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Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553825

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O conhecimento da magnitude em que a população implementa medidas de proteção emitidas pelas autoridades de saúde pública é essencial na prevenção da doença do novo coronavírus (COVID-19). A eficácia de medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção e das políticas públicas destinadas a reduzir o contágio pela COVID-19 depende de quão bem os indivíduos são informados sobre as consequências da infecção e as medidas que devem adotar para reduzir sua propagação. O entendimento, as atitudes e as práticas das pessoas em relação à COVID-19 e sua prevenção são basilares para a compreensão da dinâmica epidemiológica, demandando a realização de pesquisas sobre o cumprimento de medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção do contágio em diversos territórios. Para isso, em 2020, medidas não farmacológicas contra a COVID-19 foram divulgadas por fontes diversas, estatais e privadas, para a maior parte da população brasileira, com a finalidade de orientar comportamentos para conter a crise sanitária. As equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família têm um papel fundamental neste processo de educação em saúde, pois compreendem elementos socioculturais das suas comunidades, alcançando-as tanto em capilaridade quanto em adequação local da informação técnico-científica. Este artigo abrange uma pesquisa de campo, parte de um projeto multicêntrico nacional. Objetivo: Avaliar se a população do território de uma unidade da Estratégia Saúde da Família da cidade de Condado-PE entende e aplica as informações que recebeu sobre medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção em suas práticas de proteção contra a COVID-19. Mais especificamente, a pesquisa visou determinar que informações foram recebidas pelos respondentes, quais as suas fontes, o grau de confiabilidade atribuído a estas, além da adesão deles às medidas não farmacológicas e sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas. Métodos: O modelo do estudo foi observacional e descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, a partir da coleta de dados primários com 70 usuários por entrevista presencial com questionário estruturado. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a população recebeu vasta informação sobre prevenção da doença. Conclusão: Com níveis variados de confiabilidade das fontes, atribuindo importância relevante às medidas de prevenção e adotou a maioria delas, com exceção do isolamento social total.


Introduction: Knowledge of the magnitude to which the population implements protective measures issued by public health authorities is essential in preventing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The effectiveness of non-pharmacological prevention measures (NPM) and public policies aimed at reducing the spread of COVID-19 depends on how well individuals are informed about the consequences of the infection and the measures they must adopt to reduce its spread. The understanding, attitudes, and practices of people in relation to COVID-19 and its prevention are fundamental for understanding the epidemiological dynamics, demanding research on compliance with NPM to prevent contagion in different territories. To this end, in 2020, NPM against COVID-19 were released by various sources, state and private, for most of the Brazilian population, with the aim of guiding behaviors to contain the health crisis. The Family Health Strategy (FHS) teams play a key role in this health education process, as they comprise sociocultural elements of their communities, reaching them both in capillarity and in local adequacy of technical-scientific information. This article covers field research, part of a national multicenter project. Objective: To evaluate whether the population of the territory of an FHS unit in the city of Condado, Pernambuco, understands and applies the information it received about NPM prevention in their practices to protect against COVID-19. More specifically, the research aimed to determine what information was received by the respondents, what are their sources, the degree of reliability attributed to these, in addition to their adherence to the NPM and their relationship with sociodemographic variables. Methods: The study model was observational and descriptive, with a quantitative approach, based on the collection of primary data with 70 users through face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire. Results: The results showed that the population received extensive information on disease prevention. Conclusion: With varying levels of reliability of the sources, attributing relevant importance to prevention measures and adopted most of them, with the exception of total social isolation.


El conocimiento de la magnitud con la que la población implementa las medidas de protección emitidas por las autoridades de salud pública es fundamental en la prevención de la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). La efectividad de las medidas de prevención no farmacológicas (MFN) y de las políticas públicas dirigidas a reducir la propagación de la COVID-19 depende de qué tan bien se informe a las personas sobre las consecuencias de la infección y las medidas que deben adoptar para reducir su propagación. La comprensión, actitudes y prácticas de las personas con relación al COVID-19 y su prevención son fundamentales para comprender la dinámica epidemiológica, exigiendo investigaciones sobre el cumplimiento de las MNF para prevenir el contagio en diferentes territorios. Con ese fin, en 2020, MNF contra el COVID-19 fueron divulgados por diversas fuentes, estatales y privadas, para la mayoría de la población brasileña, con el objetivo de orientar comportamientos para contener la crisis sanitaria. Los equipos de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ESF) juegan un papel fundamental en este proceso de educación en salud, ya que integran elementos socioculturales de sus comunidades, alcanzándolas tanto en la capilaridad como en la adecuación local de la información técnico-científica. Este artículo aborda una investigación de campo, parte de un proyecto multicéntrico nacional, con el objetivo de evaluar si la población del territorio de una unidad de la ESF en la ciudad de Condado-PE comprende y aplica la información recibida sobre la prevención de MNF en sus prácticas de protección contra el COVID -19. Más específicamente, la investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar qué información recibieron los encuestados, cuáles son sus fuentes, el grado de confiabilidad atribuido a estas, además de su adherencia al MNF y su relación con variables sociodemográficas. El modelo de estudio fue observacional y descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, basado en la recolección de datos primarios con 70 usuarios a través de entrevistas cara a cara con un cuestionario estructurado. Los resultados mostraron que la población recibió amplia información sobre prevención de la enfermedad, con diversos niveles de confiabilidad de las fuentes, atribuyendo importancia relevante a las medidas de prevención y adoptando la mayoría de ellas, con excepción del aislamiento social total.

