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1.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(1): [100911], Ene-Mar, 2024. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-229786

RESUMEN

El síndrome del ovario poliquístico (SOP), es una endocrinopatía femenina reconocida como un trastorno heterogéneo caracterizado por un hiperandrogenismo y una disfunción ovulatoria que conlleva problemas de fertilidad. Además, las pacientes suelen presentar una sintomatología asociada como la resistencia a la insulina, la intolerancia a la glucosa, la obesidad central y/o el síndrome metabólico que pueden inducir a un aumento del riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular. Dado que uno de los principales objetivos del tratamiento del SOP es reducir las consecuencias metabólicas relacionadas con la obesidad, la resistencia a la insulina y el síndrome metabólico, las intervenciones dietéticas dirigidas a este propósito pueden resultar eficaces en el tratamiento de este padecimiento. Se ha llevado a cabo una búsqueda bibliográfica en diferentes bases de datos como Web of Science (WOS), PubMed y Google Académico estableciendo unos criterios de búsqueda previamente definidos. Se han elegido 11 trabajos para su revisión completa y análisis crítico. Entre las diferentes intervenciones que se han utilizado, se han seguido estrategias dietéticas como la Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), modificaciones en los hidratos de carbono (HC), la inclusión de algún alimento determinado en el patrón dietético habitual y/o los cambios en el estilo de vida. De los resultados obtenidos, destacan las mejoras propiciadas en los marcadores corporales con un régimen DASH, los beneficios promovidos por dietas con modificaciones en los HC, en la resistencia insulínica (IR) y los marcadores hormonales, así como los efectos favorables en las manifestaciones clínicas relacionadas con el hiperandrogenismo, fomentados por el consumo de soja y las modificaciones en el estilo de vida (LSM).(AU)


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a female endocrinopathy recognized as a heterogeneous disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism and ovulatory dysfunction that leads to fertility problems. In addition, patients usually present with associated symptoms such as insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, central obesity and/or metabolic syndrome that can induce an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Since one of the main goals of PCOS is to reduce the metabolic consequences related to obesity, insulin resistance, and the metabolic syndrome, targeted dietary interventions may be effective in treating PCOS.A bibliographic search has been carried out in different databases such as Web of Science, Pubmed and Google Scholar, establishing previously defined search criteria. Eleven have been chosen for full review and critical analysis. Among the different interventions that have been used, dietary strategies have been followed such as the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH), modifications in carbohydrates, the inclusion of a certain food in the usual dietary pattern and/or lifestyle modifications. Of the results obtained, we highlight the improvements in body markers with a DASH diet, the benefits promoted by diets with modifications in carbohydrates, in insulin resistance and hormonal markers and favorable effects on clinical manifestations related to hyperandrogenism, fostered by soy consumption and lifestyle modifications.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Hiperandrogenismo , Infertilidad , Trastornos de la Menstruación , Hirsutismo , Ginecología , Obstetricia , Ovario/anomalías , Ovario/lesiones , Salud de la Mujer
2.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 24(1): [100422], Ene-Mar, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-230360

RESUMEN

Background/Objective: WazzUp Mama© is a remotely delivered web-based tailored intervention to prevent and reduce perinatal emotional distress, originally developed in the Netherlands. The current study aimed to evaluate the adapted WazzUp Mama© intervention in a Flemish (Dutch-speaking part of Belgium) perinatal population. Methods: A 1:3 nested case-control study was performed. A data set including 676 participants (169 cases/507 controls) was composed based on core characteristics. Using independent t-test and chi-square, the two groups were compared for mean depression, self and perceived stigma, depression literacy scores, and for positive Whooley items and heightened depression scores. The primary analysis was adjusted for covariates. Results: The number of positive Whooley items, the above cut-off depression scores, mean depression, perceived stigma, and depression literacy scores showed statistically significant differences between cases and controls, in favor of the intervention group. When adjusting for the covariates, the statistically significant differences between cases and controls remained for depression, perceived stigma, and depression literacy, for the positive Whooley items and for above cut-off depression scores. Conclusion: WazzUp Mama© indicates to have a moderate to large positive effect on optimizing perinatal emotional wellbeing, to positively change perceived stigma and to increase depression literacy.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Ansiedad , Depresión , Alfabetización Digital , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Psicología Clínica , Psicología , Salud de la Mujer
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3040, 2024 02 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321073

