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1.
Environ Pollut ; 302: 119070, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231538

ABSTRACT

Long-term exposure to PM2.5 has been linked to lung cancer incidence and mortality, but limited evidence existed for other cancers. This study aimed to assess the association between PM2.5 on cancer specific mortality. An ecological study based on the cancer mortality data collected from 5,565 Brazilian cities during 2010-2018 using a difference-in-differences approach with quasi-Poisson regression, was applied to examine PM2.5-cancer mortality associations. Globally gridded annual average surface PM2.5 concentration was extracted and linked with the residential municipality of participants in this study. Sex, age stratified and exposure-response estimations were also conducted. Totalling 1,768,668 adult cancer deaths records of about 208 million population living across 5,565 municipalities were included in this study. The average PM2.5 concentration was 7.63 µg/m3 (standard deviation 3.32) with range from 2.95 µg/m3 to 28.5 µg/m3. With each 10 µg/m3 increase in three-year-average (current year and previous two years) concentrations of PM2.5, the relative risks (RR) of cancer mortality were 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-1.20) for all-site cancers. The PM2.5 exposure was significantly associated with several cancer-specific mortalities including oral, nasopharynx, oesophagus, and stomach, colon rectum, liver, gallbladder, larynx, lung, bone, skin, female breast, cervix, prostate, brain and leukaemia. No safe level of PM2.5 exposure was observed in the exposure-response curve for all types of cancer. In conclusion, with nationwide cancer death records in Brazil, we found that long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 increased risks of mortality for many cancer types. Even low level PM2.5 concentrations had significant impacts on cancer mortality.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Lung Neoplasms , Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Air Pollution/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure , Female , Humans , Male , Mortality , Particulate Matter/analysis
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-8, 01/jan./2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378478

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: descrever os aspectos epidemiológicos, espaciais e temporais da leishmaniose visceral humana, no município de Sobral, no período de 2007 a 2019. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo epidemiológico descritivo e ecológico de análise espacial e temporal, com uso dos programas Quantum-Gis e Joinpoint. Resultados: foram confirmados 316 casos novos, predominantemente, no sexo masculino, nas faixas etárias de 1 a 4 anos (26,3%) e de 20 a 39 anos (24,0%), na zona urbana. Febre (95,9%), fraqueza (85,1%), emagrecimento (80,1%), palidez (73,7%), esplenomegalia (75,6%) e hepatomegalia (69,3%) foram os sinais clínicos mais frequentes. A doença se concentrou em quatro bairros: Terrenos Novos, Centro, Expectativa e Sinhá Saboia, expressando áreas mais densas (quentes). A incidência e a letalidade foram crescentes no início do período e decrescentes no final, com uma inversão destes indicadores no ano de 2014. Conclusão: em Sobral, a leishmaniose visceral humana é um agravo considerado relevante para o serviço de vigilância em saúde com necessidade de intensificação das ações de controle entomológico, zoonótico e de manejo ambiental, principalmente nas áreas mais densas.


Objectives: the objective was to describe the epidemiological, spatial, and temporal aspects of human visceral leishmaniasis, in the municipality of Sobral, from 2007 to 2019. Methods: A descriptive, spatial and temporal ecological study was carried out using Quantum-Gis and Joinpoint programs. Results: 316 new cases were confirmed, predominantly in males, in the age groups of 1 to 4 years (26.3%) and 20 to 39 years (24.0%), mainly in the urban area. Fever (95.9%), weakness (85.1%), weight loss (80.1%), pallor (73.7%), splenomegaly (75.6%), and hepatomegaly (69.3%) were the most frequent clinical signs. The disease was concentrated in four neighborhoods (Terrenos Novos, Centro, Expectativa, and Sinhá Saboia), hot spots. The incidence and case-fatality increased at the beginning of the period but decreased at the end, with an inversion in these in the year 2014. Conclusion: In Sobral, human visceral leishmaniasis is a disease considered relevant to the health surveillance service, with the need to intensify entomological, zoonotic, and environmental management actions, especially in denser areas.


Subject(s)
Leishmaniasis, Visceral , Signs and Symptoms , Health Surveillance , Epidemiology , Mortality , Indicators and Reagents , Age Groups
3.
Article in English | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56248

ABSTRACT

[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To identify nationwide temporal trends and spatial patterns of gastric cancer–related mortality in Brazil. Methods. An ecological study was performed using death certificates registered from 2000 to 2019 in which gastric cancer was recorded as any cause of death (an underlying or associated cause). Trends over time were assessed using joinpoint regression models. Spatial and spatiotemporal clusters were identified by Kulldorff’s space–time scan statistics to identify high-risk areas. Results. In 276 897/22 663 091 (1.22%) death certificates gastric cancer was recorded as any cause of death. Age-adjusted gastric cancer–related mortality increased significantly over time (annual percentage change [APC]: 0.7, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.5 to 0.8). The increase in mortality was more pronounced in the less-developed North and Northeast Regions (North Region, APC: 3.1, 95% CI: 2.7 to 3.5; Northeast Region, APC: 3.1, 95% CI: 2.5 to 3.7). Eight spatiotemporally associated high-risk clusters of gastric cancer–related mortality were identified in the North, South, Northeast and Central–West Regions, as well as a major cluster covering a wide geographical range in the South and Southeast Regions of Brazil during the first years of the study period (2000 to 2009). Conclusions. More recently, during 2010 to 2019, clusters of gastric cancer have been identified in the Northeast Region. The nationwide increase in mortality in this analysis of 20 years of data highlights the persistently high burden of gastric cancer in Brazil, especially in socioeconomically disadvantaged regions. The identification of these areas where the population is at high risk for gastric cancer–related mortality emphasizes the need to develop effective and intersectoral control measures.


