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1.
World J Surg ; 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658165

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Excess and prolonged axillary drainage is a frequent nuisance following axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in breast cancer patients. No consensus exists about the best method to prevent this consistently and reliably. Tranexamic acid (TA) has been found to reduce the amount and duration of drainage, but the reduction is not optimal. We hypothesized that systemic administration of TA along with the topical application of hemocoagulase (H) to the axillary dissection bed may decrease the cumulative axillary drain output and shorten the requirement of drainage after ALND as compared to placebo. PATIENT AND METHODS: Seventy women undergoing ALND for breast carcinoma were randomized into two groups, the intervention (TA + H) group and the control (C) group. The cumulative drain output (primary objective), duration of drainage, incidence of seroma formation after drain removal, number of seroma aspirations required, volume of seroma aspirated, and incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) were compared. RESULTS: The mean cumulative output in the TA + H group was significantly lower than the C group (290 ± 200 mL vs. 552 ± 369 mL, p < 0.001). Axillary drains were removed significantly earlier in the TA + H group (6.6 ± 2.2 vs. 11.7 ± 6.0 days, p < 0.001), but the incidence of seroma formation (p = 0.34), number of aspirations required (p = 0.33), volume of seroma aspirated (p = 0.47), and the incidence of SSI (p = 0.07) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative systemic administration of tranexamic acid along with topical application of H to the axillary dissection bed is effective in reducing cumulative axillary drain output after ALND. This strategy may also facilitate earlier removal of suction drains.

2.
Br J Radiol ; 97(1155): 583-593, 2024 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276884

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion and pattern of injury of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and the Kaplan fibre (KF) complex in knees with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries on MRI using three-dimensional (3D) proton density (PD) sequences. METHODS: A total of 88 patients having ACL injury were included in this cross-sectional study. 3D PD sequences were used to assess injury of ALL and the KF complex and were graded on a scale of 0 to 3. MR images were evaluated by two radiologists. Interobserver agreement was determined using Cohen Kappa. RESULTS: Femoral, meniscal, and tibial portions of ALL were visualized in 90.9%, 92%, and 94.3% of the study subjects, respectively. Proximal and distal KF were visualized in 92% and 93.2% of patients, respectively. Injury to ALL and KF was seen in 63.6% and 17% of the patients, respectively. Excellent interobserver agreement was noted for the identification and grading of ALL and KF complex injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Oblique reformatted 3DPD MRI reliably detect ALC; however, ALL injury is better characterized than KF injury using this sequence. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Given the potential role of anterolateral complex (ALC) in maintaining the rotational stability of the knee, ALC assessment using the 3D PD sequences and their oblique reformatted images should be incorporated as routine review area of the knee MRI, particularly in the setting of ACL tear.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Humanos , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagen , Protones , Estudios Transversales , Articulación de la Rodilla , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos
3.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291559

RESUMEN

Winchester syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder with a handful of cases reported to date. We report a 14-year-old male who presented with growth retardation, contracture of left lower limb due to thick indurated skin, hypertrichosis, and bilateral corneal opacity. There was complete improvement in joint contracture with oral betamethasone pulse and weekly oral methotrexate.

4.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 90: 350-356, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37985347

RESUMEN

Cervico-vaginal agenesis is a developmental disorder classified as a Mullerian duct anomaly. STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the surgical outcomes of vaginoplasty and laparoscopic-assisted cervical-vaginoplasty carried out using our set-up from June 2016 to December 2022. Additionally, we measured the success of our modified laparoscopy-assisted neo-cervical creation. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: The study was conducted in a tertiary care center and included all patients who underwent vaginoplasty and neo-cervico-vaginal creation using the rail-road method. PATIENTS: A total of 33 patients were followed-up meticulously and their outcomes were noted. The study was retrospective and largely depended on patient compliance during follow-up. INTERVENTION: Of the 33 patients, 22 underwent vaginoplasty (McIndoe technique) and 11 underwent neo-cervico-vaginoplasty (rail-road method using both open and laparoscopic methods). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The most common presentation was primary amenorrhea (cyclic abdominal pain with primary amenorrhea) and urinary retention. Four patients underwent hysteroscopy-guided hematometra drainage and none underwent hysterectomy. The average vaginal length measured during the follow-up was 5.2 ± 1.90 cm. Significant symptom relief was observed. Longest follow-up duration was 4.7 years with a mean duration of 210 (180) days. CONCLUSION: Although the procedure is strenuous, postoperative results showed satisfactory outcomes in improving the quality of life of patients. With expertise in the technique, the associated comorbidity is reduced, which provides relief for the patients.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías Congénitas , Laparoscopía , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Amenorrea/etiología , Amenorrea/cirugía , Calidad de Vida , Vagina/cirugía , Laparoscopía/métodos , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/métodos , Anomalías Congénitas/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 72(2): 190-194, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38099361

