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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 708-714, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396514

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal es consecuencia, en la gran mayoría de casos, de dehiscencia del muñón vaginal posterior a histerectomía en pacientes postmenopáusicas. A través de la dehiscencia vaginal se produce la salida del contenido abdominopélvico, que puede presentarse como una evisceración simple, incarceración, obstrucción, estrangulamiento y perforación de un asa intestinal. Caso clínico. Mujer de 78 años, con antecedente inmediato de colpocleisis y colporrafia con malla de polipropileno por prolapso vaginal, que presentó dehiscencia del muñón vaginal debido a rechazo de la malla, que condicionó la solución de continuidad de la pared vaginal, con prolapso, incarceración, obstrucción y perforación de íleon. Con el diagnóstico de evisceración intestinal transvaginal incarcerada con perforación intestinal se llevó a tratamiento quirúrgico, con abordaje inicial por vía vaginal para liberar el asa intestinal, luego por laparotomía se realizó resección y anastomosis de íleon, sacrocolpopexia con malla y plastia de Douglas. Presentó buena evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal con perforación intestinal es una entidad de muy rara presentación. El órgano más frecuentemente comprometido es el intestino delgado, especialmente el íleon. Puede complicarse con incarceración, obstrucción intestinal, isquemia y perforación. El manejo quirúrgico involucra resección intestinal, cuando hay signos de necrosis, con reparación y fijación del muñón vaginal.


Introduction. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration is a consequence, in the vast majority of cases, of dehiscence of the vaginal stump after hysterectomy in postmenopausal patients. Through vaginal dehiscence, the exit of the abdominopelvic content occurs, which can present as a simple evisceration, incarceration, obstruction, strangulation and perforation of an intestinal loop. Clinical case. A 78-year-old woman with an immediate history of colpocleisis and polypropylene mesh colporrhaphy due to vaginal prolapse, presents dehiscence of the vaginal stump caused by rejection of the mesh that conditioned the solution of continuity of the vaginal wall, prolapse, incarceration, obstruction and perforation of the ileum. Surgical treatment was performed with the diagnosis of incarcerated transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation. The initial approach was to free the intestinal loop vaginally, followed by laparotomy, ileal resection and anastomosis, mesh sacrocolpopexy, and Douglas plasty were performed. He presented good postoperative evolution.Conclussion. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation is a very rare entity. The most common organ involved is the small intestine, especially the ileum. It can be complicated by incarceration, intestinal obstruction, ischemia, and perforation. Surgical management involves intestinal resection, when there are signs of necrosis, with repair and fixation of the vaginal stump.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Vagina , Intestinal Perforation , Pelvic Exenteration , Pelvic Floor , Ileum
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(1): 37-40, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1369159

ABSTRACT

El sangrado genital en niñas prepúberes es un signo poco frecuente y siempre requiere determinar su causa. Se necesitan una detallada anamnesis y examen físico, con el conocimiento adecuado de la anatomía uroginecológica, y, en muchos casos, estudios de imágenes y exámenes complementarios, para arribar al diagnóstico. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 7 años con sangrado genital, cuyo examen físico y estudios complementarios fueron poco concluyentes, y que requirió un procedimiento invasivo para su resolución. (AU)


Genital bleeding in prepubertal girls is a rare sign and always requires determining its cause. A detailed history and physical examination are needed, with adequate knowledge of urogynecological anatomy, and in many cases, imaging studies and complementary tests, to arrive at the diagnosis. We present the case of a 7-year-old girl with genital bleeding, whose physical examination and complementary studies were inconclusive, requiring an invasive procedure for its resolution. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Vagina/injuries , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Paper , Ultrasonography , Gynecological Examination
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 198-199, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356291