2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e74342, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as representações sociais da autoproteção profissional e pessoal dos enfermeiros no contexto da Covid-19. Método: estudo descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, pautado na Teoria das Representações Sociais, abordagem processual. Participaram 30 enfermeiros que realizaram cuidados de enfermagem a pacientes com Covid-19, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista semiestruturada entre abril e maio 2021, realizada em plataforma online. O tratamento dos dados foi realizado com a técnica de análise de conteúdo temático-categorial. Resultado: a análise resultou em quatro categorias: Representações sociais e práticas relativas a Covid-19; Representações sociais da autoproteção; Desafios no enfrentamento da Covid-19: autoproteção pessoal e profissional; e Estrutura e fluxo de atendimento e sua relação com a autoproteção profissional. Considerações finais: houve engajamento dos profissionais no uso dos EPI na pandemia, o que aponta uma preocupação quanto à autoproteção na prestação de cuidados à pacientes com a Covid-19.


Objective: to analyze the social representations of professional and personal self-protection among nurses in the context of Covid-19. Method: a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, based on the Social Representations Theory, using a procedural approach. Thirty nurses who provided nursing care to Covid-19 patients in the State of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. Data collection took place through semi-structured interviews between April and May 2021, conducted on an online platform. Data analysis was performed using the thematic-categorical content analysis technique. Results: The analysis resulted in four categories of social representations and practices related to challenges in coping with Covid-19: personal and professional self-protection; Care structure and flow and its relationship with professional self-protection. Final considerations: There was engagement of professionals in the use of PPE during the pandemic, indicating a concern regarding self-protection in providing care to patients with Covid-19.


Objetivo: analizar las representaciones sociales de la autoprotección profesional y personal de los enfermeros en el contexto del Covid-19. Método: estudio descriptivo, con enfoque cualitativo, basado en la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales, enfoque procesal. Participaron 30 enfermeros que brindaron cuidados de enfermería a pacientes con Covid-19 en el Estado de Río de Janeiro. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas entre abril y mayo de 2021, realizadas en una plataforma online. El procesamiento de los datos se realizó mediante la técnica de análisis de contenido temático categorial. Resultado: del análisis surgieron cuatro categorías: Representaciones sociales y prácticas relacionadas con el Covid-19; Representaciones sociales de la autoprotección; Desafíos de enfrentar el Covid-19: autoprotección personal y profesional; y Estructura y flujo de atención y su relación con la autoprotección profesional. Consideraciones finales: los profesionales demostraron compromiso en el uso de EPP durante la pandemia, lo que indica que se preocupaban por autoprotegerse durante la atención a pacientes con Covid-19.

3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e76360, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554750

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a representação social da Covid-19 para a população geral de uma cidade de pequeno porte do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Método: estudo qualitativo, apoiado na abordagem estrutural das representações sociais. Participaram 100 usuários de serviços de saúde. Os dados foram coletados por questionário sociodemográfico de evocações livres de palavras e roteiro de entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados foram analisados com o auxílio dos softwares Excel, EVOC 2005 e análise de conteúdo temático-categorial para contextualização das evocações respectivamente. Resultados: os termos do possível núcleo central foram: morte, sofrimento, cuidados, ansiedade-angústia e vacina. Na primeira periferia: medo e prevenção. À segunda periferia: informação-desinformação; desgoverno; ter-fé e proteção. A zona de contrate: doença; isolamento-social; dificuldades; catástrofe-mundial; desemprego e pandemia. Considerações finais: marcaram essa representação os impactos psicossociais negativos resultantes da desestruturação da vida e das mortes ocasionadas pela nova doença, no entanto o grupo aderiu as medidas de cuidados de proteção.


