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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 371-385, 2024-04-24. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553765

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El efecto de las políticas para el mejoramiento del bienestar de los residentes, en términos de desgaste profesional y compromiso laboral, es controversial y su resultado tras la implementación de la "ley de residentes" (1917/2018) en Colombia es desconocido. Este estudio explora el efecto de esta ley en médicos residentes de cirugía colombianos. Métodos. Estudio de métodos mixtos secuencial explicativo. Inicialmente, se invitó a todos los residentes de cirugía del país a autodiligenciar los cuestionarios UWES-17 y MBI-HSS para evaluar el compromiso laboral (vigor, dedicación y absorción) y desgaste profesional (agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y baja realización personal) antes (2019) y después (2022) de la implementación de la ley. Se probaron diferentes hipótesis mediante modelos de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados fueron explorados con cirujanos mediante grupos focales. La información cualitativa fue analizada manualmente y por inteligencia artificial, y reportada en temas principales. Resultados. Participaron en el estudio 400 residentes. La tasa de desgaste profesional fue de 24,8 % antes y 15,8 % después (p=0,032). El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales confirmó que el agotamiento emocional sobre el desgaste profesional fue menor en 2022 (p=0,022). No se identificaron cambios significativos en el compromiso laboral. La principal explicación fue atribuida a los beneficios económicos de la ley. Conclusión. La tasa de desgaste profesional en médicos residentes de cirugía colombianos se redujo significativamente tras la implementación de la "ley de residentes". Estos hallazgos tienen implicaciones para la practica y el mejoramiento de la calidad de la educación.


Introduction. The effect of policies to improve residents' well-being, in terms of professional burnout and work commitment is controversial, and its result after the implementation of the "residents' law" (1917/2018) in Colombia is unknown. This study explores the effect of this law on Colombian surgical residents. Methods. Explanatory sequential mixed methods study. Initially, all surgical residents in the country were invited to self-complete the UWES-17 and MBI-HSS questionnaires to evaluate work commitment (vigor, dedication, and absorption) and professional burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment) before (2019) and after (2022) the implementation of the law. Different hypotheses were tested using structural equation models. The results were explored with surgeons through focus groups. Qualitative information was analyzed manually and by artificial intelligence, and reported into main themes. Results. 400 residents participated in the study. Burnout rates were 24.8% before and 15.8% after (p=0.032). The structural equations analysis confirmed that emotional exhaustion over professional burnout was lower in 2022 (p=0.022). No significant changes in work commitment were identified. The main explanation was attributed to the economic benefits of the law. Conclusion. The burnout rate in Colombian surgical residents was significantly reduced after the implementation of the "residents' law". These findings have implications for practice and improving the quality of education


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional , Legislation , Internship and Residency , General Surgery , Education, Medical, Graduate , Work Engagement
2.
Psico USF ; 28(4): 825-836, Oct.-Dec. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529180

ABSTRACT

This study explored how the following aspects may influence basic education teachers' life satisfaction: self-esteem, general self-efficacy, self-compassion, positive and negative feelings, moral competence, social support, positive relationships with a colleague, work engagement, age, professional experience (in years), time teaching in the same school, number of schools currently teaching, and approximate number of students per week. One hundred primary and high-school teachers (74 women) participated in the study (mean age 40.9; SD = 10.01). Network analysis provided a model which encompasses the six most relevant aspects that interfere in the life and work of basic education teachers: life satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affects, work engagement, and giving instrumental social support. In addition, the yielded model showed that self-efficacy presented the closest relationship with life satisfaction. We discuss the results in line with previous studies on self-efficacy. Interventions directed at basic education teachers may be more effective if self-efficacy is part of the program.(AU)


Este estudo explorou como os seguintes aspectos influenciam a satisfação de vida de professores da educação básica: autoestima, autoeficácia, autocompaixão, sentimentos positivos e negativos, competência moral, suporte social, relacionamento positivo com colega, engajamento no trabalho, idade, experiência profissional, tempo de ensino na mesma escola, número de escolas e de estudantes. Cem docentes do ensino básico (74 mulheres) participaram do estudo (média de 40,9 anos de idade; DP = 10.01). A análise de rede proporcionou um modelo com os seis aspectos mais relevantes para a vida e o trabalho de professores: satisfação de vida, autoeficácia, autoestima, afetos positivos, engajamento no trabalho e dar suporte social instrumental. Além disso, o modelo mostrou que a autoeficácia apresentou a relação mais próxima com satisfação de vida. Os resultados são discutidos com base em estudos prévios sobre autoeficácia. Intervenções dedicadas a docentes da educação básica podem se beneficiar da inclusão da autoeficácia como parte da programação.(AU)


Este estudio exploró cómo los siguientes aspectos influyen en la satisfacción de vida de los profesores de educación básica: autoestima, autoeficacia, autocompasión, sentimientos positivos y negativos, competencia moral, apoyo social, relación positiva con compañeros, compromiso laboral, edad, experiencia profesional, tiempo de enseñanza en la misma escuela, número de escuelas y número de estudiantes. Cien profesores de educación básica (74 mujeres) participaron en el estudio (edad media 40,9 años; DS = 10,01). El análisis de red proporcionó un modelo con los seis aspectos más relevantes para la vida y el trabajo: satisfacción con la vida, autoeficacia, autoestima, afecto positivo, compromiso en el trabajo y proporcionar apoyo social instrumental. Además, el modelo mostró que la autoeficacia tiene la relación más cercana con la satisfacción en la vida. Los resultados son discutidos con base en estudios previos sobre la autoeficacia. Las intervenciones dirigidas a profesores de educación básica pueden beneficiarse al incluir la autoeficacia como parte del programa.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , School Teachers/psychology , Psychological Well-Being/psychology , Self Concept , Social Support , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Efficacy , Work Engagement , Correlation of Data , Sociodemographic Factors
4.
Educ. med. super ; 37(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1440012

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Dr. C. Oscar B. Alonso Chil (1930-2021) formó parte de los médicos que permanecieron en Cuba después del triunfo de la Revolución. Fue fundador de servicios de asistencia en medicina interna y geriatría, y realizó importantes contribuciones a la docencia médica. Objetivo: Exponer la trayectoria de Oscar B. Alonso Chil como médico y docente de la medicina cubana revolucionaria, a través de su historia de vida. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo descriptivo y de corte cualitativo, donde se utilizó la técnica de la historia de vida, centrada en el aspecto profesional. Para ello se hizo una entrevista semiestructurada al testimoniante como fuente fundamental de información. Se validó el testimonio oral mediante la revisión de la documentación oficial en su expediente docente y la literatura científica existente relacionada con el tema, además de entrevistas a sus alumnos y compañeros de trabajo. Desarrollo: Se constató que fundó servicios; organizó la actividad docente; realizó tutorías, publicaciones y asesorías; y fue miembro de tribunales y consejos científicos. Cada una de sus actividades las desempeñó con gran compromiso e incondicionalidad a su profesión, lo cual le generó mucha satisfacción con la vida. Llegó a ostentar las más altas distinciones por su trabajo: Especialista de Segundo Grado en Medicina Interna, y Profesor Titular, Consultante y de Mérito de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana. Conclusiones: Oscar B. Alonso Chil contribuyó al desarrollo de la medina interna en Cuba en la etapa revolucionaria. Este profesor representa un modelo para los estudiantes de ciencias médicas por su prestigio profesional y científico(AU)


