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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 33471, 2024 abr. 30. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553341

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O componente hospitalar da Rede de Atenção Psicossocial preconiza o fechamento progressivo de hospitais psiquiátricos e a implementação de leitos de saúde mental em hospital geral, capazes de fornecer atendimento para os casos agudos que necessitem de internação de forma articulada com os demais pontos de atenção da rede. Objetivo: Diante disso, o objetivo do presente artigo foi analisar a distribuição do número de leitos de atenção hospitalar em saúde mental no Rio Grande do Norte entre 2012 e 2022 e apresentar uma proposta de planejamento e avaliação para fortalecer a Rede de Atenção Psicossocial do estado. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo ecológico realizado no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, no período de 2012 a 2022, usando dados secundários sobre as internações, seguido de um estudo propositivo com base em referências de planejamento e avaliação em saúde. Resultados: Observa-se uma redução do número de leitos psiquiátricos ao longo do tempo, mas que não se mostra suficiente e não se traduz em um crescimento satisfatório de leitos de saúde mental em hospital geral. Foram propostas cinco ações com o intuito de fortalecer a Rede de Atenção Psicossocial através da implantação e qualificação de leitos de saúde mental em hospitais gerais. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o movimento de constituição do componente hospitalar da Rede de Atenção Psicossocial do Rio Grande do Norte tem se apresentado em movimento irregular e o número de leitos de saúde mental em hospital geral é insuficiente. Espera-se que as intervenções e avaliações sugeridas possam contribuir para subsidiar importantes encaminhamentos no âmbito das políticas públicas de saúde mental do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil (AU).


Introduction: The hospital component of the Psychosocial Care Network (PCN) advocates the progressive closure of psychiatric hospitals and the implementation of mental health beds in general hospitals, capable of providing care for acute cases that require hospitalization in conjunction with other network attention points. Objective: In view of this, the objective of this article was to analyze the quantitative distribution of hospital mental health care beds in Rio Grande do Norte between 2012 and 2022 and present a planning and evaluation proposal to strengthen the state's PCN. Methodology: This is an ecological study carried out in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from 2012 to 2022 using secondary data on hospitalizations, followed by a proactive study based on health planning and evaluation references. Results:There has been a reduction in the number of psychiatric beds over time, but not sufficient andnot translated into a satisfactory growth in mental health beds in general hospitals. Five actions were proposed with the aim of strengthening the PCN through the implementation and qualification of mental health beds in general hospitals.Conclusion: It is concluded that the movement to establish the hospital component of PCN in Rio Grande do Norte has been irregular and the number of mental health beds in general hospitals is insufficient. It is expected that the suggested interventions and evaluations may contribute to supporting important developments within the scope of public mental health policies in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (AU).


Introducción: El componente hospitalario de la Red de Atención Psicosocial (RAPS) aboga por el cierre progresivo de los hospitales psiquiátricos y la implementación de camas de salud mental en los hospitales generales, capaces de brindar atención a casos agudos que requieran hospitalización en conjunto con otros puntos de atención de la red. Objetivo:Ante esto, el objetivo de este artículo fue analizar la distribución del número de camas hospitalarias de atención a la salud mental en Rio Grande do Norte entre 2012 y 2022 y presentar una propuesta de planificación y evaluación para fortalecer el RAPS del Estado. Metodología:Se trata de un estudio ecológico realizado en el Estado de Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, de 2012 a 2022, utilizando datos secundarios sobre hospitalizaciones, seguido de un estudio propositivo basado en referencias de planificación y evaluación de la salud. Resultados:Hay una reducción en el número de camas psiquiátricas a lo largo del tiempo, pero esto no es suficiente y no se traduce en un crecimiento satisfactorio de camas de salud mental en los hospitales generales. Se propusieron cinco acciones con el objetivo de fortalecer el RAPS a través de la implementación y habilitación de camas de salud mental en hospitales generales. Conclusión:Se concluye que el movimiento para establecer el componente hospitalario del RAPS en Rio Grande do Norte ha sido irregular y el número de camas de salud mental en un hospital general es insuficiente. Se espera que las intervenciones y evaluaciones sugeridas puedan contribuir a apoyar derivaciones importantes dentro del alcance de las políticas públicas de salud mental en Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil (AU).


Subject(s)
Health Evaluation , Mental Health , Health Planning , Mental Health Services , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil/epidemiology , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ecological Studies , Secondary Data Analysis , Hospitals, Psychiatric
2.
São Paulo; s.n; 2024. 224 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553841

ABSTRACT

Justificativa: Desde o início da história, registra-se a presença da figura do palhaço na sociedade, designadamente nos cenários de saúde, onde buscavam levar a arte e a recreação ao processo de tratamento. Entretanto, no século XX, especificamente a partir dos anos 1970, surgiram propostas de trabalho para que essa relação no hospital fosse vinculada à promoção da saúde, de forma integrada e efetiva. Este projeto tem como objetivo avaliar como os palhaços de hospital interferem nas relações hospitalares. O estudo questiona: Como estabelecer relações hospitalares para ampliar a eficácia da intervenção do palhaço? De que forma as relações já existentes entre a organização de palhaços e os hospitais facilitam ou dificultam o acesso aos hospitais? Para responder a estes questionamentos foi utilizada a metodologia de pesquisa qualitativa para a produção de dados através de entrevistas semiestruturadas com integrantes de projetos de palhaços de hospital a nível internacional. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizada a técnica Análise de Conteúdo na modalidade temática de Bardin (2010). Como resultados desta pesquisa estão a compreensão de como são promovidas e mantidas as relações entre as organizações de palhaços e a administração hospitalar, de modo a assegurar a abertura, continuidade, eficácia e reconhecimento do trabalho dos palhaços nesse contexto. Além disso pontua-se a identificação, sistematização e disseminação de práticas, de modo a permitir a sua adoção por outras organizações de palhaços em escala mundial. Como conclusão, foi visualizado o potencial do palhaço de hospital no que diz respeito às relações de gênero e raciais e enquanto instrumento de enfrentamento à colonialidade, principalmente a nível nacional, com respaldo nas políticas do SUS. Mostra-se ainda primordial que o discurso para conhecimento da prática de cuidados dos palhaços promotores da saúde seja compartilhado com os gestores hospitalares, tendo como finalidade promover a qualidade das relações interinstitucionais.


Justification: Since the beginning of history, the presence of clowns in society has been recorded, particularly in healthcare settings, where they sought to bring art and recreation to the treatment process. However, in the 20th century, specifically from the 1970s onwards, proposals emerged to link this relationship in hospital to health promotion, in an integrated and effective way. This project aims to assess how hospital clowns interfere in hospital relationships. The study asks: How can hospital relationships be established to increase the effectiveness of the clown's intervention? How do existing relationships between clown organisations and hospitals facilitate or hinder access to hospitals? To answer these questions, a qualitative research methodology was used to produce data through semi-structured interviews with members of international hospital clown projects. Bardin's (2010) thematic content analysis technique was used to analyse the data. The results of this research include an understanding of how relationships between clown organisations and hospital administration are promoted and maintained in order to ensure the openness, continuity, effectiveness and recognition of clowns' work in this context. In addition, the identification, systematisation and dissemination of practices is highlighted, so that they can be adopted by other clown organisations worldwide. In conclusion, the potential of hospital clowns was visualised with regard to gender and race relations and as an instrument for confronting coloniality, especially at a national level, backed up by SUS policies. It is also essential that the discourse on the care practices of health-promoting clowns is shared with hospital managers, with the aim of promoting the quality of inter-institutional relations.


