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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 113-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the biomechanical research progress of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture in recent years and provide a reference for the selection of internal fixation in clinic.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the biomechanical research of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the biomechanical characteristics of the internal fixation mode and position as well as the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixators, such as screws, plates, and intramedullary nails were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Tibial plateau fracture is one of the common types of knee fractures. The conventional surgical treatment for tibial plateau fracture is open or closed reduction and internal fixation, which requires anatomical reduction and strong fixation. Anatomical reduction can restore the normal shape of the knee joint; strong fixation provides good biomechanical stability, so that the patient can have early functional exercise, restore knee mobility as early as possible, and avoid knee stiffness. Different internal fixators have their own biomechanical strengths and characteristics. The screw fixation has the advantage of being minimally invasive, but the fixation strength is limited, and it is mostly applied to Schatzker typeⅠfracture. For Schatzker Ⅰ-Ⅳ fracture, unilateral plate fixation can be used; for Schatzker Ⅴand Ⅵ fracture, bilateral plates fixation can be used to provide stronger fixation strength and avoid the stress concentration. The intramedullary nails fixation has the advantages of less trauma and less influence on the blood flow of the fracture end, but the fixation strength of the medial and lateral plateau is limited; so it is more suitable for tibial plateau fracture that involves only the metaphysis. Choosing the most appropriate internal fixation according to the patient's condition is still a major difficulty in the surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures.@*CONCLUSION@#Each internal fixator has good fixation effect on tibial plateau fracture within the applicable range, and it is an important research direction to improve and innovate the existing internal fixator from various aspects, such as manufacturing process, material, and morphology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Plateau Fractures
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 46-50, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Nice knot technique for wound closure in Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients with Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures, who underwent wound closure using the Nice knot technique and were admitted between June 2021 and June 2022. There were 15 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 18 to 67 years, with an average of 41.9 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 11 cases, falling from height in 7 cases, and heavy object injuries in 4 cases. Fractures were located on the left side in 9 cases and on the right side in 13 cases. And 9 cases were type ⅢA fractures and 13 were type ⅢB fractures according to Gustilo classification. All patients had extensive soft tissue injuries, and no vascular or neurological damage was observed. The time from injury to debridement was 3-8 hours (mean, 6.5 hours). The sizes of wounds before operation and at 2 weeks after operation were measured and wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation were calculated. The wound healing time and wound healing grading were recorded. The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score was used to assess the wound scar after wound healed and the excellent and good rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The wound area was 21.0-180.0 cm 2 (mean, 57.82 cm 2) before operation, and it was 1.2-27.0 cm 2 (mean, 6.57 cm 2) at 2 weeks after operation. The wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation was 76%-98% (mean, 88.6%). After operation, 2 cases needed to adjust Nice knot due to skin cutting and 1 case occurred soft tissue infection on the wound. The other patient's wounds healed. The average wound healing time was 27.8 days (range, 18-44 days). And the wound healing were grade A in 13 cases and grade B in 9 cases. VSS score was 2-9, with an average of 4.1; 10 cases were rated as excellent, 10 as good, and 2 as poor, with an excellent and good rate of 90.9%. All patients were followed up 9-24 months (mean, 14.6 months). During follow-up, no deep infection or osteomyelitis occurred. Two cases experienced fracture non-union, and were treated with compression fixation and bone grafting. The fractures of the other patients all healed, with a healing time of 85-190 days (mean, 148.2 days).@*CONCLUSION@#Nice knot technique can be used in wound closure of Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures effectively, which is easy to operate.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cicatrix , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Wound Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open/surgery
3.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 74-80, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1513225

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas triplanares de tibia distal, son fracturas complejas caracterizadas por afectación multiplanar, clasificándose como Salter Harris tipo IV, en el periodo de cierre fisiario. Son poco frecuentes, representando el 5-15% de las fracturas pediátricas. El mecanismo de lesión que ocurre con mayor frecuencia, consiste en supinación y rotación externa. La tomografía computarizada es actualmente el Gold Standard para el diagnóstico de este tipo de fractura, nos permite evaluar todos los planos, siendo la radiografía simple insuficiente para el diagnóstico ya que puede pasar desapercibida. Paciente de 14 años de edad con fractura triplanar en 2 partes de tibia distal, con resolución quirúrgica. Nuestro caso es un ejemplo de una fractura triplanar de tibia distal, la cual es de baja frecuencia, difícil diagnostico e interpretación. Presentamos imágenes preoperatorias, intraoperatorias y postoperatorias del manejo de esta lesión, obteniendo resultados satisfactorios clínicos, funcionales y en estudios de imágenes. Es indispensable lograr una reducción anatómica de la superficie articular para lograr una evolución satisfactoria. Se recomienda una tomografía computarizada para diagnosticar y manejar esta lesión de manera adecuada. El seguimiento postoperatorio es crucial para el manejo de este paciente, ya que se espera una discrepancia en la longitud de las extremidades y/o deformidad(AU)