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The transverse vaginal septum (TVS) with congenital urethra-vaginal fistula (CUVF) is a rare anomaly of the mullerian duct (1, 2). Incomplete channelling of the vaginal plate, or an abnormality in the fusion of the vaginal component of mullerian duct with the urogenital sinus results in TVS (1, 3, 4). High CUVF occurs due to the persistent communication between the urogenital sinus and utero-vaginal primordium at the tubercle sinus, whereas low CUVF is due to excessive apoptosis of the vaginal plate during channelling (5). The principles of management of CUVF with TVS include: 1) TVS resection, 2) Create a neovagina. We present a case of CUVF with TVS managed by robotic assistance. Material and methods: A 24-year-old female, married for 3 years, presented with cyclical hematuria since menarche, dyspareunia and primary infertility. Examination revealed blind ending vagina 4cm from the introitus. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a fistulous communication between urethra and vagina, and TVS. Cystourethroscopy confirmed a proximal urethra-vaginal fistula. Urethroscopy guided puncture of the TVS was performed, tract dilated and a catheter was placed across it. Robotic assisted transvaginal approach was planned. Air docking of robot was performed. Traction on the catheter was given to identify the incised edges of the septum. Vaginal flaps were raised laterally, fistulous tract was excised. Proximal vagina mucosa was identified and vaginoplasty was performed. Result: Patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful. Urethral catheter was removed after 5 days. She had normal voiding and menstruation. Vaginoscopy performed at 1st month follow-up, revealed an adequate vaginal lumen. Vaginal moulds were advised for 6 weeks during the night, following which she resumed her sexual activity. She conceived 6 months post-surgery, and delivered a child by caesarean section. Conclusion: We successfully managed this case by resection of septum, neovagina creation and thereby achieving normal menstruation and conception. The advantages of robotic approach were magnification, precision and manoeuvrability in a limited space, avoiding a vaginal release incision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaginal Diseases , Vaginal Fistula/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Urethra/surgery , Urethra/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/surgery
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369851

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The majority of pregnant women with a short cervix will deliver at term and, thus, may unnecessarily receive advanced monitoring and treatment. It is still necessary to define more accurately which sub-population of women with a short cervix is at elevated risk for early delivery. Objective: To determine if vaginal microbiome composition influenced the rate of spontaneous preterm birth in women with a short cervical length. Methods: In an exploratory, observational prospective study, vaginal secretions were obtained from 591 women at 21­24 week gestation. Vaginal microbiome composition was determined by analyzing the V1­V3 region of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Results: Lactobacillus crispatus was numerically dominant in the vagina in 41.7% of subjects, followed by L. iners in 32% and Gardnerella vaginalis in 12%. In women whose cervix was ≤25mm, the sensitivity to predict an spontaneous preterm birth was 11.8%. However, when L. crispatus was not the dominant vaginal bacterium, this sensitivity increased to 81.8%. Similarly, in women with a cervical length ≤30mm, the sensitivity to predict an spontaneous preterm birth increased from 21.7 to 78.3% when L. crispatus was not the dominant vaginal bacterium.In women with a prior spontaneous preterm birth and a cervix ≤25 or ≤30mm, L. crispatus dominance was also associated with a reduced rate of spontaneous preterm birth in the current pregnancy (p<0.001). Conclusion: In pregnant women with a cervix ≤25mm or ≤30mm, the risk for an spontaneous preterm birth is increased if L. crispatus is not dominant in the vagina.


Introdução: A maioria das mulheres grávidas com colo do útero curto dará à luz a termo e, portanto, pode receber desnecessariamente monitoramento e tratamento avançados. Permanece a necessidade de definir com mais precisão qual subpopulação de mulheres com colo do útero curto está em risco elevado de parto prematuro. Objetivo: Determinar se a composição do microbioma vaginal influenciou a taxa de parto prematuro espontâneo em mulheres com colo curto. Métodos: Em um estudo prospectivo exploratório observacional, os conteúdos vaginais foram obtidos de 591 mulheres com 21­24 semanas de gestação. A composição do microbioma vaginal foi determinada pela análise da região V1­V3 do gene de RNA ribossômico bacteriano 16S. Resultados: Lactobacilluscrispatus foi numericamente dominante na vagina em 41,7% dos indivíduos, seguido por L. iners em 32% e Gardnerella vaginalis em 12%. Em mulheres cujo colo do útero era <25 mm, a sensibilidade para prever uma taxa de parto prematuro espontâneo foi de 11,8%. No entanto, quando L. crispatus não era a bactéria vaginal dominante, essa sensibilidade aumentou para 81,8%. Da mesma forma, em mulheres com comprimento cervical <30 mm, a sensibilidade para prever uma taxa de parto prematuro espontâneo aumentou de 21,7 para 78,3% quando L. crispatus não era a bactéria vaginal dominante. Em mulheres com taxa de parto prematuro espontâneo anterior e colo do útero <25 ou <30 mm, a dominância de L. crispatus também foi associada a uma taxa reduzida de taxa de parto prematuro espontâneo na gravidez atual (p<0,001). Conclusão: Em mulheres grávidas com colo do útero <25 ou <30 mm, o risco de parto prematuro espontâneo é aumentado se L. crispatus não for dominante na vagina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Vagina/microbiology , Microbiota , Lactobacillus crispatus , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Prospective Studies , Cervical Length Measurement
6.
African Health Sciences ; 22(1): 88-91, March 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400435

