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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 653-663, Fev. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356077

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a insuficiência de vitamina D e fatores associados em idosos assistidos na atenção primária à saúde. Trata-se de um estudo transversal que avaliou 533 idosos (≥ 60 anos) em três cidades do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Foi avaliada a 25-hidroxivitamina D (25 OH D) sérica por quimioluminescência. Os fatores avaliados foram condições sociodemográficas (sexo, faixa etária, etnia, escolaridade, renda, estado civil), de saúde (doenças referidas), composição corporal (IMC, circunferência da cintura), estilo de vida (atividade física e tabagismo) e exposição solar (finalidade, duração, frequência e horário de exposição, partes expostas, uso de protetor solar, tipo de pele). A prevalência de insuficiência foi de 64,5%, com associação para sexo feminino, etnia não brancos/não declarados, baixo peso, circunferência da cintura elevada (risco para DCV) e inatividade física. Houve associação negativa para exposição solar habitual de mãos, braços e pernas, durante atividade de lazer, deslocamentos diários e atividade física e entre as 9h e 15h. Os achados mostram a relevância de fatores como sexo, etnia, composição corporal, atividade física e hábitos de exposição solar na alta prevalência de níveis inadequados de vitamina D em idosos.


Abstract This article aims to analyze vitamin D insufficiency and factors associated among older adults using primary health care services. This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated 533 older adults individuals (≥ 60 years old) in three cities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) was evaluated by chemiluminescence. The factors evaluated were sociodemographic information (sex, age group, ethnicity, education, income, marital status), health conditions (reported diseases), body composition (BMI, waist circumference), lifestyle (physical activity and smoking), and sun exposure (purpose, duration, frequency, time of exposure, exposed body parts, use of sunscreen, skin type). The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency was 64.5%, presenting association with female participants, non-white/unreported ethnicity, low weight, high waist circumference (risk for CVD - cardiovascular disease), and physical inactivity. Negative association was observed with habitual sun exposure of hands, arms and legs, during leisure activities, daily commuting and physical activity, and between 9 am and 3 pm. The findings show the relevance of factors such as sex, ethnicity, body composition, physical activity, and sun exposure habits in the high prevalence of inadequate levels of vitamin D among older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Vitamin D , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
2.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e002065, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367549

ABSTRACT

La depresión es un trastorno del estado de ánimo que se caracteriza por la existencia de un sentimiento de tristeza lo suficientemente intenso como para interferir en el desarrollo de las actividades habituales. A partir de un caso clínico real, en el que una paciente con depresión solicita a su médico de cabecera sumar un suplemento de vitaminas a su plan terapéutico, revisamos la evidencia disponible sobre el uso de estos micronutrientes para el tratamiento de la depresión, y encontramos que no existen pruebas robustas que avalen la suplementación vitamínica en pacientes con este problema de salud. (AU)


Depression is a mood disorder characterised by the existence of a feeling of sadness intense enough to interfere with the performance of normal activities. Based on a real clinical case, in which a patient with depression asked her family doctor to add a vitamin supplement to her therapeutic plan, we reviewed the available evidence on the use of these micronutrients for the treatment of depression and found that there is no robust evidence to support vitamin supplementation in patients with this health problem. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin B Complex/therapeutic use , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Depression/drug therapy , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Anxiety , Exercise , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Depression/physiopathology , Depression/therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00287820, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355982

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate factors associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in Brazilian adults considering sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, as well as vitamin D-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). This is a cross-sectional study (n = 491; 34-79y; 251 women), nested within a prospective cohort (Pró-Saúde Study). Associations between serum 25(OH)D and sociodemographic characteristics, diet, use of supplement, physical activity, season of blood collection, body fat, skin type, sun exposure index, and SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 and GC-rs2282679 were explored by multiple linear regression. The prevalence of serum 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L was 55%. Serum 25(OH)D was lower among women (β = -4.38; 95%CI: -8.02; -0.74), those with higher visceral fat (β = -4.02; 95%CI: -5.92; -2.12), and those with AC and CC genotypes for GC-rs2282679 (β = -6.84; 95%CI: -10.09; -3.59; β = -10.63; 95%CI: -17.52; -3.74, respectively). Factors directly associated with serum 25(OH)D included summer (β = 20.14; 95%CI: 14.38; 25.90), intermediate skin type (β = 6.16; 95%CI: 2.52; 9.80), higher sun exposure (β = 0.49; 95%CI: 0.22; 0.75), vitamin D intake (β = 0.48; 95%CI: 0.03; 0.93), and physical activity (β = 4.65; 95%CI: 1.54; 7.76). Besides physical activity, diet, and sun exposure, non-modifiable factors, such as GC genotypes must be considered when evaluating vitamin D insufficiency in mixed-race populations. Moreover, high visceral fat in association with poorer vitamin D status deserve attention given that both conditions are unfavorably related with chronic and acute health outcomes.


Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar fatores associados com as concentrações séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina [25(OH)D] em adultos brasileiros de acordo com fatores sociodemográficos e de estilo de vida, assim como de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) relacionados à vitamina D. Este é um estudo transversal (n = 491; 34-79 anos; 251 mulheres) aninhado em uma coorte prospectiva (Estudo Pró-Saúde). Associações entre a 25(OH)D sérica e características sociodemográficas, consumo alimentar, uso de suplementos, atividade física, estação do ano na coleta da amostra de sangue, gordura corporal, fototipo de pele, índice de exposição solar e SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 e GC-rs2282679, explorados por regressão multilinear. A prevalência de 25(OH)D sérica < 50nmol/L foi 55%. A concentração sérica de 25(OH)D foi menor entre mulheres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), indivíduos com mais gordura visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12) e genótipos AC e CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 e β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Os fatores associados diretamente à 25(OH)D sérica incluíram os meses de verão (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), fototipo intermediário (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), maior exposição solar (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), ingestão de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) e atividade física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Além de atividade física, dieta e exposição solar, fatores não modificáveis, tais como variantes do gene GC devem ser considerados na avaliação da deficiência de vitamina D em populações miscigenadas. Além disso, merece atenção a associação entre a gordura visceral elevada e o pior estado de vitamina D, uma vez que ambas as condições implicam em desfechos de saúde desfavoráveis, tanto crônicos quanto agudos.