Introduction: Ph.D. Oscar B. Alonso Chil (b. 1930-d. 2021) was one of the physicians who stayed in Cuba after the triumph of the Revolution. He was a founder of the healthcare services for internal medicine and geriatrics, and made important contributions to medical teaching. Objective: To present the professional career of Oscar B. Alonso Chil as a physician and teacher of revolutionary Cuban medicine, through his life history. Methods: A descriptive and qualitative study was carried out, using the life history technique, focused on the professional aspect. For this purpose, a semistructured interview was conducted with the testimony witness as a fundamental source of information. The oral testimony was validated by reviewing the official documentation in his teaching file and the existing scientific literature related to the subject; in addition to interviews with his students and coworkers. Development: It was observed that he founded services, organized the teaching activity, supervised research, made publications and consultancies, and was a member of scientific boards and councils. He performed each of these activities with great commitment and unconditionality to his profession, which gave him great satisfaction with life. He achieved holding the highest distinctions for his work: second-degree specialist in Internal Medicine, as well as Full Professor, Faculty Consultant and Emeritus Professor of the University of Medical Sciences of Havana. Conclusions: Oscar B. Alonso Chil contributed to the development of internal medicine in Cuba during the revolutionary period. This professor represents a role model for students of medical sciences due to his professional and scientific prestige(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Life , Autobiography , Famous Persons , Publications , Research , Liability, Legal , Education, Medical , Faculty/history , Work Engagement , Geriatrics/education , Internal Medicine/education , Medical Assistance
5.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 24-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study determined the association between work engagement among hospital nurses and their work outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, stress, burnout, and turnover intention) and patient outcomes (i.e., missed nursing care, adverse events, and quality of care).@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was employed using secondary data derived from 549 registered nurses working in different hospitals in Central Philippines. Eight self-report questionnaires were adopted to gather data in this study. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to test the hypotheses.@*Results@#Nurses with lower levels of work engagement reported increased levels of job burnout and turnover intention. Those nurses with higher scores on the dedication subscale reported increased job satisfaction and perceived quality of patient care.@*Conclusion@#Work engagement influences nurse work and patient outcomes in the Philippines. Higher levels of work engagement prevent nursing staff from leaving their workplaces and may help them find their work fulfilling personally and professionally. Nursing management should highly consider promoting work engagement through enhancing job resources to meet the needs of nurses and, eventually, improve professional work outcomes and quality patient care.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , Job Satisfaction , Nurses , Patient Care , Philippines , Work Engagement
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250490, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448944

ABSTRACT

As dificuldades e barreiras enfrentadas no processo de inclusão de pessoas com deficiência (PcD) nas organizações incitam o desenvolvimento de pesquisas. Este estudo compreendeu a percepção de psicólogos organizacionais sobre a inclusão de PcD em empresas. Dezoito psicólogos atuantes na área de gestão de pessoas de empresas das sete regiões do estado do Rio Grande do Sul responderam a uma entrevista individual. A média de idade dos participantes foi de 33,17 anos, atuavam em empresas de diferentes segmentos, eram predominantemente do sexo feminino e possuíam pós-graduação em áreas relacionadas. Os relatos dos psicólogos alertaram para o fato de que, em suas graduações, o conteúdo sobre deficiência humana e, especificamente, inclusão no mercado de trabalho foi escasso ou inexistente. Essa lacuna na formação, de egressos de diferentes instituições de ensino superior, é relatada desde os anos de 1990. Para esses psicólogos, barreiras atitudinais e organizacionais são frequentemente enfrentadas no processo de inclusão, tais como o despreparo das empresas, gestores e colaboradores para receber as PcD, os poucos programas voltados a uma prática efetiva de inclusão e não somente ao cumprimento da legislação, além das dificuldades dos próprios profissionais em identificar os potenciais e as limitações que a PcD apresenta e de adaptá-la de maneira correta ao trabalho. O psicólogo organizacional pode contribuir para um processo adequado de inclusão por meio de práticas, tais como treinamentos e sensibilizações, que fomentem a informação e diminuam a discriminação e as dificuldades.(AU)


Difficulties and barriers to including people with disabilities (PwDs) in organizations drives research development. This study sought to understand how organizational psychologists perceived the inclusion of PwDs in organizations. Eighteen organizational psychologists who work in people management for companies in the seven regions of the state of Rio Grande do Sul participated in an individual interview. Most interviewees were female, with average age of 33.17 years, had a postgraduate degree in the field, and worked in companies from different segments. During the interviews, the psychologists called attention to the little or nonexistent content on human disability and, specifically, inclusion in the labor market covered in the graduate course. This gap has been reported by graduates from different higher education institutions since the 1990s. According to the respondents, attitudinal and organizational barriers are often faced in the inclusion process, such as the unpreparedness of companies, managers, and employees to welcome PwD, the few programs aimed at an effective inclusion and not only to comply with the law, as well as the difficulties of the professionals themselves to identify the potentials and limitations that PwD present and to adapt them correctly to the work. Organizational psychologists can contribute to an adequate inclusion process by developing training and sensibilization activities that foster information and reduce discrimination and difficulties.(AU)


Las dificultades y barreras enfrentadas en el proceso de inclusión de personas con discapacidad (PcD) en las organizaciones fortalecen el desarrollo de la investigación. Este estudio entendió la percepción de los psicólogos organizacionales acerca de la inclusión de las PcD en las empresas. Dieciocho psicólogos que trabajan en el área de gestión de personas en empresas de las siete regiones del estado de Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil) respondieron a una entrevista individual. Los participantes tenían una edad promedio de 33,17 años, trabajaban en empresas de diferentes segmentos, eran predominantemente mujeres y tenían un posgrado en el área. Los informes de los psicólogos alertaron sobre el hecho de que el contenido sobre discapacidad humana y, específicamente, su inclusión en el mercado laboral era escaso o inexistente durante su formación académica. Esta brecha en la formación de los egresados de diferentes instituciones de educación superior se reporta desde los 1990. Para estos psicólogos, a menudo ocurren barreras organizacionales y de actitud en el proceso de inclusión de las PcD, como la falta de preparación de las empresas, gerentes y empleados para recibirlas, pocos programas destinados a una práctica efectiva de la inclusión, no solo al cumplimiento de la ley, y las dificultades de los profesionales para identificar las potencialidades y limitaciones y adecuarlas correctamente al trabajo. El psicólogo organizacional puede contribuir a un proceso de inclusión adecuado, con prácticas de capacitación y sensibilización que brindan información y reducen la discriminación y dificultades.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personnel Management , Architectural Accessibility , Organizations , Disabled Persons , Social Inclusion , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Personnel Selection , Prejudice , Psychology , Psychology, Industrial , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Concept , Social Behavior , Social Environment , Social Justice , Social Responsibility , Social Security , Social Welfare , Socialization , Societies , Stereotyping , Awareness , Task Performance and Analysis , Unemployment , Vocational Guidance , Occupational Health Program , Decision Making, Organizational , Handicapped Advocacy , Adaptation, Psychological , Organizational Culture , Occupational Health , Staff Development , Civil Rights , Employment, Supported , Workplace , Efficiency, Organizational , Constitution and Bylaws , Cultural Diversity , Legislation , Personal Autonomy , Whistleblowing , Disability Evaluation , Absenteeism , Economics , Education , Ego , Employee Grievances , Employee Incentive Plans , Employment , Workforce , Health of Specific Groups , Health of the Disabled , Job Market , Occupational Health Policy , Social Stigma , Social Discrimination , Work Performance , Social Workers , Occupational Stress , Work Engagement , Respect , e-Accessibility , Public Nondiscrimination Policies , Social Integration , Right to Work , Empowerment , Teleworking , Disinformation , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Working Conditions , Health Promotion , Ergonomics , Human Rights , Job Application , Job Satisfaction , Labor Unions , Leadership , Life Change Events
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253492, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440794

ABSTRACT

O racismo é um fenômeno que impacta a vida da população negra, direcionando-a para uma condição de marginalização social, inclusive profissionalmente. Diante disso, o presente estudo, qualitativo, objetivou analisar as estratégias de enfrentamento ao racismo adotadas por universitários negros de uma instituição pública de ensino superior no processo de construção de suas carreiras. Adotando-se como referencial a Teoria de Construção da Carreira, 27 entrevistas semiestruturadas foram conduzidas com graduandos (16 do gênero feminino e 11 do gênero masculino) autodeclarados negros de uma universidade situada na região Sudeste do Brasil. Os dados coletados foram submetidos a Análise de Similitude, por meio do software IRaMuTeQ, que demonstrou, a partir de uma árvore máxima, que os discursos dos participantes estiveram centrados no termo "racismo" e em quatro troncos de similitude relacionados aos vocábulos: "negro", "falar", "situação" e "acontecer". Os resultados indicaram que o racismo é um dos fatores que impactam a carreira dos sujeitos, sobretudo por sustentar práticas discriminatórias veladas e limitar oportunidades profissionais. Em resposta a ele, quatro estratégias de enfrentamento foram identificadas: a) diálogo com sujeitos próximos; b) busca por suporte junto à rede de apoio constituída na universidade; c) denúncia de seus impactos; e d) adoção de ações individuais de transformação da realidade. Os achados permitem identificar a adoção de diferentes estratégias individuais e coletivas de enfrentamento ao racismo, que devem ter seu desenvolvimento estimulado pelas instituições de ensino superior, a fim de que se tornem práticas sistematizadas que favoreçam a discussão sobre o fenômeno em âmbitos acadêmico e profissional.(AU)


