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The expressions and clinical relevance of angiotensin-receptor-1 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in glomerulus and juxtaglomerular apparatus of patients with lupus nephritis / 中华风湿病学杂志
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-609,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662320
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To detect the expressions of angiotensin-receptor-1 (AT1R) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1αin glomeruli and juxtaglomerular apparatus of different types of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, and analyze the correlation between them with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) complement 3, serum creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria in order to explore the role of the two factors in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Methods Between May 2010 and April 2016, a total of 90 patients with LN and 8 healthy controls were selected from Department of Rheumatology, Qujing Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The expressions of AT1R and HIF-1αin renal biopsy specimens were measured by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) of immunohistochemical stains. Pathological graphic analysis system was used for semi-quantitative estimate. Levels of SLEDAI, C3, serum creatinin and 24-hour proteinuria were also detected. Finally the relationshipbetween the two factors with clinical data was analyzed. The ANOVA test was used for intergroup comparison, and SNK-q test was used for the two groups comparison. Pearson's analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results The AT1R [(10.55 ±0.31)% vs (7.04 ±0.11)%] and HIF-1α [(10.51 ±0.52)% vs (8.96 ±0.31)%] in the glomeruli of typeⅠLN was significantly higher than healthy controls(all P<0.05). In the early phase of LN, RAS was activated and tissues were ischemic and hypoxic. The highest expression of AT1R (18.22 ± 2.11)% and HIF-1α (19.48 ±0.61)% in glomeruli was found in type Ⅳ LN, especially in juxtaglomerular apparatus, AT1R (19.98 ±0.21)% and HIF-1α(24.90 ±0.70)%. AT1R was positively correlated with HIF-1αin the glomer-ulus (r=0.949, P<0.01) and juxtaglomerular apparatus (r=0.762, P<0.05). AT1R and HIF-1αin juxtaglomerular apparatus was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria (r=0.756, P<0.05 and r=0.802, P<0.05). Conclusion High expressions of AT1R and HIF-1α have been shown in active LN biopsies. It proves that RAS is activated by ischemia and hypoxia, then it up-regulates HIF-1α expression. Our results suggest that the two factors may be associated with disease activity of LN.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Rheumatology Year: 2017 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Rheumatology Year: 2017 Type: Article