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1.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 183, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer (LC) has poor survival outcomes mainly due to diagnosis at late stages. This study explored the anticipated time to seek medical advice for possible LC symptoms and barriers to early presentation in Palestine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited adult participants from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces of 11 governorates using convenience sampling. A modified, translated-into-Arabic version of the validated LC awareness measure was used to assess LC symptom awareness, the time needed to seek medical advice and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: A total of 4762 participants were included. The proportion that would immediately seek medical advice for possible LC symptoms varied according to the symptoms' nature. For respiratory symptoms, this ranged from 15.0% for 'painful cough' to 37.0% for 'coughing up blood'. For non-respiratory symptoms, this ranged from '4.2% for 'unexplained loss of appetite' to 13.8% for 'changes in the shape of fingers or nails'. Participants with good LC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice within a week of recognizing most LC symptoms. About 13.0% would delay their visit to see a doctor after recognizing an LC symptom. The most reported barriers were emotional with 'disliking the visit to healthcare facilities' (59.8%) as the leading barrier. CONCLUSION: LC respiratory symptoms were more likely to prompt early seeking of medical advice. Good LC symptom awareness was associated with a higher likelihood of help-seeking within a week. Educational interventions are needed to promote LC awareness and address the perceived barriers to early presentation in low-resource settings, such as Palestine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Adulto , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Emoções , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia
2.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300470, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386956

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess colorectal cancer (CRC) awareness and its influence on attitudes toward colonoscopy in Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit Palestinian adults from hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces across 11 governorates. To evaluate the awareness of CRC signs/symptoms, risk factors, and mythical causes, the Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure and Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale were used after translation into Arabic. For each correctly recognized item, one point was given. The total awareness score of each domain was calculated and categorized into tertiles; the top tertile was considered high awareness, and the other two tertiles were considered low awareness. RESULTS: A total of 4,623 questionnaires were included. Only 1,849 participants (40.0%) exhibited high awareness of CRC signs/symptoms. High awareness of CRC symptoms was associated with higher likelihood of showing positive attitudes toward colonoscopy (odds ratio [OR], 1.21 [95% CI, 1.07 to 1.37]). A total of 1,840 participants (38.9%) demonstrated high awareness of CRC risk factors. Participants with high awareness of CRC risk factors were more likely to display positive attitudes toward colonoscopy (OR, 1.20 [95% CI, 1.07 to 1.37]). Only 219 participants (4.7%) demonstrated high awareness of CRC causation myths. There was no association between awareness of CRC causation myths and positive attitudes toward colonoscopy. CONCLUSION: Awareness of CRC was poor with less than half of the study participants demonstrating high awareness of CRC signs/symptoms and risk factors, and a minority (<5%) displaying high awareness of CRC causation myths. High awareness of CRC signs/symptoms and risk factors was associated with greater likelihood of demonstrating positive attitudes toward colonoscopy. Educational initiatives are needed to address knowledge gaps and dispel misconceptions surrounding CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Árabes , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Fatores de Risco , Colonoscopia
3.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300400, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386954

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare colorectal cancer (CRC) awareness between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The validated Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure and Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale were translated into Arabic and used to assess awareness of CRC signs/symptoms, risk factors, and mythical causes. The total awareness score of each domain was calculated and categorized into tertiles; the top tertile was considered as good awareness. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between being a vegetarian and displaying good awareness in each domain. RESULTS: This study included 4,623 participants: 560 vegetarians (12.1%) and 4,063 nonvegetarians (87.9%). Lump in the abdomen was the most recognized CRC sign/symptom among both nonvegetarians (n = 2,969, 73.1%) and vegetarians (n = 452, 80.7%). Vegetarians were less likely than nonvegetarians to display good awareness of CRC signs/symptoms (odds ratio, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.48 to 0.72]). Lack of physical activity was the most identified modifiable CRC risk factor in both nonvegetarians (n = 3,368, 82.9%) and vegetarians (n = 478, 85.4%). Similarly, having a bowel disease was the most identified nonmodifiable risk factor among both nonvegetarians (n = 2,889, 71.1%) and vegetarians (n = 431, 77.0%). There were no associated differences between both groups in the awareness levels of CRC risk factors. The most recognized food-related CRC causation myth in nonvegetarians was drinking from plastic bottles (n = 1,023, 25.2%), whereas it was eating burnt food in vegetarians (n = 176, 31.4%). Having a physical trauma was the most recognized food-unrelated myth in both nonvegetarians (n = 2,356, 58.0%) and vegetarians (n = 396, 70.7%). There were no associated differences in the awareness of CRC causation myths between both groups. CONCLUSION: Awareness of CRC was notably low in both Palestinian vegetarians and nonvegetarians. Particularly, vegetarians demonstrated lower awareness of CRC signs and symptoms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Dieta Vegetariana , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Vegetarianos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia
4.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300373, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Examining the association of breast cancer (BC) symptom awareness with time to help seeking and exploring barriers to timely presentation may enhance the effectiveness of BC awareness campaigns and early detection efforts. This study aimed to assess the anticipated time for seeking medical advice when experiencing a potential BC symptom among women in Palestine and to identify their barriers to early presentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit adult women from hospitals, primary health care facilities, and public areas across 11 governorates in Palestine. A translated-into-Arabic version of the validated BC Awareness Measure was used. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: sociodemographic information, recognition of 13 BC symptoms and reporting time for seeking medical advice, and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: A total of 5,257 questionnaires were included. The proportion of participants who would seek medical advice immediately varied on the basis of the nature of BC symptoms. For symptoms related to the breast, the proportion ranged from 25.7% for redness of the breast skin to 53.5% for a lump or thickening in the breast. For symptoms related to the nipple, the proportion ranged from 30.7% for nipple rash to 48.0% for discharge or bleeding from the nipple. Exhibiting good BC symptom awareness was associated with a higher likelihood of seeking medical advice within a week for all BC symptoms. Emotional barriers were the most frequently reported barriers. There was no association between increasing levels of BC awareness and reporting fewer or more barriers. CONCLUSION: The nature of BC symptoms had an impact on help-seeking behaviors. Participants with good BC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice earlier.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
5.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 189, 2024 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) myths and beliefs can negatively impact women's preventive behaviors, including vaccination against human papillomavirus and having regular screening tests. This study aimed to examine awareness of Palestinian women about myths related to CC causation and investigated factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit adult Palestinian women from hospitals, primary healthcare facilities, and public areas in 11 Palestinian governorates. A translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used to collect data. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CC myths around CC causation recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 7058 questionnaires were included. Myths unrelated to food were more commonly recognized as incorrect compared to those related to food. The most recognized food-unrelated myth was 'having a physical trauma' (n = 3714, 52.6%), whereas the least recognized was 'using mobile phones' (n = 2238, 31.7%). The most recognized food-related myth was 'drinking from plastic bottles' (n = 2708, 38.4%), whereas the least recognized was 'eating food containing additives' (n = 1118, 15.8%). Only 575 participants (8.1%) displayed good awareness and promptly recognized at least 10 out of 13 myths around CC causation as incorrect. Factors associated with lower likelihood of displaying good awareness of myths around CC causation included living in the West Bank and Jerusalem, being married, widowed or divorced, knowing someone with cancer, and visiting hospitals or primary healthcare centers. CONCLUSIONS: A very small proportion of Palestinian women recognized 10 or more myths around CC causes as incorrect. Initiatives addressing CC myths are needed in the Palestinian community.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Oriente Médio , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300295, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166235