The phenomenon of racism impacts the lives of Black population, leading them to social marginalization, including professionally. Thus, this qualitative study analyzes the coping strategies adopted by Black undergraduates from a public higher education institution to confront racism during career construction. Adopting the Career Construction Theory as a framework, 27 semi-structured interviews were conducted (16 women and 11 men) with self-declared black undergraduates from a university located in southeastern Brazil. Similarity analysis of the collected data, performed using the IRaMuTeQ software, showed that, from a maximum tree, the participants' speeches centered around the term "racism" and on four similarity trunks related to the words: "black", "talk", "situation" and "happen". Results indicated that racism majorly impacts the subjects' careers, especially by upholding veiled discriminatory practices and limiting professional opportunities. To cope with it, undergraduates adopt four main strategies: a) dialogue with close subjects; b) search for support with the support network established at the university; c) denunciation of its impacts; and d) adoption of individual strategies to transform reality. The findings point to different actions, individual and collective, adopted to fight racism, whose development should be supported by higher education institutions so that they become systemic practices that favor discussing the phenomenon in academic and professional fields.(AU)


El racismo es un fenómeno que impacta la vida de la población negra, llevándola a una condición de marginación social, incluso a nivel profesional. Así, este estudio cualitativo, tuvo por objetivo analizar las estrategias de afrontamiento el racismo que utilizan los universitarios negros de una Institución Pública de Educación Superior en el proceso de construcción de sus carreras. Tomando como referencia la Teoría de Construcción de Carrera, se realizaron 27 entrevistas semiestructuradas a estudiantes (16 mujeres y 11 hombres) autodeclarados negros de una universidad en la región Sureste de Brasil. Los datos recolectados se sometieron a un Análisis de Similitud, desarrollado utilizando el software IRaMuTeQ, que demostró, a partir de un árbol máximo, que los discursos de los participantes se centraron en el término "racismo" y en cuatro troncos de similitud relacionados con las palabras: "negro", "hablar", "situación" y "pasar". Los resultados indicaron que el racismo es uno de los factores que impactan la carrera, especialmente por sostener prácticas discriminatorias veladas y limitar las oportunidades profesionales. En respuesta a ello, se identificaron cuatro estrategias de afrontamiento: a) diálogo con sujetos cercanos; b) búsqueda de apoyo en la red constituida en la universidad; c) denuncia de sus impactos; y d) adopción de acciones individuales para transformar la realidad. Los hallazgos permiten identificar la adopción de diferentes estrategias, individuales y colectivas, para enfrentar el racismo, las cuales deben tener su desarrollo estimulado por las instituciones de educación superior, para que se conviertan en prácticas sistematizadas que favorezcan la discusión del fenómeno en el ámbito académico y profesional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Students , Universities , Adaptation, Psychological , Career Choice , Career Mobility , Racism , Poverty , Prejudice , Problem Solving , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Race Relations , Rejection, Psychology , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Concept , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Class , Social Identification , Social Justice , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Socialization , Societies , Socioeconomic Factors , Stereotyping , Awareness , Work , Ethnicity , Family , Mental Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Color , Cultural Diversity , Crime , Cultural Characteristics , Culture , Personal Autonomy , Dehumanization , Qualitative Research , Racial Groups , Education , Emotions , Employee Incentive Plans , Resilience, Psychological , Altruism , Bullying , Social Stigma , Social Discrimination , Genocide , Enslavement , Protective Factors , Social Capital , Physical Appearance, Body , Work Performance , Social Segregation , Political Activism , Work Engagement , Ethnocentrism , Extremism , Social Oppression , Freedom , Respect , Empowerment , Sociodemographic Factors , Ethnic and Racial Minorities , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Antiracism , Hate , Hierarchy, Social , Household Work , Human Rights , Learning , Minority Groups
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1552753

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El bienestar laboral es un tema importante en las organizaciones, pues con este se busca mejorar las condiciones laborales y sociales en los contextos de trabajo, motivar al trabajador y promover el desarrollo personal, con el fin de desarrollar la salud, generando como ganancia el compromiso de los trabajadores Objetivo: Establecer la correlación entre el bienestar laboral y el compromiso organizacional Metodología: Revisión de la literatura. La información se obtuvo en diferentes bases de datos, considerando los descriptores y la conjunción de estos con operadores booleanos; así como con criterios de inclusión y exclusión. La información se organizó en una matriz de Excel, y se utilizó un diagrama de procesos para su elección. El análisis se ejecutó mediante un resumen analítico de investigación. Desarrollo y discusión: Se converge en que para una organización es importante el bienestar de los trabajadores y las intervenciones que puede realizar la gerencia para desarrollarlo. El compromiso de los trabajadores con la organización permite el crecimiento productivo Conclusión: La correlación que se establece entre el bienestar laboral y el compromiso organizacional es de conse-cuencia y en ambas vías: si un trabajador goza de bienestar laboral, se siente comprometido con la organización y da lo mejor de sí mismo hacia el logro de los objetivos organizacionales. A su vez, se alcanzan las metas personales, porque la organización se centra en promover el bienestar de sus empleados. Palabras clave: calidad de vida; compromiso laboral; promoción de la salud; salud laboral; satisfacción en el trabajo


Introduction: Labor well-being is an important issue in organizations, with this it seeks to improve working and social conditions in work contexts, motivate the worker and promote personal develop-ment in order to develop health, generating as a profit the commitment of workers Objective: Establish the correlation between the well-being work and the organizational commitment Methodology: A review of the literature was carried out, the information was obtained in different databases, considering the descriptors and the conjunction of these with Boolean operators; inclusion and exclusion criteria, the information was organized in an Excel matrix, a process diagram was used for the choice. The analysis was executed using an analytical summary of research. Development and Discussion: It converges on the importance that the well-being of workers has for an organization and the interventions that management can carry out to develop it. Conclusion: The correlation that is established between work well-being and organizational commit-ment is consequential and in both ways, if a worker enjoys work well-being he feels committed to the organization, gives the best of himself, towards the achievement of organizational objectives, in turn personal goals are achieved, because the organization focuses on promoting the well-being of its employees.


Introdução: O bem-estar no local de trabalho é uma questão importante nas organizações, pois busca melhorar as condições de trabalho e sociais nos contextos de trabalho, motivar o trabalhador e promover o desenvolvimento pessoal, com o objetivo de desenvolver a saúde, gerando como ganho o comprometimento dos trabalhadores. Objetivo: Estabelecer a correlação entre bem-estar no trabalho e comprometimento organizacional. Metodologia: Revisão da literatura. As informações foram obtidas em diferentes bancos de dados, considerando os descritores e a conjugação desses com operadores booleanos, bem como os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. As informações foram organizadas em uma matriz do Excel, e um diagrama de processo foi usado para sua eleição. A análise foi realizada por meio de um resumo analítico de pesquisa. Desenvolvimento e discussão: Há uma convergência sobre a importância do bem-estar dos fun-cionários para uma organização e as intervenções que a gerência pode fazer para desenvolvê-lo. O compromisso dos funcionários com a organização possibilita o crescimento produtivo. Conclusão: A correlação entre bem-estar no trabalho e o comprometimento organizacional é bidi-recional: se um funcionário desfruta de bem-estar no trabalho, ele se sente comprometido com a organização e dá o melhor de si para atingir as metas organizacionais. Por sua vez, as metas pessoais são alcançadas, porque a organização se concentra em promover o bem-estar de seus funcionários.