Nuestro objetivo fue investigar factores asociados con la concentración sérica 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] en adultos brasileños, considerando factores sociodemográficos y de vida, así como también los polimorfismos de nucleótido único relacionados con la vitamina D (SNPs). Se trata de un estudio transversal (n = 491; 34-79 años; 251 mujeres), anidado dentro de una cohorte prospectiva (Estudio Pro-Salud). Se investigaron las asociaciones entre concentración sérica 25(OH)D y características sociodemográficas, ingesta alimentaria, uso de suplementos, actividad física, estación del año de recogida de muestras de sangre, grasa corporal, tipo de piel, índice de exposición al sol, y SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 y GC-rs2282679 mediante una regresión múltiple lineal. La prevalencia sérica 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L fue 55%. La 25(OH)D sérica fue menor entre las mujeres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), quienes tenían alta grasa visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12), genotipos AC y CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 y β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Los factores directamente asociados con la concentración sérica 25(OH)D incluyeron verano (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), tipo de piel intermedia (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), más alta exposición al sol (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), toma de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) y actividad física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Además de la actividad física, dieta y exposición al sol, los factores no modificables, tales como genotipos GC, necesitan tenerse en cuenta cuando se está evaluando la insuficiencia de vitamina D en poblaciones mestizas. Asimismo, las implicaciones de la asociación de una alta grasa visceral con un estatus más pobre de vitamina D merece que se le preste atención, puesto que ambas condiciones de salud están relacionadas desfavorablemente con resultados de salud graves y crónicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Seasons , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Life Style
4.
Mediterr J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2(1): 55-64, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366191

ABSTRACT

Aging seldom comes alone and it is considered to be the major factor for many diseases and comorbidities and disabilities. The objectives of the study are to examine demographic characteristics and prevalence of comorbidities and polypharmacy of elderly patients who were admitted at Sebha Medical Center according to the selected period. This study is descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study conducted in Sebha during 2021. From 195 participants of the study, the highest rate of patients was from the age group of 65 - 74 years which accounted for 86 participants (44%) and followed by those age group of 75 - 84 years which was reported by 65 participants (33%). The majority of elderly patients have hypertension, (n = 116, 59%) and over one-third of the patients (n = 73, 37%) have diabetes mellitus while nearly one-quarter of patients have both diseases at the same time (n = 47, 24%). Nearly, three-quarters of patients have electrolytes imbalance (n = 142,72%). Nearly, two-thirds of the patients had three to five comorbidity diseases (n = 122, 63%). Whereas, over one-third of the patients had just one or two comorbidities (n = 70, 36%). Almost all the participants have polypharmacy (n = 187, 96%). Just above half of the patients have five - ten medications (n = 100, 51%) compared with 45% of the patients from those who have more than ten medications (n = 87). This study showed that there is a strong relationship between the prevalence of polypharmacy and the number of comorbidities. A Spearman correlation test indicated that rate of comorbidities was related to polypharmacy with a significant correlation (P < 0.01). The present study found high prevalence of comorbidities and polypharmacy among elderly inpatients. Based on this high prevalence, practicing pharmaceutical care could play an effective role to reduce the risk of inappropriate polypharmacy among hospitalized elderly patients through encouraging clinical pharmacist to engage in clinical activities in hospitals


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Vitamin D Deficiency , Prevalence , Vitamin D
5.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 651-659, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355740

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: Identifying obesity risk factors as a health problem facing communities is crucial given its complexity. The vitamin D receptor gene has been reported as a possible cause of this disease. Objective: To study the association of the VDR gene ApaI, BsmI, and Ta qI polymorphisms with obesity in an Iranian population. Materials and methods: We analyzed the genotypes of 348 obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2) and 320 non-obese people (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) using PCR-RFLP. We measured FBS, TG, total cholesterol, and HDL and LDL cholesterol levels in an automatic biochemical analyzer. Results: We found significantly higher BMI, FBS, and TG levels in the obese group compared to the control. In the obese individuals, the frequency of genotype AA was 47.1% and that of the combined Aa+aa genotype, 52.9% while in the control group they were 30% and 70%, respectively (p=0.024, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.100-3.933, odds ratio (OR)=2.08). A and a alleles frequencies for the ApaI polymorphism were statistically significant in the two groups (allele A vs. a; p=0.017). No significant relationship was observed between Ta qI genotypes and alleles in the control and obese subjects. Conclusion: We found that VDR ApaI (rs7975232 C/A) polymorphism appeared to be a risk factor for obesity. Especially, the A allele and the AA genotype in ApaI were associated with the obesity phenotypes.