Justificación: Desde el comienzo de la historia, se ha registrado la presencia de payasos en la sociedad, en particular en el ámbito sanitario, donde buscaban aportar arte y recreación al proceso de tratamiento. Sin embargo, en el siglo XX, concretamente a partir de los años 70, surgieron propuestas para vincular esta relación en el hospital a la promoción de la salud, de forma integrada y eficaz. Este proyecto pretende evaluar cómo los payasos de hospital interfieren en las relaciones hospitalarias. El estudio se pregunta: ¿Cómo se pueden establecer relaciones hospitalarias para aumentar la eficacia de la intervención del payaso? ¿Cómo facilitan o dificultan el acceso a los hospitales las relaciones existentes entre las organizaciones de payasos y los hospitales? Para responder a estas preguntas, se utilizó una metodología de investigación cualitativa para producir datos a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con miembros de proyectos internacionales de payasos de hospital. Para analizar los datos se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido temático de Bardin (2010). Los resultados de esta investigación incluyen la comprensión de cómo se promueven y mantienen las relaciones entre las organizaciones de payasos y la administración hospitalaria con el fin de garantizar la apertura, la continuidad, la eficacia y el reconocimiento del trabajo de los payasos en este contexto. Además, se destaca la identificación, sistematización y difusión de prácticas, para que puedan ser adoptadas por otras organizaciones de payasos en todo el mundo. En conclusión, se visualizó el potencial de los payasos de hospital en lo que se refiere a las relaciones de género y raza y como instrumento de enfrentamiento a la colonialidad, especialmente a nivel nacional, respaldado por las políticas del SUS. También es fundamental que el discurso sobre las prácticas asistenciales de los payasos promotores de salud sea compartido con los gestores hospitalarios, con el objetivo de promover la calidad de las relaciones interinstitucionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Tertiary Healthcare , Laughter Therapy , Health Promotion , Hospital Administration , Hospitals , Unified Health System , Brazil
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202909, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1516363

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La muerte involucra, para los médicos, un análisis complejo que determina su actitud hacia el paciente, principalmente los comportamientos en situaciones de diagnóstico, tratamiento y la relación médico-paciente. Objetivos. 1) Describir las actitudes del personal médico de un hospital pediátrico ante la muerte. 2) Explorar si existen factores asociados a esas actitudes. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal, por encuesta. Se invitó a los médicos de un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, a completar el Cuestionario de actitud ante la muerte (CAM). Se investigaron variables sociodemográficas, categoría profesional y área laboral, haber presenciado la muerte de pacientes, autopercepción de actitud positiva ante la muerte y actitud ante la muerte según CAM. Resultados. Entre el 01 de junio de 2021 y el 01 de junio de 2022 se incluyeron 362 participantes, con edad media de 39,88 (± 11,56) años y experiencia médica asistencial de 14,06 (± 11,97) años. Presentaron actitud positiva 35 (9,67 %). Encontramos significancia estadística para mayor probabilidad de actitud positiva en edad ≥ 40 años (p = 0,02, IC95 % 1,1-3,9), experiencia médica asistencial ≥ 14 años (p = 0,042, IC95 % 1-4,1), creencia religiosa (p = 0,003, IC95 % 1,4-10,5), práctica religiosa activa (p <0,001, IC95 % 1,6-6,9) y autopercepción positiva ante la muerte (p = 0,002, IC95 % 1,7-30,8). Conclusiones. El 9,67 % de los encuestados presentó actitud positiva ante la muerte. Los factores asociados a ella fueron edad ≥ 40 años, experiencia médica asistencial ≥ 14 años, creencia religiosa, práctica religiosa activa y la autopercepción personal de actitud positiva ante la muerte.


Introduction. For physicians, death involves an intricate analysis that determines their attitude towards the patient. Objectives. 1) To describe the attitudes towards death among medical staff working at a children's hospital. 2) To explore factors associated with such attitudes. Population and methods. Cross-sectional, survey study. The physicians working at a tertiary care children's hospital completed the Questionnaire of attitudes towards death (QAD). Sociodemographic variables, professional category, work setting, having witnessed the death of patients, self-perception of a positive attitude towards death, and attitude towards death according to the QAD were studied. Results. Between June 1st, 2021 and June 1st, 2022, 362 participants were included; mean age: 39.88 years (± 11.56), health care experience: 14.06 years (± 11.97). A positive attitude was observed in 35 (9.67%). A statistical significance was observed for a greater probability of a positive attitude among those who were ≥ 40 years old (p = 0.02, 95% CI: 1.1­3.9), had health care experience for ≥ 14 years (p = 0.042, 95% CI: 1­4.1), had a religious belief (p = 0.003, 95% CI: 1.4­10.5), actively practiced their religion (p < 0.001, 95% CI: 1.6­6.9), and had a positive self-perception in the face of death (p = 0.002, 95% CI: 1.7­30.8). Conclusions. A positive attitude towards death was observed in 9.67% of surveyed participants. Associated factors were age ≥ 40 years, health care experience for ≥ 14 years, religious belief, active religious practice, and self-perception of a positive attitude towards death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Attitude of Health Personnel , Tertiary Healthcare , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals
4.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1512176

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a inserção do cirurgião dentista na atenção terciária no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: estudo descritivo ecológico, com uso de dados secundários registrados pelo Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde no ano de 2023. A coleta de dados foi realizada em duas etapas. Na primeira etapa também foram coletados os dados do CNES referentes à presença do cirurgião dentista, tipo de vínculo contratual e especialidades ofertadas pelos serviços. Já na segunda etapa os dados coletados foram referentes aos indicadores sociodemográficos dos profissionais com habilitação em odontologia hospitalar utilizando as informações disponibilizadas pelo Sistema WSCFO do Conselho Federal de Odontologia. A análise dos dados foi realizada com o suporte do software TabWin, versão 3.6, e do software estatístico R v. 4.2.3. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise descritiva. Resultados: apenas 6,11% das instituições são certificadas e consideradas Hospitais de Ensino. A maioria dos estabelecimentos (87,14%) oferece atendimento pelo SUS. Quanto à presença de cirurgiões dentistas nos estabelecimentos, 64,63% dos estabelecimentos relataram tê-los, enquanto 35,37% não possuem esse profissional em sua equipe. Neste estudo, constatamos que uma correlação positiva do cirurgião dentista com o número de leitos de UTI adulto e ao maior porte do hospital. Conclusão: observa-se que ainda há necessidade de estruturação da atenção terciária no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no que se refere à odontologia hospitalar. Há poucos os cirurgiões dentistas com uma carga horária dedicada exclusivamente ao atendimento hospitalar clínico a beira leito.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the inclusion of dental surgeons in tertiary care in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Method: a descriptive ecological study using secondary data recorded by the National Register of Health Establishments in 2023. Data was collected in two stages. In the first stage, data was also collected from the CNES regarding the presence of a dental surgeon, the type of contractual relationship and the specialties offered by the services. In the second stage, data was collected on the sociodemographic indicators of professionals qualified in hospital dentistry using the information provided by the WSCFO System of the Federal Council of Dentistry. The data was analyzed using TabWin software, version 3.6, and R v. 4.2.3 statistical software. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results: only 6.11% of institutions are certified and considered Teaching Hospitals. The majority of establishments (87.14%) provide care through the SUS. As for the presence of dental surgeons in the establishments, 64.63% of the establishments reported having them, while 35.37% did not have this professional on their team. In this study, we found a positive correlation between the number of adult ICU beds and the size of the hospital. Conclusion: There is still a need to structure tertiary care in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in terms of hospital dentistry. There are few dental surgeons with a workload dedicated exclusively to bedside clinical hospital care.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tertiary Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Dental Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Dentists/supply & distribution , Unified Health System , Brazil , Workload , Ecological Studies , Hospital Bed Capacity/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data
5.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 865, 30 Junio 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451331

