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Urodynamic analysis of extraperitoneal Studer orthotropic ileal neobladder following radical cystectomy / 中华泌尿外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 183-187, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745571
Objective To evaluate changes of the urodynamics of extraperitoneal Studer orthotropic ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy.Methods Between July 2013 and October 2017,Retrospective analysis was performed on 58 bladder cancer patients.58 patients who underwent retrograde extraperitoneal approach of radical cystectomy and Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder.The patients were comprised of 56 male and 2 female patients with average age of 62 years.There were 9 cases of T1,26 cases of T2,20 cases of T3,and 3 cases of T4.All operations were completed by open suprapubic extraperitoneal approach,then entered the abdominal cavity.An ileal segment 50-55 cm long was isolated which was 25 cm proximal to the ileocecum.The 35-40 cm ileal segment was detubularized along its antimesenteric border.The anterior wall was folded forward with U-shaped and the edges were sutured to formed a neobladder.The proximal 15cm was reserved for the double isoperistaltic afferent limb.The lowest part of the neobladder was anastomosed with urethral stump,the peritoneum was closed at the mesentery,and the neobladder was completely placed extraperitoneal.Upper urinary tract function was examined by renal function test,enhanced CT,IVU or cystography.Uroflowmetry,urodynamic evaluation,diurnal and nocturnal continence were performed at 3,6,12,24 months following the surgery.Results After removed of the catheter,all patients were able to urinate through the urethra.The 3,6,12,24 month follow-up data of urodynamic were compared.The maximum neobladder capacity was[(378 ±66) vs.(381 ± 102)vs.(438 ± 75)vs.(472 ±96)] ml,the maximum flow rate [(10.2 ± 2.8) vs.(14.9 ± 4.3) vs.(16.4 ± 3.6) vs.(17.6 ± 2.1)] ml/s,maximum bladder pressure during filling was [(23.0 ± 4.6) vs.(21.7 ± 7.1) vs.(20.6 ± 6.4) vs.(18.8 ±6.3)] cmH2 O,the PVR was[(68.0 ± 33.2) vs.(36.2 ± 10.1) vs.(30.6 ± 11.9) vs.(14.0 t 9.6)] ml.There were significant differences between the 6-month and 12-month.There were no significant differences in the maximum bladder pressure during flowing [(38.6 ± 7.4) vs.(49.2 ± 6.8) vs.(58.4 ± 10.5) vs.(56.8 ± 7.4)] cmH2O.53 cases were followed up 12 months after surgery.Excellent daytime and nighttime continence was 98% (52/53)and 83 % (44/53)in the first year.Mild unilateral hydronephrosis occurred in 2 cases 1 month after surgery.Blood electrolytes and renal function were within the normal range.1 case presented bilateral mild hydronephrosis 12 months after surgery,without bladder and ureter regurgitation.The blood electrolyte and renal function of the other patients were in normal range with no signs of ureteral stricture and upper urinary tract hydronephrosis.Conclusions Extraperitoneal Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder reduced the interference of postoperative intraperitoneal intestinal tract on neobladder function.Postoperative patients have a smooth urination,a safe pressure during the storage period.The urination period,and the function of day and night urinary control is close to normal physiological characteristics.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2019 Type: Article





Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2019 Type: Article