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1.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010116

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Menopausal disorders include obscure symptomatology that greatly reduce work productivity among female workers. Quantifying the impact of menopause-related symptoms on work productivity is very difficult because no such guidelines exist to date. We aimed to develop a scale of overall health status for working women in the perimenopausal period.@*METHODS@#In September, 2021, we conducted an Internet web survey which included 3,645 female workers aged 45-56 years in perimenopausal period. We asked the participants to answer 76 items relevant to menopausal symptomatology, that were created for this study and performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for the scale development. Cronbach's alpha, receiver operating characteristic analysis, and logistic regression analysis were used to verify the developed scale.@*RESULTS@#Approximately 85% participants did not have menstruation or disrupted cycles. Explanatory factor analysis using the maximum likelihood method and Promax rotation identified 21 items with a four-factor structure: psychological symptoms (8 items, α = 0.96); physiological symptoms (6 items, alpha = 0.87); sleep difficulty (4 items, alpha = 0.92); human relationship (3 items, alpha = 0.92). Confirmatory factor analyses found excellent model fit for the four-factor model (RMSR = 0.079; TLI = 0.929; CFI = 0.938). Criterion and concurrent validity were confirmed with high correlation coefficients between each of the four factors, previously validated menopausal symptom questionnaire, and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scales, respectively (all ps < 0.0001). The developed scale was able to predict absenteeism with 78% sensitivity, 58% specificity, and an AUC of 0.727 (95%CI: 0.696-0.757). Higher scores of each factor as well as total score of the scale were more likely to be associated with work absence experience due to menopause-related symptoms even after adjusting for Copenhagen Burnout Inventory subscales (all ps < 0.0001).@*CONCLUSION@#We found that the developed scale has high validity and reliability and could be a significant indicator of absenteeism for working women in perimenopausal period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Perimenopause , Reproducibility of Results , Menopause/psychology , Workplace , Surveys and Questionnaires , Psychometrics
2.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516893

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O Agente Comunitário em Saúde, em seu ambiente de trabalho, lida com vários desafios, tais como: as inúmeras tarefas, a exigência de produtividade, a falta de recursos, os conflitos interpessoais e as condições salariais inadequadas, implicando assim em sobrecarga física e mental, aspectos que podem repercutir na qualidade de vida e no aparecimento de distúrbios osteomusculares. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (QVT) e a presença dos sintomas osteomusculares dos Agente Comunitário de Saúde (ACS). MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com amostragem por conveniência, cujos participantes foram os ACS atuantes nas Unidades de Saúde da Família do Segundo Distrito Sanitário de Saúde em Maceió - Alagoas. Coletou-se os dados por meio dos seguintes instrumentos: questionário sociodemográficos; questionário de avaliação da qualidade de vida no trabalho (QWLQ-bref); e o questionário de sintomas osteomusculares (QNSO). RESULTADOS: Participaram 38 ACS, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (86,8%). Obtiveram um escore médio de QVT de 59,84, o que representa uma posição de satisfação. Já na análise por domínios, o pessoal, psicológico e físico também se encontram na faixa de satisfação, exceto o domínio profissional com escore de 53,44, classificado como neutro. Em relação aos sintomas osteomusculares, o pescoço (55,3%) e a coluna lombar (47,4%) foram as regiões mais acometidas nos últimos 12 meses. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo, sinalizam a necessidade de adoção de melhorias nas condições de trabalho, tanto no sentido de repensar as questões que repercutem na QVT quanto no manejo dos problemas musculoesqueléticos.


INTRODUCTION: The Community Health Agent, in their work environment, deals with several challenges, such as the numerous tasks, the demand for productivity, the lack of resources, interpersonal conflicts and inadequate salary conditions, thus implying physical and mental overload; aspects that can affect the quality of life and the onset of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the Quality of Life at Work (QWL) and the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms in Community Health Agents (CHA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, with convenience sampling, in which the participants were the CHA servers working in the Family Health Units of the Second Health Health District in Maceió - Alagoas. Data were collected using the following instruments: a sociodemographic questionnaire; a quality of work life assessment questionnaire (QWLQ-bref); and the musculoskeletal symptoms questionnaire (QNSO). RESULTS: Thirty-eight CHAs participated, most of them female (86.8%). It was obtained an average QWL score of 59.84, which represents a satisfactory position. In the analysis by domains, the personal, psychological and physical are also in the range of satisfaction, except for the professional domain with a score of 53.44, classified as neutral. Regarding musculoskeletal symptoms, the neck (55.3%) and lumbar spine (47.4%) were the most affected regions in the last 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate the need to adopt improvements in working conditions, both in the sense of rethinking the issues that affect QWL, as well as in the management of musculoskeletal problems.


Subject(s)
Musculoskeletal Diseases , Workplace , Community Health Workers
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250490, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448944

ABSTRACT

As dificuldades e barreiras enfrentadas no processo de inclusão de pessoas com deficiência (PcD) nas organizações incitam o desenvolvimento de pesquisas. Este estudo compreendeu a percepção de psicólogos organizacionais sobre a inclusão de PcD em empresas. Dezoito psicólogos atuantes na área de gestão de pessoas de empresas das sete regiões do estado do Rio Grande do Sul responderam a uma entrevista individual. A média de idade dos participantes foi de 33,17 anos, atuavam em empresas de diferentes segmentos, eram predominantemente do sexo feminino e possuíam pós-graduação em áreas relacionadas. Os relatos dos psicólogos alertaram para o fato de que, em suas graduações, o conteúdo sobre deficiência humana e, especificamente, inclusão no mercado de trabalho foi escasso ou inexistente. Essa lacuna na formação, de egressos de diferentes instituições de ensino superior, é relatada desde os anos de 1990. Para esses psicólogos, barreiras atitudinais e organizacionais são frequentemente enfrentadas no processo de inclusão, tais como o despreparo das empresas, gestores e colaboradores para receber as PcD, os poucos programas voltados a uma prática efetiva de inclusão e não somente ao cumprimento da legislação, além das dificuldades dos próprios profissionais em identificar os potenciais e as limitações que a PcD apresenta e de adaptá-la de maneira correta ao trabalho. O psicólogo organizacional pode contribuir para um processo adequado de inclusão por meio de práticas, tais como treinamentos e sensibilizações, que fomentem a informação e diminuam a discriminação e as dificuldades.(AU)


Difficulties and barriers to including people with disabilities (PwDs) in organizations drives research development. This study sought to understand how organizational psychologists perceived the inclusion of PwDs in organizations. Eighteen organizational psychologists who work in people management for companies in the seven regions of the state of Rio Grande do Sul participated in an individual interview. Most interviewees were female, with average age of 33.17 years, had a postgraduate degree in the field, and worked in companies from different segments. During the interviews, the psychologists called attention to the little or nonexistent content on human disability and, specifically, inclusion in the labor market covered in the graduate course. This gap has been reported by graduates from different higher education institutions since the 1990s. According to the respondents, attitudinal and organizational barriers are often faced in the inclusion process, such as the unpreparedness of companies, managers, and employees to welcome PwD, the few programs aimed at an effective inclusion and not only to comply with the law, as well as the difficulties of the professionals themselves to identify the potentials and limitations that PwD present and to adapt them correctly to the work. Organizational psychologists can contribute to an adequate inclusion process by developing training and sensibilization activities that foster information and reduce discrimination and difficulties.(AU)


