asistencia y salud. Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar, por medio de la experiencia de la asistencia a las víctimas del colegio estadual Raul Brasil (en São Paulo, Brasil), las particularidades y adversidades enfrentadas durante el primer semestre de las intervenciones de emergencia que antecedieron la contratación de psicólogos por parte del municipio para continuidad de las acciones. Por medio de reportes de experiencia en intervenciones psicológicas, obtenidos en diferentes instituciones para la asistencia a las víctimas, este estudio también pretende presentar alternativas que puedan servir de referencia en la intervención de psicólogos y psicólogas en situaciones de emergencia y desastres, especialmente ocurridas en la comunidad escolar. Se verificó que la realización del trabajo interdisciplinar e interinstitucional, la participación de la dirección del colegio en la implementación de acciones y la realización de guardias psicológicas y círculos de conversación con la comunidad escolar fueron fundamentales para una asistencia a las víctimas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Schools , Emergencies , Anxiety , Panic , Parent-Child Relations , Politics , Prisons , Psychiatry , Psychology, Educational , Psychology, Social , Psychopathology , Punishment , Reality Therapy , Religion , School Health Services , Self Mutilation , Social Change , Social Problems , Socialization , Stereotyping , Violence , Social Control Policies , Bipolar Disorder , Alcohol Drinking , Bereavement , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Attitude , Child , Child Abuse , Child Rearing , Residence Characteristics , Adolescent , Police , Panic Disorder , Domestic Violence , Rescue Work , Life , Crime Victims , Eulogy , Substance-Related Disorders , Internet , Crime , Criminal Law , Crisis Intervention , Terrorist Assault , Terrorism , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Delivery of Health Care , Information Dissemination , Law Enforcement , Friends , Minors , Aggression , Depression , Disaster Planning , Emergency Medical Technicians , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Mass Casualty Incidents , Fear , Bullying , Apathy , Emergency Shelter , Fires , Emotional Adjustment , Peer Influence , Harassment, Non-Sexual , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Survivorship , Academic Failure , Ethnocentrism , Extremism , Cyberbullying , Frustration , Gun Violence , Respect , Psychological Distress , School Mental Health Services , Internet Addiction Disorder , Disinformation , Family Support , Suicide Prevention , Group Processes , Guilt , Homicide , Hostility , Human Rights , Jurisprudence , Anger , Life Change Events , Mass Media , Mental Disorders , Motivation , Neurotic Disorders , Antisocial Personality Disorder
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529213

ABSTRACT

Em 2020, o mundo enfrentou uma grave emergência de saúde pública devido à pandemia de COVID-19, que impactou significativamente a mobilidade humana e a vida cotidiana de milhares de imigrantes ao redor do mundo. Este artigo fez uso de entrevistas online e por telefone com imigrantes que chegaram ao Brasil a partir de 2016, para identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas durante a pandemia. Foi realizada uma análise transversal das entrevistas com o auxílio do software Atlas.ti 9, usando a técnica sistemática de categorização iterativa. Com base em uma perspectiva sociocultural em psicologia, o artigo introduz os impactos iniciais da pandemia em diferentes esferas da vida cotidiana desses imigrantes e apresenta as estratégias mobilizadas para restaurar continuidades funcionais e relacionais em um momento no qual as rupturas provocadas pela migração e pela pandemia se sobrepõem. Entre outros, podese identificar como os entrevistados ativaram rapidamente as redes sociais locais e transnacionais virtualmente, mobilizando competências e habilidades aprendidas durante a migração.(AU)


In 2020, the world faced a serious public health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has significantly impacted human mobility and the daily lives of thousands of immigrants around the world. This article uses online and telephone interviews conducted with migrants who arrived in Brazil in 2016, to identify coping strategies employed during the pandemic. A transversal analysis of all interviews was conducted with the aid of the software Atlas.ti 9, using a systematic approach of iterative categorization. From a sociocultural perspective in psychology, the article introduces the initial impacts of the pandemic in different spheres of everyday life of these immigrants. With this everyday context, we present the strategies mobilized by immigrants to restore functional and relational continuities at a moment in which the ruptures caused by migration and the pandemic overlap. In particular, we identify how interviewees rapidly activated local and transnational social networks virtually, mobilizing skills learnt during migration.(AU)


