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3.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 114, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347557

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: When job demand exceeds job resources, burnout occurs. Burnout in healthcare workers extends beyond negatively affecting their functioning and physical and mental health; it also has been associated with poor medical outcomes for patients. Data-driven technology holds promise for the prediction of occupational burnout before it occurs. Early warning signs of burnout would facilitate preemptive institutional responses for preventing individual, organizational, and public health consequences of occupational burnout. This protocol describes the design and methodology for the decentralized Burnout PRedictiOn Using Wearable aNd ArtIficial IntelligEnce (BROWNIE) Study. This study aims to develop predictive models of occupational burnout and estimate burnout-associated costs using consumer-grade wearable smartwatches and systems-level data. METHODS: A total of 360 registered nurses (RNs) will be recruited in 3 cohorts. These cohorts will serve as training, testing, and validation datasets for developing predictive models. Subjects will consent to one year of participation, including the daily use of a commodity smartwatch that collects heart rate, step count, and sleep data. Subjects will also complete online baseline and quarterly surveys assessing psychological, workplace, and sociodemographic factors. Routine administrative systems-level data on nursing care outcomes will be abstracted weekly. DISCUSSION: The BROWNIE study was designed to be decentralized and asynchronous to minimize any additional burden on RNs and to ensure that night shift RNs would have equal accessibility to study resources and procedures. The protocol employs novel engagement strategies with participants to maintain compliance and reduce attrition to address the historical challenges of research using wearable devices. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05481138.

4.
BDJ Open ; 10(1): 3, 2024 Jan 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228624

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Dentists' well-being is being challenged today by many factors. However, effective screening tools to assess their distress and well-being are yet to be validated. The present study aims to evaluate the ability of the Well-Being Index (WBI) to identify distress and stratify dentists' well-being and their likelihood for adverse professional consequences. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A convenience sample of dentists completed a web-based 9-item WBI survey along with other instruments that measured quality of life (QOL), fatigue, burnout, and questions about suicidal ideation, recent dental error, and intent to leave their current job. RESULTS: A total of 597 dentists completed the survey. The overall mean WBI score was 2.3. The mean WBI score was significantly greater in dentists with low QOL than among dentists without low QOL (4.1 vs 1.6, p < 0.001). Dentists with extreme fatigue, burnout, and suicidal ideation had significantly higher mean WBI score than those without distress (all p < 0.001). WBI score stratified the dentists' likelihood of reporting a recent dental error and intent to leave their current job. CONCLUSION: The WBI may be a useful screening tool to assess well-being among dentists and identify those in distress and at risk for adverse professional consequences.

5.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 98(12): 1785-1796, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043996

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adverse occupational experiences (AOEs) with depression and burnout in US physicians. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a representative sample survey of US physicians conducted between November 20, 2020, and March 23, 2021, and from a probability-based sample of other US workers. The ACEs, AOEs, burnout, and depression were assessed using previously published measures. RESULTS: Analyses included data from 1125 of the 3671 physicians (30.6%) who received a mailed survey and 6235 of 90,000 physicians (6.9%) who received an electronic survey. The proportion of physicians age 29-65 who had lived with a family member with substance misuse during childhood (673 of 5039[13.4%]) was marginally lower (P <.001) than that of workers in other professions (448 of 2505 [17.9%]). The proportion of physicians age 29-65 who experienced childhood emotional abuse (823 of 5038 [16.3%]) was similar to that of workers in other professions (406 of 2508 [16.2%]). The average physician depression T-score was 49.60 (raw score ± SD, 6.48±3.15), similar to the normed US average. The AOEs were associated with mild to severe depression, including making a recent significant medical error (odds ratio [OR], 1.64; 95% CI, 1.33 to 2.02, P<.001), being named in a malpractice suit (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.59, P=.008), and experiencing one or more coronavirus disease 2019-related AOEs (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.56 to 1.99, P<.001). Having one or more ACEs was associated with mild to severe depression (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.38 to 1.79, P<.001). The ACEs, coronavirus disease 2019-related AOEs, and medical errors were also associated with burnout. CONCLUSION: Assessing ACEs and AOEs and implementing selective primary prevention interventions may improve population health efforts to mitigate depression and burnout in physicians.