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La sepsis es un estado de disfunción multisistémica, que se produce por una respuesta desregulada del huésped a la infección. Diversos factores influyen en la gravedad, manifestaciones clínicas y progresión de la sepsis, tales como, heterogeneidad inmunológica y regulación dinámica de las vías de señalización celular. La evolución de los pacientes depende del tratamiento oportuno, las escalas de puntuación clínica permiten saber la mortalidad estimada. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la mortalidad en la unidad de cuidados intensivos; establecer el manejo y la utilidad de aplicar paquetes de medidas o "bundlers" para evitar la progresión a disfunción, fallo multiorgánico y muerte. METODOLOGÍA. Modalidad de investigación tipo revisión sistemática. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos como Google académico, Mendeley, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, revistas como New England Journal Medicine, Critical Care, Journal of the American Medical Association, British Medical Journal. Se obtuvo las guías "Sobreviviendo a la sepsis" actualización 2021, 3 guías internacionales, 10 estudios observacionales, 2 estudios multicéntricos, 5 ensayos aleatorizados, 6 revisiones sistémicas, 5 metaanálisis, 1 reporte de caso clínico, 4 artículos con opiniones de expertos y actualizaciones con el tema mortalidad de la sepsis en UCI con un total de 36 artículos científicos. RESULTADOS. La mortalidad de la sepsis en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, fue menor en el hospital oncológico de Guayaquil, seguido de Australia, Alemania, Quito, Francia, Estados Unidos de Norteamérica y Vietnan, La mortalidad más alta se observa en pacientes con enfermedades del tejido conectivo. DISCUSIÓN. La aplicación de los paquetes de medidas o "bundlers" en la sepsis, se asocia con una mejor supervivencia y menores días de estancia hospitalaria. CONCLUSIÓN. Las escalas SOFA, APACHE II y SAPS II ayudan a predecir la mortalidad de forma eficiente, en la detección y el tratamiento temprano en pacientes con enfermedades agudas y de alto riesgo.


INTRODUCTION. Sepsis is a state of multisystem dysfunction, which is caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Several factors influence the severity, clinical manifestations and progression of sepsis, such as immunological heterogeneity and dynamic regulation of cell signaling pathways. The evolution of patients depends on timely treatment, clinical scoring scales allow to know the estimated mortality. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate mortality in the intensive care unit; to establish the management and usefulness of applying bundlers to prevent progression to dysfunction, multiorgan failure and death. METHODOLOGY. Systematic review type research modality. A bibliographic search was carried out in databases such as Google Scholar, Mendeley, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, journals such as New England Journal Medicine, Critical Care, Journal of the American Medical Association, British Medical Journal. We obtained the guidelines "Surviving Sepsis" update 2021, 3 international guidelines, 10 observational studies, 2 multicenter studies, 5 randomized trials, 6 systemic reviews, 5 meta-analyses, 1 clinical case report, 4 articles with expert opinions and updates on the subject of sepsis mortality in ICU with a total of 36 scientific articles. RESULTS. The mortality of sepsis in the intensive care unit, was lower in the oncological hospital of Guayaquil, followed by Australia, Germany, Quito, France, United States of America and Vietnam, The highest mortality is observed in patients with connective tissue diseases. DISCUSSION. The application of bundlers in sepsis is associated with better survival and shorter days of hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS. The SOFA, APACHE II and SAPS II scales help to predict mortality efficiently in the early detection and treatment of patients with acute and high-risk disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tertiary Healthcare , Hospital Mortality , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Sepsis , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Intensive Care Units , Vasodilator Agents , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Candida glabrata , Candida tropicalis , Ecuador , Hypotension , Immunosuppressive Agents , Multiple Organ Failure
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 862, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451458

ABSTRACT

de la deglución, los cuales representan todas las alteraciones del proceso fisiológico encargado de llevar el alimento desde la boca al esófago y después al estómago, salvaguardando siempre la protección de las vías respiratorias. OBJETIVO. Definir el manejo óptimo, de la disfagia en pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por COVID-19. METODOLOGÍA. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica en las bases de datos PubMed y Elsevier que relacionan el manejo de la disfagia y pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por SARS-CoV-2. Se obtuvo un universo de 134 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de búsqueda. Se seleccionaron 24 documentos, para ser considerados en este estudio. RESULTADOS. La incidencia de disfagia posterior a infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 23,14%, siendo la disfagia leve la más frecuente 48,0%. Los tratamientos clínicos más empleados en el manejo de la disfagia fueron rehabilitación oral y cambio de textura en la dieta en el 77,23% de los casos, mientras que el único tratamiento quirúrgico empleado fue la traqueotomía 37,31%. Un 12,68% de pacientes recuperó su función deglutoria sin un tratamiento específico. La eficacia de los tratamientos clínicos y quirúrgicos en los pacientes sobrevivientes de la infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 80,68%, con una media en el tiempo de resolución de 58 días. CONCLUSIÓN. La anamnesis es clave para el diagnóstico de disfagia post COVID-19. El tratamiento puede variar, desde un manejo conservador como cambios en la textura de la dieta hasta tratamientos más invasivos como traqueotomía para mejorar la función deglutoria.