ABSTRACT

in the ten (10) regions of Ghana. The findings showed that most girls in Public Senior High Schools in Ghana had prior knowledge about menstruation from their mothers and sisters prior to menarche. It was revealed that majority of the girls mentioned hormones as the cause of menstruation, whilst others mentioned the uterus, bladder, vagina, and other parts of the female reproductive system. A few of them had no idea what causes menstruation. The findings again revealed that most girls use sanitary pads, while some use other materials during menstruation. Less than half of the sample of girls in this study were able to change their pads twice daily or more. About half of the girls cleansed their genital parts only when bathing during menstruation using soup and water mostly. Half of the schools used public tap/standpipe as their main source of water and the rest used other sources of water. Also, most schools have toilet facilities. Some useful recommendations are proffered with the aim of improving MHM in public high schools in Ghana


Subject(s)
Uterus , Vagina , Urinary Bladder , Fear , Hormones , Menstruation , Anxiety , Education, Primary and Secondary , Cisgender Persons , Ghana
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#A Japanese woman in her early twenties had committed suicide, jumped from a 25-meter high bridge into a lake. She had been suffering from severe dysmenorrhea and general fatigue monthly.@*RESULTS@#A forensic autopsy revealed indications of a bicorporeal uterus, obstructed hemi-vagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis, which lead to a diagnosis of obstructed hemi-vagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome. On the right side of the uterus, an enclosed cavity composed of black clots was observed. Histological findings suggested that her endometrium was in the early proliferative phase, implying that she was in the menstrual phase just before her death. She may have been suffering from severe lower abdominal pain from the increased pressure of the closed uterus cavity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This case indicates that dysmenorrhea from undiagnosed OHVIRA syndrome can possibly lead to a suicide attempt. In Japan, because suicide was the leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 39 in 2019, preventive measures for suicide should be promoted. The present case also suggests that intervention for dysmenorrhea may prevent this in adolescent woman.


Subject(s)
Adult , Causality , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Female , Humans , Kidney , Syndrome , Vagina , Young Adult
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1160-1161, Nov.-Dec. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340042
10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 435-443, oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388679

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El deterioro de la función sexual asociado a la dispareunia después del parto es una importante preocupación para muchas mujeres. OBJETIVO: Establecer la prevalencia y caracterizar los factores asociados a la dispareunia en mujeres con antecedente de parto vaginal o cesárea. MÉTODO: Estudio de corte transversal realizado en 975 mujeres mayores de 18 años, residentes en Armenia (Colombia), con 6 meses o más en posparto (vaginal o cesárea), sexualmente activas, entre 2013 y 2017. Se utilizó como instrumento el Índice de Función Sexual Femenino Abreviado (IFSFA-6). Se midieron variables sociodemográficas y obstétricas relacionadas con la dispareunia. Se hizo estadística descriptiva. Los factores asociados se evaluaron comparando los dos grupos mediante odds ratio (OR) e intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: La edad promedio fue de 27,12 ± 4,48 años. La prevalencia de dispareunia fue del 35,69%. Los factores de riesgo más involucrados fueron la episiotomía (OR: 1,58; IC95%: 1,29-2,15; p = 0,003), el parto instrumentado (OR: 1,91; IC95%: 1,31-3,17; p = 0,027), haber tenido tres o más partos vaginales (OR: 1,85; IC95%: 1,42-2,46; p < 0,001)] y haber tenido dos o más cesáreas (OR: 1,64; IC95%: 1,27-2,18; p < 0,001). Las mujeres con dispareunia tienen menos encuentros sexuales semanales (2; rango: 0-3) que las mujeres sin dispareunia (5; rango: 2-7) (p = 0,003). CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de dispareunia en el posparto, en las mujeres de Armenia, sobrepasa un tercio de la población. Se hace necesario promover programas preventivos, dirigidos a los profesionales de la salud que asisten a la mujer durante el parto, acerca del análisis de la verdadera necesidad de la episiotomía o la cesárea.


