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Drug dosing errors in simulated paediatric emergencies – Comprehensive dosing guides outperform length-based tapes with precalculated drug doses
African Journal of Emergency Medicine ; 10(2), p.78-80, fig., tab., 2020
Article in English | AIM | ID: afr-202004
Responsible library: CG1.1
ABSTRACT

Background:

The accuracy of drug dosing calculations during medical emergencies in children has not been evaluated extensively. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of drug dose calculations using the Broselow tape, the PAWPER XL tape plus its companion drug-dosing guide, a custom-designed mobile phone app and no drug-dosing aid (control group).

Methods:

This was a prospective study in which 32 emergency medicine volunteers participated in eight simulations of common paediatric emergency conditions, using children models. The participants used the three methods to estimate the children's weight and calculate drug doses. The accuracy of and time taken for the drug dose determinations were then evaluated for each of the methods.

Results:

The overall accuracy of drug dose determinations was extremely and potentially dangerously low in the control group in which no dosing guide was used as well as in the Broselow tape group (<20% of doses were correct). The accuracy was significantly higher with the PAWPER XL tape group and the mobile app group (47% and 31% respectively). The times taken to obtain the required information did not differ in a clinically meaningful magnitude.

Conclusions:

Both an accurate weight estimation and a dosing guide with comprehensive information were necessary to produce an accurate prescription. The information on the Broselow tape was not sufficient for this purpose. The current guidelines recommending the use of tapes with limited information should be revised. The results from the comprehensive dosing guides were substantially better, but still had a lower proportion of accurate prescriptions than desirable. The role of training in every aspect of the emergency paediatric weight estimation and drug dosing procedure cannot be underestimated and should be routine in any environment where emergency care may be needed
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: AIM (Africa) Main subject: Resuscitation / Africa / Emergencies / Dosage / Medicine Type of study: Observational study Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: AIM (Africa) Main subject: Resuscitation / Africa / Emergencies / Dosage / Medicine Type of study: Observational study Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Year: 2020 Type: Article