En 2020, el mundo se enfrentó a un grave estado de emergencia en salud pública debido a la pandemia del COVID-19, que impactó significativamente la movilidad humana y la vida cotidiana de miles de inmigrantes en todo el mundo. Este artículo realizó entrevistas en línea y por teléfono con inmigrantes quienes llegaron a Brasil a partir de 2016, con el fin de identificar sus estrategias de afrontamiento adoptadas durante la pandemia. Se realizó un análisis transversal de las entrevistas con la ayuda del software Atlas.ti 9, utilizando la técnica sistemática de categorización iterativa. Desde una perspectiva sociocultural en Psicología, este artículo expone los impactos iniciales de la pandemia en diferentes ámbitos de la vida cotidiana de estos inmigrantes y presenta las estrategias movilizadas para restaurar las continuidades funcionales y relacionales en un momento en que se superponen las rupturas causadas por la migración y la pandemia. Entre otros aspectos, se puede identificar cómo los entrevistados activaron virtualmente las redes sociales locales y transnacionales movilizando habilidades y destrezas aprendidas durante la migración.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adaptation, Psychological , Cultural Characteristics , Emigration and Immigration , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Aptitude , Politics , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Refugees , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Mobility , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Unemployment , Viruses , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Brazil , Career Mobility , Economic Development , Quarantine , Communicable Disease Control , Family Characteristics , Adjustment Disorders , Hygiene , Mental Health , Disease Outbreaks , Mortality , Immunization , Population Growth , Universal Precautions , Clinical Competence , Workplace , Interview , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Disease Notification , Refugee Camps , Endemic Diseases , Credentialing , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Culture , Terrorism , Capitalism , Internationality , Disasters , Economics , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Job Market , Ethics , Products Distribution , Cultural Competency , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Economic Recession , Policy , Remuneration , Forecasting , Faith-Based Organizations , Expression of Concern , Right to seek Asylum , Respect , Psychological Distress , Transtheoretical Model , Physical Distancing , Food Insecurity , Social Vulnerability , Disaster Operations , Human Development , Human Rights , Income , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Learning , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness
3.
Rev. crim ; 64(2): 77-88, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418088

ABSTRACT

El conflicto armado en Colombia se ha caracterizado por la presencia de grupos al margen de la ley, quienes utilizan las minas antipersona como unas de sus armas principales. El objetivo de esta investigación consistió en evaluar estadísticamente los casos relacionados con las víctimas de minas antipersona en Colombia entre 1990 y 2020. El proceso investigativo se generó a partir de los datos suministrados por la Oficina del Alto Comisionado para la Paz, y se empleó un análisis de correspondencia múltiple y distribución de frecuencia. Se encontró que el 60.5% de las estadísticas relacionadas con las minas antipersona se asocian a personal militar vinculado a las Fuerzas Militares, además que en el 19.7% de los incidentes con dichas armas la persona afectada pierde su vida, y también que el 10.2% de los casos reportados corresponden a menores de edad. Igualmente, se halló que en los departamentos de Antioquia, Meta, Nariño y Caquetá se presentaron el mayor número de hechos. Se concluye que el país debe dar su máximo esfuerzo para erradicar del territorio las minas que aún están sembradas, y trabajar junto con la Comunidad Internacional y los exguerrilleros reintegrados a la sociedad con el fin de promover un país libre de minas.


The armed conflict in Colombia has been characterized by the presence of illegal groups, who use landmines as one of their main weapons. The objective of this research was to statistically evaluate the cases related to landmine victims in Colombia between 1990 and 2020. The research process was generated from data provided by the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace, and a multiple correspondence and frequency distribution analysis was used. It was found that 60.5% of the statistics related to antipersonnel mines are associated with military personnel linked to the Armed Forces, and that in 19.7% of the incidents involving these weapons the affected person loses his or her life, and also that 10.2% of the reported cases correspond to minors. It was also found that the departments of Antioquia, Meta, Nariño and Caquetá had the highest number of incidents. It is concluded that the country must make its maximum effort to eradicate the mines that are still planted in the territory, and work together with the international community and the ex-guerrillas reintegrated into society in order to promote a mine-free country.