INTRODUCTION: The deterioration of sexual function, associated with dyspareunia after childbirth, is an important concern for many women. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence and characterize the factors associated with dyspareunia in women, with a history of vaginal delivery or cesarean section. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, carried out in 975 sexually active women older than 18 years, residents in Armenia (Colombia), with 6 or more months postpartum (vaginal deliveries and cesarean sections); between 2013 and 2017. The Abbreviated Female Sexual Function Index (IFSFA-6) was used as an instrument. Sociodemographic and obstetric variables related to dyspareunia were measured. Descriptive statistics were made. Associated factors were evaluated comparing the two groups using odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS: The average age was 27.12 ± 4.48 years. The prevalence of dyspareunia was 35.69%. The risk factors most involved were: episiotomy (OR: 1.58; 95% CI: 1.29-2.15; p = 0.003), instrumented delivery (OR: 1.91; 95% CI: 1.31-3.17; p = 0.027), three or more vaginal deliveries (OR: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.42-2.46; p < 0.001) and two or more caesarean sections (OR: 1.64; 95% CI: 1.27-2.18; p < 0.001). Women with dyspareunia have fewer weekly sexual encounters (2; range: 0-3) than women without dyspareunia (5; range: 2-7) (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dyspareunia in postpartum, in Armenian women, exceeds 1/3 of the population. It is necessary to promote preventive programs, aimed at health professionals who assist women during childbirth, regarding the analysis of the true need for episiotomy or cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dyspareunia/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Vagina , Cesarean Section , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Coitus , Colombia , Delivery, Obstetric , Postpartum Period
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(5): 634-638, oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388296

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El COVID-19 es eminentemente una infección de transmisión e inicio respiratorio, se discute la existencia de otras fuentes de contagio. El receptor viral ACE2 también ha sido detectado en el útero y en la vagina; de allí se ha planteado el compromiso del virus SARS-CoV-2 sobre el sistema genitourinario y sus posibles repercusiones en el embarazo. OBJETIVO: Determinar la presencia de SARS-CoV-2 en muestras endocervicales de mujeres con COVID-19 en departamentos del Paraguay. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Diseño observacional prospectivo, de corte transverso. Se reclutaron 200 mujeres desde agosto 2020 hasta febrero 2021, con no más de 48/72 h de un resultado previo positivo de hisopado nasofaríngeo para SARS-CoV-2 por retrotranscriptasa reversa-reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (en inglés rt-RT-PCR) y que aceptaron ingresar al estudio. Se llenó un cuestionario clínico epidemiológico. Las tomas de muestras se realizaron en servicios de salud del Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social (MSP y BS), domicilios y albergues de los distintos departamentos de Paraguay. Cada paciente fue sometida a un hisopado con hisopos de dacron o citobrush endocervical para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 por rt RT-PCR. Resultados: Las mujeres estudiadas tenían una edad media de 46,5 años (IC 95% 31,5-62,5). Refirieron contagio comunitario con SARS-CoV-2 en 75,5%, 13,5% en el hogar, 8,5% en el lugar de trabajo y 1,5% en el extranjero. Las manifestaciones clínicas fueron: 30%, síndrome gripal, fiebre 22,5%, tos 20%, anosmia 15,5%, trastornos digestivos 15,5%, y otros se presentaron con menor frecuencia. Las muestras de hisopados o citobrush endocervical sometidas a rt-RT-PCR para la deteccción de SARS Cov-2, resultaron negativas en las 200 mujeres de estudio. Discusión: Cabe destacar que las muestras vaginales fueron tomadas dentro de las 24-72 h de haber obtenido un resultado positivo para SARS-CoV-2 en el hisopado nasofaríngeo y que 62,5% de las mujeres se encontraban internadas en módulos respiratorios. Se discute la razón de la negatividad de los exámenes y su trascendencia. CONCLUSIÓN: No se detectó infección con SARS-CoV-2 en la región endocervical de 200 mujeres con manifestaciones clínicas de COVID 19 y evaluadas dentro de las 48/72 h de un resultado positivo nasofaríngeo para SARS Cov-2. Los resultados en la población de estudio concuerdan con otros estudios reportados en la literatura científica.


