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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609762

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Oral mucormycosis is uncommon in pediatric patients with hematolymphoid diseases. Prosthetic rehabilitation is challenging, and protocols are scarce in the literature. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical report and systematic literature review of case reports and case series was to describe the clinicopathologic aspects of oral mucormycosis and the interim prosthetic rehabilitation of an affected infant. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical lesions were ulcerative and necrotic with underlying bone exposure that affected the hard palate. The affected area underwent surgical debridement, and histopathologic analysis was performed. A literature search in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science up to October 2023 was performed. RESULTS: The histopathological features were consistent with mucormycosis. Topical and systemic antifungals were prescribed. Tooth eruption was insufficient, and an acetate plate without clasp retention, but still with adequate retention, was fabricated. Articulatory, masticatory, and swallowing functions were restored, preventing the passage of food and fluids into the oroantral cavities. Twenty-five articles describing 26 patients with oral mucormycosis related to hematolymphoid disorders affecting the pediatric population were identified. None of the authors of these articles provided information about oral rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to increasing the chances of survival for infants affected by oral mucormycosis. Custom-made rehabilitation should be provided to restore oral function and improve the patient's general health.

2.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e025, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597545

RESUMO

Treatment of oral vascular anomalies (OVA) has focused on minimally invasive techniques rather than radical surgery. We investigated the efficacy and safety of diode laser using the photocoagulation technique in the management of OVA. Forty-seven subjects with OVA were treated with forced dehydration with induced photocoagulation (FDIP) using diode laser (808 nm/4.5 W). This series consisted mostly of male (63.8%) and non-white (63.8%) patients with a mean age of 57.4 years. Varices (91.5%), venous malformations (6.4%), and hemangiomas (2.1%) with a mean size of 7.1 (±4.9) mm were the conditions treated. OVA presented as a nodular lesion (63.8%) involving mainly the lower lip (46.8%). Pulsed laser mode was used as standard and the number of applications varied from one to four sessions, with the majority requiring only one (83%) FDIP session. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that complete clinical healing can occur on the 15th day (n=9/29.5%), followed by the 20th (n=6/45.5%), and 30th (n=7/70.5%) days. Postoperative edema was observed in 31 (66%) patients, and recurrence of the lesion occurred in two (4.2%). Based on the data on complete clinical healing, minimal patient discomfort, and satisfactory esthetic results, we can confirm that FDIP by diode laser is a promising candidate for the safe and efficacious treatment of OVA.


Assuntos
Lasers Semicondutores , Lábio , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Lábio/cirurgia , Lábio/irrigação sanguínea , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 419, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in information on the effects of orthodontic aligners on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of people. AIM: To compare the impact of orthodontic aligners versus conventional fixed appliances on OHRQoL, using a validated tool and controlling for sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHOD: Sixty-one individuals participated in this study. Group 1 (G1) consisted of 33 individuals under treatment with orthodontic aligners and Group 2 (G2) comprised 28 individuals under treatment with conventional fixed appliances. OHRQoL was evaluated with the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) in which 14 items are distributed across seven dimensions: functional limitation, physical pain, psychological discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, social disability, and handicap. The higher the score, the more negative is the perception of the individual regarding his/her OHRQoL. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney test, and Poisson regression were performed. Effect Size (ES) and Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) were also determined. RESULTS: Participants' mean age was 30.69 years. Individuals in G1 had a significantly lower score for physical pain and the total score of OHIP-14 compared to individuals in G2 (p < 0.05). The ES was large (ES = 0.74) for physical pain and moderate (ES = 0.46) for the total score. The ES was moderate for physical disability (ES = 0.50). The difference between groups for physical pain (1.30) and for physical disability (0.90) was greater than the MCID (0.87 and 0.88, respectively). Poisson regression showed that G2 individuals showed a score for physical pain 1.39 times higher than those of G1 in the adjusted model (OR = 1.39, [1.03-1.89], p = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Those under treatment with orthodontic aligners have a more positive perception of OHRQoL compared to those wearing fixed appliances.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dor
4.
Int J STD AIDS ; : 9564624241246298, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the presence of Epstein-Barr virus type 1 (EBV-1) DNA in patients living with HIV, before and after three different topical therapy protocols for oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL). METHODS: The sample consisted of five patients treated with topical solution of 25% podophyllin resin; six with 25% podophyllin resin plus 5% acyclovir cream; and four with 25% podophyllin resin plus 1% penciclovir cream. DNA was extracted from OHL scrapings and amplified by the PCR using specific primers for EBV-1 (EBNA-1). RESULTS: Clinical healing of OHL lesions was observed across all treatment groups over time. At baseline, EBNA-1 was detected in all OHL lesions. After treatment, OHL samples from three patients treated with 25% podophyllin resin plus 5% acyclovir cream and from one patient treated with 25% podophyllin resin plus 1% penciclovir cream exhibited negative EBNA-1 viral gene encoding. Despite the clinical resolution of OHL, 11 patients (73.3%) showed EBNA-1 positivity immediately after the lesion disappeared. Three patients (20%) treated with podophyllin resin displayed both EBNA-1 positivity and a recurrence of OHL, in contrast to no recurrence in the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest potential associations between treatment formulations, EBNA-1 persistence, and the recurrence of OHL lesions.