O conflito armado na Colômbia tem sido caracterizado pela presença de grupos armados ilegais, que utilizam minas terrestres como uma de suas principais armas. O objetivo desta pesquisa era avaliar estatisticamente os casos relacionados às vítimas de minas terrestres na Colômbia entre 1990 e 2020. O processo de pesquisa foi gerado a partir de dados fornecidos pelo Alto Comissariado para a Paz, e foi utilizada uma análise de correspondência múltipla e distribuição de freqüência. Constatou-se que 60,5% das estatísticas relacionadas às minas antipessoais estão associadas a militares ligados às Forças Armadas, e que em 19,7% dos incidentes envolvendo essas armas, a pessoa afetada perde a vida, e que 10,2% dos casos relatados correspondem a menores. Também foi constatado que os departamentos de Antioquia, Meta, Nariño e Caquetá tiveram o maior número de incidentes. Conclui-se que o país deve fazer o máximo para erradicar as minas que ainda estão plantadas no território e trabalhar junto com a comunidade internacional e os ex-guerrilheiros reintegrados à sociedade para promover um país livre de minas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Terrorism , Violence , Colombia , Armed Conflicts , Explosive Agents , Weapons , Jurisprudence
4.
Rev. crim ; 62(1): 133-148, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138844

ABSTRACT

Resumen El siguiente artículo analiza desde la perspectiva clásica de seguridad la evolución de la política exterior de Libia durante la era de Muammar Gaddafi, caracterizándose en su inicio por ser una amenaza de guerra constante a transformarse en el principal factor de estabilidad de la región del Sahel antes de su caída. Desde este punto se examinan las consecuencias que, en materia de seguridad, acontecieron en la región tras la desaparición del líder libio y los factores de riesgo que aumentan la vulnerabilidad de esta, ante la situación caótica en el país norafricano, sumado a la intervención militar de Occidente en Libia, la cual profundiza la situación de violencia al no permitir la reconfiguración de una autoridad central fuerte.


Abstract The following article analyzes from the classical security perspective the evolution of Libya's foreign policy during the era of Muammar Gaddafi , characterized at the beginning as being a constant threat of war, to become the main stability factor of the Sahel region before his fall. From this point we examine the consequences that, in terms of security, occurred in the region following the demise of the Libyan leader and the risk factors that increase its vulnerability, given the chaotic situation in the North African country, added to the Western military intervention in Libya, which deepens the violence situation by not allowing the reconfi guration of a strong central authority.


Resumo O seguinte artigo analisa desde a perspectiva clássica de segurança a evolução da política exterior de Líbia durante a era de Muammar Gaddafi, caracterizar-se em seu início por ser una ameaça de guerra constante a se transformar no principal fator de estabilidade da região do Sahel antes da sua caída. Desde este ponto examinam-se as consequências que, em matéria de segurança, aconteceram na região após do desaparecimento do líder líbio e os fatores de risco que aumentam a vulnerabilidade desta, perante a situação caótica no país norte-africano, somado à intervenção militar de Ocidente em Líbia, a qual aprofunda a situação de violencia ao não permitir a reconfiguração de uma autoridade central forte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Politics , Safety , Hazards , Terrorism
5.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): 45-46, 2 oct. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416774

ABSTRACT

Este breve articulo recrea el texto del video realizado en recuerdo de Ignacio Martín-Baró al cumplirse los 20 años de su asesinato. Se trata de un punto de encuentro entre la música y las ficciones narrativas como recurso para organizar actos de memoria. A partir de un homenaje al Quinteto Tiempo, con referencias a los coros trágicos, a los clásicos de Aristóteles y a Paul Ricoeur, el escrito ofrece una metodología de tratamiento de la historia, a la vez colectiva y singular


This short article recreates the text of the video made in memory of Ignacio Martín-Baró at the age of 20 years after his murder. It is a meeting point between music and narrative fictions as a resource to organize acts of memory. With references to tragic choirs, to the classics of Aristotle and Paul Ricoeur, the writing offers a methodology for the treatment of history, both collective and singular


Subject(s)
Humans , Terrorism , Memory , Ethics , Music
6.
Rev. crim ; 61(2): 113-132, May-Ago 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020686