[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Identificar las tendencias temporales y los patrones espaciales de la mortalidad relacionada con el cáncer gástrico a nivel nacional en Brasil. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio ecológico, empleando certificados de defunción registrados entre los años 2000 y 2019 en los que se notificó cáncer gástrico como cualquier causa de muerte (subyacente o asociada). Se evaluaron las tendencias con el transcurso del tiempo mediante modelos de regresión de punto de inflexión (joinpoint). Se identificaron los conglomerados espaciales y espaciotemporales mediante la técnica estadística de exploración espaciotemporal de Kulldorff para determinar cuáles eran las áreas de alto riesgo. Resultados. En 276 897 de 22 663 091 certificados de defunción (1,22%), se registró cáncer gástrico como cualquier causa de muerte. La mortalidad relacionada con el cáncer gástrico ajustada por edad aumentó significativamente con el tiempo (cambio porcentual anual: 0,7; intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%: 0,5 a 0,8). El aumento de la mortalidad fue más acusado en la regiones Norte y Noreste, menos desarrolladas, (región Norte, cambio porcentual anual: 3,1, IC del 95%: 2,7 a 3,5; región Noreste, cambio porcentual anual: 3,1, IC del 95%: 2,5 a 3,7). Durante los primeros años del período de estudio (del 2000 al 2009), se identificaron ocho conglomerados de alto riesgo de mortalidad relacionada con el cáncer gástrico y con asociación espacial y temporal en las regiones Norte, Sur, Noreste y Centro-Oeste, así como un conglomerado importante que cubría un amplio rango geográfico en las regiones Sur y Sureste de Brasil. Conclusiones. Más recientemente, del 2010 al 2019, se han identificado conglomerados de cáncer gástrico en la región noreste. El aumento nacional de la mortalidad en este análisis de veinte años de datos destaca la carga persistentemente alta del cáncer gástrico en Brasil, especialmente en las regiones socioeconómicamente desfavorecidas. La identificación de estas áreas en que la población presenta un alto riesgo de mortalidad relacionada con el cáncer gástrico subraya la necesidad de elaborar medidas de control intersectoriales y efectivas.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Identificar tendências temporais e padrões espaciais de mortalidade relacionada ao câncer gástrico em todo o Brasil. Métodos. Realizou-se um estudo ecológico a partir de declarações de óbito registradas de 2000 a 2019 em que o câncer gástrico foi indicado como qualquer causa de morte (causa básica ou associada). As tendências ao longo do tempo foram avaliadas a partir de modelos de regressão por pontos de inflexão (joinpoint). Os aglomerados espaciais e espaço-temporais foram identificados por estatística de varredura espaçotemporal de Kulldorff para detectar áreas de alto risco. Resultados. O câncer gástrico foi registrado como qualquer causa de morte em 276.897/22.663.091 (1,22%) declarações de óbito. A mortalidade relacionada ao câncer gástrico ajustada por idade aumentou significativamente ao longo do tempo [variação percentual anual (VPA): 0,7, intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%: 0,5 a 0,8]. O aumento da mortalidade foi mais acentuado no Norte e Nordeste, regiões menos desenvolvidas (região Norte, VPA: 3,1, IC 95%: 2,7 a 3,5; região Nordeste, VPA: 3,1, IC 95%: 2,5 a 3,7). Identificaram-se oito aglomerados de alto risco de mortalidade relacionada ao câncer gástrico em associação espaço-temporal nas regiões Norte, Sul, Nordeste e Centro-Oeste, além de um grande aglomerado que abrangia uma larga faixa geográfica nas regiões Sul e Sudeste do Brasil durante os primeiros anos do período de estudo (2000 a 2009). Conclusões. Mais recentemente, no período de 2010 a 2019, identificaram-se aglomerados de câncer gástrico na região Nordeste. O aumento da mortalidade em todo o país nesta análise de dados relativos a 20 anos evidencia a persistência da alta carga de câncer gástrico no Brasil, sobretudo em regiões desfavorecidas do ponto de vista socioeconômico. A identificação dessas áreas em que a população corre alto risco de morte relacionada ao câncer gástrico enfatiza a necessidade de desenvolver medidas de controle efetivas e intersetoriais.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms , Time Series Studies , Spatial Analysis , Epidemiology , Mortality , Stomach Neoplasms , Time Series Studies , Spatial Analysis , Epidemiology , Mortality , Time Series Studies , Spatial Analysis , Epidemiology , Mortality
4.
BMJ Open ; 12(8): e059042, 2022 08 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aim to analyse the relationship between educational attainment and all-cause mortality of adults in the high-income Asia Pacific region. DESIGN: This study is a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis with no language restrictions on searches. Included articles were assessed for study quality and risk of bias using the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal checklists. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the overall effect of individual level educational attainment on all-cause mortality. SETTING: The high-income Asia Pacific Region consisting of Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam. PARTICIPANTS: Articles reporting adult all-cause mortality by individual-level education were obtained through searches conducted from 25 November 2019 to 6 December 2019 of the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Global Health (CAB), EconLit and Sociology Source Ultimate. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Adult all-cause mortality was the primary outcome of interest. RESULTS: Literature searches resulted in 15 345 sources screened for inclusion. A total of 30 articles meeting inclusion criteria with data from the region were included for this review. Individual-level data from 7 studies covering 222 241 individuals were included in the meta-analyses. Results from the meta-analyses showed an overall risk ratio of 2.40 (95% CI 1.74 to 3.31) for primary education and an estimate of 1.29 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.54) for secondary education compared with tertiary education. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that lower educational attainment is associated with an increase in the risk of all-cause mortality for adults in the high-income Asia Pacific region. This study offers empirical support for the development of policies to reduce health disparities across the educational gradient and universal access to all levels of education. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020183923.


Subject(s)
Health Inequities , Mortality , Adult , Asia/epidemiology , Humans , Japan , Republic of Korea , Singapore
5.
Natl Vital Stat Rep ; 71(1): 1-64, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947823

ABSTRACT

Objectives-This report presents complete period life tables for the United States by Hispanic origin, race, and sex, based on age-specific death rates in 2020.