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore public awareness of myths around colorectal cancer (CRC) causation in Palestine and to examine factors associated with good awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit adult Palestinians from governmental hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces. Recognizing 13 myths around CRC causation was assessed using a translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CRC mythical causes recognized: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between sociodemographic characteristics and displaying good awareness. It adjusted for age group, sex, education, occupation, monthly income, residence, marital status, having chronic diseases, being a vegetarian, knowing someone with cancer, and site of data collection. RESULTS: Of 5,254 participants approached, 4,877 agreed to participate (response rate, 92.3%). A total of 4,623 questionnaires were included in the final analysis: 2,700 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 1,923 from the Gaza Strip. Only 219 participants (4.7%) demonstrated good awareness of myths around CRC causation. WBJ participants were twice more likely than those from the Gaza Strip to display good recognition (5.9% v 3.1%). Male sex, living in the WBJ, and visiting hospitals were all associated with an increase in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Conversely, knowing someone with cancer was associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Having a physical trauma was the most recognized CRC causation myth (n = 2,752, 59.5%), whereas eating food containing additives was the least (n = 456, 9.8%). CONCLUSION: Only 4.7% displayed good ability to recognize myths around CRC causation. Future educational interventions are needed to help the public distinguish the evidence-based versus mythical causes of CRC.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia
7.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 9: e2300184, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085044

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Having an accurate knowledge of what truly increases the likelihood of developing lung cancer (LC) may help people make better decisions about lifestyle changes that could potentially lower their risk. This study assessed current beliefs in LC causation myths among Palestinians and explored factors associated with displaying good recognition of such myths. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to March 2020. A modified version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used for data collection. The awareness level of LC causation myths was determined based on the number of myths recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 4,817 participants completed the questionnaire of 5,174 approached (response rate = 93.1%). In total, 4,762 participants were included in the final analysis. Myths unrelated to food were more commonly recognized than food-related myths. The food-related myth most frequently recognized was eating burnt food (n = 1,427; 30.0%) followed by drinking from plastic bottles (n = 1,389; 29.2%). The food-related myth least commonly recognized was eating food containing additives (n = 737; 15.5%). The most frequently recognized myth unrelated to food was having a physical trauma (n = 2,903; 61%), whereas the least was using cleaning products (n = 1,140; 23.9%). Only 287 participants (6%) displayed good awareness. Having a chronic disease and knowing someone with cancer were associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Conversely, participants who were smoking cigarettes/shisha and those recruited from hospitals had an associated increase in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. CONCLUSION: This study found very poor awareness of LC causation myths, with only 6% recognizing ≥10 myths. Initiatives addressing LC mythical causes are needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 2370, 2023 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38031084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The discussion about breast cancer (BC) causation continues to be surrounded by a number of myths and misbeliefs. If efforts are misdirected towards reducing risk from false mythical causes, individuals might be less likely to consider and adopt risk-reducing behaviors for evidence-based BC causes. This national study aimed to assess the awareness of BC causation myths and misbeliefs among Palestinian women, and examine the factors associated with having good awareness. METHODS: This national cross-sectional study recruited adult women from government hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 governorates in Palestine. A modified version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used to collect data. The level of awareness of BC causation myths was determined based on the number of myths recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-5), fair (6-10), or good (11-15). RESULTS: A total of 5,257 questionnaires were included. Only 269 participants (5.1%) demonstrated good awareness (i.e., recognizing more than 10 out of 15 BC mythical causes). There were no notable differences in displaying good awareness between the main areas of Palestine, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and Jerusalem (5.1% vs. 5.1%). Having chronic disease as well as visiting hospitals and primary healthcare centers were associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Myths related to food were less frequently recognized as incorrect than food-unrelated myths. 'Eating burnt food' was the most recognized food-related myth (n = 1414, 26.9%), while 'eating food containing additives' was the least recognized (n = 599, 11.4%). 'Having a physical trauma' was the most recognized food-unrelated myth (n = 2795, 53.2%), whereas the least recognized was 'wearing tight bra' (n = 1018, 19.4%). CONCLUSIONS: A very small proportion of Palestinian women could recognize 10 or more myths around BC causation. There is a substantial need to include clear information about BC causation in future educational interventions besides focusing on BC screening, signs and symptoms, and risk factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
9.
