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1.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553825

RESUMO

Introdução: O conhecimento da magnitude em que a população implementa medidas de proteção emitidas pelas autoridades de saúde pública é essencial na prevenção da doença do novo coronavírus (COVID-19). A eficácia de medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção e das políticas públicas destinadas a reduzir o contágio pela COVID-19 depende de quão bem os indivíduos são informados sobre as consequências da infecção e as medidas que devem adotar para reduzir sua propagação. O entendimento, as atitudes e as práticas das pessoas em relação à COVID-19 e sua prevenção são basilares para a compreensão da dinâmica epidemiológica, demandando a realização de pesquisas sobre o cumprimento de medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção do contágio em diversos territórios. Para isso, em 2020, medidas não farmacológicas contra a COVID-19 foram divulgadas por fontes diversas, estatais e privadas, para a maior parte da população brasileira, com a finalidade de orientar comportamentos para conter a crise sanitária. As equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família têm um papel fundamental neste processo de educação em saúde, pois compreendem elementos socioculturais das suas comunidades, alcançando-as tanto em capilaridade quanto em adequação local da informação técnico-científica. Este artigo abrange uma pesquisa de campo, parte de um projeto multicêntrico nacional. Objetivo: Avaliar se a população do território de uma unidade da Estratégia Saúde da Família da cidade de Condado-PE entende e aplica as informações que recebeu sobre medidas não farmacológicas de prevenção em suas práticas de proteção contra a COVID-19. Mais especificamente, a pesquisa visou determinar que informações foram recebidas pelos respondentes, quais as suas fontes, o grau de confiabilidade atribuído a estas, além da adesão deles às medidas não farmacológicas e sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas. Métodos: O modelo do estudo foi observacional e descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, a partir da coleta de dados primários com 70 usuários por entrevista presencial com questionário estruturado. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a população recebeu vasta informação sobre prevenção da doença. Conclusão: Com níveis variados de confiabilidade das fontes, atribuindo importância relevante às medidas de prevenção e adotou a maioria delas, com exceção do isolamento social total.


Introduction: Knowledge of the magnitude to which the population implements protective measures issued by public health authorities is essential in preventing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The effectiveness of non-pharmacological prevention measures (NPM) and public policies aimed at reducing the spread of COVID-19 depends on how well individuals are informed about the consequences of the infection and the measures they must adopt to reduce its spread. The understanding, attitudes, and practices of people in relation to COVID-19 and its prevention are fundamental for understanding the epidemiological dynamics, demanding research on compliance with NPM to prevent contagion in different territories. To this end, in 2020, NPM against COVID-19 were released by various sources, state and private, for most of the Brazilian population, with the aim of guiding behaviors to contain the health crisis. The Family Health Strategy (FHS) teams play a key role in this health education process, as they comprise sociocultural elements of their communities, reaching them both in capillarity and in local adequacy of technical-scientific information. This article covers field research, part of a national multicenter project. Objective: To evaluate whether the population of the territory of an FHS unit in the city of Condado, Pernambuco, understands and applies the information it received about NPM prevention in their practices to protect against COVID-19. More specifically, the research aimed to determine what information was received by the respondents, what are their sources, the degree of reliability attributed to these, in addition to their adherence to the NPM and their relationship with sociodemographic variables. Methods: The study model was observational and descriptive, with a quantitative approach, based on the collection of primary data with 70 users through face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire. Results: The results showed that the population received extensive information on disease prevention. Conclusion: With varying levels of reliability of the sources, attributing relevant importance to prevention measures and adopted most of them, with the exception of total social isolation.