INTRODUCTION. The difficulty to swallow or dysphagia is included within the problems of swallowing, which represent all the alterations of the physiological process in charge of carrying the food from the mouth to the esophagus, and then to the stomach, always taking into account the protection of the airways. OBJECTIVE. To define the optimal management, both clinical and surgical, for the adequate treatment of dysphagia produced as a consequence of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODOLOGY. A review of the scientific literature was carried out using both PubMed and Elsevier databases, which relate the management of dysphagia and patients with a history of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS. The incidence of dysphagia following severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was of 23,14%, with mild dysphagia being the most frequent 48,00%. The most frequently used clinical treatments for dysphagia management were oral rehabilitation and change in dietary texture in 77,23% of cases, while tracheotomy was the only surgical treatment used 37,31%. A total of 12,68% of patients recovered their swallowing function without specific treatment. The efficacy of clinical and surgical treatments in survivors of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was 80,68%, with a mean resolution time of 58 days. CONCLUSION. An adequate medical history is key to the diagnosis of post-COVID-19 dysphagia. Treatment can range from conservative management such as changes in diet texture to more invasive treatments such as tracheotomy to improve swallowing function.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial , Tracheotomy , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition/physiology , COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Speech , Tertiary Healthcare , Pulmonary Medicine , Deglutition Disorders , Respiratory Mechanics , Enteral Nutrition , Aerophagy , Dysgeusia , Ecuador , Exercise Therapy , Pathologists , Gastroenterology , Anosmia , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal
7.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 905, 30 Junio 2023. tabs., grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451755

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La paradoja de la obesidad propone que, en determinadas enfermedades, los enfermos con obesidad tienen menor mortalidad. OBJETIVO. Asociar el índice de masa corporal con la mortalidad a 30 días en adultos con choque séptico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, multicéntrico. Se analizaron 673 pacientes con choque séptico, ingresados en terapia intensiva de dos hospitales de la ciudad de la ciudad de Quito ­ Ecuador, durante enero 2017 - diciembre 2019. Criterios de inclusión: Mayores a 18 años, choque séptico, registro de peso, talla y condición vital al día 30. Criterios de exclusión: Orden de no reanimación, embarazadas, protocolo de donación de órganos, cuidados paliativos. Las variables se recolectaron a partir de las historias clínicas digitales y físicas de los centros participantes. Las estimaciones de riesgo calculadas se presentaron como OR (Odds Ratio) en el análisis bivariado y OR Adj (OR ajustado) para el análisis multivariado. Un valor de p <0.05 se consideró estadísticamente significativo. Todos los análisis estadísticos se realizaron usando el software estadístico R® (Versión 4.1.2). RESULTADOS. La edad promedio fue de 65 años, índice de masa corporal promedio 25,9 Kg/m2 (+4,9 Kg/m2). El 54,3% tuvo índice de masa corporal > 25 Kg/m2. La mortalidad general fue 49.2%. Sujetos con sobrepeso y obesidad tuvieron menor mortalidad, OR: 0,48 (IC 95%: 0.34, 0.68; p <0.0001) y OR 0.45 (IC 95 %: 0.28, 0.70; p =0.001) respectivamente, con similar tendencia en el análisis multivariado. Los sujetos con peso bajo tuvieron la mayor mortalidad (OR: 2.12. IC 95%: 0.91 - 5.54. p: 0.097). DISCUSIÓN. Los resultados obtenidos apoyan la teoría de paradoja de obesidad, sin embargo, no se realizó evaluación según los niveles de obesidad. CONCLUSIÓN. La mortalidad en choque séptico es menor en sujetos con sobrepeso y obesidad comparada con sujetos con peso normal o bajo peso.


The obesity paradox proposes that, in certain diseases, patients with obesity have lower mortality. OBJECTIVE. To associate body mass index with 30-day mortality in adults with septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, analytical, retrospective, multicenter, retrospective study. We analyzed 673 patients with septic shock, admitted to intensive care in two hospitals in the city of Quito - Ecuador, during January 2017 - December 2019. Inclusion criteria: older than 18 years, septic shock, weight, height and vital condition at day 30. Exclusion criteria: Do not resuscitate order, pregnant women, organ donation protocol, palliative care. Variables were collected from the digital and physical medical records of the participating centers. Calculated risk estimates were presented as OR (Odds Ratio) in bivariate analysis and OR Adj (adjusted OR) for multivariate analysis. A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. All statistical analyses were performed using R® statistical software (Version 4.1.2). RESULTS. The mean age was 65 years, mean body mass index 25.9 kg/m2 (+4.9 kg/m2). Body mass index > 25 kg/m2 was 54.3%. Overall mortality was 49.2%. Overweight and obese subjects had lower mortality, OR: 0.48 (95% CI: 0.34, 0.68; p<0.0001) and OR 0.45 (95 % CI: 0.28, 0.70; p=0.001) respectively, with similar trend in multivariate analysis. Underweight subjects had the highest mortality (OR: 2.12. 95% CI: 0.91 - 5.54. p: 0.097). DISCUSSION. The results obtained support the obesity paradox theory, however, assessment according to obesity levels was not performed. CONCLUSIONS. Mortality in septic shock is lower in overweight and obese subjects compared to normal weight or underweight subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Shock, Septic , Body Mass Index , Mortality , Critical Care , Focal Infection , Obesity , Bacterial Infections , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Tertiary Healthcare , APACHE , Ecuador , Overweight , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Protective Factors , Obesity Paradox , Intensive Care Units
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 58-66, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441350

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the spinopelvic alignment in patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture (TBF) without neurological deficit treated nonsurgically and surgically in a tertiary reference trauma hospital. Method Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients with single level, type A3 and A4 AOSpine TBF only of the thoracolumbar region. Analysis of clinical data, low back pain (visual analogue scale [VAS]), Denis Pain Scale, quality of life (SF-36), sagittal (TC, TLC, LL, SVA) and spinopelvic (IP, PV, SI, PI-LL) radiographic parameters of patients treated surgically and nonsurgically. Results A total of 50 individuals with an average age of 50 years old with a mean follow-up of 109 months (minimum of 19 and maximum of 306 months) were evaluated. There was a significant difference between treatments for the Denis Work Scale (p= 0.046) in favor of nonsurgical treatment. There was no significant difference between the treatments for lower back pain VAS and Denis Pain Scale (p= 0.468 and p= 0.623). There was no significant difference between treatments in any of the domains evaluated with the SF-36 (p> 0.05). Radiographic parameters were not different between the analyzed groups; however, all radiographic parameters showed significant difference between the population considered asymptomatic, except for pelvic incidence (p< 0.005). Conclusions The spinopelvic alignment was normal in patients with TBF without neurological deficit treated nonsurgically and surgically after a minimum follow-up of 19 months. However, they presented a higher mean pelvic version and discrepancy between lumbar lordosis and pelvic incidence when compared with the reference values of the Brazilian population.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o alinhamento espinopélvico em pacientes com fratura toracolombar do tipo explosão (FTE) sem déficit neurológico tratados de forma não operatória e operatória em um hospital terciário de referência em trauma. Método Estudo transversal retrospectivo de pacientes com FTE apenas da região toracolombar, de nível único, do tipo A3 e A4 AOSpine. Análise de dados clínicos, dor lombar (escala visual analógica [EVA]), Escala de Denis, qualidade de vida (SF-36), parâmetros radiográficos sagitais (cifose torácica [CT], cifose toracolombar [CTL], lordose lombar [LL] e eixo vertical sagital [EVS]) e espinopélvicos (incidência pélvica [IP], versão pélvica [VP], inclinação sacral [IS] e a discrepância entre incidência pélvica e lordose lombar [IP-LL]) de pacientes tratados de forma operatória e não operatória. Resultados O presente estudo avaliou um total de 50 indivíduos com uma média de 50 anos de idade com acompanhamento médio de 109 meses (mínimo de 19 e máximo de 306 meses). Houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos para Denis trabalho (p= 0,046) a favor do tratamento não operatório. Não houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos para EVA dor lombar e Denis dor (p= 0,468 e p= 0,623). Não houve diferença significante entre os tratamentos em nenhum dos domínios avaliados do SF-36 (p> 0,05). Parâmetros radiográficos não se mostraram diferentes entre os grupos analisados; contudo, todos os parâmetros radiográficos mostraram diferença significante entre a população considerada assintomática, com exceção da incidência pélvica (p< 0,005). Conclusões O alinhamento espinopélvico foi normal em pacientes com FTE sem déficit neurológico tratados de forma não operatória e operatória, após acompanhamento mínimo de 19 meses. Entretanto, estes pacientes apresentaram maior média de versão pélvica e de discrepância entre lordose lombar e incidência pélvica quando comparados com os valores de referência da população brasileira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Curvatures , Spinal Injuries , Tertiary Healthcare , Spinal Fractures
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102550, feb. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1412904