Objective: to analyze the social representation of Covid-19 among the general population of a small-sized city in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Method: Qualitative study, based on the structural approach of social representations. One hundred healthcare service users participated. Data were collected through a sociodemographic questionnaire, free word evocation, and a semi-structured interview guide. The data were analyzed using Excel software, EVOC 2005, and thematic-categorical content analysis for contextualization of the evocations, respectively. Results: the terms of the possible central core were: death, suffering, care, anxiety-distress, and vaccine. In the first periphery: fear and prevention. In the second periphery: information-misinformation; mismanagement; having faith and protection. The contrast zone: disease; social isolation; difficulties; global catastrophe; unemployment; and pandemic. Final considerations: this representation was marked by the negative psychosocial impacts resulting from the disruption of life and the deaths caused by the new disease; however, the group adhered to protective care measures.


Objetivo: analizar la representación social del Covid-19 para la población general de una pequeña ciudad del Estado de Río de Janeiro. Método: estudio cualitativo, basado en el enfoque estructural de las representaciones sociales. Participaron 100 usuarios de servicios de salud. Los datos se recolectaron mediante un cuestionario sociodemográfico con evocación libre de palabras y una guía de entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando lo software Excel y EVOC 2005 y análisis de contenido temático-categórico para contextualizar las evocaciones respectivamente. Resultados: los términos del posible núcleo central eran: muerte, sufrimiento, cuidados, ansiedad-angustia y vacuna. En la primera periferia: miedo y prevención. En la segunda periferia: información-desinformación; desgobierno; tener fe y protección. La zona de contraste: enfermedad; aislamiento-social; dificultades; catástrofe-mundial; desempleo y pandemia. Consideraciones finales: esta representación se caracterizó por los impactos psicosociales negativos derivados de la desestructuración de la vida y de las muertes causada por la nueva enfermedad, sin embargo, el grupo adhirió a las medidas de protección.

4.
Univ. salud ; 26(2): D16-D27, mayo-agosto 2024. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553971

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pandemia por COVID-19 ha afectado significativamente la calidad de los servicios de cuidado de la salud. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos en los atributos de la calidad en salud de los servicios de atención de enfermedades diferentes a la COVID-19 en Colombia, durante el periodo 2020-2022. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron 24 artículos de alcance nacional y otros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander y Cundinamarca. Resultados: La pandemia por COVID-19 impactó la calidad de los servicios en la atención de enfermedades como cáncer, accidentes cerebrovasculares y de eventos como la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. Conclusión: La calidad de la salud se vio afectada en todas sus dimensiones durante las fases de la pandemia, especialmente en la población con enfermedades crónicas y relacionadas con la salud infantil y materna. Además, se destacaron respuestas como el uso de la telemedicina y de la atención domiciliaria para contribuir a la calidad de la salud en Colombia.


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected the quality of health care services. Objective: To analyze the effects of COVID-19 on the quality of health care services focused on treating diseases other than COVID-19 in Colombia during the 2020-2022 period. Materials and methods: 24 articles were analyzed, which included some studies focused on national issues and others specific to the departments of Antioquia, Cordoba, Santander, and Cundinamarca. Results: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the quality of health services caring for diseases such as cancer, strokes, and critical circumstances like voluntary termination of pregnancy. Conclusion: All dimensions of health care were affected during the pandemic, especially impacting populations with chronic diseases and diseases related to child and maternal health. It is important to highlight that telemedicine and home care contributed to improving the quality of health in Colombia.


Introdução: A pandemia de COVID-19 afetou significativamente a qualidade dos serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos da COVID-19 nos atributos de qualidade em saúde dos serviços de atenção a outras doenças além da COVID-19 na Colômbia, durante o período 2020-2022. Materiais e métodos: foram analisados 24 artigos de âmbito nacional e outros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander e Cundinamarca. Resultados: A pandemia da COVID-19 impactou a qualidade dos serviços no cuidado de doenças como câncer, acidente vascular cerebral e eventos como a interrupção voluntária da gravidez. Conclusão: A qualidade da saúde foi afetada em todas as suas dimensões durante as fases da pandemia, especialmente na população com doenças crônicas e doenças relacionadas à saúde infantil e materna. Além disso, foram destacadas respostas como o uso da telemedicina e do atendimento domiciliar para contribuir para a qualidade da saúde na Colômbia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Health Services Accessibility
5.
Can J Kidney Health Dis ; 11: 20543581241256735, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827141