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: There has been a sudden increase in the number of rhino-orbital mucormycosis cases, primarily affecting patients recovering from COVID-19 infection. The local health authorities have declared the current situation an epidemic. In this study, we assess the role of exenteration in preventing disease progression and improving survival in patients with rhino-orbital mucormycosis. METHODS: The patients undergoing exenteration were grouped into the exenteration arm and those denying exenteration were grouped into the nonexenteration arm. The patients were followed at 1 month and 3 months. The 6-month survival data were collected telephonically. Continuous data were presented as Mean ± SD/Median (IQR) depending on the normality distribution of data, whereas the frequency with percentages was used to present the categorical variables. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were created to estimate the difference in survival of patients with exenteration in rhino-orbital mucormycosis versus those without exenteration. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients were recruited for our study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the patients were qualified for exenteration; however, only eight patients underwent exenteration and six patients did not consent to exenteration. At the end of 3 months in the exenteration group, four (50%) patients died. Two patients died within a week of exenteration, whereas two patients died after 2 weeks of exenteration. The deaths in the first week were attributed to septic shock and the deaths happening beyond 2 weeks were attributed to severe meningitis. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed the cumulative probability of being alive at 1 month in the exenteration arm to be 85%, and it decreased to 67% by 53 days and subsequently remained stable until the end of 3 months. CONCLUSION: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis did not show a survival benefit of exenteration at 3 months and 6 months in COVID-associated rhino-orbital mucormycosis.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Oftalmopatías , Infecciones Fúngicas del Ojo , Mucormicosis , Enfermedades Orbitales , Humanos , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/cirugía , Enfermedades Orbitales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Orbitales/cirugía , Enfermedades Orbitales/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones Fúngicas del Ojo/tratamiento farmacológico , COVID-19/complicaciones , Antifúngicos/uso terapéutico
6.
Cureus ; 15(11): e49411, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38149147

RESUMEN

Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) involves monitoring the functional integrity of critical brain regions and pathways as well as identifying and preserving functionally viable neural tissues (mapping) during surgery using electrophysiological techniques. Multimodality combines various neurophysiological techniques to optimise diagnostic effectiveness and to improve the outcomes of the surgeries. The present study is a case series with comprehensive and illustrative descriptions of the neurophysiological changes in five neuromonitored cases of cranial and spinal cord tumour surgeries conducted with a multimodal approach. The cases were monitored with somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP), transcranial motor evoked potentials (TcMEP), and both free run and triggered electromyography (fEMG and tEMG). No false negative outcomes were identified in the cases studied as there was an association of absence of change in SSEP and TcMEP both, with no neurological deficit postoperatively. Two cases were identified as having true positive neuromonitoring alerts. No false positive alerts were found in any case. Multimodal monitoring using SSEP, TcMEP, and EMG (fEMG and tEMG) in cranial and spinal tumour surgeries can improve performance with fewer false-negative and false-positive results. Neuromonitoring approaches used in combination can provide reliable information regarding postoperative neurological outcomes.

7.
Breast Dis ; 42(1): 395-399, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38108339

RESUMEN

Lymphedema (LE) in a breast cancer patient usually results from axillary lymph node dissection, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and/or axillary radiotherapy. Although lymphatic obstruction and consequent LE can occur due to axillary lymph node involvement, such presentation in breast cancer patients has rarely been reported. This report describes the case of a 50-year-old lady with right breast carcinoma who presented with right upper limb lymphedema. Surprisingly, she did not have any bulky axillary lymphadenopathy that could have accounted for lymphedema of the upper limb, but a suspicious breast mass was present on clinical examination. Diagnosis of breast cancer on clinical examination can be challenging in such patients due to breast edema and careful imaging of the breast and axilla with appropriate imaging tools (mammogram, ultrasound, MRI, PET mammography) should be resorted to before excluding malignancy. Lymphoscintigraphy confirmed the findings of lymphedema in the right upper limb and revealed uptake in the epitrochlear lymph nodes of the contralateral limb suggesting that she might had pre-existing widespread "subclinical lymphedema" which presented as "clinical lymphedema" in right upper limb after axillary lymph node/lymphatic involvement by right breast carcinoma.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Carcinoma , Linfedema , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Extremidad Superior , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagen , Linfedema/etiología , Mama , Axila
8.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 14(3): 561-563, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37900655

