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Uptake of antenatal care services among women of reproductive age in Mandera County, Kenya
African Journal of Health Sciences ; 33(1), p.56-69, fig., tab., 2020
Article in English | AIM | ID: afr-202178
Responsible library: CG1.1
ABSTRACT

Background:

Antenatal care is an opportunity for prevention and management of existing and potential causes of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. The new WHO antenatal care model, stipulates that, the first antenatal care visit takes place within the first trimester (gestational age of <12 weeks) and then, additional seven visits. Only 37% of women in Mandera County had utilized the recommended minimum four ANC visits.

Objectives:

There was need to assess the critical factors influencing the uptake of ANC in Mandera County Kenya, in order to enlighten stakeholders on the development of appropriate ANC Service Provision Program. This study took the intiative of bridging the gap.

Methodology:

The study adopted cross-sectional design using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Stratified and Sample random sampling were used to get a quantity of 348 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaire, FGDs and KIIs guides and Pearson’s Chi-square test. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression was summarized to establish the strengths of the association. Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) were used and threshold for statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Qualitative data was transcribed and analyzed thematically.

Results:

The proportion of women who utilized ANC was 83.0% and only 60.3% had attended recommended visits. Individual factors that influenced ANC uptake were; age, level of education, monthly income, gravida, parity and complications during pregnancy. Contextual factors that influenced ANC were; time taken to reach health facilities, source of maternal information and local discouragements. There was no significant relationship between Religion, marital status, age at first pregnancy with ANC uptake.

Conclusion:

The negative perception can change by; improving culturally sensitive ANC services accessibility by; increasing the number of female skilled health workers and reducing traveling time to the health facilities by conducting regular outreach services targeting villages with no close facility to pastoral communities. It will be important to strengthen CHVs' capacity to emphasize primary health care and accelerate progress towards UHC in the County. Provide health education and promotion targeting older mothers with high parity, women inclined to harmful cultural practices and their partners. In spite of a wide range of literature on ANC topics in most parts of Kenya, it was limited pertaining Mandera County. Recomandations Meticulous understanding of local barriers and facilitating factors of ANC utilization is prerequisite for designing and implementing interventions that aim to improve ANC uptake. Well developed infrastructure is a basic need that falls in the category of basic wants for Mandera County.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: AIM (Africa) Main subject: Women / Immunization / History / Kenya Type of study: Prognostic_studies / Qualitative_research Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: African Journal of Health Sciences Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: AIM (Africa) Main subject: Women / Immunization / History / Kenya Type of study: Prognostic_studies / Qualitative_research Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: African Journal of Health Sciences Year: 2020 Type: Article