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Effect of previous intestinal resection on postoperative anastomotic fistula in Crohn′s disease with intestinal resection and anastomosis / 中华普通外科杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870505
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To explore the effect of previous intestinal resection on anastomotic fistula within 30 days after surgery in Crohn′s disease.

Methods:

The clinical data from 92 Crohn′s disease patients who underwent intestinal resection and anastomosis at the Department of General Surgery in Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from Jan 2016 to Sep 2019. Patients were divided into no previous intestinal resection group ( n=45) and previous intestinal resection group ( n=47). The relationship between previous intestinal resection and postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with intestinal resection and anastomosis was analyzed.

Results:

A total of 11 cases (12% leak rate) underwent postoperative anastomotic leak. There were 2 leaks in patients with no previous history of intestinal resection, while 9 leaks in patients with previous bowel resection (χ 2 =4.722, P=0.03). The OR of the postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with previous intestinal resection compared with no previous intestinal resection group was 5.092 (95% CI 1.035-25.048). Patients with 1 previous resection (24 cases) had a leak rate of 13%, whereas patients with >1 previous resection episodes (23 cases) had a leak rate of 26%. The number of previous resection episodes correlated with an increasing risk for clinical anastomotic leak (correlation coefficien r=0.995).

Conclusions:

Previous intestinal resection is an independent risk factor for ensuing postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with intestinal resection and anastomosis.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of General Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of General Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article