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente trabajo tiene como principal propósito exponer algunas de las dinámicas de la violencia directa y estructural de siete departamentos de frontera que, en los últimos años, se han erigido como algunos de los escenarios en los que concurren una suerte de variables que pueden experimentar nuevas violencias en el marco del posconflicto armado en Colombia, que serán prioridad para el Acuerdo de Paz suscrito con la guerrilla de las FARC-EP. Estos departamentos son Arauca, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo y Valle del Cauca, para todos ellos se presenta un análisis de indicadores de activismo armado y de carácter socioeconómico que va desde el número de acciones guerrilleras o muertes por violencia directa hasta las necesidades básicas insatisfechas o la condición de pobreza, pasando por la presencia de economías ilícitas como los cultivos cocaleros o la minería ilegal. El trabajo, asimismo, integra percepciones de las alcaldías -recogidas entre 2014 y 2015- en las que ya se alertaba de las especiales dificultades en estos escenarios a efectos de atender un proceso de construcción de paz integral.


Abstract This work has as main purpose to expose some of the dynamics of the direct and structural violence of seven border departments that, in the last years, have raised as some of the scenarios in which concur a sort of variables that can experience new violences in the framework of the post-conflict in Colombia, which will be priority for the Peace Agreement subscribed with the FARC-EP guerrilla. Those departments are Arauca, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo and Valle del Cauca; for all of them an analysis of indicators of armed activism and socio-economic character is presented that goes from the number of guerilla actions or deaths by direct violence up to unsatisfied basic needs or the poverty condition, through the presence of illicit economies such as the coca crops or the illegal mining. The work, likewise, integrates perceptions of the municipal governments - collected between 2014 and 2015 - in which a warning was already issued about the special difficulties on those scenarios for the purpose of attending a process of building of comprehensive peace.


Resumo O presente trabalho tem como principal propósito exporalgumas das dinâmicas da violência direta e estrutural de sete departamentos de fronteira que, nos últimos anos, tem sido erigidos como alguns dos cenários nos que concorrem uma sorte de variáveis que podem experimentar novas violências no marco do pôs-conflito na Colômbia, que serão prioridade para o Acordo de Paz subscrito com a guerrilha das FARCEP. Estes departamentos são Arauca, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo e Valle del Cauca; para todos estes apresenta-se uma análise de indicadores de ativismo armado e de caráter socioeconómico que vai desde o número de ações guerrilheiras ou mortes por violencia direta até as necessidades básicas insatisfeitas ou a condição de pobreza, passando pela presença de economias ilícitas como os cultivos cocaleros ou a mineração ilegal. O trabalho, do mesmo modo, integra percepções das prefeituras -recolhidas entre 2014 e 2015- nas que já se alertava das especiais dificuldades nestes cenários para efeitos de atender um processo de construção de paz integral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Armed Conflicts , Terrorism , Violence , Criminals
7.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(1): 17-22, abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016277

ABSTRACT

Desde 1988 el diario Página/12 ofrece a familiares y amigos de personas secuestradas y asesinadas durante la última dictadura cívico-militar un espacio para recordar y homenajear a sus seres queridos que ya no están. Se trata de una iniciativa que, por sus características y permanencia en el tiempo, resulta absolutamente conmovedora y original. Este artículo presenta el valor de este gesto a través de su relación con la escritura como vía para la simbolización de la muerte ante la ausencia del cuerpo.


Since 1988, the Argentine newspaper Página / 12 offers relatives and friends of people kidnapped and murdered during the last civil-military dictatorship a space to remember and honor their loved ones who are no longer there. It is an initiative that, due to its characteristics and permanence over time, is absolutely moving and original. This article presents the value of this gesture through its relationship with writing as a way to symbolize death in the absence of the body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Terrorism , Prisoners
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551569

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo abordamos como la Historia se cruza con las pequeñas historias en cada restitución. La restitución es puesta en juego, cada vez, en ellas y la nominación que ha acontecido se conmueve al reanudarse el nudo de la filiación con cada restitución


In this essay we work on how History intersects small stories in each restitution. The filiation is put into play, and the nomination that has taken place is shaken when the knot of filiation is rearmed with each restitution


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , History, 20th Century , Terrorism
9.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 14(1): 43-56, abr. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910574