Subject(s)
Occupational Health , Quality of Life , Work Engagement , Health Promotion , Job Satisfaction
9.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e247960, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422417

ABSTRACT

Buscou-se compreender a percepção dos profissionais das medidas socioeducativas acerca do seu engajamento e exaustão com o trabalho. Para isso, realizou-se um estudo qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório, por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada a três integrantes da equipe técnica e dois coordenadores de segurança (idades entre 28 e 57 anos). A análise dos dados foi conduzida com o auxílio do software Iramuteq, que gerou cinco classes temáticas: a) rotina das unidades socioeducativas e as demandas do trabalho dos profissionais; b) gestão de conflitos nas unidades, da mediação à polícia; c) recursos pessoais e institucionais relacionados ao exercício da profissão; d) aspectos relacionados ao contexto de trabalho; e, por último, e) indicadores de esgotamento laboral, adversidades e adoecimento profissional. Os participantes descreveram diversas demandas relacionadas à exaustão física e psicológica (e.g. equipe reduzida, insalubridade, baixo salário e fragilidade do vínculo empregatício), mas também ressaltaram a relevância social de sua prática profissional junto aos adolescentes e o relacionamento positivo entre os profissionais como fatores que justificam o seu engajamento e permanência nas instituições socioeducativas. Conclui-se evidenciando que os contextos têm influência direta na saúde desses profissionais, o que sublinha a importância de se olhar para suas condições de trabalho e para aspectos ligados à saúde mental, promovendo, desse modo, avanços na realidade socioeducativa.(AU)


The aim was to understand the perception of professionals of socio-educational measures about their engagement and exhaustion with work. To that end, a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study was carried out by means of a semi-structured interview with three members of the technical team and two safety coordinators (ages between 28 and 57 years). Data analysis was conducted with the help of the IRAMUTEQ software, which generated five thematic classes: a) routine of socio-educational units and work demands of professionals; b) conflict management in the units, from mediation to the police; c) personal and institutional resources related to the exercise of the profession; d) aspects related to the work context; and, lastly, e) indicators of labor exhaustion, adversity, and occupational illness. Participants described several demands related to physical and psychological exhaustion (e.g. reduced team, insalubrity, low salary, and fragility of the employment relationship), but also emphasized the social relevance of their professional practice with adolescents and the positive relationship among professionals as factors that justify their engagement and permanence in socio- educational institutions. It is concluded that the contexts have a direct influence on the health of these professionals, which highlights the importance of looking at their working conditions and aspects related to mental health, thus promoting advances in the socio-educational reality.(AU)


Se procuró comprender la percepción de los profesionales que trabajan con medidas socioeducativas sobre su comprometimiento y el agotamiento en el trabajo. Para esto, se realizó un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio, por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada a tres integrantes del equipo técnico y dos coordinadores de seguridad (edades entre 28 y 57 años). El análisis de los datos fue conducido en el software IRAMUTEQ, que generó cinco clases temáticas: a) rutina de las unidades socioeducativas: demandas del trabajo de los profesionales; b) manejo de conflictos en las unidades: desde la mediación hasta la policía; c) recursos personales e institucionales relacionados al ejercicio de la profesión; d) aspectos relacionados al contexto del trabajo; e) indicadores de agotamiento laboral, adversidades y enfermedad del profesional. Los participantes describieron diversas demandas relacionadas al agotamiento físico y psicológico (por ej.: equipo reducido, insalubridad, bajos sueldos y fragilidad del vínculo laboral), pero también destacaron la importancia social de su práctica profesional junto a los adolescentes y el vínculo positivo entre los profesionales como factores que justifican su comprometimiento y permanencia en las instituciones socioeducativas. Se concluye que los contextos influyen directamente en la salud de estos profesionales, lo que rescata la importancia de verificar sus condiciones de trabajo y los aspectos relacionados a la salud mental, promoviendo, de este modo, avances en la realidad socioeducativa.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Societies , Burnout, Professional , Education , Work Engagement , Anxiety , Orientation , Personality , Personnel Loyalty , Personnel Turnover , Psychology , Public Policy , Punishment , Rehabilitation , Reinforcement, Psychology , Attention , Audiovisual Aids , Self-Assessment , Self Concept , Social Change , Social Control, Informal , Social Isolation , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Values , Socialization , Sports , Suicide , Violence , Vocational Guidance , Work , Behavioral Symptoms , Computer Simulation , Software , Occupational Risks , Cardiovascular Diseases , Illicit Drugs , Child Advocacy , Mental Health , Occupational Health , Adolescent, Institutionalized , Adolescent Behavior , Yang Deficiency , Civil Defense , Parenting , Family Planning Policy , Interview , Creativity , Crime , Affective Symptoms , Culture , Dangerous Behavior , Public Attorneys , Decision Making , Denial, Psychological , Dehumanization , Trust , Aggression , Depersonalization , Depression , Diagnosis , Dreams , Education, Professional , Educational Status , Emotions , Empathy , Employment , Inpatient Care Units , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Family Conflict , Fatigue , Social Marginalization , Hope , Emotional Adjustment , Underage Drinking , Professionalism , Harassment, Non-Sexual , Occupational Stress , Freedom , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Burnout, Psychological , Respect , Body Dissatisfaction , Social Comparison , Financial Stress , Self-Compassion , Community Support , Citizenship , Job Security , Emotional Exhaustion , Subjective Stress , Time Pressure , Guilt , Human Rights , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Labor Unions , Leisure Activities , Morale , Occupational Diseases
10.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244065, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431122

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o impacto das variáveis habilidades sociais, resolução de problemas sociais, automonitoria, autoeficácia e coping na adaptação acadêmica em estudantes de instituições de ensino superior públicas e privadas. Participaram 637 estudantes de ambos os sexos, sendo 36,5% (115) homens de instituições públicas e 22,3% (72) de instituições privadas, com idade variando entre 18 e 38 anos (M=24,7; DP=6,3), de diferentes graduações. Foram utilizados o Inventário de Resolução de Problemas Sociais, o Inventário de Habilidades Sociais, a Escala de Automonitoria, a Escala de Autoeficácia Acadêmica de Estudantes do Ensino Superior, o Inventário de Estratégias de Coping e o Questionário de Vivências Acadêmicas-reduzido. A autoeficácia na gestão acadêmica (40,9%) e a autoafirmação na expressão de afeto positivo (13,7%) apresentaram maior impacto para os estudantes de instituições públicas e privadas, podendo contribuir com possíveis intervenções no processo de adaptação ao ensino superior. Pesquisas prospectivas podem investigar questões relacionadas a dados sociodemográficos.(AU)


The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of the variables Social Skills, Resolution of Social Problems, Self-monitoring, Self-efficacy and Coping on Academic Adaptation in students from public and private higher education institutions. 637 students of both sexes participated, being 36.5% (115) men from public institutions and 22.3% (72) from private institutions, aged between 18 to 38 years (M = 24.7; SD = 6.3), of different grades. The Social Problem Solving Inventory, the Social Skills Inventory, the Self-Monitring Scale, the Higher Education Students' Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, the Coping Strategies Inventory and the Academic Experiences-Reduced Questionnaire were used. Self-efficacy in Academic Management (40.9%) and Self-affirmation in the Expression of Positive Affection (13.7%) had a greater impact on students from public and private institutions, which may contribute to possible interventions in the process of adapting to Higher Education. Prospective research can investigate issues related to sociodemographic data.(AU)