RESUMEN

Due to ovarian insufficiency, some women attain menopause at an early age due to lifestyle factors and hormonal imbalances. Menopause occurring before the age of 40 is premature and between 40 and 44 years age is early, since the natural age of menopause lies between 45 and 50. The study estimated the prevalence of both premature and early menopause, and examined the potential associated factors that could trigger its occurrence in India. The National Family Health Survey, conducted during 2019-2021, was used to fulfil the study objective. The study sample was divided into two parts, with age group 15-39 and 40-44 for estimating premature and early menopause, respectively. Cox-proportional hazard model was used for the multivariate analysis. The estimated prevalence of premature menopause is 2.2% and early menopause is 16.2%. Lower educational level, poor economic condition, smoking, fried food consumption, early age at menarche are some of the significant explanatory factors. In India, both the proportion and the absolute number of post-menopausal women are growing, therefore it is critical to revamp public reproductive healthcare facilities to include menopausal health segment in women's health as well. Future detailed micro-studies would help in better understanding of the premature or early menopausal cases.


Asunto(s)
Menopausia Prematura , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Menopausia , Salud de la Mujer , India , Encuestas Epidemiológicas
4.
Bull World Health Organ ; 102(2): 92-93, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313155

RESUMEN

Mirai Chatterjee talks to Fid Thompson about overcoming inequity and tackling the social determinants of health impacting female informal sector workers through collective action.


Asunto(s)
Equidad en Salud , Femenino , Humanos , Participación de la Comunidad , Salud de la Mujer
5.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 28(1): 9-12, 2024 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308483

RESUMEN

Climate change has featured repeatedly in the most recent discourses on global development1. Several global conferences have been held in recent times to discuss and reach consensus on ways to ameliorate the causes and address the consequences of climate change worldwide. These conferences, now called "Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework on Climate change" have taken place in many countries over the last couple of years. The most recent conferences included COP26 and COP27 which took place in Glasgow, UK 2021 and Sham El Sheikh, Egypt in 2022 respectively. The COP28, which took place in Dubai, UAE in 2023 focused on the theme "unite, act, deliver", and was attended by over 85,000 participants.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Salud de la Mujer , Femenino , Humanos , Naciones Unidas , Egipto
6.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 112, 2024 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer remains a disease of significant concern to women's health. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of knowledge of cervical cancer among women living with HIV and those with negative or unknown HIV status at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital (CCTH). METHODS: This study was based on a larger hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study conducted at the antiretroviral therapy (ART) and gynaecology clinics of the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital in Ghana. Participants were women living with HIV (WLHIV) and women without HIV or whose status was unknown, aged 25 to 65 years, seeking healthcare. Data were collected with a questionnaire and analysed using frequencies, percentages, Chi-square test, binary logistic regression and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 39.5 years (± 9.8) and 47.2 years (± 10.7) for women without or unknown HIV and WLHIV, respectively. HIV-negative/unknown women were mostly nulligravida (76%) and nullipara (69%), while WLHIV mostly had pregnancies (76%) and children (84%) in excess of seven. Knowledge of cervical cancer was statistically significantly associated with HIV status (X2 = 75.65; P-value = 0.001). The odds of having knowledge of cervical cancer for women considered to be negative/unknown for HIV were about three times (AOR = 3.07; 95% CI = 1.47, 6.41) higher than their compatriots with HIV. Women with post-secondary/tertiary (AOR = 4.45; 95% CI = 2.11, 9.35) education had significantly higher odds of having knowledge of cervical cancer than those with no education or those with just primary education. CONCLUSIONS: To improve knowledge of cervical cancer among women, an intentionally structured health education programme is needed, particularly for WLHIV, those with lower levels of education and the unemployed.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Embarazo , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/epidemiología , Ghana/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Salud de la Mujer
7.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 40(1): 2312885, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343134

RESUMEN

Obesity is not a choice or a result of lack of willpower, but a multifactorial, chronic, progressive, and relapsing disease. During menopause, hormonal and body composition changes lead to greater visceral adiposity, that aggravates women's health at a cardiometabolic, mechanic and mental level. Adiposity has been identified as an important modifier of reproductive hormones. During female midlife, obesity has been associated with menstrual cycle alterations (anovulatory cycles ending with abnormal bleedings), menopausal symptoms including hot flashes, poor quality of sleep, aches and joint pain, genitourinary symptoms, and reduced quality of life. However, the relationships between weight, the menopausal process, aging, and hormone levels remain poorly understood. Women with obesity have an increased risk of thromboembolic disease when using menopause hormone therapy (MHT), and it is probably the main medical condition to prescribe or not MHT. However, this risk depends on the route and type of MHT. The use of estrogen-only or combined transdermal MHT does not increase the risk of a thrombotic event in women with obesity.