ABSTRACT

La obra de teatro "El tren de las 4 y 30", de 1993, es anterior a varios de los trabajos usualmente mencionados como ejemplos de posmemoria. La experiencia, de la que formaron parte hijos de desaparecidos, surgió en el marco de un trabajo de investigación realizado entre 1991 y 1993 en Argentina y en otros cuatro países de Latinoamérica ­El Salvador, Honduras y Chile- por profesionales de la salud mental vinculados a los derechos humanos. Este temprano ejemplo vería reforzada su marca posmemorial por los ejercicios puestos en juego en los talleres realizados en la Argentina, de los que formaron parte quienes participaron en la obra. Dado su carácter marcadamente subjetivo y metafórico, "El Tren de las 4 y 30" se presentaría como un episodio vinculado a la construcción de memoria pero por fuera de un registro testimonial o meramente coyuntural. En este sentido, su lenguaje es fundamentalmente poético. A mitad de camino entre el inicio de la posdictadura, 1983, y el año en que se estrenó Los rubios, 2003, la obra que presentamos podría aportar al panorama de estudios sobre posmemoria uno de los primeros ejemplos de creación artística y colectiva realizada por hijos de desaparecidos.


The play "The train of 4:30", of 1993, predates several of the works usually mentioned as examples of postmemory. The experience, of which children of missing persons formed part, arose in the framework of a research project carried out between 1991 and 1993 in Argentina and in four other countries in Latin America -El Salvador, Honduras and Chile- by mental health professionals linked to human rights. This early example would see his postmemorial mark reinforced by the exercises put into play in the workshops held in Argentina, of which those who participated in the work were part. Given its markedly subjective and metaphorical character, "The Train of 4:30" would be presented as an episode linked to the construction of memory but outside of a testimonial or merely conjunctural record. In this sense, his language is fundamentally poetic. Halfway between the beginning of the post-dictatorship, 1983, and the year in which "Los rubios" (2003) was released, the work we present could contribute to the post-memory studies panorama one of the first examples of artistic and collective creation made by children of disappeared.


Subject(s)
Humans , Terrorism , Argentina , Art , History , Persons
10.
Investig. psicol ; 23(1): 55-64, abr. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-970942

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo tiene como principal objetivo analizar el tratamiento que el ámbito jurídico realiza sobre el testigo en las causas por crímenes de lesa humanidad en la Argentina. Con este fin se llevará a cabo un recorrido histórico, a partir de la teoría de Foucault, sobre los modos de proceder del ámbito de la justicia desde la Grecia antigua hasta la actualidad, para situar aquellos determinantes que no sólo estructuran el devenir de los juicios ­en algunos casos provocando su interrupción, como sucediera a partir de las leyes del perdón en nuestro país­, sino que a su vez presentan un especial modo de alojamiento y constitución del testigo durante las audiencias, que inevitablemente genera efectos en el mismo a nivel subjetivo. Por ello, repasaremos también el rol que el ámbito de la psicología cumple actualmente en la planificación de estrategias psicojurídicas efectivas, que logren acompañar a aquellos que prestan su voz y su cuerpo para el desenvolvimiento de las causas a nivel jurídico.


The present paper aims to analyze the treatment held over the witness in trials for crimes against humanity in Argentina. With this purpose, we will conduct an historical review around Foucault's theory, to focus on the juridical field patterns since ancient Greece to this day, in order to situate certain determinants which structure the judicial practice not only on the result of the causes ­and ultimately on their interruption, as seen in Argentina with the commonly named "laws of forgiveness"­ but also on a singular way of accommodation and constitution of the witness during the audiences, which inevitably generates subjective effects. For that reason, we will also review the current role of the psychology field with respect to planning effective psycho-juridical strategies to assist those witnesses who lend their voice and body for the development of the trials.