ABSTRACT

Background: There are several steps patients and their health care providers must navigate to access kidney transplantation in British Columbia (BC). Objective: We explored perceptions and experiences with the pretransplant process across BC to determine where process improvements can be made to enhance access to transplantation. Design: Anonymous surveys were sent online and via post to health care providers (including nephrologists, registered nurses, and coordinators) and patients across BC. Setting: Kidney care clinics, transplant regional clinics, and provincial transplant centers in BC. Measurements: Surveys included Likert scale questions on the current pretransplant process and transplant education available in BC. The health provider survey focused on understanding the pretransplant process, knowledge, roles, and communication while the patient survey focused on patient education and experience of the pretransplant processes. Results: A total of 100 health care providers and 146 patients responded. Seventy-six percent of health care providers understood their role and responsibility in the pretransplant process, while only 47% understood others' roles in the process. Fifty-nine percent of health care respondents felt adequately supported by the provincial donor and transplant teams. Seventy-one percent of registered nurses and 92% of nephrologists understood transplant eligibility. About 68% and 77% of nurses and nephrologists, respectively, reported having enough knowledge to discuss living donation with patients. Fifty percent of patients had received transplant education, of which 60% had a good grasp of the pretransplant clinical processes. Sixty-three percent felt their respective kidney teams had provided enough advice and tools to support them in finding a living donor. Fifty percent of patients reported feeling up to date with their status in the evaluation process. Limitations: This analysis was conducted between December 2021 and June 2022 and may need to account for practice changes that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. Responses are from a selection of health care providers, thus acknowledging a risk of selection bias. Furthermore, we are not able to verify patients who reported receiving formal transplant education from their health care providers. Conclusions: Exploring these themes suggests communication with regional clinics and transplant centers can be improved. In addition, patient and staff education can benefit from education on kidney transplantation and the pretransplant clinical processes. Our findings provide opportunities to develop strategies to actively address modifiable barriers in a patient's kidney transplantation journey.


Contexte: En Colombie-Britannique (C.-B.), pour accéder à la transplantation, les patients et leurs prestataires de soins doivent traverser plusieurs étapes. Objectif: Nous avons exploré les perceptions et expériences en lien avec le processus de pré-transplantation dans toute la Colombie-Britannique, afin de cibler les améliorations qui pourraient y être apportées pour faciliter l'accès à la transplantation. Conception: Des sondages anonymes ont été envoyés en ligne et par la poste aux prestataires de soins de santé (notamment des néphrologues, des infirmières autorisées et des coordonnateurs) et aux patients de partout en Colombie-Britannique. Cadre de l'étude: Cliniques de soins rénaux, cliniques régionales de transplantation et centres provinciaux de transplantation en Colombie-Britannique. Mesures: Les sondages comprenaient des questions à échelles de Likert portant sur le processus actuel de pré-transplantation et l'éducation offerte sur la transplantation en Colombie-Britannique. Le sondage destiné aux prestataires de soins portait sur leur compréhension du processus de pré-transplantation, leurs connaissances, leurs rôles et la communication; le sondage destiné aux patients portait sur l'éducation reçue et leur expérience des processus de pré-transplantation. Résultats: En tout, 100 prestataires de soins et 146 patients ont répondu au sondage. Parmi les prestataires de soins, 76 % comprenaient leur rôle et leurs responsabilités dans le processus de pré-transplantation, mais 47 % seulement comprenaient le rôle des autres prestataires de soins dans le processus. Une proportion de 59 % des intervenants en santé se sentait adéquatement appuyée par les équipes provinciales de dons d'organes et de transplantation. Une grande majorité des infirmières autorisées (71 %) et des néphrologues (92 %) comprenaient les critères d'admissibilité à la transplantation. Les infirmières (68 %) et les néphrologues (77 %) estimaient avoir suffisamment de connaissances pour discuter du don vivant avec les patients. Quant aux patients, 50 % avaient reçu de l'éducation sur la transplantation et, de ceux-ci, 60 % avaient une bonne compréhension des processus cliniques de pré-transplantation. La majorité des patients (63 %) estimaient avoir reçu suffisamment de conseils et d'outils de la part de leurs équipes de soins rénaux pour les aider à trouver un donneur vivant. La moitié des patients (50 %) pensaient connaître leur statut dans le processus d'évaluation. Limites: Cette étude a été réalisée entre décembre 2021 et juin 2022 et pourrait devoir tenir compte des changements de pratiques survenus pendant la pandémie de COVID-19. Les réponses provenant d'une sélection de prestataires de soins de santé, nous reconnaissons ainsi un possible biais de sélection. Enfin, nous ne sommes pas en mesure d'évaluer les patients qui ont déclaré avoir reçu de l'éducation formelle sur la transplantation de la part de leurs prestataires de soins. Conclusion: L'exploration de ces thèmes a suggéré que la communication avec les cliniques régionales et les centres de transplantation peut être améliorée. De plus, les patients et le personnel soignant pourraient tirer profit d'éducation sur la transplantation rénale et les processus cliniques de pré-transplantation. Nos résultats offrent des occasions d'élaborer des stratégies pour s'attaquer activement aux obstacles modifiables dans le parcours de transplantation rénale d'un patient.