Resumen | Introducción. La determinación de los factores de riesgo de la obesidad en la población iraní como problema de salud de la comunidad es crucial dada su complejidad. El gen receptor de la vitamina D (VDR) se ha mencionado como posible causante de dicha enfermedad. Objetivo. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la asociación de los polimorfismos Apal, Bsml y Ta ql, con el gen VDR y la obesidad en una población iraní. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron genotipos de 348 individuos obesos (BMI≥30 kg/m²) y 320 no obesos (BMI: 18,5-24,9 kg/m²) mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y polimorfismos de longitud de fragmentos de restricción (PCR-RFLP). Para medir los niveles de glucemia en ayunas, tiroglobulina (TG), colesterol total, colesterol HDL y colesterol LDL, se utilizó un analizador bioquímico automático. Resultados. Los índices de masa corporal, glucemia en ayunas y TG fueron significantemente más elevados en el grupo de los obesos que en el de control. En los individuos obesos, la incidencia del genotipo AA fue de 47,1 % y la del genotipo combinado Aa+aaa fue de 52,9 %, en tanto que en el grupo de control estas cifras fueron, respectivamente, de 30 y 70 % (p=0,024; IC95% 1,100-3,933; la razón de probabilidades (OR) fue de 2,08. La frecuencia de los alelos "A" y "a" para el polimorfismo Apal en ambos grupos fue estadísticamente significativa (alelo A Vs. A; p=0,017). No se observó ninguna relación significativa entre los genotipos Ta ql y los alelos en los sujetos obesos y, tampoco, en los controles. Conclusión. El polimorfismo Apal del gen VDR (rs 7975232C/A) sería un factor de riesgo para la obesidad. El alelo y el genotipo AA en dicho polimorfismo se asociaron con los fenotipos de obesidad.


Subject(s)
Vitamin D , Obesity/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Body Mass Index , Iran
6.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353115

ABSTRACT

A intoxicação por vitamina D era pouco frequente no Brasil até seu crescente uso na última década. Neste artigo relatamos um caso de intoxicação por vitamina D em que houve a prescrição intencional de dose muito superior ao recomendado pela literatura, com a finalidade de prevenir doenças via "modulação hormonal". A paciente em questão, idosa, previamente hígida, foi submetida a um tratamento não regulamentado e sem respaldo científico, que culminou em sintomas como náuseas e vômitos, além de perda de peso, inapetência, poliúria e astenia ao longo dos meses. Através da história e exames laboratoriais foi diagnosticada intoxicação por vitamina D e lesão renal aguda. Após o tratamento houve remissão completa dos sintomas. A "modulação hormonal" é uma prática condenada pelos Conselhos Federais de Medicina e Odontologia e pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia. O ato de prescrever é de grande responsabilidade ética e técnica e deve ser embasado em evidências científicas, oferecendo o melhor tratamento possível aos pacientes, seja ele preventivo ou curativo, minimizando riscos e danos, respeitando as recomendações das autoridades competentes. (AU)


Vitamin D poisoning was not frequent in Brazil until its increasing use in the last decade. In this article, we report a case of intoxication by intentional prescription of vitamin D in a much higher dose than the literature recommends, in order to prevent diseases via "hormonal modulation". The case described in this report was an elderly woman, previously healthy patient that was submitted to an unregulated treatment without scientific support, leading to symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, in addition to weight loss, lack of appetite, polyuria and asthenia over the months. Through the history and laboratory testing, vitamin D intoxication and acute kidney injury were diagnosed. After treatment, there was a complete remission of the symptoms. "Hormonal modulation" is a practice condemned by the Federal Councils of Medicine and Dentistry and by the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology. The act of prescribing is of great ethical and technical responsibility and it must be based on scientific evidence. Thus, the patient can receive the best possible treatment, for either preventive or curative nature, by respecting the recommendations of the competent authorities and, therefore, minimizing risks and damages to patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Polyuria , Asthenia , Vitamin D/toxicity , Weight Loss , Anorexia , Ethics, Professional , Acute Kidney Injury
7.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 248-254, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341771

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Actualmente la vitamina D ha ganado importancia, por ser considerada una hormona y porque sus bajos niveles están asociados con diferentes patologías, especialmente alteraciones de la masa ósea. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes adultos con osteopenia y osteoporosis, atendidos en consulta externa de endocrinología en Popayán Cauca. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis realizado por densitometría ósea entre los años 2013 y 2016, que tenían reporte de niveles de vitamina D obtenidos por cualquier método. Se describieron características sociodemográficas, resultados de densitometría ósea, niveles vitamina D, hormona paratiroidea y calcio iónico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 300 pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis de los cuales 211 tenían bajos niveles de vitamina D, para una prevalencia del 71,3%, el nivel promedio de 25 hidroxivitamina D fue de 24,35ng/ml. Conclusiones: La alta prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes con osteopenia y osteoporosis hace indispensable la medición de 25 hidroxivitamina D en esta población, esto con el fin de realizar una intervención terapéutica apropiada.


Abstract Introduction: Vitamin D has gained interest because it is a hormone whose low levels are associated with different pathologies such as bone mass disorders. Objective: To determine the prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in adult patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis who received care at an outpatient endocrinology clinic in Popayan, Cauca. Materials and methods: A retrospective and descriptive study that included patients diagnosed with osteopenia and osteoporosis through bone densitometry between 2013 and 2016, who also had their vitamin D levels measured by means of any laboratory method. Sociodemographic characteristics, bone densitometry results as well as vitamin D, parathormone and ionic calcium levels were described. Results: A total of 300 patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis were included in the study, of which 211 had low levels of vitamin D, representing a prevalence of 71.3%. Finally, the average level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was 24.35 ng/ml. Conclusion: The high prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis highlights the importance to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in this population in order to carry out an appropriate therapeutic intervention.