Asunto(s)
Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia , Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Depresión/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Médicos/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología
6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(12): e2347957, 2023 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38091043

RESUMEN

This cross-sectional study of US medical students assesses the association of COVID-19 intensity in the clinical learning environment with student burnout and perceptions regarding residency preparedness.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Internado y Residencia , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Agotamiento Psicológico , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología
7.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 98(11): 1629-1640, 2023 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37923521

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the career plans of US physicians at the end of 2021 relative to 2011 and 2014. METHODS: Physicians in the United States were surveyed from December 9, 2021, to January 24, 2022, using methods similar to prior studies in 2011 and 2014. Responding physicians in active practice (n=1884) were included in the analysis. At all time-points, physicians indicated the likelihood they would (1) reduce clinical work hours in the next 12 months and (2) leave their current practice within 24 months. RESULTS: In 2021, 542 of 1344 (40.3%) indicated that it was "likely" or "definite" they would reduce clinical work hours in the next 12 months compared with 1120 of 6950 (16.1%) and 1275 of 6452 (19.8%) in 2011 and 2014. In 2021, 466 of 1817 (25.6%) indicated it was "likely" or "definite" they would leave their current practice in the next 24 months compared with 1284 of 6975 (18.4%) and 1726 of 6496 (26.6%) in 2011 and 2014. On multivariable analysis pooling responders from 2011, 2014, and 2021, physicians who responded in 2021 had higher odds of reporting intent to reduce clinical work hours compared with those who responded in 2014 (OR, 3.12; 95% CI, 2.73 to 3.57), whereas those responding in 2011 had lower odds relative to 2014 (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.89). CONCLUSION: Roughly two of every five US physicians intend to reduce their clinical work hours in the next year, more than double previous rates. These findings have potentially profound implications for the adequacy of a US physician workforce already facing substantial shortages.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Médicos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Pandemias , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , COVID-19/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 98(11): 1613-1628, 2023 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37923520

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of politicization of medical care with burnout, professional fulfillment, and professionally conflicting emotions (eg, less empathy, compassion; more anger, frustration, resentment). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Physicians in select specialties were surveyed between December 2021 and January 2022 using methods similar to our prior studies, with additional assessment of politicization of medical care; moral distress; and having had to compromise professional integrity, workload, and professionally conflicting emotions. RESULTS: In a sample of 2780 physicians in emergency medicine, critical care, noncritical care hospital medicine, and ambulatory care, stress related to politicization of medical care was reported by 91.8% of physicians. On multivariable analysis, compromised integrity (odds ratio [OR], 3.64; 95% CI, 2.31 to 5.98), moral distress (OR, 2.82; 95% CI, 2.16 to 3.68), and feeling more exhausted taking care of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (OR, 3.46; 95% CI, 2.63 to 4.54) were associated with burnout. Compromised integrity, moral distress, and feeling more exhausted taking care of patients with COVID-19 were also statistically significantly associated with lower odds of professional fulfillment and professionally conflicting emotions. Stress related to conversations about non-approved COVID-19 therapies (OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.08 to 2.89), patient resistance to mask wearing (OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.35 to 2.55), and working more hours due to COVID (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.89) were associated with professionally conflicting emotions. CONCLUSION: Most physicians experienced intrusion of politics into medical care during the pandemic. These experiences are associated with professionally conflicting emotions, including less compassion and empathy, greater frustration, and resentment. COVID-19-related moral distress and compromised integrity were also associated with less professional fulfillment and greater occupational burnout.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Humanos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Emociones , Médicos/psicología , Empatía
10.
JAMA ; 330(18): 1797-1799, 2023 11 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37856116