6.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 13(4): 1460-1466, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827730

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the resilience of primary healthcare workers (HCWs) by determining the factors associated with developing resilience post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Study Design: A cross-sectional study in selected municipal hospitals. Methods: Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale was used to assess the resilience of the 245 HCWs, including the nurses and paramedics working in Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) hospitals in Pune City. Data were analysed using the Chi-square test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), independent-samples t-test and correlational analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 28. Results: The mean resilience score of the HCWs in PMC hospitals post-COVID-19 was 75.09 (±9.25). The score for hardiness, optimism, resourcefulness and purpose was 20.15 (±3.87), 21.22 (±3.39), 17.24 (±2.76) and 16.40 (±2.17), respectively. Seven factors were significantly associated with the resilience of nurses and paramedics, namely age (P < 0.001), work experience (P < 0.001), monthly income (P < 0.001), having faced financial problems during COVID-19 (P < 0.001), hospital setting (P < 0.05), marital status (P < 0.01) and professional category (P < 0.001). In addition, 60% of the participants reported mental health issues due to routine workloads such as irritation/anger, frustration and tension/worry, fatigue and work-related stress, and sadness and anxiety. Suggestions for improvement were mainly increasing human resources, proper management, skilled staff, improved facilities and funding, and cooperation among staff. Conclusion: The resilience of primary HCWs in Pune post-COVID-19 was higher than HCWs in other countries assessed during COVID-19. Further, resilience was found more among nurses than paramedics. Modifiable factors affecting resilience must be addressed to improve the resilience of HCWs to build everyday resilience and strengthen health systems for public health emergencies.

7.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 17: 2659-2669, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828267

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, millions of lives were lost globally, including in Indonesia. Some patients with COVID-19 may experience severe symptoms of hypoxia, while some may be critically ill and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for survival. Purpose: This study aimed to understand the lived experiences of COVID-19 ICU survivors who were in a critical condition. Methods: This phenomenological study used semistructured interviews with nine participants who were COVID-19 ICU survivors. Data analysis was performed using the Colaizzi approach. Results: The phenomenon of the lived experiences of COVID-19 ICU survivors was presented in seven subthemes and four main themes: struggling in a state of helplessness, fostering a positive spirit from within, amplifying the support from nurses and doctors, and strengthening the connection with family and the Almighty. These themes indicated the essential aspects of psychosocial support needed to boost strength and energy and elevate the body's immune system, which is crucial to champion life through critical conditions. Conclusion: The new insight resulting from the study is shown in the four main themes, which play a significant role in elevating the healing process and enabling patients to survive critical conditions. Therefore, this study recommends the importance of psychosocial support for patients with critical conditions, which involves family and their significant others, and facilitating the connection between the patient and God.

8.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2024 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829626
9.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; : 105047, 2024 May 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This report aimed to describe mortality at 18 months in older survivors of the first wave of COVID-19. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized for COVID-19 in the acute geriatric wards of 2 centers. METHODS: Characteristics of deceased and survivors were compared by Fisher exact, Mann-Whitney U, or 2-tailed t tests. Survival rates were analysed by Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: Of a total of 323 patients admitted during the first wave, 196 survived the acute phase, with 34 patients who died in the 18 months after hospital discharge (17.3%). Higher mortality was observed in patients living in nursing homes (P = .033) and in those who were hospitalized after discharge during the follow-up period (97.1% vs 72.8%, P = .001). There was no difference in survival curves according to age, sex, presence of dyspnea, and dementia. Living in a nursing home significantly increased the mortality rates in the multivariate model adjusted for age and sex (hazard ratio 3.07, 95% CI 1.47-6.40; P = .007). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: No excess mortality was observed during 18 months in older survivors of COVID-19. Living in a nursing home was associated with decreased survival rates.