El objetivo del estudio fue investigar el impacto de las variables Habilidades sociales, Resolución de problemas sociales, Autocontrol, Autoeficacia y Afrontamiento en la adaptación académica en estudiantes de instituciones de educación superior públicas y privadas. Participaron 637 estudiantes de ambos sexos, siendo 36,5% (115) hombres de instituciones públicas y 22,3% (72) de instituciones privadas, con edades entre 18 y 38 años (M = 24,7; SD = 6,3), de diferentes grados. Se utilizaron el Inventario de Resolución de Problemas Sociales, el Inventario de Habilidades Sociales, la Escala de Autocontrol, la Escala de Autoeficacia Académica de los Estudiantes de Educación Superior, el Inventario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento y el Cuestionario de Experiencias Académicas Reducidas. La Autoeficacia en la Gestión Académica (40,9%) y la Autoafirmación en la Expresión de Afecto Positivo (13,7%) tuvieron un mayor impacto en los estudiantes de instituciones públicas y privadas, lo que puede contribuir a posibles intervenciones en el proceso de adaptación a la Educación Superior. La investigación prospectiva puede investigar cuestiones relacionadas con los datos sociodemográficos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Social Adjustment , Universities , Adaptation, Psychological , Problem-Based Learning , Self Efficacy , Social Skills , Anxiety , Personal Satisfaction , Professional Competence , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Schools , Autoanalysis , Social Change , Social Class , Social Environment , Social Support , Social Values , Socialization , Sociology , Teaching , Thinking , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Shyness , Career Choice , Career Mobility , Attitude , Mental Health , Statistics as Topic , Liability, Legal , Organizational Policy , Investigative Techniques , Time Management , Cognition , College Admission Test , Community-Institutional Relations , Competitive Behavior , Cultural Diversity , Cooperative Behavior , Lecture , Creativity , Personal Autonomy , Democracy , Trust , Education , Educational Measurement , Emotions , Employee Incentive Plans , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Planning , Faculty , Resilience, Psychological , Altruism , Feedback , Fellowships and Scholarships , Social Networking , Metacognition , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work-Life Balance , Academic Performance , Academic Success , Work Engagement , Scholarly Communication , Latent Class Analysis , Social Integration , Social Inclusion , Social Evolution , Self-Testing , Financial Stress , Community Resources , Sociodemographic Factors , Family Support , Coping Skills , Health Promotion , Intelligence , Interpersonal Relations , Learning , Learning Disabilities , Life Change Events
11.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e278525, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529222

ABSTRACT

O Sistema de Avaliação de Testes Psicológicos (SATEPSI) recebeu notoriedade entre brasileiros e estrangeiros por oferecer um complexo sistema de qualificação dos testes psicológicos, pouco visto em âmbito mundial. Sua elaboração dependeu de uma autarquia, que o financiou, normatizou e o mantém, mas também de pesquisadores docentes de avaliação psicológica, que trouxeram a expertise da área para que houvesse o pleno estabelecimento de seus parâmetros. Passadas duas décadas de seu lançamento, o SATEPSI foi tema de artigos, capítulos, lives e diálogos digitais, nos quais foram destaque, de modo geral, as Resoluções do Conselho Federal de Psicologia, que o normatiza, e seus impactos para a área de avaliação psicológica - como, por exemplo, o aumento do número de pesquisas e de testes brasileiros qualificados. O que se pretende neste artigo é mencionar sua construção, à luz dos autores que vivenciaram o SATEPSI em funções e tempos distintos. Atenção especial será dada aos Métodos Projetivos, cuja história ainda é pouco revelada.(AU)


The system to evaluate psychological tests (Satepsi) received notoriety among Brazilians and foreigners for offering a complex system of qualification of psychological tests, which is rarely seen worldwide. Its development depended on an autarchy (which financed, standardized, and maintains it) and on researchers teaching psychological assessment, who brought their expertise to the area so its parameters could be fully established. After two decades of its launch, Satepsi was the subject of articles, chapters, lives, and digital dialogues, which usually highlighted the Resolutions of the Federal Council of Psychology that normatize psychological evaluation and their impacts, such as the increase in the number of qualified Brazilian tests. This study aims to mention its construction in the light of the authors who experienced Satepsi in different functions and times, giving special attention to Projective Methods, whose history remains to be shown.(AU)


El Sistema de Evaluación de Tests Psicológicos (SATEPSI) ganó notoriedad entre los brasileños y los extranjeros por ofrecer un complejo sistema de calificación de los tests psicológicos, poco frecuente a nivel mundial. Su elaboración dependió de una autarquía, que lo financió, lo estandarizó y lo mantiene, pero también de investigadores docentes de evaluación psicológica, que trajeron la experiencia del área para que hubiera el pleno establecimiento de sus parámetros. Tras dos décadas de su lanzamiento, SATEPSI fue tema de artículos, capítulos, en directo y diálogos digitales, en los cuales destacaron, de modo general, las Resoluciones del Consejo Federal de Psicología que lo normatiza y sus impactos para el área de evaluación psicológica, como el aumento del número de investigaciones y de pruebas brasileñas calificadas. Lo que se pretende en este artículo es mencionar su construcción, a la luz de los autores que vivieron el SATEPSI en funciones y tiempos distintos. Se prestará especial atención a los métodos proyectivos cuya historia aún no se ha revelado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Psychological Tests , Psychometrics , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Personality Assessment , Personality Tests , Aptitude Tests , Professional Competence , Professional Practice , Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Psychology , Safety , Audiovisual Aids , Self-Evaluation Programs , Social Control, Formal , Societies , Students , Vocational Guidance , Behavior , Professional Review Organizations , Body Image , Computer Systems , Mental Health , Efficacy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Liability, Legal , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Total Quality Management , Commerce , Lecture , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Internet , Credentialing , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Diagnosis , Employee Performance Appraisal , Science, Technology and Society , Ethics , Professional Training , Courses , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Expert Testimony , Self Report , Test Taking Skills , Quality Improvement , Pandemics , Social Skills , Data Accuracy , Behavior Rating Scale , Work Engagement , Internet Access , Web Archives as Topic , Internet-Based Intervention , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Psychological Well-Being , Human Rights , Intelligence , Intelligence Tests , Manuals as Topic , Neuropsychological Tests
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e261750, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529225

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou descrever a identidade profissional de psicólogos judiciários, partindo do cenário contemporâneo da Psicologia Jurídica brasileira, contexto que envolve crises e conflitos sobre a forma de responder a atribuições e demandas do campo legal. Pela perspectiva da sociologia das identidades profissionais de Claude Dubar, sustenta-se a hipótese de que a identidade profissional do psicólogo judiciário depende de estratégias de compatibilização entre o pertencimento à categoria e as atribuições legais e institucionais. Participaram 95 psicólogos do quadro ativo do Tribunal de Justiça de São Paulo, que responderam a um formulário online sobre a percepção de si e do campo de atuação. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Os resultados indicam a saliência da avaliação psicológica e da interdisciplinaridade na identidade profissional, e as rupturas identitárias diante de práticas verificatórias. Tais achados apontam a necessidade de participação da categoria na construção de suas atribuições; e dificuldades para o exercício das funções por limitações à autonomia profissional.(AU)


