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Prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury behavior among Chinese adolescents with depression: a Meta-analysis / 四川精神卫生
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 331-336, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987392
ABSTRACT
ObjectiveTo analyze the prevalence rate of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior in Chinese adolescents with depression, so as to provide references for the intervention of NSSI behavior in adolescents with depression. MethodsThe literature databases such as CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, China Biology Medicine Disc, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase were searched via computer for the cross-sectional studies related to the prevalence of NSSI behavior in adolescents with depression published from inception to February, 2020. Then the eligibility assessment, data extraction and assessment of methodological quality were performed independently by two reviewers, and the Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.4. ResultsA total of 2 238 adolescents in 10 studies were included. Meta-analysis yielded that the prevalence rate of NSSI behavior in Chinese adolescents with depression was 51% (95% CI: 43%~59%). Subgroup analysis of NSSI behavior in adolescents with depression implied that the prevalence rate was 36% (95% CI: 22%~50%) in female adolescents, which was higher than 18% (95% CI: 12%~24%) in male adolescents. The prevalence rate of NSSI behavior was 57% (95% CI: 38%~77%) in depression adolescents with suicidal ideation, which was higher than 4% (95% CI: 0~8%) in those without suicidal ideation. The prevalence rate of NSSI behavior was 54% (95% CI: 41%~67%) in depression adolescents diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), which was higher than 46% (95% CI: 40%~51%) in those diagnosed with the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10). The prevalence rate of NSSI behavior was 52% (95% CI: 41%~63%) in depression adolescents in the literatures with quality score of 7, which was close to 50% (95% CI: 44%~55%) in depression adolescents in the literatures with quality score of 6. The comparison of above subgroups all had statistical differences (P<0.05 or 0.01). ConclusionChinese adolescents with depression suffer a high prevalence rate of NSSI behavior, with higher prevalence in females than in males, and in those with suicidal ideation than in those without suicidal ideation.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Systematic reviews Language: Chinese Journal: Sichuan Mental Health Year: 2022 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Systematic reviews Language: Chinese Journal: Sichuan Mental Health Year: 2022 Type: Article