J Nurs Res ; 31(6): e305, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37862149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Professional values provide a road map for guiding the behaviors of nursing students during practice and are considered standards for acceptable actions during the provision of nursing care. Nursing educators play a vital role in helping their students embrace professional values in their future career. PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess and compare professional values among Jordanian and Palestinian undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 182 Jordanian and 353 Palestinian nursing students completed the Nurses Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R), which covers five domains (caring, trust, justice, activism, and professionalism). RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 22.5 years, and most (56.6%) were female. The mean total score for the NPVS-R was 3.85, with the "justice" dimension receiving the highest mean score (4.07) and the "activism" dimension receiving the lowest mean score (3.63). The differences in mean NPVS-R total and dimension scores between the Jordanian and Palestinian students were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study support that Jordanian and Palestinian undergraduate nursing students have an acceptable level of professional values, with the NPVS-R justice domain scoring relatively high and the NPVS-R activism domain scoring relatively low. The authors hope that the results of this study encourage nursing educators to continue improving professional values among their students, especially with regard to the relatively low-rated dimensions.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Jordânia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 975, 2023 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37833659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to delayed presentation with ovarian cancer (OC) symptoms including poor symptom awareness and barriers to seeking help. This study explored the anticipated time to seek medical advice for possible OC symptoms and its association with OC symptom awareness. In addition, it examined perceived barriers that may delay help-seeking among Palestinian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult women (≥ 18 years) recruited from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 Palestinian governorates. A modified version of the OC awareness measure was used to collect data in face-to-face interviews. The questionnaire comprised three sections: sociodemographic details, awareness of 11 OC symptoms and time to seek medical advice, and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: Of 6095 participants approached, 5618 completed the OCAM (response rate = 92.1%). The proportion of participants who would immediately seek medical advice for a possible OC symptom varied based on the symptom's nature. For OC symptoms with pain, the proportion that reported immediate seeking of medical advice ranged from 7.9% for 'persistent low back pain' to 13.6% for 'persistent pain in the pelvis'. For non-specific potential OC symptoms, the proportion that reported immediate seeking of medical advice ranged from 2.3% for 'feeling full persistently' to 15.8% for 'increased abdominal size on most days'. Good OC symptom awareness was associated with higher likelihood of seeking medical advice within a week from recognizing 10 out of 11 OC symptoms. Emotional barriers were the most common barriers with 'feeling scared' as the most reported barrier (n = 1512, 52.4%). Displaying good OC symptom awareness was associated with a lower likelihood of reporting ≥ 4 emotional barriers (OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.38-0.98). CONCLUSION: Participants with good OC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice earlier and to display fewer emotional barriers. Establishing educational interventions to raise OC awareness may help in promoting earlier help-seeking and, thus, facilitate earlier diagnosis and improved prognosis.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Dor
11.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 16: 2529-2541, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37664805

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to (1) identify the priorities of oncology research in the Gaza Strip; (2) explore the needs for improving oncology research in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. Participants and Methods: A qualitative approach for data collection was used in this study. After obtaining the ethical approvals to conduct this study, a sample of 42 health-care providers who are involved in providing oncology care and research in the Gaza Strip were included in this study. Data were collected by the researchers through seven focus groups. Thematic coding was used for data analysis. Two main themes and several sub-themes were extracted during the data analysis. Results: The two main themes extracted from data analysis were research priorities and research needs. Participants identified several priorities in relation to oncology research that are assessing for cancer awareness, cancer prevention, exploring and finding new molecular biomarkers, screening for germ-line mutations related to the most common cancers, determining genetic and environmental risk factors for developing cancer, and exploring and testing new cancer therapies. Concerning research needs, participants identified several needs to enhance oncology research, which are financial needs, need for training, availability of data, creation of interdisciplinary research teams, and transforming in vitro studies to in vivo. Conclusion: Well-designed studies will certainly help to identify the priorities and needs to improve oncology research in the Gaza Strip, which is considered one of the most important steps to help push these priorities onto the agenda of health policymakers. Therefore, they will work to set goals and design policies and programs aiming to reduce incidence and prevalence rates of cancer in the Gaza Strip, promote early detection of cancer, improve prognosis, and reduce mortality related to cancer.