5.
Oral Dis ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623066

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the occurrence of dental caries and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) in individuals with and without cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted searches across five databases and the grey literature. Data were organized using EndNote 20. Reporting followed the MOOSE checklist. A random-effects model meta-analyses were conducted using RStudio, presenting results as mean difference (MD), odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence interval (CI). The risk of bias of studies was analyzed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and the certainty of evidence was assessed using GRADE. RESULTS: Among 1336 identified records, 25 studies involving 59,997 participants (mean age: 11.1 years) were included. Data of 12 were pooled into meta-analyses. No significant differences were found between CP and non-CP individuals across indices: DMFT (k = 7) (MD = 0.31; 95% CI [-0.42-1.05]), dmft (k = 4) (MD = 0.31; 95% CI [-0.50-1.14]), DMFS (k = 2) (MD = -0.61; 95% CI [-20.56-19.33]), dmfs (k = 3) (MD = 0.54; 95% CI [-1.09-2.17]), and DDE (k = 3) (OR = 0.80, 95% CI [0.09-7.31]). The certainty of evidence was very low. CONCLUSION: Individuals with CP do not appear to differ significantly from those without CP in terms of dental caries experience and DDE.

6.
Int Endod J ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although several studies indicate the harmful effects of bleaching on pulp tissue, the demand for this procedure using high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) is high. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of bleaching on the pulp tissue. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted (PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library and grey literature) until February 2021. Only in vivo studies that evaluated the effects of HP and/or carbamide peroxide (CP) bleaching gels on the inflammatory response in the pulp tissue compared with a non-bleached group were included. Risk of bias was performed according to a modified Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies scale for human studies and the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation's RoB tool for animal studies. Meta-analysis was unfeasible. RESULTS: Of the 1311 studies, 30 were eligible. Of these, 18 studies evaluated the inflammatory response in animal models. All these studies reported a moderate-to-strong inflammatory response in the superficial regions of pulp, characterized by cell disorganization and necrotic areas, particularly during the initial periods following exposure to 35%-38% HP, for 30-40 min. In the evaluation of human teeth across 11 studies, seven investigated inflammatory responses, with five observing significant inflammation in the pulp of bleached teeth. In terms of tertiary dentine deposition, 11 out of 12 studies noted its occurrence after bleaching with 35%-38% HP in long-term assessments. Additionally, three studies reported significant levels of osteocalcin/osteopontin at 2 or 10 days post-treatment. Other studies indicated an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines ranging from immediately up to 10 days after bleaching. Studies using humans' teeth had a low risk of bias, whereas animal studies had a high risk of bias. DISCUSSION: Despite the heterogeneity in bleaching protocols among studies, High-concentrations of HP shows the potential to induce significant pulp damage. CONCLUSIONS: High-concentrations of bleaching gel increases inflammatory response and necrosis in the pulp tissue at short periods after bleaching, mainly in rat molars and in human incisors, in addition to greater hard tissue deposition over time. However, further well-described histological studies with long-term follow-up are encouraged due to the methodological limitations of these studies. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (CRD42021230937).