El conocimiento de la magnitud con la que la población implementa las medidas de protección emitidas por las autoridades de salud pública es fundamental en la prevención de la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). La efectividad de las medidas de prevención no farmacológicas (MFN) y de las políticas públicas dirigidas a reducir la propagación de la COVID-19 depende de qué tan bien se informe a las personas sobre las consecuencias de la infección y las medidas que deben adoptar para reducir su propagación. La comprensión, actitudes y prácticas de las personas con relación al COVID-19 y su prevención son fundamentales para comprender la dinámica epidemiológica, exigiendo investigaciones sobre el cumplimiento de las MNF para prevenir el contagio en diferentes territorios. Con ese fin, en 2020, MNF contra el COVID-19 fueron divulgados por diversas fuentes, estatales y privadas, para la mayoría de la población brasileña, con el objetivo de orientar comportamientos para contener la crisis sanitaria. Los equipos de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ESF) juegan un papel fundamental en este proceso de educación en salud, ya que integran elementos socioculturales de sus comunidades, alcanzándolas tanto en la capilaridad como en la adecuación local de la información técnico-científica. Este artículo aborda una investigación de campo, parte de un proyecto multicéntrico nacional, con el objetivo de evaluar si la población del territorio de una unidad de la ESF en la ciudad de Condado-PE comprende y aplica la información recibida sobre la prevención de MNF en sus prácticas de protección contra el COVID -19. Más específicamente, la investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar qué información recibieron los encuestados, cuáles son sus fuentes, el grado de confiabilidad atribuido a estas, además de su adherencia al MNF y su relación con variables sociodemográficas. El modelo de estudio fue observacional y descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, basado en la recolección de datos primarios con 70 usuarios a través de entrevistas cara a cara con un cuestionario estructurado. Los resultados mostraron que la población recibió amplia información sobre prevención de la enfermedad, con diversos niveles de confiabilidad de las fuentes, atribuyendo importancia relevante a las medidas de prevención y adoptando la mayoría de ellas, con excepción del aislamiento social total.

2.
Univ. salud ; 26(2): D16-D27, mayo-agosto 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553971

RESUMO

Introducción: La pandemia por COVID-19 ha afectado significativamente la calidad de los servicios de cuidado de la salud. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos en los atributos de la calidad en salud de los servicios de atención de enfermedades diferentes a la COVID-19 en Colombia, durante el periodo 2020-2022. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron 24 artículos de alcance nacional y otros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander y Cundinamarca. Resultados: La pandemia por COVID-19 impactó la calidad de los servicios en la atención de enfermedades como cáncer, accidentes cerebrovasculares y de eventos como la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. Conclusión: La calidad de la salud se vio afectada en todas sus dimensiones durante las fases de la pandemia, especialmente en la población con enfermedades crónicas y relacionadas con la salud infantil y materna. Además, se destacaron respuestas como el uso de la telemedicina y de la atención domiciliaria para contribuir a la calidad de la salud en Colombia.


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected the quality of health care services. Objective: To analyze the effects of COVID-19 on the quality of health care services focused on treating diseases other than COVID-19 in Colombia during the 2020-2022 period. Materials and methods: 24 articles were analyzed, which included some studies focused on national issues and others specific to the departments of Antioquia, Cordoba, Santander, and Cundinamarca. Results: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the quality of health services caring for diseases such as cancer, strokes, and critical circumstances like voluntary termination of pregnancy. Conclusion: All dimensions of health care were affected during the pandemic, especially impacting populations with chronic diseases and diseases related to child and maternal health. It is important to highlight that telemedicine and home care contributed to improving the quality of health in Colombia.


Introdução: A pandemia de COVID-19 afetou significativamente a qualidade dos serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos da COVID-19 nos atributos de qualidade em saúde dos serviços de atenção a outras doenças além da COVID-19 na Colômbia, durante o período 2020-2022. Materiais e métodos: foram analisados 24 artigos de âmbito nacional e outros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander e Cundinamarca. Resultados: A pandemia da COVID-19 impactou a qualidade dos serviços no cuidado de doenças como câncer, acidente vascular cerebral e eventos como a interrupção voluntária da gravidez. Conclusão: A qualidade da saúde foi afetada em todas as suas dimensões durante as fases da pandemia, especialmente na população com doenças crônicas e doenças relacionadas à saúde infantil e materna. Além disso, foram destacadas respostas como o uso da telemedicina e do atendimento domiciliar para contribuir para a qualidade da saúde na Colômbia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção à Saúde , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde
3.
SAGE Open Nurs ; 10: 23779608241253977, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770424

RESUMO

Introduction: The literature indicates that pandemics significantly impact the mental health of frontline health workers. While the effects of COVID-19 on the mental health of frontline nurses have been studied, their lived experiences remain insufficiently explored. Objective: This study aims to investigate the lived experience of nurses who were deployed to support Wuhan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This study adopted a qualitative study design. A purposive sample of fifteen nurses were recruited from a group of nurses who supported Wuhan during COVID-19 pandemic. The data was collected during May and June 2020. Data collection occurred in May and June 2020, employing semistructured interviews conducted via telephone. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was utilized to analyze the collected data by two independent researchers. This report follows the COREQ checklist. Results: Frontline nurses supporting Wuhan likened their experience to being on a battlefield. Four superordinate themes emerged: (1) mobilization for combating COVID-19; (2) rapid adaption to a dynamic high-stress environment; (3) navigating psychological distress; and (4) the journey home. Conclusion: This study offers comprehensive insights into the lived experience of nurses deployed from other provinces to assist COVID patients in Wuhan. The findings indicate that despite facing a variety of challenges, these frontline nurses were capable of rapid adaptation and successfully fulfilled their roles. Recommendations for future preparedness in public health emergencies are provided. Additionally, follow-up research is warranted to explore the long-term effects of frontline experience on the mental health of the nurses and their family members.