RESUMEN

This study explores US medical students' intent to practice in underserved areas, analyzed by demographic characteristics.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Área sin Atención Médica , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Intención , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos , Práctica Profesional
12.
Am J Prev Med ; 65(4): 568-578, 2023 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37178097

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews by the WHO have shown an increased risk of morbidity and mortality related to ischemic heart disease and stroke among individuals working an average of ≥55 hours/week. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of U.S. physicians and a probability-based sample of the general U.S. working population (n=2,508) was conducted between November 20, 2020, and February 16, 2021 (data analyzed in 2022). Among 3,617 physicians who received a mailed survey, 1,162 (31.7%) responded; among 90,000 physicians who received an electronic survey, 6,348 (7.1%) responded. Mean weekly work hours were assessed. RESULTS: The mean reported weekly work hours for physicians and U.S. workers in other fields were 50.8 hours and 40.7 hours, respectively (p<0.001). Less than 10% of U.S. workers in other fields (9.2%) reported working ≥55 hours/week compared with 40.7% of physicians. Although work hours decreased among physicians working less than full time, the decrease in work hours was smaller than the reported reduction in professional work effort. Specifically, for physicians who worked between half-time and full-time (i.e., full-time equivalent=50%-99%), work hours decreased by approximately 14% for each 20% reduction in full-time equivalent. On multivariable analysis of physicians and workers in other fields adjusting for age, gender, relationship status, and level of education, individuals with a professional/doctorate degree other than an MD/DO (OR=3.74; 95% CI=2.28, 6.09) and physicians (OR=8.62; 95% CI=6.44, 11.80) were more likely to work ≥55 hours/week. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of physicians have work hours previously shown to be associated with adverse personal health outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Escolaridad , Electrónica
13.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 98(3): 398-409, 2023 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36868747

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship of electronic health record (EHR)-based audit log data with physician burnout and clinical practice process measures. METHODS: From September 4 to October 7, 2019, we surveyed physicians in a larger academic medical department and matched responses to August 1 through October 31, 2019, EHR-based audit log data. Multivariable regression analysis evaluated the relationship between log data and burnout and the interrelationship between log data and turnaround time for In Basket messages and percentage of encounters closed within 24 hours. RESULTS: Of the 537 physicians surveyed, 413 (77%) responded. On multivariable analysis, number of In Basket messages received per day (each additional message: odds ratio, 1.04 [95% CI, 1.02 to 1.07]; P<.001) and time spent in the EHR outside scheduled patient care (each additional hour: odds ratio, 1.01 [95% CI, 1.00 to 1.02]; P=.04) were associated with burnout. Time spent doing In Basket work (each additional minute: parameter estimate, -0.11 [95% CI, -0.19 to -0.03]; P=.01) and in the EHR outside scheduled patient care (each additional hour: parameter estimate, 0.04 [95% CI, 0.01 to 0.06]; P=.002) were associated with turnaround time (days per message) for In Basket messages. None of the variables explored were independently associated with percentage of encounters closed within 24 hours. CONCLUSION: Electronic health record-based audit log data of workload relate to odds of burnout and responsiveness to patient-related inquiries and results. Further study is needed to determine whether interventions that reduce the number of and time spent doing In Basket messages or time spent in the EHR outside scheduled patient care reduce physician burnout and improve clinical practice process measures.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Evaluación de Procesos, Atención de Salud , Humanos , Agotamiento Psicológico , Oportunidad Relativa , Carga de Trabajo
14.
Teach Learn Med ; 35(1): 37-51, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35068287

