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Efficacy and safety of intermediate-dose cytarabine in the treatment of children with refractory high risk Langerhans cell histiocytosis / 中华儿科杂志
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1118-1123, 2023.
Article in Zh | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013233
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To analyze the efficacy, safety, and long-term prognosis of intermediate-dose cytarabine (Ara-c) regimen in the treatment of children with refractory risk organ involvement Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).

Methods:

Clinical data of 17 children with multisystem and risk organ involvement LCH who failed the first-line therapy and were treated with intermediate-dose Ara-c (250 mg/m2, twice daily) regimen in the Hematology Center, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to the basic treatment of vindesine and dexamethasone, the patients received two regimens regimen A the intermediate-dose Ara-c combined with cladribine and regimen B the intermediate-dose Ara-c alone. The efficacy, safety and prognosis of the two regimens were analyzed.

Results:

Among all 17 patients, there were 11 males and 6 females, with the diagnosis age of 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) years. Ten children received regimen A, all of them achieved active disease-better (AD-B) after 8 courses of induction therapy. The disease activity scores (DAS) decreased from 5.5 (3.0, 9.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.3). Seven children received regimen B, and 6 of them achieved AD-B after 8 courses of induction therapy. The DAS decreased from 4.0 (2.0, 4.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.0). The follow-up time was 6.2 (4.9,7.2) and 5.2 (3.7,5.8) years in group A and B. The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0% in both groups, and the 5-year event free survival rate was (88.9±10.5)% and (85.7±13.2)% in group A and B. Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression was observed in 8 patients in group A and 2 patients in group B.

Conclusions:

The intermediate-dose Ara-c regimen (with or without cladribine) is effective and safe for patients with refractory high-risk LCH, with a good long-term prognosis.
Subject(s)
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Main subject: Prognosis / Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / Retrospective Studies / Cladribine / Cytarabine Limits: Child / Female / Humans / Male Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2023 Type: Article
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Main subject: Prognosis / Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / Retrospective Studies / Cladribine / Cytarabine Limits: Child / Female / Humans / Male Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2023 Type: Article