Subject(s)
Hispanic or Latino , Life Expectancy , Age Distribution , Humans , Infant , Life Tables , Mortality , Sex Distribution , United States/epidemiology
6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 298, 2022 Aug 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922772

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The provinces in western China have undergone rapid urbanization and industrialization, particularly since the Chinese government launched the Great Western Development Strategy in 2000. We examined the time trends and contributions of age, period, and cohort effects to asthma incidence and mortality in Sichuan Province, a populous province in western China, from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: The data of Sichuan Province from 1990 to 2019 were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease study 2019. Trends and average annual percentage change were estimated using joinpoint regression. Age, period, and cohort effects were estimated using an age-period-cohort model with the intrinsic estimator method. RESULTS: In the latest period (2015-2019), the highest incidence of asthma was 2004.49/100,000 in children aged < 5 years, and the highest mortality rate was 22.04/100,000 for elderly people aged > 80 years. Age-standardized rates generally remained stable (95% confidence interval [CI] - 0.21, 0.11) for incidence and declined by 4.74% (95% CI - 5.09, - 4.39) for mortality over the last 30 years. After controlling for other effects, the age effect on asthma showed that the incidence rate ratio (RR) was highest in the < 5 years age group, and the mortality RR was highest in the > 80 years age group. The period effect on incidence and mortality decreased from 1990 to 2019, respectively. A cohort effect was found the incidence RR increased slowly from the early birth cohorts to the later birth cohorts, especially after the 2005 birth cohort, whereas the mortality RR continued to decline. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant effect of older age on the asthma mortality rate over the last 30 years, and the incidence rate in children aged < 5 years increased. The relative risk of asthma incidence in the later birth cohorts increased. Effective preventive measures and public health policies should be to protect children and elderly people from potentially harmful chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asthma/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cohort Effect , Cohort Studies , Humans , Incidence , Mortality
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(8): e059370, 2022 08 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To estimate smoking-related mortality and its contribution to educational inequalities in life expectancy in Spain. DESIGN: Nationwide, observational study from 2016 to 2019. Population-attributable fractions were used to estimate age, sex and education-specific cause-of-death smoking-attributable mortality. Life table techniques and decomposition methods were used to estimate potential gains in life expectancy at age 35 and the cause-specific contributions of smoking-related mortality to life expectancy differences across educational groups. SETTING: Spain. PARTICIPANTS: We use cause-specific mortality data from population registers and smoking prevalence from the National and the European Health Survey for Spain from 2017 and 2019/2020, respectively. RESULTS: We estimated 219 086 smoking-related deaths during 2016-2019, equalling 13% of all deaths, 83.7% of those in men. In the absence of smoking, potential gains in male life expectancy were higher among the low-educated than the high-educated (3.1 vs 2.1 years). For women, educational differences were less and also in the opposite direction (0.6 vs 0.9 years). The contribution of smoking to life expectancy differences between high-educated and low-educated groups accounted for 1.5 years among men, and -0.2 years among women. For men, the contribution of smoking to these differences was mostly driven by cancer in middle age, cardiometabolic diseases at younger ages and respiratory diseases at older ages. For women, the contribution to this gap, although negligible, was driven by cancer at older ages among the higher educated. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking remains a relevant preventable risk factor of premature mortality in Spain, disproportionately affecting life expectancy of low-educated men.


Subject(s)
Life Expectancy , Neoplasms , Adult , Cause of Death , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality , Smoking/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology
8.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955062

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to estimate respiratory disease hospitalization costs attributable to ambient temperatures and to estimate the future hospitalization costs in Australia. The associations between daily hospitalization costs for respiratory diseases and temperatures in Sydney and Perth over the study period of 2010-2016 were analyzed using distributed non-linear lag models. Future hospitalization costs were estimated based on three predicted climate change scenarios-RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The estimated respiratory disease hospitalization costs attributable to ambient temperatures increased from 493.2 million Australian dollars (AUD) in the 2010s to more than AUD 700 million in 2050s in Sydney and from AUD 98.0 million to about AUD 150 million in Perth. The current cold attributable fraction in Sydney (23.7%) and Perth (11.2%) is estimated to decline by the middle of this century to (18.1-20.1%) and (5.1-6.6%), respectively, while the heat-attributable fraction for respiratory disease is expected to gradually increase from 2.6% up to 5.5% in Perth. Limitations of this study should be noted, such as lacking information on individual-level exposures, local air pollution levels, and other behavioral risks, which is common in such ecological studies. Nonetheless, this study found both cold and hot temperatures increased the overall hospitalization costs for respiratory diseases, although the attributable fractions varied. The largest contributor was cold temperatures. While respiratory disease hospitalization costs will increase in the future, climate change may result in a decrease in the cold attributable fraction and an increase in the heat attributable fraction, depending on the location.


Subject(s)
Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Australia/epidemiology , Climate Change , Cold Temperature , Hospitalization , Hot Temperature , Humans , Mortality , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Temperature
9.
BMJ Open ; 12(8): e059964, 2022 08 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To measure sex differences in lifespan based on the probability of males to outlive females. DESIGN: International comparison of national and regional sex-specific life tables from the Human Mortality Database and the World Population Prospects. SETTING: 199 populations spanning all continents, between 1751 and 2020. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: We used the outsurvival statistic ( φ ) to measure inequality in lifespan between sexes, which is interpreted here as the probability of males to outlive females. RESULTS: In random pairs of one male and one female at age 0, the probability of the male outliving the female varies between 25% and 50% for life tables in almost all years since 1751 and across almost all populations. We show that φ is negatively correlated with sex differences in life expectancy and positively correlated with the level of lifespan variation. The important reduction of lifespan inequality observed in recent years has made it less likely for a male to outlive a female. CONCLUSIONS: Although male life expectancy is generally lower than female life expectancy, and male death rates are usually higher at all ages, males have a substantial chance of outliving females. These findings challenge the general impression that 'men do not live as long as women' and reveal a more nuanced inequality in lifespans between females and males.