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las unidades de cuidados intensivos pediátricos, se utiliza gran cantidad de medicamentos, muchos prescritos fuera de las condiciones establecidas en su ficha técnica (prescripciones off-label y unlicensed). El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el uso de medicamentos y estimar la prevalencia de fármacos off-label y unlicensed en una unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos de un hospital de tercer nivel español. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal, observacional, de una cohorte de niños ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos. El estudio se llevó a cabo en 2017. Se revisó cada fármaco prescrito, sus condiciones de uso y administración. Además, se analizaron las fichas técnicas de los fármacos implicados con la finalidad de identificar si el uso de los medicamentos se realizaba según sus condiciones de autorización, o bien se hacía fuera de prospecto (off-label) o como unlicensed. Resultados. La muestra fue de 97 pacientes. El 74,2 % (n = 72) de los pacientes recibieron algún fármaco off-label o unlicensed. El 23,8 % (n = 243) de las prescripciones fueron off-label y el 8,7 % (n = 89), unlicensed. El subanálisis realizado por grupos de edad mostró que el grupo de edad que recibió mayor número de prescripciones totales (n = 611) y el mayor porcentaje de fármacos prescritos en condiciones off-label y/o unlicensed (38,4 %) fue el de menores de 2 años. Conclusiones. La prescripción de fármacos off-label y/o unlicensed es una práctica habitual en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos. Este estudio permite documentar la complejidad de la terapéutica en niños.


Introduction. In pediatric intensive care units, a large number of drugs are used, many of which are prescribed for condition beyond those established in their summary of product characteristics (off-label and unlicensed drug prescriptions). The objective of this study was to describe drug use and estimate the prevalence of off-label and unlicensed drugs in a pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care Spanish hospital. Population and methods. Cross-sectional, observational study with a single cohort of children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit. The study was conducted in 2017. Each drug prescription, its conditions of use and administration were reviewed. In addition, the summary of product characteristics of drugs used were analyzed in order to identify whether they were used according to their conditions of authorization, or whether they were used in an off-label or unlicensed manner. Results. The sample included 97 patients. At least one off-label or unlicensed drug was administered to 74.2% (n = 72) of patients; 23.8% (n = 243) corresponded to off-label prescriptions and 8.7% (n = 89), unlicensed prescriptions. A sub-analysis by age group showed that the age group that received a higher number of total prescriptions (n = 611) and a higher percentage of off-label and/or unlicensed drug prescriptions (38.4%) was under 2 years of age. Conclusions. Off-label and/or unlicensed drug prescription is a common practice in the pediatric intensive care unit. This study allowed us to document the complexity of therapeutics in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Off-Label Use , Tertiary Healthcare , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Hospitals
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202202592, feb. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1412906

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Bartonella henselae es el agente etiológico de la enfermedad por arañazo de gato. Afecta a niños y a adultos jóvenes. El espectro clínico es amplio; la forma de presentación más frecuente es la linfadenopatía única. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar epidemiología, características clínicas y evolución de esta enfermedad en un hospital de alta complejidad de Argentina. Población y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y observacional realizado en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel, desde el 01 de enero de 2019 hasta el 30 de junio de 2021. Se incluyeron niños de 0 a 16 años con clínica compatible y serología positiva. Resultados. Se incluyeron 150 niños, con una media de edad de 7,9 años ± 3,68. El 68,7 % refirió tener contacto con gatos. El motivo de consulta más frecuente fueron las adenopatías únicas (84,7 %) localizadas en cabeza y cuello. El síndrome febril sin foco motivó la consulta en el 15,5 % de los casos, con ecografía abdominal patológica en el 85,7 %. Presentó IgM e IgG positivas el 88 %. Con el resultado de la serología positiva, el 44 % recibió tratamiento antibiótico. Las adenopatías prolongadas fueron la principal causa de su instauración; el más utilizado fue la azitromicina (42,4 %). El 14 % (n = 21) requirió internación. Conclusiones. El diagnóstico implica sospecha clínica, nexo epidemiológico y exámenes complementarios. Su forma típica son las adenomegalias únicas localizadas en cabeza y cuello. Debido a la alta frecuencia de compromiso hepatoesplénico, la realización de ecografía abdominal estaría indicada en niños con fiebre.


Introduction. Bartonella henselae is the etiologic agent in cat-scratch disease. It affects children and young adults. The clinical spectrum is wide; the most common clinical presentation is a solitary lymphadenopathy. The objective of this study was to analyze the epidemiology, clinical features, and course of this disease in a tertiary care hospital in Argentina. Population and methods. Retrospective, descriptive, and observational study conducted at a tertiary care pediatric hospital from January 1st, 2019 to June 30 th, 2021. Children aged 0 to 16 years with compatible clinical signs and symptoms and positive serology were included. Results. A total of 150 patients were included; their mean age was 7.9 years ± 3.68. Of them, 68.7% reported having contact with cats. The most common reason for consultation was the presence of solitary lymphadenopathies (84.7%) in the head and neck. Febrile syndrome without source was the reason for consultation in 15.5% of cases, with a pathological abdominal ultrasound scan in 85.7%. IgM and IgG were positive in 88%. With the result of a positive serology test, 44% received antibiotic treatment. Protracted lymphadenopathy was the main reason for antibiotic treatment; the agent most commonly used was azithromycin (42.4%). Fourteen percent (n = 21) required hospitalization. Conclusions. Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, epidemiological history, and complementary testing. Its typical presentation is a solitary enlarged lymph node in the head and neck. Due to the high frequency of hepatosplenic involvement, an abdominal ultrasound scan would be indicated in children with fever.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/epidemiology , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Lymphadenopathy/etiology , Lymphadenopathy/epidemiology , Tertiary Healthcare , Cats , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 16(3): 87-90, 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451975

ABSTRACT

La hipertrigliceridemia severa es una de las principales causas etiológicas de la pancreatitis aguda, donde la literatura internacional la posiciona como la tercera causa. Sus causas gatillantes, comorbilidades, severidad y evolución son importantes de conocer para evitar futuros episodios. En Chile, a nuestro entender, no tenemos literatura sobre esta asociación, por lo que presentamos datos de un hospital terciario, destacando 15 casos de pancreatitis aguda en 5 años de estudio, casi la mitad de ellos con antecedentes previos de hipertrigliceridemia, un porcentaje importante de los casos con cuadros graves y con complicaciones intrahospitalarias y que la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 fue la principal condición asociada a la hipertrigliceridemia severa.


