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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 35109, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553447

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos são tradicionalmente utilizados na cicatrização de diversos tipos de feridas. Muitas plantas contêm compostos bioativos com propriedades anti-inflamatórias, antimicrobianas e cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Reunir evidências clínicas do uso de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Os estudos foram coletados das bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed e LILACS, utilizando como estratégia de busca os termos ((WoundHealing) ou (Inflammation)) e ((MedicinalPlants) ou (Phytotherapy)) com recorte temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: 15 estudos foram incluídos na revisão. A maioria dos estudos foram do tipo ensaio clínico controlado randomizado. Foi investigada a eficácia de 15 espécies medicinais para o tratamento de feridas agudas e crônicas, sendo as mais recorrentes queimaduras de segundo grau, úlceras crônicas e feridas cirúrgicas. As espécies medicinais que apresentaram melhores resultados foram babosa (Aloevera), centela (Centellaasiatica),beldroega (Portulacaoleraceae), Arnebia euchroma, hipérico (Hypericum perforatum) emil-folhas (Achilleamillefolium), melhorando critérios como eritema, edema, tempodere-epitelização, tempo de cicatrização e a aparência geral da ferida. Conclusões: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos apresentam eficácia no processo de cicatrização, sendo, portanto, alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento de feridas cutâneas (AU).


Introduction: Medicinal plants and herbal medicines are traditionally used to heal various types of wounds. Many plants contain bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and wound-healing properties. Objective: Gathering clinical evidence on the use of medicinal plants and herbal medicine in the healing of skin wounds. Methodology:Thisisan integrative review of the literature. The studies were collected from the MEDLINE/PubMed and LILACS data bases, using the terms ((WoundHealing) or (Inflammation)) and ((MedicinalPlants) or (Phytotherapy)) as a search strategy, from 2011 to 2021. Results: Fifteen studies were included in the review. Most of them were of the randomized controlled clinical trial type. The effectiveness of 15 medicinal species was investigated for the treatment of acute and chronic wounds, the most common of which were second-degree burns, chronic ulcers,and surgical wounds. The species with the best results were Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum, and Achillea millefolium, improving criteria such as erythema, edema, re-epithelialization time, healing time, and the general appearance of the wound. Conclusions: Medicinalplants and herbal medicine are effective in the healing process, therefore being a therapeutic alternative for treating skin wounds (AU).


Introducción: Las plantas medicinales y las medicinas a base de hierbas se utilizan tradicionalmente para curar diversos tipos de heridas. Muchas plantas contienen compuestos bioactivos con propiedades antiinflamatorias, antimicrobianas y cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Recopilar evidencia clínica sobre el uso de plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas en la curación de heridas cutáneas. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura. Los estudios fueron obtenidos de las bases de datos MEDLINE/PubMed y LILACS, utilizando como estrategia de búsqueda los términos ((WoundHealing) o (Inflammation)) y ((MedicinalPlants) o (Phytotherapy)) con un marco temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 estudios en la revisión. La mayoría de los estudios fueron del tipo ensayo clínico controlado aleatorio. Se investigó la eficacia de 15 especies medicinales para el tratamiento de heridas agudas y crónicas, las más comunes fueron quemaduras de segundo grado, úlceras crónicas y heridas quirúrgicas. Las especies medicinales con mejoresr esultados fueron Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum y Achillea millefolium, mejorando criterios como eritema, edema, tiempo de reepitelización, tiempo de cicatrización y aspecto general de la herida. Conclusiones: Plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas son efectivas en el proceso de cicatrización, siendo portanto un aalternativa terapéutica para el tratamiento de heridas en la piel (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Wound Healing , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Wounds and Injuries , Evidence-Based Practice , Phytotherapy
2.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 60-71, 20240000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551435

ABSTRACT

Se revisan los nuevos conocimientos sobre la matriz extracelular (MEC), que han permitido descubrir su importante rol en la cicatrización de las heridas cutáneas. Se describen sus características morfofisiológicas y cómo interviene en la curación de las heridas cutáneas. Se presentan cuatro casos clínicos en los que se aplicó este enfoque terapéutico: los sustitutos de piel y la "cura húmeda"


We review the new knowledge about the extracellular ma-trix (ECM) that has allowed us to discover its important role in the healing of cutaneous wounds. The morpho-physiological characteristics of ECM and its role in the healing of cutaneous wounds are described. Four clinical cases are presented where this therapeutic approach was applied: the skin substitutes and the "moist wound healing".


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wound Healing , Burns/therapy , Skin, Artificial , Regenerative Medicine , Extracellular Matrix
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 127-136, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528822

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic wound healing potential and molecular mechanisms of shikonin as small molecules in vitro. A mouse burn model was used to explore the potential therapeutic effect of shikonin; we traced proliferating cells in vivo to locate the active area of skin cell proliferation. Through the results of conventional pathological staining, we found that shikonin has a good effect on the treatment of burned skin and promoted the normal distribution of skin keratin at the damaged site. At the same time, shikonin also promoted the proliferation of skin cells at the damaged site; importantly, we found a significant increase in the number of fibroblasts at the damaged site treated with shikonin. Most importantly, shikonin promotes fibroblasts to repair skin wounds by regulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study shows that shikonin can effectively promote the proliferation of skin cell, and local injection of fibroblasts in burned skin can play a certain therapeutic role.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar el potencial terapéutico de cicatrización de heridas y los mecanismos moleculares de la shikonina como moléculas pequeñas in vitro. Se utilizó un modelo de quemaduras en ratones para explorar el posible efecto terapéutico de la shikonina; Rastreamos las células en proliferación in vivo para localizar el área activa de proliferación de células de la piel. A través de los resultados de la tinción para patología convencional, encontramos que la shikonina tiene un buen efecto en el tratamiento de la piel quemada y promueve la distribución normal de la queratina de la piel en el sitio dañado. Al mismo tiempo, la shikonina también promovió la proliferación de células de la piel en el sitio dañado. Es importante destacar que encontramos un aumento significativo en la cantidad de fibroblastos en el sitio dañado tratado con shikonina. Lo más importante es que la shikonina promueve la función reparadora de fibroblastos en las heridas de la piel regulando la vía de señalización PI3K/ AKT. Este estudio muestra que la shikonina puede promover eficazmente la proliferación de células de la piel y que la inyección local de fibroblastos en la piel quemada puede desempeñar un cierto papel terapéutico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns/drug therapy , Naphthoquinones/administration & dosage , Skin , In Vitro Techniques , Naphthoquinones/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552155