RESUMEN

CONSTRUCT: The study gathers validity evidence for the use of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory - Medical Student (OLBI-MS), a 16-item scale used to measure medical student burnout. The 16 items on the OLBI-MS are split to form two subscales, disengagement and exhaustion. BACKGROUND: Medical student burnout has been empirically linked to several detrimental professional and personal consequences. In recognition of the high prevalence of medical student burnout, one recommendation has been to regularly measure burnout using standardized measures that have strong validity evidence for their intended use. The OLBI-MS, a frequently used measure of medical student burnout, was adapted from the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI). The OLBI has been studied in many occupational settings and been found to have a two-factor solution in majority of these populations, but there is limited validity evidence available that supports the use of the OLBI-MS subscales in a medical student population. APPROACH: Two years of Association of American Medical College Year 2 Questionnaire data (n = 24,008) were used in the study for a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The data from the first year (n = 11,586) was randomly split into a confirmatory and exploratory sample, with the data from the second year (n = 12,422) used as a secondary confirmatory sample. Because the questionnaire is administered to medical students during their second year of undergraduate medical education, we consider this a study as providing validity evidence specifically for the measure's use with that population. FINDINGS: The two-factor structure of the OLBI-MS was not empirically supported in the second year medical-student population. Several of the items had low inter-item correlations and/or moderate correlations with unexpected items. Three modified versions of the OLBI-MS were tested using subsets of the original items. Two of the modified versions were adequate statistical explanations of the relationships in the data. However, it is unclear if these revised scales appropriately measure all aspects of the construct of burnout and additional validity evidence is needed prior to their use. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the OLBI-MS is not recommended for measuring second-year medical student burnout. It is unclear if the OLBI-MS is appropriate for medical students at all, or if different measures are necessary at different stages in a medical student's professional development. Additional research is needed to either improve the OLBI-MS or use it as a foundation for a new measure.Supplemental data for this article is available online at at www.tandfonline.com/htlm .


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Psicometría , Agotamiento Psicológico , Agotamiento Profesional/diagnóstico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
Ann Surg ; 277(4): 565-571, 2023 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36000783

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine if individualized professional coaching reduces burnout, improves quality of life, and increases resilience among surgeons. BACKGROUND: Burnout is common among surgeons and associated with suboptimal patient care and personal consequences. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of 80 surgeons evaluating the impact of 6 monthly professional coaching sessions on burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), quality of life (single-item linear analog scale), and resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale) immediately postintervention and 6 months later. Participants randomized to the control group subsequently received 6 professional coaching sessions during months 6 to 12 (delayed intervention). RESULTS: At the conclusion of professional coaching in the immediate intervention group, the rate of overall burnout decreased by 2.5% in the intervention arm compared with an increase of 2.5% in the control arm [delta: -5.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI): -8.6%, -1.4%; P =0.007]. Resilience scores improved by 1.9 points in the intervention arm compared with a decrease of 0.2 points in the control arm (delta: 2.2 points; 95% CI: 0.07, 4.30; P =0.04). Six months after completion of the coaching period, burnout had returned to near baseline levels while resilience continued to improve among the immediate intervention group. The delayed intervention group experienced improvements in burnout during their coaching experience relative to the immediate intervention group during their postintervention period (18.2% decrease vs 2.9% increase, delta: -21.1%, 95% CI: -24.9%, -17.3%; P <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Professional coaching over 6 months improved burnout and resilience among surgeons, with reductions in improvement over the ensuing 6 months.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Tutoría , Resiliencia Psicológica , Cirujanos , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(5): e2213080, 2022 05 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587344