Subject(s)
History, 20th Century , Crime Victims , Criminology , Criminal Law , Terrorism
11.
In. Assis, Simone Gonçalves de; Silveira, Liane Maria Braga. O tema da violência no ensino em saúde coletiva: Articulações com pesquisa e extensão. Rio de Janeiro, E-papers, 2018. p.25-46.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965038

ABSTRACT

A presente obra visa, Inserir proposta para o leitor a quantificação dos eventos, analisar o problema em sua dimensão mundial, mostrar as principais características do problema no Brasil, combinar magnitude com dimensões qualitativas, tratar sobre consequências sobre saúde individual e coletiva, colaborar com o leitor para que ele observe qualquer fato violento concreto de forma contextualizada: violências cruéis estão ligadas a outras mais sutis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Suicide , Violence , Homicide , Terrorism , Human Migration , Warfare and Armed Conflicts , Gender-Based Violence
12.
Rev. psicanal ; 24(3): http://revista.sppa.org.br/index.php/RPdaSPPA/article/view/330/380, 20170000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-981324

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho é colocar em discussão o fenômeno do corpo individual do homem-bomba na sua relação com o corpo grupal da organização terrorista e como a sua interação pode criar uma onda sísmica global que propaga um terror sem nome do individual ao coletivo e vice-versa. A falha tectônica ou a fratura do desamparo e seus derivados traumáticos são o campo onde a psicanálise se apresenta como um corpo de saber privilegiado para a elaboração de conceitos transversais a este fenômeno ­ o terror sem nome (Bion, 1962a) e a articulação da maldade radical (1949) e da banalidade do mal (1963) de Arendt servindo de ponte para a compreensão dos processos psíquicos comuns à dimensão individual e à dimensão coletiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hate , Terrorism
14.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (1): 205-212
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185760

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and the severity of PTSD symptoms in survivors, rescuers and witnesses of terrorist attacks on Khyber bazaar, Qissa Khawani bazaar, and All Saints Church in Peshawar city area. Cross-sectional survey is carried out on a sample of one hundred survivors, rescuers and witness of terrorist attacks using structured interviews to assess the severity of posttraumatic stress, five months after the attacks. The study period extended from January 24, 2014 to March 24, 2014 which constitutes a total of period of 8 weeks. PTSD symptoms are measured using Posttraumatic Symptom Scale Interview [PSSI] and conferred to a diagnosis of PTSD at 5 months. Additionally, the severity of PTSD symptoms were determined using PSSI scores, severity ranged from 0-51. Of the one hundred survey respondents, 88% were males and 12% were females. Forty percent [40%] had attained 10 years of education, matriculation, but irrespective of the gender or educational status, all had some degree of PTSD. Sixty-six [66%] percent respondents are diagnosed as having moderate PTSD while 11% of the sample suffered from severe PTSD level. Age, gender, occupation and education level did not have any correlation with PTSD development. The contemporary findings indicate that any person who has witnessed or survived catastrophes of terrorist activities like bomb blast or being exposed to suicide attacks is at risk for developing PTSD, and there is necessity to deliver specialized post-disaster mental health facilities to the people having substantial levels of PTSD after calamities of such great intensity


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Terrorism , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Age Distribution , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. crim ; 58(1): 67-79, ene.-abr. 2016. ilus, graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-791357

ABSTRACT

El terrorismo sufre cambios en la actualidad y evoluciona a la par que el resto del mundo. Boko Haram supone el ejemplo perfecto de un nuevo terrorismo emergente, alimentado por la globalización y la economía, pero fundamentado a su vez en pilares tan antiguos como el fanatismo religioso y los conflictos interculturales. En este artículo se trata de revisar las claves del nacimiento y desarrollo de este grupo terrorista: las características de su país de origen, los elementos que llevaron al surgimiento de este grupo terrorista, qué estrategias de asalto y financiación utiliza en la actualidad y cómo lleva a cabo Boko Haram: análisis del fenómeno terrorista en Nigeria Rafael López Pérez Doctor en Psicología. Presidente de la Fundación Universitaria Behavior & Law, Madrid, España. rlopez@behaviorandlaw.com Nahikari Sánchez Herrero Magíster en Seguridad. Especialidad en perfiles terroristas. Profesora de Crímina, Centro para el estudio y prevención de la delincuencia, Pamplona, España. nahikari.sanchez@crimina.es Ángel García Collantes Doctor en Derecho. Director de la Cátedra de Análisis de Conducta UDIMA - Fundación Universitaria Behavior & Law, Madrid, España. angel.garcia.c@udima.es Francisco Javier Torregrosa López Magíster en Criminología y Ciencias Forenses. Investigador en la Fundación Universitaria Behavior & Law, Alicante, España. javiertorregrosalopez@behaviorandlaw.com David Garriga Guitart Magíster en Mundo Árabe e Islámico. Analista de Terrorismo Yihadista, Fundación Universitaria Behavior & Law, Barcelona, España. dgarriga@behaviorandlaw.com su reclutamiento, así como su relación con otros grupos terroristas. Por último, con base en la teoría analizada, se realizará un análisis prospectivo sobre qué dirección es más probable que sigan sus acciones durante un futuro inmediato y a largo plazo. Las conclusiones alcanzadas por los autores indican que Boko Haram con probabilidad continuará creciendo y mejorando sus recursos y estrategias, gracias a su relación con Daesh, para finalmente ser fagocitado por este como parte de un proceso de expansión territorial.