13.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 6871, 2023 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37105988

RESUMO

This study explored the anticipated time to seek medical advice for possible colorectal cancer (CRC) signs/symptoms and its association with CRC symptom awareness. In addition, it examined perceived barriers that may delay seeking medical advice. Palestinian adults were recruited from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 governorates. A modified, translated-into-Arabic version of the validated Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure was used. The questionnaire comprised three sections: sociodemographics, assessment of CRC symptom awareness and time to seek medical advice, and barriers to early presentation. A total of 4623 participants were included. The proportion that reported seeking immediate medical advice for possible CRC signs/symptoms with blood or mass ranged from 47.1% for 'blood in stools' to 59.5% for 'bleeding from back passage'. Less than half of the participants reported immediate seeking of medical advice for non-specific symptoms (ranging from 5.4% for 'loss of appetite' to 42.0% for 'anemia') and other gastrointestinal symptoms (ranging from 7.7% for 'feeling persistently full' to 35.7% for 'change in bowel habits'). Good CRC symptom awareness was associated with higher likelihood of seeking medical advice within a week from recognizing a CRC symptom. About 13.0% reported a delay to visit their doctor after recognizing a CRC symptom. The most reported barriers were practical with 'would try some herbs first' (50.9%) as the leading barrier. CRC symptoms with blood or mass prompted earlier help seeking. Participants with good CRC awareness were more likely to seek medical advice within a week.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Humanos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Aconselhamento
14.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e061110, 2023 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate lung cancer (LC) risk factor awareness among Palestinians and identify factors associated with good awareness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited using convenience sampling from hospitals, primary healthcare centres (PHCs) and public spaces located at 11 governorates in Palestine. PARTICIPANTS: Of 5174 approached, 4817 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate=93.1%). A total of 4762 questionnaires were included: 2742 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 2020 from the Gaza Strip. Exclusion criteria were working or studying in a health-related field, having a nationality other than Palestinian and visiting oncology departments or clinics at the time of data collection. TOOL: A modified version of the validated LC Awareness Measure was used for data collection. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: The primary outcome was LC risk factor awareness level as determined by the number of factors recognised: poor (0-3), fair (4-7) and good (8-10). Secondary outcomes include the recognition of each LC risk factor. RESULTS: Smoking-related risk factors were more often recognised than other LC risk factors. The most recognised risk factors were 'smoking cigarettes' (n=4466, 93.8%) and 'smoking shisha (waterpipes)' (n=4337, 91.1%). The least recognised risk factors were 'having a close relative with LC' (n=2084, 43.8%) and 'having had treatment for any cancer in the past' (n=2368, 49.7%).A total of 2381 participants (50.0%) displayed good awareness of LC risk factors. Participants from the WBJ and the Gaza Strip had similar likelihood to display good awareness (50.6% vs 49.1%). Being≥45 years, having higher education and monthly income, knowing someone with cancer and visiting hospitals and PHCs seemed to have a positive impact on displaying good awareness. CONCLUSION: Half of study participants displayed good awareness of LC risk factors. Educational interventions are warranted to further improve public awareness of LC risk factors, especially those unrelated to smoking.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia
15.
Nurs Open ; 10(2): 1083-1091, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137179

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the perception of undergraduate nursing students in different countries in the Middle East about caring. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive, comparative design. METHODS: A total of 1,582 nursing students from six different countries in the Middle East completed the Caring Dimensions Inventory. RESULTS: The total mean score of caring was 138.8 (± 15.8), indicating a high level of caring. The highest mean score was for nursing students from Egypt (M = 145.37 ± 15.97), whereas the lowest was for nursing students from Palestine (M = 135.36 ± 13.48). The caring perception was more significant for female students than male students, and no significant correlation was found between students' ages and caring scores. CONCLUSIONS: The high level of caring among nursing students reflects the involvement of caring behaviour in the nursing curricula, which motivates nursing schools to continue stressing the importance of caring and to enhance this behaviour among their graduates. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: Improving the students' caring competencies as recommended by the study will influence the caregiving quality in the future that will be reflected in nurse-patient caring relationships and raise the patients' and public satisfaction with nursing care.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Empatia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Oriente Médio , Percepção
16.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 8: e2200087, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508704