RESUMEN

Soft tissue metastasis from carcinoma breast is rare, and still rarer is metastasis to skeletal muscles. So far, soft tissue metastasis from breast carcinoma has been reported only in a small number of case series and case reports. To the best of our knowledge, no case of breast cancer metastasizing to the lower limb muscles has been reported. It is important to differentiate soft tissue metastasis from primary soft tissue malignancy, as the management and prognosis of these differ markedly. Here, we present a case of breast cancer metastasizing to the soft tissue at multiple sites including the right thigh muscles.

9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(9)2023 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37751986

RESUMEN

Management of subluxated cataracts is challenging, especially in cases with more than 5 clock hours of subluxation. Capsular bag stabilising devices are of utmost importance in these cases. We report two cases of post-traumatic lens subluxation of more than 6 clock hours, in which the bag was stabilised intraoperatively using two capsular tension rings (CTRs) placed diametrically opposite to each other, in place of the conventional Cionni ring. Slow phacoemulsification was done followed by intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Postoperatively, the IOLs were found to be well centred. Also, the use of two CTRs maintains the shape of the capsular bag and prevents lens epithelial cell migration and capsular cocontraction.


Asunto(s)
Extracción de Catarata , Catarata , Luxaciones Articulares , Subluxación del Cristalino , Cristalino , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificación , Humanos , Implantación de Lentes Intraoculares , Catarata/complicaciones , Subluxación del Cristalino/etiología , Subluxación del Cristalino/cirugía , Luxaciones Articulares/cirugía
11.
Cureus ; 15(5): e39642, 2023 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37388593

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We regularly face pregnancy with fibroid since pregnancy at advanced ages has been more prevalent and the prevalence of lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) has also increased over the previous three decades. Myomectomy with cesarean section has historically been avoided because of the danger of haemorrhage, but obstetricians now place more emphasis on it. Since fibroids can range widely in terms of location, size, and patient features, the intervention should be individualized. Under this article, we, therefore, provide a case series of seven pregnant women with uterine myomas who had delivery via LSCS. METHOD: Seven pregnant patients who had uterine fibroid and undergone cesarean section were enrolled in this observational study done over the period of one year with consent and after taking ethical approval.  Results: The mean age was 27.7 years. Three of the cases were primigravida, while the remainder were multigravida. One patient had red degeneration and was hospitalized with abdominal discomfort at 29 weeks gestation. Four patients had a solitary fibroid, while the three had numerous. The biggest myoma size was 8×7 cm, while the smallest was 5×5 cm. Due to the presence of the fibroid in the lower segment of the uterus, three patients had a caesarean myomectomy, while in rest four cases it was not done. During cesarean myomectomy, two of them had uterine artery ligation to limit the moderate intraoperative haemorrhage. CONCLUSION: If the patient is wisely chosen and the surgeon has the experience, a caesarean myomectomy can be performed safely and successfully during LSCS, especially if located in the lower uterine segment (LUS).

