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El desarrollo de la habilidad solucionar problemas de salud de carácter urgente en estudiantes de la carrera de Medicina / The development of skills to solve urgent health problems in the medicine student
Elias-Sierra, Reinaldo; Bordelois-Abdo, Max Santiago; Choo-Ubals, Tania; Batista-Cuenca, Milton.
  • Elias-Sierra, Reinaldo; Hospital General Docente Dr. Agostinho Neto. CU
  • Bordelois-Abdo, Max Santiago; Hospital General Docente Dr. Agostinho Neto. CU
  • Choo-Ubals, Tania; Hospital General Docente Dr. Agostinho Neto. CU
  • Batista-Cuenca, Milton; Policlínico Docente Comunitario Gilberto Isalgué Isalgué. CU
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(5): 468-477, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139209
RESUMEN
RESUMEN Introducción: El egreso de un médico general competente demanda que desde el pregrado aprenda a solucionar los problemas de salud más prevalentes. Objetivo: Diseñar un sistema de tareas docentes que contribuya a que el estudiante de Medicina desarrolle la habilidad de solucionar problemas de salud de carácter urgente presentes en el paciente adulto. Método: En el curso escolar 2017-2018, en el servicio de Medicina Intensiva del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" se realizó un estudio de corte transversal y con enfoque cualitativo. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos, empíricos y matemático-estadísticos. Se hizo un pre-experimento en el que se aplicó un sistema de tareas docentes dirigido a satisfacer el objetivo que se declaró, en el que participaron 25 estudiantes seleccionados aleatoriamente. Resultados: La autoevaluación del estudiante y su examen de desempeño mostró que en el 64,0 % de ellos mejoró su preparación para este fin y logró el desarrollo de la habilidad. Conclusiones: Se fundamenta desde el punto de vista teórico que la solución de estos problemas de salud de carácter urgente adquiere el carácter de habilidad profesional para el médico dada su implicación en el modo de actuación profesional. Se diseña un sistema de tareas docentes que posibilita esta aspiración y se demuestra su viabilidad para su instrumentación en la práctica pedagógica.
ABSTRACT
ABSTRACT Introduction: The graduation of competent general practitioners demand from them the learning of skills to solve the most common urgent health issues from early stages of the undergraduate level. Objective: To design a system of teaching tasks aiming to the development of problem-solving skills in the medicine student regarding common urgent health problems in adult patients. Method: During the school year 2017-2018, a qualitative-focused cross-sectional study was undertaken in the intensive care service at the General Teaching Hospital ¨Dr. Agostinho Neto¨. In the research, theoretical, empirical and mathematical-statistical methods were used. A pre experiment was carried out, applying a system of teaching tasks aimed to the goals already set, in a group of 25 randomly-selected students. Results: Self-evaluation of the students, and their performance in the exams showed an improvement in 64.0% of them, and the development of the skills required. Conclusions: From a theoretical point of view, is obvious that the resolution of urgent health problems is a keystone skill in the practitioners, due to the importance it has in their career. On that path, a system of tasks is developed in order to show the students how to improve on these skills, and the viability to make this tasks into the current teaching program is proved.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Aptitude / Problem Solving / Clinical Decision-Making Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: Spanish Journal: Rev. inf. cient Journal subject: Ciˆncias da Sa£de / Comunica‡Æo em Sa£de / GestÆo da Informa‡Æo em Sa£de / Medical Informatics Year: 2020 Type: Article Affiliation country: Cuba Institution/Affiliation country: Hospital General Docente Dr. Agostinho Neto/CU / Policlínico Docente Comunitario Gilberto Isalgué Isalgué/CU

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Aptitude / Problem Solving / Clinical Decision-Making Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: Spanish Journal: Rev. inf. cient Journal subject: Ciˆncias da Sa£de / Comunica‡Æo em Sa£de / GestÆo da Informa‡Æo em Sa£de / Medical Informatics Year: 2020 Type: Article Affiliation country: Cuba Institution/Affiliation country: Hospital General Docente Dr. Agostinho Neto/CU / Policlínico Docente Comunitario Gilberto Isalgué Isalgué/CU