4.
Public Health ; 232: 114-120, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To set up and evaluate a new surveillance system for severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) in Scotland. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and evaluation of surveillance system. METHODS: The SARI case definition comprised patients aged 16 years or over with an acute respiratory illness presentation requiring testing for influenza and SARS-CoV-2 and hospital admission. Data were collected from SARI cases by research nurses in one tertiary teaching hospital using a bespoke data collection tool from November 2021 to May 2022. Descriptive analyses of SARI cases were carried out. The following attributes of the surveillance system were evaluated according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines: stability, data quality, timeliness, positive predictive value, representativeness, simplicity, acceptability and flexibility. RESULTS: The final surveillance dataset comprised 1163 records, with cases peaking in ISO week 50 (week ending 19/12/2021). The system produced a stable stream of surveillance data, with the proportion of SARI records with sufficient information for effective surveillance increasing from 65.4% during the first month to 87.0% over time. Similarly, the proportion where data collection was completed promptly was low initially, but increased to 50%-65% during later periods. CONCLUSION: SARI surveillance was successfully established in one hospital, but for a national system, additional sentinel hospital sites across Scotland, with flexibility to ensure consistently high data completeness and timeliness are needed. Data collection should be automated where possible, and demands on clinicians minimised. SARI surveillance should be embedded and resourced as part of a national respiratory surveillance strategy.

5.
JMA J ; 7(2): 213-221, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721095

RESUMO

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have led to an increase in home deaths due to hospital bed shortage and hospital visitation restrictions. This study aimed to examine changes in the proportion of home deaths before and after the COVID-19 pandemic and identify associated factors. Methods: We used publicly available nationwide data to describe the proportion of home deaths among total deaths from 2015 to 2021. Furthermore, we used municipal-level data to examine the factors associated with the increase in the proportion of home deaths from 2019 to 2021. The dependent variable was the absolute change in the proportion of home deaths from 2019 to 2021. The independent variables included each municipality's 2019 home death percentage, medical and long-term care (LTC) resources divided by the population of older people, population density, and cumulative number of COVID-19 cases. A multivariable linear regression analysis was conducted after the standardization of each variable. Results: The proportions of home deaths in 2015, 2019, and 2021 were 12.7%, 13.6%, and 17.2%, respectively, indicating a sharp increase in home death rate after the COVID-19 pandemic. In the multivariable linear regression analysis that included 1,696 municipalities, conventional home care support clinics and hospitals (HCSCs) (coefficient [95% confidence intervals (CIs)], 0.19 [0.01-0.37]), enhanced HCSCs (0.53 [0.34-0.71]), home-visiting nurses (0.26 [0.06-0.46]), population density (0.44 [0.21-0.67]), and cumulative COVID-19 cases (0.49 [0.27-0.70]) were positively associated with the increase in home deaths, whereas beds of LTC welfare facilities (-0.55 [-0.74--0.37]) and the proportion of home deaths in 2019 (-1.24 [-1.44--1.05]) were negatively associated with the increase. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, home deaths significantly increased, particularly in densely populated areas with high cumulative COVID-19 cases. HCSCs, especially enhanced HCSCs, are crucial for meeting the demand for home-based end-of-life care.

6.
Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res ; 29(2): 180-186, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721232

RESUMO

Background: Given the limited presence of students in universities and the closure of educational centers, including nursing schools, during the COVID-19 outbreak, there has been a significant shift toward e-learning. However, there is a lack of research in this area. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the experiences of undergraduate nursing students with e-learning during the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020. Materials and Methods: This qualitative-descriptive study focused on 12 undergraduate nursing students from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The participants were selected using purposive sampling. In-depth and semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect the data. The collected data were analyzed using MAXQDA10 and conventional content analysis. The study was conducted between May and September 2020. Results: Analysis of the findings led to the emergence of 11 subcategories and two main categories: E-Learning opportunities and Challenges of E-Learning, providing a comprehensive description of the experiences reported by the participants. Conclusions: Unforeseen crises, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, can significantly affect the quality of education by disrupting face-to-face learning. To mitigate such disruptions, it is crucial to plan and establish infrastructure that supports alternative modes of education, such as e-learning. Additionally, providing training to students and educators on effectively utilizing digital platforms and producing electronic content can help ensure a smoother transition during crises.