Asunto(s)
Menopausia , Calidad de Vida , Femenino , Humanos , Salud de la Mujer , Sofocos/etiología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Terapia de Reemplazo de Estrógeno/efectos adversos
8.
Circulation ; 149(7): 487-488, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346105
10.
Reprod Health ; 21(1): 24, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365733

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Having competence in initiating sexual interactions is one of the challenges of sexual health in any society. Given that the social, cultural, and religious background of some societies can prevent the acquisition of sexual competence in young women, this study will be done to design, implement, and determine the effectiveness of an intervention program to improve the sexual competence of young women on the eve of marriage. METHODS: The current research is a mixed-method study in a qualitative-quantitative sequence. In the first phase, a qualitative study will be conducted to explore the needs of sexual competence in young adult women about to get married and ways to improve it. Then, after the literature review and combining it with the results of the qualitative study, a draft of the intervention program will be developed. After reviewing the content of the program and validating it in the panel of experts, the final program will be developed. In the second phase, the effect of the program to promote the sexual competence of adult women about to get married will be determined in a quantitative study with a two-group quasi-experimental method. DISCUSSION: Providing a comprehensive and practical intervention program to promote sexual competence based on cultural, social, and religious background can help to improve the quality of sexual interactions of young women about to get married, reduce harm caused by lack of sexual competence, and ensure women's sexual health.


Preparing young people to start safe and satisfactory sexual behaviors and as a result to acquire sexual competence can play an important role in ensuring their sexual health. But in some countries, talking about sexual issues is a cultural and religious taboo. Given that Lack of sexual competence is associated with negative consequences, the present study aims to design, implement, and determine the effectiveness of a program to promote sexual competence in young adult women who are about to get married. In the first phase, to identify the needs of acquiring sexual competence and to explore the strategies for improving sexual competence, a qualitative study will be conducted with a content analysis approach. Individual interviews will be conducted with women aged 18 to 25 about to get married, the teachers of pre-marriage classes, midwives, gynecologists, reproductive health specialists, psychiatrists, and psychologists who work in the field of sexual health. Based on the findings of this phase and after reviewing the literature, an intervention program to improve sexual competence in young adult women will be designed and prepared. After the experts approve the intervention program, in the second phase, a quantitative study will be conducted to determine the effect of the intervention program on improving the sexual competence of young adult women about to get married.


Asunto(s)
Matrimonio , Salud Sexual , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Conducta Sexual , Salud de la Mujer , Proyectos de Investigación
12.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298639, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394081

RESUMEN

Pregnancy termination is considered to have adverse effects on women's health and to have created financial, economic, and social problems in their lives. This study aimed to identify factors associated with pregnancy termination in Sri Lanka. The study used 2016 Sri Lanka Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data of 16,323 ever-married women aged 15-49, who were clustered in selected enumerated areas. A binary logistic random intercept multilevel model was fitted to find the association between pregnancy termination and the predictor variables in this study. The overall pregnancy termination rate among Sri Lankan women was 16.14%. Increasing age of women was found to be associated with increasing odds of pregnancy termination. Women who were overweight or obese had higher odds of pregnancy termination, with 14% and 36%, respectively, compared to women with a normal weight. With increasing parity, the likelihood of pregnancy termination decreased. Women who used contraceptives had a 24% higher likelihood of pregnancy termination than those who refrained from using them. Cohabiting women had a 57% higher chance of pregnancy termination. Working women had 15% higher odds than unemployed women. Women who experienced domestic violence had a 14% higher odds of pregnancy termination than those who did not. Women from the Northern, Eastern, and North Central provinces had a lower likelihood of pregnancy termination compared to those from the Western province. Women in the urban sector were more likely to terminate their pregnancy than those in the estate sector. Further, women residing in households where indoor smoking was permitted had a 13% greater chance of ending their pregnancy compared to non-smoking households. The study highlights the importance of restructuring education related to health and well-being, family planning, and work-life balancing for both women and their partners, and developing and implementing or strengthening policies and laws related to mitigating pregnancy termination including domestic violence for women.