Las dificultades y barreras enfrentadas en el proceso de inclusión de personas con discapacidad (PcD) en las organizaciones fortalecen el desarrollo de la investigación. Este estudio entendió la percepción de los psicólogos organizacionales acerca de la inclusión de las PcD en las empresas. Dieciocho psicólogos que trabajan en el área de gestión de personas en empresas de las siete regiones del estado de Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil) respondieron a una entrevista individual. Los participantes tenían una edad promedio de 33,17 años, trabajaban en empresas de diferentes segmentos, eran predominantemente mujeres y tenían un posgrado en el área. Los informes de los psicólogos alertaron sobre el hecho de que el contenido sobre discapacidad humana y, específicamente, su inclusión en el mercado laboral era escaso o inexistente durante su formación académica. Esta brecha en la formación de los egresados de diferentes instituciones de educación superior se reporta desde los 1990. Para estos psicólogos, a menudo ocurren barreras organizacionales y de actitud en el proceso de inclusión de las PcD, como la falta de preparación de las empresas, gerentes y empleados para recibirlas, pocos programas destinados a una práctica efectiva de la inclusión, no solo al cumplimiento de la ley, y las dificultades de los profesionales para identificar las potencialidades y limitaciones y adecuarlas correctamente al trabajo. El psicólogo organizacional puede contribuir a un proceso de inclusión adecuado, con prácticas de capacitación y sensibilización que brindan información y reducen la discriminación y dificultades.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personnel Management , Architectural Accessibility , Organizations , Disabled Persons , Social Inclusion , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Personnel Selection , Prejudice , Psychology , Psychology, Industrial , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Concept , Social Behavior , Social Environment , Social Justice , Social Responsibility , Social Security , Social Welfare , Socialization , Societies , Stereotyping , Awareness , Task Performance and Analysis , Unemployment , Vocational Guidance , Occupational Health Program , Decision Making, Organizational , Handicapped Advocacy , Adaptation, Psychological , Organizational Culture , Occupational Health , Staff Development , Civil Rights , Employment, Supported , Workplace , Efficiency, Organizational , Constitution and Bylaws , Cultural Diversity , Legislation , Personal Autonomy , Whistleblowing , Disability Evaluation , Absenteeism , Economics , Education , Ego , Employee Grievances , Employee Incentive Plans , Employment , Workforce , Health of Specific Groups , Health of the Disabled , Job Market , Occupational Health Policy , Social Stigma , Social Discrimination , Work Performance , Social Workers , Occupational Stress , Work Engagement , Respect , e-Accessibility , Public Nondiscrimination Policies , Social Integration , Right to Work , Empowerment , Teleworking , Disinformation , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Working Conditions , Health Promotion , Ergonomics , Human Rights , Job Application , Job Satisfaction , Labor Unions , Leadership , Life Change Events
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e261750, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529225

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou descrever a identidade profissional de psicólogos judiciários, partindo do cenário contemporâneo da Psicologia Jurídica brasileira, contexto que envolve crises e conflitos sobre a forma de responder a atribuições e demandas do campo legal. Pela perspectiva da sociologia das identidades profissionais de Claude Dubar, sustenta-se a hipótese de que a identidade profissional do psicólogo judiciário depende de estratégias de compatibilização entre o pertencimento à categoria e as atribuições legais e institucionais. Participaram 95 psicólogos do quadro ativo do Tribunal de Justiça de São Paulo, que responderam a um formulário online sobre a percepção de si e do campo de atuação. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Os resultados indicam a saliência da avaliação psicológica e da interdisciplinaridade na identidade profissional, e as rupturas identitárias diante de práticas verificatórias. Tais achados apontam a necessidade de participação da categoria na construção de suas atribuições; e dificuldades para o exercício das funções por limitações à autonomia profissional.(AU)


This study aimed to describe the professional identity of forensic psychologists, considering Brazil's Legal Psychology contemporary scenario which relates to a critical issues on how practitioners respond the demands of the legal system. Based on Claude Dubar's sociology of professional identities, we support the hypothesis that forensic psychologists' professional identity depends on strategies of compatibilization between belonging their reference group and the institutional attributions. There were 95 participants, all from the current staff of the Court of Justice of the state of São Paulo, who answered an online form. The data were subjected to content analysis. The results indicate a professional identity with noted salience on psychological assessment and interdisciplinarity, and the identity crises regarding verification practices. Such findings highlight the importance of practitioners taking part on the construction of their own tasks.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir la identidad profesional de los psicólogos forenses, considerando el escenario de la Psicología Jurídica brasileña, que se relaciona con una crisis sobre si estos profesionales responden a las demandas del sistema legal. Teniendo en cuenta la sociología de las identidades profesionales de Claude Dubar, sostenemos la hipótesis de que la identidad profesional de los psicólogos forenses depende de estrategias de compatibilización entre la pertenencia a su grupo profesional y a instituciones. Participaron 95 psicólogos, quienes actuaban en el Tribunal de Justicia del Estado de São Paulo, a los cuales se aplicó un formulario en línea. Los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido. Los resultados indican una identidad profesional saliente en cuanto a la evaluación psicológica y la interdisciplinariedad, pero también crisis de identidad en relación con las prácticas de verificación. Tales resultados señalan la importancia de que la categoría participe en la construcción de sus propias atribuciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Identification , Forensic Psychiatry , Professional Training , Forensic Psychology , Organization and Administration , Philosophy , Professional Practice Location , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Research , Self Concept , Social Desirability , Social Environment , Social Sciences , Social Welfare , Social Work , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Work , Decision Making, Organizational , Health Services Administration , Acting Out , Decision Support Systems, Management , Brazil , Adaptation, Psychological , Career Choice , Child Advocacy , Demography , Mental Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Staff Development , Civil Rights , Professional Autonomy , Negotiating , Workplace , Confidentiality , Cultural Diversity , Knowledge , Criminal Law , Culture , Psychosocial Impact , Democracy , Personnel Delegation , Efficiency , Eligibility Determination , Employment , Health Research Evaluation , Workforce , User Embracement , Expert Testimony , Exploratory Behavior , Sociological Factors , Social Capital , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work Engagement , Socioeconomic Rights , Freedom , Psychosocial Functioning , Sociodemographic Factors , Belonging , Clinical Relevance , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Population Groups , Working Conditions , Health Promotion , Human Development , Interpersonal Relations , Job Description , Jurisprudence , Knowledge of Results, Psychological , Leadership , Anthropology, Cultural
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e262428, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529203