7.
Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res ; 29(2): 187-193, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721240

RESUMO

Background: With the prolonged COVID-19 disease control time, concerns about the caring ability of clinically exposed nurses have increased. This study aimed to investigate Compassion Satisfaction (CS), Burnout (BO), and Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) as elements of Professional Quality of Life among nurses in COVID-19 settings. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive online national survey, 427 clinical nurses who had worked in the COVID-19 wards from all Iran provinces answered the Persian version of the Professional Quality of Life Scale as the profile tool with three subscales, including CS, BO, and STS. Data were collected using email, Short Message Service (SMS), and social networks from December 2020 to February 2021. Results: The mean (SD) score of CS was 38.86 (9.00), the mean (SD) score of BO was 18.60 (4.08), and STS was 34.74 (7.02). STS was substantially more prevalent among married nurses whose Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests were positive for themselves or at least one family member (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Clinical nurses who respond to the COVID-19 crisis are at risk of STS and BO. In pandemic situations like COVID-19, it is necessary to consider supportive interventions to increase satisfaction and reduce burnout and secondary traumatic stress in nurses.

8.
Glob Ment Health (Camb) ; 11: e54, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721485

RESUMO

Background: Chinese nurses working with immense stress may have issues with burnout during COVID-19 regular prevention and control. There were a few studies investigating status of burnout and associated factors among Chinese nurses. However, the relationships remained unclear. Objectives: To investigate status and associated factors of nurses' burnout during COVID-19 regular prevention and control. Methods: 784 nurses completed questionnaires including demographics, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Insomnia Severity Index, Impact of Event Scale-revised, Perceived Social Support Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, General Self-efficacy Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: 310 (39.5%), 393 (50.1%) and 576 (73.5%) of respondents were at high risk of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). The risk of EE, DP and reduced PA were moderate, high and high. Nurses with intermediate and senior professional rank and title and worked >40 h every week had lower scores in EE. Those worked in low-risk department reported lower scores in PA. Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), self-efficacy and social support were influencing factors of EE and DP, while social support and resilience were associated factors of PA. Conclusion: Chinese nurses' burnout during COVID-19 regular prevention and control was serious. Professional rank and title, working unit, weekly working hours, anxiety, PTSD, self-efficacy, social support and resilience were associated factors of burnout.

9.
J Infect Public Health ; 17(6): 1117-1124, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical manifestation and severity of COVID-19 infection represented as a composite outcome (hospital or ICU admission, or in-hospital death) among infected fully vaccinated HCWs, the RT-PCR test Ct value (Cycle Threshold) of positive fully vaccinated HCWs, and we measure the interval from the second vaccine to acquiring the infection. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted in different regions at (16) Ministry of Defense Health Services (MODHS) hospitals. Data were restricted to fully vaccinated (minimum of 2 doses) HCWs who had a confirmed positive PCR test and employed in MODHS hospitals from August 2021 to March 2022. RESULTS: A total of 45862 HCWs were vaccinated as of Aug 2021. Of these 1253 participants met the selection criteria and were included in the study. The average age of infected HCWs was 35.27 years (SD = ± 8.10) of which 57% were females. The HCWs were employed as doctors (24%), nurses (33%), and other (43%). The most administered vaccine type was mRNA (44%) followed by Adenovirus Viral Vector (39%) and mixed vaccine (17%). The incidence of COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough (BT) infection among HCWs was observed at 2.73% (m-RNA 3.19%, Viral Vector 2.83% and mixed 1.87%). CONCLUSION: the overall COVID-19 (BT) infection incidence proportion was (2.73%), with the Mixed vaccine group showing the lowest (BT) incidence proportion (1.87%). The most commonly reported symptoms among (BT) infections were cough (51%), sore throat (51%), fever (47%), headache (31%), and runny nose (23%), with overall (6%) asymptomatic (BT) infections. We had (1%) hospital admissions, Zero ICU admission, and Zero deaths. our finding may indicate that infection affecting fully vaccinated patients were less severe and mostly affected the upper respiratory tract.