Subject(s)
Life Expectancy , Longevity , Databases, Factual , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mortality , Probability
10.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0265709, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925908

ABSTRACT

The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) is a widely used data resource, representative in demographic profile, with accurate death recordings but it is unclear if mortality rates within CPRD GOLD are similar to rates in the general population. Rates may additionally be affected by selection bias caused by the requirement that a cohort have a minimum lookback window, i.e. observation time prior to start of at-risk follow-up. Standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) were calculated incorporating published population reference rates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), using Poisson regression with rates in CPRD GOLD contrasted to ONS rates, stratified by age, calendar year and sex. An overall SMR was estimated along with SMRs presented for cohorts with different lookback windows (1, 2, 5, 10 years). SMRs were stratified by calendar year, length of follow-up and age group. Mortality rates in a random sample of 1 million CPRD GOLD patients were slightly lower than the national population [SMR = 0.980 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.973, 0.987)]. Cohorts with observational lookback had SMRs below one [1 year of lookback; SMR = 0.905 (0.898, 0.912), 2 years; SMR = 0.881 (0.874, 0.888), 5 years; SMR = 0.849 (0.841, 0.857), 10 years; SMR = 0.837 (0.827, 0.847)]. Mortality rates in the first two years after patient entry into CPRD were higher than the general population, while SMRs dropped below one thereafter. Mortality rates in CPRD, using simple entry requirements, are similar to rates seen in the English population. The requirement of at least a single year of lookback results in lower mortality rates compared to national estimates.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Cause of Death , Cohort Studies , Humans , Selection Bias
11.
Multimedia | Multimedia Resources | ID: multimedia-9773

ABSTRACT

O vídeo explica o que é mortalidade. O aplicativo FioLibras é um projeto do Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Icict/Fiocruz), em parceria com o Núcleo de Estudos em Diversidade e Inclusão de Surdos da Universidade Federal Fluminense (Nuedis/UFF), e conta com financiamento do Fundo de Inovação da Fiocruz e do Ministério da Saúde, por meio do Programa Fiocruz de Fomento à Inovação (Inova Fiocruz).


Subject(s)
Mortality , Coronavirus Infections , Information Dissemination , Sign Language , e-Accessibility
12.
J. Transcatheter Interv ; 30(supl.1): 52-52, jul.,2022.
Article in Portuguese | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1381394

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Nefropatia induzida por contraste (NIC) é associada ao aumento significativo da morbidade e mortalidade nos pacientes com síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) submetidos a intervenções coronárias percutâneas diagnósticas ou terapêuticas. OBJETIVOS: Buscamos definir a incidência de NIC após procedimentos coronários diagnósticos e terapêuticos e avaliar os preditores para desfecho combinado (morte e necessidade de hemodiálise) em paciente portadores de SCA. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico randomizado com uma população de 882 pacientes com SCA que realizaram angiografia coronária em hospital público terciário, entre 2016-2018. Incluímos aqueles que utilizaram como contraste, o ioxaglato (baixa osmolaridade) ou iodixinol (isosmolar) e excluímos pacientes que utilizaram outros tipos de contraste ou já realizava hemodiálise. Todos os pacientes receberam hidratação padrão (0,5 a 1 ml/kg/h de soro fisiológico 0,9%) pré e pós-procedimento. O desfecho primário do estudo foi a incidência de NIC, definida como a elevação da creatinina acima de 25% ou aumento de 0,5mg/dL em relação ao valor basal; e o desfecho secundário foi a composição de morte cardíaca e hemodiálise em 30 dias. RESULTADOS: 882 pacientes foram incluídos em nossa análise. A média de idade da população foi de 65 anos (35% maior que 70 anos), sendo 67% do sexo masculino, 39% diabéticos e 25% com disfunção renal prévia (CKDEPI < 60 ml/min/1.73m2). Contraste de baixa osmolaridade foi usado em 50,7% casos. A média de creatinina pré-procedimento foi de 1,06 mg/dL e pós-procedimento de 1,12 mg/dL. O volume médio de contraste utilizado foi de 92 ml. 15,8% dos pacientes desenvolveram NIC. No seguimento de 30 dias, o desfecho combinado mortalidade e necessidade de hemodiálise ocorreu em 43 pacientes (4,9%). Análise multivariada: taxa de filtração glomerular (p=0,009 OR 0,97); Insuficiência cardíaca (IC) (p=0,013 OR 4,81); Choque cardiogênico (p=0,001 OR 17,63); NIC (p<0,001 OR 5,45); Tipo de contraste (p=0,049 OR 2,33). CONCLUSÕES: Nesta população, a incidência de NIC está de acordo com a literatura e foi associada a pouca ocorrência de eventos clínicos adversos relevantes. Os preditores independentes para mortalidade e necessidade de hemodiálise em 30 dias em pacientes com SCA foram taxa de filtração glomerular reduzida; IC, Choque cardiogênico, NIC e tipo de contraste. Observou-se que quem utilizou o iodixanol teve 2,3 vezes mais chances de apresentar o desfecho combinado comparado ao ioxaglato.


Subject(s)
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Kidney Diseases , Mortality , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Acute Coronary Syndrome
13.
J. Transcatheter Interv ; 30(supl.1): 52-52, jul.,2022.
Article in Portuguese | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1381398

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Nefropatia induzida por contraste é a terceira causa de lesão renal aguda em pacientes hospitalizados. A ocorrência é definida por uma elevação basal da creatinina de 25% (antes de realizar o procedimento de contraste) ou um aumento absoluto da creatinina de 0,5 mg /dL entre 2 e 7 dias após a administração do contraste. OBJETIVOS: Objetivou-se determinar a taxa de NIC nesta população. Secundariamente, avaliou-se também desfecho combinado de mortalidade e necessidade de hemodiálise nos primeiros 30 dias após o procedimento. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico randomizado com avaliação consecutiva de 734 pacientes com disfunção renal crônica (DRC) definida pelo CKDEPI < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 que realizaram cateterismo cardíaco e intervenções coronárias percutâneas (ICP) em hospital público terciário, entre 2016-2018. Incluímos aqueles que utilizaram como contraste, o ioxaglato (baixa osmolaridade) ou iodixinol (isosmolar) e excluímos pacientes que utilizaram outros tipos de contraste ou já realizava hemodiálise. Todos os pacientes receberam hidratação padrão (0,5 a 1 ml/kg/h de soro fisiológico 0,9%) pré e pós-procedimento. Foram coletados dados clínicos e do procedimento com seguimento clínico de 30 dias. RESULTADOS: 734 pacientes foram incluídos em nossa análise. A média de idade da população foi de 69 anos (53,5% > 70 anos), sendo 62% do sexo masculino, 7,5% com insuficiência cardíaca (IC), 47% diabéticos, 67% com dislipidemia e 87,6% com hipertensão arterial. Síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA) foi a apresentação clínica inicial em 30,5% desta amostra. CKDEPI médio de 56 ml/min/1.73m2. Contraste isosmolar foi utilizado em 50,1% casos. A média de creatinina pré-procedimento foi de 1,32 mg/dL e pós-procedimento de 1,36 mg/dL. O volume médio de contraste utilizado foi de 85 ml. 18% dos pacientes desenvolveram NIC. No seguimento de 30 dias, 30 (4,1%) pacientes apresentaram desfecho combinado. Análise multivariada para desfecho combinado: Volume de contraste (p=0,012 OR 0,97); IC (p=0,011 OR 5,52); Choque cardiogênico (p=0,035 OR 17,55) e NIC (p=0,001 OR 5,42) ajustado para idade, sexo e tipo de contraste. CONCLUSÕES: Nesta amostra consecutiva de pacientes com alto risco, as taxas de NIC estão de acordo com a literatura e foram associadas a pouca ocorrência de eventos clínicos adversos relevantes. Os preditores independentes para mortalidade e evolução para diálise em 30 dias em pacientes com DRC foram IC, Choque cardiogênico e NIC.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Acute Kidney Injury , Dialysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
14.
J. Transcatheter Interv ; 30(supl.1): 53-54, jul.,2022.
Article in Portuguese | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1381400