Subject(s)
Vitamin D , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Osteoporosis , Prevalence
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 784-789, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357136

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To measure the levels of vitamin D in patients hospitalized for fractures and to evaluate its relationship with fractures. Methods A primary, analytical, cross-sectional, non-interventional, observational, controlled study was conducted in humans. The serum measurement of: vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and albumin was performed in 49 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for surgery due to fracture(s) (study group), and in 50 patients without fractures, from the various outpatient clinics, and who underwent routine tests (control group). Results The mean level of 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25[OH]D) in patients with fractures was of 23.78 ± 8.01 ng/mL (61.22% of patients with fractures had hypovitaminosis D). The mean 25(OH)D of the control group was of 37.52 ± 9.21 ng/mL (10% of the patients had hypovitaminosis D). Most cases of hypovitaminosis (96%) did not course with secondary hyperparathyroidism (mean PTH = 41.80 ± 22.75 pg/mL). Conclusion Hypovitaminosis D was found in a significant percentage (61.22%) of the patients who suffered fractures. Further studies on the subject are needed to better understand the influence of hypovitaminosis D on the occurrence of fractures, as well as the benefits of vitamin D supplementation in these patients.


Resumo Objetivo Dosar a vitamina D nos pacientes internados por fratura e avaliar sua relação com as fraturas. Métodos Realizou-se estudo primário, analítico, transversal, não intervencional, observacional, controlado, em seres humanos. Fez-se a dosagem sérica de: vitamina D, paratormônio(PTH), cálcio, fósforo, magnésio e albumina em 49 pacientes que foram internados consecutivamente para cirurgia devido a fratura(s) (grupo de estudo), e em 50 pacientes, dos diversos ambulatórios, sem fraturas, e que realizaram exames de rotina (grupo de controle). Resultados A média de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25[OH]D) nos pacientes com fraturas foi de 23,78 ± 8,01 ng/mL (61,22% dos pacientes com fraturas apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A média de 25(OH)D do grupo de controle foi de 37,52 ± 9,21 ng/mL (10% dos pacientes apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A maioria dos casos de hipovitaminose (96%) não cursou com hiperparatireoidismo secundário (média do PTH = 41,80 ± 22,75 pg/mL). Conclusão A hipovitaminose D foi encontrada em um percentual expressivo (61,22%) dos pacientes que sofreram fraturas. Mais estudos sobre o assunto são necessários para se compreender melhor a influência da hipovitaminose D na ocorrência das fraturas e os benefícios da suplementação com vitamina D nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Avitaminosis , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Hip Fractures
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 804-808, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357131

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the influence of hormonal levels of vitamin D, calcitonin, testosterone, estradiol, and parathyroid in patients with fractures attributed to osteoporosis when compared with young patients with fractures resulting from high-impact accidents. Methods Blood samples were collected from 30 elderly patients with osteoporosisattributed fractures (T-score ≤-2.5) (osteoporotic group), and from 30 young patients with fractures resulting from high-impact accidents (control group). Measurement of 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D (Kit Diasorin, Saluggia, Italy), calcitonin (Kit Siemens, Tarrytown, NY, USA), testosterone, estradiol, and parathyroid hormone (Kit Beckman Couter, Indianapolis, IN, United States) was performed using a chemiluminescence technique. Data were inserted into a Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp., Armonk, WA, USA) spreadsheet and analyzed using Statview statistical software. Results showing non-normal distribution were analyzed with nonparametric methods. The Mann-Whitney test was applied for group comparison, and a Spearman test correlated hormonal levels. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. All analyzes compared gender and subjects with and without osteoporosis. Results Women with osteoporosis had significantly lower levels of estradiol and vitamin D (p = 0.047 and p = 0.0275, respectively). Men with osteoporosis presented significantly higher levels of parathyroid hormone (p = 0.0065). There was no significant difference in testosterone and calcitonin levels. Conclusion Osteoporosis patients presented gender-related hormonal differences. Women had significantly lower levels of estradiol and vitamin D, whereas men had significantly higher parathyroid hormone levels, apparently impacting the disease.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência dos níveis hormonais de vitamina D, calcitonina, testosterona, estradiol e paratormônio em pacientes com fratura atribuída a osteoporose, quando comparados com pacientes jovens que tiveram fraturas decorrentes de acidente de alto impacto. Métodos Foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 30 pacientes idosos com fratura atribuída a osteoporose (T-score ≤-2,5) (grupo com osteoporose) e 30 amostras de sangue de pacientes jovens que sofreram fraturas decorrentes de acidentes de alto impacto (grupo controle). Foram realizadas dosagem de 1,25-hidroxivitamina D (Kit Diasorin, Saluggia, Italy), calcitonina (Kit Siemens, Tarrytown, NY, USA), testosterona, estradiol e paratormônio (Kit Beckman Couter, Indianapolis, IN, United States) pela técnica de quimiluminescência. Os dados foram inseridos em uma planilha de dados no programa Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, EUA) e analisados pelo programa de estatística Statview. Os resultados que apresentaram distribuição não normal foram analisados com métodos não paramétricos. Para análise de variáveis comparando-se os dois grupos, aplicou-se o teste Mann-Whitney. Foi utilizado o teste de correlação de Spearman para a correlacionar os níveis hormonais. Um valor-p >0.05 foi considerado significante. Todas as análises foram feitas comparando gênero e grupos de pacientes come sem osteoporose. Resultados Mulheres com osteoporose apresentam níveis significativamente menores de estradiol e vitamina D (p = 0.047 e p = 0.0275), respectivamente. Homens com osteoporose demonstraram níveis significativamente maiores de paratormônio (p = 0.0065). Não houve diferença significativa nos níveis de testosterona e calcitonina. Conclusão Existem diferenças hormonais entre os gêneros na osteoporose. Em mulheres, níveis significativamente menores de estradiol e vitamina D e, nos homens, níveis significativamente maiores de paratormônio, parecem influenciar na doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Vitamin D , Calcitonin , Control Groups , Estradiol , Fractures, Bone , Gender Identity , Hormones
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 970-978, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248893