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess awareness of Palestinian women about breast cancer (BC) age-related and lifetime risks and its risk factors and to identify factors associated with good awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult women were recruited from government hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces in 11 governorates in Palestine. Recognition of 14 BC risk factors was assessed using a translated-into-Arabic version of the validated BC awareness measure. The level of BC risk factor awareness was determined on the basis of the number of risk factors recognized: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-14). RESULTS: Of 6,269 potential participants approached, 5,434 agreed and completed the questionnaire (response rate = 86.7%). A total of 5,257 questionnaires were included: 2,706 from the West Bank and Jerusalem and 2,551 from the Gaza Strip. Only 173 participants (3.3%) recognized the age-related risk of BC. More than one quarter (n = 1,465; 27.9%) recognized the lifetime risk of BC. The most recognized modifiable risk factor was not breastfeeding (n = 4,937; 93.9%), whereas the least recognized was having children later on in life or not at all (n = 1,755; 33.4%). The most recognized nonmodifiable risk factor was radiation exposure (n = 4,579; 87.1%), whereas the least recognized was starting the periods at an early age (n = 1,030; 19.6%). In total, 2,024 participants (38.4%) demonstrated good BC risk factor awareness. Participants from the Gaza Strip had a higher likelihood than participants from the West Bank and Jerusalem to have good awareness (42.0% v 35.2%). Age ≥ 40 years, postsecondary education, and visiting hospitals and primary health care centers were all associated with an increase in the likelihood of having good BC risk factor awareness. CONCLUSION: The awareness of BC risk factors was suboptimal. These findings highlight the need for implementing health education programs combined with consistent use of ad hoc opportunities to raise awareness by health care providers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Árabes , Fatores de Risco
17.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 352, 2022 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in the reduction of morbidity and mortality of cervical cancer by the implementation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs. This study aimed to assess the awareness of Palestinian women about HPV as well as their knowledge and acceptability of the HPV vaccine and to examine the factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: This was a national cross-sectional study. Adult women were recruited from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 Palestinian governorates using convenience sampling. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. For each correctly answered question, one point was given. The total score was calculated and categorized into poor (0-10) and good awareness (11-21). RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 7223 women out of 8086 who were approached (response rate = 89.3%). A total of 7058 questionnaires were included in the final analysis; 4403 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 2655 from the Gaza Strip. Women recruited from the Gaza Strip were younger, getting lower monthly incomes, and with fewer chronic diseases than women recruited from the WBJ. Only 33 women (0.5%) displayed good awareness of HPV and its vaccine with 0.7% of women from WBJ and only 0.2% of women from the Gaza Strip. Completing post-secondary education, being employed or a student, and having a higher monthly income were associated with an increase in the likelihood of having good awareness. Among women who had heard of HPV (n = 571, 8.1%), only 46 women (8.1%) reported familiarity with its vaccine. Women from the WBJ were more likely than women from the Gaza Strip to have heard about the HPV vaccine (0.9% vs. 0.2%). Most women agreed to receive the HPV vaccine themselves or for their daughters if it was given without cost or with a co-payment. No differences were found in the likelihood of agreeing to receive the HPV vaccine among women in the WBJ versus the Gaza Strip. CONCLUSION: The overall awareness of HPV and its vaccine was extremely low. Inclusion of the HPV vaccine in the national immunization program could change this, especially as the HPV vaccine appeared to be acceptable.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Árabes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Políticas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Vacinação
18.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 8: e2200070, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696626

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the public awareness level of colorectal cancer (CRC) risk factors in Palestine and identify factors associated with the good awareness level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult Palestinians were recruited using convenience sampling from hospitals, primary health care centers, and public locations in 11 governorates. The recognition of 11 CRC risk factors was evaluated using a translated-into-Arabic version of the validated bowel cancer awareness measure. Participants were given one point for each correctly recognized risk factor. The awareness level was determined by the number of CRC risk factors recognized: poor (0-3), fair (4-7), and good awareness (8-11). RESULTS: A total of 4,877 participants, of 5,254 approached, completed the questionnaire (response rate = 92.3%). The final analysis included 4,623 questionnaires, 2,700 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 1,923 from the Gaza Strip. Participants from the WBJ were older, gained higher monthly income, and had more chronic diseases than participants from the Gaza Strip. The most recognized modifiable CRC risk factor was not doing 30 minutes of moderate physical activity five times a week (n = 3,846, 83.2%), whereas the least recognized was having a diet low in fiber (n = 1,985, 42.9%). The most recognized nonmodifiable CRC risk factor was having a bowel disease (n = 3,320, 71.8%), whereas the least recognized was having diabetes (n = 1,581, 34.2%). Only 1,840 participants (39.8%) demonstrated good awareness of CRC risk factors. Participants from the Gaza Strip were more likely than participants from the WBJ to have good awareness (46.5.0% v 35.0%). Female sex, knowing someone with cancer, and completing postsecondary education were all associated with good awareness. CONCLUSION: Awareness of CRC risk factors was found to be low in Palestine. There is a substantial need to raise awareness of CRC risk factors through educational campaigns and programs.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 866, 2022 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In low-resource settings, the awareness level of colorectal cancer (CRC) signs and symptoms plays a crucial role in early detection and treatment. This study examined the public awareness level of CRC signs and symptoms in Palestine and investigated the factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: This was a national cross-sectional study conducted at hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 governorates across Palestine between July 2019 and March 2020. A translated-into-Arabic version of the validated bowel cancer awareness measure (BoCAM) was utilized to assess the awareness level of CRC signs and symptoms. For each correctly identified CRC sign/symptom, one point was given. The total score (ranging from 0 to 12) was calculated and categorized into three categories based on the number of symptoms recognized: poor (0 to 4), fair (5 to 8), and good awareness (9 to 12). RESULTS: Of 5254 approached, 4877 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate = 92.3%). A total of 4623 questionnaires were included in the analysis; 1923 were from the Gaza Strip and 2700 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ). Participants from the Gaza Strip were younger, gained lower monthly income, and had less chronic diseases than participants in the WBJ. The most frequently identified CRC sign/symptom was 'lump in the abdomen' while the least was 'pain in the back passage'. Only 1849 participants (40.0%, 95% CI: 39.0%-41.0%) had a good awareness level of CRC signs/symptoms. Participants living in the WBJ were more likely to have good awareness than participants living in the Gaza Strip (42.2% vs. 37.0%; p = 0.002). Knowing someone with cancer (OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.21-1.55; p < 0.001) and visiting hospitals (OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.25-1.70; p < 0.001) were both associated with higher likelihood of having good awareness. However, male gender (OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.68-0.94; p = 0.006) and following a vegetarian diet (OR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.48-0.73; p < 0.001) were both associated with lower likelihood of having good awareness. CONCLUSION: Less than half of the study participants had a good awareness level of CRC signs and symptoms. Future education interventions are needed to improve public awareness of CRC in Palestine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 801, 2022 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis is crucial to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer (BC). Awareness of BC symptoms plays a key role in this. This study aimed to evaluate the Palestinian women's awareness of BC symptoms and determine factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: This was a national cross-sectional study conducted from July 2019 to March 2020 in Palestine. Convenience sampling was used to recruit adult women from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces located in 11 governorates. A translated-into-Arabic version of the validated BC awareness measure was utilized for data collection. The awareness level was categorized based on the number of symptoms recognized into: poor (0 to 4), fair (5 to 9), and good (10 to 13). RESULTS: Of 6269 approached, 5434 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate = 86.7%). A total of 5257 questionnaires were included in the analysis: 2551 from the Gaza Strip and 2706 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ). Participants living in the WBJ were more likely to be older, have higher monthly income, and suffer from more chronic diseases than participants living in the Gaza Strip. The most frequently identified BC symptom was 'lump or thickening in the breast' (n = 4887, 92.9%) followed by 'lump or thickening under the armpit' (n = 4394, 83.6%). The least frequently identified symptoms were 'pulling in of the nipple' (n = 2665, 50.7%) and 'change in the position of the nipple' (n = 2710, 51.6%). A total of 2191 participants (41.7%) demonstrated good awareness of BC symptoms. Participants from the Gaza Strip were more likely than participants from the WBJ to have good awareness (47.0.0% vs. 36.7%). On the multivariable analysis, being ≥ 40 years, completing a post-secondary education, knowing someone with cancer, and visiting hospitals and primary healthcare centers were all associated with an increase in the likelihood of having good awareness. However, living in the WBJ was associated with a decrease in the likelihood of having good awareness. CONCLUSION: Less than half of women included in this study showed good awareness of BC symptoms. More targeted educational interventions are needed to promote Palestinian women's awareness of BC symptoms to facilitate early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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