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Repair of soft tissue defect of ankle and foot with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery / 中华显微外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 613-616, 2022.
Article in Zh | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995454
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To investigate the clinical effect of propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in repairing soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.

Methods:

From August 2018 to August 2021, 15 cases of soft tissue defect of ankle and foot were repaired with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Baoji Third Hospital. Among them, there were 7 cases with soft tissue defect in heel, 6 cases in lateral ankle and 2 cases in front of ankle. The size of defects was 3.0 cm×3.5 cm-5.5 cm×4.0 cm, and the size of flaps was 5.0 cm×4.5 cm-12.0 cm×6.0 cm. In 7 cases, the donor sites were closed directly with the aid of small paddle. The donor sites in other cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft after the wounds were narrowed by pull-up suture. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by follow-up at outpatient clinic and via telephone or WeChat interviews. Functional recovery was evaluated according to the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society (AOFAS) -Marylad.

Results:

Among the 15 flaps, 2 had distal necrosis and healed after dressing change; One flap was swelling and had venous osculation, but relived 2 weeks later. The rest of the 12 flaps survived smoothly. At the final follow-up the shape and texture of the flap were good, and the protective feeling was restored; The ankle also recovered the normal flexion, extension and weight-bearing. According to the AOFAS-Marylad, function recovery were excellent in 9 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 2 cases.

Conclusion:

It is simple, safe and reliable to repair the soft tissue defect of foot and ankle with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery. It does not sacrifice the main blood vessels of limb, and the blood supply of the flap is reliable. It is an ideal operation for repairing the soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.
Key words
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Microsurgery Year: 2022 Type: Article
Full text: 1 Index: WPRIM Language: Zh Journal: Chinese Journal of Microsurgery Year: 2022 Type: Article