10.
J Hosp Infect ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interview and questionnaire studies have identified barriers and challenges to preventing surgical site infections (SSIs) by focusing on compliance with recommendations and care bundles using interviews, questionnaires and expert panels. This study proposes a more comprehensive investigation by using observations of clinical practice plus interviews which will enable a wider focus. AIM: To comprehensively identify the factors which affect SSI prevention using cardiac surgery as an exemplar. METHODS: One hundred and thirty hours of observed clinical practice followed by individual semi-structured interviews with 16 surgeons, anaesthetists, theatre staff and nurses at four cardiac centres in England. Data were analysed thematically. FINDINGS: The factors were complex and existed at the level of the intervention, the individual, the team, the organisation and even the wider society. Factors included: the attributes of the intervention; the relationship between evidence, personal beliefs and perceived risk; power and hierarchy; leadership and culture; resources; infrastructure; supplies; organisation and planning; patient engagement and power; hospital administration; workforce shortages; Covid-19 pandemic; 'Brexit'; and the war in Ukraine. CONCLUSION: This is one of the first studies to provide a comprehensive overview of the factors affecting SSI prevention. The factors are complex and need to be fully understood when trying to reduce SSIs. A strong evidence-base was insufficient to ensure implementation of an intervention.

11.
J Adv Nurs ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725161

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to gain a better understanding of nursing/midwifery students' perspectives on a pedagogy of caring and online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, it aimed to determine if the COVID-19 pandemic impacted students' perceptions and experience of online learning and students' desire to enter the nursing/midwifery workforce. DESIGN: Mixed methods. METHODS: A multi-centre cross-sectional survey of Australian nursing and midwifery students was undertaken to explore students' experience of learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: There are several key findings from this study that may be relevant for the future delivery of undergraduate health education, students transitioning to practice and healthcare workforce retention. The study found that although students were somewhat satisfied with online learning during COVID-19, students reported significant issues with knowledge/skill acquisition and barriers to the learning process. The students reported feeling less prepared for practice and identified how clinical staff were unable to provide additional guidance and support due to increased workloads and stress. The textual responses of participants highlighted that connection/disconnection, empathy and engagement/disengagement had an impact on learning during COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Connection, engagement and isolation were key factors that impacted nursing students' online learning experiences. In addition, graduates entering the workforce felt less prepared for entry into practice due to changes in education delivery during COVID-19 that they perceived impacted their level of clinical skills, confidence and ability to practice as new graduate nurses/midwives. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: Not applicable. IMPACT: Attention must be given to the transition of new graduate nurses and midwives whose education was impacted by pandemic restrictions, to support their professional career development and to ensure retention of future healthcare workforce. Connection, engagement and isolation were key factors that impacted nursing students' online learning experiences. Educators should consider how connection and engagement can be actively embedded in the online learning environment.

12.
West J Nurs Res ; : 1939459241252078, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess subjective and objective parameters of stress among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic and to examine the recovery effect of a day off. METHODS: In this prospective observational trial, we measured heart rate variability (using a wearable device) and perceived stress levels on 3 working days and 1 day off. We obtained the following data using an online questionnaire: working conditions, COVID-19-related problems, depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), effort-reward imbalance, and work-family conflict in a sample of German nurses (N = 41). RESULTS: When comparing working days with a day off, we observed a significant difference for physical load (Cohen's d = 0.798, P < .001), mental load (Cohen's d = 0.660, P = .001), emotional exhaustion (Cohen's d = 0.945, P < .001), and overburdening (Cohen's d = 0.585, P = .002) with higher scores on working days. Regarding heart rate variability, we did not find a difference. Correlational analyses revealed a significant association between being afraid to get infected with COVID-19 and lower heart rate variability (r = -0.336, P = .045) and between being afraid to infect relatives and lower heart rate variability (r = -0.442, P = .007). Furthermore, a higher total sum score of work-family conflict was significantly associated with lower heart rate variability (r = -0.424, P = .01). CONCLUSION: As heart rate variability observations were different from those regarding subjectively perceived stress, further studies are needed to evaluate and differentiate the influence of work stress and other types of stress on heart rate variability.

13.
Age Ageing ; 53(5)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first wave of COVID led to an alarmingly high mortality rate among nursing home residents (NHRs). In hospitalised patients, the use of anticoagulants may be associated with a favourable prognosis. However, it is unknown whether the use of antithrombotic medication also protected NHRs from COVID-19-related mortality. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of current antithrombotic therapy in NHRs with COVID-19 on 30-day all-cause mortality during the first COVID-19 wave. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study linking electronic health records and pharmacy data in NHRs with COVID-19. A propensity score was used to match NHRs with current use of therapeutic dose anticoagulants to NHRs not using anticoagulant medication. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality, which was evaluated using a logistic regression model. In a secondary analysis, multivariable logistic regression was performed in the complete study group to compare NHRs with current use of therapeutic dose anticoagulants and those with current use of antiplatelet therapy to those without such medication. RESULTS: We included 3521 NHRs with COVID-19 based on a positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 or with a well-defined clinical suspicion of COVID-19. In the matched propensity score analysis, NHRs with current use of therapeutic dose anticoagulants had a significantly lower all-cause mortality (OR = 0.73; 95% CI: 0.58-0.92) compared to NHRs who did not use therapeutic anticoagulants. In the secondary analysis, current use of therapeutic dose anticoagulants (OR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.48-0.82) and current use of antiplatelet therapy (OR 0.80; 95% CI: 0.64-0.99) were both associated with decreased mortality. CONCLUSIONS: During the first COVID-19 wave, therapeutic anticoagulation and antiplatelet use were associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality in NHRs. Whether these potentially protective effects are maintained in vaccinated patients or patients with other COVID-19 variants, remains unknown.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , COVID-19 , Casas de Saúde , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidade , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , SARS-CoV-2 , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Pediatr Qual Saf ; 9(3): e726, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751893

