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Indian J Ophthalmol ; 72(2): 190-194, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38099361


PURPOSE: There has been a sudden increase in the number of rhino-orbital mucormycosis cases, primarily affecting patients recovering from COVID-19 infection. The local health authorities have declared the current situation an epidemic. In this study, we assess the role of exenteration in preventing disease progression and improving survival in patients with rhino-orbital mucormycosis. METHODS: The patients undergoing exenteration were grouped into the exenteration arm and those denying exenteration were grouped into the nonexenteration arm. The patients were followed at 1 month and 3 months. The 6-month survival data were collected telephonically. Continuous data were presented as Mean ± SD/Median (IQR) depending on the normality distribution of data, whereas the frequency with percentages was used to present the categorical variables. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were created to estimate the difference in survival of patients with exenteration in rhino-orbital mucormycosis versus those without exenteration. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients were recruited for our study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the patients were qualified for exenteration; however, only eight patients underwent exenteration and six patients did not consent to exenteration. At the end of 3 months in the exenteration group, four (50%) patients died. Two patients died within a week of exenteration, whereas two patients died after 2 weeks of exenteration. The deaths in the first week were attributed to septic shock and the deaths happening beyond 2 weeks were attributed to severe meningitis. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed the cumulative probability of being alive at 1 month in the exenteration arm to be 85%, and it decreased to 67% by 53 days and subsequently remained stable until the end of 3 months. CONCLUSION: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis did not show a survival benefit of exenteration at 3 months and 6 months in COVID-associated rhino-orbital mucormycosis.

COVID-19 , Oftalmopatías , Infecciones Fúngicas del Ojo , Mucormicosis , Enfermedades Orbitales , Humanos , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/cirugía , Enfermedades Orbitales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Orbitales/cirugía , Enfermedades Orbitales/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones Fúngicas del Ojo/tratamiento farmacológico , COVID-19/complicaciones , Antifúngicos/uso terapéutico
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(3): 957-961, 2023 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36872717


Purpose: To analyze the correlation between the mean retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell layer (GCL) thickness with axial length and refractive errors among children aged 5-15 years. Methods: This cross-sectional, observational study was done on 130 eyes of 65 consecutive subjects with refractive errors. The patients were evaluated for RNFL thickness and macular GCL thickness using spectral domain- optical coherence tomography. Results: One hundred and thirty eyes of 65 subjects aged between 5 and 15 years were divided into three groups based on their spherical equivalent in diopters (D). The children with a spherical equivalent of ≤-0.50 D were considered myopic, ≥-0.5 to ≤+0.5 D were considered emmetropic, and ≥+0.50 D were considered hypermetropic. RNFL thickness and GCL thickness were correlated with age, gender, spherical equivalent, and axial length. The mean global RNFL thickness was 104.58 µm ± 7.567. Conclusion: There exists a negative correlation between RNFL thickness and macular GCL thickness with increasing severity of myopia and increase in axial length, and the possible reason could be stretching of the sclera, which further leads to stretching of the retina, resulting in thinner RNFL and macular GCL thickness.

Miopía , Errores de Refracción , Humanos , Niño , Preescolar , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Retina , Fibras Nerviosas
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(3)2022 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361668


We aim to highlight the role of transcutaneous retrobulbar amphotericin-B (TRAMB) in cases of rhino-orbital mucormycosis. With the COVID-19 pandemic a rapid surge in the number of cases of rhino-orbital mucormycosis has been noted. The gold standard treatment for the progressive orbital disease is exenteration; however, organ salvage should be attempted, when possible. Here comes the role of TRAMB injection. We present a case of a man in his 70s, a known diabetic, who recovered from COVID-19 pneumonia but developed left-sided axial proptosis with orbital apex syndrome and ophthalmic artery occlusion secondary to rhino-orbital mucormycosis. The patient underwent debridement of paranasal sinuses and received intravenous liposomal amphotericin-B and three TRAMB injections. After three TRAMB injections significant improvement in extraocular movements, proptosis and ptosis was noted. An early intervention in orbital disease can avert a more radical procedure.

COVID-19 , Mucormicosis , Anfotericina B/uso terapéutico , Antifúngicos/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Masculino , Mucormicosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Pandemias
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(2)2022 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35228223


A young boy in his 20s presented with sudden diminution of vision in right eye 2 days ago. Best-corrected visual acuity was hand movement in right eye and 20/20 in left eye. Funduscopy demonstrated diffuse retinal opacification and swelling at the posterior pole with a cherry red spot at the macula. There was sparing of the superonasal macula with a patent cilioretinal artery. OCT showed diffuse inner retinal thickening of the temporal macula. He was diagnosed as central retinal artery occlusion with cilioretinal sparing in right eye. He was a known case of Eisenmenger syndrome secondary to a large congenital ventricular septal defect. Medical history was notable for prominent pulmonary hypertension and shortness of breath on exertion. Physical examination revealed a harsh systolic murmur. Extremities showed digital erythema and severe clubbing. Chest X-ray demonstrated cardiomegaly. Laboratory examination revealed haemoglobin-220 g/L, haematocrit-60%, serum iron-20 µg/dL.

Complejo de Eisenmenger , Oclusión de la Arteria Retiniana , Arterias Ciliares , Complejo de Eisenmenger/complicaciones , Complejo de Eisenmenger/diagnóstico , Angiografía con Fluoresceína , Humanos , Masculino , Oftalmoscopía , Oclusión de la Arteria Retiniana/complicaciones , Oclusión de la Arteria Retiniana/diagnóstico