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A vitamina D (VD) tem um importante papel na função cardíaca. No entanto, a vitamina exerce uma curva "dose-resposta" bifásica na fisiopatologia cardiovascular e pode causar efeitos deletérios, mesmo em doses não tóxicas. A VD exerce suas funções celulares ligando-se ao seu receptor. Ainda, a expressão da proteína de interação com a tiorredoxina (TXNIP) é positivamente regulada pela VD. A TXNIP modula diferentes visa de sinalização celular que podem ser importantes para a remodelação cardíaca. Objetivos: Avaliar se a suplementação com VD leva à remodelação cardíaca, e se a TXNIP e a tiorredoxina (Trx) estão associadas com esse processo. Métodos: Duzentos e cinquenta ratos Wistar machos foram alocados em três grupos: controle (C, n=21), sem suplementação com VD; VD3 (n = 22) e VD10 (n=21), suplementados com 3,000 e 10,000 UI de VD/ kg de ração, respectivamente, por dois meses. Os grupos foram comparados por análise de variância (ANOVA) com um fator e teste post hoc de Holm-Sidak (variáveis com distribuição normal), ou pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis e análise post-hoc de Dunn. O nível de significância para todos os testes foi de 5%. Resultados: A expressão de TXNIP foi mais alta e a atividade do Trx foi mais baixa no grupo VD10. Os animais que receberam suplementação com VD apresentaram aumento de hidroperóxido lipídico e diminuição de superóxido dismutase e glutationa peroxidase. A proteína Bcl-2 foi mais baixa no grupo VD10. Observou-se uma diminuição na β-oxidação de ácidos graxos, no ciclo do ácido tricarboxílico, na cadeia transportadora de elétrons, e um aumento na via glicolítica. Conclusão: A suplementação com VD levou à remodelação cardíaca e esse processo pode ser modulado por TXNIP e Trx, e consequentemente por estresse oxidativo.


Abstract Background: Vitamin D (VD) has been shown to play an important role in cardiac function. However, this vitamin exerts a biphasic "dose response" curve in cardiovascular pathophysiology and may cause deleterious effects, even in non-toxic doses. VD exerts its cellular functions by binding to VD receptor. Additionally, it was identified that the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression is positively regulated by VD. TXNIP modulate different cell signaling pathways that may be important for cardiac remodeling. Objective: To evaluate whether VD supplementation lead to cardiac remodeling and if TXNIP and thioredoxin (Trx) proteins are associated with the process. Methods: A total of 250 Male Wistar rats were allocated into three groups: control (C, n=21), with no VD supplementation; VD3 (n = 22) and VD10 (n=21), supplemented with 3,000 and 10,000 IU of VD/ kg of chow respectively, for two months. The groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Holm-Sidak post hoc analysis, (variables with normal distribution), or by Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's test post hoc analysis. The significance level for all tests was 5%. Results: TXNIP protein expression was higher and Trx activity was lower in VD10. The animals supplemented with VD showed increased lipid hydroperoxide and decreased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. The protein Bcl-2 was lower in VD10. There was a decrease in fatty acid β-oxidation, tricarboxylic acid cycle and electron transport chain with shift to increase in glycolytic pathway. Conclusion: VD supplementation led to cardiac remodeling and this process may be modulated by TXNIP and Trx proteins and consequently oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Thioredoxins/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling , Vitamin D , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , Cell Cycle Proteins , Dietary Supplements
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 743-748, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess maternal serum levels of vitamin D in fetuses appropriate for gestational age (AGA), small for gestational age (SGA), and with fetal growth restriction (FGR) according to estimated fetal weight (EFW). Methods This cross-sectional study included 87 pregnant women between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation: 38 in the AGA group, 24 in the SGA group, and 25 in the FGR group. Maternal serum vitamin D levels were assessed using the chemiluminescence method. The Fisher exact test was used to compare the results between the groups. Results The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of maternal age (years) and body mass index (kg/m2) in the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 25.26 8.40 / 26.57 ± 4.37; 25.04 ± 8.44 / 26.09 ± 3.94; and 25.48 ± 7.52 / 26.24 ± 4.66, respectively (p > 0.05). The maternal serum vitamin D levels (mean ± SD) of the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 22.47 ± 8.35 ng/mL, 24.80 ± 10.76 ng/mL, and 23.61 ± 9.98 ng/mL, respectively, but without significant differences between the groups (p = 0.672). Conclusion Maternal serum vitamin D levels did not present significant differences among pregnant women with AGA, SGA, or FGR fetuses between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation according to EFW.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o nível sérico materno de vitamina D em fetos adequados para idade gestacional (AIG), pequenos para idade gestacional (PIG) e com restrição de crescimento (RCF) de acordo com a estimativa de peso fetal (EPF). Métodos Realizou-se um estudo transversal envolvendo 87 gestantes entre 26 e 36 semanas, sendo: 38 do grupo AIG, 24 do grupo PIG e 25 do grupo RCF. A dosagem sérica materna de vitamina D foi realizada pelo método de quimiluminescência. Para as comparações entre os grupos, utilizou-se o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados A média ± desvio-padrão (DP) da idade materna (anos) e do índice de massa corporal (kg/m2) nos grupos AIG, PIG e RCF foram 25,26 ± 8,40 / 26,57 ± 4,37; 25,04 ± 8,44 / 26,09 ± 3,94; e 25,48 ± 7,52 / 26,24 ± 4,66, respectivamente (p>0,05). A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D (médias ± desvios-padrão) dos grupos AIG, PG e RCF foram 22,47±8,35 ng/ml; 24,80_10,76 ng/ml; e 23,61 ± 9,98 ng/ml, respectivamente, contudo, sem diferenças significativas entre os grupos (p=0,672). Conclusão A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D não apresentou diferenças significantes entre gestantes com fetos AIG, PIG ou RCF entre 26 e 36 semanas de acordo com a EPF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnant Women , Fetal Growth Retardation , Vitamin D , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 699-709, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351774

