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Lokomat training can significantly improve the walking ability of stroke survivors with lower limb spasm / 中华物理医学与康复杂志
Article in Zh | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933968
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To explore the effect of Lokomat training on the walking ability of stroke survivors with lower limb spasm.

Methods:

Eighty stroke survivors with lower limb spasm were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 40. Their routine rehabilitation treatment included normal limb positioning, passive joint movement, turnover training and inclined bed standing training. In addition, the control group underwent flat-ground walking training, while the observation group was given Lokomat training 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Both groups were evaluated after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment in terms of their walking ability, degree of lower limb spasm, lower limb motor functioning, balance and ability in the activities of daily life.

Results:

After 4 and 8 weeks the number of patients walking independently was significantly greater in the observation group. Their average stride frequency, step length on the affected side, support phase time and proportion of weight borne on the affected side were all significantly better than the control group′s averages. At both time points significantly more patients of the observation group had normal lower limb muscle tone. The observation group′s average Fugl-Meyer score, Berg Balance Scale score and modified Barthel Index score had improved significantly compared with those before the treatment, and were significantly better than the control group′s averages at the same time point. After 8 weeks of treatment the average walking speed of the observation group was faster than that of the control group.

Conclusions:

Lokomat training can significantly improve the walking ability of stroke survivors with lower limb spasm in the short term. Longer-term training can consolidate the effect and further improve the walking speed, motor function in the lower limbs, balance and even facility in daily life activities, as well as relieving spasm.
Key words
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Year: 2022 Type: Article
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Year: 2022 Type: Article