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is an eminently respiratory transmissible infection of respiratory initiation, the existence of other sources of contagion is discussed. The ACE2 viral receptor has also been detected in the uterus and vagina; Hence, the involvement of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the genitourinary system and its possible repercussions on pregnancy has been raised. AIM: To determine the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in endocervical samples of women with COVID-19 in the departments of Paraguay. METHODS: Designed as a prospective observational of transverse cohort. Two hundred women were recruited from August 2020 to February 2021, with no more than 48/72 hours of a previous positive nasopharyngeal swab result for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rt-RT-PCR) and who agreed to participate in the study. A clinical epidemiological questionnaire was completed. The samples were taken in health services of the MSPYBS (Public Ministry of Health and Social Welfare), homes and shelters in the different departments of Paraguay. Each patient underwent a swab (dacron swabs) or endocervical cytobrush for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 by rt-RT-PCR. RESULTS: Women recruited had a mean age of 46.5 years (95% CI 31,562.5). They reported contagion with SARS-CoV-2: 75.5% in the community, 13.5% at home, 8.5% in the place of work and 1.5% abroad. The clinical manifestations were: 30% flu syndrome, 22.5% fever, 20% cough, 15.5% anosmia, 15.5% digestive disorders, among other symptoms. The swabs or endocervical cytobrush samples subjected to rt-RT-PCR for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 were negative in the 200 study women. Discussion: It should be noted that the vaginal samples were taken within 24-72 hours after obtaining a positive result for SARS-CoV-2 in the nasopharyngeal swab and that 62.5% of the women were hospitalized in respiratory modules. The reason for the negativity of the exams and their significance are discussed. CONCLUSION: No SARS Cov-2 infection was detected in the endocervical region of 200 women with clinical manifestations of COVID 19 and evaluated within 48/72 hours of a positive nasopharyngeal result for SARS Cov-2. The results in the study population agree with the findings of other studies reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cervix Uteri/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/diagnosis , Paraguay/epidemiology , Specimen Handling , Vagina/virology , Nasopharynx , Prospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , COVID-19/transmission
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 861-867, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286762

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: 46,XX Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains the first cause of genital virilization and current surgical techniques aim to restore female aspect of genitalia while preserving dorsal neurovascular bundle but not at the expense of not preserving erectile tissue. We aim to report our experience with a new surgical technique for clitoroplasty, completely preserving corporeal bodies, neurovascular bundles without dismembering the clitoris, in four patients with over a year follow up. Materials and Methods: After IRB approval four patients with 46,XX CAH and Prader 5 and 3 external genitalia, underwent feminizing genitoplasty. Complete preservation of erectile tissue was accomplished without a need to dissect dorsal neurovascular bundle. Glans size allowed no need for glanular reduction and there was no need to dismember the corporeal bodies. Results: Four patients 12 to 24-months-old underwent complete corporeal preservation clitoroplasty (CCPC), mean age was 18.5 months, mean follow up was 10.25 months. Vaginoplasty was performed in all patients with partial urogenital mobilization (PUM) and Urogenital Sinus flap (UF), only one severely virilized patient required a parasagittal pre-rectal approach to mobilize the vagina. We had no complications until last follow up. Conclusion: To our knowledge, we are introducing the concept of CCPC without the need of disassembling the corporeal bodies, neurovascular bundle and glans. It stands as a new alternative for feminizing genitoplasty with complete preservation of erectile tissue and no dissection of neurovascular bundle. Although there is still lacking long-term follow-up, it represents a new step in conservative reconfiguration of the external virilized female genitalia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps , Vagina/surgery , Clitoris/surgery , Genitalia, Female/surgery
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(3): 178-184, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251297