Severe hypertriglyceridaemia is one of the main aetiological causes of acute pancreatitis, with international literature ranking it as the third leading cause. Its triggering causes, comorbidities, severity and evolution are important to know in order to avoid future episodes. In Chile, to our knowledge, we have no literature on this association, so we present data from a tertiary hospital, highlighting 15 cases of acute pancreatitis in 5 years of study, almost half of them with a previous history of hypertriglyceridaemia, a significant percentage of cases with severe symptoms and in-hospital complications, and that type 2 diabetes mellitus was the main condition associated with severe hypertriglyceridaemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pancreatitis/etiology , Pancreatitis/epidemiology , Hypertriglyceridemia/complications , Tertiary Healthcare , Retrospective Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
12.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2755, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513728

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo desenvolver e validar o conteúdo de um protocolo de decanulação para crianças traqueostomizadas crônicas, na faixa etária de 0 a 12 anos. Métodos pesquisa metodológica realizada em quatro etapas: (1) submissão do projeto ao comitê de ética em pesquisa; (2) revisão sistemática da literatura; (3) elaboração do protocolo clínico; (4) avaliação da qualidade das informações com especialistas. A fase de elaboração seguiu as recomendações do Guia para a Construção de Protocolos Assistenciais do Conselho Regional de Enfermagem - COREN - SP. A qualidade do protocolo foi avaliada por oito especialistas em pediatria, por meio do Appraisal of Guidelines Research & Evaluation (AGREE II). Considerou-se a adequabilidade aceitável do protocolo igual ou superior a 78% de concordância entre os especialistas. Resultados a partir da revisão sistemática, foram elencadas cinco recomendações para compor o protocolo de decanulação da traqueostomia em crianças, representado em um fluxograma. A adequabilidade do protocolo variou entre 81,94% e 95,83%, com avaliação global de 93,75%. Todos os especialistas recomendaram o protocolo como adequado para utilização nos serviços de saúde. Conclusão o protocolo de decanulação para crianças traqueostomizadas crônicas foi considerado válido e adequado em seu conteúdo. Recomenda-se a realização de pesquisas futuras com delineamentos randomizados, nessa população, para avaliar o impacto do uso do protocolo e o seu custo-efetividade nos serviços de saúde.


ABSTRACT Purpose To develop and validate a decannulation protocol for chronically tracheostomized children aged 0-12 years. Methods This methodological study was conducted in four stages: (1) submission of the project to the research ethics committee, (2) systematic review of the literature, (3) preparation of the clinical protocol, and (4) evaluation of the quality of information with specialists. The preparation phase followed the recommendations of the Guide for the Construction of Assistance Protocols. The quality of the protocol was evaluated by eight pediatric specialists using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II). An acceptable suitability of the protocol was considered when there was a 78% or greater agreement among the specialists. Results Based on this systematic review, five recommendations were listed to compose the protocol for decannulating tracheostomy in children represented in a flowchart. The suitability of the protocol varied between 81.94 and 95.83%, with an overall assessment rate of 93.75%. All specialists recommended an appropriate protocol for use in healthcare services. Conclusion The decannulation protocol for chronic children is valid and adequate. Future research with randomized designs is recommended for this population to assess the impact of the use of the protocol and its cost-effectiveness for health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Health Care , Tracheostomy , Health Personnel , Patient Safety , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil
13.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 23(3): 734-740, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512032

ABSTRACT

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment program has grown exponentially in Nigeria largely due to improved Antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen which has changed the course of HIV/AIDs by enabling patients to live longer, raising concern of the co-existence of HIV with other chronic illnesses, notably non communicable diseases (NCDs). This study determined the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus among HIV positive patients in a tertiary institution in Makurdi, North-central Nigeria.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the ART clinic among clients ≥ aged 21 years old living with HIV /or enrolled between October 2022, and March 30, 2023. The clients' information was extracted from the register using a Proforma and all the clients who had attended their follow up clinic visit within the study period were included in the study. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Categorical data were presented as frequencies and percentages. Results: Among the 491 patients, 404 (82.3%) had HIV only and 87 (17.7%) had HIV and at least one comorbidity, namely DM and/or HTN. Hypertension was the most prevalent comorbidity affecting 15.5% of the patients while 1.0% of them were diabetic. The middle aged (30-49) patients, females (63.2%) had the highest prevalence of comorbidities and some of those with normal weight (35.6%) also had the highest prevalence of NCDs.Conclusion: Non-communicable diseases are common among people living with HIV. There is need to encourage early diagnosis and treatment of non-communicable diseases in HIV positive patients in Nigeria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tertiary Healthcare , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Diabetes Mellitus , Prevalence , HIV , Noncommunicable Diseases , Hypertension
14.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(4): 923-932, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: measuring the prevalence of interventions and/or complications based on the Maternity Safety Thermometer (MST) criteria and verifying associations with sociodemographic, clinical, and obstetric factors. Methods: prospective observational study conducted with postpartum women admitted to the maternity ward of a tertiary hospital, from October 10th to December 30th, 2020. Data were collected from medical records and self-administered questionnaires from 260 patients. Results: harm-free care was detected in 17.7% of participants, 66.9% had low-temperature damage (one or less intervention/complication) and 33.1% of patients had elevated temperature damage (two or more intervention/complication). The most frequent intervention was the "scar", given that 38.5% had abdominal scarring (cesarean section) and 26.5% had perineal scarring (2nd-degree tear or greater - spontaneous or by episiotomy). The second most frequent MST item was related to the perception of safety (30%), followed by complications to the newborn (12.3%), infection (11.2%), and hemorrhage (9.2%). Factors related to high temperature were: being of social class A or B, having a previous cesarean section, and being hospitalized during pregnancy. Conclusions: one-third of the participating women had two or more complications/interventions (high temperature by the MST), factors that are related to this temperature were: being of social class A or B, having a previous cesarean section, and being hospitalized during pregnancy.