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer a experiência de alguns professores ao lecionar projeto de vida durante a implementação do componente curricular Projeto de Vida no estado de São Paulo. Realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, de caráter exploratório. Participaram do estudo sete professoras que lecionavam o componente curricular Projeto de Vida em duas escolas públicas, de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo, escolhidas por conveniência. Foram utilizados o Questionário de Dados Sociodemográficos e o Protocolo de Entrevista Semiestruturada para Projeto de Vida de Professores, elaborados para este estudo. As professoras foram entrevistadas individualmente, on-line, e as entrevistas foram gravadas em áudio e vídeo. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise temática. Os resultados indicaram possibilidades e desafios em relação à implementação do componente curricular Projeto de Vida. Constatou- se que a maioria das docentes afirmou que escolheu esse componente curricular devido à necessidade de atingir a carga horária exigida na rede estadual. As professoras criticaram a proposta, os conteúdos e os materiais desse componente curricular. As críticas apresentadas pelas professoras estão em consonância com aquelas presentes na literatura em relação à reforma do Ensino Médio e ao Inova Educação. Esses resultados sugerem a necessidade de formação tanto nos cursos de licenciatura quanto em ações de formação continuada, para que os professores se sintam mais seguros e preparados para lecionar o componente curricular Projeto de Vida na Educação Básica. Propõe-se uma perspectiva de formação pautada na reflexão e na troca entre os pares para a construção de um projeto coletivo da escola para o componente Projeto de Vida.(AU)


This study aimed to know the experience of some teachers when teaching life purpose during the implementation of the curricular component "Life Purpose" (Projeto de Vida) in the state of São Paulo. A qualitative, exploratory research was carried out. Seven teachers who taught the curricular component "Life Purpose" (Projeto de Vida) in two public schools in a city in the inland state of São Paulo, chosen for convenience, participated in the study. The Sociodemographic Data Questionnaire and the Semi-structured Interview Protocol for Teachers' Life Purposes, developed for this study, were used. The teachers were interviewed individually, online, and the interviews were recorded in audio and video. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The results indicated possibilities and challenges regarding the implementation of the Life Purpose curricular component. It was found that most teachers chose this curricular component due to the need to reach the required workload in the state network. The teachers criticized the proposal, the contents and the materials of this curricular component. Teacher's critics are in line with the criticisms present in the literature regarding the reform of High School and Inova Educação. Therefore, training is essential, both in undergraduate courses and in continuing education actions, so that teachers can teach the curricular component Life Purpose in Basic Education. A training perspective based on reflection and exchange between peers is proposed for the construction of a collective school project for the Life Purpose component.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer la experiencia de algunos profesores al enseñar proyecto de vida durante la implementación del componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en el estado de São Paulo. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria. Participaron en el estudio siete profesores que impartían el componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en dos escuelas públicas en un municipio del estado de São Paulo, elegidos por conveniencia. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y el protocolo de entrevista semiestructurada para proyectos de vida de profesores, desarrollados para este estudio. Las entrevistas a los profesores fueron en línea, de manera individual, y fueron grabadas en audio y video. Los datos se sometieron a un análisis temático. Los resultados indicaron posibilidades y desafíos en relación a la implementación del componente curricular Proyecto de Vida. La mayoría de los profesores declararon elegir este componente curricular por la necesidad de alcanzar la carga horaria requerida en la red estatal. Los profesionales criticaron la propuesta, los contenidos y los materiales de este componente curricular. Las críticas presentadas están en línea con las críticas presentes en la literatura respecto a la reforma de la educación básica e Inova Educação. Por lo tanto, la formación es fundamental, tanto en los cursos de grado como en las acciones de educación permanente, para que los profesores puedan impartir el componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en la educación básica. Se propone una formación basada en la reflexión y el intercambio entre pares para la construcción de un proyecto escolar colectivo en el componente Proyecto de Vida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Work , Life , Education, Primary and Secondary , Projects , Faculty , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Orientation , Perception , Politics , Problem Solving , Professional Competence , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Aspirations, Psychological , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Concept , Self-Evaluation Programs , Social Change , Social Conditions , Social Responsibility , Social Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Technology , Thinking , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Mentors , Adaptation, Psychological , Organizational Culture , Family , Schools, Public Health , Adolescent , Employment, Supported , Workplace , Interview , Time Management , Cognition , Concept Formation , Congresses as Topic , Creativity , Disaster Vulnerability , Cultural Characteristics , Culture , Moral Obligations , Decision Making , Education , Education, Professional , Educational Measurement , Employee Incentive Plans , Methodology as a Subject , Ethics, Professional , Professional Training , Planning , Process Optimization , Pandemics , Remuneration , Hope , Mindfulness , Social Skills , Social Capital , Optimism , Teacher Training , Academic Performance , Freedom , Mentalization , Respect , Teleworking , Interprofessional Education , Social Interaction , COVID-19 , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Human Development , Interpersonal Relations , Learning , Methods
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255714, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529210

ABSTRACT

Uma das demandas centrais das pessoas em situação de rua é a dificuldade de acesso a trabalho e renda, o que tanto pode levá-las a essa circunstância como dificultar sua saída das ruas. Nessa direção, em parceria com o Movimento Nacional da População em Situação de Rua em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (MNPR/RN), Brasil, realizamos projeto de extensão com os objetivos de fortalecer as ações de geração de renda para os militantes do referido movimento e para o movimento em si e de promover a organização coletiva e política dos militantes do MNPR/RN em torno da pauta trabalho. Baseamo-nos na Economia Solidária para elaborar ações de geração de renda e fortalecimento político, e na Psicologia Social do Trabalho para informar sobre as intervenções realizadas pela equipe extensionista. Como estratégia de ação, foram realizados cinco bazares solidários em 2019, os quais envolveram militantes do MNPR/RN e extensionistas em reuniões preparatórias, arrecadação de materiais e efetivação dos bazares. Avaliou-se que os bazares foram uma ótima estratégia para a arrecadação de fundos para o movimento e a geração de renda imediata para os militantes envolvidos, mas que não garantiram a médio e longo prazo a renda dessas pessoas. Também possibilitaram o fortalecimento da autonomia, da participação ativa como trabalhadores e trabalhadoras e do aprendizado mútuo sobre princípios da Economia Solidária.(AU)


One of the main demands of people living on the streets is the difficulty in accessing work and income, which can either lead them to this circumstance or make it difficult for them to leave the streets. In this direction, in partnership with the National Movement of Homeless Population in Natal, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (Movimento Nacional População de Rua - MNPR/RN), we carried out an extension project with the objectives of strengthening the actions to generate income for the militants of the referred movement and for the movement itself and to promote the collective and political organization of the MNPR/RN militants around the work agenda. We start with the Solidarity Economy for the elaboration of actions to generate income and political strengthening, and from the Social Psychology of Work to inform about the interventions carried out by the extension team. As an action strategy, five solidarity bazaars were held in 2019, involving MNPR/RN militants and extension workers in preparatory meetings, collection of materials, and holding the bazaars. The bazaars were considered an excellent strategy for raising funds for the movement and generating immediate income for the activists involved, but that they could not guarantee the income of these people in the medium and long term. It also allowed for the strengthening of autonomy, active participation as a female or male worker, and mutual learning on the principles of Solidarity Economy.(AU)