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to explore the opinion and ethical consideration of vulvovaginal aesthetics procedures (VVAPs) among health professionals and medical students in Saudi Arabia. Methods This is a cross-sectional study performed between January 2020 and April 2020. Data was collected through electronic media, WhatsApp, and emails. The results were analyzed by applying the Students t-test, and correlations were considered significant if they presented a p-value<0.05. Results There is significant demand to educate doctors, health professionals, medical students, and gynecologists for the VVAPs to have a solid foundation, justified indications, and knowledge about various aesthetic options. Although female doctors, medical students, young doctors, and gynecologists have more knowledge about VVAPs, all health professionals ought to be aware of recent trends in vulvovaginal aesthetics (VVA). The present analysis determined that VVA should be under the domain of gynecologists, rather than under that of plastic surgeons, general surgeons, and cosmetologists. Themajority of the participants considered that vaginal rejuvenation, "G-spot" augmentation, clitoral surgery, and hymenoplasty are not justifiable on medical grounds. Conclusion The decision to opt for different techniques for vaginal tightening and revitalization should be taken very carefully, utilizing the shared decision-making approach. Ethical aspects and moral considerations are important key factors before embarking in the VVAPs purely for cosmetic reasons. Further research is required to determine the sexual, psychological, and body image outcomes for women who underwent elective VVAPs. Moreover, medical educators must consider VVAPs as part of the undergraduate and postgraduate medical curriculum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical , Vagina/surgery , Vulva/surgery , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Health Personnel , Rejuvenation , Saudi Arabia , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Electronic Health Records , Gynecology , Middle Aged
15.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286966

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The literature on the safety and long-term sequelae of transrectal and transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscesses is limited. We evaluated the outcomes and safety of pelvic abscess drainage by interventional radiology at our institution. Methods After obtaining institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of transrectal and transvaginal pelvic abscesses drainage using computed tomography, endorectal ultrasound, and or fluoroscopy. Results The study included 26 patients, with an age range of 24 to 88 years old, out of whom 53.8% were men. A total of 46.1% of the participants were African Americans and 26.9% were Caucasians. The average body mass index was 28.4 (range: 15.6 to 41.9). The most common etiology was penetrating abdominal injury (27%), followed by appendectomy (23%), diverticular disease (11.5%), anastomotic leak (11.5%), and disorders of gynecological causes (11.5%). The mean abscess diameter was 6.3 cm (range: 3.3 to 10.0 cm). Transrectal drainage was performed in all except one patient who had a transvaginal drainage. Transrectal ultrasound was used for drainage in 92.3% cases, and fluoroscopy was used as an additional imaging modality in 75% of the cases. An 8- or 10-Fr pigtail catheter was used in>80% of the patients. Drains were removed between 2 and 7 days in 92.3% of the cases. The average follow-up was 30.4 months (range: 1 to 107 months), and no long-term complications were reported. Only one patient required subsequent operative intervention for an anastomotic leak. Conclusions Pelvic abscess drainage by transrectal route using radiological guidance is a safe and effective procedure.


Resumo Objetivo A literatura sobre a segurança e as sequelas no longo prazo da drenagem transretal e transvaginal do abscesso pélvico é limitada. Avaliamos os resultados e a segurança da drenagem do abscesso pélvico por radiologia intervencionista em nossa instituição. Métodos Após obter a aprovação do conselho de revisão institucional, avaliamos retrospectivamente os resultados da drenagem de abscessos pélvicos transretais e transvaginais por meio de tomografia computadorizada, ultrassom endorretal, e/ou fluoroscopia. Resultados Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes, com faixa etária de 24 a 88 anos, dos quais 53,8% eram homens. Um total de 46,1% eram afro-descendentes, e 26,9% eram brancos. O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 28,4 (gama: 15,6 a 41,9). A etiologia mais comum foi lesão abdominal penetrante (27%), seguida de apendicectomia (23%), doença diverticular (11,5%), fístula anastomótica (11,5%) e distúrbios de causas ginecológicas (11,5%). O diâmetro médio do abscesso foi de 6,3 cm(gama: 3,3 a 10,0 cm). A drenagem transretal foi realizada em todos os pacientes, com exceção de uma, que foi submetida a uma drenagem transvaginal. A ultrassonografia transretal foi utilizada para drenagem em 92,3% dos casos, e a fluoroscopia como modalidade adicional de imagem, em 75% dos casos. Um catéter duplo J de 8 ou 10 Fr foi usado em>80% dos pacientes. Os drenos foram retirados entre 2 e 7 dias em 92,3% dos casos. O acompanhamentomédio foi de 30,4meses (gama: 1 a 107 meses), e nenhuma complicação de longo prazo foi relatada. Apenas um paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica subsequente para um vazamento anastomótico. Conclusão A drenagem do abscesso pélvico por via transretal com orientação radiológica é um procedimento seguro e eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/physiopathology , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/methods , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(1): 15-20, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, fig, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223459