Resumo Objetivos: mensurar a prevalência de intervenções e/ou complicações a partir dos critérios estabelecidos pelo Termômetro de Segurança da Maternidade (TSM) e avaliar associações com fatores sociodemográficos, clínicos e obstétricos. Métodos: estudo observacional prospectivo realizado com puérperas internadas na maternidade de hospital terciário, de 10 de outubro a 30 de dezembro de 2020. Foram coletados dados do prontuário e de questionários autoaplicáveis de 260 pacientes. Resultados: um cuidado livre de intervenções/complicações foi detectado em 17,7% das participantes, 66,9% apresentaram baixa temperatura (até uma intervenção/complicação) e 33,1% tiveram alta temperatura de intervenções/complicações (2 ou mais). A intervenção mais frequente foi a denominada "cicatriz", sendo que 38,5% tiveram cicatriz abdominal (cesariana) e 26,5% tiveram "cicatriz" perineal (laceração de 2º grau ou mais - espontânea ou por episiotomia). O segundo dano mais frequente foi o relacionado à percepção de segurança (30%), seguido de complicações do recémnascido (12,3%), infecção (11,2%), e hemorragia (9,2%). Houve associação de ter alta temperatura com ser de classe social A ou B, ter cesárea anterior e ser internada na gestação. Conclusões: das mulheres participantes, um terço teve duas ou mais complicações/intervenções (alta temperatura no TSM), estiveram relacionados a essa temperatura: ser de classe social A ou B, ter cesárea anterior e ser internada ao longo da gestação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Maternal-Child Health Services , Patient Safety , COVID-19 , Hospitals, Maternity , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Midwifery , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Sociodemographic Factors
15.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 605-613, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420592

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Regional anesthesia has been increasingly used. Despite its low number of complications, they are associated with relevant morbidity. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of complications after neuraxial block and peripheral nerve block. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted, and data related to patients submitted to neuraxial block and peripheral nerve block at a tertiary university hospital from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017 were analyzed. Results From 10,838 patients referred to Acute Pain Unit, 1093(10.1%) had side effects or complications: 1039 (11.4%) submitted to neuraxial block and 54 (5.2%) to peripheral nerve block. The most common side effects after neuraxial block were sensory (48.5%) or motor deficits (11.8%), nausea or vomiting (17.5%) and pruritus (8.0%); The most common complications: 3 (0.03%) subcutaneous cell tissue hematoma, 3 (0.03%) epidural abscesses and 1 (0.01%) arachnoiditis. 204 of these patients presented sensory or motor deficits at hospital discharge and needed follow-up. Permanent peripheral nerve injury after neuraxial block had an incidence of 7.7:10,000 (0.08%). The most common side effects after peripheral nerve block were sensory deficits (52%) and 21 patients maintained follow-up due to symptoms persistence after hospital discharge. Conclusion Although we found similar incidences of side effects or even lower than those described, major complications after neuraxial block had a higher incidence, particularly epidural abscesses. Despite this, other serious complications, such as spinal hematoma and permanent peripheral nerve injury, are still rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Pain/etiology , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/etiology , Anesthesia, Conduction/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Epidural/adverse effects , Tertiary Healthcare , Retrospective Studies , Abscess/complications , Hematoma/etiology , Hospitals
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 248-256, Agosto 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371822

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El seno dérmico cefálico es un tractotubular formado por una separación incompleta entre el ectodermo neural y el ectodermo epitelial;puede tener complicaciones infecciosas. Existen reportes aislados de esta patología. Objetivo: describir una serie de pacientescon seno dérmico craneal, las formas depresentación, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Población y métodos. Estudio observacionaldescriptivo de una serie de pacientes pediátricos con seno dérmico cefálico atendidos en unhospital pediátrico de nivel III entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados. se incluyeron 18 pacientes. La clínicade presentación fue, en 12 casos, una lesión puntual en el cuero cabelludo, hipertensiónendocraneana en 4 casos, ataxia en 1 caso y lesión puntual con fístula en 1 caso. La mitad presentó síntomas de infección. La localización fue en la línea media sobre el hueso occipital en 13 casos, en la línea media sobre el hueso frontal en 3 casos y en la línea media interparietal en 2 casos. En 5 casos se encontró asociada una imagen extracraneana y, en 11 casos, una complicación intracraneana. Ningún paciente presentó recidiva de la lesión y en todos se realizó un solo procedimiento quirúrgico. Conclusiones. Los senos dérmicos en esta serie se presentaron como lesiones puntuales en cuerocabelludo. La localización más frecuente fue a nivel occipital sobre línea media y, en más de la mitad, atravesaba el hueso. El tratamiento de elección fue la exéresis completa del seno dérmicoy las lesiones asociadas. Ante la presencia de senos dérmicos sintomáticos o asociados alesiones intracraneanas, la cirugía se realizó de urgencia.


Introduction. A cranial dermal sinus is a tubular tract resulting from the incomplete separation of the epithelial ectoderm from the neuroectoderm which may lead to infectious complicationsThere have been isolated reports of this condition. Objective. To describe a series of patients with cranial dermal sinus, its presentation, diagnosis, management, and complications. Population and methods. Observational,descriptive study of a series of pediatric patients with cranial dermal sinus treated at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2014 and 2019. Results. A total of 18 patients were included. Theclinical presentation was a specific lesion on the scalp in 12 cases, intracranial hypertension in 4, ataxia in 1, and a specific lesion with fistula tract in 1. Half of patients had symptoms of infection. The lesion was located in the midline of the occipital bone in 13 cases; in the midline of the frontal bone in 3 cases; and in the interparietal midline in 2 cases. The dermal sinus was associated with anextracranial image in 5 cases and an intracranial complication in 11 cases. No patient hadrecurrence and only one surgery was performed in all of them. Conclusions. In this series, dermal sinusespresented as specific lesions on the scalp. The most common site was the occipital midline, and more than 50% of these extended through the bone. The treatment of choice was complete resection of dermal sinus and associated lesions. An emergency surgery was performed when the dermal sinus was symptomatic or associated with intracranial lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Spina Bifida Occulta/surgery , Spina Bifida Occulta/complications , Spina Bifida Occulta/diagnosis , Tertiary Healthcare , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hospitals
17.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 748, 30 Junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401329

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con fibrosis quística pediátricos, del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, fueron atendidos en modalidad virtual y presencial continua durante la pandemia COVID 19, lo que contribuyó a mantener parámetros adecuados en espirometrías, función pulmonar y estado nutricional, a la vez que disminuyó el número de hospitalizaciones por exacerbación respiratoria.


Pediatric cystic fibrosis patients, from the Hospital of Specialty Carlos Andrade Marín, were treated virtually and continuously during the COVID 19 pandemic, this together with isolation, contributed to maintaining adequate parameters in their lung function and nutritional status, at the same time as hospitalizations for respiratory exacerbation decreased.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pediatrics , Recurrence , Telemedicine , Coronavirus Infections , Remote Consultation , Cystic Fibrosis , Tertiary Healthcare , Pulmonary Medicine , Rare Diseases , Ecuador , COVID-19
18.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 719, 30 Junio 2022. ilus, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402501

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo es una técnica recientemente incluida en las guías de manejo de bradicardias sintomáticas. CASOS CLÍNICOS. Se describen 4 casos de pacientes sometidos a estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo de la unidad de Hemodinámica del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, con indicaciones diversas. DISCUSIÓN. El tiempo medio de permanencia con el cable activo y el marcapaso externalizado fue 23 días. No hubo complicaciones del procedimiento. Un paciente falleció por causas no relacionadas con la estimulación y 2 se recuperaron en sus domicilios. CONCLUSIÓN. La técnica de estimulación temporal utilizando marcapasos permanentes recuperados se muestra extremadamente útil para mantener un marcapaso cardíaco seguro, incluso ambulatorio y por largo tiempo, hasta el implante de dispositivos definitivos. Su limitación es la factibilidad de hacerlo solo en centros de tercer nivel.