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una propiedad característica del tegumento humano es la viscoelasticidad. La piel y el tejido celular subcutáneo traccionados por una fuerza constante pueden llegar a cubrir áreas expuestas en lapsos relativamente breves. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar una serie de casos con defectos de cobertura de la pierna. Se realizó la síntesis tegumentaria con técnica de dermotracción mediante "bandas de tracción", con la finalidad de poder precisar qué lesiones pueden beneficiarse de este método. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, longitudinal realizado entre 2012 y 2019. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: 1) heridas con déficit de cobertura tegumentaria en la pierna, de etiología traumática diversa (dehiscencia de abordajes quirúrgicos, fasciotomías por síndrome compartimental, fracturas expuestas y heridas abiertas con déficit de partes blandas). Resultados: Se analizó a 36 pacientes (edad promedio 28 años) que tenían lesiones con pérdida de cobertura localizadas en distintas regiones de la pierna. En 27 pacientes (75%), se logró el cierre sin necesidad de procedimientos complementarios. En el 8,3%, se logró la reducción del área expuesta y fue necesario un procedimiento complementario (injerto de piel). Seis pacientes requirieron técnicas reconstructivas de partes blandas miocutáneas y fasciocutáneas. Conclusiones: Esta técnica es efectiva, simple y económica para lograr el cierre diferido de las heridas complejas o fasciotomías. La dermotracción permite el cierre diferido en pocos días luego del trauma. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Viscoelasticity is a distinctive characteristic of the human skin. A constant force pulling on the skin and subcutaneous tissue allows it to cover exposed areas in relatively short periods of time. The objective of this study is to analyze a series of cases with soft tissue leg defects where integumentary closure was accomplished with a skin stretching technique using 'traction bands' in order to determine which injuries can benefit from this treatment. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive, longitudinal study carried out in the period between 2012 and 2019. The inclusion criteria for this study were: 1) wounds with a soft-tissue coverage deficit in the leg of diverse traumatic etiology (surgical wound dehiscence, fasciotomies due to compart-ment syndrome, open fractures, and open wounds with soft tissue deficit). Results: 36 patients (mean age: 28 years) with injuries with loss of coverage in different regions of the leg were analyzed. Closure was achieved in 27 patients (75%), without the need for additional procedures. In three patients (8.3%), the exposed area was reduced, requiring skin grafting as a complementary procedure. Six patients required myocutaneous and fasciocutaneous soft tissue reconstructive procedures. Conclusions: This technique is effective, simple, and economical for closing complex wounds and/or fasciotomies. Dermatotraction allows closure a few days after the trauma. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Wound Healing , Soft Tissue Injuries , Leg Injuries
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 77-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the management of granulation tissue during surgery for infected congenital preauricular fistula and to assess the surgical outcomes. Methods:To summarize the surgical methods and the treatment of granulation methods in 140 cases of congenital preauricular fistula during the period of infection treated in our department from January 2018 to September 2022. The study divided patients into an observation group (79 patients) undergoing fistulectomy without granulation treatment, and a control group (61 patients) where fistulectomy and granulation resection were performed concurrently.. After six months of follow-up, the wound healing, recurrence rates, and the aesthetic assessment of granulation healing were evaluated using the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale(SBSES). Results:The two surgical approaches were applied to a total of 140 patients with infected congenital preauricular fistula. There was no statistical difference in wound healing and recurrence rates between the observation group and the control group. However, the observation group exhibited smaller scars. Conclusion:In cases of infected congenital preauricular fistula, surgical removal without excising granulation tissue is feasible, leading to effective healing and lesser scar formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix , Wound Healing , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 91-98, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of chitosan (CS) hydrogel loaded with tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs; hereinafter referred to as TDSCs/CS hydrogel) on tendon-to-bone healing after rotator cuff repair in rabbits.@*METHODS@#TDSCs were isolated from the rotator cuff tissue of 3 adult New Zealand white rabbits by Henderson step-by-step enzymatic digestion method and identified by multidirectional differentiation and flow cytometry. The 3rd generation TDSCs were encapsulated in CS to construct TDSCs/CS hydrogel. The cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the proliferation of TDSCs in the hydrogel after 1-5 days of culture in vitro, and cell compatibility of TDSCs/CS hydrogel was evaluated by using TDSCs alone as control. Another 36 adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n=12): rotator cuff repair group (control group), rotator cuff repair+CS hydrogel injection group (CS group), and rotator cuff repair+TDSCs/CS hydrogel injection group (TDSCs/CS group). After establishing the rotator cuff repair models, the corresponding hydrogel was injected into the tendon-to-bone interface in the CS group and TDSCs/CS group, and no other treatment was performed in the control group. The general condition of the animals was observed after operation. At 4 and 8 weeks, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the relative expressions of tendon forming related genes (tenomodulin, scleraxis), chondrogenesis related genes (aggrecan, sex determining region Y-related high mobility group-box gene 9), and osteogenesis related genes (alkaline phosphatase, Runt-related transcription factor 2) at the tendon-to-bone interface. At 8 weeks, HE and Masson staining were used to observe the histological changes, and the biomechanical test was used to evaluate the ultimate load and the failure site of the repaired rotator cuff to evaluate the tendon-to-bone healing and biomechanical properties.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that the CS hydrogel could promote the proliferation of TDSCs ( P<0.05). qPCR results showed that the expressions of tendon-to-bone interface related genes were significantly higher in the TDSCs/CS group than in the CS group and control group at 4 and 8 weeks after operation ( P<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of tendon-to-bone interface related genes at 8 weeks after operation were significantly higher than those at 4 weeks after operation in the TDSCs/CS group ( P<0.05). Histological staining showed the clear cartilage tissue and dense and orderly collagen formation at the tendon-to-bone interface in the TDSCs/CS group. The results of semi-quantitative analysis showed that compared with the control group, the number of cells, the proportion of collagen fiber orientation, and the histological score in the TDSCs/CS group increased, the vascularity decreased, showing significant differences ( P<0.05); compared with the CS group, the proportion of collagen fiber orientation and the histological score in the TDSCs/CS group significantly increased ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the number of cells and vascularity ( P>0.05). All samples in biomechanical testing failed at the repair site during the testing process. The ultimate load of the TDSCs/CS group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference compared to the CS group ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TDSCs/CS hydrogel can induce cartilage regeneration to promote rotator cuff tendon-to-bone healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Chitosan , Hydrogels , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Tendons/surgery , Collagen , Stem Cells , Biomechanical Phenomena
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 69-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 46-50, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Nice knot technique for wound closure in Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients with Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures, who underwent wound closure using the Nice knot technique and were admitted between June 2021 and June 2022. There were 15 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 18 to 67 years, with an average of 41.9 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 11 cases, falling from height in 7 cases, and heavy object injuries in 4 cases. Fractures were located on the left side in 9 cases and on the right side in 13 cases. And 9 cases were type ⅢA fractures and 13 were type ⅢB fractures according to Gustilo classification. All patients had extensive soft tissue injuries, and no vascular or neurological damage was observed. The time from injury to debridement was 3-8 hours (mean, 6.5 hours). The sizes of wounds before operation and at 2 weeks after operation were measured and wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation were calculated. The wound healing time and wound healing grading were recorded. The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score was used to assess the wound scar after wound healed and the excellent and good rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The wound area was 21.0-180.0 cm 2 (mean, 57.82 cm 2) before operation, and it was 1.2-27.0 cm 2 (mean, 6.57 cm 2) at 2 weeks after operation. The wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation was 76%-98% (mean, 88.6%). After operation, 2 cases needed to adjust Nice knot due to skin cutting and 1 case occurred soft tissue infection on the wound. The other patient's wounds healed. The average wound healing time was 27.8 days (range, 18-44 days). And the wound healing were grade A in 13 cases and grade B in 9 cases. VSS score was 2-9, with an average of 4.1; 10 cases were rated as excellent, 10 as good, and 2 as poor, with an excellent and good rate of 90.9%. All patients were followed up 9-24 months (mean, 14.6 months). During follow-up, no deep infection or osteomyelitis occurred. Two cases experienced fracture non-union, and were treated with compression fixation and bone grafting. The fractures of the other patients all healed, with a healing time of 85-190 days (mean, 148.2 days).@*CONCLUSION@#Nice knot technique can be used in wound closure of Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures effectively, which is easy to operate.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cicatrix , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Wound Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open/surgery
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1610-1619, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528775