Una de las principales demandas de las personas en situación de calle es la dificultad para acceder al trabajo y a los ingresos, lo que puede llevarlos a esta situación o dificultarles su salida de la calle. En este sentido, en colaboración con el Movimiento Nacional de Población en Situación de Calle en Natal/RN (MNPR/RN), realizamos un proyecto de extensión con los objetivos de fortalecer las acciones de generación de ingresos para los activistas del referido movimiento y para el movimiento en sí y de promover la organización colectiva y política de los activistas del MNPR/RN en torno a las normas del trabajo. Partimos de la economía solidaria para desarrollar acciones de generación de ingresos y de fortalecimiento político, y desde la Psicología Social del Trabajo para informar de las intervenciones que realiza el equipo de extensión. Como estrategia de acción, en el 2019 se realizaron cinco ferias solidarias, en las cuales participaron activistas y grupos de extensión del MNPR/RN en reuniones preparatorias, recolección de materiales y realización de las ferias. Se consideró que las ferias son una excelente estrategia para recaudar fondos para el movimiento y generar ingresos inmediatos para los activistas involucrados, pero no pueden garantizar los ingresos de estas personas a mediano y largo plazo. También permiten fortalecer la autonomía, la participación activa como trabajador y trabajadora, y el aprendizaje mutuo sobre los principios de la economía solidaria.(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychology, Social , Work , Ill-Housed Persons , Economics , Solidarity , Income , Poverty , Prejudice , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Rest , Retirement , Safety , Self Care , Self Concept , Social Change , Social Conditions , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Planning , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Work , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stereotyping , Unemployment , Violence , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Body Image , Brazil , Family , Illicit Drugs , Hygiene , Mental Health , Hunger , Workplace , Community-Institutional Relations , Privacy , Credentialing , Shelter , Capitalism , Democracy , Dehumanization , Gift Giving , Human Rights Abuses , Diet , Education , Educational Status , Health Status Disparities , Job Market , User Embracement , Products Commerce , Family Conflict , Social Stigma , Social Participation , Binge Drinking , Social Discrimination , Social Marginalization , Sociological Factors , Literacy , Social Segregation , Survivorship , Academic Failure , Self-Management , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Right to Health , Right to Work , Workhouses , Freedom of Movement , Food Insecurity , Housing Instability , Health Disparate Minority and Vulnerable Populations , Access to Healthy Foods , Home Environment , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Working Conditions , Health Policy , Holidays , Housing , Human Rights , Individuation , Interpersonal Relations , Labor Unions , Leisure Activities , Occupations
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529213

ABSTRACT

Em 2020, o mundo enfrentou uma grave emergência de saúde pública devido à pandemia de COVID-19, que impactou significativamente a mobilidade humana e a vida cotidiana de milhares de imigrantes ao redor do mundo. Este artigo fez uso de entrevistas online e por telefone com imigrantes que chegaram ao Brasil a partir de 2016, para identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas durante a pandemia. Foi realizada uma análise transversal das entrevistas com o auxílio do software Atlas.ti 9, usando a técnica sistemática de categorização iterativa. Com base em uma perspectiva sociocultural em psicologia, o artigo introduz os impactos iniciais da pandemia em diferentes esferas da vida cotidiana desses imigrantes e apresenta as estratégias mobilizadas para restaurar continuidades funcionais e relacionais em um momento no qual as rupturas provocadas pela migração e pela pandemia se sobrepõem. Entre outros, podese identificar como os entrevistados ativaram rapidamente as redes sociais locais e transnacionais virtualmente, mobilizando competências e habilidades aprendidas durante a migração.(AU)


In 2020, the world faced a serious public health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has significantly impacted human mobility and the daily lives of thousands of immigrants around the world. This article uses online and telephone interviews conducted with migrants who arrived in Brazil in 2016, to identify coping strategies employed during the pandemic. A transversal analysis of all interviews was conducted with the aid of the software Atlas.ti 9, using a systematic approach of iterative categorization. From a sociocultural perspective in psychology, the article introduces the initial impacts of the pandemic in different spheres of everyday life of these immigrants. With this everyday context, we present the strategies mobilized by immigrants to restore functional and relational continuities at a moment in which the ruptures caused by migration and the pandemic overlap. In particular, we identify how interviewees rapidly activated local and transnational social networks virtually, mobilizing skills learnt during migration.(AU)


En 2020, el mundo se enfrentó a un grave estado de emergencia en salud pública debido a la pandemia del COVID-19, que impactó significativamente la movilidad humana y la vida cotidiana de miles de inmigrantes en todo el mundo. Este artículo realizó entrevistas en línea y por teléfono con inmigrantes quienes llegaron a Brasil a partir de 2016, con el fin de identificar sus estrategias de afrontamiento adoptadas durante la pandemia. Se realizó un análisis transversal de las entrevistas con la ayuda del software Atlas.ti 9, utilizando la técnica sistemática de categorización iterativa. Desde una perspectiva sociocultural en Psicología, este artículo expone los impactos iniciales de la pandemia en diferentes ámbitos de la vida cotidiana de estos inmigrantes y presenta las estrategias movilizadas para restaurar las continuidades funcionales y relacionales en un momento en que se superponen las rupturas causadas por la migración y la pandemia. Entre otros aspectos, se puede identificar cómo los entrevistados activaron virtualmente las redes sociales locales y transnacionales movilizando habilidades y destrezas aprendidas durante la migración.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adaptation, Psychological , Cultural Characteristics , Emigration and Immigration , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Aptitude , Politics , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Refugees , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Mobility , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Unemployment , Viruses , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Brazil , Career Mobility , Economic Development , Quarantine , Communicable Disease Control , Family Characteristics , Adjustment Disorders , Hygiene , Mental Health , Disease Outbreaks , Mortality , Immunization , Population Growth , Universal Precautions , Clinical Competence , Workplace , Interview , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Disease Notification , Refugee Camps , Endemic Diseases , Credentialing , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Culture , Terrorism , Capitalism , Internationality , Disasters , Economics , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Job Market , Ethics , Products Distribution , Cultural Competency , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Economic Recession , Policy , Remuneration , Forecasting , Faith-Based Organizations , Expression of Concern , Right to seek Asylum , Respect , Psychological Distress , Transtheoretical Model , Physical Distancing , Food Insecurity , Social Vulnerability , Disaster Operations , Human Development , Human Rights , Income , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Learning , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness
8.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 24(1): 24-31, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1414089

ABSTRACT

Background: To control the spread of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), it is necessary to adequately identify and isolate infectious patients particularly at the work place. Real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay is the recommended confirmatory method for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of SARSCoV-2 infection in Burkina Faso and to use the initial cycle threshold (Ct) values of RT-PCR as a tool to monitor the dynamics of the viral load. Methodology: Between September 2021 and February 2022, oropharyngeal and/or nasopharyngeal swab samples of consecutively selected COVID-19 symptomatic and apparently healthy workers from the Wahgnion mining site in the South-western Burkina Faso who consented to the study were collected according to the two weeks shift program and tested for SARS-CoV-2 using RT-PCR assay. Patients positive for the virus were followed-up weekly until tests were negative. Association of the initial RT-PCR Ct values with disease duration was assessed by adjusted linear regression approach. Two-sided p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 1506 (92.9% males) participants were recruited into the study, with mean age and age range of 37.18.7 and 18-68 years respectively. The overall prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was 14.3% (216/1506). Of the 82 patients included in the follow-up study, the longest duration of positive RT-PCR test, from the first positive to the first of the two negative RT-PCR tests, was 33 days (mean 11.6 days, median 10 days, interquartile range 8- 14 days). The initial Ct values significantly correlated with the duration of RT-PCR positivity (with ß=-0.54, standard error=0.09 for N gene, and ß=-0.44, standard error=0.09 for ORF1ab gene, p<0.001). Participants with higher Ct values corresponding to lower viral loads had shorter viral clearance time than those of lower Ct values or higher viral loads. Conclusion: Approximately 1 out of 7 tested miners had SARS-CoV-2 infection and the duration of their RT-PCR tests positivity independently correlated with the initial viral load measured by initial Ct values. As participants with lower initial Ct values tended to have longer disease duration, initial RT-PCR Ct values could be used to guide COVID-19 patient quarantine duration particularly at the work place.