INTRODUCTION. Long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and permanent external pacemaker is a technique recently included in the guidelines for the management of symptomatic bradycardias. CLINICAL CASES. We describe 4 cases of patients who underwent long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and external permanent pacemaker at the Hemodynamics Unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, with different indications. DISCUSSION. The mean length of stay with the active lead and externalized pacemaker was 23 days. There were no procedural complications. One patient died of causes unrelated to pacing and 2 recovered at home. CONCLUSIONS. The technique of temporary pacing using retrieved permanent pacemakers is extremely useful for maintaining safe cardiac pacing, even on an outpatient basis and for a long period of time, until implantation of definitive devices. Its limitation is the feasibility of doing it only in third level centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pacemaker, Artificial , Bradycardia , Cardiology , Heart , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Prostheses and Implants , Tertiary Healthcare , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Advanced Cardiac Life Support , Ecuador , Endocarditis , Hospital Care , Heart Arrest , Heart Ventricles , Anti-Bacterial Agents
19.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 107-115, abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el costo económico del tratamiento de cáncer de mama (CM) y el aumento en su incidencia y prevalencia desafía la estabilidad financiera de cualquier sistema de salud. Objetivo: determinar los costos médicos directos (CMD) del tratamiento de CM y los factores asociados a estos costos. Material y métodos: evaluación económica parcial en una cohorte retrospectiva de 160 pacientes con diagnóstico conf irmado de CM. Se consideraron CMD desde la perspectiva del IMSS. Se utilizó análisis de bootstrapping para tratar incertidumbre y el modelo lineal generalizado para identificar factores asociados a costos. Resultados: el costo promedio anual (CPA) del tratamiento de CM fue de $ 251,018 pesos. En estadio 1, $ 116,123; estadio II, $ 242,132; estadio III, $ 287,946, y estadio IV, $ 358,792 pesos. El CPA fue mayor en progresión del CM ($ 380,117 frente a no progresión $ 172,897), y en pacientes que fallecieron durante el seguimiento ($ 357,579) frente a aquellas que sobrevivieron ($ 218,699). Conclusiones: el CPA del tratamiento de CM fue de $ 251,018 pesos. Los CMD aumentan significativamente conforme las pacientes presentan estadios más avanzados de la enfermedad. Los factores asociados al CMD fueron edad, estadios II, III y la progresión del CM.


Background: The economic cost of breast cancer (BC) treatment and the increase in incidence and prevalence challenges the financial stability of any healthcare system. Objective: To determine direct medical costs (DMC) of BC treatment and factors associated with DMC. Material and methods: Partial economic evaluation in a retrospective cohort of 160 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of BC. DMC was considered from the IMSS perspective. Bootstrapping analysis was used to deal with uncertainty and generalized linear model to identify factors associated with DCM Results: The total average annual cost of BC treatment was $251,018 mexican pesos. In clinical stage I was $116,123, stage II $242,132, stage III $287,946, and stage IV $358,792 pesos. In progression disease, DMC were more elevate ($380,117) vs. without progression ($172,897), (p < 0.0001). In patients who died, DMC were $357,579 mexican pesos compared to those who survived ($218,699) (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The average annual cost of CM treatment was $251,018 pesos. DMCs increase significantly as patients present more advanced stages of the disease. Factors associated with costs were age, stages II, III and the progression of BC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tertiary Healthcare/economics , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Costs and Cost Analysis , Social Security/economics , Breast Neoplasms/economics , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Cost of Illness , Mexico , Neoplasm Staging/economics
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(1): 79-86, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376213

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to compare the intrauterine and postnatal growth of preterm infants according to the Intergrowth-21st and Fenton curves. Methods: study carried out in a maternity hospital, reference in high-risk pregnancy, with preterm infants born in 2018 who were hospitalized in the neonatal units of the institution. Preterm newborns weighed at least twice after birth were included in the sample and those that were syndromic, malformed or presented fluid retention were excluded. Proportions and means were compared using Pearson's chi-square and Student's t tests for paired samples, respectively. The McNemar test was used to compare categorical variables and the Kappa test to verify the degree of agreement between birth weight classifications obtained by the curves. Results: one hundred and fifty three infants with a median gestational age of 34.4 weeks were included. The incidences of the categories of nutritional status at birth did not differ between the curves. There was perfect agreement between the curves, except when newborns born under 33 weeks of gestational age were evaluated, in which case the agreement was substantial. About 21% of the babies classified as small for gestational age (SGA) by Intergrowth-21st were adequate for gestational age (AGA) according to Fenton and, on average, 20% of cases that had postnatal growth restriction (PNGR) according to Fenton standards were categorized as adequate weight by Intergrowth-21st. Postnatal weight classifications obtained by the evaluated curves had perfect agreement. Conclusions: the differences in theclassifications found between the charts reveal the importance of choosing the growth curve for monitoring preterm infants since behaviors based on their diagnoses can impact the life of this population.


Resumo Objetivos: comparar o crescimento intrauterino e pós-natal de prematuros segundo as curvas de Intergrowth-21st e Fenton. Métodos: estudo realizado em uma maternidade de referência em gestação de alto risco com prematuros nascidos em 2018 que ficaram internados nas unidades neonatais da instituição. Foram incluídos os pré-termos pesados em pelo menos dois momentos após o nascimento e excluídos aqueles sindrômicos, malformados ou com retenção hídrica. As proporções e médias foram comparadas a partir dos testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e t de student para amostras emparelhadas, respectivamente. Já o teste de McNemar foi utilizado para comparar as variáveis categóricas e teste Kappa para verificar o grau de concordância entre as classificações de peso ao nascer obtidos pelas curvas. Resultados: foram incluídos 153 lactentes com idade gestacional mediana de 34,4 semanas. As incidências das categorias de estado nutricional ao nascer não diferiram entre as curvas. Houve concordância perfeita entre as mesmas, exceto quando se avaliou os nascidos com menos de 33 semanas, onde a concordância foi substancial. Cerca de 21% dos bebês classificados como pequenos para a idade gestacional (PIG) por Intergrowth-21st foram adequados para idade gestacional (AIG) segundo Fenton e, em média, 20% dos casos que tiveram restrição de crescimento pós-natal (RCPN) de acordo aos padrões de Fenton foram categorizados com peso adequado por Intergrowth-21st. As classificações de peso pós-natal obtidas pelas curvas avaliadas tiveram concordância perfeita. Conclusões: as diferenças de classificação encontradas revelam a importância da escolha da curva de crescimento para monitorização de prematuros visto que, condutas baseadas em seus diagnósticos, podem impactar na vida dessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Postnatal Care , Birth Weight , Infant, Premature/growth & development , Nutritional Status , Neonatal Screening , Growth Charts , Fetal Growth Retardation , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Chi-Square Distribution , Gestational Age , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Observational Study
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