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Reclassification of flat type sudden deafness / 中华耳鼻咽喉头颈外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 111-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971417
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To reclassify the flat type sudden deafness according to the types of audiogram shape, and to explore the correlation between different pattern of hearing loss and prognosis.

Methods:

All of 1 024 patients with unilateral sudden deafness (492 males and 532 females, aged from 19 to 65 years, with an average age of 41.2 years old) admitted to 33 hospitals nationwide from August 2007 to October 2011 were divided into four types according to Chinese Guideline of Sudden Deafness(2015) low-frequency, high-frequency, flat and total deafness. Then, 402 patients with flat type sudden deafness were further divided into ascending type, descending type and consistent type according to the audiogram shapes. First, we compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis among these three subtypes of flat deafness, then compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis between ascending flat deafness and low-frequency deafness, descending flat deafness and high-frequency deafness, consistent flat deafness and total deafness, explored the factors related to the prognosis of flat deafness. SPSS 21.0 software, ANOVA, χ2 test, t-test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the data.

Results:

The cure rates of flat ascending, flat descending and flat consistent sudden deafness groups were 70.7%, 17.1% and 34.0% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=33.984, P<0.001); However, there was no significant difference in age, sex and affected side (all P>0.05). The independent related factors for the recovery of flat type sudden deafness were as follows whether there was dizziness [OR=0.459; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.271-0.777], the type of audiogram shape (OR=0.721; 95%CI 0.530-0.981), and days from onset to therapy (OR=0.903, 95%CI 0.835-0.978), all of which had P values<0.05. There was no significant difference in the cure rates between ascending flat sudden deafness and low-frequency descending sudden deafness, descending flat sudden deafness and high-frequency descending sudden deafness (all P>0.05). The pure tone average(PTA) of flat consistent sudden deafness and total deafness were (69.1±18.9) and (101.7±17.7) dB HL, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (t=20.890, P<0.001), and the cure rates were 34.0% and 14.5%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=29.012, P<0.001).

Conclusion:

According to the audiogram shape, the flat type sudden deafness can be further divided into ascending flat sudden deafness, descending flat sudden deafness and consistent flat sudden deafness, which can more effectively evaluate the prognosis. The cure rate of ascending flat sudden deafness is similar to that of low-frequency sudden deafness, and the prognosis is well; The cure rate of descending flat sudden deafness is similar to that of high-frequency descending sudden deafness, and the prognosis is poor. The cure rate of consistent flat sudden deafness is higher than that of total deafness. PTA plays an important role in the prognosis of consistent flat sudden deafness and total deafness. Total deafness can be regarded as a single type of sudden deafness.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Vertigo / Deafness / Hearing Loss, Sudden / Hearing Loss, Unilateral / Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / Hearing Tests Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Year: 2023 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Vertigo / Deafness / Hearing Loss, Sudden / Hearing Loss, Unilateral / Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / Hearing Tests Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Year: 2023 Type: Article