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1.
AIDS ; 34(9): 1417-1423, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of orofacial outcomes in adolescents with perinatally infected HIV in treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART). DESIGN: A Brazilian institution-based retrospective study analyzing medical charts and medication dispensing data. METHODS: Medical records of 137 adolescents were reviewed. HIV viral load, CD4 T-cell count (CD4), ART regimen, nonadherence events, and prolonged ART discontinuation were recorded. The frequency of each outcome was determined. Associations between the most frequent outcomes and both records of undetectable viral load and CD4 at least 500 cells/µl were carried out. Associations of lymphadenitis, Group 1 orofacial manifestations and Group 2 orofacial manifestations with records of Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) category C illness were also performed. Odds ratio (OR), confidence intervals (CI) and P values were provided. RESULTS: Cervical and submandibular lymphadenitis (45.25%), dental caries (32.84%) and periodontal issues (11.67%) were the most frequent orofacial outcomes. A detectable viral load (OR = 2.61, 95% CI 1.16--5.88) and CD4 less than 500 cells/µl (OR = 2.34, 95% CI 1.13--4.82) were associated with a greater risk of lymphadenitis. Orofacial outcomes associated with HIV were found in adolescents with longer ART discontinuation and a greater number of ART discontinuation events (P < 0.05). No association was found between records of CDC category C illness and group 1 orofacial manifestations, group 2 manifestations or lymphadenitis (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Orofacial outcomes, in particular, cervical and submandibular lymphadenitis were common among the adolescents assessed. Long-term ART and long-term exposure to HIV virus may have altered the orofacial outcome profile in adolescents perinatally infected by HIV.

2.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506378

RESUMO

The microenvironment of oral cancer is highly dynamic and has been proved to affect tumor progression. Pericytes are blood vessels surrounding cells that have recently gained attention for their roles in vascular and cancer biology. The objective of the present study was to survey the scientific literature for conclusive evidence about whether pericytes are part of blood vessels in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and their roles in the tumor microenvironment and clinical outcomes. A systematic electronic search was undertaken in Medline Ovid, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus. Eligibility criteria were: publications adopting in vivo models of OSCC that included pericyte detection and assessment by pericyte markers (e.g., α-smooth muscle actin, neuron-glial antigen 2 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-ß). The search yielded seven eligible studies (from 2008 to 2018). The markers most commonly used for pericyte detection were α-smooth muscle actin and neuron-glial antigen 2. The studies reviewed showed the presence of immature vessels exhibiting a reduction of pericyte coverage in OSCC and indicated that anti-cancer therapies could contribute to vessel normalization and pericyte regain. The pericyte population is significantly affected during OSCC development and cancer therapy. While these findings might suggest a role for pericytes in OSCC progression, the limited data available do not allow us to conclude whether they modify the tumor microenvironment and clinical outcome.