RESUMEN

Importance: Burnout is common among physicians and is associated with suboptimal patient outcomes. Little is known about how experiences with patients, families, and visitors differ by physician characteristics or contribute to the risk of burnout. Objective: To examine the occurrence of mistreatment and discrimination by patients, families, and visitors by physician characteristics and the association between such interactions and experiencing burnout. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from November 20, 2020, to March 23, 2021, among US physicians. Exposures: Mistreatment and discrimination were measured using items adapted from the Association of American Medical College's Graduation Questionnaire with an additional item querying respondents about refusal of care because of the physicians' personal attributes; higher score indicated greater exposure to mistreatment and discrimination. Main Outcomes and Measures: Burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: Of 6512 responding physicians, 2450 (39.4%) were female, and 369 (7.2%) were Hispanic; 681 (13.3%) were non-Hispanic Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander; and 3633 (70.5%) were non-Hispanic White individuals. Being subjected to racially or ethnically offensive remarks (1849 [29.4%]), offensive sexist remarks (1810 [28.7%]), or unwanted sexual advances (1291 [20.5%]) by patients, families, or visitors at least once in the previous year were common experiences. Approximately 1 in 5 physicians (1359 [21.6%]) had experienced a patient or their family refusing to allow them to provide care because of the physician's personal attributes at least once in the previous year. On multivariable analyses, female physicians (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 2.02-2.69) and ethnic and racial minority physicians (eg, Black or African American: OR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.13-2.23) were more likely to report mistreatment or discrimination in the previous year. Experience of mistreatment or discrimination was independently associated with higher odds of burnout (vs score of 0 [no mistreatment], score of 1: OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.04-1.55; score of 2: OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.38-2.08; score of 3: OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.89-2.57). There was no difference in the odds of burnout by gender after controlling for experiencing mistreatment and discrimination score and other demographic factors, specialty, practice setting, work hours, and frequency of overnight call. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, mistreatment and discrimination by patients, families, and visitors were common, especially for female and racial and ethnic minority physicians, and associated with burnout. Efforts to mitigate physician burnout should include attention to patient and visitor conduct.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Estudios Transversales , Etnicidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritarios , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
17.
Acad Med ; 97(9): 1322-1330, 2022 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442909

RESUMEN

PROBLEM: Faculty at academic health centers have many competing demands on their time, leading to high work stress, burnout, and limited capacity to meaningfully improve their teaching, evaluation, feedback, and other education-related skills. Faculty development provides a useful mechanism to assist faculty in enhancing their knowledge and skills in these areas, but engaging faculty can be a challenge. APPROACH: To promote engagement, the authors developed a multipronged, pragmatic approach to faculty development. They created: (1) brief videos leveraging micro-learning strategies; (2) prepackaged workshops for use during existing faculty meetings; (3) a newsletter to raise awareness of faculty development opportunities; (4) a searchable, web-based catalog to facilitate rapid retrieval of faculty development content; and (5) an academy to acknowledge engagement of individual faculty members, provide certificates, and promote a culture that prioritizes our education mission. OUTCOMES: Since they launched the new approach in 2017, they have developed 41 microlearning videos, 15 prepackaged workshops, and 24 issues of the newsletter. Between January 2017 and May 2021, the videos generated more than 150,055 views; the workshops were downloaded 2,850 times; and the issues of the newsletter, emailed bimonthly to 3,500 members of the faculty, had an open rate that increased from 30% in 2017 to 70% in 2021. The Academy of Educational Excellence, which was launched in 2018, grew to more than 490 members. Preliminary feedback suggests faculty and education leaders are highly satisfied with the faculty development resources and approaches to engagement. NEXT STEPS: Next steps include obtaining more user satisfaction data and evaluating whether education-related knowledge and skills have improved among faculty participants.


Asunto(s)
Docentes Médicos , Aprendizaje , Humanos
18.
Acad Med ; 97(8): 1184-1194, 2022 08 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442910