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La ausencia vaginal tiene un impacto devastador en paciente transgénero de hombre a mujer, por lo tanto, es primordial crear una neovagina de funcionamiento normal con satisfacción sexual, apariencia estética óptima y a su vez las características de micción femenina. Para tal objetivo existen diferentes procedimientos quirúrgicos. La genitoplastia feminizante con colgajo pene escrotal invertido cumple con las necesidades y expectativas del paciente.1-6 Método. En este caso se realizó un análisis descriptivo y retrospectivo de 28 pacientes, transgénero, en los cuales se realizó genitoplastia feminizante con colgajo pene escrotal invertido, con edades entre 18 y 46 años, en un período de 2,5 años desde febrero de 2018 a agosto de 2020. Resultados. La vitalidad del colgajo fue un 100% con una satisfacción sexual del 96,4%, con bajo porcentaje de complicaciones (3%) que incluyen hematoma, dehiscencia y estenosis. Estéticamente la satisfacción fue del 100%. Para muchas pacientes la genitoplastia feminizante es la etapa final de muchas mujeres transgénero en su proceso de confirmación de género.


Introduction. Vaginal absence has a devastating impact on a male to female transgender patient, therefore, it is essential to create a normally functioning neovagina with sexual satisfaction, optimal aesthetic appearance and in turn the characteristics of female urination. For this purpose there are different surgical procedures. Feminizing Genitoplasty with inverted scrotal penis flap meets the needs and expectations of the patient.1-6 Method. In this case, a descriptive and retrospective analysis of 28 transgender patients was performed, in which Feminizing Genitoplasty was performed with an inverted scrotal penis flap, aged between 18 and 46 years, over a period of 2.5 years from february 2018 to august 2020.For many patients, Feminizing Genitoplasty is the final stage for many transgender women in their gender confirmation process. Results. The vitality of the flap was 100% with a sexual satisfaction of 96.4%, with a low percentage of complications in 3% that include hematoma, dehiscence and stenosis, aesthetically we present 100% satisfaction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Transsexualism/surgery , Vagina , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Transgender Persons
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 263-273, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154477

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vaginoplasty is a commonly performed surgery for the transfeminine patient. In this review, we discuss how to achieve satisfactory surgical outcomes, and highlight solutions to common complications involved with the surgery, including: wound separation, vaginal stenosis, hematoma, and rectovaginal fistula. Pre-operative evaluation and standard technique are outlined. Goal outcomes regarding aesthetics, creation of a neocavity, urethral management, labial appearance, vaginal packing and clitoral sizing are all described. Peritoneal vaginoplasty technique and visceral interposition technique are detailed as alternatives to the penile inversion technique in case they are needed to be used. Post-operative patient satisfaction, patient care plans, and solutions to common complications are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transsexualism , Sex Reassignment Surgery , Penis/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Vagina/surgery
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 287-294, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite high success rates in the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications related to the use of polypropylene (PP) meshes are still a concern, especially in vaginal prolapses surgeries. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) coating on the integration of PP meshes implanted in the vaginal submucosa of rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): PP, implanted with conventional PP meshes; and PRP, implanted with autologous PRP coated PP meshes. Animals in both groups (n=5) were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days postoperatively, the vaginas extracted and sent to immunohistochemical analysis for the assessment of the pro-inflammatory agent TNF-α, anti-inflammatory agents TGF-β and IL-13, collagen metabolism marker MMP-2, and angiogenesis marker CD-31. AxioVision™ image analysis was used for the calculation of the immunoreactive area and density. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p <0.05). Results: Animals in the PRP group showed significantly increased expression of the angiogenesis agent CD-31 at all experimental times when compared to the PP group (p <0.0001). However, no differences concerning the expression of the other markers were observed between the groups. Conclusion: The addition of autologous PRP gel to PP meshes can be simply and safely achieved and seems to have a positive effect on implantation site angiogenesis. Further investigations are required to ascertain PPR coated meshes clinical efficacy in prolapses and stress urinary incontinence surgeries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Vagina/surgery , Collagen
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 58-64, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156971

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The results from sphincteroplasty may worsen over time. Reseparation of the rectum and vagina/scrotum in conjunction with sphincteroplasty achieves good results. Improving the surgical effect of sphincteroplasty through perineal body reconstruction is crucial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term results from anterior sphincteroplasty and perineal body reconstruction (modified sphincteroplasty) among patients with traumatic sphincter injury. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study among patients who underwent modified sphincteroplasty in a university hospital between January 2006 and December 2018. Fifty patients were evaluated in detail. METHODS: The following variables were evaluated: gender, age, additional disease status, time interval between trauma and surgery, surgical technique, duration of hospitalization, follow-up period after surgery, manometric values, electromyography results, magnetic resonance imaging scans, Wexner scores, satisfaction levels with surgery and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 44.6 ± 15.1 years. The median follow-up period was 62 months (range, 12-118). The mean Wexner scores preoperatively, postoperatively in first month (M1S) and at the time of this report (AAS) were 15.5 ± 3.2, 1.9 ± 3.15 and 3.9 ± 5.3, respectively. Although improvements in the patients' mean Wexner scores became impaired over time, the postoperative Wexner scores were still significantly better than the preoperative Wexner scores (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Good or excellent results were obtained surgically among patients with traumatic sphincter injury. Performing perineal body reconstruction in addition to sphincteroplasty can provide better long-term continence. Surgical outcomes were found to be better, especially among patients younger than 50 years of age and among patients who underwent surgery within the first five years after trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Fecal Incontinence/surgery , Fecal Incontinence/etiology , Anal Canal/surgery , Vagina , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 14(3): 4241-4249, 2021.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1292604

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectifs. Le devenir des pathologies du canal péritonéo-vaginal (CPV) et de la migration testiculaire chez l'enfant est peu connu. L'objectif de ce travail était de décrire les aspects cliniques et le devenir de ces pathologies. Méthodes. Etude documentaire descriptive portant sur les hernies, hydrocèles, cryptorchidies et torsions du cordon spermatique opérées chez le garçon âgé de 0 à 16 ans, au Centre hospitalier de Louga, Sénégal, de janvier 2018 à décembre 2019. Résultats. 184 dossiers des patients ont été colligés, soit 32,5 % de patients opérés au cours de la période. Leur âge moyen était de 5,4 ± 4,3 ans. Ces pathologies englobaient : hernies inguinales (n=37 dont 3 étranglements), hydrocèles (n=113), cryptorchidies (n=27), testicules oscillants (n=2) et torsions du cordon spermatique (n=5). L'abord a été inguinal dans 96,1 %. Le traitement a consisté en : ligature du CPV, abaissement testiculaire, orchidopexie, orchidectomie. Aucune récidive, atrophie ou fonte testiculaire n'a été observée en trois mois de suivi. Conclusion. La prise en charge en urgence ou non des pathologies du CPV et de la migration testiculaire chez l'enfant est fréquente dans notre pratique, sans complication à courte terme. Le défi réside dans le suivi à long terme en raison des complications tardives


Context and objectives. Little is known about the outcome of patent processus vaginalis and testicular migration pathologies in children. The objectives of this study were to analyze clinical and therapeutic features of these pathologies. Methods. This was a descriptive retrospective study involving boys aged 0 to 16 years, operated for inguinal hernias, hydroceles, cryptorchidisms and testicular torsions, at the Louga Regional Hospital Center, Senegal, from January 2018 to December 2019. Results. 184 patients were recorded, which represented 32.5 % of all patients operated in the same period. Their average age was 5.4 ± 4.3 years. The managed pathologies were: inguinal hernias (n= 37 including 3 incarcerated hernias), hydroceles (n= 113), cryptorchidisms (n= 27), retractile testicles (n=2) and testicular torsions (n= 5). Inguinal approach was performed in 96,1 % of cases. Surgical managements were: ligature of the patent processus vaginalis, relocating the testicle within the scrotum, orchidopexy and orchidectomy. No recurrence, no purulent testicular discharge or testicular atrophy was encountered. Conclusion. Processus vaginalis and testicular migration pathologies are common in our practice. At 3 months of surgical operation, no complication was observed. However, the challenge is long-term follow-up due to late complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Vagina , Cryptorchidism , Hernia, Inguinal , Testicular Hydrocele , Senegal
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