Asunto(s)
Anticonceptivos , Salud de la Mujer , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Sri Lanka/epidemiología , Escolaridad , Composición Familiar
14.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 57: e20230056, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381890

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze puerperal women's experiences of sexual health after childbirth from the perspective of symbolic interactionism. METHOD: Descriptive, qualitative study. Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted by videoconference with women in the remote puerperium, captured by snowball technique and searched for "seeds" on Instagram®. Bardin's content analysis and Symbolic Interactionism were used as references. RESULTS: The puerperal women signify sexual health from a perspective of comprehensive healthcare. However, due to the duality between "being a woman" and "being a mother", they recognize fear, bodily transformations and changes in focus from the love relationship to caring for the baby as factors that interfere with sexual health. And they choose to put themselves aside, prioritizing caring for others. They re-signify sexual health by recognizing the importance of taking care of themselves in biopsychosocial aspects and try to recover self-care for a healthy sexual experience. CONCLUSION: Despite the meanings attributed, women's social interactions with the puerperium interfere negatively with sexual health. Professionals should be sensitized to the inclusion of actions that promote changes in the social action of these women towards self-care.


Asunto(s)
Salud Sexual , Interacción Social , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Parto/psicología , Periodo Posparto/psicología , Parto Obstétrico/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa , Salud de la Mujer
15.
Birth Defects Res ; 116(2): e2313, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348550

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The effects of climate and environmental changes (CEC) are being felt globally and will worsen over the next decade unless significant changes are made on a global level. Climate change is having serious consequences for health, particularly for vulnerable women and their offspring and less resilient individuals in communities with socioeconomic inequalities. To protect human health from CEC effects, efforts need to be directed toward building resilience strategies. Building political and economic power, as well as directly addressing CEC-related challenges, are critical components of climate resilience. Effective communication and tailored methods to engage women in preventive strategies are also necessary to ameliorate the deleterious effects of CEC on women's health. Furthermore, women from marginalized communities face more CEC-associated challenges. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, effective policies and programs targeting these at-risk populations-are crucial to improve the overall state of global health. In closing, it is time to increase awareness of the effects of CECs on women's health and their transgenerational effects in order to ensure that all people, regardless of race, ethnicity, education and income are protected from the detrimental effects of CECs.


Asunto(s)
Clorambucilo , Salud de la Mujer , Lactante , Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Etopósido , Lomustina , Inequidades en Salud
17.
Rev Saude Publica ; 58: 02, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381892

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of contraindicated use of combined hormonal contraceptives, progesterone-only contraceptives, and intrauterine devices in mothers participating in the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort according to the WHO medical eligibility criteria. METHODS: The biological mothers of children belonging to the 2015 Pelotas birth cohort who attended the 48-month follow-up were studied. The 48-month follow-up data were collected from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019. Contraindicated use of modern contraceptives was considered to occur when these women presented at least one of the contraindications for the use of modern contraceptives and were using these methods. The prevalence of contraindicated use was calculated according to each independent variable and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: The analyzed sample consisted of 3,053 women who used any modern contraceptive method. The prevalence of contraindicated use of modern contraceptives totaled 25.9% (95%CI: 24.4-27.5). Combined hormonal contraceptives showed the highest prevalence of contraindicated use (52.1%; 95%CI: 49.3-54.8). The prevalence of contraindicated use of modern contraceptives methods was greater in women with family income between one and three minimum wages, a 25-30 kg/m2 body mass index, indication by a gynecologist for the used method, and purchasing the contraceptive method at a pharmacy. The higher the women's education, the lower the prevalence of inappropriate use of modern contraceptives. CONCLUSION: In total, one in four women used modern contraceptives despite showing at least one contraindication. Policies regarding women's reproductive health should be strengthened.


Asunto(s)
Cohorte de Nacimiento , Anticonceptivos , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Brasil , Anticoncepción/métodos , Salud de la Mujer , Conducta Anticonceptiva
18.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 21(1): 4, 2024 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191462

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Women's physical activity varies across the adult lifespan. However, changes in physical activity among mid-aged women are not well understood. We analysed 21 years of data from women born in 1946-51 to identify: (1) trajectories of physical activity in the transition from mid- to old-age and (2) determinants of different physical activity trajectories. METHODS: Data were from the 1946-51 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (N = 10,371). Surveys were mailed at three-year intervals from 1998 (age 47-52) to 2019 (age 68-73) to collect data on physical activity, sociodemographic factors (country of birth, area of residence, educational attainment, marital status, income management, paid work hours, living with children age < 18, providing care), health indicators (menopause status, BMI, physical and mental health, chronic conditions), and health behaviours (smoking, alcohol status). Group-based trajectory modelling was used to identify trajectories of physical activity. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine the determinants of physical activity trajectories. RESULTS: Five trajectories were identified: Low-stable (13.3% of participants), Moderate-stable (50.4%), Moderate-increasing (22.2%), High-declining (7.7%), and High-stable (6.6%). Sociodemographic characteristics (area of residence, education, income management, living with children, and providing care) were determinants of physical activity trajectories, but the strongest factors were BMI, physical and mental health. Women who were overweight/obese and had poor physical and mental health were less likely to be in the High-stable group than in any other group. Changes in these variables (increasing BMI, and declining physical and mental health) and in marital status (getting married) were positively associated with being in trajectories other than the High-stable group. CONCLUSIONS: Although most women maintained physical activity at or above current guidelines, very low physical activity levels in the Low-stable group, and declining levels in the High-declining group are concerning. The data suggest that physical activity promotion strategies could be targeted to these groups, which are characterised by socioeconomic disadvantage, high (and increasing) BMI, and poor (and worsening) physical and mental health. Removing barriers to physical activity in these women, and increasing opportunities for activity, may reduce chronic disease risk in older age.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Salud de la Mujer , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Australia , Estudios Longitudinales , Escolaridad
19.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 27, 2024 01 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38184568