Nowadays, terrorism is undergoing changes and evolving on par with the rest of the world. Boko Haram involves the perfect example of a new emerging terrorism not only nurtured by globalization and economy, but supported in turn on three ancient pillars as old as religious fanaticism, bigotry and intercultural conflicts. This article attempts to review the keys of this terrorist group's birth and development process like, among others, the features of their country of origin, the elements or factors leading to their emergence, what assault and financing strategies are they using today and how recruiting of new members is carried out, as well as their relationships with other terrorist groups. Finally, as based on the theory having been examined, prospective analyses will be made on what kind of orientation in their actions is more likely to be followed in an immediate future and in the long run. The findings reached by the authors suggest that there is a strong possibility that Boko Haram will continue to grow and improve the group's resources and strategies, thanks to its relationship with Daesh, but only to end up being swallowed by them -or should we say phagocyted- as part of a territorial expansion process.


O terrorismo passa por mudanças na atualidade e evolui ao mesmo tempo o resto do mundo. Boko Haram supõe o exemplo perfeito de um novo terrorismo emergente, alimentado pela globalización e pela economia, mas baseado também como nos pilares tão antigos como o fanatismo religioso e os conflitos interculturais. Neste artigo tentase revisar as chaves do nascimento e do desenvolvimento deste grupo terrorista: as características do seu país de origem, os elementos que levaram ao surgimento deste grupo terrorista, as estratégias do assalto e do financiamento usa na atualidade e como realiza seu recrutamento, assim como sua relação com outros grupos terroristas. Finalmente, com base na teoria analisada, uma análise prospectivo será feita sobre a direção mais provável que sigam suas ações durante um futuro imediato e de longo prazo. As conclusões alcançadas pelos a autores indicam que Boko Haram com probabilidade continuará crescendo e melhorando seus recursos e estratégias, graças a sua relação com o Daesh, finalmente para ser fagocitado por este como parte de um processo da expansão territorial.


Subject(s)
Terrorism , Anthropology, Cultural , Criminology , Religion
16.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 278-305, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic literature review is to analyze the psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents after disasters. METHODS: We conducted a review of the extant research literature from 1991 to 2015 via a comprehensive search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PubMed and PsyclNFO databases. The keywords employed in this research included: ‘child’, ‘adolescent’, ‘youth’, ‘disaster’, ‘posttraumatic’, ‘psychosocial’, ‘therapy’ and ‘intervention’. The researchers followed the PRISMA guidelines. A total of 850 articles were screened for their eligibility and fifty-nine were found to meet the study criteria. The final data analysis was performed based on the disaster type, study design, type of intervention, sample size, age, school grade, number of sessions, setting of intervention delivery, providers, approach and parent involvement. RESULTS: Countries worldwide have experienced various kinds of disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, vessel accidents, tornados, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, war, fire, terrorism, and traffic accidents. The types of psychosocial intervention that were conducted after these disasters included: psychological first aid, psychological debriefing, psychoeducation, trauma focused cognitive behavior therapy, eye movement desensitization reprocessing, prolonged exposure therapy, group play therapy and arts therapy, project interventions, school-based interventions and web-based interventions. CONCLUSION: The findings of the systematic literature review suggest that an appropriate psychosocial intervention could be utilized as evidence-based mental health treatment for children and adolescents after disasters.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Cyclonic Storms , Disasters , Earthquakes , Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing , Fires , First Aid , Implosive Therapy , Mental Health , Parents , Play Therapy , Sample Size , Statistics as Topic , Terrorism , Tornadoes , Tsunamis , Volcanic Eruptions
17.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 97-101, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92895