10.
Vaccine ; 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Luxembourg experienced major consecutive SARS-CoV-2 infection waves due to Omicron variants during 2022 while having achieved a high vaccination coverage in 2021. We investigated the risk factors associated to severe outcomes (i.e., hospitalisation, deaths) and estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) as well as the role of immunity conferred by prior infections against severe outcomes in adults. METHODS: We linked reported SARS-CoV-2 cases among residents aged ≥ 20 years with vaccination data and SARS-CoV-2 related hospitalisations and deaths. Cases were followed-up until day 14 for COVID-19 related hospital admission and up to day 28 for mortality after a positive test. We analysed the association between the vaccination status and severe forms using proportional Cox regression, adjusting for previous infection, age, sex and nursing homes residency. VE was measured as 1-adjusted hazard ratio of vaccinated vs unvaccinated individuals. The population preventable fraction was computed using the adjusted hazard ratio and the proportion of cases within the vaccination category. RESULTS: Between December 2021, and March 2023, we recorded 187143 SARS-CoV-2 cases, 1728 (0.93%) hospitalizations and 611 (0.33%) deaths. The risk of severe outcomes increased with age, was higher among men and nursing home residents. Compared to unvaccinated adults, VE against hospitalization was 38.8% (95%CI: 28.1%-47.8%) for a complete primary cycle of vaccination, 62.1% (95%CI: 57.0%-66.7%) for one booster, and 71.6% (95%CI: 66.7%-76.2%) for two booster doses. VE against death was respectively 49.5% (95%CI: 30.8%-63.3%), 69.0% (95%CI: 61.2%-75.3%) and 76.2% (95%CI: 68.4%-82.2%). Previous infection was not associated with lower risk of hospitalisation or mortality. The vaccination lowered mortality by 55.8 % (95%CI: 46.3%-62.8%) and reduced hospital admissions by 49.1% (95%CI: 43.4%-54.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Complete vaccination and booster but not previous infection were protective against hospitalization and death. The vaccination program in Luxembourg led to substantial reductions in SARS-CoV-2-related mortality and hospitalizations at the population level.

11.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; : e12608, 2024 Jun 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825782

ABSTRACT

AIM: We investigated the levels of anxiety and the factors influencing it among Japanese nursing researchers before and after engaging in dispatch support activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study also tested the relationships between pre- and post-relief anxiety and their enhancing and buffering factors. METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted with 9832 members from the Japan Academy of Nursing Science, covering 15 items related to participant attributes such as age and disaster relief qualifications, factors affecting anxiety about support activities such as the content and duration of one activity, and the level of anxiety before and after activities. After performing multiple regression analyses on the effects of the attributes and the factors influencing anxiety before and after support activities, path analysis was conducted on the adopted independent variables to examine their influence on anxiety before and after support activities. RESULTS: Of the 886 participants, 82.3% were affiliated with educational institutions and 94.8% had no qualifications in disaster relief. Most of the support involved vaccination and activities at health centers. The relationship between pre- and post-relief activities and factors influencing anxiety constituted a high goodness-of-fit, with health center assistance being both a direct and indirect reinforcer of post-relief anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Participants expressed anxiety enhanced by activities at the health center both before and after support activities in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Intervention research should examine anxiety-buffering and -enhancing factors, and a support system to respond to rapidly increasing medical needs is necessary.

12.
Prim Health Care Res Dev ; 25: e32, 2024 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826073

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore how patients and general practice professionals in low-income neighborhoods experienced the increase of remote care during COVID-19. BACKGROUND: As the GP (general practitioner) is the first point of contact in Dutch health care, there are concerns about access to remote care for patients from low-income neighborhoods. Now that general practice professionals have returned to the pre-pandemic ways of healthcare delivery, this paper looks back at experiences with remote care during COVID-19. It investigates experiences of both patients and general practice professionals with the approachability and appropriateness of remote care and their satisfaction. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 78 patients and 18 GPs, 7 nurse practitioners and 6 mental health professionals were interviewed. Interviews were held on the phone and face-to-face in the native language of the participants. FINDINGS: Remote care, especially telephone consultation, was generally well-approachable for patients from low-income neighborhoods. Contrarily, video calling was rarely used. This was partly because patients did not know how to use it. The majority of patients thought remote care was possible for minor ailments but would also still like to see the doctor face-to-face regularly. Patients were generally satisfied with remote care at the time, but this did not necessarily reflect their willingness to continue using it in the future. Moreover, there was lack in consensus among general practice professionals on the appropriateness of remote care for certain physical and mental complaints. Nurse practitioners and mental health professionals had a negative attitude toward remote care. In conclusion, it is important to take the opinions and barriers of patients and care providers into account and to increase patient-centered care elements and care provider satisfaction in remote care. Integrating remote care is not only important in times of crisis but also for future care that is becoming increasingly digitalized.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , General Practice , Poverty , Qualitative Research , Humans , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Adult , Netherlands , Aged , Telemedicine , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Attitude of Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , Remote Consultation , Health Services Accessibility
13.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 2024 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831113