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A angiografia coronária para fins diagnóstico ou terapêutico representa inquestionável avanço no diagnóstico, manejo e estratificação de risco de uma série de condições clínicas cardiológicas. Observa-se que o número destes procedimentos tem aumentado progressivamente e a população submetida a eles é cada vez mais idosa e com mais comorbidades. Apesar dos potenciais benefícios, este método requer injeção de contraste endovenoso, o que, em alguns pacientes, podem levar à denominada Nefropatia Induzida por Contraste (NIC) e aumentar a mortalidade. OBJETIVOS: Objetivou-se determinar a taxa de NIC, definida como a elevação da creatinina acima de 25% ou aumento de 0,5mg/dL em relação ao valor basal. Secundariamente, avaliou-se também a mortalidade nos primeiros 30 dias após o procedimento. MÉTODOS: Metodologia: Foram avaliadas de maneira consecutiva e randomizada 996 pacientes com idade acima de 70 anos que realizaram cateterismo cardíaco e intervenções coronárias percutâneas (ICP) em hospital público terciário, entre 2016- 2018. Incluímos aqueles que utilizaram como contraste, o ioxaglato (baixa osmolaridade) ou iodixinol (isosmolar) e excluímos pacientes que utilizaram outros tipos de contraste ou já realizava hemodiálise. Todos os pacientes receberam hidratação padrão (0,5 a 1 ml/kg/h de soro fisiológico 0,9%) pré e pós-procedimento. Foram coletados dados clínicos, laboratoriais e angiográficos, com seguimento clínico de 30 dias. RESULTADOS: 996 pacientes foram incluídos em nossa análise. A média de idade da população foi de 76 anos, sendo 59,7% do sexo masculino, 44,3% diabéticos e 39,4% com disfunção renal prévia (Clearence de Creatinina < 0,001 OR 4,784). CONCLUSÕES: Nesta amostra consecutiva de pacientes com alto risco, as taxas de NIC estão de acordo com a literatura e foram associadas a pouca ocorrência de eventos clínicos adversos relevantes. O preditor independente para mortalidade em 30 dias em pacientes idosos foi a taxa de filtração glomerular.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Mortality , Renal Dialysis , Diagnosis
15.
Article in Portuguese | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56146

ABSTRACT

[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Analisar as tendências de incidência e mortalidade por COVID-19 no Brasil, nas unidades da fede- ração e nas capitais. Método. Realizou-se um estudo ecológico com dados de incidência e de mortalidade por COVID-19 referen- tes ao período de 25 de fevereiro de 2020 (primeiro caso notificado no Brasil) a 31 de julho de 2021. Os dados foram agrupados por mês para cálculo das taxas brutas (por 100 000 habitantes) e avaliação das tendências temporais das unidades da federação e de suas capitais. As modificações significativas nas tendências tem- porais foram analisadas pelo método de regressão por joinpoint. Resultados. Foram identificadas duas ondas de novos casos e óbitos. As unidades da federação com as maiores taxas de incidência foram Amapá, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondônia e Roraima; Amazonas e Rondônia tiveram as maiores taxas de mortalidade. Em geral, as taxas de incidência e mortalidade foram piores na segunda onda. Na primeira onda, a média de meses até o início de uma redução de casos novos foi maior nas capitais, enquanto na segunda onda, o início da redução demorou mais nos estados. Quanto aos óbitos, as capitais necessitaram de menos tempo para apresentar redução tanto na primeira quanto na segunda onda. Conclusão. A heterogeneidade regional detectada reforça a ideia de que a incidência e a mortalidade por COVID-19 estão associadas a fatores políticos, geográficos, culturais, sociais e econômicos.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To analyze the incidence and mortality trends from COVID-19 in Brazil as well as in federation units and their capitals. Method. An ecological study was performed using COVID-19 incidence and mortality data covering the period from 25 February 2020 (first case recorded in Brazil) to 31 July 2021. Data were grouped by month for calculation of crude rates (by 100 000 population) and assessment of time trends in federation units and capitals. Significant changes in time trends were analyzed by joinpoint regression. Results. Two waves of new cases and deaths were identified. The highest incidence rates were recorded in the states of Amapá, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondônia, and Roraima. The states of Amazonas and Rondônia had the highest mortality rates. In general, incidence and mortality rates were worse in the second wave. In the first wave, the mean number of months until the onset of reduction in new cases was higher in capitals, whe- reas in the second wave the onset of reduction in new cases took longer in the federation units. The decline in mortality began earlier in capital cities in both waves. Conclusion. The regional differences detected underscore the notion that COVID-19 incidence and mortality are associated with political, geographic, cultural, social, and economic factors.