Contexte: Pour contrôler la propagation de la maladie à coronavirus 19 (COVID-19) causée par le syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère coronavirus-2 (SRAS-CoV-2), il est nécessaire d'identifier et d'isoler de manière adéquate les patients infectieux, en particulier sur le lieu de travail. Le test de réaction en chaîne par polymérase en temps réel (RT-PCR) est la méthode de confirmation recommandée pour le diagnostic de l'infection par le SRAS-CoV-2. Le but de cette étude était de déterminer la prévalence de l'infection par le SRAS-CoV-2 au Burkina Faso et d'utiliser les valeurs du seuil initial du cycle (Ct) de la RT-PCR comme outil de suivi de la dynamique de la charge virale. Méthodologie: Entre septembre 2021 et février 2022, des écouvillonnages oropharyngés et/ou nasopharyngés de travailleurs symptomatiques COVID-19 et apparemment en bonne santé sélectionnés consécutivement du site minier de Wahgnion dans le sud-ouest du Burkina Faso qui ont consenti à l'étude ont été prélevés selon les deux programme de quart de semaines et testé pour le SRAS-CoV-2 à l'aide d'un test RT-PCR. Les patients positifs pour le virus ont été suivis chaque semaine jusqu'à ce que les tests soient négatifs. L'association des valeurs Ct initiales de la RT-PCR avec la durée de la maladie a été évaluée par une approche de régression linéaire ajustée. Une valeur p bilatérale < 0,05 a été considérée comme statistiquement significative. Résultats: Un total de 1506 participants (92,9% d'hommes) ont été recrutés dans l'étude, avec un âge moyen et une tranche d'âge de 37,1 à 8,7 ans et de 18 à 68 ans, respectivement. La prévalence globale de l'infection par le SRAS-CoV-2 était de 14,3% (216/1506). Sur les 82 patients inclus dans l'étude de suivi, la plus longue durée de test RT-PCR positif, du premier test positif au premier des deux tests RT-PCR négatifs, était de 33 jours (moyenne 11,6 jours, médiane 10 jours, intervalle interquartile 8-14 jours). Les valeurs Ct initiales étaient significativement corrélées à la durée de positivité de la RT-PCR (avec ß=-0,54, erreur standard=0,09 pour le gène N et ß=-0,44, erreur standard=0,09 pour le gène ORF1ab, p<0,001). Les participants avec des valeurs de Ct plus élevées correspondant à des charges virales plus faibles avaient un temps de clairance virale plus court que ceux avec des valeurs de Ct plus basses ou des charges virales plus élevées. Conclusion: Environ 1 mineur testé sur 7 était infecté par le SRAS-CoV-2 et la durée de la positivité de ses tests RTPCR était indépendamment corrélée à la charge virale initiale mesurée par les valeurs Ct initiales. Comme les participants avec des valeurs Ct initiales inférieures avaient tendance à avoir une durée de maladie plus longue, les valeurs Ct initiales de la RT-PCR pourraient être utilisées pour guider la durée de la quarantaine des patients COVID19, en particulier sur le lieu de travail.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Workplace , Diagnosis , Fees and Charges , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Miners , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Nasopharynx
9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 183-188, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the level of psychosocial factors in workplace and their health effects among workers in a natural gas field. Methods: A prospective and open cohort of natural gas field workers was established to study the level of workplace psychosocial factors and their health effects, with a follow-up every 5 years. In October 2018, a cluster sampling method was used to conduct a baseline survey of 1737 workers in a natural gas field, including a questionnaire survey on demographic characteristics, workplace psychosocial factors and mental health outcomes, physiological indicators such as height and weight, and biochemical indicators such as blood routine, urine routine, liver function and kidney function. The baseline data of the workers were statistically described and analyzed. The psychosocial factors and mental health outcomes were divided into high and low groups according to the mean score, and the physiological and biochemical indicators were divided into normal and abnormal groups according to the reference range of normal values. Results: The age of 1737 natural gas field workers was (41.8±8.0) years old, and the length of service was (21.0±9.7) years. There were 1470 male workers (84.6%). There were 773 (44.5%) high school (technical secondary school) and 827 (47.6%) college (junior college) graduates, 1490 (85.8%) married (including remarriage after divorce), 641 (36.9%) smokers and 835 (48.1%) drinkers. Among the psychosocial factors, the detection rates of high levels of resilience, self-efficacy, colleague support and positive emotion were all higher than 50%. Among the mental health outcomes evaluation indexes, the detection rates of high levels of sleep disorder, job satisfaction and daily stress were 41.82% (716/1712), 57.25% (960/1677) and 45.87% (794/1731), respectively. The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 22.77% (383/1682). The abnormal rates of body mass index (BMI), triglyceride and low density lipoprotein were 46.74% (810/1733), 36.50% (634/1737) and 27.98% (486/1737), respectively. The abnormal rates of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, uric acid, total cholesterol and blood glucose were 21.64% (375/1733), 21.41% (371/1733), 20.67% (359/1737), 20.55% (357/1737) and 19.17% (333/1737), respectively. The prevalence rates of hypertension and diabetes were 11.23% (195/1737) and 3.45% (60/1737), respectively. Conclusion: The detection rates of high level psychosocial factors in natural gas field workers are high, and their effects on physical and mental health remain to be verified. The establishment of a cohort study of the levels and health effects of psychosocial factors provides an important resource for confirming the causal relationship between workplace psychosocial factors and health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Natural Gas , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Oil and Gas Fields , Workplace/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 123-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970723

ABSTRACT

Objective: In order to understand the dust concentration in the workplace of dust exposure enterprises in Shenxian. To evaluate the degree of occupational hazard factors of dust exposure enterprises. And provide basis for the formulation of occupational protection standards and management system of dust exposure enterprises. Methods: In February 2022, the dust concentration monitoring data of 89 dust exposure enterprises from 2017 to 2020 by the Shenxian Center for Disease Control and Prevention were collected, and the qualified rates of dust concentration detection of dust exposure enterprises in different years, dust types and enterprise sizes were analyzed. Results: A total of 89 dust enterprises were monitored from 2017 to 2020, 2132 dust samples were collected, and 1818 qualified samples were taken, with a total qualified rate of 85.3%. From 2017 to 2020, the dust detection qualified rates showed a year-by-year increase trend, 78.7% (447/568), 84.1% (471/560), 88.6% (418/472) and 90.6% (482/532), respectively, with statistically significant differences (χ(2)=36.27, P=0.003). The differences in the qualified rates of dust detection samples of silicon dust (66.1%, 41/62), grain dust (86.7%, 1549/1786), cotton dust (84.1%, 106/126) and wood dust (77.2%, 122/158) were statistically significant (χ(2)=29.66, P=0.002). The qualified rate of dust samples in large and medium-sized enterprises (95.1%, 1194/1256) was higher than that of small-sized enterprises (71.2%, 624/876), and the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=1584.40, P=0.001) . Conclusion: The qualified rate of dust concentration monitoring results of dust exposure enterprises in Shenxian showed an increase trend year by year, while the pualified rate of dust concentration monitoring in small-sized enterprises was low, and the occupational hazard of silica dust was still severe.


Subject(s)
Dust , Silicon , Wood , Workplace
11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 457-460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986050

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of misoprostol in workplace air. Methods: From February to August 2021, the misoprostol in the workplace air was collected by glass fiber filter membrane, and theeluent was separated by C18 liquid chromatography column, determined by UV detector, and quantified by external standard method. Results: The quantitative lower limit of misoprostol determination method was 0.05 μg/ml, and the lowest quantitative concentration was 1.4 μg/m(3) (calculated by collecting 75 L air sample). The concentration of misoprostol has a good linear relationship between 0.05 to 10.00 μg/ml. The relative coefficient was 0.9998. The regression equation of the standard working curve was y=495759x-45257. The range of average recovery rates were from 95.5% to 102.8%. The intra-assay precision of the method was 1.2%-4.6%, and the inter-assay precision was 2.0%-5.9%. The samples could be stored stably for 7 days at 4 ℃. Conclusion: The high performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of misoprostol has high sensitivity, good specificity and simple procedure of sample pretreatment. It is suitable for the detection of misoprostol in the workplace air.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Misoprostol/analysis , Air Pollutants, Occupational/analysis , Workplace , Chromatography, Liquid
12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 338-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986009

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases among mining and manufacturing industries in China in 2019, provide the scientific basis for the formulation and revision of policies and standards of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases. Methods: In May 2022, Collecting data of a project named Surveillance of Occupational Hazards in the Workplace in 2019 through the National Surveillance System for Occupational Hazards in the workplace. Compare the status of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases in 63 563 enterprises of mining and manufacturing industries among different dimensions. Results: The training rate of managers was 76.17% and that of occupational health managers was 76.97%. The rate of reporting of occupational diseases hazardous items was 67.58%, the rate of launching of the detection of occupational hazards was 57.16%, and the rate of launching of occupational health examination was 62.42%. Excluding the distribution rate of dust mask, the installation rate of various occupational prevention facilities and the distribution rate of gas mask and hearing protector were less than 80%. The differences in all the indicators among different areas, enterprise scales, economic types were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: There are still some enterprises which are relatively weak in the ability of the prevention and treatment of occupational diseases in China. Measures such as special support, guidance and strengthen supervision should be taken towards those enterprises toimprove the awareness of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases and the level of that.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Manufacturing Industry , Workplace , China/epidemiology , Occupational Health
13.
Philippine Journal of Nursing ; : 57-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984330

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM@#A healthy work environment is one in which workers and managers cooperate in the process of continuous improvement regarding the protection, and promotion of workers' health and well-being, for the sake of work sustainability. The current state of the art shows that an unfavourable work environment contributes to nurses' dissatisfaction, burnout and emotional exhaustion, and the intention to leave the workplace/service. This study aimed to identify the Nurses' Work Environment in a small Portuguese Hospital, diagnose the situation, and focus on a healthy work environment.@*METHODS AND MATERIALS@#This is a quantitative, descriptive, and cross-sectional study, with a convenience sample of 90 nurses. The “Escala de Ambiente de Trabalho da Prática de Enfermagem” (Nursing Practice Work Environment Scale), validated and adapted by Ferreira & Amendoeira (2014) for the Portuguese population, was applied. The statistical treatment was performed using SPSS 27.@*RESULTS@#The sample is mostly composed of female nurses (87%) with an average age of 26 years, and 75.5% are single. The dimension "Management and Leadership of the Head Nurse" had a mean value of x̅ =3.3 (out of 4) and σ=0.5, which was the dimension with the best assessment. The dimension with less encouraging results was "Nurses' Participation in Hospital Affairs" with x̅ =2.8 (out of 4) and σ=0.7. Overall, all domains assessed had a mean value above 2.5, which was considered a favourable work environment by the nurses.@*CONCLUSION@# The results, although generally satisfactory, show the need to carefully intervene and assess each dimension in an integrated perspective, to promote a healthy work environment and workers' well-being, since its imbalance may negatively affect quality of their work, impacting the quality of health care provided to the user . In addition, these results should be understood as an important factor to be considered in the design of future care teams. Regardind future research, it would be important to consider large samples and deepen the topic explored among different departments in the health care facilities.


Subject(s)
Nurses , Workplace , Health Promotion
14.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 40: e0257, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1529862

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo principal é analisar a associação entre o casamento e a coabitação e o rendimento do trabalho masculino no Brasil. O artigo discute o fenômeno do "prêmio salarial masculino do casamento" - geralmente, homens casados apresentam rendimentos mais elevados do que os solteiros no mercado de trabalho. Tendo em vista que no Brasil a união informal é uma modalidade conjugal bastante comum, o prêmio para a coabitação também é investigado nessa situação. A associação entre o estado conjugal e o trabalho remunerado dos homens brasileiros é analisada por meio de regressões lineares, quantílicas e decomposições de Oaxaca-Blinder para os diferenciais de rendimentos entre os homens solteiros, casados e coabitantes. O Censo Demográfico de 2010 é a fonte de dados utilizada. Os resultados confirmam a existência de prêmios do casamento e da coabitação para os homens brasileiros. Os prêmios observados tendem a ser menores para a coabitação do que para o casamento. As decomposições dos diferenciais de rendimentos mostram que os prêmios devem-se à estrutura salarial e não a efeitos de composição.


Abstract The article aims to explore the correlation between marriage, cohabitation, and male labor income. It delves into the concept of the "male marriage wage premium" - a phenomenon where married men earn higher wages compared to single men in the labor market. Since consensual unions are prevalent in Brazil, the study also examines the cohabitation premium. The research employs linear regressions, quantile regression, and Blinder-Oaxaca decompositions of earnings differentials between single, married, and cohabiting men to analyze the association between marital status and paid work among Brazilian men. The data utilized were from the 2010 Demographic Census. The results of the study validate the existence of marriage and cohabitation premia for Brazilian men. However, the observed premium tend to be lower for cohabitation than for marriage. The decompositions reveal that these differentials are due to wage structure and not composition effects.


Resumen El objetivo principal es analizar la asociación entre el matrimonio y la cohabitación y las diferencias salariales masculinas en Brasil. El artículo analiza el fenómeno del premio salarial del matrimonio masculino: en general, los hombres casados tienen ingresos más altos que los hombres solteros en el mercado laboral, aunque ya que en Brasil la cohabitación es una modalidad marital muy común, también se investiga el premio de la cohabitación. La asociación entre el estado civil y el trabajo remunerado entre los hombres brasileños se analiza utilizando regresiones lineales, regresión cuantil y descomposiciones Oaxaca-Blinder para los diferenciales salariales entre hombres solteros, casados y en cohabitación. La fuente de datos fue el censo demográfico de 2010. Los resultados confirman la existencia de premios para el matrimonio y la cohabitación, que tienden a ser menores para la cohabitación que para el matrimonio. La descomposición de los diferenciales de ingresos mostró que los premios se deben a la estructura salarial y no a efectos de composición.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Single Person , Awards and Prizes , Work , Marriage , Censuses , Brazil , Workplace , Age Distribution , Conjugal Status , Job Market , Gender Role , Working Conditions
15.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 36: 14, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1507177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background While there are reviews of the literature on mental health stigma reduction programs, very few have focused on the workplace. Objective: We sought to identify, describe and compare the main characteristics of the interventions to reduce the stigma towards mental health at work. Method The search of original articles (2007 to 2022) was carried out in the Web of Science Core Collection and Scopus databases, selecting 25 articles from the key terms: 1. Stigma, 2. Workplace, 3. Anti-stigma intervention/program, 4. Mental health. Results: These interventions can be effective in changing the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of workers towards people with mental health problems, although further verification of these results is needed as they are limited to date. Discussion and conclusion Interventions to reduce stigma in the workplace could create more supportive work environments by reducing negative attitudes and discrimination and improving awareness of mental disorders.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Workplace/psychology , Social Stigma , Psychosocial Intervention/methods
16.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 48: eedfl1, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449857

ABSTRACT

A violência e o assédio no trabalho apresentam elevada prevalência e têm efeitos profundos e custosos, que envolvem desde danos à saúde física e mental até desligamento do trabalho e perdas econômicas para trabalhadores, empregadores e sociedades1,2. A Convenção 190 da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT) é o primeiro tratado internacional a reconhecer o direito a um mundo do trabalho livre de violência e assédio e foi adotada, em junho de 2019, pela Conferência Geral da OIT, juntamente à Recomendação nº 206. Em seu primeiro artigo, a expressão "violência e assédio" no mundo do trabalho é definida como "uma série de comportamentos e práticas inaceitáveis, ou ameaças desses, seja uma única ocorrência ou repetida, que visam, resultam ou podem resultar em danos físicos, psicológicos, sexuais ou econômicos, e inclui violência e assédio de gênero".


Workplace violence and harassment are highly prevalent and have profound and costly effects, ranging from physical and mental health damages to job disengagement and economic losses for workers, employers, and societies1,2. The International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 190 is the first international treaty to recognize the right to a world of work free from violence and harassment. It was adopted in June 2019 by the ILO General Conference, alongside Recommendation No. 206. In its first article, "violence and harassment" in the world of work is defined as "a range of unacceptable behaviours and practices, or threats thereof, whether a single occurrence or repeated, that aim at, result in, or are likely to result in physical, psychological, sexual or economic harm, and includes gender-based violence and harassment." Furthermore, "gender-based violence and harassment" refers to "violence and harassment directed at persons because of their sex or gender, or affecting persons of a particular sex or gender disproportionately, and includes sexual harassment".


Subject(s)
Sexual Harassment , Workplace Violence , Workplace
17.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e249818, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422405

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de estudo quantitativo correlacional com objetivo de testar um modelo em que Bem-Estar no Trabalho (BET) é explicado pelas Condições Favoráveis e Desfavoráveis para a Criatividade no Ambiente de Trabalho de psicólogos que trabalham nos Centros de Referência Especializado de Assistência Social de Minas Gerais. Após a aprovação do Comitê de Ética, contatos dos centros foram localizados via arquivo público digital. O convite foi enviado por e-mail com o link de acesso ao Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido; Questionário com Dados Demográficos e Funcionais; Escala de Bem-estar no Trabalho; e Indicadores de Condições para Criar no Ambiente de Trabalho. A medida de BET contempla Afeto Positivo, Afeto Negativo e Realização Pessoal e Profissional; enquanto há seis Condições Favoráveis e três Desfavoráveis à Criatividade no Trabalho. As escalas multidimensionais apresentam evidências de validade e resposta Likert de cinco pontos. Os dados foram analisados a partir de estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais, regressão múltipla padrão para teste do modelo e Alfa de Cronbach para verificação da fidedignidade das escalas. A amostra de conveniência contou com 145 psicólogos, majoritariamente mulheres (n=125), com pós-graduação lato senso (n=102) e vínculo estatutário (n=74). As maiores médias encontradas foram Realização Pessoal e Profissional (M=3.47; DP=0.65), Atividades Desafiantes (M=3.50; DP=0.68), e Excesso de Serviços e Escassez de Tempo (M=3.51; DP=0.85). Os resultados apontam que as Condições para a Criatividade no Trabalho contribuem significativamente para as três dimensões de BET, demonstrando a importância de promover um contexto propício à criatividade e ao bem-estar dos trabalhadores.(AU)


This is a quantitative correlational study aiming to test a model in which Well-Being at Work (WBW) is explained by the Favorable and Unfavorable Conditions for Creativity in the Work Environment of psychologists who work in the Specialized Reference Centers for Social Assistance in Minas Gerais (CREAS-MG). After approval by the Ethics Committee, contacts of the centers were located via public digital file. The invitation was sent by e-mail with the link to access the Informed Consent Form; Questionnaire with Demographic and Functional Data; Workplace Well-Being Scale; and Indicators of Conditions for Creating in the Workplace. The WBW measures Positive Affection, Negative Affection, and Personal and Professional Fulfillment; alongside six Favorable Conditions and three Unfavorable Conditions for Creativity at Work. Multidimensional scales provide evidence of validity and a five-point Likert response. Data were analyzed based on descriptive and inferential statistics, standard multiple regression to test the model and Cronbach's Alpha to verify the reliability of the scales. The convenience sample consisted of 145 psychologists, mostly women (n=125), with lato sensu post-graduation (n=102), and statutory employment (n=74). The highest means are Personal and Professional Fullfilment (M=3.47; SD=0.65), Challenging Activities (M=3.50; SD=0.68), and Excessive Services and Shortage of Time (M=3.51; SD=0.85). The results indicate that the Conditions for Creativity at Work significantly contribute to the three dimensions of WBW and demonstrate the importance of promoting a context conducive to creativity and well-being of workers.(AU)