This study aimed to describe the professional identity of forensic psychologists, considering Brazil's Legal Psychology contemporary scenario which relates to a critical issues on how practitioners respond the demands of the legal system. Based on Claude Dubar's sociology of professional identities, we support the hypothesis that forensic psychologists' professional identity depends on strategies of compatibilization between belonging their reference group and the institutional attributions. There were 95 participants, all from the current staff of the Court of Justice of the state of São Paulo, who answered an online form. The data were subjected to content analysis. The results indicate a professional identity with noted salience on psychological assessment and interdisciplinarity, and the identity crises regarding verification practices. Such findings highlight the importance of practitioners taking part on the construction of their own tasks.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir la identidad profesional de los psicólogos forenses, considerando el escenario de la Psicología Jurídica brasileña, que se relaciona con una crisis sobre si estos profesionales responden a las demandas del sistema legal. Teniendo en cuenta la sociología de las identidades profesionales de Claude Dubar, sostenemos la hipótesis de que la identidad profesional de los psicólogos forenses depende de estrategias de compatibilización entre la pertenencia a su grupo profesional y a instituciones. Participaron 95 psicólogos, quienes actuaban en el Tribunal de Justicia del Estado de São Paulo, a los cuales se aplicó un formulario en línea. Los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido. Los resultados indican una identidad profesional saliente en cuanto a la evaluación psicológica y la interdisciplinariedad, pero también crisis de identidad en relación con las prácticas de verificación. Tales resultados señalan la importancia de que la categoría participe en la construcción de sus propias atribuciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Identification , Forensic Psychiatry , Professional Training , Forensic Psychology , Organization and Administration , Philosophy , Professional Practice Location , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Research , Self Concept , Social Desirability , Social Environment , Social Sciences , Social Welfare , Social Work , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Work , Decision Making, Organizational , Health Services Administration , Acting Out , Decision Support Systems, Management , Brazil , Adaptation, Psychological , Career Choice , Child Advocacy , Demography , Mental Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Staff Development , Civil Rights , Professional Autonomy , Negotiating , Workplace , Confidentiality , Cultural Diversity , Knowledge , Criminal Law , Culture , Psychosocial Impact , Democracy , Personnel Delegation , Efficiency , Eligibility Determination , Employment , Health Research Evaluation , Workforce , User Embracement , Expert Testimony , Exploratory Behavior , Sociological Factors , Social Capital , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work Engagement , Socioeconomic Rights , Freedom , Psychosocial Functioning , Sociodemographic Factors , Belonging , Clinical Relevance , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Population Groups , Working Conditions , Health Promotion , Human Development , Interpersonal Relations , Job Description , Jurisprudence , Knowledge of Results, Psychological , Leadership , Anthropology, Cultural
13.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252743, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448951

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa é identificar e compreender fenomenologicamente, por meio de relato de Psicólogos de Esporte (PE) e de Coaches, em sua vivência prática, como ocorrem os processos reflexivos em sua atuação, conforme apreendidos a partir de relatos de experiências. O método de investigação escolhido foi a fenomenologia, pois oferece os recursos necessários para tal mergulho junto à experiência reflexiva. A amostra intencional foi delineada por PE e Coaches (profissionais de Educação Física que recorrem ao Coaching) em atividade em esportes de alto rendimento, que tenham atuado ou estejam atuando em modalidades esportivas coletivas e/ou individuais. Realizaram-se nove entrevistas (cinco com PE, quatro com Coaches). O acesso ao objeto desse estudo se deu por meio de entrevistas em profundidade e semiestruturadas, orientadas pela escuta suspensiva. As questões disparadoras foram formuladas com base no Procedimento Estruturado de Reflexão adaptado. Para análise das entrevistas, realizou-se uma síntese de cada relato, seguindo-se de cruzamento intencional. Como resultados, percebeu-se que PE e Coaches trazem algumas similaridades no que se refere aos modos de refletir sobre sua prática. No entanto, as experiências que eles fazem desses processos reflexivos é que podem tomar rumos distintos. Os(as) PE amparam-se na regulamentação da profissão e resguardam-se em seus apontamentos, trazendo suas experiências e reflexões sobre os processos vividos. Os(as) Coaches trazem em suas explanações um trabalho coerente, organizado e compatível com o método do Coaching. Problematizar os processos reflexivos desses profissionais permite diferenciar qualitativa e eticamente suas atuações, possibilitando o fomento multiprofissional no esporte.(AU)


The aim of this study consists in phenomenologically identifying and understanding, by the report of Sport Psychologists (SP) and coaches, in their practical experience, how would be the reflexive processes that take place in their performance, as learned from reports of their experiences. The research method chosen was phenomenology, since it offers the necessary resources for such a dive along with the reflective experience. The intentional sample was outlined by SP and coaches (Physical Education professionals who use coaching) active in high performance sports, who have or are working in collective and/or individual sports. Nine interviews were conducted (five with SP, four with coaches). Access to the object of this study took place by in-depth and semi-structured interviews, guided by suspensive listening. The triggering questions were formulated based on the adapted Structured Reflection Procedure. For the analysis of the interviews, a synthesis of each report was carried out, followed by the intentional crossing. As results, it was noticed that SP and coaches bring some similarities regarding the ways of reflecting on their practice. However, their experiences of these reflective processes are that they can take different directions. The SP are based on the regulation of the profession and guard themselves in their notes, bringing their experiences and reflections on the processes experienced. Coaches bring in their explanations a coherent, organized, and compatible work with the coaching method. Problematizing the reflective processes of these professionals allows to differentiate their actuation qualitatively and ethically, making the multiprofessional phenomenon in sport possible.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio consiste en identificar y comprender fenomenológicamente, a partir de la experiencia práctica de psicólogos del deporte (PD) y coaches, cómo serían los procesos reflexivos que se llevan a cabo en su rendimiento, tal y como se desprende de los informes de experiencias. El método de investigación elegido fue la fenomenología, ya que ofrece los recursos necesarios junto con la experiencia. La muestra intencional fue delineada por PD y coaches (profesionales de la educación física que utilizan el coaching) activos en deportes de alto rendimiento, que tienen o están trabajando en deportes colectivos e/o individuales. Se realizaron nueve entrevistas (cinco con PD, cuatro con coaches). El acceso al objeto de este estudio fue entrevistas en profundidad y semiestructuradas, guiadas por escuchas suspensivas. Las preguntas se formularon desde el procedimiento de reflexión estructurado adaptado. Para el análisis de las entrevistas, se hizo una síntesis de cada informe, seguida del cruce intencional. Como resultados, se notó que los PD y coaches tienen algunas similitudes con respecto a las formas de reflexionar sobre su práctica. Sin embargo, las experiencias que hacen de estos procesos pueden tomar diferentes direcciones. Los(las) PD se basan en la regulación de la profesión y se protegen en sus notas, aportando sus experiencias y reflexiones sobre los procesos vividos. Los(las) coaches plantean en sus explicaciones un trabajo coherente, organizado y compatible con el método de Coaching. Problematizar los procesos reflexivos de estos profesionales permite diferenciar sus acciones de manera cualitativa y ética, además de posibilitar la promoción multiprofesional en el deporte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Psychology, Sports , Mentoring , Anxiety , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Personal Satisfaction , Aptitude , Physical Education and Training , Physical Endurance , Natural Science Disciplines , Play and Playthings , Professional Competence , Psychology , Psychomotor Performance , Quality of Health Care , Quality of Life , Recreation , Rehabilitation , Running , Attention , Science , Sleep , Soccer , Social Control, Formal , Social Identification , Social Justice , Sports Medicine , Stress, Psychological , Swimming , Teaching , Therapeutics , Track and Field , Vocational Guidance , Wounds and Injuries , Yoga , Behavioral Sciences , Breathing Exercises , Health , Mental Health , Physical Fitness , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Occupational Health , Walking , Professional Autonomy , Guidelines as Topic , Interview , Congresses as Topic , Meditation , Life , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Wit and Humor , Fitness Centers , Practice Management , Complex Regional Pain Syndromes , Credentialing , Crisis Intervention , Mind-Body Therapies , Exercise Movement Techniques , Biomedical Enhancement , Depression , Diet , Dietetics , Education, Nonprofessional , Employee Performance Appraisal , Employment , Ethics, Professional , Sanitary Supervision , Professional Training , Athletic Performance , Resistance Training , Resilience, Psychological , Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena , Feeding Behavior , Athletes , Capacity Building , Sports Nutritional Sciences , Return to Sport , Work Performance , Professionalism , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Academic Success , Water Sports , Work Engagement , Cognitive Psychology , Science and Development , Cognitive Training , Psychological Well-Being , Working Conditions , Gymnastics , Health Occupations , Health Promotion , Anatomy , Job Description , Jurisprudence , Leadership , Learning , Life Style , Memory , Methods , Motivation , Motor Activity , Motor Skills , Movement , Muscle Relaxation , Muscles , Obesity
14.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 36: 3, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431150