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in the postpartum period of women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods Randomized clinical trials of pregnant women with GDM of any chronological, gestational age and parity, with no history of previous disease who received vitamin D supplementation in the prenatal and/or postpartum period and were evaluated in the postpartum period were included. The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and LILACS databases were consulted until July 2019. Serum vitamin D concentration (25- hydroxyvitamin D in nmol/L), fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, serum calcium concentration, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMAIR), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and body mass index (BMI) were evaluated. Similar results in at least two trials were plotted using the RevMan 5; Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, Reino Unido. The quality of the evidence was generated according to the classification, development, and evaluation of the classification of the recommendations. Results Four studies were included in the present review (200 women). The findings indicate that there is no difference in the postpartum period in women diagnosed with previous GDM who received vitamin D supplementation in the prenatal and/or in the postpartum period, showing only that there was a significant increase in the concentration of vitamin D (relative risk [RR]: 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-2.68). Conclusion This increase in the concentration of vitamin D should be interpreted with caution, since the assessment of the quality of the evidence was very low. For the other analyzed outcomes, there was no significance between the intervention and control groups, and the outcomes, when analyzed in their strength of evidence, were considered very low and low in their evaluation.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos da suplementação de vitamina D no pós-parto de mulheres com diabetes mellitus gestacional (DGM) anterior. Métodos Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados com gestantes com GDM de qualquer idade cronológica, gestacional e paridade, sem história de doença prévia, que receberam suplementação de vitamina D no pré-natal e/ou no pós-parto e foram avaliadas no pós-parto. As bases de dados consultadas foram PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane e LILACS, até julho de 2019. Foram avaliados concentração sérica da vitamina D (25-hidroxivitamina D em nmol/L), glicemia de jejum, hemoglobina glicada, concentração sérica de cálcio, modelo de avaliação da homeostase de resistência à insulina (HOMA-IR, na sigla em inglês), índice qualitativo de verificação da sensibilidade à insulina (QUICKI, na sigla em inglês), hormônio da paratireoide (PTH) e índice de massa corpórea (IMC). Resultados semelhantes em pelo menos dois ensaios foram plotados no software RevMan 5; Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, Reino Unido. A qualidade das evidências foi gerada de acordo com a classificação, o desenvolvimento e a avaliação da classificação das recomendações. Resultados Quatro estudos foram incluídos na presente revisão (200 mulheres). Os achados indicam que não há diferença no período pós-parto em mulheres com diagnóstico prévio de DMG que receberam suplementação de vitamina D no período pré-natal e/ou pós-parto, mostrando apenas que houve um aumento significativo na concentração de vitamina D (risco relativo [RR]: 1,85; IC [intervalo de confiança] 95%: 1,02-2,68). Conclusão Este aumento na concentração de vitamina D deve ser interpretado com cautela, uma vez que a avaliação da qualidade das evidências foi muito baixa. Para os demais desfechos analisados, não houve significância entre os grupos intervenção e controle, e os desfechos, quando analisados em sua força da evidência, foram considerados muito baixa e baixa em sua avaliação. PROSPERO CRD42018110729


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Dietary Supplements
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 3221-3244, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285943

ABSTRACT

Abstract Low bone health is associated with vitamin D deficiency in older individuals; however, this association is not well established in adults. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone health in adults by systematic review and meta-analysis. The search was carried out in the LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect databases from March 2017 to October 2018 with adult individuals (20-59 years). Bone health was evaluation performed through dual X-ray absorptiometry and serum concentrations of 25(OH)D. The random effect model was used to analyze data from bone mineral content and bone mineral. Random effects models were used and the sources of heterogeneity were explored by means of meta-regression. Thirty-five articles were selected. There was positive correlation between vitamin D and bone health in most of the evaluated sites. Correlation was observed in the analysis of subgroups for lumbar spine among men. When stratified, the studies presented high heterogeneity, which was explained by the sample size, mean serum vitamin D levels and risk of bias. Vitamin D is positively correlated to bone health in adult individuals.


Resumo A baixa saúde óssea está associada à deficiência de vitamina D em indivíduos mais velhos; no entanto, isso não está bem estabelecido em adultos. O estudo objetivou-se analisar a associação entre concentrações séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina D e baixa saúde óssea em adultos por revisão sistemática e metanálise. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect de março de 2017 a outubro de 2018 com indivíduos adultos (20-59 anos). A avaliação da saúde óssea foi realizada através da absorciometria dupla de raios X e concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D. O modelo de efeito aleatório foi utilizado para analisar dados do conteúdo mineral ósseo e densidade mineral óssea. Modelos de efeitos aleatórios foram utilizados e a heterogeneidade foi explorada por meio de meta-regressão. Trinta e cinco artigos foram selecionados. Houve correlação positiva entre a vitamina D e a saúde óssea na maioria dos locais avaliados. Observou-se correlação na análise de subgrupos da coluna lombar entre homens. Quando estratificados, os estudos apresentaram alta heterogeneidade, explicada pelo tamanho da amostra, pelos níveis séricos médios da vitamina e pelo risco de viés. A vitamina D está positivamente correlacionada com a saúde óssea em indivíduos adultos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Bone Density , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Absorptiometry, Photon
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 284-294, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355616