3.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535807

RESUMO

The use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in the prevention of oral mucositis (OM) in paediatric care has increased. In this article, we report data of paediatric oncology/haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients treated with PBMT to prevent chemotherapy-induced OM. A retrospective study was conducted at a Brazilian referral service. Prophylactic PBMT was used in children and adolescents (≤ 17 years) following the protocol: InGaAIP, 660 nm, 100 mW, 2 J, 3.33 W/cm2, and 20 s per point. Demographic data and OM severity scores were assessed. A regression model tested the association between OM with prophylactic PBMT and antineoplastic therapy. A total of 148 individuals who had undergone 358 chemotherapy cycles were analysed. A higher occurrence of OM was observed in HSCT and osteosarcoma (OS) patients. Except for HSCT, OM was associated with methotrexate (MTX) use in all disease groups. PBMT significantly reduced OM severity in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and OS patients. OM grade was 3.16 and 5.45 times higher among individuals with ALL and OS, who had not undergone prophylactic PBMT compared with those who had undergone prophylactic PBMT (p < 0.001). PBMT prevented chemotherapy-induced OM. Individuals who used MTX and did not undergo prophylactic PBMT were at increased risk of OM.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the experience of dental caries in individuals pre- or postliver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Ovid, and Lilacs from databases' inception date up to April 2020 were undertaken. Gray literature and manual searches were also conducted. Observational studies were eligible. The retrieved references were evaluated by two independent reviewers. Meta-analysis and risk of bias assessment using the University of Adelaide tool were conducted. The strength of the evidence was assessed with GRADE. RESULTS: The search retrieved 1990 references. Twenty-four cross-sectional studies were included. One subgroup analysis demonstrated no significant difference in the number of teeth with dental caries between pre-liver transplant and healthy individuals (mean difference = 1.65, confidence interval = -0.87 to 4.17). The prevalence of dental caries among pre-liver transplant individuals was 73.82% and in the post-transplant individuals was 72.83%. In the included studies, the main concern regarding risk of bias was the absence of control for confounding variables. The strength of the evidence was very low. CONCLUSIONS: Dental caries may be a relevant issue in pre- and postliver transplant individuals. Oral health counseling should be included in the care of pre- and/or postliver transplant individuals.

5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of diode laser and electrocautery techniques for inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH) removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, 40 individuals were randomly allocated to two groups: group 1 (G1) consisted of 20 individuals assigned to treatment with diode laser and group 2 (G2) consisted of 20 individuals assigned to treatment with electrocautery. The following transoperative parameters were evaluated: bleeding, temperature, and surgical technique parameters (energy deposited on tissue, flow rate, and time of incision). The postoperative parameters evaluated were as follows: pain, functional alterations (chewing, speaking), analgesic medication intake, swelling, healing of the wound area, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: Among the 40 individuals included in the study, four (two in G1 and two in G2) did not complete the entire follow-up. Therefore, 36 individuals (18 in G1 and 18 in G2) participated. Participants in G1 and in G2 had similar demographic characteristics. No difference regarding the trans- or postoperative parameters evaluated was observed between G1 and G2 (p > 0.05). Also, no difference regarding the time for healing was observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Diode laser seems to be as effective and safe as electrocautery when applied under similar conditions for IFH removal. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: IFH corresponds to 65% of the lesions observed in denture wearers. This study shows that under similar conditions diode laser is as effective and safe as electrocautery for removal of IFH.

6.
J Pers Assess ; : 1-10, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364817

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian adaptation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF). In a sample of 512 participants, we tested model fit by bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), followed by measurement invariance testing against UK and Chilean datasets of the measure. The Big Five Mini-Markers, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Subjective Happiness Scale were also administered as external validation measures. We obtained the following results: (a) final adequate bifactor ESEM model fit; (b) a significantly higher global trait EI mean for men (d = .27); (c) high internal consistency for global trait EI (α = .88), in spite of lower Cronbach's α values at the factor level (.60-.85); (d) high correlation (r = .89) in the test-retest; (e) significant correlation between global trait EI and most of the Big Five dimensions (r = -.66-.46), life satisfaction (.59) and happiness (.68); (f) evidence of incremental validity of trait EI for life satisfaction and happiness over and above the Big Five; (g) equivalent measurement across the Brazilian, UK and Chilean versions of the TEIQue-SF. We conclude that the Brazilian TEIQue-SF is psychometrically sound and can be recommended for research and practical use.