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evidence the validity and reliability ofthe Ecuadorian version ofthe Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, one of the most studied concepts of positive psychology. The adaptation process included translation and semantic and idiomatic validation. For content validation, an expert review and focus group were conducted. The questionnaire was applied to 2423 workers in Ecuador with a mean age of 37 years (SD = 9.04), and 65.6% were women. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess the validity of the scale's dimensionality. The reliability and convergent and discriminant validity were also evaluated. In order to investigate the best solution for an Ecuadorian version ofthe Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, four structural models were assessed. The unidimensional solution was the most adequate structure for the scale. The internal consistency of the scale was adequate. The Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) was developed to assess this positive psychological state and has been the most used tool in many contexts. To our knowledge, this study is the first to adapt the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale into the Ecuadorian context and evaluate its validity. The findings support its reliability, factorial, and construct validity in the Ecuadorian context. Furthermore, the results show that dispositional hope acts as a protective factor, promoting work engagement and preventing burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Translations , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Hope , Psychology, Positive , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Ecuador , Work Engagement , Burnout, Psychological
15.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13: 1-6, dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1414396

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar se os pacientes prostatectomizados são informados sobre a possibilidade de superação da perda da função erétil pelos benefícios da sexualidade humana após a intervenção cirúrgica. Métodos: A técnica utilizada foi a análise temática que consiste na busca dos núcleos de sentido para se construir uma comunicação. O estudo foi realizado em um hospital de referência no tratamento de câncer e envolveu pacientes prostatectomizados no pós-operatório mediato. Resultados: A perda da função erétil pode ser superada pela utilização da sexualidade humana materializada no amor, carinho e compreensão. Conclusão: A escassez de informações sobre os efeitos da prostatectomia em pacientes cirúrgicos inaugura uma contradição no processo de atenção à saúde aos portadores de câncer de próstata. A contradição, advém do fato de que a resposta a esta questão admite as duas possibilidades, mito e verdade. (AU)


Objective: To verify whether prostatectomy patients are informed about the possibility of overcoming the loss of erectile function due to the benefits of human sexuality after surgical intervention. Methods: The technique used was thematic analysis, which consists of the search for meaning cores to build communication. The study was carried out in a reference hospital for the treatment of cancer and involved patients undergoing prostatectomy in the immediate postoperative period. Results: The loss of erectile function can be overcome by the use of human sexuality materialized in love, affection and understanding. Conclusion: The scarcity of information about the effects of prostatectomy in surgical patients opens a contradiction in the health care process for patients with cancer of prostate. The contradiction comes from the fact that the answer to this question admits the two possibilities, myth and truth. (AU)


Objetivo: Verificar si los pacientes prostatectomizados están informados sobre la posibilidad de superar la pérdida de la función eréctil por los beneficios de la sexualidad humana tras la intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: La técnica utilizada fue el análisis temático, que consiste en la búsqueda de núcleos de significado para construir la comunicación. El estudio se llevó a cabo en un hospital de referencia para el tratamiento del cáncer e involucró a pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía en el postoperatorio inmediato. Resultados: La pérdida de la función eréctil puede superarse mediante el uso de la sexualidad humana materializada en el amor, el afecto y la comprensión. Conclusión: La escasez de información sobre los efectos de la prostatectomía en pacientes quirúrgicos abre una contradicción en el proceso de atención de la salud de los pacientes con cáncer de próstata. La contradicción proviene del hecho de que la respuesta a esta pregunta admite las dos posibilidades, mito y verdad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Prostatectomy , Sexuality , Work Engagement
16.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-10, jul. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393223

ABSTRACT

El clima organizacional constituye uno de los elementos a considerar en los procesos organizativos y la calidad de los servicios públicos de salud. En este artículo se realiza una valoración sobre el tema, con el objetivo de caracterizar el trabajo de nuestros Centros de Diagnóstico Integral (CDI). Entre varios argumentos se analizan las técnicas propuestas por Letwin y Stinger. Se enfatiza en las técnicas de exploración del clima organizacional a través de cuatro dimensiones básicas: motivación, liderazgo, reciprocidad y participación. Se realizó análisis de contenido de documentos, que incluyó artículos originales y de revisión publicados desde el año 2001 al 2021, se identificaron y revisaron artículos que fueron útiles para el desarrollo de la revisión, así como monografías de varias revistas y tesis doctorales actualizadas que permitieron el análisis histórico lógico de la evolución de la definición del clima organizacional. La sistematización de los términos relacionados con el clima organizacional permitió definirlo con sus características, dimensiones e importancia, sin embargo se hace necesario su conocimiento para el mejoramiento de la calidad en las instituciones laborales.


The organizational climate constitutes one of the elements to be considered in the organizational processes and the quality of public health services. In this article an assessment is made on the subject, with the aim of characterizing the work of our Comprehensive Diagnostic Centers (CDI). Among several arguments, the techniques proposed by Letwin and Stinger are analyzed. Emphasis is placed on the techniques for exploring the organizational climate through four basic dimensions: motivation, leadership, reciprocity, and participation. Document content analysis was carried out, which included original and review articles published from 2001 to 2021, identifying and reviewing articles that were useful for the development of the review, as well as monographs from various journals and updated doctoral theses that allowed the logical historical analysis of the evolution of the definition of organizational climate. The systematization of the terms related to the organizational climate, allowed to define it, with its characteristics, dimensions and importance, however its knowledge is necessary for the improvement of quality in labor institutions.


O clima organizacional constitui um dos elementos a serem considerados nos processos organizacionais e na qualidade dos serviços públicos de saúde. Neste artigo é feita uma avaliação sobre o assunto, com o objetivo de caracterizar o trabalho de nossos Centros de Diagnóstico Integral (CDI). Entre vários argumentos, são analisadas as técnicas propostas por Letwin e Stinger. A ênfase é colocada nas técnicas de exploração do clima organizacional por meio de quatro dimensões básicas: motivação, liderança, reciprocidade e participação. Foi realizada análise de conteúdo documental, que incluiu artigos originais e de revisão publicados de 2001 a 2021, identificando e revisando artigos que foram úteis para o desenvolvimento da revisão, além de monografias de diversos periódicos e teses de doutorado atualizadas que permitiram a análise histórica lógica da evolução da definição de clima organizacional. A sistematização dos termos relacionados ao clima organizacional, permitiu defini-lo, com suas características, dimensões e importância, porém seu conhecimento é necessário para a melhoria da qualidade nas instituições trabalhistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Quality of Health Care , Venezuela , Strategic Planning , Organizational Culture , Work Engagement , Job Satisfaction , Leadership , Motivation
17.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 38(2): e4195, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408342

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sobrecarga laboral, los recursos insuficientes y las condiciones precarias obligan a la enfermera brindar cuidados a la carrera en muchas ocasiones, debido a que debe distribuir su tiempo en las múltiples actividades del servicio. Promover el compromiso en las enfermeras implica un alto sentido de conexión física, cognitiva y emocional con la calidad del cuidado al paciente y contribuye con el logro de los objetivos institucionales. Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia científica relacionada con el compromiso en el cuidado de enfermería. Métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura entre los meses de julio a setiembre del 2020. Se realizó la búsqueda de artículos en las siguientes bases de datos: Wiley Online Library, Pubmed, DOAJ, SciELO, Eselvier, Sage Journals, Proquest y Lilacs; se aplicó el uso de los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DeCS), Descriptores MeSH y la combinación de los operadores booleanos OR y AND. Se consideraron textos completos en inglés, portugués y español entre los años del 2010 al 2020, los cuales fueron sometidos a la metodología PRISMA. Se seleccionaron 27 artículos. Conclusiones: El compromiso surge en la enfermera como resultado de varios factores, entre ellos la vocación, la autonomía, la confianza, el apoyo social, la edad, el entorno laboral, el tipo de horario y la reflexión crítica, estos influyen de forma positiva o negativa en el desempeño, la capacidad laboral, la satisfacción y, sobretodo, en la calidad de los cuidados que se brindan(AU)