[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Analizar las tendencias de la incidencia de COVID-19 y la mortalidad por esta enfermedad en Brasil (unidades federativas y capitales). Método. Se realizó un estudio ecológico con datos sobre incidencia de COVID-19 y la mortalidad por esta enfermedad en el período comprendido entre el 25 de febrero del 2020 (fecha del primer caso notificado en Brasil) y el 31 de julio del 2021. Los datos se agruparon por mes para calcular las tasas brutas (por 100 000 habitantes) y evaluar las tendencias temporales observadas en las unidades federativas y sus capitales. Las modificaciones significativas en las tendencias temporales se analizaron con el método de regresión de punto de inflexión (joinpoint). Resultados. Se identificaron dos olas de casos nuevos y muertes. Las unidades federativas con las mayores tasas de incidencia fueron Amapá, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondônia y Roraima; Amazonas y Rondônia tuvieron las mayores tasas de mortalidad. En general, la incidencia y la mortalidad fueron peores en la segunda ola. En la primera ola, el promedio de meses transcurridos hasta que empezó a reducirse el número de casos nuevos fue mayor en las capitales, mientras que, en la segunda ola, fue mayor en los estados. En ambas olas, el número de muertes se redujo en menos tiempo en las capitales. Conclusión. La heterogeneidad regional detectada refuerza la idea de que la incidencia de la COVID-19 y la mortalidad por esta enfermedad guardan relación con factores políticos, geográficos, culturales, sociales y económicos.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Incidence , Mortality , Brazil , Incidence , Mortality , Pandemics , Incidence , Mortality , Brazil
16.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 39(3): 105-113, jul-sep 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-204042

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El compromiso cardiovascular en la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) no necesariamente se presenta con los síntomas clásicos descriptos en la miocarditis. Es creciente la evidencia que demuestra compromiso cardiovascular subclínico en contexto de la intensa inflamación desatada, la tormenta de citocinas involucradas, el estado protrombótico basal y la disfunción endotelial consecuente. Nos propusimos analizar si la troponina T (TT) y la fracción amino-terminal del propéptido natriurético cerebral (NT-proBNP) determinada al momento de ingreso hospitalario se relacionan con la mortalidad durante la internación de estos pacientes. Material y métodos: Estudio analítico, observacional, de cohortes retrospectivas y corte transversal. Incluyó sujetos con COVID-19 internados por enfermedad moderada-severa, del 20 de marzo de 2020 al 15 de noviembre de 2020. Se analizaron las determinaciones de TT y NT-proBNP obtenidas en las primeras 24 horas de ingreso. Se consideró TT alterada si ≥ 0,014 ng/dL y NT-proBNP alterado si ≥ 300 pg/mL. Resultados: Se incluyeron 108 sujetos, 63,2% hombres, edad 51,5 años (59-43). El 28% ingreso a Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) y el 25% falleció. El grupo de pacientes con TT elevada presentó mayor mortalidad (OR = 3,1; IC 95% = 1,10-8,85; p = 0,028) al igual que el grupo con NT-proBNP elevado (OR = 3,47; IC 95% = 1,21-9,97; p = 0,017). Al análisis multivariado sólo NT-proBNP ≥300 pg/mL se mantuvo como factor de riesgo independiente. Conclusiones: Niveles de NT-proBNP ≥ 300 pg/mL al ingreso en pacientes con COVID-19 moderada-severa se relacionaron con una mayor mortalidad.(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular compromise in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) does not necessarily present with the classic symptoms described in myocarditis. There is growing evidence demonstrating subclinical cardiovascular compromise in the context of the intense inflammation unleashed, the cytokine storm involved, the baseline prothrombotic state, and the consequent endothelial dysfunction. We set out to analyse whether Troponin-T (TT) and the amino-terminal fraction of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) determined at hospital admission, are related to mortality during the hospitalization of these patients. Material and methods: Analytical, observational, retrospective cohort and cross-sectional study. It included subjects with COVID-19 hospitalized for moderate-severe illness, from 20/03/20 to 15/11/20. The TT and NT-proBNP obtained in the first 24 hours from admission were analysed. Altered TT was considered if ≥.014 ng/dl and altered NT-proBNP if ≥300 pg/ml. Results: One hundred and eight subjects were included, 63.2% men, age 51.5 years (59-43), 28% were admitted to the Critical Unit and 25% died. The group with elevated TT presented higher mortality (OR = 3.1; 95%CI = 1.10-8.85; p = .02). The group with elevated NT-proBNP also show higher mortality (OR = 3.47; 95%CI = 1.21-9.97; p = .01). On multivariate analysis, only NT-proBNP ≥300 pg/ml remained an independent risk factor. Conclusions: NT-proBNP levels ≥300 pg/ml at admission in patients with moderate-severe COVID-19 were associated with higher mortality.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Troponin T , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/analysis , Biomarkers , Coronavirus , Cardiovascular Diseases , Mortality
17.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 39(3): 114-120, jul-sep 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-204043

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Analizar la mortalidad y sus causas en la cohorte Manresa de varones seguida durante 42 años; comparar el riesgo de mortalidad cardiovascular al inicio del seguimiento con la mortalidad acontecida; describir el estado de salud de los participantes al final del estudio. Métodos: Estudio observacional prospectivo. Se calculó la incidencia de mortalidad acumulada de la cohorte. La asociación de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares (FRCV) con la mortalidad fue calculada mediante análisis de regresión logística de efectos mixtos. Se evaluó la curva ROC comparando cada ecuación predictiva con la mortalidad real. Se llevó a cabo un análisis descriptivo del estado de salud en la última encuesta del estudio. Resultados: Las defunciones fueron 457 (43%). La incidencia acumulada fue del 10,6% para las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares asociados significativamente a la mortalidad cardiovascular fueron: edad, colesterol y tabaquismo. El uso de tablas para el cálculo del riesgo cardiovascular resultó ser útil, con pocas diferencias según la tabla utilizada. Entre los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares analizados en el último examen de salud, y por tanto en una población anciana, destacan la alta prevalencia de hipertensión y de actividad física regular, junto con la baja prevalencia en tabaquismo. Conclusión: La mortalidad cardiovascular se mantuvo alta, aunque ha pasado a ser la segunda causa tras las enfermedades tumorales. Se compararon en nuestro medio las predicciones de las tablas de riesgo de mortalidad cardiovascular con la mortalidad real durante más de 4 décadas, mostrándose la importancia de estimar el riesgo cardiovascular en la población adulta.(AU)