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The serum Vitamin D status in patients with vitiligo is ambiguous when compared to controls. A systematic review and updated meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between Vitamin D and vitiligo. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and other databases. The random effects model was used to obtain standardized mean differences and pooled correlation coefficients. Meta-regression and sub-group analyses were conducted to explore heterogeneity. The presence of publication bias and the study robustness were tested using funnel plot and sensitivity analyses, respectively. Results: This meta-analysis finally included 31 studies. Compared with controls, vitiligo patients showed significantly decreased serum Vitamin D levels (standardized mean difference = −1.03; p < 0.0001). The sub-group analysis showed that vitiligo patients with indoor/urban work had a significantly lower Vitamin D level when compared to their outdoor/rural counterparts (standardized mean differences = −0.45; p = 0.03). The sensitivity analysis indicated that no single study had a significant influence on the overall outcome, suggesting the robustness of this meta-analysis. Study limitations: Varied sample sizes and heterogeneous study populations from different countries are the limitations of this study. However, the between-study heterogeneity has been addressed by the random-effects model with meta-regression and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed significantly decreased Vitamin D level in vitiligo, and its association with indoor/outdoor type of work of vitiligo patients. This study highlights the need to assess Vitamin D status for improving its level in vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitiligo , Vitamin D , Sample Size
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 284-294, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285081