RESUMO

Background: Pediatric cardiac patients have experienced evolving illnesses progressing to instability while awaiting inpatient admission from ambulatory settings. Admission delays and communication breakdowns increase the risk for tenuous patients. This quality improvement initiative aimed to improve safety and efficiency for patients admitted from an ambulatory Clinic to the Acute Cardiac Care Unit (ACCU) using standardized communication and admission processes within one year. Methods: An admission process map, in-clinic nurse monitoring, and communication pathways were developed and implemented. A standardized team handoff occurred via virtual huddle using illness severity, patient summary, action list, situational awareness, and synthesis. Escalation of care events and timeliness were compared pre- and postimplementation. Results: There was a reduction of transfers to the intensive care unit within 24 hours of ACCU admission from 9.2% to 3.8% (P = 0.26), intensive care unit evaluations (without transfer) from 5.6% to 0% (P = 0.06), and arrests from 3.7% to 0% (P = 0.16). After the pilot, clinic nurses monitored 100% of at-risk patients. Overall mean time from admission decision to virtual huddle decreased from 81 to 61 minutes and mean time to admission from 144 to 115 minutes, with 41% (n = 33) arriving ≤ 60 minutes (goal). The COVID-19 pandemic negatively affected admission timeliness while safety metrics remained optimized. Conclusions: Implementing a standardized admission process between the Clinic and ACCU enhanced safety by reducing admission wait time and escalation of care post-admission. Sustainable, reliable handoff processes, in-clinic monitoring, and standardized admission processes were established. The pandemic hindered admission efficiency without compromising safety.

15.
Gac Med Mex ; 160(1): 9-16, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On December 31, 2019, one of the most serious pandemics in recent times made its appearance. Certain health conditions, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus, have been described to be related to COVID-19 unfavorable outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of 998,639 patients. Patient sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were analyzed, with survivors being compared with the deceased individuals. Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify variables predictive of COVID-19-associated mortality. RESULTS: Among the deceased patients, men accounted for 64.3%, and women, for 35.7%, with the difference being statistically significant. Subjects older than 80 years had a 13-fold higher risk of dying from COVID-19 (95% CI = 12,469, 13,586), while chronic kidney disease entailed a risk 1.5 times higher (95% CI = 1,341, 1,798), and diabetes mellitus involved a risk 1.25 times higher (95% CI = 1.238,1.276). CONCLUSIONS: Age, sex, diabetes mellitus and obesity were found to be predictors of COVID-19 mortality. Further research related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular diseases, smoking and pregnancy is suggested.