Objectives: To analyse mortality and its causes in the Manresa male cohort followed over 42 years; to compare the initial risk of cardiovascular mortality with actual mortality; and to describe the health status of the participants at the end of the study. Methods: Prospective observational study, in which an analysis of the cumulative incidence of mortality was performed. The association of cardiovascular risk factors with mortality was calculated with a logistic regression analysis of mixed effect. The risk of mortality of individuals was evaluated and compared with true cardiovascular mortality using ROC curves. At the end of the study, a descriptive analysis of CVRF and health status of participants in the last survey was performed. Results: The number of deaths was 457 (43%). Cumulative incidence for cardiovascular diseases was 10.6%. Cardiovascular risk factors significantly associated with cardiovascular mortality were age, cholesterol, and smoking. The use of risk score charts for cardiovascular mortality was found to be useful, and there were no differences between tables. In the last health screening of cardiovascular risk factors levels in an elderly population, a high prevalence was found of hypertension and of regular physical activity, together with a low prevalence of smoking. Conclusions: Cardiovascular mortality remained high, although it has become the second cause after tumoural diseases. The comparison of predictions from cardiovascular mortality risk tables with actual mortality rates in our area over more than 4 decades demonstrated the importance of assessing cardiovascular risk in the adult population.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cardiovascular Diseases , Aged , Aged/statistics & numerical data , Mortality/trends , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic
18.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 42(4): 404-414, Julio - Agosto 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-205782

ABSTRACT

Background and aimThe knowledge about the acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can help health teams to carry out a targeted care plan. This study aimed to determine the AKI incidence in patients hospitalized with COVID-19.MethodsThe electronic search covered research published until June 20, 2020, and included five databases, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Lilacs (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Library). Eligible studies were those including data from AKI occurrence in adult patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The primary outcome was AKI incidence, and the secondary outcome assessed was the AKI mortality. Additionally, the estimated incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) need also was verified. Using a standardized form prepared in Microsoft Excel, data were extracted by two independents authors, regarding the description of studies, characteristics of patients and clinical data on the AKI occurrence.ResultsWe included 30 studies in this systematic review, of which 28 were included in the meta-analysis. Data were assessed from 18.043 adult patients with COVID-19. The AKI estimate incidence overall and at the ICU was 9.2% (4.6–13.9) and 32.6% (8.5–56.6), respectively. AKI estimate incidence in the elderly patients and those with acute respiratory disease syndrome was 22.9% (−4.0–49.7) and 4.3% (1.8–6.8), respectively. Patients with secondary infection, AKI estimate incidence was 31.6% (12.3–51.0). The estimate incidence of patients that required RRT was 3.2% (1.1–5.4) and estimate AKI mortality was 50.4% (17.0–83.9).ConclusionThe occurrence of AKI is frequent among adult patients hospitalized with COVID-19, and affects on average, up to 13.9% of these patients. It is believed that AKI occurs early and in parallel with lung injury. (AU)


Antecedentes y objetivoEl conocimiento de la incidencia de lesión renal aguda (LRA) en pacientes con enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) puede ayudar a los equipos de atención médica a llevar a cabo un plan de atención específico. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar la incidencia de LRA en pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19.MétodosLa búsqueda electrónica cubrió la investigación publicada hasta el 20 de junio del 2020 e incluyó 5 bases de datos: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus y Lilacs (Biblioteca de Ciencias de la Salud de América Latina y el Caribe). Los estudios elegibles fueron aquellos que incluyeron datos sobre la aparición de LRA en pacientes adultos hospitalizados con COVID-19. El resultado primario fue la incidencia de LRA y el resultado secundario evaluado fue la mortalidad por LRA. Además, también se verificó la incidencia estimada de necesidad de terapia de reemplazo renal (TRR). Mediante un formulario estandarizado elaborado en Microsoft Excel, los datos fueron extraídos por 2 autores independientes, haciendo referencia a la descripción de los estudios, las características de los pacientes y los datos clínicos sobre la ocurrencia de LRA.ResultadosEn esta revisión sistemática se incluyeron 30 estudios, de los cuales 28 se incluyeron en el metaanálisis. Se evaluaron los datos de 18.043 pacientes adultos con COVID-19. La incidencia estimada de LRA en general y en la UCI fue del 9,2% (4,6-13,9) y del 32,6% (8,5-56,6), respectivamente. La incidencia estimada de LRA en pacientes ancianos y pacientes con síndrome de enfermedad respiratoria aguda fue del 22,9% (–4,0-49,7) y del 4,3% (1,8-6,8), respectivamente. En pacientes con infección secundaria, la incidencia estimada de LRA fue del 31,6% (12,3-51,0). La incidencia estimada de pacientes que requirieron TRR fue del 3,2% (1,1-5,4) y la mortalidad estimada por LRA fue del 50,4% (17,0-83,9). ... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Incidence , Renal Replacement Therapy , Mortality , Review Literature as Topic
19.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 42(4): 438-447, Julio - Agosto 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-205785

ABSTRACT

Introducción y objetivos : La elección del tratamiento sustitutivo renal (TSR) es una decisión importante que determina la calidad de vida y la supervivencia. La mayoría de los pacientes cambiará de una modalidad de TSR a otra para adaptarla a sus necesidades dentro de lo que se conoce como modelo de TSR integrado. En estas circunstancias surgen nuevas preguntas sobre la mejor secuencia de técnicas o las consecuencias de las transiciones.Material y métodosDescribimos las transiciones entre técnicas de TSR y su impacto en la supervivencia a partir del Registro Madrileño de Enfermos Renales (REMER), durante un periodo de 11 años. Se utilizaron los modelos de riesgos proporcionales y de riesgos competitivos para realizar un análisis por intención de tratar (ITT) según su 1.er tratamiento y como tratado (AT) considerando la 1.ª transición.ResultadosUn total de 8.971 pacientes iniciaron su primer TSR durante este periodo en Madrid (6,6 millones habitantes): 7.207 (80,3%) en hemodiálisis (HD), 1.401 (15,6%) en diálisis peritoneal (DP) y 363 (4,1%) recibieron un trasplante renal anticipado (TXR). En el análisis ITT, los pacientes incidentes en HD eran mayores (HD 65,3 años (DE 15,3) vs. DP 58,1 años [DE 14,8] vs. TXR 52,0 años (DE 17,2); p<0,001) y tenían más comorbilidades. Presentaron mayor mortalidad (HD 40,9% vs. DP 22,8% vs. TXR 8,3%, p<0,001) y menor acceso a trasplante (HD 30,4% vs. DP 51,6%; p<0,001). Las transiciones entre las técnicas de diálisis identifican diferentes fenotipos de pacientes con diferentes resultados clínicos en el análisis AT. Los pacientes que cambiaban de HD a DP lo hacían más precozmente (HD→DP: 0,7 años (DE 1,1) vs. DP→HD: 1,5 años [(DE 1,4); p<0,001), eran más jóvenes (HD→DP: 53,5 años (DE 16,7) vs. DP→HD: 61,6 años, (DE 14,6) p<0,001), sufrían menor mortalidad (HD→DP: 24,5% vs. DP→HD: 32%, p<0,001) y tenían mayor acceso al TXR (HD→DP: 49,4% vs. DP→HD: 31,7%, p<0,001). ... (AU)