Triplane fractures of the distal tibia are complex fractures characterized by multiplane effects. They are classified in the Salter-Harris system as type IV in the period of physeal closure. These fractures are rare and represent 5-15% of pediatric fractures. The most common mechanism of injury is supination and external rotation. Computed tomography is currently the Gold Standard for the diagnosis of this type of fracture since it allows us to evaluate all planes, while plain radiography is insufficient because the fracture can go unnoticed. The objective is to report the clinical case of a 14-year-old patient with triplanar fracture in 2 parts of the distal tibia with surgical resolution. This case is an example of a triplanar fracture of the distal tibia, which is of low frequency, and difficult to diagnose and interpret. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative images of the management of this lesion are presented, obtaining satisfactory clinical, functional and imaging study results. It is essential to achieve an anatomical reduction of the joint surface to achieve a satisfactory evolution. A CT scan is recommended to properly diagnose and manage this injury. Postoperative follow-up is crucial for the management of this patient, as a limb length discrepancy and/or deformity is expected(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Rotation , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Supination
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 313-319, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To describe a series of cases of tibial fractures surgically treated using the posterior approach as described by Carlson, focusing on evaluating its functional results and complication rate. Methods Eleven patients with tibial plateau fractures, who underwent surgical treatment using the Carlson approach from July to December 2019, were followed-up. The minimum follow-up period was defined as 6 months. The American Knee Society Score (AKSS), American Knee Society Score/Function (AKSS/Function) and the Lysholm score were used to check treatment results at 6 months after the fracture. The patients underwent standard anteroposterior and lateral radiographs to assess fracture healing, and clinical healing was determined by the absence of pain during full weight-bearing. Results The mean follow-up period was 12 months (9-16 months). The primary mechanism of trauma was motorcycle accident, and the most prevalent side of fracture was the right side. Eight participants were male. The mean age of the patients was 28 years. All fractures healed, and none of the patients presented complications. The AKSS was excellent in 11 patients, with a mean AKSS/Function of 99.1±3, and Lysholm scores with a median of 95.0±5.6. Conclusions The Carlson approach for posterior fractures of the tibial plateau can be considered safe, presenting a low complication rate and satisfactory functional results.


Resumo Objetivos O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever uma série de casos de fraturas de tíbia submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico pela via posterior de Carlson para avaliação de resultados funcionais e frequência de complicações. Métodos Onze pacientes com fraturas do platô tibial foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico pela via de Carlson de julho a dezembro de 2019 e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 6 meses. As pontuações American Knee Society Score (AKSS), American Knee Society Score/Function (AKSS/Função) e de Lysholm verificaram os resultados do tratamento 6 meses após a fratura. Os pacientes foram submetidos a radiografias comuns em incidência anteroposterior e de perfil para avaliação da consolidação da fratura e a cicatrização clínica foi determinada pela ausência de dor à descarga total de peso. Resultados O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 12 meses (9 a 16 meses). O principal mecanismo de trauma foi acidente motociclístico e a fratura foi mais prevalente no lado direito. Oito pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 28 anos. Todas as fraturas cicatrizaram e nenhum paciente apresentou complicações. A AKSS foi excelente em 11 pacientes, com AKSS/Função média de 99,1 ±3, e a mediana das pontuações de Lysholm foi de 95,0 ±5,6. Conclusões Nas fraturas posteriores do platô tibial, a abordagem de Carlson pode ser considerada segura, apresentando baixo índice de complicações e resultados funcionais satisfatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/complications
5.
Rev. med. Urug ; 39(1): e401, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1431903

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar si existe diferencia en resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales con el uso de diferentes tipos de injertos óseos o sustitutos sintéticos, así como tiempo quirúrgico y consolidación para el tratamiento de fracturas de platillo tibial con hundimiento articular en pacientes mayores de 18 años. Material y método: se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada en bases de datos de literatura médica, PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane y portal Timbó. Se utilizaron términos "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". Se incluyeron estudios comparativos en seres humanos, pacientes mayores de 18 años, fracturas de platillo tibial que asociaron hundimiento articular, en los cuales se realizó aporte de injerto óseo o material sintético. Artículos en español, inglés, portugués. Publicaciones enero 1980 y diciembre 2021. Se obtuvieron 10 artículos. Resultados: los tipos de injertos y sustitutos óseos encontrados fueron 10. Las muestras en sumatoria total 524 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 49 años. El promedio de seguimiento fue de 12 meses. Se dividieron los estudios en tres grupos: comparación entre injerto autólogo (IOA) e injerto alogénico, IOA con sustitutos sintéticos, y los que comparan sustitutos sintéticos entre sí. El aloinjerto y los sustitutos sintéticos demostraron no ser inferiores en resultados clínicos, funcionales e imagenológicos, mejorando los tiempos intraoperatorios y disminuyendo complicaciones en el sitio donante con respecto al IOA. Conclusiones: el IOA continúa siendo el gold standard a pesar de sus posibles complicaciones vinculadas al sitio donante. El aloinjerto y los sustitutos sintéticos representan una opción válida para tratar estas lesiones.


Objective: to find out whether there are clinical, radiological and functional differences when using different types of bone grafts or synthetic substitutes, as well as surgical times and consolidation to treat depressed tibial-plateau fractures in patients older than 18 years old. Method: a systematized search was conducted in medical literature, PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane and Timbó portal databases using the following terms: "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". The study included comparative studies in human patients older than 18 years old with depressed tibial-plateau fractures who were treated with bone grafts or synthetic materials. Publications in Spanish, English and Portuguese, between January, 1980 and December, 2021 were included in the search, what resulted in 10 articles found. Results: there were 10 kinds of bone grafts and bone substitutes found. Samples added up to 524 patients. Average age was 49 years old. Average follow up was 12 months. Studies were divided into 3 groups: comparison between autologous bone grafts and allogenic bone grafts, comparison between autologous grafts and synthetic substitutes and studies comparing synthetic substitutes with one another. Allogenic grafts and synthetic grafts proved at least equivalent in terms of clinical, functional and imaging studies results, improving intraoperative times and reducing complications in donor site when compared to autologous grafts. Conclusions: autologous grafts continue to be the gold standard despite possible complications associated to the donor site, and allogenic grafts and synthetic substitutes constitute a valid option to treat these lesions.


Objetivo: comparar os resultados clínicos, radiológicos e funcionais com o uso de diferentes tipos de enxertos ósseos ou substitutos sintéticos, bem como tempo cirúrgico e consolidação para o tratamento de fraturas do platô tibial com colapso articular em pacientes com mais de 18 anos. Material e método: foi realizada busca sistemática nas bases de dados da literatura médica, PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, Cochrane e portal Timbó. Utilizaram-se os termos "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". Foram incluídos estudos comparativos incluindo seres humanos maiores de 18 anos e fraturas do platô tibial associadas a colapso articular, nas quais foi realizado enxerto ósseo ou sintético, publicados entre janeiro de 1980 e dezembro de 2021 em espanhol, inglês e português. Foram obtidos 10 artigos. Resultados: foram identificados 10 tipos de enxertos e substitutos ósseos. 524 pacientes com idade média de 49 anos foram estudados. O seguimento médio foi de 12 meses. Os estudos foram divididos em 3 grupos: comparação entre enxerto autólogo (IOA) e enxerto alogênico, IOA com substitutos sintéticos e substitutos sintéticos entre si. O aloenxerto e os substitutos sintéticos mostraram-se não inferiores nos resultados clínicos, funcionais e de imagem, melhorando os tempos intraoperatórios e reduzindo as complicações da área doadora em relação à IOA. Conclusões: o IOA continua a ser o padrão ouro apesar de suas possíveis complicações relacionadas ao local doador; tanto o aloenxerto como os substitutos sintéticos representam uma opção válida para tratar essas lesões.


Subject(s)
Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Substitutes , Tibial Plateau Fractures/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 106-110, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970982

ABSTRACT

A cruciate ligament avulsion is a much less common form of injury than a cruciate ligament tear. Simultaneous tibial avulsion fractures of both cruciate ligaments occur even more rarely. Over the last decades, many studies have described arthroscopic fixation of acute cruciate tibial avulsion fractures, but arthroscopic treatment in a late presenting patient has not been reported in the literature. This case report presents a 32-year-old female with a chronic tibial avulsion fracture of both anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament. Simultaneous fixation of both fractures was performed arthroscopically at week four post-injury. At one year of follow-up, the patient had demonstrated full knee range of motion and stable knee with no complaints, and achieved excellent clinical outcomes. Radiographs showed union of both fractures, and the patient had resumed high-impact exercises.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Arthroscopy , Knee Joint/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 662-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of a modified three-point bending fracture device for establishing a rabbit model of closed tibial fracture.@*METHODS@#The model of closed tibial fracture was established in 40 6-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg, and the model was verified at 6 weeks after operation. Five rabbits underwent pre modeling without temporary external fixation before modeling, and then were fractured with a modified three-point bending fracture device;35 rabbits underwent formal modeling. Before modeling, needles were inserted, and splints were fixed externally, and then the fracture was performed with a modified three-point bending fracture device. The fracture model and healing process were evaluated by imaging and histopathology at 2 hours, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#Two hours after modeling, the prefabricated module showed oblique fracture in varying degrees and the broken end shifted significantly;Except for 1 comminuted fracture, 2 curved butterfly fractures and 2 without obvious fracture line, the rest were simple transverse and oblique fractures without obvious displacement in formal modeling group. According to the judgment criteria, the success rate of the model was 85.71%. Four weeks after modeling, the fixed needle and splint of the experimental rabbits were in good position, the fracture alignment was good, the fracture line was blurred, many continuous callus growths could be seen around the fracture end, and the callus density was high. Six weeks after modeling, many thick new bone trabeculae at the fracture, marginal osteoblasts attached, and a small number of macrophages were seen under the microscope. The intramembrane osteogenesis area was in the preparation bone stage, the medullary cavity at the fracture had been partially reopened, the callus was in the absorption plastic stage, and many osteoclasts were visible. The X-ray showed that the fracture line almost disappeared, part of the medullary cavity had been opened, the external callus was reduced around, the callus was in the plastic stage, and the bone cortex was continuous. It suggests that the fracture model showed secondary healing.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved three-point bending fracture device can establish a stable rabbit model of closed tibial fracture, and the operation is simple, which meets the requirements of closed fracture model in basic research related to fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Osteogenesis , Radiography
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 570-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a reduction device for the arthroscopy-assisted treatment of tibial plateau fracture and explore its clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to September 2019, 21 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated, including 17 males and 4 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 55 years old with an average of (38.6±8.7) years old. There were 5 cases of Schatzker typeⅡand 16 cases of Schatzker type Ⅲ. The self-designed reductor combined with arthroscope was used for auxiliary reduction and fixation(minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis). The efficacy was analyzed by observing the operation time, blood loss, fracture healing time and knee function(HSS and IKDC scoring criteria).@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 8 to 24 with an average of(14.0±3.1) months. The operative time ranged from 70 to 95 min with an average of(81.7±7.6)min, incision length ranged from 4 to 7 cm with an average of(5.3±0.9) cm, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 50 ml with an average of(35.3±5.2) ml, postoperative weight-bearing time ranged from 30 to 50 d with an average of(35.1±9.2) d, fracture healing time ranged from 65 to 90 d with an average of(75.0±4.4) d, and complications were 0 cases, respectively. The fracture was well healed and no screw plate fracture was observed. The knee function scores of HSS and IKDC 18 months after operation were significantly higher than those before operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The custom-made reduction tool for the arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fracture is reasonable in design and simple in operation. The specific reduction tool could effectively reduce the fracture, and shorten the fixation time with minimally invasive procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 308-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore treatment strategy for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture.@*METHODS@#Forty-one patients with complex Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures were treated from January 2016 to January 2021, including 28 males and 13 females, aged from 19 to 65 years old with an average of (35.3±19.8) years old. Individualized treatment plan was developed according to preoperative imaging characteristics, medial surgical approach was mainly combined with other auxiliary incisions. Posteromedial inverted L approach was used in 18 patients, posteromedial approach and anterolateral extended approach in 19 patients, and posteromedial approach with anterolateral and lateral condylar osteotomy in 4 patients. Articular surface and facture healing were observed, range of knee joint motion was measured at 12 months after opertaion, and function of knee joint was evaluated by Lysholm scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Forty-one patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months with an average of (13.3±6.8) months. Twenty-nine patients and 10 patients were obtained complete fracture healing at 6 and 12 months after operation respectively, and fracture healing time was 4 to 13 months with an average of (5.0±3.7) months. Two patients occurred posterior medial internal fixation failure and varus deformity of knee joint, and the fracture healed and varus deformity was corrected after the second operation. Range of knee joint motion was (118±29) °, and Lysholm score was(83.0±16.0) points.@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized treatment should be reasonably selected for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures, the characteristics of lateral plateau fractures are an important reference for selecting surgical approaches, the effective fixation of posteromedial bone blocks should be pay full attention, and the overall treatment results are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Adolescent , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tibial insertion fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#Between October 2019 and October 2021, 16 patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures were treated with arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel. There were 11 males and 5 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 26-58 years). The fractures were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases and sports in 4 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of 6.0 days. The fractures were classified as Meyers-McKeever type Ⅱ in 4 cases and type Ⅲ in 9 cases, and Zaricznyi type Ⅳ in 3 cases. There were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ, 7 cases of grade Ⅱ, and 7 cases of grade Ⅲ in the posterior drawer test. There were 3 cases combined with lateral collateral ligament injury and 2 cases with meniscus injury. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee joint function. The posterior drawer test and knee stability tester (Kneelax 3) were used to evaluate knee joint stability. The X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture reduction and healing.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention after operation. There was no incision infection, popliteal neurovascular injury, or deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 10 months. X-ray films at 6 months after operation showed the fractures obtained bone union. There were 11 cases of grade 0, 4 cases of gradeⅠ, and 1 case of grade Ⅱin posterior drawer test, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative results ( Z=23.167, P<0.001). The VAS score, Lysholm score, IKDC score, knee range of motion, and the results of Kneelax3 examination all significantly improved when compared with preoperative results ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures, the arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel has the advantages of minimal trauma, good fracture reduction, reliable fixation, and fewer complications. The patient's knee joint function recovers well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of open reduction of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of knee joint with absorbable screws fixation and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion who met the selection criteria between March 2015 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 patients were fixed with simple absorbable screw (group A), and 12 patients were fixed with absorbable screw combined with suture anchors (group B). All patients were confirmed by X-ray film, CT, or MRI preoperatively, and got positive results in preoperative posterior drawer tests. There was no significant difference in gender, age, side of affected limb, time from injury to operation, comorbidities, and preoperative Meyers & McKeever classification, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. At last follow-up, Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate the improvement of knee function.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as vascular and nerve injury or venous thrombosis occurred. All 26 patients were followed up 9-89 months, with an average of 55.3 months. The follow-up time of group A and group B was (55.7±23.2) and (56.8±29.3) months, respectively, with no significant difference ( t=-0.106, P=0.916). Radiographs showed bone healing in both groups at 3 months after operation, and no complication such as infection and traumatic arthritis occurred. At last follow-up, the posterior drawer test was negative in both groups, and the Lysholm score and IKDC score significantly improved when compared with the pre-operative values ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the improvement value between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of the knee joint, the open reduction and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation can achieve reliable fracture reduction and fixation, which is conducive to the early rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Anchors , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 410-416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 23 patients with tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, who had undergone osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation between January 2015 and June 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 9 females with an average age of 42.6 years ranging from 26 to 62 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 16 cases, falling from height in 5 cases, and other injuries in 2 cases. According to Schatzker classification, there were 15 cases of type Ⅴ and 8 cases of type Ⅵ. The time from injury to operation was 4-8 days with an average of 5.9 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded. The depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column and posterior inclination angle (PSA) of the tibial plateau were compared before operation and at 2 days and 6 months after operation; fracture reduction of tibial plateau fracture was evaluated by Rasmussen anatomic score. The recovery of knee function was evaluated by Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score at 2 days and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was 120-195 minutes, with an average of 152.8 minutes; the intraoperative blood loss was 50-175 mL, with an average of 109.5 mL. All patients were followed up 12-24 months, with an average of 16.7 months. One patient had superficial wound infection after operation, and the incision healed after dressing change; primary healing of incision of other patients was obtained. The fracture healing time was 12-18 weeks, with an average of 13.7 weeks. No failure of internal fixation, varus and valgus deformity of the knee joint, and instability of the knee joint was found at last follow-up. One patient developed joint stiffness and the range of motion of the knee joint was 10°-100°; the range of motion of the knee joint of other patients was 0°-125°. At 2 days and 6 months after operation, the depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column, PSA, and Rasmussen anatomic scores significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two postoperative time points ( P>0.05). The HSS score at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that at 2 days after operation ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, reduction and internal fixation through osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau has the advantages of fully expose the posterolateral column fragment, good articular surface reduction, sufficient bone grafting, and fewer postoperative complications. It is beneficial to restore knee joint function and can be widely used in clinic.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Osteotomy , Weight-Bearing
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1169-1176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effects of isopsoralen (ISO) with different doses on fracture and vascular healing in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixty 2-month-old male C57BL/6 mices with body mass of (20±2) g were selected and divided into 4 groups by random number table method:model group (model), low dose group (isopsoralen-low dose, ISO-L), medium dose group (isopsoralen-medium dose, ISO-M) and high dose group (isopsoralen-high dose, ISO-H), with 15 animals in each group. The right tibial fracture model was established. After operation, ISO-L group, ISO-M group and ISO-H group were given ISO concentration of 10 mg·kg-1, 20 mg·kg-1 and 40 mg·kg-1, respectively. Model group was given same volume of normal saline once a day for 28 days. Weighed once a week. X-ray was performed on 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, respectively, and modified I.R. Garrett scoring method was used to evaluate callus growth. After 28 days, the main organs were stripped and weighed, and organ coefficients were calculated. Hematoxylin eosin staining (HE staining) was performed on the organs to observe whether there were pathological structural changes. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) was used to scan fracture area and conduct three-dimensional reconstruction to obtain the effect map, and quantify bone volume fraction (bone volume/total volume, BV/TV). After decalcification, the tibia was embedded in paraffin wax and sectioned. The healing and shape of fracture end were observed by HE staining and ferruxin solid green staining. The right tibia was removed and decalcified after intravascular infusion of Microfil contrast agent. Micro-CT was used to scan the callus microvessels in the fracture area, and the vascular volume fraction and vessel diameter were quantified.@*RESULTS@#After 28 days of administration, there was no significant difference in body mass and organ coefficient among all groups (P>0.05), and no significant pathological changes were found in HE staining of organs. The results of X-ray and improved I.R. Garrett score showed that ISO-M group was higher than that of Model group at 28 days (P<0.05). Scores of ISO-H group at 14, 21 and 28 days were higher than those of the other 3 groups (P<0.05). Micro-CT results showed intracavitary callus in ISO-M group was significantly reduced, which was lower than that in Model group (P<0.05), most of the callus in ISO-H group were subsided, and BV/TV in ISO-H group was lower than that in the other 3 groups (P<0.05). The results of HE staining and ferrubens solid green staining showed fracture area of ISO-H group was closed, continuous laminar bone had appeared, and the fracture healing process was higher than that of other groups. Angiographic results showed vascular volume fraction in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05), and the vascular diameter in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the concentration range of 10-40 mg·kg-1, ISO has no obvious toxic and side effects, and could improve bone microstructure, promote formation of callus microvessels, and accelerate healing of fracture ends in a concentration-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , X-Ray Microtomography , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1100-1106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intramedullary nail fixation (IMN) and minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) techniques on tibiofibular fractures and their effect on platelet activation and serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).@*METHODS@#Total of 105 patients with tibiofibular fractures from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected and divided into 53 cases in the MIPPO group and 52 cases in the IMN group. There were 29 males and 24 females with an average age of (41.74±6.05) years old in MIPPO group;in IMN group, 31 males and 21 females with an average age of (40.59±5.26) years old. The perioperative surgical indexes, postoperative complications, ankle function recovery at 12 months postoperatively, platelet activation indexes at 3 and 7 days preoperatively and postoperatively, and serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 levels at 4 and 8 weeks preoperatively and postoperatively were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operating time and fracture healing time in the MIPPO group were shorter than those in the IMN group(P<0.05); Compared with the preoperative period, the levels of GMP-140, PAC-1, CD63, and CD61 increased in both groups at 3 and 7 days after surgery, but were lower in the MIPPO group than in the IMN group(P<0.05);the levels of serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased in both groups at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery compared with the preoperative period, and the postoperative complication rate in the MIPPO group was lower than that in the IMN group(P<0.05);the difference was not statistically significant in the excellent rate of ankle function recovery at 12 months follow-up after surgery between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both intramedullary nail fixation and MIPO technique for treatment of tibia and fibula fractures can improve ankle joint function, but the latter has the advantages of short operation time, fast fracture healing, fewer complications, and light platelet activation. Serum TGF-β1, BMP-2 level improves quickly.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibia/injuries , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Fracture Healing , Postoperative Complications , Fractures, Multiple , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between closed reduction combined with semi-circular external fixator and minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) in the treatment of middle anddistal tibia fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of sixty patients with middle and distal tibia fractures admitted between January 2019 and November 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were categorized into external fixation group (n=30) and internal fixation group (n=30). There were 18 males and 12 females in the external fixation group, with an average age of (49.29±2.35) years old. Among them, 14 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 16 patients presented with fractures on the right side. Closed reduction, arched wire, and semi-circular external fixator were used for treatment. There were 20 males and 10 females in the internal fixation group, with an average age of (48.96±1.87) years old. Among them, 15 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 15 patients presented with fractures on the right side. MIPPO technique was used for the treatment. Perioperative parameters, including time injury to surgery, surgical duration, incision length, intraoperative bleeding, time to active activity, and incision healing level, were compared between the two groups. Clinical outcomes were also assessed, including Johner-Wruhs scores, time to minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing, visual analog scale (VAS), SF-36 scale, and complications.@*RESULTS@#The external fixation group exhibited a significantly shorter incision length (1.36±0.86) cm and lower intraoperative bleeding (10.83±5.73) ml compared to the internal fixation group (12.74±3.12) cm and (86.47±8.90) ml, respectively(P<0.05). The postoperative active activity time (1.50±0.54) days and minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing activity time(108.87±3.43) days in the external fixation group were slightly delayed than the internal fixation group(1.15±0.98) days and (105.27±3.68) days, respectively(P<0.05). Over a mean postoperative follow-up duration of (6.23±1.89) months, both groups showed improved VAS and SF-36 scale scores. There were no statistically significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scale scores 1, 3, 6 months post-operatively between the two groups(P>0.05). The intraoperative surgical time in the external fixation group (35.42±9.31) minutes was shorter than that in the internal fixation group(74.22±7.81) minutes (P<0.05). There was no intraoperative vascular or nerve injury, nor postoperative skin necrosis in the external fixation group. However, skin necrosis was observed in 6 patientsin the internal fixation group, representing a statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both external fixation and plate internal fixation are effective methods for the treatment of middle and distal tibia fractures. External fixation exhibits the advantage of less surgical trauma and a lower incidence of complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tibia , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , External Fixators , Pain , Necrosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1477-1481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effectiveness of ultrasound-guided closed reduction by Kirschner wire provocation technique in the treatment of Salter-Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ periosteal entrapment of distal tibial epiphyseal fractures in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#Between May 2019 and May 2022, 41 patients with Salter Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ distal tibial epiphyseal fractures were admitted, all of whom had periosteal entrapment on preoperative MRI, and 38 cases (92.7%) were confirmed to have periosteal entrapment by intraoperative ultrasound. There were 24 males and 14 females, the age ranged from 6.8 to 15.7 years, with an average of 10.7 years; and there were 20 cases of Salter Harris type Ⅰ and 18 cases of type Ⅱ. The time from injury to operation was 22-76 hours, with an average of 28.4 hours. The preoperative imaging examination showed excellent alignment in 4 cases, good in 20 cases, and poor in 14 cases. The ultrasound guided Kirschner wire provocation technique for closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire internal fixation were performed. The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded. Anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the affected ankle joint were taken before operation, at 3 months after operation, and at last follow-up to observe the healing of the fracture, and anteroposterior X-ray films of the whole length of both lower limbs were taken to evaluate the alignment of the force lines of the affected limbs. The range of motion (ROM), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score were used to evaluate ankle function. The mechanical lateral distal tibia angle (mLDTA) and the anatomic anterior distal tibia angle (aADTA) were measured.@*RESULTS@#The operation time ranged from 17 to 52 minutes, with an average of 22.6 minutes, and the intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency ranged from 3 to 11 times, with an average of 4.2 times. X-ray examination during operation and at 2 days after operation showed that anatomical reduction was achieved. All patients were followed up 10-24 months, with an average of 16.4 months. All fractures healed in 6.1-7.2 weeks, with an average of 6.3 weeks; no fracture displacement occurred, and the patients recovered to their pre-injury level of motion at 6 months after operation. Needle tail irritation occurred in 2 cases at 4 weeks after operation, and they recovered after symptomatic treatment. During the follow-up, there was no serious complication such as incision deep infection, bone nonunion, delayed union, and malunion. At last follow-up, the patients' alignment were all excellent, and the difference was significant when compared with preoperative one ( Z=-7.471, P<0.001). The VAS score, AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, dorsiflexion-plantar flexion ROM, varus-valgus ROM, mLDTA, and aADTA significantly improved at 3 months after operation and last follow-up when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided closed reduction by Kirschner wire provocation technique for treating Salter-Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ periosteal entrapment of distal tibial epiphyseal fractures in children and adolescents is minimally invasive and safe.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Adolescent , Tibia , Bone Wires , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1353-1360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness between the posterolateral approach and the posterolateral combined posteromedial approaches in the treatment of Mason type 2B posterior malleolar fracture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 79 patients with posterior ankle fracture who met the selection criteria between January 2015 and January 2022. There were 62 cases of Mason 2B Pilon subtype and 17 cases of avulsion subtype. Among Mason 2B Pilon subtype patients, 35 were treated with posterolateral approach (group A), 27 patients were treated with combined approach (group B). There was no significant difference in gender, age, injured side, cause of injury, time from injury to operation, preoperative hospital stay, preoperative visualanalogue scale (VAS) score, and intraoperative internal fixation between the two groups ( P>0.05). All patients with Mason 2B avulsion subtype were treated by posterolateral approach, including 7 males and 10 females, aged from 25 to 68 years, with an average of 46.1 years. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and complications were recorded. The reduction quality was evaluated by Ovadia deals radiographic score, and the ankle function and pain were evaluated by VAS score, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, and ankle range of motion.@*RESULTS@#Mason 2B Pilon subtype: There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and follow-up time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The radiological evaluation of Ovadia deals in group A was significantly worse than that in group B ( P<0.05). The VAS score in the two groups significantly improved at each time point after operation, and the VAS score and AOFAS score further improved with the extension of time after operation, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). Except that the AOFAS score of group A was significantly lower than that of group B at last follow-up ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference in VAS score and AOFAS score between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the ankle range of motion in group A was significantly less than that in group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of sural nerve injury, deep tissue infection, limitation of toe movement, and traumatic ankle arthritis between the two groups ( P>0.05). Mason 2B avulsion subtype: The operation time was (119.47±20.61) minutes and the intraoperative blood loss was 50 (35, 55) mL. Seventeen patients were followed up 13-25 months, with an average of 18 months. The Ovadia deals score was excellent in 10 cases, good in 6 cases, and poor in 1 case at 1 week after operation, and the excellent and good rate was 94.1%. All fractures healed in 8-18 weeks with an average of 12.35 weeks. There were 1 case of sural nerve injury and 3 cases of traumatic ankle arthritis after operation. No deep tissue infection or limitation of toe movement occurred. The VAS score decreased significantly and AOFAS score increased significantly with time, and the differences were significant between different time points before and after operation ( P<0.05). The ankle range of motion at last follow-up was (56.71±2.47)°.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the posterolateral approach, the combined approach is a better choice for the treatment of Mason 2B Pilon subtype. If the posteromedial bone block does not affect the reduction of the medial malleolus, the posterolateral approach can achieve good effectiveness for Mason 2B avulsion subtype.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/etiology , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1342-1346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009065

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) involving the anterior root of lateral meniscus (LM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 28 patients with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM who were treated with arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture between October 2017 and January 2023. There were 12 males and 16 females with the mean age of 26 years (range, 13-57 years). There were 20 cases of sports injury and 8 cases of traffic accident injury. In 2 cases of old fracture, the time from injury to operation was 45 days and 90 days, respectively; in 26 cases of fresh fracture, the time from injury to operation was 3-20 days (mean, 6.7 days). According to the Meyers-McKeever classification, there were 4 cases of type Ⅱ, 11 cases of type Ⅲ, and 13 cases of type Ⅳ. The preoperative Lysholm knee function score was 42.1±9.0, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was 40.0±7.3, and the Tegner score was 0.7±0.7.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, and the incisions healed by first intention. All the 28 patients were followed up 5-60 months (mean, 20.4 months). During the follow-up, there was nocomplication such as infection, vascular or nerve injury, loosening or breakage of internal fixator, or stiffness of knee joint. Postoperative X-ray films showed satisfactory fracture reduction and firm fixation. All fractures healed clinically, and the healing time was 8-16 weeks (mean, 10.3 weeks). At last follow-up, Lachman test and anterior drawer test were negative. At last follow-up, Lysholm knee function score was 92.4±5.5, IKDC score was 91.6±4.4, and Tegner score was 5.2±1.1, which significantly improved when compared with preoperative scores ( t=-22.899, P<0.001; t=-29.870, P<0.001; t=-19.979, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM can not only fix the LM, but also effectively reduce and fix the avulsion fracture, which can obtain good effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Sutures , Suture Techniques
19.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1055-1061, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of multiple-dose intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss in complex tibial plateau fractures with open reduction internal fixation by a prospective randomized controlled trial.@*METHODS@#A study was conducted on patients with Schatzker type Ⅳ-Ⅵ tibial plateau fractures admitted between August 2020 and December 2022. Among them, 88 patients met the selection criteria and were included in the study. They were randomly allocated into 3 groups, the control group (28 cases), single-dose TXA group (31 cases), and multiple-dose TXA group (29 cases), using a random number table method. There was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in terms of age, gender, body mass index, the Schatzker type and side of fracture, laboratory examinations [hemoglobin (Hb), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen (Fib), international normalized ratio (INR), D-dimer, and interleukin 6 (IL-6)], and preoperative blood volume. The control group received intravenous infusion of 100 mL saline at 15 minutes before operation and 3, 6, and 24 hours after the first administration. The single-dose TXA group received intravenous infusion of 1 g TXA (dissolved in 100 mL saline) at 15 minutes before operation, followed by an equal amount of saline at each time point after the first administration. The multiple-dose TXA group received intravenous infusion of 1 g TXA (dissolved in 100 mL saline) at each time point. The relevant indicators were recorded and compared between groups to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of TXA, including hospital stays, operation time, occurrence of infection; the occurrence of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis, intermuscular vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism at 1 week after operation; the lowest postoperative Hb value and Hb reduction rate, the difference (change value) between pre- and post-operative APTT, PT, Fib, and INR; D-dimer and IL-6 at 24 and 72 hours after operation; total blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, hidden blood loss, drainage flow during 48 hours after operation, and postoperative blood transfusion.@*RESULTS@#① TXA efficacy evaluation: the lowest Hb value in the control group was significantly lower than that in the other two groups ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the single- and multiple-dose TXA groups ( P>0.05). The Hb reduction rate, total blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, drainage flow during 48 hours after operation, and hidden blood loss showed a gradual decrease trend in the control group, single-dose TXA group, and multiple-dose TXA group. And differences were significant ( P<0.05) in the Hb reduction rate and drainage flow during 48 hours after operation between groups, and the total blood loss and hidden blood loss between control group and other two groups. ② TXA safety evaluation: no lower extremity deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism occurred in the three groups after operation, but 3, 4, and 2 cases of intermuscular vein thrombosis occurred in the control group, single-dose TXA group, and multiple-dose TXA group, respectively, and the differences in the incidences between groups were not significant ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time between groups ( P>0.05). But the length of hospital stay was significantly longer in the control group than in the other groups ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference between the single- and multiple-dose TXA groups ( P>0.05). ③ Effect of TXA on blood coagulation and inflammatory response: the incisions of the 3 groups healed by first intention, and no infections occurred. The differences in the changes of APTT, PT, Fib, and INR between groups were not significant ( P>0.05). The D-dimer and IL-6 in the three groups showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing over time, and there was a significant difference between different time points in the three groups ( P<0.05). At 24 and 72 hours after operation, there was no significant difference in D-dimer between groups ( P>0.05), while there was a significant difference in IL-6 between groups ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Multiple intravenous applications of TXA can reduce perioperative blood loss and shorten hospital stays in patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation of complex tibial plateau fractures, provide additional fibrinolysis control and ameliorate postoperative inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Interleukin-6 , Prospective Studies , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Thrombosis
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1403140

ABSTRACT

El método de Ilizarov, con sus diferentes variantes y mediante la utilización de su aparato, desarrollado en la década del 50, continúa vigente, sobre todo en el tratamiento de las complicaciones de fracturas, principalmente aquellas vinculadas a la infección y a las dificultades de la consolidación. Reportamos 2 pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis hipertrófica, rígida, con deformidad, sin infección activa y sin dismetría, tratados mediante el método de distracción y compresión realizado con el aparato de Ilizarov. En ambos casos se logró la alineación y consolidación del miembro con escasas complicaciones.


The Ilizarov method, with its different variants and using its apparatus, developed in the 1950s, is still valid, especially in the treatment of fracture complications, mainly those linked to infection and consolidation difficulties. We report 2 adult patients with a diagnosis of hypertrophic, rigid nonunion, with deformity, without active infection and without dysmetria, treated by the distraction and compression method performed with the Ilizarov device. In both cases, the alignment and consolidation of the limb was achieved with few complications.


O método de Ilizarov, com suas diferentes variantes e pelo uso de seu aparato, desenvolvido na década de 1950, ainda é válido, principalmente no tratamento de complicações de fraturas, principalmente aquelas ligadas à infecção e dificuldades de consolidação. Relatamos 2 pacientes adultos com diagnóstico de pseudoartrose hipertrófica, rígida, com deformidade, sem infecção ativa e sem dismetria, tratados pelo método de distração e compressão realizado com o dispositivo de Ilizarov. Em ambos os casos, o alinhamento e a consolidação do membro foram alcançados com poucas complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Ilizarov Technique , Postoperative Period , Tibial Fractures/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intraoperative Period
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