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Keloid scar is a unique benign fibroproliferative tumor of the human skin. Previously, it was reported that early growth response 1 (EGR1), a transcription factor, promotes keloid fibrosis; however, the mechanism by which EGR1 modulates keloid formation was not elaborated. In this research, the specific function and the microRNA (miRNA) regulatory network of EGR1 in keloids was examined. Keloid fibroblasts (KFs) were transfected with EGR1-small interfering RNA (siEGR1), EGR1-overexpression plasmid (pcDNA3.1-EGR1), and microRNA (miR-183-5p)-mimics to regulate the expression of EGR1 and miR-183-5p. The study employed dual-luciferase reporter assays to explore the targeting regulation of miR-183-5p on EGR1. Additionally, Western blotting, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, cell count kit-8 (CCK-8), transwell, and wound healing assays, and RNA sequencing were conducted. EGR1 was upregulated in KFs, and EGR1 silencing diminished proliferation, fibrosis, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of cells. In KFs, the expression of miR- 183-5p was reduced, leading to the inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Conversely, it enhanced apoptosis. By targeting EGR1, miR-183-5p partially counteracted the impact of EGR1 on migration, invasion, and fibrosis in KFs. The findings imply that miR-183-5p suppresses keloid formation by targeting EGR1. As a result, EGR1 holds promise as a potential therapeutic target for preventing and treating keloids.


La cicatriz queloide es un tumor fibroproliferativo benigno único de la piel humana. Anteriormente, se informó que la respuesta de crecimiento temprano 1 (EGR1), un factor de transcripción, promueve la fibrosis queloide; sin embargo, no se explicó el mecanismo por el cual EGR1 modula la formación de queloides. En esta investigación, se examinó la función específica y la red reguladora de microARN (miARN) de EGR1 en queloides. Se transfectaron fibroblastos queloides (KF) con ARN de interferencia pequeño de EGR1 (siEGR1), plásmido de sobreexpresión de EGR1 (pcDNA3.1-EGR1) y miméticos de microARN (miR-183-5p) para regular la expresión de EGR1 y miR-183. -5p. El estudio empleó ensayos de indicador de luciferasa dual para explorar la regulación dirigida de miR-183-5p en EGR1. Además, se realizaron pruebas de transferencia Western, citometría de flujo, qRT-PCR, kit de recuento celular-8 (CCK-8), transwell y curación de heridas, y secuenciación de ARN. EGR1 estaba regulado positivamente en KF, y el silenciamiento de EGR1 disminuyó la proliferación, fibrosis, migración, invasión y apoptosis de las células. En KF, la expresión de miR- 183-5p se redujo, lo que llevó a la inhibición de la proliferación, migración e invasión celular. Por el contrario, mejoró la apoptosis. Al apuntar a EGR1, miR-183-5p contrarrestó parcialmente el impacto de EGR1 en la migración, invasión y fibrosis en KF. Los hallazgos implican que miR-183-5p suprime la formación de queloides al apuntar a EGR1. Como resultado, EGR1 es prometedor como objetivo terapéutico potencial para prevenir y tratar los queloides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Early Growth Response Protein 1 , Fibroblasts , Keloid/genetics , Keloid/pathology , Wound Healing , Transfection , Down-Regulation , Cell Movement , Blotting, Western , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/physiology , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550839

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atención al paciente con retardo en la cicatrización parte de la optimización en sus cuidados. La reversión del cuadro requiere del conocimiento de los factores de riesgo. La literatura nacional e internacional describen factores locales o relacionados con la herida y generales o relacionados al estado general del paciente. Objetivo: Estimar los factores de riesgo del retardo en la cicatrización en pacientes quemados. Métodos: Estudio analítico de casos y control en pacientes quemados ingresados en el Servicio de Caumatología del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech en el período 2017 a 2021. La población objeto de estudio comprendió a 267 pacientes. Se calculó el odds ratio y el intervalo de confianza. Resultados: El desarrollo de retardo en la cicatrización resultó tres veces y media más probable en pacientes quemados con 45 años y más, odds ratio 3,591. Además, fue nueve veces más probable en enfermedades crónicas asociadas, hasta seis veces en quemaduras no accidentales, 163 veces en la complicación local y 89 veces en la complicación sistémica. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo del retardo en la cicatrización en pacientes quemados identificados fueron los siguientes: edad de 45 años y más, presencia de comorbilidad, el fuego directo como agente causal, el modo de producción no accidental, la presencia de más de seis zonas anatómicas afectadas, la quemadura hipodérmica, la quemadura de 20 porciento de superficie corporal quemada y más de extensión, el apoyo de la lesión, el índice cubano de pronóstico con riesgo vital, la complicación local y la complicación sistémica(AU)


Introduction: The care for the patient with delayed healing starts from the optimization of their care. Reversing such condition requires knowledge of the risk factors. The national and international literature describes local factors related to the injury and general factors related to the patient's general condition. Objective: To estimate the risk factors for delayed healing in burn patients. Methods: An analytical case-control study was carried out with burn patients admitted to the caumatology service at Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech in the period from 2017 to 2021. The study population consisted of 267 patients. Odds ratio and confidence interval were calculated. Results: The development of delayed healing was three and a half times more likely in burn patients aged 45 years or over (odds ratio: 3.591). In addition, it was nine times more likely for associated chronic diseases, up to six times in nonaccidental burns, 163 times in local complications, and 89 times in systemic complications. Conclusions: The identified risk factors for delayed healing in burn patients were the following: age 45 years or over, presence of comorbidity, direct fire as causative agent, nonaccidental way of production, presence of more than six affected anatomical areas, hypodermic burn, burn extension of 20 percent or over on the burned body surface, injury contact pressure, the Cuban index of prognostic vital risk, as well as the local or the systemic complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Burns/etiology , Patient Care/methods , Review Literature as Topic
11.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e4046, 2023-12-12. img
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1526184

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a evolução cicatricial de uma deiscência de ferida operatória em esternotomia de uma paciente em pós-operatório de troca valvar mitral e aórtica. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, do tipo estudo de caso, desenvolvido na clínica médica de um Hospital Unversitário da rede EBSERH, em uma paciente com deiscência de ferida operatória em esternotomia. Os dados foram obtidos por meio da avaliação direta da lesão, avaliação fotográfica e dos registros escritos no prontuário da paciente no período de julho a setembro de 2021. O estudo foi aprovado pelo comitê de ética em pesquisa do Hospital Universitárioda Universidade Federal do Piauí -HUUFPI (Número do Parecer: 5.726.375). Resultados: A paciente evoluiu com redução das medidas da área da lesão deiscente, proliferação de bom tecido de granulação e aproximação das bordas da lesão, com a utilização da Terapia por Pressão Negativa e coberturas adequadas a cada fase do processo de cicatrização. Conclusão: O conhecimento acerca do processo de cicatrização de feridas associado ao uso de produtos e tecnologias, como a Terapia por Pressão Negativa, foram fundamentais no tratamento da deiscência de ferida operatória, evitando uma nova abordagem cirúrgica, bem como reduzindo custos e tempo de internação hospitalar. Descritores: Deiscência da Ferida Operatória; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Cicatrização.


Objective: To describe the healing evolution of surgical wound dehiscence in a sternotomy patient during the postoperative period of mitral and aortic valve replacement.Methods: A descriptive survey of the case study type, developed in the medical clinic of a University Hospital from the EBSERH network on a patient with surgical wound dehiscence in sternotomy. The data were obtained through direct evaluation of the lesion, photographic assessment and written records in the patient's medical chart from July to September 2021. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the University Hospital belonging to the Federal University of Piauí (Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Piauí, HU-UFPI) (Opinion number: 5,726,375). Results:The patient evolved with a reduction in the measurements of the dehiscent lesion area, proliferation of good granulation tissue and approximation of the lesion edges, with use of Negative Pressure Therapy and adequate dressings for each phase of the healing process. Conclusion: Knowledge about the wound healing process associated with the use of products and technologies, such as Negative Pressure Therapy, was fundamental in the treatment of surgical wound dehiscence, avoiding a new surgical approach, as well as reducing costs and hospitalization time. Descriptors:~Surgical Wound Dehiscence; Nursing Care; Wound Healing.


Subject(s)
Surgical Wound Dehiscence , Wound Healing , Nursing Care
12.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1292, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510118

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Identificar propriedades químicas e farmacológicas do gênero Copaifera no tratamento de lesões e feridas. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE, PubMed, Taylor & Francis e Scopus, em janeiro de 2022, por meio da estratégia de busca: "Chemical Properties" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries" e "Pharmacology" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries". Foram incluídos artigos originais, de texto completo, identificados de acordo nível de evidência, redigidos em português, inglês ou espanhol. Resultados: Na busca primária foram encontrados 261 artigos. Após a seleção sistematizada, 12 estudos foram selecionados para análise qualitativa. Espécies do gênero Copaifera apresentam propriedades farmacológicas favoráveis ao tratamento de feridas: controle da dor inflamatória, diminuição da reação inflamatória, reepitelização e reparo tecidual, angiogênese, retração da ferida e remodelagem de cicatrizes. Dentre as propriedades químicas associadas ao tratamento de lesões, destacam-se presença de compostos bioativos: diterpenos, 3-hidroxi-copálico, sesquiterpenos, éster kolavic-15-metílico. Entre os diterpenos testados, o caurenoico e os ácidos copálicos mostraram atividades hemolíticas significativas. Apenas o ácido copálico e o ácido hardwíckiico inibiram a produção de óxido nítrico em macrófagos ativados por lipopolissacarídeos. Conclusão: As plantas do gênero Copaifera apresentam propriedades químicas e farmacológicas favoráveis ao tratamento de lesões e feridas


Objective:To identify chemical and pharmacological properties of Copaifera in the treatment of injuries and wounds. Method: Integrative literature review conducted in the LILACS, MEDLINE, PubMed, Taylor & Francis and Scopus databases in January 2022, using the search strategy: "Chemical Properties" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries" and "Pharmacology" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries." Original articles, full text, identified according to level of evidence, written in Portuguese, English or Spanish, were included. Results: In the primary search 261 articles were found. After systematized selection, 12 studies were selected for qualitative analysis. Species of the genus Copaifera have pharmacological properties favorable for wound treatment: control of inflammatory pain, reduction of inflammatory reaction, tissue reepithelialization and repair, angiogenesis, wound retraction and scar remodeling. Among the chemical properties associated with the treatment of injuries, the presence of bioactive compounds stand out: diterpenes, 3-hydroxy-copalic, sesquiterpenes, kolavic-15-methyl ester. Among the tested diterpenes, kaurenoic and copalic acids showed significant hemolytic activities. Only copalic acid and hardwickiic acid inhibited nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages. Conclusion: Plants of the genus Copaifera have chemical and pharmacological properties favorable for the treatment of injuries and wounds.


Objetivo:Identificar las propiedades químicas y farmacológicas del género Copaifera en el tratamiento de lesiones y heridas. Método: Revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE, PubMed, Taylor & Francis y Scopus, en enero de 2022, mediante la estrategia de búsqueda: "Chemical Properties" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries" e "Pharmacology" AND "Copaifera" AND "Wounds and Injuries". Se incluyeron artículos originales, a texto completo, identificados según el nivel de evidencia, escritos en portugués, inglés o español. Resultados: En la búsqueda primaria se encontraron 261 artículos. Tras una selección sistematizada, se seleccionaron 12 estudios para el análisis cualitativo. Las especies del género Copaifera presentan propiedades farmacológicas favorables para el tratamiento de las enfermedades: control del dolor inflamatorio, disminución de la reacción inflamatoria, reepitelización y reparación tecidual, angiogénesis, retracción de la piel y remodelación de las cicatrices. Entre las propiedades químicas asociadas al tratamiento de las lesiones, destaca la presencia de compuestos bioactivos: diterpenos, 3-hidroxicopálico, sesquiterpenos, éster kolavico-15-metilo. Entre los diterpenos probados, los ácidos kaurenoico y copálico mostraron actividades hemolíticas significativas. Sólo el ácido copálico y el ácido hardwickiico inhibieron la producción de óxido nítrico en macrófagos activados por lipopolisacáridos. Conclusión: Las plantas del género Copaifera presentan propiedades químicas y farmacológicas favorables para el tratamiento de lesiones y heridas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Wounds and Injuries/drug therapy , Plant Preparations/pharmacology , Fabaceae/chemistry , Phytotherapy , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
13.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1310, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1443205

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As feridas de difícil cicatrização incidem em uma problemática de saúde devido a sua elevada prevalência e etiologias multifatoriais. O tratamento se inicia na prescrição do agente terapêutico apropriado, sucedido do uso de instrumentos que permitam ao profissional documentar as avaliações da ferida. Objetivo: O estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a confiabilidade e validade da versão brasileira do instrumento RESVECH 2.0 no contexto das feridas de difícil cicatrização. Método: Realizou-se um estudo metodológico. Inicialmente, foi aplicada uma entrevista nos participantes com o intuito de estabelecer um perfil; após, foram realizadas as avaliações das feridas de difícil cicatrização de qualquer etiologia (n = 179) com os instrumentos RESVECH 2.0 e Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing 3.0 (PUSH 3.0). Resultado: As propriedades psicométricas avaliadas foram a validade do construto convergente, confiabilidade interobservadores e consistência interna. A confiabilidade de consistência interna apresentou os valores de 0,561 e 0,535. A confiabilidade interobservadores apresentou um valor Kappa que varia entre 0,14 e 0,76 e um coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC) de 0,87. Para a validade de construto convergente, foi aplicado o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman para os dados dos escores dos instrumentos RESVECH 2.0 e PUSH 3.0 (n = 150), coeficiente obtido foi igual a 0,717. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o instrumento demonstrou evidências de confiabilidade e validade.


Introduction:Wounds that are difficult to heal are a health problem due to their high prevalence and multifactorial etiologies. Treatment begins with the prescription of the appropriate therapeutic agent, followed by the use of instruments that allow the professional to document wound assessments. Objective: The study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the RESVECH 2.0 instrument in the context of difficult-to-heal wounds. Methods: A methodological study was carried out. Initially, participants were interviewed in order to establish a profile; then evaluations of difficult-to-heal wounds of any etiology (n = 179) were performed with RESVECH 2.0 and Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing 3.0 (PUSH 3.0) instruments. Results: The psychometric properties evaluated were convergent construct validity, interobserver reliability and internal consistency. Internal consistency reliability showed the values of 0.561 and 0.535. Interobserver reliability showed a Kappa value ranging from 0.14 to 0.76 and an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.87. For convergent construct validity, Spearman's correlation coefficient was applied to RESVECH 2.0 and PUSH 3.0 scores (n = 150); the coefficient obtained was 0.717. Conclusion: It is concluded that the instrument showed evidence of reliability and validity.


Introducción:Las heridas de difícil cicatrización constituyen un problema de salud por su alta prevalencia y etiologías multifactoriales. El tratamiento comienza con la prescripción del agente terapéutico adecuado, seguido por el uso de instrumentos que permiten al profesional documentar la evaluación de la herida. Objetivo: El estudio pretende evaluar la fiabilidad y validez de la versión brasileña del instrumento RESVECH 2.0 en el contexto de heridas de difícil cicatrización. Método: Se realizó un estudio metodológico. Inicialmente, se aplicó una entrevista a los participantes para establecer un perfil; a continuación, se realizaron las evaluaciones de las heridas de difícil cicatrización de cualquier etiología (n = 179) con los instrumentos RESVECH 2.0 y Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing 3.0 (PUSH 3.0). Resultados: Las propiedades psicométricas evaluadas fueron la validez de constructo convergente, la fiabilidad interobservador y la consistencia interna. La fiabilidad de la consistencia interna presentó los valores de 0,561 y 0,535. La fiabilidad interobservador presentó un valor Kappa que osciló entre 0,14 y 0,76 y un coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) de 0,87. Para la validez de constructo convergente, se aplicó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman a los datos de las puntuaciones de los instrumentos RESVECH 2.0 y PUSH 3.0 (n = 150); el coeficiente obtenido fue de 0,717. Conclusión: Se concluye que el instrumento mostró indicios de fiabilidad y validez.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1260, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510119

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Investigar estudos que apresentem sistemas computacionais de auxílio à cicatrização de feridas e quais sistemas se referem ao uso de laser de baixa intensidade. Método: Revisão de escopo que visou responder à questão de pesquisa: Quais sistemas computacionais auxiliam na cicatrização de feridas? Uma subquestão foi: quais sistemas computacionais se referem ao uso do laser de baixa intensidade? Resultados: A partir da busca, aplicando os critérios de elegibilidade, 49 artigos compuseram a amostra final. Os sistemas apresentaram várias finalidades de apoio à cicatrização de feridas, em que a maioria apresentou como usuário do sistema o profissional de saúde, sendo a medicina a área profissional mais mencionada, embora a enfermagem esteja envolvida com o manejo do cuidado às pessoas com feridas. Foi relatada com frequência a inovação na assistência a partir do uso do sistema computacional, o que demonstra a importância desse tipo de ferramenta para a prática clínica. Verificou-se com frequência o uso de plataforma mobile, como tendência da atualidade. Conclusão: Os sistemas computacionais têm sido utilizados como ferramentas para apoiar pacientes e principalmente profissionais na cicatrização de feridas. Quanto ao laser de baixa intensidade, houve escassez de sistemas computacionais com essa finalidade, com apenas um estudo.


Objective:To investigate studies that present computational systems to aid healing and systems which refer to the use of low-level laser. Method: Scope review that aimed to answer the question: Which computer systems help in wound healing? A subquestion was: Which of the computer systems refer to the use of low-level laser? Results: From the search, applying the eligibility criteria, 49 articles made up the final sample. The systems served multiple purposes in support of wound healing; the majority presented the health professional as a user of the system; medicine was the most mentioned professional area despite nursing being involved in the management of care for people with wounds. Innovation in care using the computer system was frequently reported, demonstrating the importance of this type of tool for clinical practice. There was a high frequency of the mobile platform, showing that this is a current trend. Conclusion: Computer systems have been used as tools to support patients and especially professionals in wound healing. Regarding the systems aimed at the low intensity laser, there was a shortage of computer systems for this purpose, with a study.


Objetivo:Investigar estudios que presenten sistemas computacionales de ayuda a la cicatrización y sistemas que se refieran al uso de láser de bajo nivel. Método: Revisión de alcance que tuvo como objetivo responder a la pregunta: ¿Qué sistemas informáticos ayudan en la cicatrización de heridas? Una subpregunta fue: ¿Cuál de los sistemas informáticos se refieren al uso de láser de bajo nivel? Resultados: A partir de la búsqueda, aplicando los criterios de elegibilidad, 49 artículos conformaron la muestra final. Los sistemas sirvieron para múltiples propósitos en apoyo de la cicatrización de heridas; la mayoría presentó al profesional de la salud como usuario del sistema; la medicina fue el área profesional más mencionadas, a pesar de que la enfermería está involucrada en la gestión del cuidado de las personas con heridas. La innovación en la atención basada en el uso del sistema informático fue relatada con frecuencia, demostrando la importancia de este tipo de herramienta para la práctica clínica. Hubo una alta frecuencia de la plataforma móvil, lo que demuestra que esta es una tendencia actual. Conclusión: Los sistemas informáticos se han utilizado como herramientas de apoyo a los pacientes y especialmente a los profesionales en la cicatrización de heridas. En cuanto a los sistemas dirigidos al láser de baja intensidad, hubo escasez de sistemas informáticos para este fin, con un estudio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Software , Low-Level Light Therapy , Systems Biology/methods , Computer Simulation
15.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3839, ene.-dic. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431827

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar el costo-efectividad y calcular la relación costoefectividad incremental del tratamiento multicapa compresivo con respecto al inelástico (bota de Unna y estiramiento corto) según la literatura actual. Método: estudio cuantitativo de costo-efectividad a través de un modelo con ayuda del software TreeAge® para la elaboración del árbol de decisión. Los supuestos anunciados se obtuvieron mediante el uso de datos secundarios de la literatura para estimar el costo y la efectividad de los parámetros asumidos. Para ello, se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura con metaanálisis. Resultados: el árbol de decisión, después del Roll Back, mostró que la terapia multicapa prevaleció sobre las alternativas en el caso base, presentó un costo intermedio por aplicación, pero obtuvo la mayor efectividad. El gráfico del análisis de costo-efectividad también demostró que había un dominio extendido de la bota de Unna sobre el vendaje de estiramiento corto. El análisis de sensibilidad reveló que el vendaje multicapa sigue siendo la alternativa con mayor costoefectividad, dentro del umbral de disposición a pagar. Conclusión: la alternativa con mayor costo-efectividad fue el vendaje multicapa, considerado estándar de oro en la literatura. La segunda alternativa con mayor costo-efectividad fue la bota de Unna, la terapia más utilizada en Brasil.


Objective: to analyze the cost-effectiveness and calculate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of multilayer compressive treatment in relation to inelastic (Unna boot and short stretch) therapy according to the current literature. Method: quantitative study about cost-effectiveness through modeling with the aid of TreeAge® software for construction of the decision tree. The anticipated assumptions were obtained by using secondary literature data to estimate the cost and effectiveness of the assumed parameters. A systematic literature review with meta-analysis was performed for this end. Results: the decision tree after Roll Back showed that the multilayer therapy dominated the alternatives in the base case, representing an intermediate cost per application, although with the highest effectiveness. The cost-effectiveness analysis graph also showed extended dominance of the Unna boot in relation to the short stretch bandage. The sensitivity analysis showed that multilayer bandage remains a more cost-effective alternative, within the threshold of willingness to pay. Conclusion: the most cost-effective alternative was multilayer bandage, considered the gold standard in the literature. The second most cost-effective alternative was the Unna boot, the most used therapy in Brazil.


Objetivo: analisar a custo-efetividade e calcular a razão de custoefetividade incremental do tratamento compressivo multicamadas em relação ao inelástico (bota de Unna e curto estiramento) de acordo com a literatura atual. Método: estudo quantitativo sobre custo-efetividade por meio de modelagem com auxílio do software TreeAge® para a construção da árvore de decisão. Os pressupostos anunciados foram obtidos pelo uso de dados secundários de literatura para estimativa do custo e efetividade dos parâmetros assumidos. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de literatura com metanálise. Resultados: a árvore de decisão, após Roll Back mostrou que a terapia multicamadas dominou as alternativas no caso-base, representando custo intermediário por aplicação, porém, com a maior efetividade. O gráfico da análise de custo-efetividade também mostrou uma dominância estendida da bota de Unna em relação à bandagem de curto estiramento. A análise de sensibilidade mostrou que a bandagem multicamadas permanece como alternativa mais custo-efetiva, dentro do limiar de disposição para pagar. Conclusão: a alternativa com maior custo-efetividade foi a bandagem multicamadas, considerada padrão ouro na literatura. A segunda alternativa mais custo-efetiva foi a bota de Unna, terapia mais utilizada no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Varicose Ulcer/therapy , Wound Healing , Brazil , Compression Bandages , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3726, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation with low-level 660 nm laser alone or associated with Human Amniotic Membrane in the repair of partial-thickness burns in rats. Method: an experimental study conducted with 48 male Wistar rats, randomized into four groups: Control, Human Amniotic Membrane, Low-Level Laser Therapy, and Low-Level Laser Therapy associated with Human Amniotic Membrane. The histopathological characteristics of the skin samples were analyzed 7 and 14 days after the burn. The data obtained were submitted to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: the histological analysis of the burn injuries showed a decrease in inflammation (p<0.0001) and an increase in proliferation of fibroblasts (p<0.0001) mainly at 7 days in all treatments related to the control group. At 14 days, the greater effectiveness in accelerating the healing process was significant (p<0.0001) in the Low-Level Laser Therapy group associated with the Human Amniotic Membrane. Conclusion: the association of photobiomodulation therapies with the Human Amniotic Membrane allowed verifying a reduction in the healing process time of the experimental lesions, stimulating its proposal as a treatment protocol in partial-thickness burns.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da fotobiomodulação com laser de baixa intensidade 660 nm isoladamente ou associada à membrana amniótica humana no reparo de queimaduras de espessura parcial em ratos. Método: estudo experimental com 48 ratos Wistar machos, randomizados em quatro grupos: Controle, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade e Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. As características histopatológicas das amostras de pele foram analisadas aos 7 e 14 dias após a queimadura. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e Mann Whitney. Resultados: a análise histológica das lesões por queimadura mostrou a diminuição da inflamação (p <0,0001) e aumento da proliferação de fibroblastos (p <0,0001), principalmente nos 7 dias em todos os tratamentos relacionados ao grupo controle. Aos 14 dias, a maior efetividade na aceleração do processo cicatricial foi significativa (p<0,0001) no grupo Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. Conclusão: a associação das terapias de fotobiomodulação à membrana amniótica humana permitiu comprovar redução no tempo do processo cicatricial das lesões experimentais, estimulando sua proposição como protocolo de tratamento em queimaduras de espessura parcial.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la fotobiomodulación con láser de baja intensidad 660 nm de sola o combinada con la membrana amniótica humana en la reparación de quemaduras de espesor parcial en ratas. Método: estudio experimental con 48 ratas Wistar macho, aleatorizadas en cuatro grupos: Control, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad y Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana. Las características histopatológicas de las muestras de piel fueron analizadas a los 7 y 14 días después de la quemadura. Los datos obtenidos fueron sometidos a las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y Mann-Whitney. Resultados: el análisis histológico de las lesiones por quemadura mostró una disminución de la inflamación (p <0,0001) y un aumento de la proliferación de fibroblastos (p <0,0001) principalmente a los 7 días en todos los tratamientos en comparación con el grupo control; a los 14 días, en el grupo de Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana la mayor efectividad en la aceleración del proceso de cicatrización fue significativa (p<0,0001). Conclusión: la asociación de terapias de fotobiomodulación con la membrana amniótica humana permitió comprobar que hubo una reducción en el tiempo del proceso de cicatrización de lesiones experimentales, lo cual favorece que se proponga como protocolo de tratamiento en quemaduras de espesor parcial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing , Burns/pathology , Burns/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Low-Level Light Therapy , Amnion/pathology
17.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(306): 10030-10037, dez.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1526476

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: - reconhecer a importância da equipa multidisciplinar na abordagem à pessoa com ferida complexa na cicatrização de feridas; - mapear a evidência/conhecimento sobre a temática em estudo. Método: Scoping review realizada entre 04 de janeiro e 01 de fevereiro de 2020, nas bases de dados Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP), EBSCO host (CINAHL e Medline) e Web of Science, utilizando estratégias de pesquisa adaptadas a cada base de dados. Resultados e discussão: A evidência científica demonstra a importância das equipas multidisciplinares na abordagem à pessoa com ferida complexa. Conclusão: Tratando-se de um processo complexo, é fundamental ter em consideração todos os elementos que influenciam e atrasam a cicatrização, para se conseguir melhorar os resultados no tratamento e nos custos associados.(AU)


Objectives: - to recognize the importance of the multidisciplinary team in the approach to the person with a complex wound in wound healing; - to map the evidence/knowledge on the subject under study. Method: Scoping review carried out between January 4 and February 1, 2020, in the databases Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP), EBSCO host (CINAHL and Medline) and Web of Science, using search strategies adapted to each database. Results and discussion: The scientific evidence demonstrates the importance of multidisciplinary teams in dealing with people with complex wounds. Conclusion: As this is a complex process, it is essential to take into account all the elements that influence and delay healing, in order to improve treatment results and associated costs. (AU)


Objetivos: - reconocer la importancia del equipo multidisciplinar en el abordaje de la persona con herida compleja en la cicatrización de heridas; - mapear la evidencia/conocimiento sobre el tema objeto de estudio. Método: Revisión de alcance realizada entre el 04 de enero y el 01 de febrero de 2020, en las bases de datos Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP), EBSCO host (CINAHL y Medline) y Web of Science, utilizando estrategias de búsqueda adaptadas a cada base de datos. Resultados y discusión: La evidencia científica demuestra la importancia de los equipos multidisciplinares en el abordaje de las personas con heridas complejas. Conclusión: Al tratarse de un proceso complejo, es fundamental tener en cuenta todos los elementos que influyen y retrasan la cicatrización para mejorar los resultados del tratamiento y los costes asociados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries , Costs and Cost Analysis
18.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 292-297, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532061

ABSTRACT

La resorción ósea alveolar suele dar lugar a que las inserciones de la mucosa interfieran para la construcción, estabilidad y retención de una prótesis removible, una opción que permite modificar este tejido se obtiene por medio de una vestibuloplastia. Actualmente se puede favorecer la cicatrización de heridas utilizando láser de alta potencia aplicado a procedimientos quirúrgicos orales. Se realiza reporte de caso en paciente femenino a la que se realizó procedimiento de vestibuloplastia con láser de Er,Cr:YSGG, utilizando de forma postoperatoria gel de quitosano en nanotransportador biomolécula EPX. Se observa una cicatrización rápida y favorable al combinar ambas terapéuticas, además al utilizar productos con quitosano se disminuye el riesgo de la necrosis de fibroblastos gingivales humanos como recientemente se reportó en el uso de colutorios de clorhexidina (AU)


Alveolar bone resorption often results in mucosal insertions interfering with the construction, stability and retention of a removable prosthesis, an option to modify this tissue is obtained by means of vestibuloplasty. Currently, wound healing can be promoted by using high power laser applied to oral surgical procedures. A case report of a female patient who underwent a vestibuloplasty procedure with laser Er,Cr:YSGG, using chitosan gel with EPX biomolecule nanocarriers postoperatively. A fast and favorable healing is observed when combining both therapeutics, besides, when using products with chitosan, the risk of necrosis of human gingival fibroblasts is reduced, as recently reported in the use of chlorhexidine mouthwashes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Nanotechnology/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Chitosan
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 38-42, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443980

ABSTRACT

As lesões na face decorrentes de mordedura humana estão entre os tipos de trauma causados por violência interpessoal. Injúrias causadas nesta região podem gerar uma série de morbidades como perdas teciduais importantes, infecções, além de cicatrizes irreversíveis quando a ferida é passível de reparo, portanto, os cuidados pós-trauma devem visar à minimização de cura, além da funcionalidade, buscando o máximo de estética possível. Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de mordida humana em região de dorso nasal, com avulsão da ponta nasal, atendida no Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, pelo serviço de Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial. Procedeu-se com reparo primário e antibioticoterapia profilática, no qual o resultado do tratamento foi considerado satisfatório, boa cicatrização tecidual e sem queixas funcionais e estéticas... (AU)


Injuries to the face resulting from human bite are among the types of trauma caused by interpersonal violence. The injuries caused in this region, can generate a series of morbidities such as major tissue loss, infection, and irreversible scarring when the wound is repairable, therefore, posttrauma care should aim to minimize healing, in addition to functionality, seeking maximum aesthetics as possible. This paper aims to report a clinical case of human bite in the nasal dorsum region, with avulsion of the nasal tip, attended at the Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, by the service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. It was proceeded with primary repair and prophylactic antibiotic therapy, in which the result of the treatment was considered satisfactory, good tissue healing and without functional and aesthetic complaints... (AU)


Las lesiones faciales producidas por mordeduras humanas se encuentran entre los tipos de traumatismos causados por la violencia interpersonal. Las lesiones causadas en esta región pueden generar una serie de morbilidades como la pérdida de tejidos importantes, la infección y la cicatrización irreversible cuando la herida es reparable, por lo tanto, los cuidados posttrauma deben tener como objetivo minimizar la cicatrización, además de la funcionalidad, buscando la máxima estética posible. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar un caso clínico de mordedura humana en la región del dorso nasal, con avulsión de la punta nasal, atendido en el Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, por el servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial. Se procedió a la reparación primaria y a la terapia antibiótica profiláctica, en la que el resultado del tratamiento se consideró satisfactorio, con buena cicatrización de los tejidos y sin quejas funcionales y estéticas... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Violence , Wound Healing , Nose/injuries , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Facial Injuries
20.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(302): 9805-9809, ago.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510257

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura quais são as mais recentes práticas assistenciais prestadas ao paciente portador de úlcera visando a cicatrização da ferida. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada no período de novembro e dezembro de 2022 indexados nos portais LILACS e MEDLINE, os descritores usados na busca foram "Úlcera varicosa" OR "Insuficiência venosa'' AND "cicatrização" AND "Assistência ao paciente". Resultados: foram incluídos 8 artigos, como principais resultados observou-se que a enfermagem realiza várias intervenções para cicatrização das lesões sendo a mais utilizada é o tratamento com terapia compressiva, seguido do tratamento com hidrocoloide e tratamento com gel de plaquetas homólogo. No que tange a avaliação de lesões, prevalece o uso do instrumento PUSH. Considerações finais: faz-se necessário a avaliação adequada, orientação do paciente e cuidador, cuidado multidisciplinar e associação de novas tecnologias para o tratamento de úlceras venosas. A padronização da utilização de escalas como a PUSH na avaliação dos cuidados prestados é essencial para nortear o atendimento.(AU)


Objective: To identify in the literature which are the most recent care practices provided to patients with ulcers, aiming at wound healing. Method: this is an integrative literature review carried out in the period of November and December 2022 indexed in the LILACS and MEDLINE portals, the descriptors used in the search were "Varicose ulcer" OR "Venous insufficiency'' AND "healing" AND "Assistance to the patient". Results: 8 articles were included. With regard to the assessment of injuries, the use of the PUSH instrument prevails. Final considerations: proper assessment, patient and caregiver guidance, multidisciplinary care and association of new technologies for the treatment of venous ulcers are necessary. The standardization of the use of scales such as the PUSH in the assessment of the care provided is essential to guide care.(AU)


Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura cuáles son las prácticas más recientes de cuidados prestados a pacientes con úlceras visando la cicatrización de las heridas. Método: se trata de una revisión bibliográfica integradora realizada en el período de noviembre y diciembre de 2022 indexada en los portales LILACS y MEDLINE, los descriptores utilizados en la búsqueda fueron "Úlcera varicosa" O "Insuficiencia venosa" Y "cicatrización" Y "Cuidados del paciente". Resultados: Se incluyeron 8 artículos, como principales resultados se observó que enfermería realiza diversas intervenciones para la cicatrización de las lesiones, siendo la más utilizada el tratamiento con terapia compresiva, seguida del tratamiento con hidrocoloide y el tratamiento con gel de plaquetas homólogas. En cuanto a la valoración de las lesiones, prevalece el uso del instrumento PUSH. Consideraciones finales: son necesarias una evaluación adecuada, la orientación al paciente y al cuidador, la atención multidisciplinar y la asociación de nuevas tecnologías para el tratamiento de las úlceras venosas. La estandarización del uso de escalas como el PUSH en la evaluación de los cuidados prestados es esencial para orientar la asistencia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Varicose Ulcer , Venous Insufficiency , Wound Healing , Patient Care
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