ANTECEDENTES: El 31 de diciembre de 2019, se inició una de las pandemias más graves de los últimos tiempos. Se ha descrito que ciertas condiciones de salud, como la obesidad y la diabetes mellitus, están relacionadas con desenlaces desfavorables por COVID-19. OBJETIVO: Identificar factores asociados a mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Cohorte retrospectiva de 998 639 pacientes. Se analizaron las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de los pacientes, y se compararon supervivientes con fallecidos. Se utilizó el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para la identificación de variables predictivas de defunción por COVID-19. RESULTADOS: Entre los fallecidos, los hombres representaron 64.3 % y las mujeres 35.7 %, diferencia que resultó estadísticamente significativa. Las personas con más de 80 años presentaron un riesgo 13 veces mayor de morir por COVID-19 (IC 95 % = 12.469,13.586) y la enfermedad renal crónica, un riesgo de 1.5 (IC 95 % = 1.341, 1.798); la diabetes mellitus tuvo un riesgo de 1.25 (IC 95 % = 1.238,1.276). CONCLUSIONES: La edad, el sexo, la diabetes mellitus y la obesidad resultaron ser entidades predictivas de muerte por COVID-19. Se sugiere más investigación relacionada con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, enfermedades cardiovasculares, tabaquismo y embarazo.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Obesidade , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , México/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto , Obesidade/mortalidade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia
16.
Wound Manag Prev ; 70(1)2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds include lower extremity ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure injuries, and can take months or years to heal. Wounds place a high burden on outpatient and inpatient care settings. This burden is expected to increase markedly in the United States as the population ages and with increased rates of diabetes, obesity, and COVID-19. PURPOSE: To articulate the effect of chronic, hard-to-heal wounds on acute care facilities, and how a few days of inpatient care can have a significant effect on the healing trajectory. METHODS: An expert panel of 7 members, all with extensive knowledge and experience in the assessment and treatment of chronic wounds in an acute care setting, was convened in March 2022. The panel discussed the role of hospitals as part of the longer-term healing pathway of chronic wounds. RESULTS: Chronic wounds have a significant effect on hospitals that includes unseen costs, bed occupancy, demands on bedside nurses, and wound complications that lead to extended stays or readmissions. A successful inpatient wound program offers appropriate identification of previously undiagnosed wounds, elevation of bedside care through simplified protocols, quickly and easily understood education and easy dressing selection, and comprehensive discharge planning with a multidisciplinary team for continuity of care and reduced risk of readmission. CONCLUSION: Hospitals can play a key role in the management of chronic wounds, thus reducing the effect on each facility and the wider care network.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cicatrização , Humanos , Doença Crônica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/fisiopatologia , Estados Unidos , Pé Diabético/terapia , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Úlcera por Pressão/terapia , Úlcera por Pressão/diagnóstico
17.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754126

RESUMO

Objective: The objective is to expose the cardiovascular alterations in patients diagnosed with pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS) associated with COVID-19 during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, in order to understand the disease, its evolution, and optimal management upon diagnosis. Method: Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional analytical study of patients diagnosed with PIMS according to the criteria of the World Health Organization at the National Institute of Pediatrics, from March 2020 to December 2021. Results: During the study period, 77 patients with PIMS were diagnosed. The results showed correlation between the shock state and alteration of laboratory markers (platelets 144217.29 ± 139321.6 µL [p < 0.001], procalcitonin 27.37 ± 38.37 ng/ml [p = 0.05] and ferritin 1937.87 ± 2562.63 [p < 0.001]). The ventricular function in patients with shock was significantly lower compared to those without shock (49.6 ± 9.1% vs. 58.1 ± 8.4 %; t-Student p < 0.001), as well as injury to the left coronary artery (p = 0.02). There is a correlation between NT-proBNP and ventricular dysfunction (Kruskal-Wallis p = 0.007). Statistical significance was found in the association between death, elevation of inflammatory markers and ventricular dysfunction (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The cardiovascular alterations observed, in order of frequency, were pericardial effusion (25.7%), myocarditis (15%), mild ventricular dysfunction (13.5%) and small coronary aneurysm with predominance of the left coronary artery and the anterior descending one.


Objetivo: Exponer las alteraciones cardiovasculares en los pacientes diagnosticados con síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico pediátrico (PIMS) asociado a COVID-19 durante la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 con el fin de comprender la enfermedad, su evolución y el manejo óptimo al diagnóstico. Método: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional, transversal y analítico de pacientes con diagnóstico de PIMS de acuerdo con los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud en el Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, de marzo de 2020 a diciembre de 2021. Resultados: Durante el periodo de estudio se diagnosticaron 77 pacientes con PIMS. Los resultados demostraron una correlación entre el estado de choque y la alteración de los marcadores de laboratorio (plaquetas 144217.29 ± 139321.6 µl [p < 0.001], procalcitonina 27.37 ± 38.37 ng/ml [p = 0.05] y ferritina 1937.87 ± 2562.63 [p < 0.001]). La función ventricular en los pacientes con choque se registró significativamente menor en comparación con aquellos sin choque (49.6 ± 9.1 % vs. 58.1 ± 8.4 %; t de Student p < 0.001), así como lesión en la arteria coronaria izquierda (p = 0.02). Existe una correlación entre el NT-proBNP y la disfunción ventricular (Kruskal-Wallis p = 0.007). Se encontró significancia estadística en la asociación entre fallecimiento, elevación de los marcadores inflamatorios y disfunción ventricular (p < 0.001). Conclusiones: Las alteraciones cardiovasculares observadas fueron, en orden de frecuencia, derrame pericárdico (25.7%), miocarditis (15%), disfunción ventricular leve (13.5%) y aneurisma pequeño coronario con predominio de la arteria coronaria izquierda y la descendente anterior.