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postpartum dysfunctions and complications can occur in women. However, functional assessment should be conducted to make treatment plans before any intervention is implemented. In this context, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) may be a useful tool for women postpartum to document functional data and set rehabilitation goals. The purpose of this study was to determine the corresponding domains that should be considered in the evaluation of women's postpartum functioning based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) model using the Delphi method. METHODS: Fifteen domestic experts were invited to conduct two rounds of expert consensus survey on the ICF-based postpartum functional assessment category pool obtained through literature retrieval, clinical investigation, and reference to relevant literature. The sample was medical staff with professional knowledge of women's health. The opinions of experts were summarized, and the positive coefficient, authority coefficient and coordination degree of experts were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 15 domestic experts participated in this expert consensus. Through two rounds of a questionnaire survey, 69 items were finally selected to form the ICF-based postpartum functional assessment tool for women. The items included 32 items of body function, 12 items of body structure, 17 items of activity and participation, and 8 items of environmental factors. In addition, we identified 8 items of personal factors. The expert positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert consensus were both 100%, the authority coefficient was 0.789, and the coefficient of variation was between 0.09 to 0.31. CONCLUSION: A postpartum functional assessment tool for women based on the ICF model was constructed based on the Delphi method, which can provide more comprehensive health management and life intervention for postpartum women. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Registration number of the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry is ChiCTR2200066163, 25/11/2022.


Asunto(s)
Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, de la Discapacidad y de la Salud , Periodo Posparto , Femenino , Humanos , Correlación de Datos , Salud de la Mujer
20.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(1): e2350837, 2024 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198139

RESUMEN

Importance: The US has historically resettled more refugees than any other country, with over 3.5 million refugees since 1980. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest public funder of biomedical research and development, but its role in mitigating many health disparities refugees experience through its funded research remains unknown. Objective: To examine the NIH's research funding patterns on refugee health research over the last 2 decades. Design, Setting, and Participants: Secondary analysis of NIH-funded grants between 2000 and 2020 using a cross-sectional study design. The NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools database was used to find relevant grants. Data were analyzed from November 2021 to September 2022. Main Outcomes and Measures: NIH grants awarded by year, state, grant type, research area, funding institute, grant duration, and amount funded. Results: Of 1.7 million NIH grants funded over the 20-year study period, only 78 addressed refugee health. Funded grants were mostly training grants (23 grants [29%]), followed by hypothesis-driven research (R01 grants; 22 grants [28%]), pilot or preliminary investigation proposals (13 grants [17%]), and other types of grants (20 grants [26%]). The most studied research domain was mental health (36 grants [46%]), followed by refugee family dynamics and women's and children's health (14 grants [18%]). A total of 26 grants (33%) were funded by the National Institute of Mental Health and 15 (19%) were funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Most grants were US-based (60 grants [76%]) and the state of Massachusetts received the greatest amount of funding ($14 825 852 [18%]). In 2020, the NIH allocated about $2.3 million to refugee health research, or less than 0.01% of its $42 billion budget that year. The number of grants funded in each time period did not always reflect changes in the number of refugees resettled in the US over the years. Conclusions and Relevance: This cross-sectional study found that there remain significant gaps in the understanding of and interventions in the health research needs of refugees locally and along the migratory route. To close these gaps, the NIH should increase its investments in comprehensive studies assessing the physical, mental, and social well-being of this expanding population. This can be achieved by ensuring that all NIH institutes allocate budgets specifically for refugee health research and extend support for the training of refugee researchers.


Asunto(s)
Refugiados , Estados Unidos , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Salud Infantil , Estudios Transversales , Salud de la Mujer , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
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