Este estudio cuantitativo correlacional tuvo el objetivo de probar un modelo en el que el bienestar en el trabajo (BET) se explica por las condiciones favorables y desfavorables para la creatividad en el ambiente laboral de los psicólogos que laboran en los Centros de Referencia Especializados en Asistencia Social en Minas Gerais. Tras la aprobación del Comité de Ética, se buscaron los contactos de estos centros en un archivo digital público. La invitación enviada por correo electrónico contenía el enlace para acceder al Formulario de Consentimiento Informado, al Cuestionario con Datos Demográficos y Funcionales, a la Escala de Bienestar Laboral y a los Indicadores de Condiciones para la Creación en el Lugar de Trabajo. La medida BET incluye afecto positivo, afecto negativo y realización personal y profesional; mientras que la otra medida cubre seis condiciones favorables y tres condiciones desfavorables para la creatividad en el trabajo. Las escalas multidimensionales proporcionan evidencia de validez y una respuesta Likert de cinco puntos. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó estadística descriptiva e inferencial, regresión múltiple estándar para probar el modelo y Alfa de Cronbach para verificar la confiabilidad de las escalas. La muestra de conveniencia consistió en 145 trabajadores, en su mayoría mujeres (n=125), con posgrado lato sensu (n=102) y empleo estatutario (n=74). Los promedios más altos son el logro personal y profesional (M=3,47; DE=0,65), las actividades desafiantes (M=3,50; DE=0,68), el exceso de servicios y la escasez de tiempo (M=3,51; DE=0,85). Los resultados indican que las condiciones para la creatividad en el trabajo contribuyen significativamente a las tres dimensiones de BET y demuestran la importancia de promover un contexto propicio para la creatividad y el bienestar de los trabajadores.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Public Policy , Social Support , Work , Creativity , Psychological Well-Being , Personal Satisfaction , Personnel Turnover , Social Behavior , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Stress, Physiological , Burnout, Professional , Organizational Culture , Occupational Health , Psychological Techniques , Workplace , Communication , Pliability , Absenteeism , Efficiency , Emotions , Psychology, Positive , Happiness , Health Policy , Human Rights , Life Change Events
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 759-784, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411127

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é analisar as condições de trabalho e os seus impactos na saúde dos trabalhadores no mercado de microtarefas de treinamento de dados para a produção de Inteligência Artificial (IA), em especial no que diz respeito a suas relações com a ideologia gerencialista. Os dados são provenientes de uma netnografia realizada entre os anos de 2020 e 2021, de análises dos websites das plataformas e de entrevistas realizadas com 15 trabalhadores. A partir da análise de quatro instâncias mediadoras (econômica, política, ideológica e psicológica), argumentamos que a ideologia gerencialista, consubstanciada a ideologia californiana, se caracteriza como um operador central na gestão do trabalho, que tem por finalidade garantir a adesão dos trabalhadores às plataformas e ocultar os conflitos do trabalho, direcionando-os para o nível individual e produzindo um cenário de individualização do sofrimento.


The objective of this study is to analyze working conditions and their impacts on worker's health in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) data annotation microtask market, especially to highlight their relationship with managerial ideology. The data comes from a netnography carried out between the years 2020 and 2021, from analysis on the platform's websites, and from interviews with 15 workers. Drawing from the analysis of four different mediation systems (economic, political, ideological, and psychological), we argue that the managerial ideology, overlaid with the Californian ideology, is characterized as a central element in the management of labor, which aims to guarantee the adherence of workers to platforms and hide the labor conflicts, directing them to the individual level and producing a scenario of individualization of suffering.


El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar las condiciones de trabajo y sus impactos en la salud de los tra-bajadores en el mercado de microtareas de anotación de datos para la producción de Inteligencia Artificial (IA), en particular en lo que concierne a su relación con la ideología managerial. Los datos provienen de una netnografía realizada entre los años 2020 y 2021, de análisis en los sitios web de las plataformas y de entrevistas con 15 trabajadores. A partir del análisis de cuatro instancias mediadoras (económica, política, ideológica y psicológica), argumentamos que la ideología gerencial, superpuesta en la ideología californi-ana, se caracteriza como un elemento central en la gestión del trabajo, que pretende garantizar la adhesión de los trabajadores a las plataformas y ocultar los conflictos del trabajo, dirigiéndolos al plano individual y produciendo un escenario de individualización del sufrimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Task Performance and Analysis , Artificial Intelligence , Health , Workplace , Conflict, Psychological , Occupational Stress
20.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 926-945, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411161

ABSTRACT

O estudo proposto neste artigo buscou evidenciar como as informações geradas em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) auxiliam os gestores nas suas decisões envolvendo as ações de controle da covid-19. A pesquisa ficou caracterizada como um estudo misto, pois apresentou dados quantitativos e qualitativos e adotou como método o estudo de caso, abrangendo as UBS do município de Fazenda Rio Grande, no estado do Paraná. Como recurso tecnológico foi utilizada a plataforma Google Forms®, para elaborar o questionário em formato eletrônico que foi posteriormente enviado por e-mail. Para análise estatística foram aplicados os softwares Excel® e SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences); ao passo que na análise qualitativa foi utilizado o software Atlas.ti®, que propiciou a elaboração dos mapas de rede e a verificação das percepções dos respondentes. Esses procedimentos possibilitaram aos pesquisadores estabelecer parâmetros distintos que resultaram na conclusão do trabalho, ao identificarem que, mesmo havendo uma descentralização, ao estabelecerem vários pontos de atendimento à população identificados como UBS, as unidades atuaram de modo colaborativo, durante a pandemia. As unidades assumiram um papel relevante no contexto social ao mitigarem as diferenças sociais, estabelecendo um elo entre a sociedade e os órgãos de saúde pública.


The study proposed in this article sought to highlight how the information generated in a Basic Health Unit (BHU) assist managers in their decisions involving control actions of the covid-19. The research was characterized as a mixed study, presenting quantitative and qualitative data, adopting as method the case study, covering the BHU of Fazenda Rio Grande municipality, in the state of Paraná. As a technological resource, the Google Forms® platform was used to prepare the questionnaire in electronic format later sent via e-mail. For statistical analysis, Excel® and SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software were applied, while for qualitative analysis, Atlas.ti® software was used, enabling the preparation of network maps and verification of respondents' perceptions. These procedures enabled the researchers to establish different parameters that resulted in the conclusion of the work, identifying that even though there was a decentralization by establishing several points of care to the population identified as BHU, it was clear that they acted in a collaborative way during the pandemic, assuming a relevant role in the social context by mitigating social differences establishing a link between society and public health agencies.


El estudio propuesto en este artículo buscó destacar cómo la información generada en una Unidad Básica de Salud (UBS) ayuda a los gestores en sus decisiones que implican acciones de control del covid-19. La in-vestigación se caracterizó como un estudio mixto al presentar datos cuantitativos y cualitativos, adoptando como método el estudio de caso, abarcando las UBS del municipio de Fazenda Rio Grande, en el estado de Paraná. Como recurso tecnológico, se utilizó la plataforma Google Forms® para la elaboración del cuestion-ario en formato electrónico y su posterior envío por correo electrónico. Para el análisis estadístico se aplic-aron los softwares Excel® y SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), mientras que en el análisis cualitativo se utilizó el software Atlas.ti®, que permitió elaborar mapas de redes y verificar las percepciones de los encuestados. Estos procedimientos permitieron a los investigadores establecer diferentes parámetros que dieron lugar a la conclusión del trabajo, identificando que incluso con una descentralización mediante el establecimiento de varios puntos de atención a la población identificada como UBS, quedó claro que actuaron de forma colaborativa durante la pandemia, asumiendo un papel relevante en el contexto social al mitigar las diferencias sociales, estableciendo un vínculo entre la sociedad y los organismos de salud pública.


Subject(s)
Male , Health Statistics , Health Management , COVID-19 , Public Health , Workplace , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Health Communication , Pandemics
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