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fractures are severe injuries in geriatric patients. Additionally, geriatric patients are at a high risk of death due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of mortality in geriatric patients with COVID-19 and concurrent proximal femoral fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical treatment for proximal femoral fractures and also tested positive for COVID-19 were included. The age, gender, the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score and the admission from a nursing home were considered as variables. The rate of reoperations, the mortality at 3 months and discharge home were evaluated as outcomes. RESULTS: In this study 46 patients with COVID-19 (female/male 31/15, median age 87.0 years with an interquartile range [IQR] of 9.8 years) met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 32 patients (69.6%) had to be cared for in the intensive care unit and 26 patients (56.5%) had a severe course of COVID-19 with pneumonia. The median length of hospital stay for survivors was 19 (IQR 17.5) days and 4 of the patients (8.7%) required surgical revision. The in-hospital and 3­month mortality were 40.0% (n = 17) and 43.5% (n = 20), respectively. The factors which influenced the in-hospital and 3­month mortality rates were admission from a nursing home, the presence of pneumonia (increased the risk of death) and female gender (protective). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of COVID-19 in patients with proximal femoral fractures has a high mortality. Admission from a nursing home and the presence of pneumonia increased the risk of death, whereas women were at lower risk.

14.
Comput Inform Nurs ; 2024 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832886

ABSTRACT

Core nursing procedures are essential for nursing students to master because of their high frequency in nursing practice. However, the experience of performing procedures in actual hospital settings decreased during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, necessitating the development of various contents to supplement procedural training. This study investigated the effects of a straight catheterization program utilizing an immersive virtual reality simulation on nursing students' procedural performance, self-confidence, and immersion. The study employed a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design with 29 participants in the experimental group and 25 in the control group. The experimental group received training through a computer-based immersive virtual reality program installed in a virtual reality hospital, with three weekly sessions over 3 weeks. The control group underwent straight catheterization using manikin models. The research findings validated that virtual reality-based straight catheterization education significantly improved students' procedural skills, self-confidence, and flow state. Therefore, limited practical training can be effectively supplemented by immersive virtual reality programs.

15.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822734

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In response to a growing need for accessible, efficient, and effective palliative care services, we designed, implemented, and evaluated a novel palliative care at home (PC@H) model for people with serious illness that is centered around a community health worker, a registered nurse, and a social worker, with an advanced practice nurse and a physician for support. Our objectives were to measure the impact of receipt of PC@H on patient symptoms, quality of life, and healthcare utilization and costs. METHODS: We enrolled 136 patients with serious illness in this parallel, randomized controlled trial. Our primary outcome was change in symptom burden at 6 weeks. Secondary outcomes included change in symptom burden at 3 months, change in quality of life at 6 weeks and 3 months, estimated using a group t-test. In an exploratory aim, we examined the impact of PC@H on healthcare utilization and cost using a generalized linear model. RESULTS: PC@H resulted in a greater improvement in patient symptoms at 6 weeks (1.30 score improvement, n = 37) and 3 months (3.14 score improvement, n = 21) compared with controls. There were no differences in healthcare utilization and costs between the two groups. Unfortunately, due to the COVID-19 pandemic and a loss of funding, the trial was not able to be completed as originally intended. CONCLUSIONS: A palliative care at home model that leverages community health workers, registered nurses, and social workers as the primary deliverers of care may result in improved patient symptoms and quality of life compared with standard care. We did not demonstrate significant differences in healthcare utilization and cost associated with receipt of PC@H, likely due to inability to reach the intended sample size and insufficient statistical power, due to elements beyond the investigators' control such as the COVID-19 public health emergency and changes in grant funding.

16.
Res Nurs Health ; 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824392

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively affected research activities across various fields. This study aimed to determine nursing researchers' concerns about research activities during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan and subsequent changes brought on by it. For this study, we conducted descriptive statistics and text mining analyses using data from two surveys conducted by the Japan Academy of Nursing Science (JANS) in the early days of the pandemic (first survey: mid-2020) and after 2 years (second survey: early 2022). Concerns about research activities were observed in 89% and 80% of the nursing researchers in the first and second surveys, respectively. Furthermore, concerns about "Difficulty in collecting research data" and "Content and quality of your research" were stronger in the second survey. Text mining analyses revealed that in the first survey, they were concerned about environmental changes and restrictions when proceeding with research during the COVID-19 pandemic, which was unfamiliar at the time. In the second survey, after overcoming environmental changes in the early stages of the pandemic, nursing researchers' concerns shifted to anxiety about the future, such as concerns about degree acquisition, employment and career advancement, and research results. The current study highlights various concerns among nursing researchers regarding research activities that have evolved over time during the pandemic. Academic societies must flexibly construct support measures for nursing researchers when a new infectious disease occurs. Such measures should be sensitive to the prevailing social circumstances and the evolving needs of researchers.