18.
Indian J Med Ethics ; IX(2): 114-120, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Care provision received renewed attention during the Covid-19 pandemic as several healthcare providers vied for the coveted title of "frontline warrior" while they struggled to provide care efficiently under varying health system constraints. While several studies on the health workforce during the pandemic highlighted their difficulties, there is little reflection on what "care" or "caring" itself meant specifically for community health workers (CHWs) as they navigated different community and health systems settings. The aim of the study was to examine CHWs' care-giving experiences during the pandemic. METHODS: Twenty narrative interviews with CHWs including ASHAs (Accredited Social Health Activists) and ANMs (Auxiliary Nurse Midwives) were conducted in different states between July and December 2020. RESULTS: Our findings highlight the moral, affectual, and relational dimensions of care in the CHWs' engagement with their routine and Covid-19 related services, as well as the "technical" aspects of it. In this article, we argue that these two aspects are, in fact, enmeshed in complex ways. CHWs extend this moral understanding not just to their work, but also to their relationship with the health system and the government, as they express a deep sense of neglect and the lack of "being cared for" by the health system. CONCLUSION: CHWs' experiences demand a more nuanced understanding of the ethics of care or caring that challenges the binaries between the "technical" and moral aspects of care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/psicologia , Feminino , Índia , Pandemias , Masculino , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Atenção à Saúde/ética , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758138

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 is highly contagious and has the potential to cause nosocomial infections, has placed a strong pressure on worldwide healthcare systems over the last years. Nosocomial infection has many influencing factors, among which the unreasonable operation of nurses accounts for 30.0%-50.0%. Therefore, strengthening the professional skill training of nurses is of great significance in reducing the nosocomial infection rate. Objective: This research aimed to explore the effectiveness of the training of nosocomial infection control on the competencies of specialist nurses under the background of the new crown epidemic based on competency-based theory. Design: This was a retrospective study. Setting: This study was performed in Dongfang Hospital, Affiliated to Tongji University. Participants: A total of 84 key nurses, each of them recommended by one department from June 2020 to June 2021, were chosen as study subjects, and they could actively participate in the training. Interventions: Nurses received systematic and standardized training based on competency-based theory under the background of coronavirus disease 2019, including focus group meeting, training of core emergency capability, teaching training and contingency plan for COVID-19 infection. Primary Outcome Measures: (1) core competence (2) job fit (3) core emergency response for major infectious diseases, and (4) nurses' satisfaction. All these primary outcomes can reflect the competencies of specialist nurses after training. Results: The scores in critical thinking and scientific research, clinical nursing, ethics and legal practice, professional development, education consulting and professional knowledge, professional skills, comprehensive quality, and professional ability of nurses training were higher than those before (P = .000). After training, the scores in relevant matters needing attention (international rescue, bioterrorist attacks, and infectious disease emergencies after natural disasters), filling in the People's Republic of China Infectious Disease Report Card, and the scope of reporting infectious disease emergencies were all higher than before (P = .000). All nurses had relatively high satisfaction with the curriculum setting and assessment form, with satisfaction of 100.0%, followed by training duration, with satisfaction of 92.86%. Conclusion: Under the background of coronavirus disease 2019, based on competence-based theory, training of nosocomial infection control specialist nurses could improve their core competence, job fit, and core emergency response capabilities, with high satisfaction. Under the background of the normalization of the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic, the training model based on competence-based theory of nurses is worth promoting.

20.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1362009, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726229

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to analyze the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infodemic phenomenon in the medical field, providing essential data to help healthcare professionals understand it. Methods: This study utilized a hybrid model for concept analysis. In the theoretical phase (first phase), a literature review was conducted using ScienceDirect, PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, Scopus, Web of Science, DBpia, RISS, and KISS. Semi-structured interviews, involving eight physicians and six nurses, were used in the fieldwork phase (second phase). In the final analysis phase (third phase), the results of the preceding phases were combined. Results: Based on the findings of these phases, the COVID-19 infodemic can be defined as "the phenomenon of information flood, reproduction, dissemination, and asymmetry, which occurred during the pandemic through social networks among the public lacking essential knowledge of infectious disease, and is associated with negative and positive effects." Conclusion: Our findings can help the Ministry of Health and Welfare and healthcare professionals to understand the phenomenon of the infodemic and prepare necessary strategies and education programs for the public. Therefore, the provision of basic data is important for developing influential roles for healthcare professionals during infectious disease outbreaks.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Disseminação de Informação , Formação de Conceito , Feminino , Masculino
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