Introduction: Work overload, insufficient resources and precarious conditions force the nurse to provide care in a hurry on many occasions, due to the fact that she or he must distribute their time among the multiple activities of the service. Promoting commitment among nurses implies a high sense of physical, cognitive and emotional connection with the quality of patient care and contribute to the achievement of institutional objectives. Objective: To analyze the scientific evidence related to commitment in nursing care. Methods: Systematic review of the literature from July to September 2020. Articles were searched in the following databases: Wiley Online Library, Pubmed, DOAJ, SciELO, Elsevier, Sage Journals, Proquest and Lilacs. Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), as well as the combination of the Boolean operators OR and, were used. Full texts published in English, Portuguese and Spanish between 2010 and 2020 were considered and processed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses methodology. Twenty-seven articles were selected. Conclusions: Commitment appears in the nurse as a result of several factors, including vocation, autonomy, confidence, social support, age, work environment, type of schedule, and critical reflection; these influence, positively or negatively, performance, work capacity, satisfaction and, above all, the quality of provided care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Total Quality Management , Work Engagement , Nursing Care/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Methodology as a Subject , Work Performance
18.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928828

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Global aging continues to progress. The shortage of human resources involved in long-term care (LTC) is a serious problem worldwide. It is necessary to promote the stable employment of foreign care workers. The purpose of this study was to identify which factors, including well-being, work engagement, and original items, contribute to foreign care workers' intent to continue working.@*METHODS@#We conducted an anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey of 259 foreign LTC workers at LTC facilities in Japan. The questionnaire survey items included the Japanese version of the Subjective Well-being Scale (J-SWBS), the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (J-UWES), and original items related to educational needs and issues. We used multiple regression analysis to predict variability from correlations among variables. And after that, we conducted a path analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM), and added that the explanatory variables (IV) were well-being, work engagement, and the original item component, and that the outcome variable (DV) was intention to continue working. We set a hypothetical model based on structural equations, corrected by path analysis, and examined its suitability.@*RESULTS@#The number of returned questionnaires for 259 foreign care workers was 147 (response rate 56.7%), and the number of analyzable questionnaires was 129 (valid response rate 49.8%). For intention to continue working, the results of structural equation modeling showed direct effects for satisfaction with low back pain measure guidance (β = .255), satisfaction with the national examination guidance method (β = .217), well-being (β = .046), and work engagement (β = .026). In work-engagement, there was a direct effect of happiness (β = .715), willingness to learn good care (β = 4.849), and confidence in my ability (β = 2.902,), whilst in well-being, satisfaction with low back pain measure guidance (β = 1.582) and confidence in my ability (β = 1.999) were found to have direct effects.@*CONCLUSIONS@#To increase the intent of foreign care workers to continue working, appropriate guidance should be given related to the development of lumbago. In addition, to provide a place and scene where they can learn good care, having a relationship in practice where foreign care workers can feel that their abilities are being utilized, and developing and maintaining educational support that motivates them to learn good care may be effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Personnel , Intention , Japan , Work Engagement
19.
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto, Online) ; 32: e3236, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1406172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Personal resources influence professionals' relationships with their work and impact their engagement. Thus, we investigated whether the relationships between personality traits and meaningful work with engagement showed differences before and during the pandemic. The sample comprised 963 professionals with 828 participants, with a mean age of 35.5 years (SD = 10.7 years) before the COVID-19 pandemic, and 135 professionals with a mean age of 42.1 years (SD = 8.1 years) during the pandemic. The participants' personality traits, meaningful work, and work engagement were assessed. Differences in the relationships between personal resources and engagement were investigated through network analysis. No significant differences were observed in the relationships investigated before and during the pandemic. Significant work was related to personality traits and played a central role in the network, evidencing its importance in promoting engagement at work.


Resumo Os recursos pessoais influenciam nas relações dos profissionais com seu trabalho e impactam no seu engajamento. Desta forma, este estudo teve como objetivo investigar se as relações entre os traços de personalidade e o trabalho significativo com o engajamento apresentavam diferenças antes e durante a pandemia. A amostra compreendeu 963 profissionais, sendo 828 participantes, com idade média 35,5 anos (DP = 10,7 anos) antes da pandemia da COVID-19 e 135 profissionais, com idade média 42,1 anos (DP = 8,1 anos) durante a pandemia. Foram avaliados os traços de personalidade, trabalho significativo e engajamento no trabalho dos participantes. As diferenças nas relações entre os recursos pessoais com o engajamento foram investigadas por meio da análise de redes. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nas relações investigadas antes e durante a pandemia. O trabalho significativo esteve relacionado aos traços de personalidade e desempenhou papel central na rede, evidenciando sua importância na promoção do engajamento no trabalho.


Resumen Los recursos personales influyen en las relaciones de los profesionales con su trabajo e impactan en su compromiso. De esta forma, investigamos si las relaciones entre rasgos de personalidad y trabajo significativo con engagement presentaban diferencias antes y durante la pandemia. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 963 profesionales, con 828 participantes, con una edad media de 35,5 años (DE = 10,7 años) antes de la pandemia de COVID-19 y 135 profesionales, con una edad media de 42,1 años (DE = 8,1 años) durante la pandemia. Se evaluaron los rasgos de personalidad de los participantes, el trabajo significativo y el compromiso laboral. Se investigaron las diferencias en las relaciones entre los recursos personales y el compromiso mediante el análisis de redes. No se observaron diferencias significativas en las relaciones investigadas antes y durante la pandemia. El trabajo significativo se relacionó con los rasgos de personalidad y jugó un papel central en la red, evidenciando su importancia en la promoción del compromiso en el trabajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Personality Inventory , Work Engagement , Psychology, Positive , COVID-19
20.
Horiz. enferm ; 33(1): 33-48, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367814

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las condiciones laborales están dadas por los factores psicosociales del trabajo y estas influyen en la satisfacción laboral. Durante la pandemia de COVID-19 la demanda laboral aumentó y se complejizó. Esto supuso un desafío para la gestión de recursos humanos en salud, debiendo fortalecer los recursos laborales ofrecidos a los trabajadores. OBJETIVO: Conocer los factores psicosociales del trabajo (demandas y recursos) y la asociación con la satisfacción laboral de un hospital de emergencia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional transversal con una encuesta sobre las demandas y recursos laborales y la satisfacción del trabajo realizado. La población fueron las personas que se desempeñaron en un hospital de emergencia que atendía exclusivamente pacientes con diagnóstico de COVID. Se analizó con estadística descriptiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Participaron 151 personas. En la escala de 1 al 4 la satisfacción fue de 3,46. La carga de trabajo fue de 1,24 y el apoyo social de 3,43. Los factores de demanda (conflictos interpersonales (r: -0,21). inequidad (r: -0,48). conflicto de rol (r: -0,28) y carga de trabajo (r: -0,39) se correlacionan de forma negativa y estadísticamente significativa con la satisfacción laboral. Los recursos se relacionan de forma positiva con la satisfacción laboral (apoyo social (r: 0,40); retroalimentación (r: 0,39) y autonomía (r: 0,320). CONCLUSIÓN: Entre los factores de demanda, la carga de trabajo fue la mayormente percibida y el apoyo social y organizativo el recurso más valorado. La satisfacción laboral fue alta y ésta aumentó con el apoyo social, la retroalimentación y la autonomía.


INTRODUCTION: Working conditions are determined by psychosocial factors at work and these influences job satisfaction. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic working demand increased and became more complex and this supposed a challenge for the management of human resources in healthcare, having to strengthen the working resources offered to workers. OBJECTIVE: To know the psychosocial factors of work (demands and resources) and their consequences on job satisfaction in an emergency hospital. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Cross-sectional study with a self-administered survey on job demands and resources and satisfaction with job done. It was analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: 151 people participated. On a scale from 1 to 4. Satisfaction was 3.46. The workload was 1.24 and the social support was 3.43. The demand factors (interpersonal conflicts (r: -0.21). inequity (r: -0.48). role conflict (r: -0.28) and workload (r: -0.39) are negatively correlated and statistically significant with job satisfaction. Resources are positively related to job satisfaction (social support (r: 0.40). feedback (r: 0.39) and autonomy (r: 0.320). CONCLUSION: Among the demand factors workload was the most perceived and social and organizational support the most valued resource. Job satisfaction was high and these increased with social support feedback and autonomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personnel Management , Work Engagement , COVID-19/psychology , Job Satisfaction , Social Support , Workload , Emergencies , Health Resources
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