Introduction and objectives : The choice of renal replacement therapy (RRT) is an important decision that determines the quality of life and survival. Most patients change from one RRT modality to another to adapt RRT to clinical and psychosocial needs. This has been called «integrated model of RRT» that implies new questions about the best sequence of techniques.Material and methodsThe study describes the impact of transitions between RRT modalities on survival using the Madrid Registry of Renal Patients (2008–2018). This study used the proportional hazards models and competitive risk models to perform an intention-to-treat (ITT), according to their 1st RRT modality and as-treated (AT) analysis, that consider also their 1st transition.ResultsA total of 8971 patients started RRT during this period in Madrid (6.6 Million population): 7207 (80.3%) on hemodialysis (HD), 1401 (15.6%) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 363 (4.2%) received a pre-emptive kidney transplantation (KTX). Incident HD-patients were older (HD group 65.3 years (SD 15.3) vs PD group 58.1 years (SD 14.8) vs KTX group 52 years (SD 17.2); p<0.001) and had more comorbidities. They presented higher mortality (HD group 40.9% vs PD group 22.8% vs 8.3% KTX group, p<0.001) and less access to a transplant (HD group 30.4% vs DP group 51.6%; p<0.001). Transitions between dialysis techniques define different groups of patients with different clinical outcomes. Those who change from HD to PD do it earlier (HD→PD: 0.7 years (SD 1.1) vs PD→HD: 1.5 years (SD 1.4) p<0.001), are younger (HD→PD: 53.5 years (SD 16.7) vs PD→HD: 61.6 years (SD 14.6); p<0.001), presented less mortality (HD→PD: 24.5% vs PD→HD: 32.0%; p<0.001) and higher access to a transplant (HD→PD: 49.4% vs PD→HD: 31.7%; p<0.001). ... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Renal Replacement Therapy , Mortality , Waterway Transitions , Spain
20.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 54(7): 102357, Jul 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-205878

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estudiar la evolución del perfil clínico de una población dada de alta con diagnóstico principal de insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) en las dos primeras décadas del siglo y las variables predictoras de mortalidad y reingreso en el primer año de alta. Diseño: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, longitudinal. Emplazamiento: Área de salud Don Benito-Villanueva de la Serena, Badajoz, España. Participantes: Todos los pacientes dados de alta con diagnóstico principal de IC entre 2000 y 2019 en un complejo hospitalario general.Mediciones principalesSe recogieron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, y se realizó un seguimiento de un año; la variable resultado fue un compuesto de mortalidad y/o reingreso. Resultados: Se incluyeron 4.107 altas, edad media 77,1 (DE 10,5) años, 53,1% de mujeres. El número de ingresos, la edad, los antecedentes de neoplasias, los ictus, la insuficiencia renal y la anemia fueron en aumento, así como los reingresos (p de tendencias <0,001), mientras permaneció constante la mortalidad. Fueron variables predictoras de reingreso y/o muerte HR (IC95%): edad (por año) 1,04 (1,03-1,04), diabetes: 1,11 (1,01-1,24), IC previa 1,41 (1,28-1,57), variable compuesta infarto, ictus y/o arteriopatía periférica 1,24 (1,11-1,38), enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) 1,29 (1,15-1,44), neoplasia 1,33 (1,16-1,53), anemia 1,63 (1,41-1,86), insuficiencia renal 1,42 (1,26-1,60). Conclusiones: En los últimos 20años se han incrementado los ingresos de pacientes por IC, su edad y la comorbilidad. Fueron variables predictoras de mortalidad y/o reingreso la edad, la diabetes, la enfermedad cardiovascular previa, las neoplasias, la EPOC, la insuficiencia renal y la anemia; sin embargo, la mortalidad al año se mantuvo constante.(AU)


Aim: To study the evolution of the clinical profile of a population discharged with a main diagnosis of heart failure (HF) in the first two decades of the century and the predictive variables of mortality and readmission in the first year of discharge. Design: Observational, retrospective, longitudinal study. Site: Don Benito Villanueva de la Serena Badajoz health area. Participants: All patients discharged with a main diagnosis of HF between 2000 and 2019 in a general hospital complex were included. Main measurements: Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected, and a one-year follow-up; the result variable was a composite of mortality and/or readmission. Results: A total of 4107 discharges were included, mean age 77.1 (SD±10.5) years, 53.1% women. The number of admissions, age, history of neoplasms, stroke, kidney failure, and anemia increased, as did readmissions (P for trends <.001), while mortality remained constant. Predictive variables for readmission and/or death were HR (95%CI): age (per year) 1.04 (1.03-1.04), diabetes: 1.11 (1.01-1.24), previous HF 1.41 (1.28-1.57), composite variable myocardial infarction, stroke and/or peripheral artery disease 1.24 (1.11-1.38), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 1.29 (1.15-1.44), neoplasia 1.33 (1.16-1.53), anemia 1.63 (1.41-1.86), chronic kidney failure 1.42 (1.26-1.60). Conclusions: In the last 20 years, admissions for heart failure, patient age, and comorbidity have increased. Predictive variables for mortality and/or readmission were age, diabetes, previous cardiovascular disease, neoplasms, COPD, kidney failure, and anemia; however, mortality at one year remained constant.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Patient Discharge , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Mortality , Neoplasms/prevention & control , Stroke/prevention & control , Renal Insufficiency , Comorbidity , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , Primary Health Care , Longitudinal Studies , Spain
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