7.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 157(4): 454-465.e1, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241352

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and provide a synthesis of the available literature on the effects of lip bumper (LB) therapy on the mandibular dental arch of children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Lilacs were systematically searched without restrictions up to May 2019. Risk-of-bias assessment was performed using Cochrane's tool for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Risk of Bias in Nonrandomized Studies of Interventions tool for non-RCTs. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation tool was used to assess the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: After examination of the full texts, 6 studies were included. One RCT presented unclear risk of bias, and 5 non-RCTs presented serious to moderate risk of bias. LB therapy resulted in a buccal inclination of the incisors, distalization of the permanent first molars, and distal inclination of the permanent first molars, which increased perimeter and arch length. An increase in the arch width with greater gain in the interpremolar and/or deciduous molar distance and less gain in intercanine and intermolar distances was also reported. LB therapy increased the risk of second molar impaction with inclination >30° and the risk of ectopic eruption when treatment time was >2 years. The level of the evidence was graded as very low for variable arch length and second molar eruption disturbances. All other outcomes were graded as having low level of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Owing to the low level of certainty identified, the conclusions should be considered cautiously. Increase in arch perimeter and width was attributed to the proclination of the incisors, buccalization of the deciduous molar and premolar areas, and distal inclination of the molars. However, there was an increased chance of impaction and ectopic eruption of permanent second molar after treatment with LB.

8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the effects of cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) on anatomical structures. METHODS: CBCT scans were retrospectively selected from a database of individuals who attended an Oral Medicine service. Cases with a confirmed diagnosis of periapical, focal, or florid COD were included. Two oral and maxillofacial radiologists assessed the scans. Frequencies of the variables were described according to COD case, lesion areas, and teeth. RESULTS: Sixty COD cases affected 244 areas and 426 teeth. Florid COD was the most common (n = 48). Cortical bone (buccal, lingual, palatine, or mandibular) (n = 42) and the maxillary sinus (n = 13) were the structures most frequently affected by displacement or perforation. Thinning (n = 80), expansion (n = 62), and perforation (n = 60) of the cortical bone were common effects. The median size of the lesions was 12 mm in the mesiodistal direction, 8 mm in the buccal-lingual/palatal direction, and 9 mm in the superior-inferior direction. Root resorption was observed in 18.1% of all teeth, while tooth displacement was uncommon (0.6%). All teeth affected by COD had a discontinuous lamina dura and non-uniformly visible periodontal ligament space. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT images revealed that cortical bone, lamina dura, and periodontal ligament space were the structures most affected by COD and the effects of COD on anatomical structures were more frequent than previously described. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: CODs are fibro-osseous lesions common in the clinical practice, and relationship with anatomical structures is poorly described. CBCT is an appropriate method for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with COD.

9.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077056

RESUMO

Data on the occurrence and clinicopathological characteristics of actinic cheilitis (AC) and lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are well studied; however, they are based on studies limited to a single centre. Herein, we described the frequency of AC and LSCC submitted to microscopic examination from representative geographic regions of Brazil. A retrospective multicentre study was performed on biopsies obtained from 1953 to 2018 at 10 Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology centres. A total of 198,709 biopsy specimens were surveyed. Sociodemographic data and clinicopathologic characteristics were analysed. A total of 2017 cases of ACs (1.0%) and 850 cases of LSCCs (0.4%) were recorded. A strong fair-skinned (> 87%) male (> 70%) predilection was observed in both conditions. The mean age was 54.8 ± 18.7 for individuals with AC and 57.8 ± 19.0 for individuals with LSCC. The most commonly affected site was the lower lip (> 90%). This is a large multicentre study of AC and LSCC from Brazil. The frequency and clinicopathological features of AC and LSCC were similar to those described worldwide. This study provides robust and representative epidemiological data of these conditions for the scientific community.

10.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) measurements have been employed in medicine and dentistry to assess the effect of diseases and treatment on individuals' lives. AIM: To assess the effect of the initial 12 months of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy on the families of Brazilian adolescents. DESIGN: A cohort of 11- to 12-year-old adolescents and their parents/guardians participated. Treatment group (TG) consisted of 101 parents/guardians of adolescents who began fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. They completed four sets of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) at baseline, 1 month, 6 months and 12 months after the bonding of fixed appliances. Control group (CG) was composed of 175 parents/guardians of adolescents, who did not begin treatment, answering four sets of the FIS at the same intervals. The subscales of FIS were parental/family activity (PA), parental emotions (PE), family conflict (FC) and financial burden (FB). Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: The interaction of group (treatment) with time allowed one to observe significant changes in the PA (P < .001), PE (P < .001), FC (P < .001) and overall FIS score (P < .001), demonstrating an improvement in the subscale and overall QoL of families of adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy on the families of adolescents was highly beneficial.

11.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 11-17, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051966

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and registered (CRD42018105124) with PROSPERO (International prospective register for systematic reviews, University of York, York, UK). A search was conducted in five databases without restrictions regarding language or date of publication. From 560 studies selected, 10 underwent full-text analysis. Five studies were eligible (five case-control studies), and all were entered in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis was performed with tests for sensitivity and statistical heterogeneity. Summary effect measures were calculated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: There was a significant association between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia in the meta-analysis (OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.68 to 3.86). In this meta-analysis, I2 = 0%. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence demonstrates a positive association between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia. Individuals with periodontitis admitted to the ICU were more likely to present nosocomial pneumonia than individuals without periodontitis.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Periodontite , Pneumonia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
12.
Oral Dis ; 26(3): 711-715, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917876

RESUMO

We present the frequency of cases of isolated odontogenic keratocysts submitted to microscopic examination at 10 Brazilian referral centres in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. In a retrospective (1953-2017) analysis, data on clinicoradiographic features and treatment of these lesions were collected and analysed descriptively. Among the 258,867 cases retrieved, 2,497 (0.96%) were isolated odontogenic keratocysts. In summary, an overview of individuals affected with isolated odontogenic keratocysts is reported herein. This lesion showed predilection for the posterior mandible of young adult men.

13.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 24(2): 243-249, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925581

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adenoid ameloblastoma is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that favors a slight predilection for male patients, fourth and fifth decades of life, and posterior regions of the jaws. To date, less than 40 cases have been reported in the English language literature. The radiographic aspects of adenoid ameloblastoma vary from unilocular and well-defined lesions to diffuse and multilocular lesions. Most of the lesions exhibit a radiolucent image and are usually large, with a mean size of 3.5 cm. Microscopically, pseudoductal structures composed of columnar cells in a palisaded arrangement formed from the parenchyma of the tumor were observed. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of adenoid ameloblastoma in a 54-year-old woman, who presented with no symptoms. Panoramic radiography showed a well-circumscribed, unilocular radiolucency in the left posterior maxilla. CONCLUSION: As odontogenic tumors are rare, some entities are infrequently encountered, making the diagnosis more difficult. Clinicians, oral and maxillofacial surgeons and oral pathologists should be familiar with the adenoid ameloblastoma and its differential diagnosis for accurate diagnosis and management.


Assuntos
Tonsila Faríngea , Ameloblastoma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Panorâmica
14.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 28(5): 526-535, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986944

RESUMO

A clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm, accounting for 33 cases described in the literature. In this article, we report a challenging example of clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of the posterior maxilla in a 45-year-old female patient showing locally aggressive growth and recurrence. Microscopically, islands of polyhedral cells containing abundant cytoplasm, well-developed intercellular bridges blended with clear cells were observed. The nuclei were frequently pleomorphic and permeated by hyaline calcified material. Immunohistochemistry revealed positivity for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), cytokeratins (CK-14 and CK-19), Bcl-2, p53, and p63. The Ki-67 proliferative index was ~10%. As odontogenic tumors are rare, when a significant clear cell component is observed, the differential diagnosis with other lesions of the jaws with similar morphology, including other odontogenic tumors with prominent clear cell component, clear cell odontogenic carcinomas, and metastatic tumors, is difficult.

15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 14(1): 173-182, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011984

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe a series with 66 cases of infected cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and to discuss the demographic distribution, clinicoradiographic features and treatment of this condition. A study looking back on the diagnoses made at a single Brazilian centre within a 28-year timeframe was performed. A literature review with searches across five databases was also conducted to identify reports on osteomyelitis/infected COD. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed. The case series study showed a female/male ratio of 21:1. Affected individuals' mean age was 57.4 years. Mandible was the most affected site (95.5%) and florid subtype was the most frequent infected COD (62.1%). Tooth extraction was the main factor associated with the development of infection associated within a COD lesion. The literature review retrieved 30 studies reporting 46 cases of this condition. Asian women in their 40 s and 50 s were more affected. Surgery for removal/curettage of necrotic bone was acknowledged as an appropriate approach to the treatment of this infection. The clinicodemographic data of the study were similar to data collected across the literature. Clinicians, maxillofacial surgeons and oral rehabilitation providers should be alert to the diagnosis of COD, since infection is a frequent complication whose management is challenging.

16.
Thromb Res ; 186: 45-53, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883999

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulants are widely used in orthopedic surgery to decrease the risk of deep vein thrombosis. While significant bone impairment is induced by long-term heparin therapy, little is known about the effects of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Herein, we investigated the effects of dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa®), a DOAC inhibitor of thrombin, on bone cells using in vitro and ex vivo cell culture models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Osteoblasts and osteoclasts exposed to different concentrations of dabigatran etexilate and untreated cells were assayed for cell differentiation and activity. Favorable osteogenic conditions for osteoblasts were tested using titanium with nanotopography (Ti-Nano). In addition, mice treated with a dabigatran etexilate solution had bone marrow cells analyzed for the ability to generate osteoclasts. RESULTS: Dabigatran etexilate at concentrations of 1 µg/mL and 2 µg/mL did not impact osteoclast or osteoblast viability. The drug inhibited osteoclast differentiation and activity as observed by the reduction of TRAP+ cells, resorption pits and gene and protein expression of cathepsin K. Consistently, osteoclasts from mice treated with dabigatran showed decreased area, resorptive activity, as well as gene and protein expression of cathepsin K. In osteoblast cultures, grown both on polystyrene and Ti-Nano, dabigatran etexilate reduced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, matrix mineralization, gene expression of ALP and osteocalcin. CONCLUSIONS: Dabigatran etexilate inhibited osteoclast differentiation in ex vivo and in vitro models in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the drug reduced osteoblast activity even under optimal osteogenic conditions. This study provides new evidence regarding the negative overall impact of DOACs on bone cells.

17.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(2): 175-183, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885104

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the impact of oral conditions among children/adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) on the Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of their families in comparison with a group without DS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Families of 144 children/adolescents with DS aged 4-18 years were compared with families of individuals without DS. Dental caries experience (DMFT/dmft), clinical consequences of untreated dental caries (PUFA/pufa), gingival bleeding (GBI), visible plaque (VPI), and malocclusion were evaluated. Parents/caregivers answered the Family Impact Scale (FIS) and questionnaires on sociodemographic conditions and the health of children/adolescents. Data analysis included chi-square test and Poisson regression. There was no difference between groups regarding the impact of the children's/adolescents' oral condition on their families' OHRQoL for all domains and the total FIS score (P > 0.05). A negative impact on the OHRQoL of families of children/adolescents with DS was determined by dental caries (PR = 3.95, CI = 2.09-7.46), clinical consequences of untreated dental caries (PR = 1.83, CI = 1.18-2.84), defined malocclusion (PR = 2.75, CI = 1.23-6.13), and severe malocclusion (PR = 2.82, CI = 1.02-7.74). CONCLUSION: There is no difference on the OHRQoL of families of children/adolescents with and without DS. Dental caries experience, clinical consequences of untreated dental caries, defined malocclusion, and severe malocclusion determined the negative impact on the OHRQoL of families of children/adolescents with DS.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Síndrome de Down , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1087819