12.
Cureus ; 15(1): e34430, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36874677

RESUMEN

Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a degenerative condition of the plantar fascia that leads to heel and sole pain. Physical modalities, physiotherapy, medication, and orthoses have been tried before as treatments. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and the injection of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are generally effective in the treatment of plantar fasciitis, which might be resistant to other conservative measures. The present study compares the efficacy of ESWT and PRP injection in respect of symptomatic relief, functional improvement, and change in plantar fascia thickness (PFT). Methods Seventy-two patients were enrolled and randomized into two groups. Patients in the first group received ESWT, whereas patients in the second group received PRP injections. Patients were evaluated using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, along with PFT measurement (using ultrasonography) before the treatment and at days 15, 30, and 90 after the treatment. The X2 test was used to compare qualitative variables, and the paired T-test was used to evaluate quantitative data. Quantitative variables had a normal distribution with a standard deviation, and the significance level was set at P-value=0.05. Results On day 0, the mean VAS of the ESWT and PRP groups were 6.44±1.11 and 6.78±1.17, respectively (p=0.237). On day 15, the mean VAS of the ESWT and PRP groups were 4.67±1.45 and 6.67±1.35, respectively (p<0.001). At day 30, the mean VAS of the ESWT and PRP groups were 4.97±1.46 and 4.69±1.39, respectively (p=0.391). On day 90, the mean VAS of the ESWT and PRP groups were 5.47±1.63 and 3.36±0.96 (p<0.001). On day 0, the mean PFTs of the ESWT and PRP groups were 4.73±0.40 and 5.19±0.51, respectively (p<0.001). At day 15, the mean PFT of the ESWT and PRP groups were 4.64±0.46 and 5.11±0.62, respectively (p<0.001) which changed to 4.52±0.53 and 4.40±0.58 at day 30 (p<0.001), and to 4.40±0.50 and 3.82±0.45 at day 90 (p<0.001). The mean AOFAS of the ESWT and PRP groups were 68.39±5.88 and 64.86±8.95 on day 0 (p=0.115), 72.58±6.26 and 67.22±10.47 on day 15 (p=0.115), 73.22±6.92 and 74.72±7.52 on day 30 (p=0.276), and 72.75±7.90 and 81.08±6.01 on day 90, respectively (p<0.001). Conclusion Both PRP injection and ESWT are very effective methods to improve pain and cause reduced plantar fascia thickness in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis non-responsive to other conservative measures. PRP injection is more effective at a longer duration as compared to ESWT.

13.
Am Surg ; 89(12): 5570-5576, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36866816

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Clinical hypocalcemia (CH) following total thyroidectomy (TT) is a potentially life-threatening condition if left untreated. This study aimed at evaluating the accuracy of parathyroid hormone (PTH) measured in the early morning of the first postoperative day (POD-1) in predicting CH, and determining the cutoff values of PTH that can predict the development of CH. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing TT between February 2018 and July 2022. Serum PTH, calcium, and albumin levels were measured on morning (6-8 AM) of postoperative day one (POD-1), and serum calcium level was measured from POD-2 onwards. We performed ROC curve analysis to determine the accuracy of PTH in predicting postoperative CH, and cutoff values of PTH to predict CH. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients, 52 (57.1%) with benign and 39 (42.9%) with malignant goiter were included. The incidence of biochemical, and clinical hypocalcemia was 24.2% and 30.8%, respectively. In our study serum, PTH measured in the early morning of first postoperative day following TT was found to have good accuracy (AUC = .88) in predicting CH. A PTH value of ≥27.15 pg/mL was found to have a 96.4% sensitivity in ruling out CH, while a serum PTH value <10.65 pg/mL had a specificity of 95.2% in predicting CH. DISCUSSION: Patients with a serum PTH value of ≥27.15 pg/mL can be discharged without any supplements, those with PTH <10.65 pg/mL should be started on calcium and calcitriol supplements, while patients having PTH values between 10.65 and 27.15 pg/mL should be monitored for the development of signs and/or symptoms of hypocalcemia.


Asunto(s)
Hipocalcemia , Hormona Paratiroidea , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipocalcemia/etiología , Calcio , Tiroidectomía/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos
14.
Cureus ; 15(1): e33901, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36819358

RESUMEN

We report here a case of an unmarried teenage girl with a 19-kg giant ovarian cystic tumors of size 37cm×31cm×22cm, which was presumably benign on imaging and with negative tumor markers; treated by complete laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy following decompression and the patient was discharged the next day.

15.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(1): 249-256, 2023 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588245

RESUMEN

Purpose: To report the clinico-demographic profile of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) in patients during the "second wave" of the COVID-19 pandemic in eastern India, and their ophthalmic manifestations at presentation to our tertiary institute. Methods: Cross-sectional study amongst patients presenting to our center based on their hospital records. Demographic information, history related to COVID-19, records of detailed ocular examination, and microbiological, radiological, and histopathological investigation were entered into an online worksheet and analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Results: A total of 219 patients with ROCM were treated from May to September 2021, and 110 of these had ocular manifestations at presentation (50.2%). The age of patients ranged from 22 to 83 years and the mean ± standard deviation (SD) age was 49.9 ± 12.9 years. Ninety (81.8%) patients had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, 31 (34%) had hypertension, and 10 had other comorbidities. The duration between the onset of COVID-19 and mucormycosis symptoms was 0 to 60 days with a mean ± SD interval of 20.9 ± 12.6 days. Fifty-six (50.9%) patients had a history of steroid use. Unrelenting ocular or facial pain was the most common presenting symptom, ptosis was the most common anterior segment manifestation, and ophthalmic artery occlusion was the most common posterior segment manifestation. Conclusion: Our data from eastern India reinforces the relationship between COVID-19, diabetes, corticosteroid use, and ROCM. Knowledge of various presenting anterior and posterior segment manifestations of the disease as described in the present study will guide clinicians to recognize the disease early and make every effort to prevent complications.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Mucormicosis , Enfermedades Orbitales , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Pandemias , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo
17.
J Reprod Infertil ; 23(4): 310-313, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452197