7.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e015, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477801

RESUMO

This review aimed to assess the association between overweight/obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents. Searches were performed in the Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, PubMed, Embase and SciELO, Lilacs and Open Grey literature databases up to June 2022. The Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for analytical cross-sectional studies, the checklist for cohort studies, and the checklist for case-control studies were used. A total of 41 publications were included, and 15 meta-analyses were performed. The authors analyzed the differences in weighted mean difference (MD) and odds ratios (OR), and their corresponding confidence intervals (CI) (95%) for dental caries among eutrophic and obese and/or overweight children/adolescents. Meta-analyses showed that there was no association between overweight and/or obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents for most anthropometric reference curves using BMI (Body Mass Index). A greater experience of dental caries was associated with well-nourished adolescents in permanent dentition, compared with obese individuals in the same dentition, as classified by the CDC 2000 curve (OR = 2.53, 95% CI;1.49-4.29; p = 0.0006; I2 = 0%) in dichotomous outcome studies, and (MD = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.08-1.15; p = 0.02; I2 = 0%) in continuous studies. The strength of the evidence of the results was classified as very low, low or moderate. It was concluded that there is no association between overweight and/or obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents for most anthropometric reference curves using BMI. A greater experience of dental caries was associated with well-nourished adolescents in permanent dentition, compared with obese individuals in the same dentition, as classified by the CDC 2000 curve.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Sobrepeso , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade
8.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 53(3): 174-181, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ameloblastic carcinoma (AC) is the most common odontogenic malignancy, constituting approximately 30% of cases in this category. Literature is sparse on malignant odontogenic neoplasms, with a large proportion of current knowledge derived from case reports or small case series. METHODS: A systematic review of case series/case reports of AC was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) Statement guidelines. Demographic and clinical information, including duration of the lesion, location, clinical presentation and radiologic features, were analysed. Additionally, the origin of the lesion (primary/secondary), Ki-67 proliferation index, treatment performed, metastasis, tumour recurrence and prognosis were collected for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 126 studies, including 285 individual cases of AC, were included in this review. Patients presented with a near-equal distribution of painless and painful swellings. ACs presented at a median age of 45 years, with a male-to-female ratio of 1:2. The mandible was most frequently involved, with rare cases extending to involve more than one region, including crossing the midline. Although most lesions presented with poorly-demarcated borders (52.6%), unilocular lesions with well-demarcated borders (47.4%) comprised a substantial number in the sample. The proliferation index was only reported in 27 cases, with a mean score of 42% and a wide range. The probability of tumour recurrence increased, and the survival probability decreased with prolonged follow-up duration. CONCLUSION: This study provides more comprehensive, up-to-date descriptive data on these rare odontogenic malignancies, aiding clinicians and Pathologists with the diagnosis and surgeons in their management of cases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Mandíbula/patologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma/patologia
9.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bruxism has a multifactorial etiology, including the influence of sleep characteristics and chronotypes. AIM: To identify the pathways that influence the occurrence of probable sleep bruxism (PSB) and probable awake bruxism (PAB) in adolescents. DESIGN: A total of 403 adolescents, aged 12-19 years, participated in the study. Parents/caregivers filled out a questionnaire about sociodemographic issues and the adolescent's health conditions, and the adolescents about sleep characteristics, occurrence of bruxism (based on previous study and the International Consensus of Bruxism), and chronotype (Circadian Energy Scale). Clinical examinations were performed. Statistical analysis included descriptive analysis and path analysis. RESULTS: PSB and PAB are related to each other, with moderate and positive correlation (ß = .390). Poor sleep quality and higher household income had a direct effect on both PSB (ß = -.138; ß = .123, respectively) and PAB (ß = -.155; ß = .116, respectively). Chronotype had a direct effect on PSB, in such a way that adolescents with a morningness chronotype tend to have PSB (ß = -.102). Adolescents that drool on the pillow (ß = .184) and/or have agitated sleep (ß = .104) tend to have PSB. CONCLUSION: Poor sleep quality, household income, morningness chronotype profile, drooling on the pillow, and agitated sleep influence the paths taken by PSB. PAB was influenced by the quality of sleep and family income.

10.
Oral Oncol ; 150: 106699, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309198

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to perform a systematic review focusing on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) in Fanconi anemia (FA) individuals. Electronic searches were undertaken in five databases supplemented by manual scrutiny and gray literature. Case reports and/or cases series were included. The searches yielded 55 studies describing 112 cases of OSCC (n = 107) and/or OPMD (n = 5) in FA individuals. The mean age at diagnosis of OSCC/OPMD was 27.1 (±9.6) years, and females (51.8 %) were slightly more affected. Ulcer (n = 37) or mass (n = 25) were described as clinical presentations for OSCC and OPMD. White lesions (n = 4) were the most common manifestation in OPMD. Tongue (47.2 %) was the most frequent location. Sixty-one (54.5 %) individuals underwent HSCT. Surgical resection (n = 75) was the main treatment adopted. The estimated rate of OPMD malignant transformation was 1.8 % and recurrences following OSCC excision occurred in 26.8 % of individuals. Overall, at 60 months of follow-up, the probability of survival fell to 25.5 % and at 64 months the probability of recurrence increased to 63.2 %. The present data support the need for strict surveillance of patients with FA, even in the absence of OPMD, for early OSCC detection and reduction of mortality.


Assuntos
Anemia de Fanconi , Doenças da Boca , Neoplasias Bucais , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Feminino , Humanos , Anemia de Fanconi/complicações , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
11.
Oral Dis ; 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the concentrations of neutrophil extracellular traps (NET) and salivary cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8/CXCL8, TNF, and TGF-ß1) in patients undergoing chemotherapy and their associations with oral mucositis (OM) and Candida infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study performed at a Brazilian service included 60 adults diagnosed with hematolymphoid diseases. Saliva samples were collected on days D0, D3, D10, and D15. Cytokines were analyzed by ELISA and NET formation by identification of the myeloperoxidase-DNA complex. Oral Candida spp. was cultured. RESULTS: OM occurred in 43.3% of patients and oral candidiasis in 20%. However, 66% of individuals had positive cultures for C. albicans. Higher concentrations of IL-6, IL-8/CXCL8, and TNF and lower concentrations of TGF-ß1 were observed in patients with OM. C. albicans infection contributed to the increase in IL-8/CXCL8, TGF-ß1, and TNF. Individuals with OM or with oral candidiasis had significant reductions in NET formation. In contrast, individuals with C. albicans and with concomitant C. albicans and OM exhibited higher NET formation. CONCLUSION: The kinetics of cytokine levels and NET formation in chemotherapy-induced OM appears to be altered by Candida infection, even in the absence of clinical signs of oral candidiasis.

12.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e005, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198305

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of mast cell markers toluidine blue, c-kit, and tryptase and presence of mononuclear inflammatory cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions related to dental amalgam. Nineteen specimens of OLP, OLLC, and healthy oral mucosa were selected. Mononuclear inflammatory cells were analyzed. Histochemical and immunohistochemical analyses were performed using toluidine blue, anti-c-kit and anti-tryptase reagents, and the results were quantified in areas A and B of connective tissue. Mast cells of all OLP and OLLC samples were positive for toluidine blue, c-kit, and tryptase. The density of toluidine blue+, c-kit+ and tryptase+ mast cells was higher in tissue with OLP and OLLC compared with healthy controls (p < 0.05). No difference was noted in mast cells density between OLP and OLLC (p > 0.05). The density of tryptase+ mast cells was higher in the subepithelial region (area A) than the region below it (Area B) in OLLC (p = 0.047). The mononuclear inflammatory cell density was higher in OLLC compared to OLP, but without statistical significance (p > 0.05). A positive statistical correlation was found between mononuclear immune cells and density of c-kit+ and tryptase+ mast cells in OLP (r = 0.943 and r = 0.886, respectively). Our data demonstrate that the etiopathogenesis process of OLP and OLLC modulates the expansion and degranulation of mast cells; mast cells density, however, was similar between OLP and OLLC. The distribution of mast cells appears to vary along the lamina propria.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano Bucal , Mastócitos , Humanos , Amálgama Dentário/efeitos adversos , Cloreto de Tolônio/efeitos adversos , Triptases
13.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 28(6): e2322280, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198389

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates have an inhibitory impact on osteoclastic activity, reducing bone resorption. However, the influence of risedronate on tooth movement is not well-defined. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the effect of risedronate intake on orthodontic tooth movement. A case report was also provided. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched six databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, Lilacs, Scopus, and Open Grey). The searches were carried out in April/2020, and an update was set in place in June/2023. Therefore, the searches considered a timeline from the databases' inception date until June/2023, with no publication date and/or language restrictions. The clinical question focused on evaluating the orthodontic tooth movement and relapse movement (Outcome) in animals (Population) exposed to risedronate (Exposure), compared to control groups (Comparison). The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were applied, and the protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020168581). The risk of bias was determined using the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation protocol (SYRCLE). RESULTS: Two studies in rats and one in guinea pigs were included in the systematic review. The studies reported a decrease in orthodontic tooth movement, a reduction in the relapse movement, and a reduced number of positive tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) cells, with a significantly reduced number of bone gaps after the administration of risedronate in rats. A case report illustrated the effects of risedronate administration in one patient. CONCLUSION: Based on the systematic review, risedronate seems to impair orthodontic tooth movement and relapse due to a decrease in bone resorption cells.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Roedores , Animais , Cobaias , Humanos , Ratos , Recidiva , Ácido Risedrônico/farmacologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
14.
Odontology ; 112(1): 208-220, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37058199

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Periodontitis and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) share risk factors and activate similar immunopathological pathways, intensifying systemic inflammation. This study investigated the clinical, immunological and microbiological parameters in individuals with COVID-19 and controls, exploring whether periodontitis-driven inflammation contributes to worsening COVID-19 endpoints. METHODS: Case (positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2) and control (negative RT-PCR) individuals underwent clinical and periodontal assessments. Salivary levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-10, OPG, RANKL, neutrophil extracellular traps, and subgingival biofilm were analyzed at two timepoints. Data on COVID-19-related outcomes and comorbidity information were evaluated from medical records. RESULTS: Ninety-nine cases of COVID-19 and 182 controls were included for analysis. Periodontitis was associated with more hospitalization (p = 0.009), more days in the intensive care unit (ICU) (p = 0.042), admission to the semi-ICU (p = 0.047), and greater need for oxygen therapy (p = 0.042). After adjustment for confounders, periodontitis resulted in a 1.13-fold increase in the chance of hospitalization. Salivary IL-6 levels (p = 0.010) were increased in individuals with COVID-19 and periodontitis. Periodontitis was associated with increased RANKL and IL-1ß after COVID-19. No significant changes were observed in the bacterial loads of the periodontopathogens Porphyromona gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tanerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola. CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis was associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes, suggesting the relevance of periodontal care to reduce the burden of overall inflammation. Understanding the crosstalk between SARS-CoV-2 infection and chronic conditions such as periodontitis that can influence disease outcome is important to potentially prevent complications of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Periodontite Crônica , Periodontite , Humanos , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Interleucina-6 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , SARS-CoV-2 , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Inflamação , Treponema denticola , Periodontite Crônica/microbiologia
15.
Oral Oncol ; 148: 106646, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38007858

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare multisystem rheumatic autoimmune disease involving the skin, connective tissue, and internal organs. Individuals with SSc are at increased risk of cancer. We herein contribute by reporting a case of carcinoma in situ affecting the lower lip and labial mucosa of a 56-year-old Brazilian female patient, which apparently represents the first case reported in Latin America. Surgical resection of the lesion was performed. After a 2-year follow-up, the patient has shown no evidence of recurrence. According to a literature review in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases on SSc-related oral and oropharyngeal cancer, 11 cases have been documented hitherto. Reports of oral carcinoma in individuals with SSc are rare. Clinicians should conduct regular examinations of the oral mucosa of these individuals to permit an early diagnosis, as done in the present case.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ , Neoplasias Bucais , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Carcinoma in Situ/complicações , Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 38: e005, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1528153

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of mast cell markers toluidine blue, c-kit, and tryptase and presence of mononuclear inflammatory cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions related to dental amalgam. Nineteen specimens of OLP, OLLC, and healthy oral mucosa were selected. Mononuclear inflammatory cells were analyzed. Histochemical and immunohistochemical analyses were performed using toluidine blue, anti-c-kit and anti-tryptase reagents, and the results were quantified in areas A and B of connective tissue. Mast cells of all OLP and OLLC samples were positive for toluidine blue, c-kit, and tryptase. The density of toluidine blue+, c-kit+ and tryptase+ mast cells was higher in tissue with OLP and OLLC compared with healthy controls (p < 0.05). No difference was noted in mast cells density between OLP and OLLC (p > 0.05). The density of tryptase+ mast cells was higher in the subepithelial region (area A) than the region below it (Area B) in OLLC (p = 0.047). The mononuclear inflammatory cell density was higher in OLLC compared to OLP, but without statistical significance (p > 0.05). A positive statistical correlation was found between mononuclear immune cells and density of c-kit+ and tryptase+ mast cells in OLP (r = 0.943 and r = 0.886, respectively). Our data demonstrate that the etiopathogenesis process of OLP and OLLC modulates the expansion and degranulation of mast cells; mast cells density, however, was similar between OLP and OLLC. The distribution of mast cells appears to vary along the lamina propria.

17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 38: e015, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1550154

RESUMO

Abstract This review aimed to assess the association between overweight/obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents. Searches were performed in the Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, PubMed, Embase and SciELO, Lilacs and Open Grey literature databases up to June 2022. The Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for analytical cross-sectional studies, the checklist for cohort studies, and the checklist for case-control studies were used. A total of 41 publications were included, and 15 meta-analyses were performed. The authors analyzed the differences in weighted mean difference (MD) and odds ratios (OR), and their corresponding confidence intervals (CI) (95%) for dental caries among eutrophic and obese and/or overweight children/adolescents. Meta-analyses showed that there was no association between overweight and/or obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents for most anthropometric reference curves using BMI (Body Mass Index). A greater experience of dental caries was associated with well-nourished adolescents in permanent dentition, compared with obese individuals in the same dentition, as classified by the CDC 2000 curve (OR = 2.53, 95% CI;1.49-4.29; p = 0.0006; I2 = 0%) in dichotomous outcome studies, and (MD = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.08-1.15; p = 0.02; I2 = 0%) in continuous studies. The strength of the evidence of the results was classified as very low, low or moderate. It was concluded that there is no association between overweight and/or obesity and dental caries in Brazilian children/adolescents for most anthropometric reference curves using BMI. A greater experience of dental caries was associated with well-nourished adolescents in permanent dentition, compared with obese individuals in the same dentition, as classified by the CDC 2000 curve.

18.
J Clin Periodontol ; 51(4): 452-463, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38115803

RESUMO

AIM: We sought to investigate the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in neutrophils from individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and controls and compare the presence of NETs in gingival tissues according to periodontal status. Also, the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the peptidyl arginine deaminase type 4 (PADI4) gene and the GTG haplotype with RA, periodontitis and NETs was evaluated in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral neutrophils were isolated by density gradient, and NET concentration was determined by the PicoGreen method. Immunofluorescence was studied to identify NETs by co-localization of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-citrullinated histone H3 (H3Cit). Genotyping for SNPs (PADI4_89; PADI4_90; PADI4_92; and PADI4_104) was performed in 87 individuals with RA and 111 controls. RESULTS: The release of NETs in vitro was significantly higher in individuals with RA and periodontitis and when stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis. Gingival tissues from subjects with RA and periodontitis revealed increased numbers of MPO-H3Cit-positive cells. Individuals with the GTG haplotype showed a higher release of NETs in vitro and worse periodontal parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The release of NETs by circulating neutrophils is associated with RA and periodontitis and is influenced by the presence of the GTG haplotype.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Periodontite , Humanos , Desiminases de Arginina em Proteínas/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Periodontite/genética , Neutrófilos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
19.
J Psychosom Res ; 177: 111577, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38154442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The impact of anxiety and depression on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis has not been extensively explored in the literature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate anxiety/depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life, and oral health-related quality of life and their association with oral mucositis among individuals receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal study carried out at a Brazilian referral service. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), and Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) were applied at D0 (before chemotherapy) and D15 of chemotherapy. Clinicodemographic data and oral mucositis severity scores were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 37 individuals (median age: 49 years) were included in the study. Nearly 38% of patients developed chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis and had higher anxiety/depression scores at baseline. Oral mucositis had a negative impact on oral health-related quality of life regarding functional limitation, physical pain, physical disability, and handicap. CONCLUSION: Anxiety/depressive symptoms are associated with oral mucositis that affects overall health and oral health-related quality of life.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Estomatite , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Depressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estomatite/induzido quimicamente , Estomatite/complicações , Ansiedade , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 37: e126, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38126470

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratories (OMPLs) in Brazilian public universities to the diagnosis of lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A cross-sectional study was performed using biopsy records from a consortium of sixteen public OMPLs from all regions of Brazil (North, Northeast, Central-West, Southeast, and South). Clinical and demographic data of patients diagnosed with lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC between 2010 and 2019 were collected from the patients' histopathological records. Of the 120,010 oral and maxillofacial biopsies (2010-2019), 6.9% (8,321 cases) were diagnosed as lip (0.8%, 951 cases), oral cavity (4.9%, 5,971 cases), and oropharyngeal (1.2%, 1,399 cases) SCCs. Most cases were from Brazil's Southeast (64.5%), where six of the OMPLs analyzed are located. The predominant profile of patients with lip and oral cavity SCC was Caucasian men, with a mean age over 60 years, low schooling level, and a previous history of heavy tobacco consumption. In the oropharyngeal group, the majority were non-Caucasian men, with a mean age under 60 years, had a low education level, and were former/current tobacco and alcohol users. According to data from the Brazilian National Cancer Institute, approximately 9.9% of the total lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCCs reported over the last decade in Brazil may have been diagnosed at the OMPLs included in the current study. Therefore, this data confirms the contribution of public OMPLs with respect to the important diagnostic support they provide to the oral healthcare services extended by the Brazilian Public Health System.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Patologia Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
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