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) is becoming an issue that needs immediate attention in the United States, especially during this period as more states are adopting the "stand your ground laws to promote worker protection." This study was conducted to investigate how WPV has contributed to an unsafe environment for nurses and nursing assistants who work in long-term medical care facilities. METHODS: A structure questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Three facilities were sampled and 80 nurses and certified nursing assistants participated in the study. Ninety-two percent (n = 74) were female and 8% (n = 6) were male. Approximately 62% were black or African American, approximately 33% were Caucasians, and only 2% were from other ethnicities. RESULTS: We found that 65% of the participants had experienced WPV while 41% believed that management shows little or no concern for their safety. Approximately 23% of respondents believed that reporting supervisor's WPV act is an unsafe action. In addition, 22% of those who reported that they have experienced WPV believed that the work environment is not safe to perform their duties. This significant difference in perception of workplace safety between those who had experienced WPV and those who had not was significant (t = 3.95, df = 158, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: WPV is an epidemic problem that affects all health-care professionals. The findings of this study could help long-term medical care facilities' management identify the areas to focus on mitigating, controlling, and/or eliminating incidents of WPV.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Bullying , Jurisprudence , Nursing , Surveys and Questionnaires , Terrorism , United States , Workplace Violence
18.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 683-692, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137663

ABSTRACT

The level of terrorist threats using chemical, biological, and radiological agents has been continuously increasing, and it is an undeniable truth that these agents are actually in use today. The fact that most chemical, biological, and radiological agents cause skin-related symptoms, and that the skin symptoms are observed at a relatively early stage of the condition, leads to the conclusion that dermatologists could be the first point of contact for potential victims of these agents. It is highly important that first responders are able to recognize symptoms caused by these agents early and react quickly. Therefore, dermatologists do have a responsibility to take on a role in dealing with chemical, biological, and radiological attacks, and pre-equip themselves with professional knowledge in this field. Among the various types of chemical agents, typical examples of agents causing skin-related symptoms are blistering agents, which lead to bullae and necrosis on the skin. Biological agents are classified from Category A to C according to their respective risk factors. The most dangerous Category A agents include anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularemia, and viral hemorrhagic fever, all of which are known to show characteristic skin-related symptoms. Upon exposure to a certain level of radiation, radiological agents can also lead to erythema on the skin. In this article, we will discuss various characteristics and up-to-date treatment methods of potential chemical, biological, and radiological agents to help dermatologists advance their knowledge in this field.


Subject(s)
Anthrax , Biological Factors , Blister , Erythema , Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral , Necrosis , Plague , Risk Factors , Skin , Smallpox , Terrorism , Tularemia , Weapons
19.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 683-692, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137662

ABSTRACT

The level of terrorist threats using chemical, biological, and radiological agents has been continuously increasing, and it is an undeniable truth that these agents are actually in use today. The fact that most chemical, biological, and radiological agents cause skin-related symptoms, and that the skin symptoms are observed at a relatively early stage of the condition, leads to the conclusion that dermatologists could be the first point of contact for potential victims of these agents. It is highly important that first responders are able to recognize symptoms caused by these agents early and react quickly. Therefore, dermatologists do have a responsibility to take on a role in dealing with chemical, biological, and radiological attacks, and pre-equip themselves with professional knowledge in this field. Among the various types of chemical agents, typical examples of agents causing skin-related symptoms are blistering agents, which lead to bullae and necrosis on the skin. Biological agents are classified from Category A to C according to their respective risk factors. The most dangerous Category A agents include anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularemia, and viral hemorrhagic fever, all of which are known to show characteristic skin-related symptoms. Upon exposure to a certain level of radiation, radiological agents can also lead to erythema on the skin. In this article, we will discuss various characteristics and up-to-date treatment methods of potential chemical, biological, and radiological agents to help dermatologists advance their knowledge in this field.


Subject(s)
Anthrax , Biological Factors , Blister , Erythema , Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral , Necrosis , Plague , Risk Factors , Skin , Smallpox , Terrorism , Tularemia , Weapons
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL