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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess dentists' knowledge from Minas Gerais, Brazil, about dentoalveolar trauma (DT) and their experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: An online questionnaire with 34 questions was applied to collect personal data, professional training, self-assessment of experience/knowledge about DT, experience in care provided during the social distancing, and knowledge/conduct. The specific responses were evaluated based on the guidelines of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT). Descriptive analysis and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: Most professionals (97.7%) had received information on DT, and only 4.6% of the participants considered their knowledge poor or very poor. However, 92.7% felt the need for more information on the subject. Regarding experiences during the pandemic, 55.7% provided trauma care during that period. Forty percent of the consultations were performed in person, and 33.3% of the professionals noted an increase in cases during the pandemic; 56.6% reported that the frequency did not change. The overall mean number of correct answers about DT was 5.29±2.11, indicating an acceptable level of knowledge. The mean percentage of hits for the specific questions was 44.1%. Conclusion: Although the level of knowledge of the dentists evaluated was acceptable, some aspects were deficient, with the need for more information about the IADT guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Containment of Biohazards , COVID-19/transmission , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 40(2)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1514471

ABSTRACT

Las armas de aire comprimido son utilizadas desde hace muchos años con distintos usos que van desde el tiro recreativo hasta el control de plagas. Las más comunes son aquellas que disparan ''balines" o esferas metálicas que pueden llegar a tener capacidad de penetrar tejidos dependiendo del tipo de carga y de la longitud del cañón. Se presenta un caso clínico de un masculino que fue agredido con un arma tipo pistola con carga de CO2 que recibió un impacto a nivel facial y sufrió laceración en piel de labio y fractura dental complicada.


Air guns have been used for many years for a variety of purposes ranging from recreational shooting to pest control. The most common are those that shoot "pellets" or metallic spheres that can penetrate tissues depending on the type of load and the length of the barrel. A clinical case is presented of a male who was assaulted with a CO2-loaded pistol-type weapon, hit at facial level, and suffered laceration of the lip's skin and complicated dental fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Compressed Air , Gun Violence , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Costa Rica
3.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523684

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O traumatismo dentário é uma ocorrência frequente durante a infância e adolescência. Geralmente, o diagnóstico acontece de forma tardia, devido à falta de conhecimento da população. Cada tipo de trauma necessita de uma conduta única e especializada. Nos casos de comprometimento pulpar, é necessário cuidado quanto à escolha da técnica a ser empregada, bem como a seleção da medicação intracanal que, por sua vez, apresenta grande interferência no sucesso do tratamento. Não obstante o avanço das técnicas de instrumentação, a troca da medicação entre as sessões nesses casos é mandatória. Relato de caso: Um paciente, sexo masculino, em idade escolar (15 anos) apresentou-se ao serviço de saúde bucal com relato de escurecimento e dores na mastigação após trauma dentário durante a infância. Os testes de vitalidade pulpar revelaram necrose pulpar, com resultado negativo no teste térmico e positivo na percussão. O exame radiológico evidenciou uma lesão apical, juntamente com reabsorção externa no elemento 21, confirmado em tomografia. O paciente foi submetido a um tratamento endodôntico. Resultado: Após o tratamento, foi solicitado novo exame tomográfico, em que se evidenciou um processo de cicatrização óssea no periápice e reabsorção por substituição na lesão cervical. Conclusão: A partir deste caso clínico, pôde-se evidenciar a importância do diagnóstico adequado, do manejo e da técnica endodôntica eficaz na resolução de problemas decorrentes de traumas dentários em pacientes jovens.


Introduction: Dental trauma is a frequent occurrence during childhood and adolescence. Generally, diagnosis happens late, due to lack of knowledge among the population. Each type of trauma requires a unique and specialized approach. In cases of pulp involvement, care must be taken when choosing the technique to be used, as well as the selection of intracanal medication, which, in turn, has a major impact on the success of the treatment. Despite advances in instrumentation techniques, changing medication between sessions in these cases is mandatory. Case report: A male patient of school age (15 years old) presented to the oral health service with reports of darkening and pain when chewing following dental trauma during childhood. Pulp vitality tests revealed pulp necrosis, with a negative result in the thermal test and positive in percussion. The radiological examination showed an apical lesion, together with external resorption in element 21, confirmed on tomography. The patient underwent endodontic treatment. Result: After treatment, a new tomographic examination was requested, which showed a process of bone healing in the periapex and resorption by replacement in the cervical lesion. Conclusion: From this clinical case, it was possible to highlight the importance of adequate diagnosis, management, and effective endodontic technique in solving problems arising from dental trauma in young patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries/therapy , Incisor/injuries , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Treatment Outcome , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
4.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 30-40, 08 ago. 2023. ilus, tag, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509382

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze, through literature review, the available literature on orthodontic treatment in traumatized permanent teeth. Methods: A literature search was performed in electronic databases (PubMed and SciELO) using the descriptors [tooth injuries] OR [injuries, teeth] OR [injury, teeth] OR [teeth injury] OR [injuries, tooth] OR [injury, tooth] OR [tooth injury] OR [teeth injuries] AND [orthodontics]. Observational studies and clinical trials were included, narrative reviews, laboratory and in vitro studies, case reports and series as well as articles that presented abstracts written in languages other than Portuguese, English and Spanish were excluded from the study. Two reviewers considered the eligibility, the risk of bias of the analyzed data and the qualitative synthesis of the studies included. A total of 1,322 references were found and 4 articles met all inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative analysis. Some consequences like pulp necrosis and root resorption have been highlighted and trauma severity should be considered when orthodontically intervening in previously traumatized teeth. Final considerations: The traumatized teeth can be orthodontically treated as long as the time of tissue reorganization is respected, and the pull and periodontal conditions are followed up.(AU)


Objetivos: analisar, por meio de revisão de literatura, a respeito do tratamento ortodôntico em dentes permanentes traumatizados. Metodologia: Uma pesquisa bibliográfica foi realizada em bancos de dados eletrônicos (PubMed e SciELO) usando os descritores [tooth injuries] ou [injuries, teeth] ou [injury, teeth] ou [teeth injury] ou [injuries, tooth] ou [injury, tooth] ou [tooth injury] ou [teeth injuries] e [orthodontics]. Foram incluídos estudos observacionais e ensaios clínicos, revisões narrativas, estudos laboratoriais e in vitro, relatos de casos e séries, bem como artigos que apresentassem resumos redigidos em idiomas diferentes do português, inglês e espanhol foram excluídos do estudo. Dois revisores consideraram a elegibilidade, o risco de viés dos dados analisados e a síntese qualitativa dos estudos incluídos. Foram encontradas 1.322 referências e 4 artigos atenderam a todos os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na análise qualitativa. Algumas consequências como necrose pulpar e reabsorção radicular têm sido destacadas e a gravidade do trauma deve ser considerada na intervenção ortodôntica em dentes previamente traumatizados. Considerações finais: Os estudos incluídos nesta revisão sugerem que dentes traumatizados podem ser tratados ortodônticamente desde que respeitado o tempo de reorganização tecidual e acompanhadas as condições pulpares e periodontais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Tooth Injuries/therapy , Dentition, Permanent , Root Resorption/etiology , Trauma Severity Indices , Dental Pulp Necrosis/etiology
5.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442383

ABSTRACT

The socioeconomic context and population vulnerability are directly associated with violence in the country. In Brazil, the Criminal Code provides the illicit act and punishes the aggressor who offends the physical aggression from a person. Interpersonal violence is an illegal act and is associated with the vulnerability of victims. Therefore, the study of the epidemiological profile of victims of interpersonal violence is needed to alert the population about their susceptibility. The present study aimed to design the epidemiological profile of victims of bodily injury from interpersonal violence in the region of Maringá, in the state of Paraná, and to study the characterization of dental injuries in terms of permanent weakness and deformity. Four thousand nine hundred sixty-two reports performed between 2018 and 2020 were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data collected included: sex, age, marital status, the region affected by the bodily injury, type of dental trauma, and responses to "weakness" or/and "permanent deformity". During the period studied, there was a prevalence of female victims (57.8%), white skin color (80.2%), aged between 21 and 30 years (24.9%), single (54.9%), and the most affected region was the upper limbs (32.1%). Regarding bodily injuries with dental involvement, 67 cases were reported, male victims were prevalent (60.3%), and dental fracture was highlighted with 54.4% of examined injuries.The implementation of the Forensic Dentistry Centre took place in August 2019 at the Medico-Legal Institute of Maringá. Also, with the interruption of expert activities in 2020 - due to the COVID-19 pandemic ­ relevant outcomes regarding permanent weakness were observed. The epidemiological profile of victims is characterized by the female sex, white skin color, the age group from 21 to 30 years old, and singles. Regarding dental trauma, male victims, and dental fractures were prevalent. Furthermore, there was an increase in the classification of "permanent weakness", as well as a slight increase in cases of "further assessment required" for permanent deformity (AU).


O contexto socioeconômico e a vulnerabilidade da população estão diretamente associados à violência no país. No Brasil, o Código Penal (CP) prevê o ato ilícito e pune o agressor que atentar contra a integridade física de outrem. A violência interpessoal constitui um ato ilícito e está associada à vulnerabilidade das vítimas. Sendo assim, o estudo do perfil epidemiológico de vítimas de violência interpessoal se faz necessário para alertar a população quanto à suscetibilidade dessas. O presente estudo objetivou traçar o perfil epidemiológico de vítimas de lesão corporal por violência interpessoal na região de Maringá, no estado do Paraná, e estudar a caracterização das lesões dentais quanto à debilidade e deformidade permanente. Foram analisados 4.962 laudos pertencentes aos anos de 2018 a 2020 por estatística descritiva. Dados coletados incluíram: sexo, idade, estado civil, região afetada pela lesão corporal, tipo de trauma dental e respostas para "debilidade" ou/e "deformidade permanente". Durante o período estudado, houve prevalência de vítimas do sexo feminino (57,8%), cor de pele branca (80,2%), com idade entre 21 e 30 anos (24,9%), solteiros (54,9%), e a região mais afetada foi a dos membros superiores (32,1%). Em relação às lesões corporais com envolvimento dental, 67 casos foram relatados. Vítimas do sexo masculino foram prevalentes (60,3%) e a fratura do elemento obteve destaque com 54,4% das lesões periciadas. A implementação do Núcleo de Odontologia Legal ocorreu em agosto de 2019 e, ainda com a interrupção das atividades periciais no ano de 2020 ­ devido à pandemia da COVID-19 ­ resultados quanto à debilidade permanente foram evidentes. O perfil epidemiológico das vítimas é caracterizado pelo sexo feminino, cor de pele branca, faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos e solteiros. Quanto aos traumas dentais, vítimas do sexo masculino e fraturas dentais foram prevalentes. Além disso, houve um aumento na classificação de "debilidade permanente", bem como um leve aumento nos casos de "necessidade de avaliação complementar" para deformidade permanente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Violence/prevention & control , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Facial Injuries/epidemiology , Forensic Dentistry , Social Vulnerability
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 9-16, jan.-abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427810

ABSTRACT

As lesões dentárias traumáticas são um problema de saúde pública mundial, dentre as quais a fratura dentária é a de maior ocorrência, envolvendo principalmente os dentes anteriores. A abordagem de grandes fraturas anteriores é um desafio para cirurgiões dentistas de qualquer nível pois, além da função, afetam diretamente a estética do paciente, fazendo-se necessário um planejamento que envolva diferentes especialidades na odontologia. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação funcional e estética de fratura dentária nos incisivos centrais superiores envolvendo tratamento endodôntico, instalação de pino de fibra de vidro e restauração direta em resina composta. Relato de Caso: O paciente de 17 anos sofreu fratura nos incisivos centrais superiores causada por uma queda de bicicleta. Devido à busca tardia por tratamento o elemento 21 foi diagnosticado com necrose pulpar e, portanto, foi submetido à tratamento endodôntico pela Técnica Crown Down e reabilitação com pino de fibra de vidro Splendor-SAP. Posteriormente, os elementos 11 e 21 foram restaurados com facetas diretas em resina composta pela técnica incremental. Conclusão: A reabilitação com instalação de pino de fibra de vidro associada à técnica de estratificação incremental em resina composta se mostra como uma boa opção para reabilitação estética pois permite dar forma anatômica ao dente com riqueza de detalhes na estratificação da dentina e esmalte, além de máxima preservação da estrutura dental. Os resultados obtidos reforçam o sucesso estético e funcional com significativo impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


Traumatic dental injuries are a worldwide public health problem, among which dental fractures are the most frequent, mainly involving the anterior teeth. The approach of large anterior fractures is a challenge for dental surgeons of any level because, in addition to function, they directly affect the patient's esthetics, requiring a plan that involves different specialties in dentistry. Objective: Report a clinical case of functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of dental fractures in maxillary central incisors involving endodontic treatment, installation of a fiberglass post and direct restoration in composite resin. Case Report: The 17-year-old patient suffered a fracture in the upper central incisors caused by a fall from a bicycle. Due to the late search for treatment, element 21 was diagnosed with pulp necrosis and, therefore, underwent endodontic treatment using the Crown Down Technique and rehabilitation with a Splendor-SAP fiberglass pin. Later, elements 11 and 21 were restored with direct veneers in composite resin using the incremental technique. Conclusion: Rehabilitation with the installation of a fiberglass post associated with the incremental layering technique in composite resin is a good option for aesthetic rehabilitation as it allows the anatomical shape of the tooth with rich details in the layering of dentin and enamel, in addition to maximum preservation of the tooth structure. The results obtained reinforce the aesthetic and functional success with a significant impact on the patient's quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Quality of Life , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dental Veneers , Incisor
7.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023219, 14 fev. 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516695

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: After the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, oral health care in Primary Health Care (PHC) services in Brazil focused on emergency care. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the number of emergency dental visits in PHC in Brazil. METHODS: This was an analytical and ecological study with data from the Health Information System for Primary Care referring to the number of attendances performed from March to December 2018 to 2020 in PHC services throughout Brazil for toothache, abscess, and dentoalveolar trauma. Differences between the monthly medians of the number of attendances before the pandemic (April to December 2018 and 2019) and during (April to December 2020) were analyzed using the independent-samples Mann-Whitney U test considering the interquartile ranges (IQR). RESULTS: Approximately 14 million cases were analyzed, with almost one-third of them occurring during the pandemic. There was a reduction in the median of the monthly number of emergency department visits in Brazil (-16.5%; p<0.031). Attendances for toothache reduced from a monthly median of 448,802.0 to 377,941.5 (IQR before [IQRa]: 416,291.7-506,150.5; IQR during [IQRd]: 310,251.0-454,206.5), dentoalveolar abscess attendances reduced from 34,929.0 to 27,705.5 (IQRa: 30,215.0-37,870.5; IQRd: 22,216.0-30,048.2) and to dentoalveolar trauma from 16,330.5 to 10,975.0 (IQRa: 14,800.0-18,472.7; IQRd: 8,111.2-13,527.5). CONCLUSION: Significant reductions were observed in the performance of emergency dental procedures in PHC during the COVID-19 pandemic.


INTRODUÇÃO: Após a instalação da pandemia da Covid-19, a atenção em saúde bucal nos serviços de Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no Brasil se concentrou nos atendimentos de urgência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da pandemia da COVID-19 no número de atendimentos a urgências odontológicas na APS no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo analítico e ecológico com dados do Sistema de Informação em Saúde para a Atenção Básica referentes ao número de atendimentos realizados de março a dezembro de 2018 a 2020 nos serviços de APS de todo o Brasil para dor de dente, abscesso e traumatismo dentoalveolares. Diferenças entre as medianas do número de atendimentos mensais antes da pandemia (abril a dezembro de 2018 e 2019) e durante (abril a dezembro de 2020) foram analisadas usando o teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney U para amostras independentes considerando os intervalos interquartílicos (IIQ). RESULTADOS: Foram analisados aproximadamente 14 milhões de atendimentos, sendo quase um terço deles ocorridos durante a pandemia. Houve redução na mediana do número mensal de atendimentos a urgências no Brasil (-16,5%; p<0,031). Atendimentos a dor de dente reduziram de uma mediana mensal de 448.802,0 para 377.941,5 (IIQ antes [IIQa]: 416.291,7-506.150,5; IIQ durante [IIQd]: 310.251,0-454.206,5), atendimentos de abscesso dentoalveolar reduziram de 34.929,0 para 27.705,5 (IIQa: 30.215,0-37.870,5; IIQd: 22.216,0-30.048,2) e a traumatismos dentoalveolares de 16.330,5 para 10.975,0 (IIQa: 14.800,0-18.472,7; IIQd: 8.111,2-13.527,5). CONCLUSÃO: Foram observadas reduções significativas na realização de procedimentos odontológicos de urgência na APS durante a pandemia de COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Dental Care , Health Information Systems , Ambulatory Care , COVID-19 , Periapical Abscess , Toothache , Brazil , Tooth Injuries , Ecological Studies
8.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 101-111, jan.-abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411345

ABSTRACT

Os traumatismos dentários são emergências comuns na prática odontológica, que podem variar desde uma fratura coronária até a avulsão do elemento dentário, onde a rapidez e a eficiência dos primeiros socorros estão diretamente ligadas ao sucesso do tratamento. O presente estudo visa relatar um caso de traumatismo dentário dos elementos 11, 12 e 13 em um adolescente, que foi vítima de queda durante uma partida de futebol, atendido em um hospital público de emergência no Rio de Janeiro, objetivando fornecer informações sobre as características clínicas da lesão e a abordagem terapêutica mais adequada para o caso estudado.


Dental trauma are common emergencies in the dentistry, which can range from a coronary fracture to avulsion of the dental element, where the speed and efficiency of first aid are directly linked to the success of treatment. The present study has the objective to report a case of dental trauma of elements 11, 12 and 13 in a teenager, who fell during a football match, that was attended in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro, aiming to provide information about clinical features of the lesion and the most appropriate therapeutic approach for the case studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Soccer , Wounds and Injuries , Clinical Protocols , Tooth Injuries
9.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 76 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516465

ABSTRACT

As lesões por luxação representam o grupo de lesões traumáticas dento-alveolares (LTDA) caracterizadas pelo dano simultâneo ao feixe vásculo-nervoso periapical e estruturas de sustentação dentária, em diferentes graus de complexidade, dependendo da força e direção do impacto. A patogenia das alterações pulpares decorrentes das luxações é resultado da extensão da lesão do feixe vásculo-nervoso apical e de sua capacidade de reparo, que determinam os seguintes desfechos para a polpa: manutenção da vitalidade pulpar, manutenção da vitalidade pulpar com obliteração da cavidade pulpar (OCP) ou a necrose pulpar. Entretanto, o processo de reparo pulpar pode envolver fenômenos intermediários cujos sinais e sintomas se modificam ao longo do período de acompanhamento até um diagnóstico definitivo. Sendo assim, do ponto de vista clinico, o tempo até a observação destas respostas, bem como seus fatores determinantes, representa uma informação tão importante quanto o próprio desfecho, pois tem influência direta na tomada de decisão sobre as condutas clinicas mais adequadas. A presente pesquisa consistiu num estudo clínico longitudinal retrospectivo com o objetivo de avaliar o prognóstico pulpar de dentes permanentes portadores de lesões por luxação, seu padrão cronológico e fatores determinantes, entre os pacientes atendidos na Clínica de Traumatismos Dentários da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais no período de 2014 a 2022. Foram analisados prontuários de 224 pacientes com 427 dentes permanentes portadores de luxações, acompanhados por um período mediano de 1,4 anos (variação de 11 dias a 6,9 anos). O padrão de resposta pulpar foi classificado como manutenção da vitalidade pulpar, OCP e necrose pulpar através da avaliação clínica e radiográfica. Uma análise de sobrevivência utilizando-se o modelo de riscos competitivos foi realizada e curvas de função de incidência acumulada (FIA) foram construídas para se avaliar as taxas de cada um dos desfechos pulpares utilizando-se o estimador de Aalen-Johansen. O efeito de variáveis independentes, incluindo sexo, idade do paciente no momento do trauma, estágio de desenvolvimento radicular, grupo dentário, tipo de luxação, presença de fratura coronária concomitante e prescrição de antibioticoterapia sistêmica (ATS), foi avaliado utilizando-se um modelo multivariado de Cox causa-específico. Os dados foram analisados no programa estatístico R (versão 4.0.4, Viena, Áustria, 2021). Os resultados demonstraram manutenção da vitalidade pulpar em 38,2% da amostra (163 dentes), necrose pulpar em 28,1% (120 dentes) e OCP em 12,9% da amostra (55 dentes). O tempo mediano para o diagnóstico de necrose pulpar foi de 3 meses, enquanto o tempo para vitalidade pulpar foi de 8 meses e para OCP foi de 16 meses A probabilidade de manutenção de vitalidade pulpar diminuiu significativamente com a ocorrência de fraturas coronárias de esmalte e dentina concomitantes (HR 0,38 IC 95% [0,2 ­ 0,8] p = 0,006). A taxa de necrose pulpar foi significativamente menor em dentes com forame apical amplo (HR 0,62 IC 95% [0,4 ­ 0,96] p = 0,03) mas aumentou significativamente em dentes com luxações associadas às fraturas coronárias (HR 4,0 IC 95% [2,6 - 6,1] p = 0,001) e em dentes portadores de luxações intrusivas (HR 2,3 IC 95% [1,2 - 4,1] p = 0,007). Dentes portadores de luxações laterais ou extrusivas (HR 3,0 IC 95% [1,3 ­ 6,9] p = 0,001) ou com forame amplo (HR 2,4 IC 95% [1,2 ­ 4,7] p=0.01) apresentaram as maiores taxas de OCP.


Luxation injuries are a group of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) that involve damage to both the pulp and periodontium, with different degrees of complexity. Pulp damage results from injury to the apical neuro-vascular bundle and, depending on the repair potential, may result in the following outcomes: maintenance of pulp vitality, maintenance of pulp vitality with pulp canal obliteration (PCO) or pulp necrosis. However, the pulp healing process may involve intermediate and reversible phenomena whose signs and symptoms mimic pulp necrosis, rendering the timing of these events critical for decision-making during the follow-up period. The present study consisted in a retrospective cohort to evaluate the pulpal prognosis of luxated permanent teeth, its chronological pattern and predictive factors, among patients treated at the Dental Trauma Clinic of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, from 2014 to 2021. Records of 224 patients with 427 permanent teeth with luxations, followed up for a median period of 1.4 years (ranging from 11 days to 6.9 years) were analysed. Pulp outcomes - maintenance of pulp vitality, PCO and pulp necrosis were defined trough clinical and radiographic evaluation. A competing risk survival analysis was performed and cumulative incidence function (CIF) curves were build using the Aalen-Johansen estimator to assess the rates of each of the pulp outcomes during the follow-up period. The effect of independent variables including patient's gender and age at the time of trauma, tooth group and stage of root development, type of luxation, concomitant injuries, systemic antibiotic therapy (SAT) prescription, was evaluated using a cause-specific Cox regression model. Data were analysed in the R statistical program (version 4.0.4, Vienna, Austria, 2021). The results showed maintenance of pulp vitality in 38.2% of the sample (163 teeth), pulp necrosis in 28.1% (120 teeth) and OCP in 12.9% of the sample (55 teeth). The median time for the diagnosis of pulp necrosis was 3 months, while the time for pulp vitality was 8 months and for PCO was 16 months. The hazards of pulp vitality significantly decreased with the occurrence of concomitant coronal fractures (HR 0 .38 95% CI [0.2 ­ 0.8] p = 0.006). The hazards of pulp necrosis was significantly lower in teeth with a wide apical foramen (HR 0.62 95% CI [0.4 ­ 0.96] p = 0.03) but increased significantly in teeth with luxations associated with crown fractures (HR 4.0 CI 95% [2.6 - 6.1] p = 0.001) and in teeth with intrusive displacement (HR 2.3 CI 95% [1.2 - 4.1] p = 0.007). Teeth with lateral or extrusive luxations (HR 3.0 CI 95% [1.3 ­ 6.9] p = 0.001) or with a wide foramen (HR 2.4 CI 95% [1.2 ­ 4.7] p =0.01) showed the highest rates of PCO.


Subject(s)
Tooth Avulsion , Wound Healing , Tooth Injuries , Risk Assessment , Dental Pulp
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-12, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516483

ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the effect of two natural cross-linkers on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and evaluate their influence on the durability of the resin dentin bonds. Material and Methods: the Moringa oleifera and Centella asiatica plant extracts were qualitatively tested with high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) for the presence of phenols. The phenolic content ranged from 27 to 30 gallic acid equivalents (GAE), µg/mg of dry weight. After etching, two concentrations (5% and 1%) of these two extracts were prepared and used as pretreatment liners on dentin. They were applied for a min. After restoration with resin composite, dentin resin beams were prepared. The study groups were 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa 5% Centella 1% Centella, and control (without cross-linker application). For each group, half of the samples underwent µTBS testing after 24 hours, while the remaining half were immersed in artificial saliva to assess the bond's longevity after 6 months of ageing. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test. Results: both 5% and 1% Moringa showed a significant difference (p<0.05) compared to the other groups at both intervals. However, after ageing, the specimens in the control and 1% Centella groups resulted in a significant decrease in µTBS. Conclusion: overall, both concentrations of Moringa (5% and 1%) were effective in stabilising the bond during both intervals.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar o efeito de dois reticuladores naturais na resistência de união (µTBS) à microtração e avaliar sua influência na durabilidade da adesão da resina à dentina. Material e Métodos: extratos das plantas Moringa oleifera e Centella asiatica foram qualitativamente testados através de cromatografia em camada fina de alta performance (HPTLC) para a presença de fenóis. O conteúdo fenólico alcançou entre 27 a 30 equivalentes de ácido gálico (GAE), µg/mg de peso seco. Após o condicionamento, duas concentrações (5% e 1%) dos extratos foram preparadas e utilizadas como forros de pré-tratamento em dentina. Eles foram aplicados por um minuto. Após a restauração com resina composta, palitos de dentina e resina foram preparados. Os grupos foram 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa, 5% Centella, 1% Centella e controle (sem aplicação de reticulador). Para cada grupo, metade das amostras foram submetidas ao teste µTBS após 24 horas, enquanto a outra metade foi imersa em saliva artificial para avaliar a longevidade adesiva após 6 meses de envelhecimento. Foi realizada análise estatística através de ANOVA 1-fator, seguido do teste post hoc de Tukey. Resultados: ambas as concentrações de 5% e 1% de Moringa demonstraram diferença significativa (p<0.05) comparadas aos outros grupos em ambos os intervalos. No entanto, após o envelhecimento, os espécimes dos geupos controle e 1% de Centella resultaram em uma redução significativa de µTBS. Conclusão: no geral, ambas as concentrações de Moringa (5% e 1%) foram efetivas em estabelecer a adesão em ambos os intervalos (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/analysis , Composite Resins/analysis , Cross-Linking Reagents/analysis , Centella/chemistry , Moringa oleifera/chemistry , Flavonoids/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tooth Injuries , Fibrillar Collagens/metabolism , Polyphenols/chemistry
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the presence of sequelae in primary teeth and their permanent successors, as well as associations between TDI and the presence of sequelae in both teeth. Material and Methods: In this 14-year retrospective study, 2.290 records were reviewed, 192 patients who suffered dental trauma in primary teeth were followed until the eruption of successor teeth were included. Descriptive, chi-square, and regression logistic with generalized estimating equations tests were performed (p<0.05). Results: 362 primary and successor teeth were followed. Sequelae were present in 71.8% of primary teeth and 25.7% of their successors. Teeth with complicated fracture (100%), extrusion (100%) and avulsion (100%) resulted in the largest amounts of sequelae in primary teeth and intrusion (61%) on their successors. Age was associated with sequelae in permanent teeth (p<0.01). Extrusion (OR 10.06; CI 2.12-47.63) and intrusion (OR 7.51; CI 2.73-20.70) had a higher risk to cause sequelae in primary and permanent teeth, respectively. Conclusion: The type of injury involved influenced the sequelae in traumatized teeth and their successors, and the age of the child influenced the presence of sequelae in permanent teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Radiography, Dental , Pediatric Dentistry/education , Tooth Injuries , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237398, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413756

ABSTRACT

Dental trauma is a public health problem because of its high prevalence rates and treatment costs and for affecting mainly younger individuals. Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the variables associated with dental trauma and its influence on oral health-related quality of life among 7th-grade students of public elementary schools. Methods: The data was collected with semi-structured and self-administered questionnaires and an intraoral clinical examination (n = 204). The variables collected regarded dental trauma, lip coverage, overjet, oral health-related quality of life (Child Perceptions Questionnaire - CPQ11-14 ISF: 8), and sociodemographic profile. Association tests and the Mann-Whitney test were performed at a 5% significance level. Results: Dental trauma occurred in 12.3% of students, 94.6% had adequate lip coverage, and the mean overjet was 2.7 mm (±2.0). Sex was the only variable with a statistically significant association with dental trauma (p = 0.021). There was no statistically significant difference in the CPQ11-14 ISF: 8 score between students with and without dental trauma (p = 0.136). Conclusions: Dental trauma was significantly associated with sex and did not impact the oral health-related quality of life of the students


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Education, Primary and Secondary
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(9): 433-436, 20220000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413381

ABSTRACT

El consumo, abuso y adicción de sustancias ilícitas, como por ejemplo la cocaína, es uno de los problemas de salud pública más preocupante en nuestro país, con diferentes índices en el conurbano. El uso de cocaína en estos medios produce daños en distintos órganos, entre los cuales podemos mencionar, corazón, cerebro, riñón y también en tejidos duros como los dientes, daños y lesiones a las que haremos referencia en este artículo. El caso presentado en este trabajo es el de un paciente de 21 años, que ingresa a la guardia por traumatismo de cráneo moderado producido por una colisión moto-autobús. Sus familiares no refieren antecedentes de enfermedades previas. Se interna en la Unidad de terapia intensiva; y llama la atención, al realizar el examen físico, las lesiones observadas en los dientes incisivos y premolares de la arcada dentaria superior.


The consumption, abuse, and addiction of illicit substances, such as cocaine, is one of the most worrying public health problems in our country, with different indices in the conurbano. The use of cocaine in these media produces damage to different organs, among which we can mention, heart, brain, kidney and also in hard tissues such as teeth, damage and injuries to which we will refer to this article. The case presented in this work is that of a 21-year-old patient, who enters the guard for moderate skull trauma produced by a motorcycle-autobus collision. His relatives do not refer to a history of previous diseases. It goes into the Intensive Therapy Unit; And it attracts attention, when performing the physical exam, the lesions observed in the incisive and premolars of the upper dental arcade


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Injuries/physiopathology , Cocaine-Related Disorders/complications
14.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(3): 32-39, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399763

ABSTRACT

Introdução. Decorrente do trauma local, durante a exodontia, ou pela falta de estímulos mastigatórios, a ausência dentária promove respostas biológicas que desencadeiam um processo de reabsorção óssea. A preservação óssea alveolar propõe minimizar a reabsorção óssea alveolar, promovendo maior biodisponibilidade óssea para a reabilitação por implantes dentários. Os implantes dentários são uma modalidade terapêutica eficaz para a reabilitação de ausências dentárias. Objetivo. relatar um caso de reabilitação por implante em alvéolo cicatrizado, após preservação alveolar. Relato de caso. Paciente A.L.L., sexo masculino, 23 anos, compareceu à clínica odontológica da UNIBRA. Ao exame físico observou-se ampla destruição coronária do elemento 25 e, ao exame radiográfico notou-se tratamento endodôntico. O tratamento proposto foi a exodontia minimamente traumática, preservação alveolar com matriz de colágeno e instalação de implante dentário em alvéolo cicatrizado. Discussão. Em desdentados, a falta de estímulos mastigatórios, promove um desequilíbrio no turnover ósseo, desencadeando um processo de reabsorção. A preservação alveolar por matriz de colágeno visa minimizar a reabsorção e fornecer maior biodisponibilidade óssea para a reabilitação por implantes. Conclusão. A preservação alveolar com a matriz de colágeno cumpriu com seu objetivo e, a reabilitação por implante dentário em alvéolo cicatrizado é uma modalidade eficaz na reabilitação de pacientes desdentados... (AU)


Introduction. Due to local trauma, during tooth extraction, or the lack of masticatory stimuli, the absence of teeth promotes biological responses that trigger a process of bone resorption. Alveolar bone promotion minimizes alveolar bone resorption, promoting high bone bioavailability for rehabilitation with dental implants. Dental implants are a treatment modality to edentulous. Objective. Report a case of implant rehabilitation in a healed socket after alveolar preservation. Case report. Patient A.L.L., male, 23 years old, attended the UNIBRA dental clinic. On physical examination, a wide coronary destruction of element 25 was observed and, on radiographic examination, endodontic treatment was noted. The proposed treatment was a minimally traumatic tooth extraction, alveolar preservation with collagen matrix and implant placement in healed sockets. Discussion. In edentulous patients, the lack of masticatory stimuli promotes an imbalance in bone turnover, triggering a resorption process. Alveolar preservation by collagen matrix aims to minimize resorption and provide greater bone bioavailability for implant rehabilitation. Conclusion. Alveolar preservation with collagen matrix fulfilled its objective, and rehabilitation by dental implant in a healed socket is an effective modality in the rehabilitation of edentulous patients... (AU)


Introducción. Por traumatismo local, durante la extracción dentaria, o por falta de estímulos masticatorios, la ausencia de dientes promueve respuestas biológicas que desencadenan un proceso de reabsorción ósea. La preservación ósea alveolar propone minimizar la reabsorción ósea alveolar, promoviendo una mayor biodisponibilidad ósea para la rehabilitación mediante implantes dentales. Los implantes dentales son una modalidad terapéutica eficaz para la rehabilitación de dientes perdidos. Objetivo. reportar un caso de rehabilitación con implantes en un alvéolo cicatrizado después de preservación alveolar. Reporte de un caso. Paciente A.L.L., masculino, 23 años, acudió a la clínica odontológica de la UNIBRA. El examen físico reveló destrucción coronaria extensa del elemento 25 y el examen radiográfico reveló tratamiento endodóntico. El tratamiento propuesto fue extracción dental mínimamente traumática, preservación alveolar con matriz de colágeno y colocación de implante dental en alvéolo cicatrizado. Discusión. En pacientes edéntulos, la falta de estímulos masticatorios promueve un desequilibrio en el recambio óseo, desencadenando un proceso de reabsorción. La preservación alveolar mediante matriz de colágeno tiene como objetivo minimizar la reabsorción y proporcionar una mayor biodisponibilidad ósea para la rehabilitación con implantes. Conclusión. La preservación alveolar con matriz de colágeno cumplió su objetivo, y la rehabilitación mediante implante dental en un alvéolo cicatrizado es una modalidad eficaz en la rehabilitación de pacientes edéntulos... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Surgery, Oral , Bone Resorption , Dental Implants , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Mouth Rehabilitation , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Injuries , Molar/surgery
15.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-8, may. 11, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400387

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the type and frequency of sequelae in permanent teeth as a result of traumatic dental injuries in primary teeth in pediatric patients attended to at the Hospital Base Valdivia, between 2007 and 2012. Material and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted. The medical records of pediatric patients who were affected by traumatic dental injuries in primary teeth and went to the Sub-department of Dentistry of the Hospital Base Valdivia, Chile, were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The recorded data was: age of the child at the time of the accident, gender, affected primary tooth, type of traumatic dental injuries, and diagnosis of the permanent successor tooth. Descriptive statistics were performed. A chi-square test was used to establish differences between type of traumatic dental injuries and condition of the permanent tooth. Results: The most frequent diagnosis of traumatic dental injuries in primary dentition was subluxation. The primary tooth with the highest frequency of traumatic dental injuries was the right maxillary central incisor; 58.2% of the permanent successors presented some developmental disturbances. The most frequent sequelae observed in permanent teeth were chronological alterations of the eruption. Conclusion: There is a high frequency of sequelae in permanent dentition as a result of trauma in primary dentition. The most frequent sequel observed was chronological alteration of the eruption. It is fundamental to inform parents about the possible consequences that could arise and emphasize the importance of attending periodic follow up in order to prevent or minimize possible sequelae in permanent teeth.


Objectivo: Determinar el tipo y frecuencia de secuelas en dientes permanentes como consecuencia de lesiones dentales traumáticas en dientes temporales en pacientes pediátricos atendidos en el Hospital Base Valdivia, entre los años 2007 y 2012. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo. Se seleccionaron las historias clínicas, según criterios de inclusión y exclusión, de pacientes pediátricos que sufrieron lesiones dentales traumáticas en dientes temporales y que acudieron al sub-departamento de Odontología del Hospital Base Valdivia, Chile. Los datos registrados fueron: edad en el momento del accidente, sexo, diente temporal afectado, tipo de lesiones dentales traumáticas y diagnóstico del diente sucesor permanente. Se realizó estadística descriptiva. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado para establecer diferencias entre el tipo de lesiones dentales traumáticas y el estado del diente permanente. Resultado: El diagnóstico más frecuente de lesiones dentales traumáticas en dentición temporal fue subluxación. El diente temporal con mayor frecuencia de lesiones dentales traumáticas fue el incisivo central superior derecho. El 58.2% de los dientes sucesores permanentes presentó alguna alteración del desarrollo. Las secuelas más frecuentes observadas fueron alteraciones cronológicas de la erupción. Conclusión: Existe una alta frecuencia de secuelas en la dentición permanente como consecuencia de traumatismos en la dentición temporal. La secuela más frecuente observada fue la alteración cronológica de la erupción. Es fundamental informar a los padres sobre las posibles consecuencias que podrían surgir y enfatizar la importancia de realizar un seguimiento periódico para prevenir o minimizar posibles secuelas en los dientes permanentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Chi-Square Distribution , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive
16.
Rev. odontopediatr. latinoam ; 12(1): 2204521, 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1419009

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es referir, a través de un reporte de caso clínico, a una paciente de sexo femenino de 9 años que sufrió una caída de su propia altura en el colegio. Inicialmente, la paciente acudió a urgencias en su ciudad natal, en la que al examen clínico se objetivó un traumatismo dentario en los dientes 11 y 21 y el diente 11 sufrió una luxación extrusiva leve, siendo reposicionada por el odontólogo que le brindó la primera atención. El examen radiográfico reveló una fractura radicular horizontal en el tercio medio de los dos incisivos centrales superiores. Los dientes fueron ferulizados con resina compuesta en los dientes proximales involucrados en el trauma. Posteriormente, la paciente fue remitida a la consulta de odontopediatría de la FOA-Unesp, donde recibió atención clínica y radiográfica por un período de diez años. No fue necesaria la intervención endodóntica en ambos dientes incisivos centrales, y los procesos de cicatrización se dieron de dos maneras diferentes. Cicatrización del diente 11 por interposición de hueso y tejido conectivo, y cicatrización del diente 21 por interposición de tejido conectivo. Después de diez años, los dientes se presentaban sin signos o síntomas significativos que requirieran una intervención invasiva. Se concluye que en un mismo paciente ocurren diferentes procesos de cicatrización en dientes muy próximos entre sí y que la cooperación del paciente en cuanto a cuidados, higiene bucal y asistencia a las citas de retorno, puede ser determinante para el éxito del tratamiento


The objective of this case report is to present a 9-year-old female patient who suffered horizontal root fracture in the middle third of the two upper central permanent incisors. The teeth were splinted with composite resin in the proximal teeth involved in the trauma. After, the patient was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic, where she received clinical and radiographic care for a period of ten years. Endodontic intervention was not necessary on both central incisors teeth. Tooth 11 healing by interposition of bone and connective tissue, and teeth 21 healing by interposition of connective tissue. After ten years, the teeth presented without any significant signs or symptoms requiring an invasive intervention. It is concluded that the patient's cooperation regarding care, oral hygiene and attendance at the return appointments, can be decisive for the success of the treatment


O objetivo deste trabalho é referir-se, por meio de um relato de caso clínico, sobre um paciente de 9 anos de idade, sexo feminino, que sofreu queda da própria altura na escola. A paciente recebeu atendimento em sua cidade de origem, em que ao exame clínico foi observado traumatismo dentário sobre os dentes 11 e 21 e o dente 11 sofreu suave luxação extrusiva sendo reposicionado pelo cirurgião dentista que prestou os primeiros atendimentos. Ao exame radiográfico foi constatada fratura radicular horizontal de terço médio nos dois elementos dentários. Foi realizada a contenção dos dentes com resina composta nas proximais dos dentes envolvidos no trauma. A paciente foi encaminhada para a clínica de Odontopediatria da FOA-Unesp onde recebeu atendimento clínico e radiográfico por um período de dez anos, sem que a mesma apresentasse sinais ou sintomas significativos que necessitasse de uma intervenção invasiva. Dessa forma, infere-se que uma correta atuação no primeiro atendimento e a proservação do caso, pode ser determinante para o sucesso do tratamento, assim como a colaboração do paciente quanto aos cuidados, higienização bucal e comparecimento nas consultas de retorno


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth Injuries , Attention , X-Rays , Patient Compliance , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422248

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of medical and dental students regarding the emergency management of avulsed teeth. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional survey study was performed on 1841 students. Medical (n=746) and dental (n=845) students from different universities were included in this study. A questionnaire about the emergency management of avulsed teeth was conducted on the students. Also, 250 medical students from 3rd grade were included in the study and trained. The questionnaire was applied twice, before and after the training on the subject. Results: The mean correct answer scores were similar among the medical students in different grades (p>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the trained medical students and clinical dental students' correct answer scores, but there was a significant difference between the pre-clinical (1st-2nd-3rd years) and clinical (4th-5th years) dental students (p<0.01). Conclusion: Medical and preclinical dental students had lack of knowledge about the emergency management of avulsed teeth, while clinical dental and trained medical students were very knowledgeable. This result indicates the importance of education (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , School Dentistry/education , Schools, Medical , Students, Dental , Students, Medical , Tooth Avulsion/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries , Turkey/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210111, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422276

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the pattern of traumatic dental injuries among children, adolescents, and adults. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytic study of children and adults who presented with dental trauma. Data utilized for this study were sociodemographic characteristics, history of the traumatic incident, presenting complaints, traumatized teeth and classification of the traumatized tissues using Ellis and Davey's classification. Results: A total of 163 participants with 307 traumatized teeth were included in the study. The participants' age ranged from 2 years to 75 years, with a mean age of 25.36 ±15.4 years. Children <10 years were the least represented (14.7%), adolescents 10-19 years accounted for 23.9%., young adults 20 to 40 years were the most represented (44.8%) and older adults >40 years (16.6%). A higher proportion of the study participants were female 83 (50.9%) and the most prevalent complaint was broken teeth (57.1%) The most prevalent aetiology of the trauma documented was fall (36.2%). The most prevalent injury type was extended crown fracture with noticeable dentinal involvement without pulp exposure. There was a statistically significant association between injury type, aetiology and age group. Conclusion: Traumatic dental injuries affect children, adolescents and adults alike. The central incisors were the most vulnerable teeth across all age groups. Age was significantly associated with the etiology of dental trauma and injury type (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tooth Fractures/etiology , Toothache/etiology , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Incisor/injuries , Age Groups , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Nigeria/epidemiology
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422291

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between oral health problems and being ashamed of smiling or speaking among Brazilian adolescents. Material and Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study carried out with secondary data from 7,328 12-year-old Brazilian adolescents from the latest Brazilian national oral health survey (SB Brasil 2010). The question "In the previous 6 months, have you been ashamed of smiling or speaking due to your teeth?" was the outcome variable. Calibrated examiners performed clinical examinations on adolescents for the diagnosis of dental caries (DMF-T), dental trauma, dental fluorosis and occlusal alterations. Data were analyzed descriptively and by Poisson unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression analysis (p<0.05). The final model was controlled by family income. Results: The prevalence of being ashamed of smiling or speaking was 13.6%. The following variables were associated with the outcome: female sex (PR= 1.33; 95% CI: 1.17-1.53), cavitated dental caries on upper incisors (PR= 1.81; 95% CI: 1.51-2.15), dental trauma (PR= 1.36; 95% CI:1.16-1.60), increased maxillary overjet (PR= 1.36; 95% CI:1.18-1.57), dental crowding (PR= 1.60; 95% CI:1.40-1.83), midline diastema (PR= 1.30; 95% CI:1.11-1.44), tooth loss (PR= 1.45; 95% CI:1.16-1.80), mild/questionable dental fluorosis (PR= 1.23; 95% CI:1.06-1.44) and moderate/severe dental fluorosis (PR= 1.67; 95% CI:1.15-2.44). Conclusion: Oral health problems that impact dental aesthetics were predisposing factors for being ashamed of smiling or speaking in Brazilian adolescents (AU).


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Fluorosis, Dental , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Collection/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis
20.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220027, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1409930

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Traumatismos dentários são considerados problema de saúde pública, sendo a segunda maior demanda de urgências odontológicas, tendo sua maior ocorrência em ambiente escolar, atribuindo aos professores a responsabilidade de adotar as primeiras condutas. Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento de acadêmicos do último ano dos cursos de educação física e pedagogia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo frente aos traumatismos dentários. Material e método: Estudo descritivo transversal onde foram aplicados 106 questionários, sendo 55 no curso de pedagogia e 51 no curso de educação física envolvendo dados sociodemográficos e conhecimento sobre injúrias dentárias. A análise estatística foi feita por meio do pacote estatístico SPSS 20. Resultado: 98,1% dos entrevistados não tiveram treinamento sobre traumatismos, 92,5% não se julgam aptos a prestar socorro diante de um trauma, mas consideram importante (55,7%). Sobre a avulsão dentária a maioria respondeu que não reimplantaria e não possuem conhecimento sobre o tempo apropriado bem como é feito o armazenamento/transporte do elemento dentário. Conclusão: Os futuros docentes demonstraram despreparo e conhecimento deficiente diante das condutas em traumatismos, favorecendo prognósticos desfavoráveis, impactando negativamente na qualidade de vida das vítimas, no tocante a aspectos estéticos, funcionais e psicológicos. Evidencia-se, portanto, necessidade de treinamento e capacitação destes durante sua formação profissional


Introduction: Dental trauma is considered a public health problem, being the second most prominent dental emergency, whose greatest occurrence is in schools, assigning teachers the responsibility of administering first aid. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of dental trauma among final-year's students of pedagogy and physical education courses at the Federal University of Espírito Santo. Material and method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was applied. A total of 106 questionnaires were answered by 55 students from the physical education course and 51, from the pedagogy course; comprised of ciodemographic data and knowledge of dental injuries. Statistical analysis was done using the statistical package SPSS 20. Result: 98.1% of the interviewees had no training on trauma, 92.5% considered themselves incapable of providing help when facing trauma, but considered the ability important (55.7%). When asked about tooth avulsion, most of them answered that they would not reimplant the tooth, were not aware of the appropriate time window to do so, or how the storage/transportation of the dental element was to be done. Conclusion: These future teachers showed unpreparedness and deficient knowledge Evaluation of the knowledge regarding trauma treatment procedures, favoring unfavorable prognoses which would negatively impact the quality of life of the victims in terms of aesthetic, functional and psychological aspects. Therefore, the need for dental trauma education during their professional training is evident


Subject(s)
Physical Education and Training , Prognosis , Teaching , Public Health , Tooth Injuries , Knowledge , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Faculty
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