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To examine associations of social support and social isolation with burnout, program satisfaction, and organization satisfaction among a large population of U.S. residents and fellows and to identify correlates of social support and social isolation. METHOD: All residents and fellows enrolled in graduate medical education programs at Mayo Clinic sites were surveyed in February 2019. Survey items measured social support (emotional and tangible), social isolation, burnout, program satisfaction, and organization satisfaction. Factors of potential relevance to social support were collected (via the survey, institutional administrative records, and interviews with program coordinators and/or program directors) and categorized as individual, interpersonal, program, or work-related factors (duty hours, call burden, elective time, vacation days used before survey administration, required away rotations, etc.). Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between variables. RESULTS: Of 1,146 residents surveyed, 762 (66%) from 58 programs responded. In adjusted models, higher emotional and tangible support were associated with lower odds of burnout and higher odds of program and organization satisfaction, while higher social isolation scores were associated with higher odds of burnout and lower odds of program satisfaction and organization satisfaction. Independent predictors of social support and/or social isolation included age, gender, relationship status, parental status, postgraduate year, site, ratings of the program leadership team, ratings of faculty relationships and faculty professional behaviors, satisfaction with autonomy, and vacation days used before survey administration. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that social support and social isolation are strongly related to burnout and satisfaction among residents and fellows. Personal and professional relationships, satisfaction with autonomy, and vacation days are independently associated with social support and/or social isolation, whereas most program and work-related factors are not. Additional studies are needed to determine if social support interventions targeting these factors can improve well-being and enhance satisfaction with training.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Internado y Residencia , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Aislamiento Social , Apoyo Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 97(4): 693-702, 2022 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227508

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the excess health care expenditures due to US primary care physician (PCP) turnover, both overall and specific to burnout. METHODS: We estimated the excess health care expenditures attributable to PCP turnover using published data for Medicare patients, calculated estimates for non-Medicare patients, and the American Medical Association Masterfile. We used published data from a cross-sectional survey of US physicians conducted between October 12, 2017, and March 15, 2018, of burnout and intention to leave one's current practice within 2 years by primary care specialty to estimate excess expenditures attributable to PCP turnover due to burnout. A conservative estimate from the literature was used for actual turnover based on intention to leave. Additional publicly available data were used to estimate the average PCP panel size and the composition of Medicare and non-Medicare patients within a PCP's panel. RESULTS: Turnover of PCPs results in approximately $979 million in excess health care expenditures for public and private payers annually, with $260 million attributable to PCP burnout-related turnover. CONCLUSION: Turnover of PCPs, including that due to burnout, is costly to public and private payers. Efforts to reduce physician burnout may be considered as one approach to decrease US health care expenditures.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Médicos de Atención Primaria , Anciano , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Gastos en Salud , Humanos , Medicare , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
20.
Am J Nurs ; 121(11): 24-36, 2021 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629376

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Although previous studies have revealed professional consequences of burnout among nurses, less is known about the potential personal consequences. This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attitudes toward help seeking among U.S. nurses relative to other workers, and the extent to which personal and professional factors, including burnout, were related to suicidal ideation. METHODS: In November 2017, a cross-sectional survey was sent to 86,858 nurses who were members of the American Nurses Association and to a probability-based sample of 5,198 U.S. workers. The survey included questions regarding suicidal ideation, burnout, symptoms of depression, individual and professional characteristics, and willingness to seek professional help if a serious emotional problem arose. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with suicidal ideation after controlling for other factors. RESULTS: Among the 7,378 nurse respondents, 403 (5.5%) reported having suicidal ideation within the past year. Most nurses (84.2%) indicated willingness to seek professional help for a serious emotional problem. Yet nurses with suicidal ideation were less likely to report that they'd seek such help (72.6%) than nurses without suicidal ideation (85%). In a multivariable analysis of nurses' data, after controlling for other personal and professional characteristics, we found that burnout was strongly associated with suicidal ideation. Adjusted combined multivariable analyses showed that nurses were more likely than other workers to have suicidal ideation. Both nurses and other workers who reported suicidal ideation were less likely to seek help than were those who did not report such ideation. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with other U.S. workers, nurses are at higher risk for suicidal ideation, and nurses with such ideation are more reluctant to seek help than those without it. Burnout contributes to the risk of suicidal ideation. These issues warrant greater attention. Systems- and practice-level interventions must be identified and implemented, both to address the higher prevalences of burnout and suicidal ideation in nurses and to mitigate the stigma about mental health problems and other barriers to seeking help.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Conducta de Búsqueda de Ayuda , Personal de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Ideación Suicida , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Estigma Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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