17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834234

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Astragalus root extract on nurses suffering from post-COVID-19 chronic fatigue syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was designed as a triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial in Iran in 2023. 64 chronic fatigue syndrome nurses were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an intervention group (n=32) that received Astragalus root extract (500 mg two times per day) or a control group (n=32) that received a placebo. Changes in chronic fatigue syndrome scores were measured before to, at the end of and 1 month after the intervention. Data were analysed using descriptive and analytical statistics (T-tests, χ2, analysis of variances, Cochran's Q tests, McNemar and generalised estimating equations). RESULTS: In comparison to before, chronic fatigue prevalence decreased statistically significantly at the end of the intervention group (13.8%) and 1 month later (17.2%). Further, the frequency differed between before and after (p=0.0001) and 1 month later (p=0.0001). In the control group, chronic fatigue was statistically significantly different before and after the intervention (72.2%; p=0.003). Having an underlying disease (B=0.84, OR=2.33; p=0.04) and being in the control group (B=2.15, OR=12.36; p=0.01) increased the risk of chronic fatigue, whereas increasing the length of time decreased it (B=-0.67, OR=0.50; p=0.0001). CONCLUSION: Astragalus root extract has been shown to reduce chronic fatigue in nurses. Therefore, this herbal extract can be used to reduce the incidence and treatment of chronic fatigue in nurses.

18.
Nurs Ethics ; : 9697330241257570, 2024 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835110

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite nurses receiving education on how to respond during crises, the stress and demands arising from unprecedented situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may affect their work engagement. AIM: To appraise and synthesize studies examining work engagement among nurses in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: It is a systematic review in which three databases were searched. Critical appraisal tools and PRISMA guidelines were used. Content analysis was performed. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Ethical approval was not required for this systematic review. FINDINGS: A total of 21 studies were included. The results were classified into three categories: (1) levels and meanings of work engagement, (2) the relationship of work engagement with various factors, and (3) measures to enhance work engagement. CONCLUSION: The review revealed that nurses' work engagement varied from moderate to high. Factors such as education level and work schedule flexibility influenced their engagement. Positive associations were found between work engagement and job satisfaction, intention to stay, and organizational support, while stress and workload showed negative relationships. The crucial role of health policymakers, hospital administrators, and nurse managers in acting ethically, creating favorable working conditions and fostering nurses' work engagement was emphasized.

19.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e49450, 2024 Jun 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Construction and nursing are critical industries. Although both careers involve physically and mentally demanding work, the risks to workers during the COVID-19 pandemic are not well understood. Nurses (both younger and older) are more likely to experience the ill effects of burnout and stress than construction workers, likely due to accelerated work demands and increased pressure on nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, we analyzed a large social media data set using advanced natural language processing techniques to explore indicators of the mental status of workers across both industries before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: This social media analysis aims to fill a knowledge gap by comparing the tweets of younger and older construction workers and nurses to obtain insights into any potential risks to their mental health due to work health and safety issues. METHODS: We analyzed 1,505,638 tweets published on Twitter (subsequently rebranded as X) by younger and older (aged <45 vs >45 years) construction workers and nurses. The study period spanned 54 months, from January 2018 to June 2022, which equates to approximately 27 months before and 27 months after the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. The tweets were analyzed using big data analytics and computational linguistic analyses. RESULTS: Text analyses revealed that nurses made greater use of hashtags and keywords (both monograms and bigrams) associated with burnout, health issues, and mental health compared to construction workers. The COVID-19 pandemic had a pronounced effect on nurses' tweets, and this was especially noticeable in younger nurses. Tweets about health and well-being contained more first-person singular pronouns and affect words, and health-related tweets contained more affect words. Sentiment analyses revealed that, overall, nurses had a higher proportion of positive sentiment in their tweets than construction workers. However, this changed markedly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Since early 2020, sentiment switched, and negative sentiment dominated the tweets of nurses. No such crossover was observed in the tweets of construction workers. CONCLUSIONS: The social media analysis revealed that younger nurses had language use patterns consistent with someone experiencing the ill effects of burnout and stress. Older construction workers had more negative sentiments than younger workers, who were more focused on communicating about social and recreational activities rather than work matters. More broadly, these findings demonstrate the utility of large data sets enabled by social media to understand the well-being of target populations, especially during times of rapid societal change.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Adult , Nurses/psychology , Nurses/statistics & numerical data , Mental Health , Pandemics , Aging/psychology , Linguistics , Occupational Health , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Natural Language Processing
20.
Can J Nurs Res ; : 8445621241256702, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Creating a research program is a critical requirement for new PhD-prepared tenure-track nursing faculty in Canada. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present key findings of new faculty members focusing on facilitators and barriers to development of their research program. METHOD: We conducted focused ethnography research examining the experience of 17 new faculty members from across Canada. RESULTS: The following themes were identified: teaching release, preparation from PhD program, intense feelings, supports and processes, mentoring, obtaining grants, and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Implications for practice include identifying ways to facilitate faculty retention as they develop their research program. This research will be of interest to deans of nursing and new faculty members.

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