RESUMEN

Background: Myoma is the most common benign monoclonal neoplasm of the uterus with increased frequency during reproductive years of women. Case Presentation: A twenty two year old female presented with abdomen lump, dysmenorrhoea, and heavy menstrual bleeding. Multiple myomas were diagnosed based on clinical and radiological findings. Abdominal myomectomy was performed and 75 myomas were enucleated followed by reconstruction of uterus. The second case was a 28 year old married woman presented with heavy menstrual bleeding and dysmenorrhoea. Ultrasound reported single posterior wall myoma of 8×6.3×5.8 cm in size. Laparoscopic myomectomy was performed. At follow-up visit, both cases were completely free of any symptoms. Conclusion: Myomectomy is a feasible and safe option and a uterine preserving surgery even in the presence of multiple myomas. Setting appropriate criteria in selecting patients for abdominal myomectomy rather than MIS is essential to avoid conversion and associated morbidity.

18.
Breast Dis ; 41(1): 391-395, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442188

RESUMEN

Increased utilization of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients has led to improved survival outcomes but it has also resulted in rising incidence of adverse effects. Occurrence of new/unreported side effect poses challenge in front of clinicians. We report the case of a 53-year lady with locally advanced, hormone receptor-positive, and human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER-2) negative right breast carcinoma. She was started on neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) (doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide), to facilitate breast-conserving surgery. She developed an inflammatory reaction involving the affected breast after each of three cycles of NACT (2 cycles of doxorubicin & cyclophosphamide, and 1 cycle of docetaxel). Infectious causes and disease progression were ruled out. She was then prescribed hormone therapy but the disease progressed after three months of therapy and the patient had to be subjected to modified radical mastectomy (MRM). She then received adjuvant radiotherapy and is currently doing well on second-line hormone therapy.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Mastectomía , Doxorrubicina/efectos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efectos adversos , Hormonas
19.
Cureus ; 14(10): e29953, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348841

RESUMEN

A paradoxical reaction, in patients with tuberculous meningitis, is described as either worsening of pre-existing tuberculous lesions or the appearance of new tuberculous lesions after initial improvement with anti-tuberculosis treatment. The condition is often difficult to predict. When severe, it may also result in considerable neurological morbidity and even death. We aim to report such a rare case of severe paradoxical response in a young female with tuberculous meningitis. An 18-year-old female developed severe headache, vomiting, altered sensorium, decreased vision, and paraparesis. She was on anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) for tuberculous meningitis for the past two months. Radiological findings revealed tuberculomas in the left cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres, adhesive arachnoiditis in the cervical spine, and moderate communicating hydrocephalus. Visual evoked potential tests provided electrophysiological evidence of optic neuropathy in the left eye. The appearance of new (tuberculoma and adhesive arachnoiditis in the cervical spine), as well as aggravation of pre-existing tuberculous lesions (worsened hydrocephalus and worsened clinical features), were evident in the patient, suggestive of severe paradoxical response (with HIV negative serology). The patient was treated with corticosteroids, and antibiotics, and continued the ATT programme in a conservative manner. Nonetheless, as the patient had severe CNS manifestations, severe disabilities (poor vision, paraparesis, or quadriparesis) and fatalities were inevitable. Notwithstanding, it is crucial to recognize the paradoxical manifestations of tuberculous meningitis to avoid misleading diagnoses and unwarranted management strategies.

20.
Cureus ; 14(9): e29038, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118999

RESUMEN

Herein, we present a case of cryptomenorrhea due to imperforate hymen where approximately 3400 ml of retained menstrual blood was drained in a 16-year-old girl who presented with primary amenorrhea, cyclical abdominal pain, mass abdomen and acute pain abdomen for 15 days. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed hematocolpos due to imperforate hymen with grossly distended vagina measuring 28.6 × 9.9 × 11.3 cm. Surgical drainage of hematocolpos was done by performing hymenotomy with a cruciate-shaped incision. The post-operative period was uneventful and patient was discharged the next day in stable condition. To our knowledge, this is the first case of hematocolpos reported in literature where more than 3 liters of retained menstrual blood was drained.

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