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The serum Vitamin D status in patients with vitiligo is ambiguous when compared to controls. A systematic review and updated meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between Vitamin D and vitiligo. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and other databases. The random effects model was used to obtain standardized mean differences and pooled correlation coefficients. Meta-regression and sub-group analyses were conducted to explore heterogeneity. The presence of publication bias and the study robustness were tested using funnel plot and sensitivity analyses, respectively. Results: This meta-analysis finally included 31 studies. Compared with controls, vitiligo patients showed significantly decreased serum Vitamin D levels (standardized mean difference = −1.03; p < 0.0001). The sub-group analysis showed that vitiligo patients with indoor/urban work had a significantly lower Vitamin D level when compared to their outdoor/rural counterparts (standardized mean differences = −0.45; p = 0.03). The sensitivity analysis indicated that no single study had a significant influence on the overall outcome, suggesting the robustness of this meta-analysis. Study limitations: Varied sample sizes and heterogeneous study populations from different countries are the limitations of this study. However, the between-study heterogeneity has been addressed by the random-effects model with meta-regression and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed significantly decreased Vitamin D level in vitiligo, and its association with indoor/outdoor type of work of vitiligo patients. This study highlights the need to assess Vitamin D status for improving its level in vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitiligo , Vitamin D , Sample Size
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 279-284, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has relationships with pathogenesis and inflammation pathways in many diseases. Its deficiency may make clinicians think not only of supplementation but also of presence of other diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), given that reduced levels are related to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case-control study conducted in the cardiovascular surgery and family medicine departments of a hospital in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 280 participants were included: 140 each in the DVT and control groups. Basic clinical characteristics, comorbidities and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were recorded and then compared between the groups. Serum 25(OH)D levels were also evaluated separately in three subgroups (sufficient, insufficient and deficient). RESULTS: Serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the DVT group than in the controls (P < 0.001). Females in the DVT group had lower 25(OH)D levels than those in the control group (P = 0.002). Nonetheless, the median 25(OH)D level (16.41 ng/ml) of the control group was still below the reference value. Logistic regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was a significant predictor of DVT. Weight, height and body mass index, which all presented interaction, were significant in the logistic regression analysis but not in individual analyses. CONCLUSION: The serum vitamin D levels of DVT patients were lower than those of controls. If the results obtained from our study are supported by further large-scale randomized controlled trials, vitamin D replacement may be brought into the agenda for protection against DVT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Turkey , Case-Control Studies , Extremities
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 241-248, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to determine the role of vitamin D receptor in the pathogenesis of pterygium. The vitamin D receptor eexpression levels in pterygium tissue, blood vitamin D levels, and frequency of selected vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were compared between patients with pterygium and healthy participants. Methods: The study included patients with pterygiumeee (n=50) and healthy volunteers (n=50). The serum vitamin D levels were measured for both groups. Immunohistochemical staining for vitamin D receptor ewas performed on sections obtained from the pterygium and adjacent healthy conjunctival tissues of the same individuals. The genomic existence of vitamin D receptor epolymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were analyzed in DNA obtained from venous blood of participants using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Results: There was no difference found between the serum vitamin D levels of patients with pterygium and healthy controls. However, tissue expression of vitamin D receptor was higher in the pterygium endothelial cells of micro-vessels (p=0.002), subepithelial stromal (p=0.04), and intravascular inflammatory cells (p=0.0001), in comparison with the adjacent healthy conjunctival tissue. Moreover, while the BBtt haplotype was 2-fold higher, the bbTt haplotype was 2.5-fold lower, and the BbTT haplotype was 2.25-fold lower in the control group than in the pterygium group (p<0.001). Conclusions: Vitamin D serum levels did not differ between the healthy and pterygium groups. Vitamin D receptor expression was increased in the pterygium tissue versus the adjacent healthy tissue. However, vitamin D receptor polymorphism analysis in patients with pterygium did not reveal any significant difference in BsmI, FokI, or TaqI polymorphisms in comparison with the healthy volunteers.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o papel do receptor da vitamina D na patogênese do pterígio. Os níveis de expressão do receptor da vitamina D no tecido do pterígio, os níveis sanguíneos de vitamina D e a frequência de alguns polimorfismos do gene do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) foram comparados entre pacientes com pterígio e participantes saudáveis. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes com pterígio (n=50) e voluntários saudáveis (n=50). Os níveis séricos de vitamina D foram medidos em ambos os grupos. Foi feita uma coloração imuno-histoquímica para o receptor da vitamina D em cortes obtidos do pterígio e dos tecidos conjuntivais saudáveis adjacentes dos mesmos indivíduos. A existência de polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) no genoma foi analisada em DNA obtido do sangue venoso dos participantes, usando métodos de Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) e RFLP. Resultados: Não foi observada nenhuma diferença entre os níveis séricos de vitamina D dos pacientes com pterígio e os dos controles saudáveis. Entretanto, a expressão tissular do receptor da vitamina D foi maior nas células endoteliais dos microvasos do pterígio (p=0,002), nas células estromais sub-epiteliais (p=0,04) e nas células inflamatórias intravasculares (p=0,0001), quando comparada à expressão no tecido conjuntival saudável adjacente. Além disso, embora o haplótipo BBtt tenha sido duas vezes mais frequente, o haplótipo bbTt foi 2,5 vezes menos frequente e o haplótipo BbTT foi 2,25 vezes menos frequente no grupo de controle do que no grupo com pterígio (p<0,001). Conclusões: Os níveis séricos de vitamina D não apresentaram diferenças entre o grupo de pessoas saudáveis e o com pterígio. A expressão do receptor da vitamina D mostrou-se maior no grupo com pterígio do que no tecido saudável adjacente. Entretanto, a análise dos polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D nos pacientes com pterígio não revelou qualquer diferença significativa nos polimorfismos BsmI, FokI ou TaqI em comparação com os voluntários saudáveis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/drug effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Pterygium/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 351-355, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the serum levels of vitamin D and minerals in children with or without isolated distal radius fractures. Methods The present prospective clinical study included 50 children (aged between 5 and 15 years) with isolated distal radius fractures who were admitted to our emergency unit between February and May 2018 as the study group (group A), and 50 healthy children with no history of fracture as the control group (group B). Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained and analyzed for measurements of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in both groups. Patient characteristics and peripheral venous blood samples were compared between the groups. Results The mean age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and gender distribution were similar in both groups. There were no statistical differences in the blood analyses, including Ca, Mg, P, ALP, and PTH. However, the serum levels of 25(OH)D were statistically lower in group A when compared to group B (p < 0.001), and the number of patients with 25(OH)D insufficiency was statistically higher in group A than in group B (p = 0.012). Conclusion Children with isolated distal radius fracture should be informed about vitamin D deficiency, and, in children with low levels of vitamin D, supplementation may be considered.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os níveis séricos de vitamina D e minerais de crianças com ou sem fraturas isoladas da extremidade distal do rádio. Métodos Este estudo clínico prospectivo incluiu 50 crianças (com idade entre 5 e 15 anos) com fratura isolada distal do rádio que deram entrada em nossa unidade de emergência entre fevereiro e maio de 2018 como grupo de estudo (grupo A), e 50 crianças saudáveis sem histórico de fratura como grupo controle (grupo B). Foram obtidas e analisadas amostras de sangue venoso periférico para medições de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25(OH)D), Cálcio (Ca), Magnésio (Mg), Fósforo (P), fosfatase alcalina (FA) e hormônio da paratireoide (HPT) em ambos os grupos. As características dos pacientes e as amostras de sangue venoso periférico foram comparadas entre os grupos. Resultados A média de idade, altura, peso, índice de massa corporal (IMC) e distribuição de gênero foram semelhantes em ambos os grupos. Não houve diferenças estatísticas nas análises sanguíneas, incluindo Ca, Mg, P, FA e HPT. No entanto, os níveis séricos de 25(OH)D foram estatisticamente menores no grupo A do que no grupo B (p < 0,001), e o número de pacientes com insuficiência de 25(OH)D foi estatisticamente maior no grupo A do que no grupo B (p = 0,012). Conclusão Crianças com fratura isolada distal do rádio devem ser informadas sobre deficiência de vitamina D, e, em crianças com baixos níveis de vitamina D, a suplementação pode ser considerada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Parathyroid Hormone , Radius Fractures , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Calcium , Alkaline Phosphatase
20.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 14 maio 2021. 1-15 p. fig, ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1224471

ABSTRACT

O termo vitamina D engloba um grupo de moléculas secosteroides derivadas do 7- deidrocolesterol (7-DHC ou provitamina D) interligadas através de uma cascata de reações fotolíticas e enzimáticas que acontecem em células de diferentes tecidos. (CASTRO, 2011). Nos seres humanos, apenas 10% a 20% da vitamina D necessária à adequada função do organismo provém da dieta. (CASTRO, 2011). O restante, cerca de 80%, da vitamina D é produzida na pele após a exposição à radiação ultravioleta B ­ UVB (HOLICK, 2008)


The term vitamin D encompasses a group of secosteroid molecules derived from 7- dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC or provitamin D) interconnected through a cascade of photolytic and enzymatic reactions that occur in cells of different tissues. (CASTRO, 2011). In humans, only 10% to 20% of the vitamin D needed for proper body function comes from the diet. (CASTRO, 2011). The remainder, about 80%, of vitamin D is produced in the skin after exposure to ultraviolet radiation B ­ UVB (HOLICK, 2008)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/biosynthesis
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