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar fatores associados ao uso e à necessidade de prótese dentária em adultos e idosos do estado de Minas Gerais. Métodos: Estudo transversal foi realizado com amostra de 2.404 adultos e idosos. Regressão logística, estimativas de odds ratio e respectivos intervalos de confiança foram realizados. Resultados: Dos 2.404 indivíduos avaliados, 59,9% tinham necessidade de prótese pela ausência de prótese ou presença de prótese insatisfatória e 41,9% usavam prótese. Idosos tiveram 10,22 vezes mais chances de usar prótese comparados aos adultos. Indivíduos de menor escolaridade (< 2 anos de estudo) apresentaram 2,18 vezes mais chances de usar prótese do que indivíduos de maior escolaridade (> 11 anos de estudo). Indivíduos que usaram o serviço público na última consulta odontológica tiveram menos chance de usar prótese do que indivíduos que usaram o serviço privado. Conclusão:A necessidade e o uso de prótese dentária foram associados a fatores sociodemográficos.


Aim: To analyze factors associated with the need and use of dental prostheses in adults and the elderly in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: This research conducted a cross-sectional study with 2,404 adult and elderly individuals. Logistic regression, odds ratio estimates, and respective confidence intervals were performed. Results:Among the 2,404 individuals evaluated in this study, 59.9% needed prosthesis due to a lack of a prosthesis or the use of an unsatisfactory prosthesis, while 41.9% used satisfactory prostheses. The elderly individuals were 10.22 times more likely to use prostheses w hen compared to adults. Individuals with a lower educational level (< 2 years of education) were 2.18 times more likely to use a prosthesis than were individuals with a higher educational level (> 11 years of education). Individuals who used the public dental services for their last dental appointment were less likely to use a prosthesis than were individuals who used private dental services. Conclusion: The need and use of dental prostheses were associated with sociodemographic factors.


Assuntos
Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente , Prótese Dentária , Adulto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
19.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(12): e1109-e1119, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824590

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the present series was to analyze the sociodemographic characteristics, clinicopathologic features, and oral health-related quality of life of 41 individuals with oral lichen planus (OLP). Material and Methods: In a retrospective analysis (1998-2018), individuals with a clinical diagnosis of OLP from a referral service of Oral Medicine of Brazil were invited for follow-up. The individuals were assessed using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) form. Histopathological data were reviewed according to the latest criteria proposed by the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (AAOMP/2016). Results: This series mainly consisted of females (70.7%) in their forties (31.7%). The buccal mucosa (68.2%) was the most commonly affected site. Reticular (56.1%) and erosive (34.3%) appearances were the most frequent. According to OHIP-14, individuals with OLP at multiple sites in the oral cavity showed worse values in the handicap domain and those who did not respond to corticosteroids showed a higher score on the psychological discomfort domain. Conclusions: The findings of the present study, using the AAOMP/2016 criteria, agree with case series and retrospective studies reported in the literature. Besides, OLP in its more severe clinical forms had an influence on patient quality of life. Key words:Diagnosis, epidemiology, oral lichen planus, oral mucosa, quality of life.

20.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(5): 341-353, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648664

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the clinical and radiographic results of pulp revascularization procedures employing a triple antibiotic paste in teeth with incomplete root formation. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in February 2017 using PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Lilacs and The Brazilian Library of Dentistry, UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, U.S. National Institutes of Health, Clinical Trials, and Google. The search was updated in March 2019. Clinical trials in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, without any restrictions regarding the year of publication, were included. The quality of the studies was analyzed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Results: The search retrieved 1,768 references, and eight studies were included for a qualitative analysis. In these eight studies, the risk of bias across the Cochrane tool's domains varied from low to unclear. The included studies demonstrated that the clinical and radiographic success of pulp revascularization using calcium hydroxide or triple antibiotic paste appears to resolve symptoms and periapical healing. Conclusions: Triple antibiotic paste is effective in the pulp revascularization therapy of teeth with incomplete root formation. Absence of symptoms and the achievement of periapical integrity have been observed. (Pediatr Dent 2019;41(5):341-53).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Polpa Dentária , Brasil , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos
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